Sections
Article 1 Government in Cities and Towns Not Organized Under This Chapter 9-201 – 9-204
Article 3 Town Incorporated Under Common Council Government 9-231 – 9-255
Article 4 Change From Town to City Organization 9-271 – 9-276
Article 5 Adoption of Charter Government by City 9-281 – 9-285

Terms Used In Arizona Laws > Title 9 > Chapter 2

  • Accounting services: means services that are commonly and historically performed by accountants, including recording or summarizing financial transactions, bookkeeping, analyzing or verifying financial information, reporting financial results, financial planning or providing attest services, compilation services, tax services or consulting services. See Arizona Laws 32-701
  • Accredited: means recognized or authorized by the American board of funeral service education. See Arizona Laws 32-1301
  • Accredited institution: means any public or private regionally or nationally accredited college or university that is accredited by an organization recognized by the council for higher education accreditation or its successor agency. See Arizona Laws 32-701
  • Adequate records: means legible medical records, produced by hand or electronically, containing, at a minimum, sufficient information to identify the patient, support the diagnosis, justify the treatment, accurately document the results, indicate advice and cautionary warnings provided to the patient and provide sufficient information for another practitioner to assume continuity of the patient's care at any point in the course of treatment. See Arizona Laws 32-1401
  • Adjourn: A motion to adjourn a legislative chamber or a committee, if passed, ends that day's session.
  • Administrative costs and expenses: means the cost of copies, transcripts, court reporter and witness fees, reimbursement for mileage and office of administrative hearings costs. See Arizona Laws 32-1301
  • Advertisement: means any written or oral publication, dissemination, solicitation or circulation that is intended to directly or indirectly induce any person to enter into an agreement for contracting services with a contractor, including business cards and telephone directory display advertisements. See Arizona Laws 32-1101
  • Advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
  • Advisory letter: means a nondisciplinary letter to notify a licensee that either:

    (a) While there is insufficient evidence to support disciplinary action, the board believes that continuation of the activities that led to the investigation may result in further board action against the licensee. See Arizona Laws 32-900

  • Aesthetician: means a person who is licensed to practice skin care pursuant to this chapter. See Arizona Laws 32-501
  • Aesthetics: means any one or a combination of the following practices if they are performed for cosmetic purposes:

    (a) Massaging, cleansing, stimulating, manipulating, exercising, beautifying or applying oils, creams, antiseptics, clays, lotions or other preparations, either by hand or by mechanical or electrical appliances. See Arizona Laws 32-501

  • Affected commodity: means the specific citrus, fruit or vegetable that is regulated pursuant to article 2 or 4 of this chapter and that is subject to the marketing agreement or order or the proposed marketing agreement or order. See Arizona Laws 3-401
  • Affected person: means a producer or shipper of an affected commodity. See Arizona Laws 3-401
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Affiliated practice dental hygienist: means any licensed dental hygienist who is able, pursuant to section 32-1289. See Arizona Laws 32-1201
  • agreement: means an agreement that is developed by producers or shippers of the affected commodity and that is entered into by the director pursuant to this article. See Arizona Laws 3-401
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • Alternative container: means any unfinished wood box or other nonmetal receptacle or enclosure, without ornamentation or a fixed interior lining, that is designed for the encasement of human remains. See Arizona Laws 32-1301
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Approved school of medicine: means any school or college offering a course of study that, on successful completion, results in the degree of doctor of medicine and whose course of study has been approved or accredited by an educational or professional association, recognized by the board, including the association of American medical colleges, the association of Canadian medical colleges or the American medical association. See Arizona Laws 32-1401
  • Architect: means a person who, by reason of knowledge of the mathematical and physical sciences and the principles of architecture and architectural engineering acquired by professional education and practical experience, is qualified to engage in the practice of architecture and is registered as an architect pursuant to this chapter. See Arizona Laws 32-101
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Attest services: means the following services to be performed by the holder of a certificate issued by the board:

    (a) Audits or other engagements to be performed in accordance with the statements on auditing standards adopted by the American institute of certified public accountants. See Arizona Laws 32-701

  • Authorizing agent: means a person who is legally entitled to order the cremation, disinterment or embalming of human remains pursuant to section 32-1365. See Arizona Laws 32-1301
  • Auxiliary personnel: means all dental assistants, dental technicians, dental x-ray technicians and other persons employed by dentists or firms and businesses providing dental services to dentists. See Arizona Laws 32-1201
  • Barber: means a person who is licensed to practice barbering pursuant to this chapter. See Arizona Laws 32-301
  • Barbering: means any one or a combination of the following practices if they are performed on a person's head, face, neck or shoulders for cosmetic purposes:

    (a) Cutting, clipping or trimming hair. See Arizona Laws 32-301

  • Beneficiary: means a person whose future funeral arrangements will be handled by a funeral establishment pursuant to a prearranged funeral agreement. See Arizona Laws 32-1301
  • Board: means the Arizona medical board. See Arizona Laws 32-1401
  • Board: means the state board of technical registration. See Arizona Laws 32-101
  • Board: means the board of barbers. See Arizona Laws 32-301
  • Board: means the board of cosmetology. See Arizona Laws 32-501
  • Board: means the Arizona state board of accountancy established by section 32-702. See Arizona Laws 32-701
  • Board: means the state board of podiatry examiners. See Arizona Laws 32-801
  • Board: means the state board of chiropractic examiners. See Arizona Laws 32-900
  • Board: means the state board of dental examiners. See Arizona Laws 32-1201
  • Board: means the state board of funeral directors and embalmers. See Arizona Laws 32-1301
  • Bribe: means anything of value or advantage, present or prospective, asked, offered, given, accepted or promised with a corrupt intent to influence, unlawfully, the person to whom it is given in that person's action, vote or opinion, in any public or official capacity. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Business entity: means a business organization that has an ownership that includes any persons who are not licensed or certified to provide dental services in this state, that offers to the public professional services regulated by the board and that is established pursuant to the laws of any state or foreign country. See Arizona Laws 32-1201
  • Business entity: includes any corporation, association, limited liability company, professional corporation, partnership, limited partnership, sole proprietorship, business trust, trust, joint venture and other business entity. See Arizona Laws 32-1301
  • Business organization: means a partnership, professional corporation, professional limited liability company, limited liability company or limited liability partnership or any other entity that is recognized by the board and that is established under the laws of any state or foreign country. See Arizona Laws 32-701
  • Capital: means share accounts, reserves and undivided earnings. See Arizona Laws 6-501
  • Casket: means a rigid container that is designed to permanently encase human remains and that is usually constructed of wood, metal or synthetic substances and ornamented and lined with fabric. See Arizona Laws 32-1301
  • Certified public accountant: means an individual who has been issued a certificate of authority by the board to practice as a certified public accountant or who meets the limited reciprocity privilege requirements pursuant to section 32-725. See Arizona Laws 32-701
  • Change of ownership: means a transfer of a controlling legal or equitable interest in a licensed funeral establishment or crematory resulting from a sale or merger. See Arizona Laws 32-1301
  • Chiropractic assistant: means an unlicensed person who has completed an educational training program approved by the board, who assists in basic health care duties in the practice of chiropractic under the supervision of a doctor of chiropractic and who performs delegated duties commensurate with the chiropractic assistant's education and training but who does not evaluate, interpret, design or modify established treatment programs of chiropractic care or violate any statute. See Arizona Laws 32-900
  • Claim: means an obligation for the payment of money or its equivalent and a sum or sums owed, due or asserted to be owed or due to another, for which a person is employed to demand payment and collect or enforce such payment, and includes:

    (a) Obligations for the payment of money to another, in the form of conditional sales agreements, notwithstanding the personal property sold thereunder, for which payment is claimed or may be or is repossessed in lieu of payment. See Arizona Laws 32-1001

  • Client: means a person or entity, other than one's employer, for whom accounting services are provided. See Arizona Laws 32-701
  • Collection agency: means :

    (a) All persons engaged directly or indirectly in soliciting claims for collection or in collection of claims owed, due or asserted to be owed or due. See Arizona Laws 32-1001

  • Commercial contractor: is synonymous with the terms "commercial builder" "industrial builder" and "public works builder" and means any person, firm, partnership, corporation, association or other organization, or a combination of any of them, that, for compensation, undertakes to or offers to undertake to, purports to have the capacity to undertake to, submits a bid or responds to a request for qualification or a request for proposals for construction services to, does himself or by or through others, or directly or indirectly supervises others, except within residential property lines, to:

    (a) Construct, alter, repair, add to, subtract from, improve, move, wreck or demolish any building, highway, road, railroad, excavation or other structure, project, development or improvement, or to do any part thereof, including the erection of scaffolding or any other structure or work in connection with the construction. See Arizona Laws 32-1101

  • commission: means the marketing commission established under section 3-413. See Arizona Laws 3-401
  • committee: means a marketing committee established by a marketing agreement according to section 3-426. See Arizona Laws 3-401
  • Compilation services: means providing a service of any compilation engagement to be performed in accordance with the statements on standards for accounting and review services. See Arizona Laws 32-701
  • Construction contract: means a written or oral agreement relating to the construction, alteration, repair, maintenance, moving or demolition of any building, structure or improvement or relating to the excavation of or other development or improvement to land. See Arizona Laws 32-1181
  • Consulting services: includes management advisory services, litigation support services, valuation services and other services that require the use of technical skills, education, observation, experience and knowledge to develop an analytical approach to process and to present findings, conclusions or recommendations. See Arizona Laws 32-701
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Contractor: means any person, firm, partnership, corporation, association or other organization, or a combination of any of them, that has a direct contract with an owner to perform work under a construction contract. See Arizona Laws 32-1181
  • Conviction: means a criminal adjudication or conviction by any state or federal court of competent jurisdiction, including a judgment based on a no contest plea, without regard to whether civil rights have been restored. See Arizona Laws 32-1301
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Conviction: means a judgment of conviction by any state or federal court of competent jurisdiction in a criminal cause, regardless of whether an appeal is pending or could be taken, and includes any judgment or order based on a plea of no contest. See Arizona Laws 32-701
  • Corporate credit union: means a credit union whose field of membership consists of other credit unions and organizations or associations owned by or composed of credit unions and corporations or associations which primarily serve credit unions. See Arizona Laws 6-501
  • Cosmetic purposes: means for the purpose of beautifying, preserving or conferring comeliness, excluding therapeutic massage and manipulations. See Arizona Laws 32-501
  • Cosmetologist: means a person who is licensed to practice cosmetology pursuant to this chapter. See Arizona Laws 32-501
  • Cosmetology: means any one or a combination of the following practices if they are performed for cosmetic purposes:

    (a) Massaging, cleansing, stimulating, manipulating, exercising, beautifying or applying oils, creams, antiseptics, clays, lotions or other preparations, either by hand or by mechanical or electrical appliances. See Arizona Laws 32-501

  • Counterclaim: A claim that a defendant makes against a plaintiff.
  • CPA designation: means the title "certified public accountant" or any abbreviation or grammatical derivative of the term "certified public accountant". See Arizona Laws 32-701
  • Credit union: means a cooperative nonprofit association which is incorporated under this chapter for the purposes of encouraging thrift among its members and creating a source of credit and other financial services at fair and reasonable cost. See Arizona Laws 6-501
  • Cremated remains: means the remaining bone fragments after cremation. See Arizona Laws 32-1301
  • Cremation: means the heating process that reduces human remains to bone fragments by combustion and evaporation. See Arizona Laws 32-1301
  • Cremation container: means a leak and spill resistant, rigid, combustible, closed receptacle into which human remains are placed before cremation. See Arizona Laws 32-1301
  • Cremationist: means a person who operates a crematory retort, who performs the actual cremation of human remains and who may be licensed pursuant to article 6 of this chapter. See Arizona Laws 32-1301
  • Crematory: means a building or portion of a building that is licensed pursuant to article 6 of this chapter and that houses a retort in which only human remains are cremated. See Arizona Laws 32-1301
  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Dental assistant: means any person who acts as an assistant to a dentist, dental therapist or dental hygienist by rendering personal services to a patient that involve close proximity to the patient while the patient is under treatment or observation or undergoing diagnostic procedures. See Arizona Laws 32-1201
  • Dental hygienist: means any person who is licensed and engaged in the general practice of dental hygiene and all related and associated duties, including educational, clinical and therapeutic dental hygiene procedures. See Arizona Laws 32-1201
  • Dental incompetence: means lacking in sufficient dentistry knowledge or skills, or both, in that field of dentistry in which the dentist, dental therapist, denturist or dental hygienist concerned engages, to a degree likely to endanger the health of that person's patients. See Arizona Laws 32-1201
  • Dental laboratory technician: means any person, other than a licensed dentist, who, pursuant to a written work order of a dentist, fabricates artificial teeth, prosthetic appliances or other mechanical and artificial contrivances designed to correct or alleviate injuries or defects, both developmental and acquired, disorders or deficiencies of the human oral cavity, teeth, investing tissues, maxilla or mandible or adjacent associated structures. See Arizona Laws 32-1201
  • Dental therapist: means any person who is licensed and engaged in the general practice of dental therapy and all related and associated duties, including educational, clinical and therapeutic dental therapy procedures. See Arizona Laws 32-1201
  • Denturist: means a person practicing denture technology pursuant to article 5 of this chapter. See Arizona Laws 32-1201
  • Department: means the department of financial institutions. See Arizona Laws 32-1001
  • Direct supervision: means that a physician, physician assistant licensed pursuant to chapter 25 of this title or nurse practitioner certified pursuant to chapter 15 of this title is within the same room or office suite as the medical assistant in order to be available for consultation regarding those tasks the medical assistant performs pursuant to section 32-1456. See Arizona Laws 32-1401
  • Disciplinary action: means an action taken by the board to revoke or suspend a license or registration, to impose probationary requirements or civil penalties or to issue a letter of censure or reprimand to any person who is subject to this chapter and who violates any provision of this chapter or rules adopted by the board. See Arizona Laws 32-1301
  • Disciplinary action: means any other regulatory sanctions imposed by the board in combination with, or as an alternative to, relinquishment, revocation or suspension of a certificate or registration, including the imposition of:

    (a) An administrative penalty in an amount not to exceed two thousand dollars for each violation of this chapter or rules adopted pursuant to this chapter. See Arizona Laws 32-701

  • Disciplinary action: means regulatory sanctions that are imposed by the board in combination with, or as an alternative to, revocation or suspension of a license and that may include:

    (a) Imposition of an administrative penalty in an amount not to exceed two thousand dollars for each violation of this chapter or rules adopted under this chapter. See Arizona Laws 32-1201

  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Dispense: means the delivery by a doctor of medicine of a prescription drug or device to a patient, except for samples packaged for individual use by licensed manufacturers or repackagers of drugs, and includes the prescribing, administering, packaging, labeling and security necessary to prepare and safeguard the drug or device for delivery. See Arizona Laws 32-1401
  • Doctor of chiropractic: means a natural person who holds a license to practice chiropractic pursuant to this chapter. See Arizona Laws 32-900
  • Doctor of medicine: means a natural person holding a license, registration or permit to practice medicine pursuant to this chapter. See Arizona Laws 32-1401
  • Dual licensed contractor: is synonymous with the term "commercial and residential builder" and means any person, firm, partnership, corporation, association or other organization, or a combination of any of them, that for compensation undertakes to or offers to undertake to, purports to have the capacity to undertake to, submits a bid or responds to a request for qualification or a request for proposals for construction services to, does himself or by or through others, or directly or indirectly supervises others under a single license on commercial or residential property to:

    (a) Construct, alter, repair, add to, subtract from, improve, move, wreck or demolish any building, excavation or other structure or improvement, including any appurtenances, or to do any part thereof. See Arizona Laws 32-1101

  • Electrical appliances: means devices that use electrical current and includes lasers and IPL devices as defined in section 32-516. See Arizona Laws 32-501
  • Electrical treatment: means the use of electricity in the diagnosis or treatment of an ailment of the foot or leg by electrodes, lights, rays, vibrators or a machine run by electricity. See Arizona Laws 32-801
  • Embalmer: means a person who is licensed pursuant to this chapter and who is engaged in embalming. See Arizona Laws 32-1301
  • Embalming: means the implementation of reconstructive procedures and the process of disinfecting and preserving a dead human body to retard organic decomposition by treating the body to reduce the presence and growth of organisms. See Arizona Laws 32-1301
  • Embezzlement: In most states, embezzlement is defined as theft/larceny of assets (money or property) by a person in a position of trust or responsibility over those assets. Embezzlement typically occurs in the employment and corporate settings. Source: OCC
  • Employer: means a person or entity that hires an individual to perform a service and that directs and controls the manner in which the service is performed. See Arizona Laws 32-701
  • Engineer: means a person who, by reason of special knowledge of the mathematical and physical sciences and the principles and methods of engineering analysis and design acquired by professional education and practical experience, is qualified to practice engineering and is registered as a professional engineer pursuant to this chapter. See Arizona Laws 32-101
  • Enterprise: means any person under the jurisdiction of the department other than a financial institution. See Arizona Laws 6-101
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • Executive session: A portion of the Senate's daily session in which it considers executive business.
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation: A government corporation that insures the deposits of all national and state banks that are members of the Federal Reserve System. Source: OCC
  • Federal securities laws: means the securities act of 1933, the securities exchange act of 1934, the public utility holding company act of 1935 and the investment company act of 1940, as amended. See Arizona Laws 32-701
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • Final completion: means the earliest of the following:

    (a) When the work, or the work under a portion of a construction contract for which the contract states a separate price, has been completed in accordance with the terms and conditions of the construction contract. See Arizona Laws 32-1181

  • Financial institution: means a bank, savings and loan association, trust company or credit union that is lawfully doing business in this state and that is not affiliated with a funeral establishment. See Arizona Laws 32-1301
  • Financial institution: means a person who does business under any other law of this state or law of another state or the United States relating to banks, trust companies, savings and loan associations, credit unions and savings banks. See Arizona Laws 32-1001
  • Firm: means any individual or partnership, corporation or other type of association, including the association of a nonregistrant and a registrant who offers to the public professional services regulated by the board. See Arizona Laws 32-101
  • Firm: means a business organization, a sole proprietorship or an individual who is registered pursuant to section 32-731. See Arizona Laws 32-701
  • Fixed price prearranged funeral agreement funded by trust: means any agreement or combination of agreements that establishes a fixed price for funeral goods and services, that requires a funeral establishment to provide those funeral goods and services at the price levels in effect at the time of the execution of the agreement and that requires the purchaser to convey all or a portion of the accrued interest to the funeral establishment at the time that the funeral goods and services are actually provided. See Arizona Laws 32-1301
  • Forgery: The fraudulent signing or alteration of another's name to an instrument such as a deed, mortgage, or check. The intent of the forgery is to deceive or defraud. Source: OCC
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Full-time faculty member: means a physician who is employed full time as a faculty member while holding the academic position of assistant professor or a higher position at an approved school of medicine. See Arizona Laws 32-1401
  • Fund: means the residential contractors' recovery fund. See Arizona Laws 32-1131
  • Funded by insurance: means that monies for a prearranged funeral agreement are paid directly to an insurance company licensed pursuant to title 20 on behalf of the beneficiary of the agreement. See Arizona Laws 32-1301
  • Funeral directing: means arranging, directing or providing a service in the disposition of dead human bodies for compensation. See Arizona Laws 32-1301
  • Funeral director: means a person who is licensed pursuant to this chapter and who is engaged in funeral directing. See Arizona Laws 32-1301
  • Funeral establishment: means a business at a specific location that is licensed pursuant to this chapter and that is devoted to the care, storage or preparation for final disposition or transportation of dead human bodies. See Arizona Laws 32-1301
  • Funeral goods and services: means any personal property or services that are typically sold or provided in connection with the final disposition of human remains, including caskets, alternative containers, outer burial containers, cremation containers, transportation containers, funeral clothing or accessories, monuments, grave markers, urns, embalming services, funeral directing services and similar funeral or burial items. See Arizona Laws 32-1301
  • Geological practice: means any professional service or work requiring geological education, training and experience, and the application of special knowledge of the earth sciences to such professional services as consultation, evaluation of mining properties, petroleum properties and groundwater resources, professional supervision of exploration for mineral natural resources including metallic and nonmetallic ores, petroleum and groundwater, and the geological phases of engineering investigations. See Arizona Laws 32-101
  • Geologist: means a person, not of necessity an engineer, who by reason of special knowledge of the earth sciences and the principles and methods of search for and appraisal of mineral or other natural resources acquired by professional education and practical experience is qualified to practice geology as attested by registration as a professional geologist. See Arizona Laws 32-101
  • Good cause: means factors that temporarily prevent a registrant from satisfying a particular requirement in a specific instance as determined by the board and may include:

    (a) A disability. See Arizona Laws 32-701

  • Good moral character: means that a person:

    (a) Has not been convicted of a class 1 or 2 felony by a court of competent jurisdiction. See Arizona Laws 32-1301

  • Governmental unit: means a board, agency, department, authority, instrumentality or other unit or organization of the federal, state, county, municipal or other level of government. See Arizona Laws 6-501
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • Hairstyling: means either of the following:

    (a) Cutting, clipping or trimming hair. See Arizona Laws 32-501

  • Hairstylist: means a person who is licensed to practice hairstyling pursuant to this chapter. See Arizona Laws 32-501
  • Health care institution: means any facility as defined in section 36-401, any person authorized to transact disability insurance, as defined in title 20, chapter 6, article 4 or 5, any person who is issued a certificate of authority pursuant to title 20, chapter 4, article 9 or any other partnership, association or corporation that provides health care to consumers. See Arizona Laws 32-1401
  • Holding facility: means a designated area for the retention of human remains. See Arizona Laws 32-1301
  • Home inspection: means a visual analysis for the purposes of providing a professional opinion of the building, any reasonably accessible installed components and the operation of the building's systems, including the controls normally operated by the owner, for the following components of a residential building of four units or less:

    (a) Heating system. See Arizona Laws 32-101

  • Home inspection report: means a written report that is prepared for compensation, that is issued after a home inspection and that clearly describes and identifies the inspected systems, structures and components of a completed dwelling and any visible major defects found to be in need of immediate major repair and any recommendations for additional evaluation by appropriate persons. See Arizona Laws 32-101
  • Home inspector: means an individual who is certified pursuant to this chapter as a home inspector and who engages in the business of performing home inspections and writing home inspection reports. See Arizona Laws 32-101
  • Human remains: means a lifeless human body or parts of a human body that allow a reasonable inference that death occurred. See Arizona Laws 32-1301
  • Immediate family: means the spouse, natural or adopted children, father, mother, brothers and sisters of the doctor and the natural or adopted children, father, mother, brothers and sisters of the doctor's spouse. See Arizona Laws 32-1401
  • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
  • Instructor: means a person who is licensed to teach barbering pursuant to this chapter. See Arizona Laws 32-301
  • Instructor: means a person who is licensed to teach cosmetology, aesthetics, nail technology or hairstyling, or any combination thereof, pursuant to this chapter. See Arizona Laws 32-501
  • Insuring organization: means the national credit union administration or successor organization or any other equivalent insurer approved by the superintendent. See Arizona Laws 6-501
  • Intern: means a person who is licensed pursuant to this chapter and who is engaged in either or both of the following:

    (a) Embalming under the supervision of a licensed embalmer. See Arizona Laws 32-1301

  • Intern trainee: means a person who intends to enter training as an intern and who is temporarily employed by a funeral establishment. See Arizona Laws 32-1301
  • Irregularities in billing: means submitting any claim, bill or government assistance claim to any patient, responsible party or third-party payor for dental services rendered that is materially false with the intent to receive unearned income as evidenced by any of the following:

    (a) Charges for services not rendered. See Arizona Laws 32-1201

  • Jurisdiction: means , for the purposes of examination, certification, firm registration or limited reciprocity privilege, the fifty states of the United States, the District of Columbia, the United States Virgin Islands, Guam, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands or the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. See Arizona Laws 32-701
  • Jurisprudence: The study of law and the structure of the legal system.
  • Landscape architect: means a person who, by reason of professional education or practical experience, or both, is qualified to engage in the practice of landscape architecture as attested by registration as a landscape architect. See Arizona Laws 32-101
  • Lawsuit: A legal action started by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a complaint that the defendant failed to perform a legal duty, resulting in harm to the plaintiff.
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Leg: means that part of the lower limb between the knee and the foot. See Arizona Laws 32-801
  • Letter of concern: means an advisory letter to notify a registrant that, while the evidence does not warrant disciplinary action, the board believes that the registrant should modify or eliminate certain practices and that continuation of the activities that led to the evidence being submitted to the board may result in board action against the registrant. See Arizona Laws 32-701
  • Letter of concern: means an advisory letter to notify a podiatrist that while there is insufficient evidence to support a disciplinary action the board believes the podiatrist should modify or eliminate certain practices and that continuation of the activities that led to the information being submitted to the board may result in action against the podiatrist's license. See Arizona Laws 32-801
  • Letter of concern: means an advisory letter to notify a licensee or a registered business entity that, while the evidence does not warrant disciplinary action, the board believes that the licensee or registered business entity should modify or eliminate certain practices and that continuation of the activities that led to the information being submitted to the board may result in board action against the practitioner's license or the business entity's registration. See Arizona Laws 32-1201
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • License: means a written authorization that is issued by the board and that entitles a person to act as a funeral director, embalmer or intern or to operate a funeral establishment or crematory in this state. See Arizona Laws 32-1301
  • License: means a license to practice podiatry. See Arizona Laws 32-801
  • License: means a license to practice chiropractic. See Arizona Laws 32-900
  • License: means an authorization for the person who is listed on the electronic, paper or other records maintained by the registrar to act in the capacity of a contractor. See Arizona Laws 32-1101
  • Licensed: means licensed pursuant to this chapter. See Arizona Laws 32-1201
  • Licensee: means a person to whom the board has issued a license to act as a funeral director, embalmer or intern or to operate a funeral establishment or crematory in this state. See Arizona Laws 32-1301
  • Limited reciprocity privilege: means the permission to practice as a certified public accountant in this state pursuant to section 32-725 for an individual whose principal place of business is outside of this state. See Arizona Laws 32-701
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • Manage: means :

    (a) That a responsible funeral director exercises control and oversight over all employees of a funeral establishment and over funeral transactions, including the care of dead human bodies, funeral services and activities and the documentation and retention of records. See Arizona Laws 32-1301

  • Management advisory services: means advisory services consisting of the development of findings, conclusions or recommendations for the recipient's consideration and decision making. See Arizona Laws 32-701
  • Medical assistant: means an unlicensed person who meets the requirements of section 32-1456, has completed an education program approved by the board, assists in a medical practice under the supervision of a doctor of medicine, physician assistant or nurse practitioner and performs delegated procedures commensurate with the assistant's education and training but does not diagnose, interpret, design or modify established treatment programs or perform any functions that would violate any statute applicable to the practice of medicine. See Arizona Laws 32-1401
  • Medical peer review: means :

    (a) The participation by a doctor of medicine in the review and evaluation of the medical management of a patient and the use of resources for patient care. See Arizona Laws 32-1401

  • Medically incompetent: means a person who the board determines is incompetent based on a variety of factors, including:

    (a) A lack of sufficient medical knowledge or skills, or both, to a degree likely to endanger the health of patients. See Arizona Laws 32-1401

  • Medicine: means allopathic medicine as practiced by the recipient of a degree of doctor of medicine. See Arizona Laws 32-1401
  • Membership share: means a balance held by a credit union and established by a member according to the standards prescribed by the credit union. See Arizona Laws 6-501
  • Mentor: means a barber who is approved by the board to train a person in a department of economic security-approved apprenticeship program in barbering in an establishment that is licensed by the board. See Arizona Laws 32-301
  • Mentor: means a cosmetologist who is approved by the board to train a person in a department of economic security-approved apprenticeship program in cosmetology in an establishment that is licensed by the board. See Arizona Laws 32-501
  • Mobile dental facility: means a facility in which dentistry is practiced and that is routinely towed, moved or transported from one location to another. See Arizona Laws 32-1299.21
  • Month: means a calendar month unless otherwise expressed. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Nail technician: means a person who is licensed to practice nail technology pursuant to this chapter. See Arizona Laws 32-501
  • Nail technology: means any of the following:

    (a) Cutting, trimming, polishing, coloring, tinting, cleansing or otherwise treating a person's nails. See Arizona Laws 32-501

  • Named on a license: means required to be identified pursuant to section 32-1122, subsection B. See Arizona Laws 32-1101
  • National board examination: means the test or tests given by the conference of funeral service examining boards to determine the entry level knowledge and skills of a person regarding funeral directing and embalming. See Arizona Laws 32-1301
  • National Credit Union Administration: The federal regulatory agency that charters and supervises federal credit unions. (NCUA also administers the National Credit Union Share Insurance Fund, which insures the deposits of federal credit unions.) Source: OCC
  • Net interest: means interest earned on a prearranged funeral trust account minus applicable taxes, reasonable and necessary charges made by the financial institution and the annual service fee allowed to be deducted by the funeral establishment according to section 32-1391. See Arizona Laws 32-1301
  • Oath: includes an affirmation or declaration. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Office based surgery: means a medical procedure conducted in a physician's office or other outpatient setting that is not part of a licensed hospital or licensed ambulatory surgical center. See Arizona Laws 32-1401
  • order: means an order that is developed by producers or shippers of the affected commodity and that is issued by the director pursuant to this article. See Arizona Laws 3-401
  • Organization: means any corporation, association, partnership, society, firm, syndicate, trust or other legal entity. See Arizona Laws 6-501
  • Outer burial container: means a container that is designed for placement in a grave around a casket, including burial vaults, grave boxes and grave liners. See Arizona Laws 32-1301
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • Owner: means a person who owns ten percent or more of a business entity. See Arizona Laws 32-1301
  • Owner: means any person, firm, partnership, corporation, association or other organization, or a combination of any of them, that causes a building, structure or improvement to be constructed, altered, repaired, maintained, moved or demolished or that causes land to be excavated or otherwise developed or improved, whether the interest or estate of the person is in fee, as vendee under a contract to purchase, as lessee or another interest or estate less than fee. See Arizona Laws 32-1181
  • Permit holder: means a dentist, dental hygienist, denturist or registered business entity that is authorized by this chapter to offer dental services in this state or a nonprofit organization, school district or school or institution of higher education that may employ a licensee to provide dental services and that is authorized by this article to operate a mobile dental facility or portable dental unit. See Arizona Laws 32-1299.21
  • Person: means any individual, firm, partnership, corporation, association or other organization. See Arizona Laws 32-101
  • Person: means any individual, firm, corporation, trust, association or partnership. See Arizona Laws 3-401
  • Person: includes a corporation, company, partnership, firm, association or society, as well as a natural person. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Person: means an individual, firm, partnership, association or corporation. See Arizona Laws 32-1001
  • Person: means a corporation, company, partnership, firm, association, trust, society or natural person. See Arizona Laws 32-1101
  • Person legally responsible: means the person responsible for burying a dead body as determined in section 36-831. See Arizona Laws 32-1301
  • Petty offense: A federal misdemeanor punishable by six months or less in prison. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Physical medicine modalities: means any physical agent applied to produce therapeutic change to biologic tissues, including thermal, acoustic, noninvasive light, mechanical or electric energy, hot or cold packs, ultrasound, galvanism, microwave, diathermy and electrical stimulation. See Arizona Laws 32-900
  • Physician: means a doctor of medicine who is licensed pursuant to this chapter. See Arizona Laws 32-1401
  • Place of practice: means each physical location at which a person who is licensed pursuant to this chapter performs services subject to this chapter. See Arizona Laws 32-1201
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Podiatrist: is synonymous with podiatric physician and surgeon and means a person who, within the limitations of this chapter, is registered and licensed to practice podiatry by means of the diagnosis or medical, surgical, mechanical, manipulative or electrical treatment of ailments of the human foot and leg, but does not include amputation of the leg or entire foot or administration of an anesthetic other than local. See Arizona Laws 32-801
  • Podiatry: is synonymous with chiropody and means the diagnosis or medical, surgical, mechanical, manipulative or electrical treatment of ailments of the human foot and leg, but does not include amputation of the leg or entire foot or administration of an anesthetic other than local. See Arizona Laws 32-801
  • Population: means the population according to the most recent United States decennial census. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Portable dental unit: means a nonfacility in which dental equipment used in the practice of dentistry is transported to and used on a temporary basis at an out-of-office location. See Arizona Laws 32-1299.21
  • Practice of accounting: means providing accounting services for a client or an employer. See Arizona Laws 32-701
  • Practice of medicine: means the diagnosis, the treatment or the correction of or the attempt or the claim to be able to diagnose, treat or correct any and all human diseases, injuries, ailments, infirmities or deformities, physical or mental, real or imaginary, by any means, methods, devices or instrumentalities, except as the same may be among the acts or persons not affected by this chapter. See Arizona Laws 32-1401
  • Prearranged funeral agreement: means any agreement or combination of agreements under which a payment is made before the death of the intended beneficiary for funeral goods and services to be delivered or performed after the death of the beneficiary. See Arizona Laws 32-1301
  • Prearranged funeral trust account: means a trust account that is established at a financial institution and into which all monies paid on behalf of a beneficiary pursuant to a prearranged funeral agreement are deposited. See Arizona Laws 32-1301
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • Preparation: means washing, shaving, dressing or arranging hair on, applying cosmetics to or positioning bodily features on a dead human body and placing dead human body in a casket. See Arizona Laws 32-1301
  • Primary mailing address: means the address on file with the board and to which official board correspondence, notices or documents are delivered in a manner determined by the board. See Arizona Laws 32-1201
  • Principal: means an individual who is an officer of the corporation or is designated by a firm as having full authority and responsible charge of the services offered by the firm. See Arizona Laws 32-101
  • Processed cremated remains: means cremated remains after they are pulverized and cleaned, leaving primarily small bone fragments. See Arizona Laws 32-1301
  • Producer: means a person that has a financial interest in producing or causing citrus, fruit or vegetable commodities to be produced for market in commercial quantities. See Arizona Laws 3-401
  • Property: includes both real and personal property. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • Provisionally accredited: means granted candidacy status by the American board of funeral service education. See Arizona Laws 32-1301
  • Public debt: Cumulative amounts borrowed by the Treasury Department or the Federal Financing Bank from the public or from another fund or account. The public debt does not include agency debt (amounts borrowed by other agencies of the Federal Government). The total public debt is subject to a statutory limit.
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • Qualifying party: means a person who is responsible for a licensee's actions and conduct performed under the license and who either:

    (a) Has an ownership interest in the license. See Arizona Laws 32-1101

  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Recognized dental hygiene school: means a school that has a dental hygiene program with a minimum two academic year curriculum, or the equivalent of four semesters, and that is approved by the board and accredited by the American dental association commission on dental accreditation. See Arizona Laws 32-1201
  • Recognized dental school: means a dental school that is accredited by the American dental association commission on dental accreditation. See Arizona Laws 32-1201
  • Recognized dental therapy school: means a school that is accredited or that has received initial accreditation by the American dental association commission on dental accreditation. See Arizona Laws 32-1201
  • Recognized denturist school: means a denturist school that maintains standards of entrance, study and graduation and that is accredited by the United States department of education or the council on higher education accreditation. See Arizona Laws 32-1201
  • Recourse: An arrangement in which a bank retains, in form or in substance, any credit risk directly or indirectly associated with an asset it has sold (in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles) that exceeds a pro rata share of the bank's claim on the asset. If a bank has no claim on an asset it has sold, then the retention of any credit risk is recourse. Source: FDIC
  • Registered mail: includes certified mail. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Registrant: means a person registered or certified by the board. See Arizona Laws 32-101
  • Registrant: means any certified public accountant or firm that is registered with the board. See Arizona Laws 32-701
  • Registrar: means the registrar of contractors. See Arizona Laws 32-1101
  • Registration: means a written authorization that is issued by the board and that entitles a person to act as an assistant funeral director, an embalmer's assistant or a prearranged funeral salesperson in this state. See Arizona Laws 32-1301
  • Registration: means a registration or certification issued by the board. See Arizona Laws 32-101
  • Related courses: means :

    (a) Business administration. See Arizona Laws 32-701

  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
  • Residential contractor: means a contractor as defined in section 32-1101 who is licensed to perform work on residential property pursuant to this chapter and who engages in residential contracting. See Arizona Laws 32-1131
  • Responsible cremationist: means a licensed cremationist who manages a crematory. See Arizona Laws 32-1301
  • Responsible funeral director: means a person who is licensed pursuant to this chapter, who is engaged in funeral directing and who manages and is accountable for a funeral establishment. See Arizona Laws 32-1301
  • Retention: means a portion of a progress payment otherwise due from the owner to the contractor that is withheld pursuant to the terms and conditions of a construction contract to ensure proper performance of the construction contract. See Arizona Laws 32-1181
  • Retort: means an enclosed space within which cremation takes place. See Arizona Laws 32-1301
  • salon: means an establishment that is operated for the purpose of engaging in the practice of barbering. See Arizona Laws 32-301
  • Salon: means any of the following:

    (a) An establishment that is operated for the purpose of engaging in the practice of cosmetology, aesthetics, nail technology or hairstyling, or any combination of the listed practices. See Arizona Laws 32-501

  • School: means an establishment that is operated for the purpose of teaching barbering. See Arizona Laws 32-301
  • School: means an establishment that is operated for the purpose of teaching cosmetology, aesthetics, nail technology or hairstyling, or any combination of the listed practices. See Arizona Laws 32-501
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • sexual conduct: includes :

    (i) Engaging in or soliciting sexual relationships, whether consensual or nonconsensual. See Arizona Laws 32-1401

  • Shipper: means a person that engages in shipping, transporting, selling or marketing citrus, fruits or vegetables under the shipper's own registered trademark or label or a person that first markets the fruits or vegetables for the producer. See Arizona Laws 3-401
  • Solar contractor: means a contractor, as defined in section 32-1101, who installs, alters or repairs solar devices. See Arizona Laws 32-1170
  • Solar device: means a device for the use and application of solar energy incidental to:

    (a) Boilers, steamfitting and process piping. See Arizona Laws 32-1170

  • Sole proprietor: means the owner of a sole proprietorship. See Arizona Laws 32-701
  • Sole proprietorship: means a business that is owned by one individual and that does not have a legal distinction between the owner and the business. See Arizona Laws 32-701
  • Special purpose licensing examination: means an examination that is developed by the national board of medical examiners on behalf of the federation of state medical boards for use by state licensing boards to test the basic medical competence of physicians who are applying for licensure and who have been in practice for a considerable period of time in another jurisdiction and to determine the competence of a physician who is under investigation by a state licensing board. See Arizona Laws 32-1401
  • State equivalent examination: means the test or tests that are provided by the conference of funeral service examining boards and offered by the board to determine the entry level knowledge and skills of a person regarding funeral directing and embalming. See Arizona Laws 32-1301
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
  • Subcontractor: means any person, firm, partnership, corporation, association or other organization, or a combination of any of them, that has a direct contract with a contractor or another subcontractor to perform a portion of the work under a construction contract. See Arizona Laws 32-1181
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Superintendent: means the superintendent of financial institutions. See Arizona Laws 32-1001
  • Superintendent: means the superintendent of financial institutions. See Arizona Laws 6-101
  • Supervised personnel: means all dental hygienists, dental assistants, dental laboratory technicians, dental therapists, denturists, dental x-ray laboratory technicians and other persons supervised by licensed dentists. See Arizona Laws 32-1201
  • supervision: means that a licensed embalmer has responsibility for and is within sight and sound of a licensed intern who is embalming a dead human body or a student who is assisting in embalming a dead human body. See Arizona Laws 32-1301
  • Teledentistry: means the use of data transmitted through interactive audio, video or data communications for the purposes of examination, diagnosis, treatment planning, consultation and directing the delivery of treatment by dentists and dental providers in settings permissible under this chapter or specified in rules adopted by the board. See Arizona Laws 32-1201
  • Temporary container: means a receptacle that is usually made of cardboard, rigid plastic or another similar material and that is designed to hold processed cremated remains until they are placed in an urn or another permanent container. See Arizona Laws 32-1301
  • Temporary restraining order: Prohibits a person from an action that is likely to cause irreparable harm. This differs from an injunction in that it may be granted immediately, without notice to the opposing party, and without a hearing. It is intended to last only until a hearing can be held.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Therapeutic procedures: means the application of clinical skills and services, including therapeutic exercise, therapeutic activities, manual therapy techniques, massage and structural supports, to improve a patient's neuromusculoskeletal condition. See Arizona Laws 32-900
  • Threading: means a service that results in the removal of hair from its follicle from around the eyebrows and from other parts of the face with the use of a single strand of cotton thread and an over-the-counter astringent, if the service does not use chemicals of any kind, wax or any implements, instruments or tools to remove hair. See Arizona Laws 32-501
  • Title: includes this title, title 32, chapters 9 and 36 and title 44, chapter 2. See Arizona Laws 6-101
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Trust account: A general term that covers all types of accounts in a trust department, such as estates, guardianships, and agencies. Source: OCC
  • Trust funds: means all monies that are deposited on behalf of a beneficiary of a prearranged funeral agreement funded by trust and all accrued net interest. See Arizona Laws 32-1301
  • United States: includes the District of Columbia and the territories. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Universal precautions: means the universal blood and fluid precautions recommended by the centers for disease control of the United States public health service to prevent the transmission of bloodborne and bodily fluid-borne infectious diseases. See Arizona Laws 32-1301
  • Unprofessional conduct: includes the following, whether occurring in this state or elsewhere:

    (a) Violating any federal or state laws, rules or regulations applicable to the practice of medicine. See Arizona Laws 32-1401

  • Unprofessional conduct: includes the following acts, whether occurring in this state or elsewhere:

    (a) Committing a class 1 or 2 felony. See Arizona Laws 32-1301

  • Urn: means a receptacle into which processed cremated remains are placed for disposition. See Arizona Laws 32-1301
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • Wilfully: means , with respect to conduct or to a circumstance described by a statute defining an offense, that a person is aware or believes that the person's conduct is of that nature or that the circumstance exists. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Work: means the labor, materials, equipment and services to be provided by a contractor or subcontractor under a construction contract. See Arizona Laws 32-1181