Sections
Article 1 Competency of Witnesses 12-2201 – 12-2203
Article 2 Duties and Privileges of Witnesses 12-2211 – 12-2214
Article 3 Oath and Affirmation 12-2221 – 12-2223
Article 4 Privileged Communications 12-2231 – 12-2240
Article 5 Testimony in Actions Involving Executors, Administrators or Guardians 12-2251
Article 6 Documentary Evidence 12-2261 – 12-2266
Article 7.1 Medical Records 12-2291 – 12-2297
Article 8 Evidence of Advance Payment 12-2301 – 12-2302
Article 9 Silent Witness Program Records 12-2311 – 12-2312
Article 10 Health and Safety Audit Privilege 12-2321 – 12-2328

Terms Used In Arizona Laws > Title 12 > Chapter 13

  • Action: includes any matter or proceeding in a court, civil or criminal. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Address: means a mailing address. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Adjourn: A motion to adjourn a legislative chamber or a committee, if passed, ends that day's session.
  • Advance payment: means any money or other thing of value voluntarily paid or provided before trial, as compensation or reimbursement for damages, to or for the benefit of any person having or asserting a claim for damages for personal injuries or for wrongful death or for damage or destruction of property against the person by whom or on whose behalf such payment is made. See Arizona Laws 12-2301
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Agricultural products: includes horticultural, viticultural, forestry, dairy, livestock, poultry, bee and any farm products. See Arizona Laws 10-2001
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Articles of incorporation: means the original or restated articles of incorporation or articles of merger and all amendments to the articles of incorporation or merger and includes amended and restated articles of incorporation and articles of amendment and merger. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Association: means a corporation organized under this article. See Arizona Laws 10-2001
  • Audit report: means an audit report, prepared by an organization, as prescribed by section 12-2322. See Arizona Laws 12-2321
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • Board of directors: means the group of persons vested with the management of the affairs of the corporation irrespective of the name by which the group is designated and includes the governing body or bodies of a water users' association if the articles of incorporation of such water users' association provide for a governing body or bodies denominated other than as a board of directors. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Business trust: means an unincorporated association or trust of the type which at common law was known as a "business trust" or "Massachusetts trust" created by an instrument under which property is held and managed by trustees for the benefit and profit of such persons as are or may become the holders of transferable certificates evidencing beneficial interests in the trust estate. See Arizona Laws 10-1871
  • Bylaws: means the code of rules adopted for the regulation or management of the affairs of the corporation irrespective of the name by which those rules are designated. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Class: refers to a group of memberships that have the same rights with respect to voting, dissolution, redemption and transfer. See Arizona Laws 10-3140
  • Commission: means the Arizona corporation commission. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Contractor: means an agency or service that duplicates medical records on behalf of health care providers. See Arizona Laws 12-2291
  • Cooperative: means a corporation that is organized under this article or that becomes subject to this article in the manner provided in this article. See Arizona Laws 10-2051
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Defendant: means any party defending against a claim asserted against him by another party to an action. See Arizona Laws 12-2301
  • Delegates: means those persons elected or appointed to vote in a representative assembly for the election of a director or directors or on other matters. See Arizona Laws 10-3140
  • Deliver: includes sending by mail, private courier, fax or electronic transmission. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Delivery: means actual receipt by the person or entity to which directed and for electronic transmissions means receipt as described in section 44-7015, subsection B. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Department: means the department of health services. See Arizona Laws 12-2291
  • Department: means the Arizona department of agriculture. See Arizona Laws 3-101
  • Director: means the director of the department. See Arizona Laws 3-101
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Dissolved: means the status of a corporation on either:

    (a) Effectiveness of articles of dissolution pursuant to section 10-1403, subsection B or section 10-1421, subsection B. See Arizona Laws 10-140

  • Distribution: means a direct or indirect transfer of money or other property, except its own shares, or incurrence of indebtedness by a corporation to or for the benefit of its shareholders in respect of any of its shares. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Division: means the animal services division of the Arizona department of agriculture. See Arizona Laws 3-1201
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Executed by the cooperative: means executed by manual or facsimile signature on behalf of the cooperative by a duly authorized officer or, if the corporation is under the control of a receiver or trustee, by the receiver or trustee. See Arizona Laws 10-2051
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Filing: means the commission completing the following procedure with respect to any document delivered for that purpose:

    (a) Determining that the filing fee requirements of section 10-122 have been satisfied. See Arizona Laws 10-140

  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
  • Grantee: includes every person to whom an estate or interest in real property passes, in or by a deed. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • Health care decision maker: means an individual who is authorized to make health care treatment decisions for the patient, including a parent of a minor or an individual who is authorized pursuant to section 8-514. See Arizona Laws 12-2291
  • Health care provider: means :

    (a) A person who is licensed pursuant to title 32 and who maintains medical records. See Arizona Laws 12-2291

  • Health or safety law: means a federal, state or local statute, rule, regulation or ordinance, or a permit issued under a federal, state or local statute, rule, regulation or ordinance, that relates to occupational health, health or safety. See Arizona Laws 12-2321
  • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
  • Individual: includes the estate of an incompetent or deceased individual. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • Inter vivos: Transfer of property from one living person to another living person.
  • Intestate: Dying without leaving a will.
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Livestock: means cattle, equine, sheep, goats and swine, except feral pigs. See Arizona Laws 3-1201
  • Livestock officer: means an animal health and welfare officer, animal health and welfare inspector or investigator employed by the department. See Arizona Laws 3-1201
  • Magistrate: means an officer having power to issue a warrant for the arrest of a person charged with a public offense and includes the chief justice and justices of the supreme court, judges of the superior court, judges of the court of appeals, justices of the peace and judges of a municipal court. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • marketing contract: means any agreement entered into between an association organized under this article and its members, by the terms of which a subscribing grower, producer, manufacturer, marketer, distributor or seller and all other growers, producers, manufacturers, marketers, distributors or sellers signing similar agreements, agree to sell their products or services, goods for import or export purposes to or through such association. See Arizona Laws 10-2001
  • Medical records: means all communications related to a patient's physical or mental health or condition that are recorded in any form or medium and that are maintained for purposes of patient diagnosis or treatment, including medical records that are prepared by a health care provider or by other providers. See Arizona Laws 12-2291
  • Member: means , without regard to what a person is called in the articles of incorporation or bylaws, any person or persons who, pursuant to a provision of a corporation's articles of incorporation or bylaws, have the right to vote for the election of a director or directors. See Arizona Laws 10-3140
  • Member: includes members of associations. See Arizona Laws 10-2001
  • Membership: refers to the rights and obligations a member or members have pursuant to a corporation's articles of incorporation and bylaws and chapters 24 through 40 of this title. See Arizona Laws 10-3140
  • Minor: means a person under the age of eighteen years. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Newspaper: has the meaning set forth in section 39-201. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Oath: includes an affirmation or declaration. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • Organization: means a public or private company, corporation, political subdivision organized under title 48 of this code, firm, enterprise or institution, or any part or combination of these entities, whether incorporated or not, that has its own functions and administration. See Arizona Laws 12-2321
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Payment records: means all communications related to payment for a patient's health care that contain individually identifiable information. See Arizona Laws 12-2291
  • Person: means a natural person, firm, association, corporation, business trust, partnership, federal agency, state or political subdivision or agency of a state or any body politic. See Arizona Laws 10-2051
  • Person: means an individual, employee, officer, managing body, trust, firm, joint stock company, consortium, public or private corporation, including a government corporation, partnership, association, state, political subdivision of this state or commission or the United States government, a federal facility, an interstate body or any other entity. See Arizona Laws 12-2321
  • Person: includes an individual and entity. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Plaintiff: means any party asserting a claim for damages against another party to an action. See Arizona Laws 12-2301
  • Population: means the population according to the most recent United States decennial census. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • President: means that officer designated as the president in the articles of incorporation or bylaws or, if not so designated, that officer authorized in the articles of incorporation, bylaws or otherwise to perform the functions of the chief executive officer, irrespective of the name by which designated. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Principal office: means the office, in or out of this state, so designated in the annual report where the principal executive offices of a domestic or foreign corporation are located or in any other document executed by the corporation by an officer and delivered to the commission for filing. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Process: means a citation, writ or summons issued in the course of judicial proceedings. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Regulated facility or operation: means a facility or operation that is regulated under a health or safety law. See Arizona Laws 12-2321
  • Secretary: means that officer designated as the secretary in the articles of incorporation or bylaws or that officer authorized in the articles of incorporation, the bylaws or otherwise to perform the functions of secretary, irrespective of the name by which designated. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • Shares: means the units into which the proprietary interests in a corporation are divided. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Source data: means information that is summarized, interpreted or reported in the medical record, including x-rays and other diagnostic images. See Arizona Laws 12-2291
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Testator: A male person who leaves a will at death.
  • Testify: includes every manner of oral statement under oath or affirmation. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Treasurer: means that officer designated as the treasurer in the articles of incorporation or bylaws or that officer authorized in the articles of incorporation or bylaws or otherwise to perform the functions of treasurer, irrespective of the name by which designated. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • trustees: means individuals, designated in the articles of incorporation or bylaws or elected by the incorporators, and their successors and individuals elected or appointed by any other name or title to act as members of the board. See Arizona Laws 10-3140
  • United States: includes a district, authority, bureau, commission and department and any other agency of the United States. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Vice-president: means an officer designated as the vice-president in the articles of incorporation or bylaws or an officer authorized in the articles of incorporation, the bylaws or otherwise to perform the functions of a vice-president, irrespective of the name by which designated. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Victim advocate: work with prosecutors and assist the victims of a crime.
  • Vote: includes authorization by written ballot and written consent. See Arizona Laws 10-3140
  • Writing: includes printing. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • written: includes blockchain technology as defined in section 44-7061. See Arizona Laws 10-140