§ 100 (a) This division shall be known and may be cited as the General …
§ 101 Unless the provision or the context otherwise requires, the general …
§ 102 (a) Subject to Chapter 23 (commencing with Section 2300) …
§ 103 Every corporation organized under the laws of this state, any other …
§ 104 Unless otherwise expressly provided, whenever reference is made in …
§ 105 A corporation or association may be sued as provided in the Code of …
§ 106 Any corporation heretofore or hereafter formed under this division …
§ 107 No corporation, social purpose corporation, association, or …
§ 108 The fees of the Secretary of State for filing instruments by or on …
§ 109 (a) Any agreement, certificate or other instrument relating to a …
§ 109.5 (a) Provisions of the articles described in paragraph (3) of …
§ 110 (a) Upon receipt of any instrument by the Secretary of State for …
§ 110.5 The Secretary of State may cancel the filing of articles of a …
§ 111 All references in this division to the voting of shares include the …
§ 112 If the articles provide for more or less than one vote for any share …
§ 113 Any reference in this division to mailing means first-class mail, …
§ 114 All references in this division to financial statements, balance …
§ 115 As used in this division, independent accountant means a certified …
§ 116 Nothing contained in this division modifies the provisions of …
§ 117 Any requirement in this division for a vote of each class of …
§ 118 Any reference in this division to the time a notice is given or sent …
§ 149 “Acknowledged” means that an instrument is either:(a) Formally …
§ 150 A corporation is an “affiliate” of, or a corporation is “affiliated” …
§ 151 “Approved by (or approval of) the board” means approved or ratified …
§ 152 “Approved by (or approval of) the outstanding shares” means approved …
§ 153 “Approved by (or approval of) the shareholders” means approved or …
§ 154 “Articles” includes the articles of incorporation, amendments …
§ 155 “Board” means the board of directors of the corporation.
§ 156 “Certificate of determination” means a certificate executed and filed …
§ 156.1 “Certificated security” means a share (Section 184), as defined in …
§ 156.5 “Certificate of Redomestication” is the document by which the …
§ 156.6 All references in this division to “chairperson of the board” shall …
§ 157 “Chapter” refers to a chapter of this Division 1 of Title 1 of the …
§ 158 (a) “Close corporation” means a corporation, including a close …
§ 159 “Common shares” means shares which have no preference over any other …
§ 160 (a) Except as provided in subdivision (b), “control” means the …
§ 161 “Constituent corporation” means a corporation which is merged with or …
§ 161.5 “Constituent limited partnership” means a limited partnership which …
§ 161.7 “Constituent other business entity” means an other business entity …
§ 161.9 “Conversion” means a conversion pursuant to Chapter 11.5 (commencing …
§ 162 “Corporation”, unless otherwise expressly provided, refers only to a …
§ 163 “Corporation subject to the Banking Law” (Division 1.1 (commencing …
§ 163.1 For purposes of subdivision (b) of Section 500 and subdivision (b) of …
§ 164 “Directors” means natural persons designated in the articles as such …
§ 165 “Disappearing corporation” means a constituent corporation which is …
§ 165.5 “Disappearing limited partnership” means a constituent limited …
§ 166 “Distribution to its shareholders” means the transfer of cash or …
§ 167 “Domestic corporation” means a corporation formed under the laws of …
§ 167.3 “Domestic limited liability company” means a limited liability …
§ 167.5 “Domestic limited partnership” means any limited partnership formed …
§ 167.7 “Domestic other business entity” means an other business entity …
§ 167.8 “Disappearing other business entity” means a constituent other …
§ 168 “Equity security” in Sections 181, 1001, 1113, 1200, and 1201 means …
§ 169 “Filed”, unless otherwise expressly provided, means filed in the …
§ 170 “Foreign association” means a business association organized as a …
§ 171 “Foreign corporation” means any corporation other than a domestic …
§ 171.03 “Foreign limited liability company” means a foreign limited liability …
§ 171.05 “Foreign limited partnership” means any limited partnership, …
§ 171.07 “Foreign other business entity” means an other business entity …
§ 171.08 “Social purpose corporation” means any social purpose corporation …
§ 171.1 “Initial transaction statement” means a statement signed by or on …
§ 171.3 “Limited liability company” means a limited liability company as …
§ 171.5 “Limited partnership” means a partnership formed by two or more …
§ 172 “Liquidation price” or “liquidation preference” means amounts payable …
§ 173 “Officers’ certificate” means a certificate signed and verified by …
§ 174 “On the certificate” means that a statement appears on the face of a …
§ 174.5 “Other business entity” means a domestic or foreign limited liability …
§ 175 Except as used in Sections 1001, 1101, and 1113, a “parent” of a …
§ 176 “Preferred shares” means shares other than common shares.
§ 177 “Proper county” means the county where the principal executive office …
§ 178 “Proxy” means a written authorization signed or an electronic …
§ 179 “Proxyholder” means the person or persons to whom a proxy is given.
§ 180 “Redemption price” means the amount or amounts (in cash, property or …
§ 180.5 “Redomestication” means the transfer of an insurer’s place of …
§ 181 “Reorganization” means either:(a) A merger pursuant to Chapter …
§ 182 “Reverse stock split” means the pro rata combination of all the …
§ 183 “Series” of shares means those shares within a class which have the …
§ 183.5 “Share exchange tender offer” means any acquisition by one …
§ 184 “Shares” means the units into which the proprietary interests in a …
§ 185 “Shareholder” means one who is a holder of record of shares.
§ 186 “Shareholders’ agreement” means a written agreement among all of the …
§ 187 “Short-form merger” means a merger pursuant to Section 1110.
§ 188 “Stock split” means the pro rata division, otherwise than by a share …
§ 189 (a) Except as provided in subdivision (b), “subsidiary” of a …
§ 190 “Surviving corporation” means a corporation into which one or more …
§ 190.5 “Surviving limited partnership” means a limited partnership into …
§ 190.7 “Surviving other business entity” means an other business entity into …
§ 191 (a) For the purposes of Chapter 21 (commencing with Section …
§ 191.1 “Uncertificated security” means a share (Section 184), or an …
§ 192 “Vacancy” when used with respect to the board means any authorized …
§ 193 “Verified” means that the statements contained in a certificate or …
§ 194 “Vote” includes authorization by written consent, subject to the …
§ 194.5 “Voting power” means the power to vote for the election of directors …
§ 194.7 “Voting shift” means a change, pursuant to or by operation of a …
§ 195 “Written” or “in writing” includes facsimile, telegraphic, and other …

Terms Used In California Codes > Corporations Code > Title 1 > Division 1 > Chapter 1 - General Provisions and Definitions

  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • assessed value: means 25 percent of full value to, and including, the 1980-81 fiscal year, and 100 percent of full value for the 1981-82 fiscal year and fiscal years thereafter. See California Government Code 25
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • City: includes "city and county" and "incorporated town" but does not include "unincorporated town" or "village. See California Government Code 20
  • County: includes city and county. See California Government Code 19
  • County: includes "city and county. See California Corporations Code 14
  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • department: whenever used in this code , unless the context otherwise requires, means the State Department of Education. See California Education Code 89
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • executed: when used with respect to the documents filed pursuant to this code or pursuant to regulations adopted under this code, and presented to the Secretary of State, include a document bearing a signature under subdivision (a). See California Corporations Code 17.1
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • Guarantor: A party who agrees to be responsible for the payment of another party's debts should that party default. Source: OCC
  • Inter vivos: Transfer of property from one living person to another living person.
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • Person: includes any person, firm, association, organization, partnership, limited liability company, business trust, corporation, or company. See California Government Code 17
  • Person: includes a corporation as well as a natural person. See California Corporations Code 18
  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • Signature: includes mark when the signer cannot write, such signer's name being written near the mark by a witness who writes his own name near the signer's name. See California Corporations Code 17
  • State: means the State of California, unless applied to the different parts of the United States. See California Government Code 18
  • State: means the State of California, unless applied to the different parts of the United States. See California Education Code 77
  • Subdivision: means a subdivision of the section in which the term occurs unless some other section is expressly mentioned. See California Government Code 10
  • Subdivision: means a subdivision of the section in which the term appears unless some other section is expressly mentioned. See California Corporations Code 10