§ 4501 Self-Incrimination
§ 4502 Spouse
§ 4503 Attorney
§ 4504 Physician, Dentist, Podiatrist, Chiropractor and Nurse
§ 4505 Confidential Communication to Clergy Privileged
§ 4506 Eavesdropping Evidence; Admissibility; Motion to Suppress in Certain Cases
§ 4507 Psychologist
§ 4508 Social Worker
§ 4509 Library Records
§ 4510 Rape Crisis Counselor
§ R4511 Judicial Notice of Law
§ 4512 Competency of Interested Witness or Spouse
§ 4513 Competency of Person Convicted of Crime
§ R4514 Impeachment of Witness by Prior Inconsistent Statement
§ R4515 Form of Expert Opinion
§ R4516 Proof of Age of Child
§ R4517 Prior Testimony in a Civil Action
§ R4518 Business Records
§ 4519 Personal Transaction or Communication Between Witness and Decedent or Mentally Ill Person
§ R4520 Certificate or Affidavit of Public Officer
§ R4521 Lack of Record
§ R4522 Ancient Filed Maps, Surveys and Records Affecting Real Property
§ R4523 Search by Title Insurance or Abstract Company
§ R4524 Conveyance of Real Property Without the State
§ R4525 Copies of Statements Under Article Nine of the Uniform Commercial Code
§ R4526 Marriage Certificate
§ 4527 Death or Other Status of Missing Person
§ R4528 Weather Conditions
§ R4529 Inspection Certificate Issued by United States Department of Agriculture
§ 4530 Certificate of Population
§ R4531 Affidavit of Service or Posting Notice by Person Unavailable At Trial
§ R4532 Self-Authentication of Newspapers and Periodicals of General Circulation
§ R4532-A Admissibility of Graphic, Numerical, Symbolic or Pictorial Representations of Medical or Diagnostic Tests
§ 4532-B Enacted Without Section Heading
§ R4533 Market Reports
§ R4533-A Prima Facie Proof of Damages
§ R4533-B Proof of Payment by Joint Tort-Feasor
§ R4534 Standard of Measurement Used by Surveyor
§ R4536 Proof of Writing by Comparison of Handwriting
§ R4537 Proof of Writing Subscribed by Witness
§ R4538 Acknowledged, Proved or Certified Writing; Conveyance of Real Property Without the State
§ R4539 Reproductions of Original
§ R4540 Authentication of Official Record of Court or Government Office in the United States
§ R4540-A Presumption of Authenticity Based On a Party’S Production of Material Authored or Otherwise Created by the Party
§ R4541 Proof of Proceedings Before Justice of the Peace
§ R4542 Proof of Foreign Records and Documents
§ 4543 Proof of Facts or Writing by Methods Other Than Those Authorized in This Article
§ 4544 Contracts in Small Print
§ 4545 Admissibility of Collateral Source of Payment
§ 4546 Loss of Earnings and Impairment of Earning Ability in Actions for Medical, Dental or Podiatric Malpractice
§ 4547 Compromise and Offers to Compromise
§ 4548 Privileged Communications; Electronic Communication Thereof

Terms Used In New York Laws > Civil Practice Law and Rules > Article 45

  • Act: shall mean the Clean Air Act, 42 U. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 72-0301
  • Actual emissions: means the emissions which were emitted to the ambient air, and shall include fugitive emissions if such emissions are considered in determining whether a source is a major air contamination source. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 72-0301
  • Air contamination source: means all sources required to obtain a permit, certificate or approval pursuant to article nineteen of this chapter. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 72-0301
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • Codicil: An addition, change, or supplement to a will executed with the same formalities required for the will itself.
  • Combustion installation: means one or more furnace, device, engine or turbine in which fossil fuel or wood is burned with air or oxygen and the air contaminant emissions include only those products resulting from:

    a. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 72-0301

  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Disposal: means the abandonment, discharge, deposit, injection, dumping, spilling, leaking or placing of any substance so that such substance or any related constituent thereof may enter the environment. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 72-0401
  • Donee: The recipient of a gift.
  • Donor: The person who makes a gift.
  • Emission point: means any conduit, chimney, duct, vent, flue, stack or other functionally equivalent opening through which regulated air contaminants are emitted to the ambient air. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 72-0301
  • Environment: means any water, water vapor, any land including land surface or subsurface, air, fish, wildlife, biota and all other natural resources. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 72-0401
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • facility: means all contiguous land and structures, other appurtenances and improvements on the land, used for treating, storage or disposing of hazardous waste. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 72-0401
  • Facility: means any establishment for which a general permit has been issued pursuant to subdivision six of section 70-0117 of this chapter or any industrial, municipal or private/commercial/institutional (P/C/I) establishment, or any vessel for which a permit is required under titles seven and eight of article seventeen of this chapter. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 72-0601
  • Facility: means any stationary or movable intake mechanism for the withdrawal of fresh water. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 72-0701
  • Facility operator: means the person who is responsible for the operation of a treatment, storage or disposal facility as defined in subdivision sixteen of this section. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 72-0401
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Fugitive emissions: means those emissions of a regulated air contaminant that could not reasonably pass through an emission point. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 72-0301
  • Generator: means any person, by site, whose act or process produces hazardous waste or whose act first causes a hazardous waste to become subject to regulation. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 72-0401
  • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
  • Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • Hazardous waste: means a waste identified or listed as hazardous pursuant to title nine of article twenty-seven of this chapter. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 72-0401
  • Impeachment: (1) The process of calling something into question, as in "impeaching the testimony of a witness." (2) The constitutional process whereby the House of Representatives may "impeach" (accuse of misconduct) high officers of the federal government for trial in the Senate.
  • impoundment: means a facility or part of a facility which is a natural topographical depression, man-made excavation, or diked area formed primarily of earthen materials (although it may be lined with man-made materials), which is designed to hold an accumulation of solid waste in semi-solid or liquid form, and which is not an injection well. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 72-0401
  • Incinerator: means any structure or furnace in which combustion takes place and type 0, 1, 2, 3 or 4 refuse, as classified in Table 1 of 6 NYCRR Appendix 2, is used as a fuel, alone or in conjunction with fossil fuel. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 72-0301
  • Incinerator: means an enclosed device using controlled flame combustion, the primary purpose of which is to thermally break down solid, liquid, or gaseous combustible hazardous wastes, producing residue that contains little or no combustible materials. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 72-0401
  • Listed hazardous waste: means a waste which appears on the list promulgated by the commissioner pursuant to title nine of article twenty-seven of this chapter. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 72-0401
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • Per stirpes: The legal means by which the children of a decedent, upon the death of an ancestor at a level above that of the decedent, receive by right of representation the share of the ancestor
  • Person: means an individual, trust, firm, joint stock company, corporation (including a government corporation), partnership, association, state, federal government and any agency thereof, municipality, commission, political subdivision of a state or any interstate body. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 72-0301
  • Person: means an individual, trust, firm, joint stock company, corporation (including a government corporation), partnership, association, state, federal government and any agency thereof, municipality, commission, political subdivision of a state, or any interstate body. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 72-0401
  • Potential to emit: means the maximum capacity of a stationary source to emit any regulated air contaminant under its physical and operational design. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 72-0301
  • Power plant: means any facility which generates electricity using a steam turbine and generator, which may be fired by coal, oil, natural gas, nuclear energy, or other fuel source. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 72-0601
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • Probate: Proving a will
  • Process air contamination source: means :

    a. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 72-0301

  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • Severe ozone nonattainment area: means that part of the state designated pursuant to section 7407 of the Act as not meeting the national ambient air quality standard for ozone, as classified under section 7511 of the Act. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 72-0301
  • State air quality control program: means those activities of the department as specified in titles three and five of article nineteen of this chapter relating to air pollution and air contamination and any related enforcement activities. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 72-0301
  • Storage: means the containment of hazardous waste, either on a temporary basis or for a period of years, in such a manner as not to constitute disposal of such hazardous waste. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 72-0401
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Testator: A male person who leaves a will at death.
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Treatment: means any method, technique, or process, including neutralization, designed to change the physical, chemical or biological character or composition of any hazardous waste so as to neutralize such waste or as to render such waste nonhazardous, safer for transport, amenable for recovery, amenable for storage, or reduced in volume. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 72-0401
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • Wastewater: means liquid waste that contains:

    a. See N.Y. Environmental Conservation Law 72-0401