§ 13-301 Definition of accomplice
§ 13-302 Criminal liability based upon conduct
§ 13-303 Criminal liability based upon conduct of another
§ 13-304 Nondefenses to criminal liability based upon conduct of another
§ 13-305 Criminal liability of enterprises; definitions
§ 13-306 Criminal liability of an individual for conduct of an enterprise

Terms Used In Arizona Laws > Title 13 > Chapter 3 - Parties to Offenses: Accountability

  • accomplice: means a person, other than a peace officer acting in his official capacity within the scope of his authority and in the line of duty, who with the intent to promote or facilitate the commission of an offense:

    1. See Arizona Laws 13-301

  • acknowledgment: means either:

    (a) An acknowledgment made by the person or persons signing an instrument and taken by a notarial officer pursuant to Title 41, Chapter 2, Article 1. See Arizona Laws 10-140

  • Acquiring person: means a person that makes or proposes to make a control share acquisition. See Arizona Laws 10-2701
  • Act: means a bodily movement. See Arizona Laws 13-105
  • Address: means a mailing address. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Affiliate: means a person that directly or indirectly controls, is controlled by or is under common control with a specified person. See Arizona Laws 10-2701
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Announcement date: when used in reference to any business combination, means the date of the first public announcement of the final, definitive proposal for the business combination. See Arizona Laws 10-2701
  • Articles of incorporation: means the original or restated articles of incorporation or articles of merger and all amendments to the articles of incorporation or merger and includes amended and restated articles of incorporation and articles of amendment and merger. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Associate: when used to indicate a relationship with any person, means any of the following:

    (a) Any corporation or entity of which the person is an officer, director or partner or is, directly or indirectly, the beneficial owner of ten per cent or more of any class or series of shares or other equity interest. See Arizona Laws 10-2701

  • Associate director: means the associate director of the division. See Arizona Laws 3-2001
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • beneficially owned: when used with respect to shares, refers to any of the following:

    (a) A person who, directly or indirectly through any agreement, arrangement, relationship, understanding or otherwise, whether or not in writing, has or shares the power to vote, or direct the voting of the shares, or has or shares the power to dispose of or direct the disposition of the shares, except that:

    (i) A person is not deemed the beneficial owner of shares tendered pursuant to a tender or exchange offer made by the person or any of the person's affiliates or associates until the tendered shares are accepted for purchase or exchange. See Arizona Laws 10-2701

  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • Benefit corporation: means a corporation that both:

    (a) Has elected to become subject to this chapter. See Arizona Laws 10-2402

  • Benefit enforcement proceeding: means any claim or action for either of the following:

    (a) The failure of a benefit corporation to pursue or create general public benefit or a specific public benefit purpose set forth in its articles. See Arizona Laws 10-2402

  • Board of directors: means the group of persons vested with the management of the affairs of the corporation irrespective of the name by which the group is designated and includes the governing body or bodies of a water users' association if the articles of incorporation of the water users' association provide for a governing body or bodies denominated other than as a board of directors. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Business combination: when used in reference to any issuing public corporation and any interested shareholder of the issuing public corporation, means any of the following:

    (a) Any merger or consolidation of the issuing public corporation or any subsidiary of the issuing public corporation with either:

    (i) The interested shareholder. See Arizona Laws 10-2701

  • Business day: means a day that is not a Saturday, a Sunday or any other legal holiday in this state. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Bylaws: means the code of rules adopted for the regulation or management of the affairs of the corporation irrespective of the name by which those rules are designated. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Certificate of disclosure: means the certificate of disclosure described in section 10-202. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Chief veterinary meat inspector: means a qualified licensed veterinarian appointed by the director to supervise the state meat inspection service for the state and to carry out the provisions of this chapter. See Arizona Laws 3-2001
  • Class: refers to a group of memberships that have the same rights with respect to voting, dissolution, redemption and transfer. See Arizona Laws 10-3140
  • Commission: means the Arizona corporation commission. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Condemned: means the carcass, the viscera, parts of carcasses, meat, meat by-product or meat food products, so marked or identified, is unsound, unhealthful, unwholesome or otherwise unfit for human food, or an animal which has been inspected and found to be in a dying condition or affected with any other condition or disease that would require condemnation of its carcass. See Arizona Laws 3-2001
  • Conduct: means an act or omission and its accompanying culpable mental state. See Arizona Laws 13-105
  • Conspicuous: means so written that a reasonable person against whom the writing is to operate should have noticed it. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Control share acquisition: means an acquisition, directly or indirectly, by an acquiring person of beneficial ownership of shares of an issuing public corporation that, except for article 2 of this chapter, would, when added to all other shares of the issuing public corporation beneficially owned by the acquiring person, entitle the acquiring person, immediately after the acquisition, to exercise or direct the exercise of a new range of voting power within any of the ranges specified in section 10-2722, subsection A, paragraph 4, but does not include any of the following:

    (a) An acquisition by a donee pursuant to an inter vivos gift not made to avoid article 2 of this chapter or by a distributee as defined in section 14-1201. See Arizona Laws 10-2701

  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Corporation sole: means a corporation formed pursuant and subject to chapter 42, article 1 of this title. See Arizona Laws 10-3140
  • Court: means the superior court of this state. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Culpable mental state: means intentionally, knowingly, recklessly or with criminal negligence as those terms are defined in this paragraph:

    (a) "Intentionally" or "with the intent to" means, with respect to a result or to conduct described by a statute defining an offense, that a person's objective is to cause that result or to engage in that conduct. See Arizona Laws 13-105

  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Delegates: means those persons elected or appointed to vote in a representative assembly for the election of a director or directors or on other matters. See Arizona Laws 10-3140
  • Deliver: includes sending by mail, private courier, fax or electronic transmission. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Delivery: means actual receipt by the person or entity to which directed and for electronic transmissions means receipt as described in section 44-7015, subsection B. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Department: means the Arizona department of agriculture. See Arizona Laws 3-101
  • Director: means the director of the department. See Arizona Laws 3-101
  • Distribution: means a direct or indirect transfer of money or other property, except its own shares, or incurrence of indebtedness by a corporation to or for the benefit of its shareholders in respect of any of its shares. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Division: means the animal services division of the Arizona department of agriculture. See Arizona Laws 3-2001
  • domestic corporation: means a corporation for profit that is not a foreign corporation and that is incorporated under or subject to chapters 1 through 17 of this title. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Donee: The recipient of a gift.
  • Electronic transmission: means an electronic record as defined in section 44-7002 that is sent pursuant to section 44-7015. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Enterprise: includes any corporation, association, labor union or other legal entity. See Arizona Laws 13-105
  • Entity: includes a corporation, foreign corporation, not for profit corporation, profit and not for profit unincorporated association, nonprofit corporation, close corporation, corporation sole or limited liability company, a professional corporation, association or limited liability company, a business trust, estate, partnership, registered limited liability partnership, trust or joint venture, two or more persons having a joint or common economic interest, any person other than an individual and a state, the United States and a foreign government. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Establishment: means a mobile or stationary building, plant, vehicle or structure where meat or meat food products are slaughtered or processed or offered for sale. See Arizona Laws 3-2001
  • Executed by the corporation: means executed by manual or facsimile signature on behalf of the corporation by a duly authorized officer or, if the corporation is in the hands of a receiver or trustee, by the receiver or trustee. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Filing: means the commission completing the following procedure with respect to any document delivered for that purpose:

    (a) Determining that the filing fee requirements of section 10-122 have been satisfied. See Arizona Laws 10-140

  • Foreign corporation: means a corporation for profit that is incorporated under a law other than the law of this state. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • General public benefit: means a material positive impact on society and the environment, taken as a whole, assessed against a third-party standard, from the business and operations of a benefit corporation. See Arizona Laws 10-2402
  • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
  • Individual: includes the estate of an incompetent or deceased individual. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Inspector: includes chief veterinary meat inspector, veterinary meat inspector, lay meat inspector, livestock officer or any other employee appointed by the associate director, with the approval of the director, to carry out the purposes of this chapter, the livestock laws and rules adopted thereunder. See Arizona Laws 3-2001
  • Inter vivos: Transfer of property from one living person to another living person.
  • Interested shareholder: when used in reference to any issuing public corporation, means any person, other than the issuing public corporation or any subsidiary of the issuing public corporation, that is either:

    (a) The beneficial owner, directly or indirectly, of ten per cent or more of the voting power of the outstanding shares of the issuing public corporation. See Arizona Laws 10-2701

  • Interrogatories: Written questions asked by one party of an opposing party, who must answer them in writing under oath; a discovery device in a lawsuit.
  • Issuing public corporation: means a corporation that has a class of equity securities registered pursuant to section 12 or is subject to section 15(d) of the securities exchange act of 1934 or has elected to be subject to all or part of this chapter pursuant to section 10-2706 and which either:

    (a) Is incorporated under the laws of this state. See Arizona Laws 10-2701

  • Known place of business: means the known place of business required to be maintained pursuant to section 10-501. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Market value: when used in reference to stock or property of any issuing public corporation, means the following:

    (a) In the case of stock, the highest closing sale price during the thirty day period immediately preceding the date in question of the stock on the composite tape for New York stock exchange listed stock or, if the stock is not quoted on the composite tape or not listed on the New York stock exchange, on the principal United States securities exchange registered under the securities exchange act of 1934 on which the stock is listed or, if the stock is not listed on any such exchange, on the national association of securities dealers, inc. See Arizona Laws 10-2701

  • Meat: means the edible part of the muscle of cattle, sheep, swine, goats or equines which is skeletal or which is found in the tongue, in the diaphragm, in the heart or in the esophagus, with or without the accompanying and overlying fat, and the portions of bone, skin, sinew, nerve and blood vessels which normally accompany the muscle tissue and which are not separated from it in the process of dressing. See Arizona Laws 3-2001
  • Member: means , without regard to what a person is called in the articles of incorporation or bylaws, any person or persons who, pursuant to a provision of a corporation's articles of incorporation or bylaws, have the right to vote for the election of a director or directors. See Arizona Laws 10-3140
  • Membership: refers to the rights and obligations a member or members have pursuant to a corporation's articles of incorporation and bylaws and chapters 24 through 40 of this title. See Arizona Laws 10-3140
  • Minimum status vote: means :

    (a) In the case of a business corporation, in addition to any other required approval or vote, the satisfaction of the following conditions:

    (i) The shareholders of every class or series are entitled to vote as a separate voting group on the corporate action regardless of a limitation stated in the articles of incorporation or bylaws on the voting rights of any class or series. See Arizona Laws 10-2402

  • Misdemeanor: means an offense for which a sentence to a term of imprisonment other than to the custody of the state department of corrections is authorized by any law of this state. See Arizona Laws 13-105
  • Newspaper: has the meaning set forth in section 39-201. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Peace officer: means any person vested by law with a duty to maintain public order and make arrests and includes a constable. See Arizona Laws 13-105
  • Person: means an individual, a corporation, a partnership, a syndicate, an association, a joint stock company, a trust in which the interests of the beneficiaries are evidenced by securities, an unincorporated organization or entity or a government or political subdivision of a government. See Arizona Laws 10-2701
  • Person: includes an individual and entity. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Person: means a human being and, as the context requires, an enterprise, a public or private corporation, an unincorporated association, a partnership, a firm, a society, a government, a governmental authority or an individual or entity capable of holding a legal or beneficial interest in property. See Arizona Laws 13-105
  • President: means that officer designated as the president in the articles of incorporation or bylaws or, if not so designated, that officer authorized in the articles of incorporation, bylaws or otherwise to perform the functions of the chief executive officer, irrespective of the name by which designated. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • Principal office: means the office, in or out of this state, so designated in the annual report where the principal executive offices of a domestic or foreign corporation are located or in any other document executed by the corporation by an officer and delivered to the commission for filing. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Proceeding: includes a civil suit and a criminal, administrative and investigatory action. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Publish: means to publish in a newspaper of general circulation in the county of the known place of business for three consecutive publications. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Recklessly: means , with respect to a result or to a circumstance described by a statute defining an offense, that a person is aware of and consciously disregards a substantial and unjustifiable risk that the result will occur or that the circumstance exists. See Arizona Laws 13-105
  • Record date: means the date established under chapter 6 or 7 of this title on which a corporation determines the identity of its shareholders and their shareholdings for purposes of chapters 1 through 17 of this title. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Secretary: means that officer designated as the secretary in the articles of incorporation or bylaws or that officer authorized in the articles of incorporation, the bylaws or otherwise to perform the functions of secretary, irrespective of the name by which designated. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Shareholder: means the person in whose name shares are registered in the records of a corporation or the beneficial owner of shares to the extent of the rights granted by a nominee certificate on file with a corporation. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Shares: means those shares presently entitled to vote in the election of directors of the issuing public corporation. See Arizona Laws 10-2701
  • Shares: means the units into which the proprietary interests in a corporation are divided. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Slaughter: means to kill cattle, sheep, swine, goats, horses, mules or other equines and to prepare the carcasses or parts of carcasses for human consumption. See Arizona Laws 3-2001
  • Specific public benefit: includes :

    (a) Providing low-income or underserved individuals or communities with beneficial products or services. See Arizona Laws 10-2402

  • State meat inspection service: means the meat inspection provided in sections 3-2041 through 3-2047 and sections 3-2049, 3-2051 and 3-2052, providing approved slaughtering plants with inspectors during all periods of slaughter to conduct antemortem and postmortem inspections of all cattle, sheep, swine, goats, horses, mules or other equines slaughtered. See Arizona Laws 3-2001
  • Subsidiary: means , in relation to a person, an entity in which the person owns beneficially or of record fifty per cent or more of the outstanding equity interests. See Arizona Laws 10-2402
  • Supermajority status vote: means :

    (a) For a business corporation, in addition to any other required approval or vote, the satisfaction of the following conditions:

    (i) The shareholders of every class or series are entitled to vote as a separate voting group on the corporate action regardless of a limitation stated in the articles of incorporation or bylaws on the voting rights of any class or series. See Arizona Laws 10-2402

  • Tender offer: means a tender offer under the securities exchange act of 1934. See Arizona Laws 10-2701
  • Third-party standard: means a recognized standard for defining, reporting and assessing corporate social and environmental performance that is:

    (a) Comprehensive because it assesses the effect of a business and its operations on the interests listed in section 10-2431, subsection A, paragraph 1. See Arizona Laws 10-2402

  • Treasurer: means that officer designated as the treasurer in the articles of incorporation or bylaws or that officer authorized in the articles of incorporation or bylaws or otherwise to perform the functions of treasurer, irrespective of the name by which designated. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • trustees: means individuals, designated in the articles of incorporation or bylaws or elected by the incorporators, and their successors and individuals elected or appointed by any other name or title to act as members of the board. See Arizona Laws 10-3140
  • under common control with: means the possession, directly or indirectly, of the power to direct or cause the direction of the management and policies of a person, whether through the ownership of voting securities, by contract, or otherwise. See Arizona Laws 10-2701
  • United States: includes a district, authority, bureau, commission and department and any other agency of the United States. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Veterinary meat inspector: means a qualified licensed veterinarian appointed by the associate director, with the director's approval, to work under the direction of the chief veterinary meat inspector. See Arizona Laws 3-2001
  • Vice-president: means an officer designated as the vice-president in the articles of incorporation or bylaws or an officer authorized in the articles of incorporation, the bylaws or otherwise to perform the functions of a vice-president, irrespective of the name by which designated. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Vote: includes authorization by written ballot and written consent. See Arizona Laws 10-3140
  • Voting group: means all shares of one or more classes or series that under the articles of incorporation or chapters 1 through 17 of this title are entitled to vote and be counted together collectively on a matter at a meeting of shareholders. See Arizona Laws 10-140
  • Voting power: means the total number of votes entitled to be cast for the election of directors at the time the determination of voting power is made, excluding a vote that is contingent on the happening of a condition or event that has not occurred at the time. See Arizona Laws 10-3140
  • written: includes blockchain technology as defined in section 44-7061. See Arizona Laws 10-140