Article 1 General Provisions 8-26B-1 – 8-26B-19
Article 2 Commission and Disposition of Funds 8-26B-30 – 8-26B-32
Article 3 Compensation of Student Athletes 8-26B-50 – 8-26B-61

Terms Used In Alabama Code > Title 8 > Chapter 26B - Revised Uniform Athlete Agents Act

  • accused: A person who has been arrested for committing a criminal offense and who is held for an initial appearance or other proceeding before trial. See Alabama Code 15-23-60
  • Acquittal:
    1. Judgement that a criminal defendant has not been proved guilty beyond a reasonable doubt.
    2. A verdict of "not guilty."
     
  • Adjourn: A motion to adjourn a legislative chamber or a committee, if passed, ends that day's session.
  • Advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
  • AFFILIATED COMPANY: Any company in the same corporate system as a parent, an industrial insured, or a member organization by virtue of common ownership, control, operation, or management. See Alabama Code 27-31B-2
  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • AGENCY CAPTIVE INSURANCE COMPANY: A captive insurance company that satisfies both of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 27-31B-2

  • agreement: Any agreement between a wholesaler and a supplier, whether oral or written, whereby a wholesaler is granted the right to purchase and sell a brand or brands of wine sold by a supplier. See Alabama Code 45-49-23.01
  • ALIEN CAPTIVE INSURANCE COMPANY: Any insurance company formed to write insurance business for its parents and affiliates and licensed pursuant to the laws of an alien jurisdiction which imposes statutory or regulatory standards in a form acceptable to the commissioner on companies transacting the business of insurance in that jurisdiction. See Alabama Code 27-31B-2
  • ALLEGED VICTIM: A person or persons to whom transmission of body fluids from the perpetrator of the crime occurred or was likely to have occurred in the course of the alleged crime. See Alabama Code 15-23-100
  • ALLOWANCE EXPENSE: Charges incurred for needed products, services, and accommodations, including, but not limited to, medical care, rehabilitation, rehabilitative occupational rehabilitation, rehabilitative occupational training, and other remedial treatment and care. See Alabama Code 15-23-3
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Amortization: Paying off a loan by regular installments.
  • ANCILLARY BUSINESS: A business owned by a wholesaler, or by a substantial partner of a wholesaler, the primary business of which is directly related to the transporting, storing, or marketing of the brand or brands of wine of a supplier with whom the wholesaler has an agreement; or a business owned by a wholesaler, a substantial stockholder of a wholesaler, or a substantial partner of a wholesaler which recycles empty beverage containers. See Alabama Code 45-49-23.01
  • Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • APPLICATION PROCESS AND PROCEDURES: The criteria and guidelines developed by the Department of Corrections for the establishment of community punishment and corrections programs, the granting of funds for programs authorized herein, and the monitoring, evaluation, and review of programs funded herein. See Alabama Code 15-18-171
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • apprentice: Any person practicing in a barber or haircutting shop to acquire the skill of a barber or haircutter after having completed the requirements of a student, under this part. See Alabama Code 45-49-40.01
  • appropriate municipal official: as used in this article shall mean any municipal building official or deputy and any other municipal official or municipal employee designated by the mayor or other chief executive officer of the municipality as the person to exercise the authority and perform the duties delegated by this article. See Alabama Code 11-40-31
  • Arraignment: A proceeding in which an individual who is accused of committing a crime is brought into court, told of the charges, and asked to plead guilty or not guilty.
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • article: Such term, when referring to a cosmetic, is used in the broad and comprehensive sense and has reference to the cosmetic product in question. See Alabama Code 20-1-50
  • article: When referring to food or drugs, such term is used in the broad and comprehensive sense and has reference to the food product or the drug product in question. See Alabama Code 20-1-20
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • association: Any legal association of individuals, corporations, limited liability companies, partnerships, associations, or other entities whereby either of the following exists:

    a. See Alabama Code 27-31B-2

  • ASSOCIATION CAPTIVE INSURANCE COMPANY: Any company that insures risks of the member organizations of the association, and that also may insure the risks of affiliated companies of the member organizations and the risks of the association itself and their affiliated companies. See Alabama Code 27-31B-2
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Attorney: as used in this chapter , refers to the attorney-in-fact of a reciprocal insurer. See Alabama Code 27-31-5
  • Attorney-in-fact: A person who, acting as an agent, is given written authorization by another person to transact business for him (her) out of court.
  • BABY FOOD: A food which purports to be or is represented for special dietary use as a food for babies by reason of its special formulation or its particular suitability for children under two years of age. See Alabama Code 20-1-20
  • Balanced budget: A budget in which receipts equal outlays.
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • barber: Any person licensed under this part to do the work of a barber. See Alabama Code 45-49-40.01
  • BARBER SCHOOL: Any establishment rendering for compensation the several services constituting the barber shop trade, but having for its primary purpose the teaching, for tuition fees, of the theories and practices of such services. See Alabama Code 45-49-40.01
  • BARBER SHOP: Any establishment having as its primary purpose the rendering for compensation of the several services constituting the barber shop trade. See Alabama Code 45-49-40.01
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • Bequest: Property gifted by will.
  • bingo: That game commonly known as bingo where numbers or symbols on a card or paper sheet are matched with numbers or symbols selected at random. See Alabama Code 45-49-150.01
  • BINGO SESSION: A consecutive period of time not to exceed five consecutive hours during which bingo is played in a given day and not to exceed two such days in a given week, except for special permit holders. See Alabama Code 45-49-150.01
  • board: The personnel board created by this part. See Alabama Code 45-49-120
  • board: The State Board of Agriculture and Industries. See Alabama Code 20-1-20
  • board: The board of directors of the authority or the board of directors of a nonprofit entity. See Alabama Code 15-18-171
  • BRANCH BUSINESS: Any insurance business transacted by a branch captive insurance company in this state. See Alabama Code 27-31B-2
  • BRANCH CAPTIVE INSURANCE COMPANY: Any alien captive insurance company licensed by the commissioner to transact the business of insurance in this state through a business unit with a principal place of business in this state. See Alabama Code 27-31B-2
  • BRANCH OPERATIONS: Any business operations of a branch captive insurance company in this state. See Alabama Code 27-31B-2
  • CAPACITY TO PROCEED OR CONTINUE TO TRIAL: Whether or not a defendant accused of a crime:

    a. See Alabama Code 22-52-30

  • Capital offense: A crime punishable by death.
  • CAPITATION PAYMENT: A payment the state Medicaid

    Agency makes periodically to the integrated care network on behalf of each recipient enrolled under a contract for the provision of medical services pursuant to this article. See Alabama Code 22-6-220

  • CAPTIVE INSURANCE COMPANY: Any pure captive insurance company, agency captive insurance company, association captive insurance company, risk retention group, protected cell captive insurance company, incorporated cell captive insurance company, industrial insured captive insurance company, reinsurance captive insurance company, or special purpose captive insurance company formed or licensed under this chapter. See Alabama Code 27-31B-2
  • CAPTIVE RISK RETENTION GROUP: A captive insurance company organized and licensed as a captive insurer under the laws of this state and operating pursuant to the Liability Risk Retention Act of 1986, as amended, 15 U. See Alabama Code 27-31B-2
  • Charge to the jury: The judge's instructions to the jury concerning the law that applies to the facts of the case on trial.
  • Charity: An agency, institution, or organization in existence and operating for the benefit of an indefinite number of persons and conducted for educational, religious, scientific, medical, or other beneficent purposes.
  • claimant: Any of the following persons applying for compensation under this article:

    a. See Alabama Code 15-23-3

  • CLASSIFIED SERVICE: Includes all offices, positions, and employment in Mobile County or any such city therein as these offices, positions, and employment now exist or as they may hereafter exist, the holders of which are paid whether by salary, wages, or fees in whole or in part from funds of Mobile County or any such city, or the holders of which receive their compensation from any elected official and perform duties pertaining to the office of such elected official or officer, except those placed in the unclassified service by Section 45-49-120. See Alabama Code 45-49-120
  • Clerk of court: An officer appointed by the court to work with the chief judge in overseeing the court's administration, especially to assist in managing the flow of cases through the court and to maintain court records.
  • COLLATERAL SOURCE: Source of income, financial or other benefits or advantages for economic loss other than the compensation paid by the compensation commission which the claimant has received or is entitled to receive or is readily available to the claimant, from any one or more of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 15-23-3

  • commission: The Alabama Crime Victims Compensation Commission as created by Section 15-23-4. See Alabama Code 15-23-3
  • commissioner: The Commissioner of Revenue of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 9-13-80
  • commissioner: The Commissioner of Agriculture and Industries. See Alabama Code 2-1-1
  • commissioner: The Commissioner of Agriculture and Industries. See Alabama Code 20-1-20
  • commissioner: The Commissioner of the Department of Mental Health of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 22-52-30
  • commissioner: Commissioner of the state Department of Mental Health. See Alabama Code 22-52-90
  • commissioner: The Commissioner of the Department of Corrections

    (3) STATE CORRECTIONAL INSTITUTION. See Alabama Code 15-18-111

  • commissioner: The Commissioner of the Department of Corrections. See Alabama Code 15-18-171
  • commissioner: The Insurance Commissioner of this state or the commissioner, director, or superintendent of insurance in any other state. See Alabama Code 27-31A-2
  • commissioner: The Alabama Commissioner of Insurance or the commissioner's designee. See Alabama Code 27-31B-2
  • committee: The Supervisory Committee of the Mobile County Personnel Board created by this part. See Alabama Code 45-49-120
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • community: The county or counties comprising one or more judicial circuits. See Alabama Code 15-18-171
  • COMMUNITY MENTAL HEALTH OFFICER: A person who acts as a liaison between law enforcement and the general public, and who is regularly employed by a municipality within the county or regularly employed by the county commission or any public body or agency, including the state Department of Mental Health. See Alabama Code 22-52-90
  • COMMUNITY PUNISHMENT AND CORRECTIONS AUTHORITY: A public corporation organized pursuant to the provisions of this article. See Alabama Code 15-18-171
  • COMMUNITY PUNISHMENT AND CORRECTIONS PLAN: A document prepared by the county commission or an authority, or nonprofit entity, and submitted to the Department of Corrections in accordance with the requirements set forth in the application process and procedure, which identifies proposed community-based programs to be implemented within the county in accordance with the terms of this article and justifies the funding of such programs with regard to local need and community support. See Alabama Code 15-18-171
  • COMMUNITY PUNISHMENT AND CORRECTIONS PROGRAM: Any program designed as an alternative to incarceration and maintained by a county commission or an authority or nonprofit entity for the purpose of punishing and for correcting a person convicted of a felony or misdemeanor or adjudicated a youthful offender and which may be imposed as part of a sanction, including, but not limited to confinement, work release, day reporting, home detention, restitution programs, community service, education and intervention programs, and substance abuse programs. See Alabama Code 15-18-171
  • COMMUNITY STATUS: Extension of the limits of the places of confinement of a prisoner through work release, supervised intensive restitution (SIR), and initial consideration of pre-discretionary leave, passes, and furloughs. See Alabama Code 15-23-60
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • COMPLETED OPERATIONS LIABILITY: Liability arising out of the installation, maintenance, or repair of any product at a site which is not owned or controlled by either of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 27-31A-2

  • CONCENTRATION YARD: A place where logs, pulpwood, or inwoods pulpwood chips severed in Alabama are brought or received within the State of Alabama in a green or rough form or condition for resale to processors or manufacturers or for shipment out of state. See Alabama Code 9-13-80
  • CONFIDENTIAL COMMUNICATION: Any information exchanged between a victim and a victim counselor in private or in the presence of a third party who is necessary to facilitate communication or further the counseling process and which is disclosed in the course of the counselor's treatment of the victim for any emotional or psychological condition resulting from a sexual assault or family violence. See Alabama Code 15-23-41
  • Contingent beneficiary: Receiver of property or benefits if the first named beneficiary fails to receive any or all of the property or benefits in question before his (her) death.
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • CONTROL ZONE: An area of potential or actual infestation or infection, the boundaries of which are fixed and clearly described in a manner definitely identifying the zone. See Alabama Code 9-13-120
  • CONTROLLED UNAFFILIATED BUSINESS: Any company that meets all of the following criteria:

    a. See Alabama Code 27-31B-2

  • cooperative: A cooperative marketing association for marketing of farm products. See Alabama Code 2-1-1
  • corporation: Any corporation organized pursuant to this part. See Alabama Code 45-49-90
  • cosmetic: An article intended to be rubbed, poured, sprinkled or sprayed on, introduced into or otherwise applied to the human body for cleansing, beautifying, promoting attractiveness or altering the appearance and the component parts of such an article. See Alabama Code 20-1-50
  • county: Mobile County. See Alabama Code 45-49-90
  • county: A county in the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 22-52-90
  • COUNTY COMMISSION CHAIRPERSON: The chair of the county commission or his or her representative. See Alabama Code 15-18-171
  • COUNTY INMATE: A person convicted of a misdemeanor. See Alabama Code 15-18-171
  • court: Any circuit or district court of this state. See Alabama Code 15-18-142
  • court: The trial judge exercising sentencing jurisdiction over an eligible offender under this article and includes any successor of the trial judge. See Alabama Code 15-18-171
  • court: All state courts including juvenile courts. See Alabama Code 15-23-60
  • COVERED CONTRACT: Any written employment separation, termination, or post-employment settlement or release agreement written solely for that purpose; any written business relationship termination agreement written solely for that purpose; and any written settlement between parties to a legal dispute written solely for that purpose, whether before, during, or after litigation, and the provisions thereof. See Alabama Code 8-1-221
  • CRIMINAL OFFENSE: Conduct for which a sentence to a term of imprisonment, or the death penalty, or to a fine is provided by any law of this state or by any law, local law, or ordinance of a political subdivision of this state. See Alabama Code 15-18-142
  • CRIMINAL OFFENSE: Conduct that gives a law enforcement officer or prosecutor probable cause to believe that a felony involving physical injury, the threat of physical injury, or a sexual offense, or any offense involving spousal abuse or domestic violence has been committed. See Alabama Code 15-23-60
  • CRIMINAL PROCEEDING: A hearing, argument, or other matter scheduled by and held before a trial court but does not include a lineup, grand jury proceeding, or other matter not held in the presence of the court. See Alabama Code 15-23-60
  • CRIMINALLY INJURIOUS CONDUCT: Criminally injurious conduct includes any of the following acts:

    a. See Alabama Code 15-23-3

  • Cross examine: Questioning of a witness by the attorney for the other side.
  • CUSTODIAL AGENCY: A municipal or county jail, the State Department of Corrections, juvenile detention facility, Department of Youth Services, the Board of Pardons and Paroles, or a secure mental health facility having custody of a person who is arrested or is in custody for a criminal offense. See Alabama Code 15-23-60
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • dealer: A manufacturer, wholesaler, retailer, jobber, and similar establishments, mobile or permanent, engaged in the sale of food for consumption on premises. See Alabama Code 20-1-20
  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • defendant: A person, as defined, who has been ordered by a court to pay restitution. See Alabama Code 15-18-142
  • defendant: A person or entity that is formally charged by complaint, indictment, information, or petition, of committing a criminal offense. See Alabama Code 15-23-60
  • department: The Department of Revenue of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 9-13-80
  • department: The Department of Agriculture and Industries. See Alabama Code 20-1-20
  • department: The Alabama State Department of Mental Health. See Alabama Code 22-52-1.1
  • department: The Department of Corrections. See Alabama Code 15-18-111
  • department: The Department of Corrections. See Alabama Code 15-18-171
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • dependent: A natural person wholly or partially dependent upon the victim for care or support, and includes a child of the victim born after the death of the victim where the death occurred as a result of criminally injurious conduct. See Alabama Code 15-23-3
  • DESIGNATED MEMBER: The spouse, child, grandchild, parent, brother, or sister of a deceased individual who owned an interest, including a controlling interest, in a wholesaler; or any person who inherits the deceased individual's ownership interest in the wholesaler under the terms of the deceased individual's will, or under the laws of intestate succession of this state; or any person who or entity which has otherwise by designation in writing by the deceased individual, succeeded the deceased individual in the wholesaler's business, or has succeeded to the deceased individual's ownership interest in the wholesaler pursuant to a written contract or instrument; and also includes the appointed and qualified personal representative and the testamentary trustee of a deceased individual owning an ownership interest in a wholesaler. See Alabama Code 45-49-23.01
  • DESIGNATED MENTAL HEALTH FACILITY: A mental health facility other than a state mental health facility designated by the State Department of Mental Health to receive persons for evaluation, examination, admission, detention or treatment pursuant to the provisions of this article. See Alabama Code 22-52-1.1
  • DESIGNATED MENTAL HEALTH FACILITY: A mental health facility other than a state mental health facility designated by the state Department of Mental Health to receive persons for evaluation, examination, admission, detention, or treatment pursuant to the commitment process. See Alabama Code 22-52-90
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • director: The personnel director created by this part. See Alabama Code 45-49-120
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • DISPARAGING STATEMENT: Any statement that does any of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 8-1-221

  • division: The Community Corrections Division of the department. See Alabama Code 15-18-171
  • domicile: For purposes of determining the state in which a purchasing group is domiciled:

    a. See Alabama Code 27-31A-2

  • Donor: The person who makes a gift.
  • Dower: A widow
  • drug: All medicines and preparations recognized in the United States pharmacopoeia or national formulary for internal or external use and any substance or mixture of substances to be used for the cure, mitigation, or prevention of disease in man or domestic animals. See Alabama Code 20-1-20
  • ECONOMIC LOSS: Monetary detriment consisting only of allowable expense, work loss, replacement services loss and, if injury causes death, economic loss and replacement services loss of a dependent, but shall not include noneconomic loss or noneconomic detriment. See Alabama Code 15-23-3
  • ECONOMIC LOSS OF A DEPENDENT: A loss after the death or injury of the victim of contributions of things of economic value to the dependent, not including services which would have been received from the victim if he or she had not suffered the fatal injury, less expenses of the dependent avoided by reason of death or injury of the victim. See Alabama Code 15-23-3
  • eligible: A person who has committed an offense not excluded by subdivision (14) and who meets the criteria of Section 15-18-175. See Alabama Code 15-18-171
  • employer: A person who owes or will owe any wages, salary, tips, commissions, bonuses, or money to defendant as remuneration for employment, past, present, or future, after deducting any amounts required to be withheld by law. See Alabama Code 15-18-142
  • EMPLOYMENT INCOME: Wages, salary, tips, commissions, bonuses, any and all money due or payable to which a defendant is or may be entitled based upon remuneration for employment, past, present or future, less deductions therefrom required to be withheld by law. See Alabama Code 15-18-142
  • EMPLOYMENT REGISTER: Records containing names, of those persons who have successfully completed their prescribed tests, listed and ranked in order of their final earned average from the highest to the lowest. See Alabama Code 45-49-120
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • EXCLUDED FELONY OFFENDERS: One who is convicted of any of the following felony offenses: Murder, kidnapping in the first degree, rape in the first degree, sodomy in the first degree, arson in the first degree, trafficking in controlled substances, robbery in the first degree, burglary in the first degree, manslaughter, sexual abuse in the first degree, forcible sex crimes, sex offenses involving a child as defined in Section 15-20A-4, or assault in the first degree if the assault leaves the victim permanently disfigured or disabled. See Alabama Code 15-18-171
  • Executive session: A portion of the Senate's daily session in which it considers executive business.
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • facility: Any state-owned or state-operated hospital or other facility, whether currently operating or to be operated in the future, utilized for the diagnosis, care, treatment, training or hospitalization of persons who are mentally ill or who are believed to be mentally ill and any other appropriate facility within the State of Alabama approved for such purpose by the Department of Mental Health, excluding those general hospitals owned by a state educational institution which is a public corporation organized under the acts of the Legislature of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 22-52-30
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • FAMILY VIOLENCE: The occurrence of one or more of the following acts between family or household members:

    a. See Alabama Code 15-23-41

  • Federal Reserve System: The central bank of the United States. The Fed, as it is commonly called, regulates the U.S. monetary and financial system. The Federal Reserve System is composed of a central governmental agency in Washington, D.C. (the Board of Governors) and twelve regional Federal Reserve Banks in major cities throughout the United States. Source: OCC
  • Fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it.
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • FINAL DISPOSITION: The ultimate termination of the criminal prosecution of a defendant by a trial court, including dismissal, acquittal, or imposition of a sentence. See Alabama Code 15-23-60
  • Finance charge: The total cost of credit a customer must pay on a consumer loan, including interest. The Truth in Lending Act requires disclosure of the finance charge. Source: OCC
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • food: All articles of food, drink, confectionery, or condiment, whether simple, mixed, or compound, used or intended for use by man or domestic animals. See Alabama Code 20-1-20
  • FOOD SALES ESTABLISHMENT: Retail and wholesale stores and places of business, and similar establishments, mobile or permanent, engaged in the sale of food primarily for consumption off the premises. See Alabama Code 20-1-20
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • FOREST PRODUCTS: Logs, pulpwood, poles, pilings, inwoods pulpwood chips, and stumpwood (tarwood). See Alabama Code 9-13-80
  • FOREST TREES: Only those trees which are a part of and constitute a stand of potential, immature or mature commercial timber trees; provided, however, that such term shall be deemed to include shade trees of any species around houses, along highways and within cities and towns if the same constitute an insect or disease menace to nearby timber trees or timber stands. See Alabama Code 9-13-120
  • forestland: Land on which forest trees occur. See Alabama Code 9-13-120
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
  • GENERAL ACCOUNT: All assets and liabilities of a protected cell captive insurance company not attributable to a protected cell. See Alabama Code 27-31B-2
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • GOOD FAITH: Honesty in fact and the observance of reasonable commercial standards of fair dealing in the trade, as defined in and interpreted under the Uniform Commercial Code, Section 7-2-103. See Alabama Code 45-49-23.01
  • GOVERNING BODY: The Mobile County Commission or the council or other governing body of a municipality located in Mobile County. See Alabama Code 45-49-90
  • GOVERNING BODY: With respect to a county, its county commission or other like governing body exercising the legislative functions of a county. See Alabama Code 15-18-171
  • Grace period: The number of days you'll have to pay your bill for purchases in full without triggering a finance charge. Source: Federal Reserve
  • Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
  • Guarantor: A party who agrees to be responsible for the payment of another party's debts should that party default. Source: OCC
  • HAZARDOUS FINANCIAL CONDITION: Based on its present or reasonably anticipated financial condition, a risk retention group, although not yet financially impaired or insolvent, is unlikely to be able to do either of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 27-31A-2

  • HEALTH CARE FACILITY: Such term shall include public health centers; rehabilitation centers; skilled nursing facilities; intermediate care facilities; general and specialized hospitals, including tuberculosis, psychiatric, long-term care and other types of hospitals, and related facilities such as laboratories, outpatient departments and clinics and central service facilities operated in connection with hospitals; organized ambulatory health care facilities, such as family planning clinics, facilities for surgical treatment of patients not requiring hospitalization and facilities located in or apart from a hospital for the diagnosis or treatment of disease, excluding the offices of private physicians; hemodialysis units; hospice services; and home health agencies operated in connection with a hospital. See Alabama Code 22-4-2
  • HEALTH SERVICE AREA: A geographical area designated by the Governor as being appropriate for effective planning and development of health services. See Alabama Code 22-4-2
  • HEALTH SYSTEMS AGENCY: An entity which is organized and operated under the provisions of Title XV of the Public Health Service Act (42 U. See Alabama Code 22-4-2
  • IMMEDIATE FAMILY: The spouse, parent, child, sibling, or grandparent of the victim, unless that person is in custody for an offense or is the accused. See Alabama Code 15-23-60
  • INCORPORATED CELL: A protected cell of an incorporated cell captive insurance company that is organized as a corporation or other legal entity separate from the incorporated cell captive insurance company. See Alabama Code 27-31B-2
  • INCORPORATED CELL CAPTIVE INSURANCE COMPANY: A protected cell captive insurance company that is established as a corporation or other legal entity separate from its incorporated cells that are also organized as separate legal entities. See Alabama Code 27-31B-2
  • incorporators: The persons forming a public corporation pursuant to this article. See Alabama Code 15-18-171
  • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
  • INDUSTRIAL INSURED: As defined in subdivision (2) of Section 27-10-20. See Alabama Code 27-31B-2
  • INDUSTRIAL INSURED CAPTIVE INSURANCE COMPANY: Any company that insures risks of the industrial insureds that comprise the industrial insured group, and that may insure the risks of the affiliated companies of the industrial insureds and the risks of the controlled unaffiliated business of an industrial insured or its affiliated companies. See Alabama Code 27-31B-2
  • INDUSTRIAL INSURED GROUP: Any group that meets either of the following criteria:

    a. See Alabama Code 27-31B-2

  • INDUSTRIAL PARK: Land, with such improvements as are authorized by this part, which has been determined suitable for use by more than one industrial or commercial enterprise for industrial or commercial purposes and has been acquired or is proposed to be acquired for the purpose of transferring it to one or more persons for use for industrial or commercial purposes. See Alabama Code 45-49-90
  • INFANT FORMULA: A food which purports to be or is represented for special dietary use solely as a food for infants by reason of its simulation of human milk or its suitability as a complete or partial substitute for human milk. See Alabama Code 20-1-20
  • infestation: Infestation by means of any insect which is dangerously injurious to forest trees; such term shall mean infection by any disease affecting forest trees which is dangerously injurious to same. See Alabama Code 9-13-120
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • inmate: A person who has served at least 90 days in any jail or penal facility, either male or female, who has been convicted of a felony and sentenced to a term of confinement and treatment in a state correctional institution under the jurisdiction of the department. See Alabama Code 15-18-111
  • INPATIENT TREATMENT: Treatment being provided to a person at a state mental health facility or a designated mental health facility which has been specifically designated by the department for inpatient treatment. See Alabama Code 22-52-1.1
  • INSTITUTIONAL HEALTH SERVICES: The health services provided through health care institutions. See Alabama Code 22-4-2
  • insurance: Primary insurance, excess insurance, reinsurance, surplus lines insurance, and any other arrangement for shifting and distributing risk which is determined to be insurance under the laws of this state. See Alabama Code 27-31A-2
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • Intestate: Dying without leaving a will.
  • INVOLUNTARY COMMITMENT: Court ordered mental health services in either an outpatient or inpatient setting. See Alabama Code 22-52-1.1
  • Irrevocable trust: A trust arrangement that cannot be revoked, rescinded, or repealed by the grantor.
  • Joint meeting: An occasion, often ceremonial, when the House and Senate each adopt a unanimous consent agreement
  • Judgement: The official decision of a court finally determining the respective rights and claims of the parties to a suit.
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • label: A display of written, printed, or graphic matter upon the immediate container of any article. See Alabama Code 20-1-20
  • LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICER: A policeman regularly employed by a municipality within the county or a sheriff or deputy sheriff regularly employed by the county. See Alabama Code 22-52-90
  • LAWFUL REPRESENTATIVE: A person who is designated by the victim, who is a member of the immediate family, or appointed by the court and who will act in the best interests of the victim. See Alabama Code 15-23-60
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Legal tender: coins, dollar bills, or other currency issued by a government as official money. Source: U.S. Mint
  • Legatee: A beneficiary of a decedent
  • Legislative session: That part of a chamber's daily session in which it considers legislative business (bills, resolutions, and actions related thereto).
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • LIQUIDATED DAMAGES: The dollar sum that the parties have by the covered contract fixed or assessed as damages to be paid as compensation for a breach of contract. See Alabama Code 8-1-221
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • location: A single building, hall, enclosure, or outdoor area used for the purpose of playing bingo pursuant to a permit issued under this part. See Alabama Code 45-49-150.01
  • LONG-TERM CARE SERVICES: Medicaid-funded nursing facility services, home-based and community-based support services, or such other long-term care services as the Medicaid Agency may determine by rule provided to certain Medicaid beneficiaries defined in subdivision (4). See Alabama Code 22-6-220
  • manufacturer: As applied to logs suitable for manufacture into lumber, plywood, veneer, or other solid wood product, the person who operates the sawmill or plant in which the products are manufactured; as applied to pulpwood, the person who operates the paper or pulp mill, oriented strand board mill, pellet mill, or other plant in which the products are manufactured; as applied to poles and pilings, the person who purchases from the producer; as applied to stumpwood, the person who operates the plant or retort in which the product is utilized. See Alabama Code 9-13-80
  • MEDICAID AGENCY: The Alabama Medicaid Agency or any successor agency of the state designated as the single state agency to administer the medical assistance program described in Title XIX of the Social Security Act. See Alabama Code 22-6-220
  • MEDICAID BENEFICIARIES: As used in this article, those Medicaid beneficiaries who have been determined eligible for Medicaid benefits in a nursing facility or home and community based waiver programs covered by the Medicaid state plan, who have also been determined by a qualified provider to meet the level of care for skilled nursing facility services, and those Medicaid beneficiaries who are also eligible for Medicare coverage, under Title XVIII of the Social Security Act, and who are assigned by Medicaid to the integrated care network. See Alabama Code 22-6-220
  • MEDICAL FACILITIES PLAN: A plan, prepared by the State Board of Health with the advice and consultation of the Statewide Health Coordinating Council, which shall consider the medical facilities plans of the health systems agencies, and which shall establish an integrated and interrelated system of health care facilities which shall have as its objective the provision of readily accessible health care in all parts of the state. See Alabama Code 22-4-2
  • MEMBER ORGANIZATION: Any individual, corporation, limited liability company, partnership, association, or other entity that belongs to an association. See Alabama Code 27-31B-2
  • misbranded: Such term shall apply to all drugs or foods or articles which enter into the composition of food, the package or label of which shall bear or contain any statement, design, or device regarding such article or the ingredients or substances contained therein which shall be false or misleading in any particular and to any food or drug product which is falsely branded as to the state, territory, or country in which it is manufactured or produced. See Alabama Code 20-1-20
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
  • municipality: An incorporated city or town located within Mobile County. See Alabama Code 45-49-90
  • MUTUAL CORPORATION: A corporation or other legal entity organized without stockholders. See Alabama Code 27-31B-2
  • MUTUAL INSURER: An incorporated captive insurer without capital stock and the governing body of which is elected from policyholders at the mutual members' annual meeting. See Alabama Code 27-31B-2
  • National Bank: A bank that is subject to the supervision of the Comptroller of the Currency. The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency is a bureau of the U.S. Treasury Department. A national bank can be recognized because it must have "national" or "national association" in its name. Source: OCC
  • National Credit Union Administration: The federal regulatory agency that charters and supervises federal credit unions. (NCUA also administers the National Credit Union Share Insurance Fund, which insures the deposits of federal credit unions.) Source: OCC
  • NONPROFIT ENTITY: Any not-for-profit organization, agency, or other entity other than a community punishment and corrections authority that provides treatment, guidance, training, or other rehabilitation services to individuals, families, or groups in such areas as health, education, vocational training, special education, social services, psychological counseling, and alcohol and drug treatment. See Alabama Code 15-18-171
  • Oath: A promise to tell the truth.
  • oath: includes affirmation. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • OFFICE OF PROSECUTION SERVICES: The Office of Prosecution Services as established by Section 12-17-230. See Alabama Code 15-23-3
  • Oral argument: An opportunity for lawyers to summarize their position before the court and also to answer the judges' questions.
  • ORGANIZATIONAL DOCUMENTS: The documents that must be submitted pursuant to state law in order to legally form a business in this state, or to obtain a certificate of authority to transact business in the state. See Alabama Code 27-31B-2
  • OUT-OF-DATE: Any article with a label containing an open-date statement with a date affixed thereto which has passed. See Alabama Code 20-1-20
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • parent: An individual, corporation, limited liability company, partnership, association, or other entity that directly or indirectly owns, controls, or holds with power to vote more than 50 percent of the outstanding of any of the following:

    (1) Voting securities of a pure captive insurance company organized as a stock corporation. See Alabama Code 27-31B-2

  • PARENT OR GUARDIAN OF THE ALLEGED VICTIM: A parent or legal guardian of an alleged victim who is a minor or incapacitated person. See Alabama Code 15-23-100
  • participant: An entity as defined in Section 27-31B-24, and any affiliates thereof, that are insured by a protected cell captive insurance company, where the losses of the participant are limited through a participant contract. See Alabama Code 27-31B-2
  • PARTICIPANT CONTRACT: A contract by which a protected cell captive insurance company insures the risks of a participant and limits the losses of each participant to its pro rata share of the assets of one or more protected cells identified in the participant contract. See Alabama Code 27-31B-2
  • PERMIT HOLDER: A qualified organization which has been issued a permit pursuant to this part. See Alabama Code 45-49-150.01
  • person: An individual, corporation, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, limited liability company, association, joint venture, public corporation, government, government subdivision, agency, or instrumentality, or any other legal or commercial entity. See Alabama Code 8-1-221
  • person: Any individual, firm, copartnership, association, corporation, receiver, trustee, or any other group or combination acting as a unit. See Alabama Code 9-13-80
  • person: An individual, partnership, corporation, company, society or association. See Alabama Code 9-13-120
  • person: Any human being, corporation, association, or other legal entity. See Alabama Code 45-49-150.01
  • person: An individual, partnership, corporation, or association or any combination thereof. See Alabama Code 20-1-20
  • PERSONAL RISK LIABILITY: Liability for damages because of injury to any person, damage to property, or other loss or damage resulting from any personal, familial, or household responsibilities or activities, rather than from responsibilities or activities referred to in subdivisions (6)a. See Alabama Code 27-31A-2
  • plan: The community punishment and corrections plan defined in subdivision (7). See Alabama Code 15-18-171
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Plea agreement: An arrangement between the prosecutor, the defense attorney, and the defendant in which the defendant agrees to plead guilty in exchange for special considerations. Source:
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • POSITIVE REACTION: A positive test with a positive confirmatory test result as specified by the Department of Public Health. See Alabama Code 15-23-100
  • POST-ARREST RELEASE: The discharge of the accused from confinement on recognizance, bond, or other condition. See Alabama Code 15-23-60
  • POST-CONVICTION RELEASE: Parole, or discharge from confinement by an agency having custody of the prisoner. See Alabama Code 15-23-60
  • POST-CONVICTION RELIEF PROCEEDING: A hearing, argument, or other matter that is held in any court and that involves a request for relief from a conviction, sentence, or adjudication. See Alabama Code 15-23-60
  • POTENTIALLY HAZARDOUS FOOD: A food that is natural or synthetic and that requires temperature control because it is in a form capable of supporting rapid and progressive growth of infectious or toxigenic microorganisms or the growth and toxin production of Clostridium botulinum or the growth of Salmonella Enteritidis. See Alabama Code 20-1-20
  • Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • President pro tempore: A constitutionally recognized officer of the Senate who presides over the chamber in the absence of the Vice President. The President Pro Tempore (or, "president for a time") is elected by the Senate and is, by custom, the Senator of the majority party with the longest record of continuous service.
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • prisoner: A person who has been convicted or adjudicated of a criminal offense against a victim and who has been sentenced to the custody of the sheriff, the Alabama Department of Corrections, Department of Youth Services, juvenile detention facility, a municipal jail, or a secure mental health facility. See Alabama Code 15-23-60
  • Pro se: A Latin term meaning "on one's own behalf"; in courts, it refers to persons who present their own cases without lawyers.
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Probation officers: Screen applicants for pretrial release and monitor convicted offenders released under court supervision.
  • processor: A chip mill or other facility that receives forest products from a producer and further processes those forest products before delivery to a manufacturer. See Alabama Code 9-13-80
  • producer: Any person engaging or continuing to engage in this state in the business of severing timber or any other forest products from the soil, whether as owner, lessee, concessionaire, or contractor. See Alabama Code 9-13-80
  • PRODUCT LIABILITY: Liability for damages because of any personal injury, death, emotional harm, consequential economic damage, or property damage, including damages resulting from the loss of use of property, arising out of the manufacture, design, importation, distribution, packaging, labeling, lease, or sale of a product, but does not include the liability of any person for those damages if the product involved was in the possession of the person when the incident giving rise to the claim occurred. See Alabama Code 27-31A-2
  • program: Supervised Intensive Restitution (SIR) program. See Alabama Code 15-18-111
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • PROTECTED CELL: A separate account established by a protected cell captive insurance company formed or licensed under this chapter, in which an identified pool of assets and liabilities is segregated and insulated by means of this chapter from the remainder of the protected cell captive insurance company's assets and liabilities in accordance with the terms of one or more participant contracts to fund the liability of the protected cell captive insurance company, with respect to the participants as set forth in the participant contracts. See Alabama Code 27-31B-2
  • PROTECTED CELL ASSETS: All assets, contract rights, and general intangibles identified with and attributable to a specific protected cell of a protected cell captive insurance company. See Alabama Code 27-31B-2
  • PROTECTED CELL CAPTIVE INSURANCE COMPANY: Any captive insurance company meeting all of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 27-31B-2

  • PROTECTED CELL LIABILITIES: All liabilities and other obligations identified with and attributed to a specific protected cell of a protected cell captive insurance company. See Alabama Code 27-31B-2
  • PUBLIC HEARINGS: A meeting of the board, open to the public, whereat any citizen, taxpayer, or party at interest may appear and be heard subject to such rules and regulations as may be fixed by the board. See Alabama Code 45-49-120
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • PUBLIC RECORD: A record which the public shall have the right to inspect in a reasonable manner during ordinary business hours. See Alabama Code 45-49-120
  • PURCHASING GROUP: Any group which meets all of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 27-31A-2

  • PURE CAPTIVE INSURANCE COMPANY: Any company that insures risks of its parent and affiliated companies or controlled unaffiliated business or businesses. See Alabama Code 27-31B-2
  • QUALIFIED ORGANIZATION: A bona fide religious, educational, service, senior citizens, fraternal, or veterans organization which operates without profit to its members and which either has been in existence continuously as such an organization for a period of 12 months or is exempt from taxation by virtue of having been currently classified locally as a tax exempt nonprofit organization by the Internal Revenue Service, United States Government. See Alabama Code 45-49-150.01
  • QUALITY ASSURANCE PROVISIONS: Specifications for assessing and improving the quality of care provided by the integrated care networks. See Alabama Code 22-6-220
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • real property: includes lands, tenements and hereditaments. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • REASONABLE QUALIFICATIONS: The standard of the reasonable criteria established and consistently used by the respective supplier for Alabama wholesalers that entered into, continued, or renewed an agreement with the supplier during a period of 24 months prior to the proposed transfer of the wholesaler's business, or for Alabama wholesalers who have changed managers or designated managers during a period of 24 months prior to the proposed change in manager or successor manager of the wholesaler's business. See Alabama Code 45-49-23.01
  • Recess: A temporary interruption of the legislative business.
  • recipient: Any entity receiving directly or indirectly any financial grant or contractual remuneration under this article. See Alabama Code 15-18-171
  • REGIONAL CARE ORGANIZATION: An organization of health care providers that contracts with the Medicaid Agency to provide a comprehensive package of Medicaid benefits to Medicaid beneficiaries in a defined region of the state. See Alabama Code 22-6-220
  • reinsurance captive insurance company: is a company which only assumes risks from:

    a. See Alabama Code 27-31B-2

  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • renovation: The repair, remodeling, alteration, or expansion of existing buildings or structures to make them habitable or suitable for community punishment and corrections program operations, and includes the acquisition and installation of necessary equipment. See Alabama Code 15-18-171
  • REPLACEMENT SERVICES LOSS: Expenses reasonably incurred in obtaining ordinary and necessary services in lieu of those the victim would have performed, not for income, but for the benefit of self or family, if the victim had not been injured or died. See Alabama Code 15-23-3
  • REPLACEMENT SERVICES LOSS OF DEPENDENT: The loss reasonably incurred by dependents after death of the victim in obtaining ordinary and necessary services in lieu of those the deceased victim would have performed for their benefit had the deceased victim not suffered the fatal injury, less expenses of the dependent avoided by reason of death of the victim and not subtracted in calculating the economic loss of the dependent. See Alabama Code 15-23-3
  • Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
  • Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
  • respondent: A person for which a petition for commitment to mental health services has been filed. See Alabama Code 22-52-1.1
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • restitution: Full, partial or nominal payment of pecuniary damages to the victim or to its equivalent in services performed or work or labor done for the benefit of the victim as determined by the court of record. See Alabama Code 15-18-66
  • restitution: An amount of money ordered by a court to be paid to a clerk or other person by a defendant for the use and benefit of a victim of the defendant's criminal offense. See Alabama Code 15-18-142
  • restitution: Payment to the victim who has suffered financial losses as a result of a crime. See Alabama Code 15-18-171
  • RETALIATORY ACTION: Includes, but is not limited to, the refusal to continue an agreement, or a material reduction in the quality of service or in the quantity of products available to a wholesaler under an agreement, which refusal or reduction is not made in good faith. See Alabama Code 45-49-23.01
  • right: Any right granted to the victim by the laws of this state. See Alabama Code 15-23-60
  • Right of survivorship: The ownership rights that result in the acquisition of title to property by reason of having survived other co-owners.
  • RISK CONTRACT: A long-term care contract with a fully certified integrated care network under which the integrated care network assumes risk for the cost of the services covered under the contract and incurs loss if the cost of furnishing the services exceeds the payments under the contract and which is competitively bid or competitively procured. See Alabama Code 22-6-220
  • RISK RETENTION GROUP: Any corporation or other limited liability association which meets all of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 27-31A-2

  • roster: Records of persons in the classified service, containing information as to their service. See Alabama Code 45-49-120
  • rules: The regulations adopted by the board for carrying out this part. See Alabama Code 45-49-120
  • SALES TERRITORY: An area of exclusive sales responsibility for the brand or brands of wine sold by a supplier as designated by an agreement. See Alabama Code 45-49-23.01
  • seafoods: shall include and mean all oysters, saltwater fish, saltwater shrimp, diamond back terrapin, sea turtle, crabs and all other species of marine or saltwater animal life existing or living in the water within the territorial jurisdiction of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 9-2-80
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • sever: To fell, cut, or otherwise separate from the soil. See Alabama Code 9-13-80
  • SEXUAL ASSAULT: Any sexual offense enumerated in Sections 13A-6-60 through 13A-6-70. See Alabama Code 15-23-41
  • SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASE: Those diseases designated by the State Board of Health as sexually transmitted diseases for the purposes of this article. See Alabama Code 15-23-100
  • SPECIAL PERMIT HOLDER: One who holds a permit for a special occasion and as provided by Section 45-49-150. See Alabama Code 45-49-150.01
  • sponsor: Any person or entity that is approved by the commissioner to organize and operate a protected cell captive insurance company. See Alabama Code 27-31B-2
  • STANDARD OF PURITY OR QUALITY: The standard of purity and quality fixed by the State Board of Agriculture and Industries. See Alabama Code 20-1-50
  • state: Any state of the United States or the District of Columbia. See Alabama Code 27-31A-2
  • STATE BOARD OF HEALTH: The statutory agency of the State of Alabama operative in the field of general health matters and performing the duties and exercising the powers as set forth in the statutory provisions relating thereto. See Alabama Code 22-4-2
  • STATE DEPARTMENT OF MENTAL HEALTH FACILITY: A mental health facility operated by the state Department of Mental Health and designated by the commissioner to have beds available to receive persons for evaluation, examination, admission, detention, or treatment for the purposes of carrying out the provisions of this article. See Alabama Code 22-52-90
  • STATE HEALTH PLAN: A comprehensive plan, prepared by the State Board of Health and approved or disapproved by the Statewide Health Coordinating Council and which shall include the health systems plans developed by the health systems agencies, for the development of health programs and resources to assure that quality health services will be available and accessible in a manner which assures continuity of care, at reasonable cost, for all residents of the state. See Alabama Code 22-4-2
  • STATE INMATE: A person convicted of a felony. See Alabama Code 15-18-171
  • statement: Spoken words, remarks, comments, publications, opinions, and other expressions delivered orally, in writing, or through websites, blogs, postings to the Internet, emails, texts, or by other electronic means, whether done publicly or privately in one's own name, anonymously, or through the use of a pseudonym. See Alabama Code 8-1-221
  • STATEWIDE HEALTH COORDINATING COUNCIL: The advisory council established pursuant to this article which shall advise the State Board of Health on matters relating to health planning and resource development. See Alabama Code 22-4-2
  • student: Any person attending barber school for the purpose of learning the theories and practice of the barber shop trade and who receives no compensation for so doing. See Alabama Code 45-49-40.01
  • Subpoena duces tecum: A command to a witness to produce documents.
  • subscription: include a mark when the person cannot write, if his name is written near the mark, and witnessed by a person who writes his own name as a witness, and include with respect to corporate securities facsimile signature placed upon any instrument or writing with intent to execute or authenticate such instrument or writing. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • SUBSTANTIAL STOCKHOLDER OR SUBSTANTIAL PARTNER: A stockholder of or partner in the wholesaler who owns an interest of 25 percent or more of the partnership or of the capital stock of a corporate wholesaler. See Alabama Code 45-49-23.01
  • superintendent: The superintendent or director of Bryce Hospital located in Tuscaloosa County, the superintendent or director of Searcy Hospital located in Mobile County or the superintendent or director of any such facility as defined in subdivision (4) of this section. See Alabama Code 22-52-30
  • supplier: A manufacturer or importer of wine licensed by the board. See Alabama Code 45-49-23.01
  • SURPLUS NOTE: An unsecured subordinated debt obligation deemed to be a surplus certificate under terms acceptable to the commissioner. See Alabama Code 27-31B-2
  • taxpayer: Any person liable for taxes under this article. See Alabama Code 9-13-80
  • Temporary restraining order: Prohibits a person from an action that is likely to cause irreparable harm. This differs from an injunction in that it may be granted immediately, without notice to the opposing party, and without a hearing. It is intended to last only until a hearing can be held.
  • Tenancy in common: A type of property ownership in which two or more individuals have an undivided interest in property. At the death of one tenant in common, his (her) fractional percentage of ownership in the property passes to the decedent
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • tests: Written or oral examinations, or both, or other methods established, by rules and regulations of the board or the director, or both, as herein provided, to determine the merit, efficiency, and general fitness of applicants for positions. See Alabama Code 45-49-120
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • TRANSMISSION OF BODY FLUIDS: The transfer of blood, semen, vaginal secretions, or other body fluids identified by the Department of Public Health, from the alleged perpetrator of a crime to the mucous membranes or potentially broken skin of the victim. See Alabama Code 15-23-100
  • True bill: Another word for indictment.
  • Trust account: A general term that covers all types of accounts in a trust department, such as estates, guardianships, and agencies. Source: OCC
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • User fees: Fees charged to users of goods or services provided by the government. In levying or authorizing these fees, the legislature determines whether the revenue should go into the treasury or should be available to the agency providing the goods or services.
  • USER FEES: Fees assessed against an offender under a community punishment and corrections program to help defray the costs of such programs. See Alabama Code 15-18-171
  • Usury: Charging an illegally high interest rate on a loan. Source: OCC
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • Veto: The procedure established under the Constitution by which the President/Governor refuses to approve a bill or joint resolution and thus prevents its enactment into law. A regular veto occurs when the President/Governor returns the legislation to the house in which it originated. The President/Governor usually returns a vetoed bill with a message indicating his reasons for rejecting the measure. In Congress, the veto can be overridden only by a two-thirds vote in both the Senate and the House.
  • victim: A person against whom the criminal offense has been committed, or if the person is killed or incapacitated, the spouse, sibling, parent, child, or guardian of the person, except if the person is in custody for an offense or is the accused. See Alabama Code 15-23-60
  • victim: Any person whom the court determines has suffered a direct or indirect pecuniary damage as a result of the defendant's criminal activities. See Alabama Code 15-18-66
  • victim: A person designated by a court in a restitution order to receive restitution. See Alabama Code 15-18-142
  • victim: A person who suffered serious personal injury or death as a result of criminally injurious conduct. See Alabama Code 15-23-3
  • victim: A person who consults a victim counselor for assistance in overcoming adverse emotional or psychological effects of a sexual assault or family violence. See Alabama Code 15-23-41
  • Victim advocate: work with prosecutors and assist the victims of a crime.
  • VICTIM COUNSELING: Assessment, diagnosis, and treatment to alleviate the adverse emotional or psychological impact of a sexual assault or family violence on the victim. See Alabama Code 15-23-41
  • VICTIM COUNSELING CENTER: A private organization or unit of a government agency which has as one of its primary purposes the treatment of victims for any emotional or psychological condition resulting from a sexual assault or family violence. See Alabama Code 15-23-41
  • VICTIM COUNSELOR: Any employee or supervised volunteer of a victim counseling center or other agency, business, or organization that provides counseling to victims who is not affiliated with a law enforcement agency or a prosecutor's office and whose duties include treating victims for any emotional or psychological condition resulting from a sexual assault or family violence. See Alabama Code 15-23-41
  • Victim Impact Statement: A written or spoken statement by the victim or his or her representative about the physical, emotional, and financial impact of a crime on the victim. The statement is given to the court before sentencing.
  • VICTIM SERVICE OFFICER: A person employed to directly assist crime victims and their families with court attendance, restitution, compensation, property return, victim impact statements, and other needs expressed. See Alabama Code 15-18-171
  • wholesaler: A wholesaler of wine licensed by the board. See Alabama Code 45-49-23.01
  • WITHIN THE COUNTY: A place within the boundaries of the county. See Alabama Code 22-52-90
  • WORK LOSS: Loss of income from work the victim or claimant would have performed if the victim had not been injured or died, reduced by any income from substitute work actually performed by the victim or claimant or by income the victim or claimant would have earned in available appropriate substitute work which he or she was capable of performing but unreasonably failed to undertake. See Alabama Code 15-23-3
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.
  • YOUTHFUL OFFENDER: A person adjudicated as a youthful offender. See Alabama Code 15-18-171