Sections
Article 1 General Provisions 10-2201 – 10-2202
Article 2 Creation 10-2210 – 10-2215
Article 3 Shares 10-2220 – 10-2228
Article 4 Governance 10-2230 – 10-2234
Article 5 Reorganization and Termination 10-2240 – 10-2242
Article 6 Foreign Professional Corporations 10-2244 – 10-2246
Article 8 Transition Provisions 10-2249

Terms Used In Arizona Laws > Title 10 > Chapter 20 - Professional Corporations

  • Abuse: means the infliction or allowing of physical injury, impairment of bodily function or disfigurement or the infliction of or allowing another person to cause serious emotional damage as evidenced by severe anxiety, depression, withdrawal or untoward aggressive behavior and which emotional damage is diagnosed by a medical doctor or psychologist and is caused by the acts or omissions of an individual who has the care, custody and control of a child. See Arizona Laws 8-201
  • Accessory structure: means the installation, assembly, connection or construction of any one-story habitable room, storage room, patio, porch, garage, carport, awning, skirting, retaining wall, evaporative cooler, refrigeration air conditioning system, solar system or wood decking attached to a new or used manufactured home, mobile home or residential single family factory-built building. See Arizona Laws 41-4001
  • Act: means the national manufactured housing construction and safety standards act of 1974 and title VI of the housing and community development act of 1974 (P. See Arizona Laws 41-4001
  • Action: includes any matter or proceeding in a court, civil or criminal. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Adult: means a person who has attained eighteen years of age. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Agency: means any department, office, agency, commission, board or other instrumentality of this state specified in article 2 of this chapter regardless of whether monies are appropriated to such board. See Arizona Laws 41-2952
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • Alteration: means the replacement, addition, modification or removal of any equipment or installation after the sale by a manufacturer to a dealer or distributor but before the sale by a dealer to a purchaser, which may affect compliance with the standards, construction, fire safety, occupancy, plumbing or heat-producing or electrical system. See Arizona Laws 41-4001
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Amortization: Paying off a loan by regular installments.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Architect services: means those professional architect services that are within the scope of architectural practice as provided in Title 32, Chapter 1. See Arizona Laws 41-2503
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Articles of incorporation: means the original or restated articles of incorporation or articles of merger and all amendments to the articles of incorporation or merger and includes amended and restated articles of incorporation and articles of amendment and merger. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • Bequest: Property gifted by will.
  • Board: means the board of manufactured housing. See Arizona Laws 41-4001
  • Broker: means any person who acts as an agent for the sale or exchange of a used manufactured home or mobile home except as exempted in section 41-4028. See Arizona Laws 41-4001
  • Business: means any corporation, partnership, individual, sole proprietorship, joint stock company, joint venture or other private legal entity. See Arizona Laws 41-2503
  • Bylaws: means the code of rules adopted for the regulation or management of the affairs of the corporation irrespective of the name by which those rules are designated. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Certificate: means a numbered or serialized label or seal that is issued by the director as certification of compliance with this chapter. See Arizona Laws 41-4001
  • Certificate of disclosure: means the certificate of disclosure described in section 10-202. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Change order: means a written order that is signed by a procurement officer and that directs the contractor to make changes that the changes clause of the contract authorizes the procurement officer to order. See Arizona Laws 41-2503
  • Closed construction: means any building, building component, assembly or system manufactured in such a manner that concealed parts or processes of manufacture cannot be inspected before installation at the building site without disassembly, damage or destruction. See Arizona Laws 41-4001
  • Commercial: means a building with a use-occupancy classification other than single-family dwelling. See Arizona Laws 41-4001
  • Commission: means the Arizona corporation commission. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Committee: means the joint legislative audit committee. See Arizona Laws 41-2952
  • Committee of reference: means the appropriate standing committee of the house of representatives or senate that is appointed for the purpose of evaluating agencies subject to termination pursuant to this chapter. See Arizona Laws 41-2952
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Competitive government process: means the process, as developed by the governor's office of management and budget, designed to standardize the methodology for how the state identifies and evaluates state functions to determine if future competitive contracting with the private sector and other state agencies is in the best interest of this state. See Arizona Laws 41-2771
  • Competitive government program: means the program, as developed by the governor's office of management and budget, designed to manage the process of introducing private sector and interagency competition into the delivery of state goods and services. See Arizona Laws 41-2771
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Component: means any part, material or appliance that is built-in as an integral part of the unit during the manufacturing process. See Arizona Laws 41-4001
  • Construction services: means either of the following for construction-manager-at-risk, design-build and job-order-contracting project delivery methods:

    (a) Construction, excluding services, through the construction-manager-at-risk or job-order-contracting project delivery methods. See Arizona Laws 41-2503

  • Construction-manager-at-risk: means a project delivery method in which:

    (a) There is a separate contract for design services and a separate contract for construction services, except that instead of a single contract for construction services, the purchasing agency may elect separate contracts for preconstruction services during the design phase, for construction during the construction phase and for any other construction services. See Arizona Laws 41-2503

  • Consumer: means either a purchaser or seller of a unit regulated by this chapter who utilizes the services of a person licensed by the department. See Arizona Laws 41-4001
  • Consummation of sale: means that a purchaser has received all goods and services that the dealer or broker agreed to provide at the time the contract was entered into, the transfer of title or the filing of an affidavit of affixture, if applicable, to the sale. See Arizona Laws 41-4001
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Contract: means all types of state agreements, regardless of what they may be called, for the procurement of materials, services, construction, construction services or the disposal of materials. See Arizona Laws 41-2503
  • Contract modification: means any written alteration in the terms and conditions of any contract accomplished by mutual action of the parties to the contract. See Arizona Laws 41-2503
  • Contractor: means any person who has a contract with a state governmental unit. See Arizona Laws 41-2503
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Cooperative purchasing: means procurement conducted by, or on behalf of, more than one public procurement unit. See Arizona Laws 41-2631
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Cost: means the aggregate cost of all materials and services, including labor performed by force account. See Arizona Laws 41-2571
  • Council: means the Arizona grain research and promotion council. See Arizona Laws 3-581
  • Council: means the citrus, fruit and vegetable advisory council. See Arizona Laws 3-527
  • Court: means the superior court of this state. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Data: means documented information, regardless of form or characteristic. See Arizona Laws 41-2503
  • Dealer: means any person who sells, exchanges, buys, offers or attempts to negotiate or acts as an agent for the sale or exchange of factory-built buildings, manufactured homes or mobile homes except as exempted in section 41-4028. See Arizona Laws 41-4001
  • Defect: means any defect in the performance, construction, components or material of a unit that renders the unit or any part of the unit unfit for the ordinary use for which it was intended. See Arizona Laws 41-4001
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Delinquent act: means an act by a juvenile that if committed by an adult would be a criminal offense or a petty offense, a violation of any law of this state, or of another state if the act occurred in that state, or a law of the United States, or a violation of any law that can only be violated by a minor and that has been designated as a delinquent offense, or any ordinance of a city, county or political subdivision of this state defining crime. See Arizona Laws 8-201
  • Delinquent juvenile: means a child who is adjudicated to have committed a delinquent act. See Arizona Laws 8-201
  • Deliver: includes sending by mail, private courier, fax or electronic transmission. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Demonstration project: means a project in which a vendor supplies a service or material to this state for which the state does not pay but for which this state may be obligated to provide routine support such as utility cost and operating personnel. See Arizona Laws 41-2531
  • Department: means the department of juvenile corrections. See Arizona Laws 41-2801
  • Department: means the Arizona department of agriculture. See Arizona Laws 3-101
  • Department: means the Arizona department of housing. See Arizona Laws 41-4001
  • Department: means the Arizona department of housing. See Arizona Laws 41-3951
  • Department: means the department of child safety. See Arizona Laws 8-201
  • Department: means the department of administration. See Arizona Laws 41-2503
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Design professional: means an individual or firm that is registered by the state board of technical registration pursuant to Title 32, Chapter 1 to practice architecture, engineering, geology, landscape architecture or land surveying or any combination of those professions and any person employed by the registered individual or firm. See Arizona Laws 41-2503
  • Design professional service contract: means a written agreement relating to the planning, design, construction administration, study, evaluation, consulting, inspection, surveying, mapping, material sampling, testing or other professional, scientific or technical services furnished in connection with any actual or proposed study, planning, survey, environmental remediation, construction, improvement, alteration, repair, maintenance, relocation, moving, demolition or excavation of a structure, street or roadway, appurtenance, facility or development or other improvement to land. See Arizona Laws 41-2571
  • Design professional services: means architect services, engineer services, land surveying services, geologist services or landscape architect services or any combination of those services performed by or under the supervision of a design professional or employees or subconsultants of the design professional. See Arizona Laws 41-2571
  • Design services: means architect services, engineer services or landscape architect services. See Arizona Laws 41-2503
  • Design-bid-build: means a project delivery method in which:

    (a) There is a sequential award of two separate contracts. See Arizona Laws 41-2503

  • Design-build: means a project delivery method in which:

    (a) There is a single contract for design services and construction services, except that instead of a single contract for design services and construction services, the purchasing agency may elect separate contracts for preconstruction services and design services during the design phase, for construction and design services during the construction phase and for any other construction services. See Arizona Laws 41-2503

  • Designee: means a duly authorized representative of the director. See Arizona Laws 41-2503
  • Detention: means the temporary confinement of a juvenile who requires secure care in a physically restricting facility that is completely surrounded by a locked and physically secure barrier with restricted ingress and egress for the protection of the juvenile or the community pending court disposition or as a condition of probation. See Arizona Laws 8-201
  • Director: means the director of the department of juvenile corrections. See Arizona Laws 41-2801
  • Director: means the director of the department. See Arizona Laws 41-4001
  • Director: means the director of the Arizona department of housing. See Arizona Laws 41-3951
  • Director: means the director of the department. See Arizona Laws 8-201
  • Director: means the director of the Arizona department of agriculture. See Arizona Laws 3-527
  • Director: means the director of the department of administration. See Arizona Laws 41-2503
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Disqualified person: means an individual or entity that is not or ceases to be a qualified person. See Arizona Laws 10-2201
  • disqualified shareholder: means a shareholder described in subsection 10-2223, subsection A, paragraph 1 or 2 or the legal representative of that shareholder. See Arizona Laws 10-2228
  • domestic professional corporation: means a corporation for profit that is not a foreign professional corporation and that is incorporated under or subject to this chapter. See Arizona Laws 10-2201
  • Earnest monies: means all monies given by a purchaser or a financial institution to a dealer or broker before consummation of the sale. See Arizona Laws 41-4001
  • Educational system: means the state educational system for committed youth. See Arizona Laws 41-2801
  • Embezzlement: In most states, embezzlement is defined as theft/larceny of assets (money or property) by a person in a position of trust or responsibility over those assets. Embezzlement typically occurs in the employment and corporate settings. Source: OCC
  • Employee: means an individual drawing a salary from a state governmental unit, whether elected or not, and any noncompensated individual performing personal services for any state governmental unit. See Arizona Laws 41-2503
  • Engineer services: means those professional engineer services that are within the scope of engineering practice as provided in title 32, chapter 1. See Arizona Laws 41-2503
  • Entity: includes a corporation, foreign corporation, not for profit corporation, profit and not for profit unincorporated association, nonprofit corporation, close corporation, corporation sole or limited liability company, a professional corporation, association or limited liability company, a business trust, estate, partnership, registered limited liability partnership, trust or joint venture, two or more persons having a joint or common economic interest, any person other than an individual and a state, the United States and a foreign government. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • External procurement activity: means any buying organization not located in this state that would qualify as a public procurement unit. See Arizona Laws 41-2631
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • Filing: means the commission completing the following procedure with respect to any document delivered for that purpose:

    (a) Determining that the filing fee requirements of section 10-122 have been satisfied. See Arizona Laws 10-140

  • Finance services: means financing for a construction services project. See Arizona Laws 41-2503
  • First buyer: means a person, partnership, corporation or cooperative that purchases grain from a producer in the first instance or a public or private lienholder, secured party or pledgee, or assignee of the lienholder, secured party or pledgee, who gains title to the grain from the grower as a result of exercising any legal rights by the lienholder, secured party, pledgee or assignee regardless of when the lien, security interest or pledge was created. See Arizona Laws 3-581
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Food product: includes :

    (a) Every product of the soil in its natural or manufactured state. See Arizona Laws 3-561

  • Foreign professional corporation: means a corporation or association for profit incorporated for the purpose of rendering professional services under a law other than the law of this state. See Arizona Laws 10-2201
  • Forgery: The fraudulent signing or alteration of another's name to an instrument such as a deed, mortgage, or check. The intent of the forgery is to deceive or defraud. Source: OCC
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Function: means a good or service that is provided through the direct efforts of state employees. See Arizona Laws 41-2771
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Governing board: means the Arizona board of regents for the universities or any community college district governing board. See Arizona Laws 41-2751
  • Government certification: means a voluntary program in which this state grants nontransferable recognition to an individual who meets personal qualifications that are established by law. See Arizona Laws 41-3501
  • Government registration: means a requirement to give notice to the government, which may include the individual's name and address, the individual's agent for service of process, the location of the activity to be performed and a description of the service the individual provides. See Arizona Laws 41-3501
  • Grain: means the seed of barley and wheat of all classes produced for use as food, feed or seed or produced for any industrial or commercial use. See Arizona Laws 3-581
  • Grant: means the furnishing of financial or other assistance, including state funds or federal grant funds, by any state governmental unit to any person for the purpose of supporting or stimulating educational, cultural, social or economic quality of life. See Arizona Laws 41-2503
  • Grant: means the furnishing of financial or other assistance, including state funds or federal grant funds, by any state governmental unit to any person for the purpose of supporting or stimulating educational, cultural, social or economic quality of life. See Arizona Laws 41-2701
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • HUD: means the United States department of housing and urban development. See Arizona Laws 41-4001
  • Imminent safety hazard: means an imminent and unreasonable risk of death or severe personal injury. See Arizona Laws 41-4001
  • Incorrigible child: means a child who:

    (a) Is adjudicated as a child who refuses to obey the reasonable and proper orders or directions of a parent, guardian or custodian and who is beyond the control of that person. See Arizona Laws 8-201

  • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
  • Individual: includes the estate of an incompetent or deceased individual. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Information services: means data processing, telecommunications and office systems technologies and services. See Arizona Laws 41-2671
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • Installation: means :

    (a) Connecting new or used mobile homes, manufactured homes or factory-built buildings to on-site utility terminals or repairing these utility connections. See Arizona Laws 41-4001

  • Installer: means any person who engages in the business of performing installations of manufactured homes, mobile homes or residential single family factory-built buildings. See Arizona Laws 41-4001
  • Internet: means the international computer network of both federal and nonfederal interoperable packet switched data networks, including the graphical subnetwork called the world wide web. See Arizona Laws 41-2671
  • Invitation for bids: means all documents, whether attached or incorporated by reference, which are used for soliciting bids in accordance with the procedures prescribed in section 41-2533. See Arizona Laws 41-2531
  • Invited guests: means persons who enter onto a campus for an educational, research or public service activity and not primarily to purchase or receive goods and services not related to the educational, research or public service activity for which such persons enter onto the campus. See Arizona Laws 41-2751
  • Job-order-contracting: means a project delivery method in which:

    (a) The contract is a requirements contract for indefinite quantities of construction. See Arizona Laws 41-2503

  • juvenile: means an individual who is under the age of eighteen years. See Arizona Laws 8-201
  • Juvenile court: means the juvenile division of the superior court when exercising its jurisdiction over children in any proceeding relating to delinquency, dependency or incorrigibility. See Arizona Laws 8-201
  • Known place of business: means the known place of business required to be maintained pursuant to section 10-501. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Landscape architect services: means those professional landscape architect services that are within the scope of landscape architectural practice as provided in Title 32, Chapter 1. See Arizona Laws 41-2503
  • Lawful occupation: means a course of conduct, pursuit or profession that includes the sale of goods or services that are not themselves illegal to sell, irrespective of whether the individual selling them is subject to occupational regulation. See Arizona Laws 41-3501
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Legislative session: That part of a chamber's daily session in which it considers legislative business (bills, resolutions, and actions related thereto).
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • licensed: means any license, authorization, certificate, registration, certificate of registration, membership or other evidence of the satisfaction of the requirements of this state for the practice of a professional service. See Arizona Laws 10-2201
  • Licensing authority: means the officer, board, agency, court or other authority in this state empowered by law to license or otherwise authorize the rendition of a professional service. See Arizona Laws 10-2201
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Listing agreement: means a document that contains the name and address of the seller, the year, manufacturer and serial number of the listed unit, the beginning and ending dates of the time period that the agreement is in force, the name of the lender and lien amount, if applicable, the price the seller is requesting for the unit, the commission to be paid to the licensee and the signatures of the sellers and the licensee who obtains the listing. See Arizona Laws 41-4001
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • Local enforcement agency: means a zoning or building department of a city, town or county or its agents. See Arizona Laws 41-4001
  • Local public procurement unit: means any political subdivision, any agency, board, department or other instrumentality of such political subdivision and any nonprofit corporation created solely for the purpose of administering a cooperative purchase under this article. See Arizona Laws 41-2631
  • Low and moderate income: means household income that is insufficient to secure decent, safe and sanitary housing provided by private industry without subsidized financing and that is below respective income limits established by the department, taking into consideration such factors as:

    (a) The total income of the household available for housing needs. See Arizona Laws 41-3951

  • Maintenance services: means routine maintenance, repair and replacement of existing facilities, structures, buildings or real property. See Arizona Laws 41-2503
  • Manufactured home: means a structure built in accordance with the act. See Arizona Laws 41-4001
  • Manufacturer: means any person engaged in manufacturing, assembling or reconstructing any unit regulated by this chapter. See Arizona Laws 41-4001
  • Membership: refers to the rights and obligations a member or members have pursuant to a corporation's articles of incorporation and bylaws and chapters 24 through 40 of this title. See Arizona Laws 10-3140
  • Minor: means a person under eighteen years of age. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Minor children: means persons under eighteen years of age. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Mobile home: means a structure built before June 15, 1976, on a permanent chassis, capable of being transported in one or more sections and designed to be used with or without a permanent foundation as a dwelling when connected to on-site utilities. See Arizona Laws 41-4001
  • Month: means a calendar month unless otherwise expressed. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Multistep sealed bidding: means a two phase process consisting of a technical first phase composed of one or more steps in which bidders submit unpriced technical offers to be evaluated by this state and a second phase in which those bidders whose technical offers are determined to be acceptable during the first phase have their price bids considered. See Arizona Laws 41-2531
  • neglected: means :

    (a) The inability or unwillingness of a parent, guardian or custodian of a child to provide that child with supervision, food, clothing, shelter or medical care if that inability or unwillingness causes unreasonable risk of harm to the child's health or welfare, except if the inability of a parent, guardian or custodian to provide services to meet the needs of a child with a disability or chronic illness is solely the result of the unavailability of reasonable services. See Arizona Laws 8-201

  • Nonexpendable materials: means all tangible materials which have an original acquisition cost over an amount set by regulation and a probable useful life of more than one year. See Arizona Laws 41-2601
  • Nonprofit corporation: means any nonprofit corporation as designated by the internal revenue service under section 501(c)(3) through 501(c)(6) or under section 115, if created by two or more local public procurement units, and includes certified nonprofit agencies that serve individuals with disabilities as defined in section 41-2636. See Arizona Laws 41-2631
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • Occupational or professional license: means a nontransferable authorization for an individual to perform exclusively a lawful occupation for compensation based on meeting personal qualifications that are established by law. See Arizona Laws 41-3501
  • Office: means the office of manufactured housing within the department. See Arizona Laws 41-4001
  • Office: means the governor's office of management and budget, established by executive order, or its successor. See Arizona Laws 41-2771
  • On-line bidding: means a procurement process in which public agencies receive vendors' bids for goods, services, construction or information services electronically over the internet in a real-time, competitive bidding event. See Arizona Laws 41-2671
  • Open construction: means any building, building component, assembly or system manufactured in such a manner that all portions can be readily inspected at the building site without disassembly, damage or destruction. See Arizona Laws 41-4001
  • Operations services: means routine operation of existing facilities, structures, buildings or real property. See Arizona Laws 41-2503
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • Owner: means a state purchasing agency or state governmental unit. See Arizona Laws 41-2503
  • Paper: means newspaper, high grade office paper, fine paper, bond paper, offset paper, xerographic paper, duplicator paper and related types of cellulosic material containing not more than ten per cent by weight or volume of noncellulosic material such as laminates, binders, coatings or saturants. See Arizona Laws 41-2531
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Peace officers: means sheriffs of counties, constables, marshals, policemen of cities and towns, commissioned personnel of the department of public safety, personnel who are employed by the state department of corrections and the department of juvenile corrections and who have received a certificate from the Arizona peace officer standards and training board, peace officers who are appointed by a multicounty water conservation district and who have received a certificate from the Arizona peace officer standards and training board, police officers who are appointed by community college district governing boards and who have received a certificate from the Arizona peace officer standards and training board, police officers who are appointed by the Arizona board of regents and who have received a certificate from the Arizona peace officer standards and training board, police officers who are appointed by the governing body of a public airport pursuant to section 28-8426 and who have received a certificate from the Arizona peace officer standards and training board, peace officers who are appointed by a private postsecondary institution pursuant to section 15-1897 and who have received a certificate from the Arizona peace officer standards and training board and special agents from the office of the attorney general, or of a county attorney, and who have received a certificate from the Arizona peace officer standards and training board. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Person: means any corporation, business, individual, union, committee, club, other organization or group of individuals. See Arizona Laws 41-2503
  • Person: means any corporation, business, individual, committee, club or other organization or group of individuals. See Arizona Laws 41-2701
  • Person: includes a corporation, company, partnership, firm, association or society, as well as a natural person. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Person: includes an individual and entity. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Personal qualifications: means criteria that are related to an individual's personal background and characteristics, including completion of an approved educational program, satisfactory performance on an examination, work experience or other evidence of attainment of requisite skills or knowledge, moral character, criminal history and completion of continuing education. See Arizona Laws 41-3501
  • Petition: means a written statement of the essential facts that allege delinquency, incorrigibility or dependency. See Arizona Laws 8-201
  • Population: means the population according to the most recent United States decennial census. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Post-consumer material: means a discard generated by a business or residence that has fulfilled its useful life. See Arizona Laws 41-2531
  • Preconstruction services: means services and other activities during the design phase. See Arizona Laws 41-2503
  • President: means that officer designated as the president in the articles of incorporation or bylaws or, if not so designated, that officer authorized in the articles of incorporation, bylaws or otherwise to perform the functions of the chief executive officer, irrespective of the name by which designated. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Prevention: means the creation of conditions, opportunities and experiences that encourage and develop healthy, self-sufficient children and that occur before the onset of problems. See Arizona Laws 8-201
  • Principal office: means the office, in or out of this state, so designated in the annual report where the principal executive offices of a domestic or foreign corporation are located or in any other document executed by the corporation by an officer and delivered to the commission for filing. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Private certification: means a voluntary program in which a private organization grants nontransferable recognition to an individual who meets personal qualifications that are established by the private organization. See Arizona Laws 41-3501
  • Private enterprise: means an individual, firm, partnership, joint venture, corporation, association or any other legal entity engaging in the manufacturing, processing, sale, offering for sale, rental, leasing, delivery, dispensing, distributing or advertising of goods or services for profit. See Arizona Laws 41-2751
  • Privatization: means the utilization of a private sector entity in the delivery of goods and services currently provided by a state function or program. See Arizona Laws 41-2771
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Probation officers: Screen applicants for pretrial release and monitor convicted offenders released under court supervision.
  • Proceeding: includes a civil suit and a criminal, administrative and investigatory action. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Process: means a citation, writ or summons issued in the course of judicial proceedings. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Producer: means a person, partnership, corporation or cooperative in this state that produces and sells grain in commercial channels. See Arizona Laws 3-581
  • Producer: includes owners, proprietors or tenants of agricultural lands, orchards, farms and gardens where food products are grown, raised or prepared for market. See Arizona Laws 3-561
  • Professional service: means a service that may be lawfully rendered only by a person licensed or otherwise authorized by a licensing authority in this state to render the service. See Arizona Laws 10-2201
  • Property: includes both real and personal property. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • Public defender: Represent defendants who can't afford an attorney in criminal matters.
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • Public procurement unit: means either a local public procurement unit, the department, any other state or an agency of the United States. See Arizona Laws 41-2631
  • Public service: means an activity that is normally and generally associated with community colleges and universities in this state, a purpose or significant result of which is not to engage in competition with private enterprise. See Arizona Laws 41-2751
  • Purchase description: means the words used in a solicitation to describe the materials, services or construction for purchase and includes specifications attached to, or made a part of, the solicitation. See Arizona Laws 41-2531
  • Purchaser: means a person purchasing a unit in good faith from a licensed dealer or broker for purposes other than resale. See Arizona Laws 41-4001
  • Purchasing agency: means any state governmental unit that is authorized by this chapter or rules adopted pursuant to this chapter, or by way of delegation from the director, to enter into contracts. See Arizona Laws 41-2503
  • Qualified person: means a person that is eligible under this chapter to be issued shares by a professional corporation. See Arizona Laws 10-2201
  • Qualified young adult: means a former dependent child who is at least eighteen years of age and not over twenty-one years of age, who meets the criteria for an extended foster care program pursuant to Section 8-521. See Arizona Laws 8-201
  • Qualifying party: means a person who is an owner, employee, corporate officer or partner of the licensed business and who has active and direct supervision of and responsibility for all operations of that licensed business. See Arizona Laws 41-4001
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • Reconstruction: means construction work performed for the purpose of restoration or modification of a unit by changing or adding structural components or electrical, plumbing or heat or air producing systems. See Arizona Laws 41-4001
  • Recreational vehicle: means a vehicular type unit that is:

    (a) A portable camping trailer mounted on wheels and constructed with collapsible partial sidewalls that fold for towing by another vehicle and unfold for camping. See Arizona Laws 41-4001

  • Referral: means a report that is submitted to the juvenile court and that alleges that a child is dependent or incorrigible or that a juvenile has committed a delinquent or criminal act. See Arizona Laws 8-201
  • Relevant costs: means those costs that relate to a target function that can be eliminated if the target function is transferred to another agency or the private sector. See Arizona Laws 41-2771
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
  • Request for information: means all documents issued to vendors for the sole purpose of seeking information about the availability in the commercial marketplace of materials or services. See Arizona Laws 41-2531
  • Request for proposals: means all documents, whether attached or incorporated by reference, which are used for soliciting proposals in accordance with procedures prescribed in section 41-2534. See Arizona Laws 41-2531
  • Residential: means a building with a use-occupancy classification of a single-family dwelling or as governed by the international residential code. See Arizona Laws 41-4001
  • Responsive bidder: means a person who submits a bid which conforms in all material respects to the invitation for bids. See Arizona Laws 41-2531
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • Salesperson: means any person who, for a salary, commission or compensation of any kind, is employed by or acts on behalf of any dealer or broker of manufactured homes, mobile homes or factory-built buildings to sell, exchange, buy, offer or attempt to negotiate or act as an agent for the sale or exchange of an interest in a manufactured home, mobile home or factory-built building. See Arizona Laws 41-4001
  • Secure care: means confinement in a facility that is completely surrounded by a locked and physically secure barrier with restricted ingress and egress. See Arizona Laws 41-2801
  • Seller: means a natural person who enters into a listing agreement with a licensed dealer or broker for the purpose of resale. See Arizona Laws 41-4001
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • Shareholder: means the person in whose name shares are registered in the records of a corporation or the beneficial owner of shares to the extent of the rights granted by a nominee certificate on file with a corporation. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Shares: means the units into which the proprietary interests in a corporation are divided. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Site development: means the development of an area for the installation of the unit's or units' locations, parking, surface drainage, driveways, on-site utility terminals and property lines at a proposed construction site or area. See Arizona Laws 41-4001
  • Special performance audit: means a performance audit of limited scope. See Arizona Laws 41-2952
  • specification: means any description of the physical or functional characteristics, or of the nature of a material, service or construction item. See Arizona Laws 41-2561
  • State agency: means a department, office, commission, institution, board or other agency of state organization regardless of whether monies are appropriated to the agency. See Arizona Laws 41-2751
  • State agency: means any executive department, office, commission, institution, board or other executive agency of state organization regardless of whether monies are appropriated to the agency. See Arizona Laws 41-2771
  • State governmental unit: means any department, commission, council, board, bureau, committee, institution, agency, government corporation or other establishment or official of the executive branch or corporation commission of this state. See Arizona Laws 41-2503
  • State governmental unit: means any department, commission, council, board, bureau, committee, institution, agency, government corporation or other establishment or official of the executive branch or corporation commission of this state. See Arizona Laws 41-2701
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Statutory agent: means a person who is on file with the corporation commission as the statutory agent. See Arizona Laws 41-4001
  • Subconsultant: means any person, firm, partnership, corporation, association or other organization, or a combination of any of them, that has a direct contract with a design professional or another subconsultant to perform a portion of the work under a design professional service contract. See Arizona Laws 41-2571
  • Subcontractor: means a person who contracts to perform work or render service to a contractor or to another subcontractor as a part of a contract with a state governmental unit. See Arizona Laws 41-2503
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Sunset review: means a systematic evaluation by the committee of reference under the supervision of the joint legislative audit committee, with the assistance of the appropriate agency, joint legislative budget committee, committees of reference, auditor general and support staff, to determine if the merits of the program justify its continuation rather than termination, or its continuation at a level less than or greater than the existing level. See Arizona Laws 41-2952
  • Surplus materials: means any materials that no longer have any use to this state or materials acquired from the United States government. See Arizona Laws 41-2601
  • Target function: means a current state function that has been identified for review through the competitive government process. See Arizona Laws 41-2771
  • termination: means the date provided for termination of legislative authority for the existence of a particular agency pursuant to article 2 of this chapter. See Arizona Laws 41-2952
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Title transfer: means a true copy of the application for title transfer that is stamped or validated by the appropriate government agency. See Arizona Laws 41-4001
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Trust account: A general term that covers all types of accounts in a trust department, such as estates, guardianships, and agencies. Source: OCC
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • trustees: means individuals, designated in the articles of incorporation or bylaws or elected by the incorporators, and their successors and individuals elected or appointed by any other name or title to act as members of the board. See Arizona Laws 10-3140
  • Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC
  • Unit: means a manufactured home, mobile home, factory-built building or accessory structures. See Arizona Laws 41-4001
  • Unsolicited proposal: means a written proposal that is submitted on the initiative of the offeror for the purposes of obtaining a contract with this state and that is not in response to a formal or informal request from this state. See Arizona Laws 41-2531
  • Using agency: means any state governmental unit that uses any materials, services or construction procured under this chapter. See Arizona Laws 41-2503
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Vote: includes authorization by written ballot and written consent. See Arizona Laws 10-3140
  • Voting shares: means shares entitled to vote for election of directors of the professional corporation. See Arizona Laws 10-2201
  • Wastepaper: means recyclable paper and paperboard, including high grade office paper, computer paper, fine paper, bond paper, offset paper, xerographic paper, duplicator paper and corrugated paper. See Arizona Laws 41-2531
  • Workmanship: means a minimum standard of construction or installation reflecting a journeyman quality of the work of the various trades. See Arizona Laws 41-4001
  • Writing: includes printing. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • written: includes blockchain technology as defined in section 44-7061. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • youth: means a person who has been committed according to law to the department of juvenile corrections for supervision, rehabilitation, treatment and education and who is either:

    (a) At least fourteen years of age and under eighteen years of age. See Arizona Laws 41-2801