A. A person who is found guilty except insane pursuant to section 13-502 shall be committed to a secure state mental health facility under the department of health services for a period of treatment.

Terms Used In Arizona Laws 13-3994

  • Act: means a bodily movement. See Arizona Laws 13-105
  • Action: includes any matter or proceeding in a court, civil or criminal. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Conduct: means an act or omission and its accompanying culpable mental state. See Arizona Laws 13-105
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • including: means not limited to and is not a term of exclusion. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Peace officer: means any person vested by law with a duty to maintain public order and make arrests and includes a constable. See Arizona Laws 13-105
  • Person: means a human being and, as the context requires, an enterprise, a public or private corporation, an unincorporated association, a partnership, a firm, a society, a government, a governmental authority or an individual or entity capable of holding a legal or beneficial interest in property. See Arizona Laws 13-105
  • Physical injury: means the impairment of physical condition. See Arizona Laws 13-105
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.

B. If the criminal act of the person committed pursuant to subsection A of this section did not cause the death or serious physical injury of or the threat of death or serious physical injury to another person, the court shall set a hearing date within seventy-five days after the person’s commitment to determine if the person is entitled to release from confinement or if the person meets the standards for civil commitment pursuant to title 36, chapter 5.  The court shall notify the medical director of the mental health facility, the attorney general, the county attorney, the victim and the attorney representing the person, if any, of the date of the hearing. Fourteen days before the hearing the director of the mental health facility shall submit to the court a report addressing the person’s mental health and dangerousness.

C. At a hearing held pursuant to subsection B of this section:

1. If the person proves by clear and convincing evidence that the person no longer suffers from a mental disease or defect and is not dangerous, the court shall order the person’s release and the person’s commitment ordered pursuant to section 13-502, subsection D shall terminate. Before determining to release a person pursuant to this paragraph, the court shall consider the entire criminal history of the person and shall not order the person’s release if the court determines that the person has a propensity to reoffend.

2. If the court finds that the person still suffers from a mental disease or defect, may present a threat of danger to self or others, has a grave, persistent or acute disability or has a propensity to reoffend, it shall order the county attorney to institute civil commitment proceedings pursuant to title 36 and the person’s commitment ordered pursuant to section 13-502, subsection D shall terminate.

D. If the court finds that the criminal act of the person committed pursuant to subsection A of this section caused the death or serious physical injury of or the threat of death or serious physical injury to another person, the court shall place the person under the jurisdiction of the psychiatric security review board. The court shall state the beginning date, length and ending date of the board’s jurisdiction over the person. The length of the board’s jurisdiction over the person is equal to the sentence the person could have received pursuant to section 13-707 or section 13-751, subsection A or the presumptive sentence the defendant could have received pursuant to section 13-702, subsection D, section 13-703, section 13-704, section 13-705, section 13-706, subsection A, section 13-710 or section 13-1406.  In making this determination the court shall not consider the sentence enhancements for prior convictions under section 13-703 or 13-704. The court shall retain jurisdiction of all matters that are not specifically delegated to the psychiatric security review board for the duration of the presumptive sentence.

E. A person who is placed under the jurisdiction of the psychiatric security review board pursuant to subsection D of this section is not eligible for discharge from the board’s jurisdiction until the board’s jurisdiction over the person expires.

F. A person who is placed under the jurisdiction of the psychiatric security review board pursuant to subsection D of this section is not entitled to a hearing before the board earlier than one hundred twenty days after the person’s initial commitment. A request for a subsequent release hearing may be made pursuant to subsection H of this section. After the hearing, the board may take one of the following actions:

1. If the psychiatric security review board finds that the person still suffers from a mental disease or defect and is dangerous, the board shall order that the person remain committed at the secure state mental health facility.

2. If the person proves by clear and convincing evidence that the person no longer suffers from a mental disease or defect and is not dangerous, the psychiatric security review board shall order the person’s release.  The person shall remain under the jurisdiction of the board.  Before determining to release a person pursuant to this paragraph, the board shall consider the entire criminal history of the person and shall not order the person’s release if the board determines that the person has a propensity to reoffend.

3. If the psychiatric security review board finds that the person still suffers from a mental disease or defect or that the mental disease or defect is in stable remission but the person is no longer dangerous, the board shall order the person’s conditional release. The person shall remain under the board’s jurisdiction. The board in conjunction with the state mental health facility and behavioral health community providers shall specify the conditions of the person’s release. The board shall continue to monitor and supervise a person who is released conditionally. Before the conditional release of a person, a supervised treatment plan shall be in place, including the necessary funding to implement the plan.

4. If the person is sentenced pursuant to section 13-704, section 13-710 or section 13-751, subsection A and the psychiatric security review board finds that the person no longer needs ongoing treatment for a mental disease and the person is dangerous or has a propensity to reoffend, the board shall order the person to be transferred to the state department of corrections for the remainder of the sentence imposed pursuant to section 13-502, subsection D. The board shall consider the safety and protection of the public.

G. Within twenty days after the psychiatric security review board orders a person to be transferred to the state department of corrections, the person may file a petition for a judicial determination. The person shall serve a copy of the request on the attorney general.  If the person files a petition for a judicial determination, the person shall remain in a state mental health facility pending the result of the judicial determination. The person requesting the judicial determination has the burden of proving the issues by clear and convincing evidence.  The judicial determination is limited to the following issues:

1. Whether the person no longer needs ongoing treatment for a mental disease.

2. Whether the person is dangerous or has a propensity to reoffend.

H. A person who is placed under the jurisdiction of the psychiatric security review board pursuant to subsection D of this section may not seek a new release hearing earlier than twenty months after a prior release hearing, except that the medical director of the state mental health facility may request a new release hearing for a person under the jurisdiction of the psychiatric security review board at any time. The person shall not be held in confinement for more than two years without a hearing before the board to determine if the person should be released or conditionally released.

I. At any hearing for release or conditional release pursuant to this section:

1. Public safety and protection are primary.

2. The applicant has the burden of proof by clear and convincing evidence.

J. At least fifteen days before a hearing is scheduled to consider a person’s release, or before the expiration of the board’s jurisdiction over the person, the state mental health facility or supervising agency shall submit to the psychiatric security review board a report on the person’s mental health. The psychiatric security review board shall determine whether to release the person or to order the county attorney to institute civil commitment proceedings pursuant to title 36.

K. The procedures for civil commitment govern the continued commitment of the person after the expiration of the jurisdiction of the psychiatric security review board.

L. Before a person is released or conditionally released, at least three of the five psychiatric security review board members shall vote for the release or conditional release.

M. If at any time while the person remains under the jurisdiction of the psychiatric security review board it appears to the board, the chairman or vice-chairman of the board or the medical director of the state mental health facility that the person has failed to comply with the terms of the person’s conditional release or that the mental health of the person has deteriorated, the board or the chairman or vice-chairman of the board for good cause or the medical director of the state mental health facility may order that the person be returned to a secure state mental health facility for evaluation or treatment. A written order of the board, the chairman or vice-chairman of the board or the medical director is sufficient warrant for any law enforcement officer to take the person into custody and to transport the person accordingly. Any sheriff or other peace officer shall execute the order and shall immediately notify the board of the person’s return to the facility.  Within twenty days after the person’s return to a secure state mental health facility the board shall conduct a hearing and shall give notice within five days before the hearing of the time and place of the hearing to the person, the victim, the attorney representing the person, the county attorney and the attorney general.

N. The director of a facility that is providing treatment to a person on conditional release or any other person who is responsible for the supervision of the person may take the person or request that the person be taken into custody if there is reasonable cause to believe that the person’s mental health has deteriorated to the point that the person’s conditional release should be revoked and that the person is in need of immediate care, custody or treatment or that deterioration is likely because of noncompliance with a treatment program. A person who is taken into custody pursuant to this subsection shall be transported immediately to a secure state mental health facility and shall have the same rights as any person appearing before the psychiatric security review board.

O. Before the initial hearing or any other hearing before the psychiatric security review board on the release or conditional release of the person, the person, the attorney who is representing the person and the attorney general or county attorney who is representing the state may choose a psychiatrist licensed pursuant to title 32, chapter 13 or 17 or a psychologist licensed pursuant to title 32, chapter 19.1 to examine the person.  All costs in connection with the examination shall be approved and paid by the county of the sentencing court. The written examination results shall be filed with the board and shall include an opinion as to:

1. The mental condition of the person.

2. Whether the person is dangerous.

P. Notwithstanding subsection O of this section, the board or the chairman of the board for good cause may order an independent mental health evaluation by a psychiatrist licensed pursuant to title 32, chapter 13 or 17 or a psychologist licensed pursuant to title 32, chapter 19.1. The written examination results shall be filed with the board pursuant to subsection O of this section.

Q. If a person is found guilty except insane pursuant to section 13-502, the department of health services shall assume custody of the person within ten days after receiving the order committing the person pursuant to subsection A of this section.  The Arizona state hospital shall collect census data for guilty except insane treatment programs to establish maximum capacity and the allocation formula required pursuant to section 36-206, subsection D.  If the Arizona state hospital reaches its funded capacity for forensic programs, the department of health services may defer the admission of the person found guilty except insane for up to an additional twenty days. The department of health services shall reimburse the county for the actual costs of each day the admission is deferred. If the department of health services is not able to admit the person found guilty except insane at the conclusion of the twenty day deferral period, the department of health services shall notify the sentencing court, the prosecutor and the defense counsel of this fact.  On receipt of this notification, the prosecutor or the person’s defense counsel may request a hearing to determine the likely length of time admission will continue to be deferred and whether any other action should be taken. On receipt of the request for hearing, the court shall set a hearing within ten days.

R. For the purposes of this section, "state mental health facility" means a secure state mental health facility under the department of health services.