In this chapter, unless the context otherwise requires:

Terms Used In Arizona Laws 32-1701

  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Board: means the state board of optometry. See Arizona Laws 32-1701
  • Forgery: The fraudulent signing or alteration of another's name to an instrument such as a deed, mortgage, or check. The intent of the forgery is to deceive or defraud. Source: OCC
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • including: means not limited to and is not a term of exclusion. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Licensee: means a person licensed to practice the profession of optometry pursuant to this chapter. See Arizona Laws 32-1701
  • Person: includes a corporation, company, partnership, firm, association or society, as well as a natural person. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Practice of the profession of optometry: means :

    (a) The examination or refraction of the human eye and its appendages and the employment of any objective or subjective means or methods other than surgery for the purpose of diagnosing or treating any visual, muscular, neurological or anatomical anomalies of the eye. See Arizona Laws 32-1701

  • Surgery: means , in reference to the human eye and its appendages, an invasive procedure in which in vivo human tissue is cut, burned, vaporized, removed, coagulated or photodisrupted by use of an electrical cautery, a scalpel, a cryoprobe, a laser or ionizing radiation. See Arizona Laws 32-1701
  • Wilfully: means , with respect to conduct or to a circumstance described by a statute defining an offense, that a person is aware or believes that the person's conduct is of that nature or that the circumstance exists. See Arizona Laws 1-215

1. "Board" means the state board of optometry.

2. "Conviction" means a judgment of conviction by any state or federal court of competent jurisdiction in a criminal cause, regardless of whether an appeal is pending or could be taken, and includes any judgment or order based on a plea of no contest.

3. "Licensee" means a person licensed to practice the profession of optometry pursuant to this chapter.

4. "Optometrist" or "doctor of optometry" means a person who has graduated from an accredited college of optometry.

5. "Pharmaceutical" or "pharmaceutical agent" means a prescription or nonprescription substance or a schedule III controlled substance used for examination, diagnosis or treatment of conditions of the human eye and its adnexa.

6. "Practice of the profession of optometry" means:

(a) The examination or refraction of the human eye and its appendages and the employment of any objective or subjective means or methods other than surgery for the purpose of diagnosing or treating any visual, muscular, neurological or anatomical anomalies of the eye.

(b) The use of pharmaceutical agents authorized pursuant to this chapter.

(c) The use of any instrument or device to train the visual system or correct any abnormal condition of the eye or eyes.

(d) The prescribing, fitting or employment of any lens, prism, frame or mountings for the correction or relief of or aid to the visual function, provided that superficial foreign bodies may be removed from the eye and its appendages.

(e) The taking of smears of the human eye and its adnexa for culture analysis and the ordering or performing of clinical tests that are appropriate to diagnose, treat or manage conditions of the human eye and its adnexa and that are limited to those CLIA-waived clinical tests approved pursuant to 42 Code of Federal Regulations section 493.15.

7. "Surgery" means, in reference to the human eye and its appendages, an invasive procedure in which in vivo human tissue is cut, burned, vaporized, removed, coagulated or photodisrupted by use of an electrical cautery, a scalpel, a cryoprobe, a laser or ionizing radiation. Surgery does not include nonsurgical procedures, including the removal of superficial foreign bodies or eyelashes or the use of lasers for diagnostic purposes.

8. "Unprofessional conduct" means:

(a) Wilful betrayal of a professional secret or wilful violation of a privileged communication except as otherwise required by law.

(b) Charging a fee for services not rendered or dividing a professional fee for patient referrals among health care providers or health care institutions or between these providers and institutions or a contractual arrangement that has the same effect.  This subdivision does not prohibit a bona fide lease based on the revenues earned by a licensee.

(c) Addiction to, or illegal use of, narcotic drugs or use of intoxicating beverages to excess or practicing or attempting to practice the profession of optometry while under the influence of intoxicating beverages or narcotic drugs.

(d) Impersonating another licensee.

(e) Knowingly having professional connection with or lending one’s name to a person who is not a licensee.

(f) Gross negligence, repeated or continuing acts of negligence or incompetence in the practice of optometry.

(g) Any conduct or practice, including incompetency, that constitutes a danger to the health, welfare or safety of patients or the public.

(h) Prescribing, dispensing or pretending to use any secret means, methods, device or instrumentality.

(i) Refusing to divulge to the board on demand the means, methods, device or instrumentality used for optometric examination or therapy.

(j) Representing that a manifestly not correctable condition can be permanently corrected or that a correctable condition can be corrected within a stated time if this is not accurate.

(k) Knowingly making any false or fraudulent statement, written or oral, in connection with the practice of the profession of optometry, including advertising.

(l) Failing to comply with a board order or consent agreement.

(m) Fraud, forgery, unsworn falsification, false swearing or perjury involving a matter before the board or a written instrument submitted to the board.

(n) Wilfully and without legal justification failing to furnish in a timely manner information that is necessary for the board to conduct an investigation under this chapter and that has been requested or subpoenaed by the board.

(o) Conduct that discredits the profession.

(p) Sexual intimacies with a patient in the course of care or treatment.

(q) Falsely claiming attendance at a required continuing education course.

(r) Soliciting patients by fraudulent or misleading advertising of any kind.

(s) Aiding the practice of optometry by an unlicensed, incompetent or impaired person.

(t) Sharing fees with a person or organization in return for soliciting customers by that person or organization.

(u) Issuing a prescription order contingent on the purchase of ophthalmic services or materials.