|Article 1||Incorporation, Disincorporation and Reincorporation||9-101 – 9-104|
|Article 2||Consolidation of Towns||9-121 – 9-122|
|Article 3||Incorporation, Annexation and Operation of a City or Town in More Than One County||9-131 – 9-137|
Terms Used In Arizona Laws > Title 9 > Chapter 1
- Affected commodity: means the specific citrus, fruit or vegetable that is regulated pursuant to article 2 or 4 of this chapter and that is subject to the marketing agreement or order or the proposed marketing agreement or order. See Arizona Laws 3-401
- Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
- Alarm subscriber: means any person who:
(a) Leases, rents or purchases any monitored alarm system or service from an alarm business. See Arizona Laws 32-101
- Allegation: something that someone says happened.
- Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
- Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
- Appraisal: A determination of property value.
- Architect: means a person who, by reason of knowledge of the mathematical and physical sciences and the principles of architecture and architectural engineering acquired by professional education and practical experience, is qualified to engage in the practice of architecture and is registered as an architect pursuant to this chapter. See Arizona Laws 32-101
- Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
- Associate director: means the associate director of the citrus, fruit and vegetable division of the department. See Arizona Laws 3-401
- Association: means every association to which this chapter applies as defined in the section concerning scope of chapter. See Arizona Laws 6-401
- Automated teller machine: means an automated device that is established by a bank, savings and loan association or credit union and that facilitates customer-bank communications activities, including taking deposits and disbursing cash drawn against a customer's deposit account or a customer's preapproved loan account, at a location separate from the home office or a branch. See Arizona Laws 6-101
- Board: means the state board of technical registration. See Arizona Laws 32-101
- Branch: means any banking office other than the principal banking office. See Arizona Laws 6-101
- Branch office: means a place of business of a credit union, other than a principal office, at which deposits are received and checks are paid, but does not include premises used for computer operations, record keeping, accounting, storage, maintenance or other administrative or service functions. See Arizona Laws 6-501
- Capital: means share accounts, reserves and undivided earnings. See Arizona Laws 6-501
- commission: means the marketing commission established under section 3-413. See Arizona Laws 3-401
- Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
- Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
- Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
- Corporate credit union: means a credit union whose field of membership consists of other credit unions and organizations or associations owned by or composed of credit unions and corporations or associations which primarily serve credit unions. See Arizona Laws 6-501
- Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
- Correctional facility: means any place used for the confinement or control of a person:
(a) Charged with or convicted of an offense; or
(b) Held for extradition; or
(c) Pursuant to an order of court for law enforcement purposes. See Arizona Laws 31-341
- Court: means a justice of the peace, town magistrate, city magistrate, superior court commissioner or superior court judge. See Arizona Laws 31-331
- Credit union: means a cooperative nonprofit association which is incorporated under this chapter for the purposes of encouraging thrift among its members and creating a source of credit and other financial services at fair and reasonable cost. See Arizona Laws 6-501
- Custody: means the imposition of actual or constructive restraint pursuant to an on-site arrest or court order but does not include detention in a correctional facility, juvenile detention center or state hospital. See Arizona Laws 31-341
- Department: means the state department of corrections. See Arizona Laws 31-201
- Department: means the department of financial institutions. See Arizona Laws 6-101
- Detention facility: means any jail or other place of detention of persons charged with or convicted of a crime, including town, city, county, or regional facilities. See Arizona Laws 31-331
- Devise: To gift property by will.
- Director: means the director of the department. See Arizona Laws 31-201
- Employment: includes vocational training and other educational and rehabilitative activities, whether or not for compensation. See Arizona Laws 31-331
- Engineer: means a person who, by reason of special knowledge of the mathematical and physical sciences and the principles and methods of engineering analysis and design acquired by professional education and practical experience, is qualified to practice engineering and is registered as a professional engineer pursuant to this chapter. See Arizona Laws 32-101
- Engineer-in-training: means a candidate for registration as a professional engineer who is a graduate in an approved engineering curriculum of four years or more of a school approved by the board or who has four years or more of education or experience, or both, in engineering work that meets standards specified by the board in its rules. See Arizona Laws 32-101
- Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
- Escape: means departure from custody or from a correctional facility in which a person is held or detained with knowledge that such departure is unpermitted or failure to return to custody or detention following a temporary leave granted for a specific purpose or for a limited period. See Arizona Laws 31-341
- Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
- Extradition: The formal process of delivering an accused or convicted person from authorities in one state to authorities in another state.
- Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
- Firm: means any individual or partnership, corporation or other type of association, including the association of a nonregistrant and a registrant who offers to the public professional services regulated by the board. See Arizona Laws 32-101
- Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
- Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
- Geological practice: means any professional service or work requiring geological education, training and experience, and the application of special knowledge of the earth sciences to such professional services as consultation, evaluation of mining properties, petroleum properties and groundwater resources, professional supervision of exploration for mineral natural resources including metallic and nonmetallic ores, petroleum and groundwater, and the geological phases of engineering investigations. See Arizona Laws 32-101
- Geologist: means a person, not of necessity an engineer, who by reason of special knowledge of the earth sciences and the principles and methods of search for and appraisal of mineral or other natural resources acquired by professional education and practical experience is qualified to practice geology as attested by registration as a professional geologist. See Arizona Laws 32-101
- Geologist-in-training: means a candidate for registration as a professional geologist who is a graduate of a school approved by the board or who has four years or more of education or experience, or both, in geological work that meets standards specified by the board in its rules. See Arizona Laws 32-101
- Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
- Home inspection: means a visual analysis for the purposes of providing a professional opinion of the building, any reasonably accessible installed components and the operation of the building's systems, including the controls normally operated by the owner, for the following components of a residential building of four units or less:
(a) Heating system. See Arizona Laws 32-101
- Home inspector: means an individual who is certified pursuant to this chapter as a home inspector and who engages in the business of performing home inspections and writing home inspection reports. See Arizona Laws 32-101
- Impeachment: (1) The process of calling something into question, as in "impeaching the testimony of a witness." (2) The constitutional process whereby the House of Representatives may "impeach" (accuse of misconduct) high officers of the federal government for trial in the Senate.
- Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
- Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
- Insuring organization: means the national credit union administration or successor organization or any other equivalent insurer approved by the superintendent. See Arizona Laws 6-501
- Joint session: When both chambers of a legislature adopt a concurrent resolution to meet together.
- Land surveying practice: means the performance of one or more of the following professional services:
(a) Measurement of land to determine the position of any monument or reference point that marks a property line, boundary or corner for the purpose of determining the area or description of the land. See Arizona Laws 32-101
- Land surveyor: means a person who by reason of knowledge of the mathematical and physical sciences, principles of land surveying and evidence gathering acquired by professional education or practical experience, or both, is qualified to practice land surveying as attested by registration as a land surveyor. See Arizona Laws 32-101
- Land surveyor-in-training: means a candidate for registration as a professional land surveyor who is a graduate of a school and curriculum approved by the board or who has four years or more of education or experience, or both, in land surveying work that meets standards specified by the board in its rules. See Arizona Laws 32-101
- Landscape architect: means a person who, by reason of professional education or practical experience, or both, is qualified to engage in the practice of landscape architecture as attested by registration as a landscape architect. See Arizona Laws 32-101
- Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
- Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
- Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
- Local governing board: means town council, city council or board of supervisors, or any combination thereof. See Arizona Laws 31-331
- Low-voltage electric fence: means a fence that meets all of the following requirements:
(a) Has an electric fence energizer that is powered by a commercial storage battery with a rated voltage of not more than twelve volts and that produces an electric charge on contact with the fence. See Arizona Laws 32-101
- Magistrate: means an officer having power to issue a warrant for the arrest of a person charged with a public offense and includes the chief justice and justices of the supreme court, judges of the superior court, judges of the court of appeals, justices of the peace and judges of a municipal court. See Arizona Laws 1-215
- Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
- Monitored alarm: means a device that is designed for the detection of an entry on any premises and that if activated generates a notification signal. See Arizona Laws 32-101
- Month: means a calendar month unless otherwise expressed. See Arizona Laws 1-215
- Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
- National credit union administration: includes any successor to the organization or other agency or instrumentality of the United States that undertakes to discharge the purposes of the organization. See Arizona Laws 6-101
- order: means an order that is developed by producers or shippers of the affected commodity and that is issued by the director pursuant to this article. See Arizona Laws 3-401
- Organization: means any corporation, association, partnership, society, firm, syndicate, trust or other legal entity. See Arizona Laws 6-501
- Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
- Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
- Person: means any individual, firm, partnership, corporation, association or other organization. See Arizona Laws 32-101
- Person: means any individual, firm, corporation, trust, association or partnership. See Arizona Laws 3-401
- Personal property: includes money, goods, chattels, things in action and evidences of debt. See Arizona Laws 1-215
- Population: means the population according to the most recent United States decennial census. See Arizona Laws 1-215
- Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
- Prisoner: means a person incarcerated in a detention facility who has been charged with or convicted of a misdemeanor, or a person incarcerated for nonpayment of a fine, for contempt or as a condition of probation for any criminal offense. See Arizona Laws 31-331
- Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
- Process: means a citation, writ or summons issued in the course of judicial proceedings. See Arizona Laws 1-215
- Property: includes both real and personal property. See Arizona Laws 1-215
- Proprietor alarm: means any alarm or alarm system that is owned by an alarm subscriber who has not contracted with an alarm business. See Arizona Laws 32-101
- Public defender: Represent defendants who can't afford an attorney in criminal matters.
- Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
- Registrant: means a person registered or certified by the board. See Arizona Laws 32-101
- Registration: means a registration or certification issued by the board. See Arizona Laws 32-101
- Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
- Reserves: means allocations of retained income and includes regular and special reserves and any allowances for loan losses and investment losses. See Arizona Laws 6-501
- Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
- Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
- Share account: means a balance held by a credit union and established by a member according to this chapter, including balances designated as shares, share certificates, share draft accounts and membership shares. See Arizona Laws 6-501
- Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
- Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
- Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
- Superintendent: means the superintendent of financial institutions. See Arizona Laws 6-101
- Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
- Title: includes this title, title 32, chapters 9 and 36 and title 44, chapter 2. See Arizona Laws 6-101
- Trust account: A general term that covers all types of accounts in a trust department, such as estates, guardianships, and agencies. Source: OCC
- Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
- Volume: means cartons or the equivalent weight of Arizona-grown products marketed in the preceding marketing season. See Arizona Laws 3-401
- Wilfully: means , with respect to conduct or to a circumstance described by a statute defining an offense, that a person is aware or believes that the person's conduct is of that nature or that the circumstance exists. See Arizona Laws 1-215
- Work furlough administrator: means a probation officer, sheriff, or other person authorized by the local governing board to perform the functions of the work furlough administrator. See Arizona Laws 31-331
- Writing: includes printing. See Arizona Laws 1-215
- Written assent: means a signed statement of an affected person consenting to the terms of a marketing order. See Arizona Laws 3-401