A. A person has control of a transferable record if a system employed for evidencing the transfer of interests in the transferable record reliably establishes that person as the person to which the transferable record was issued or transferred.
Terms Used In Arizona Laws 44-7016
- Electronic: means relating to technology that has electrical, digital, magnetic, wireless, optical or electromagnetic capabilities or similar capabilities. See Arizona Laws 44-7002
- Electronic record: means a record that is created, generated, sent, communicated, received or stored by electronic means. See Arizona Laws 44-7002
- including: means not limited to and is not a term of exclusion. See Arizona Laws 1-215
- Issuer: means any person who issues or proposes to issue any security, except:
(a) With respect to certificates of deposit, voting-trust certificates, collateral-trust certificates, certificates of interest or shares in an unincorporated investment trust, whether or not of the fixed, restricted management or unit type, issuer means the person or persons performing the acts and assuming the duties of depositor or manager pursuant to the provisions of the trust or other agreement or instrument under which such securities are issued. See Arizona Laws 44-1801
- Person: means an individual, corporation, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, limited liability company, association, joint venture, governmental agency or public corporation or any other legal or commercial entity. See Arizona Laws 44-7002
- Record: means information that is inscribed on a tangible medium or that is stored in an electronic or other medium and that is retrievable in perceivable form. See Arizona Laws 44-7002
- Writing: includes printing. See Arizona Laws 1-215
B. A system complies with subsection A and a person has control of a transferable record if the transferable record is created, stored and assigned in such a manner that all of the following are true:
1. A single authoritative copy of the transferable record exists that is unique, identifiable and, except as otherwise provided in paragraphs 4, 5 and 6 of this subsection, unalterable.
2. The authoritative copy identifies the person asserting control as either:
(a) The person to which the transferable record was issued.
(b) If the authoritative copy indicates that the transferable record has been transferred, the person to which the transferable record was most recently transferred.
3. The authoritative copy is communicated to and maintained by the person asserting control or the person’s designated custodian.
4. Copies or revisions that add or change an identified assignee of the authoritative copy can be made only with the consent of the person asserting control.
5. Each copy of the authoritative copy and any copy of a copy is readily identifiable as a copy that is not the authoritative copy.
6. Any revision of the authoritative copy is readily identifiable as authorized or unauthorized.
C. Except as otherwise agreed, a person that has control of a transferable record is the holder as defined in section 47-1201 of the transferable record and has the same rights and defenses as a holder of an equivalent record or writing pursuant to title 47 including, if the applicable requirements under section 47-3302, subsection A or section 47-7501 or 47-9308 are satisfied, the rights and defenses of a holder in due course, a holder to which a negotiable document of title has been duly negotiated or a purchaser, respectively. Delivery, possession and indorsement are not required to obtain or exercise any of the rights under this subsection.
D. Except as otherwise agreed, an obligor under a transferable record has the same rights and defenses as an equivalent obligor under equivalent records or writings under title 47.
E. If requested by a person against which enforcement is sought, the person seeking to enforce the transferable record shall provide reasonable proof that the person is in control of the transferable record. Proof may include access to the authoritative copy of the transferable record and related business records that are sufficient to review the terms of the transferable record and to establish the identity of the person that has control of the transferable record.
F. For the purposes of this section, "transferable record" means an electronic record that both:
2. The issuer has expressly agreed the electronic record is a transferable record.