In this article, unless the context otherwise requires:

Terms Used In Arizona Laws 12-2301

  • Action: includes any matter or proceeding in a court, civil or criminal. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Person: includes a corporation, company, partnership, firm, association or society, as well as a natural person. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Property: includes both real and personal property. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.

1. "Advance payment" means any money or other thing of value voluntarily paid or provided before trial, as compensation or reimbursement for damages, to or for the benefit of any person having or asserting a claim for damages for personal injuries or for wrongful death or for damage or destruction of property against the person by whom or on whose behalf such payment is made.

2. "Defendant" means any party defending against a claim asserted against him by another party to an action.

3. "Plaintiff" means any party asserting a claim for damages against another party to an action.