A. If the court finds that a defendant is incompetent to stand trial and that there is no substantial probability that the defendant will regain competency within twenty-one months after the date of the original finding of incompetency, any party may request that the court:

Terms Used In Arizona Laws 13-4517

  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • including: means not limited to and is not a term of exclusion. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Incompetent to stand trial: means that as a result of a mental illness, defect or disability a defendant is unable to understand the nature and object of the proceeding or to assist in the defendant's defense. See Arizona Laws 6-412
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings.
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.

1. Remand the defendant to an evaluating agency for the institution of civil commitment proceedings pursuant to title 36, chapter 5. If the defendant is remanded, the prosecutor shall file a petition for evaluation and provide any known criminal history for the defendant.

2. Appoint a guardian pursuant to title 14, chapter 5.

3. Release the defendant from custody and dismiss the charges against the defendant without prejudice.

B. If the court enters an order pursuant to subsection A, paragraph 1 or 2 of this section, the court may also order an assessment of the defendant’s eligibility for private insurance or public benefits that may be applied to the expenses of the defendant’s medically necessary maintenance and treatment, including services pursuant to title 36, chapter 29, state-only behavioral health services, title xviii services and medicare part D prescription drug benefits, supplemental security income and supplemental security disability income.

C. The court may retain jurisdiction over the defendant until the defendant is committed for treatment pursuant to title 36, chapter 5 or a guardian is appointed pursuant to title 14, chapter 5.

D. If the court remands the defendant for the institution of civil commitment proceedings pursuant to title 36, chapter 5 and the court is notified that the defendant has not had a civil commitment evaluation, the court, if it has retained jurisdiction, may order the sheriff to take the defendant into custody so that the court may explore options pursuant to subsection A, paragraph 2 or 3 of this section.

E. If the court is notified that the defendant has not been ordered into treatment pursuant to title 36, chapter 5 and the court has retained jurisdiction, the court may order the sheriff to take the defendant into custody so that the court may explore options pursuant to subsection A, paragraph 2 or 3 of this section.