Chapter 1 General Provisions and Definitions
Chapter 2 Organization and Bylaws
Chapter 3 Directors and Management
Chapter 4 Shares and Share Certificates
Chapter 5 Dividends and Reacquisitions of Shares
Chapter 6 Shareholders’ Meetings and Consents
Chapter 7 Voting of Shares
Chapter 8 Shareholder Derivative Actions
Chapter 9 Amendment of Articles
Chapter 10 Sales of Assets
Chapter 11 Merger
Chapter 11.5 Conversions
Chapter 12 Reorganizations
Chapter 13 Dissenters’ Rights
Chapter 14 Bankruptcy Reorganizations and Arrangements
Chapter 15 Records and Reports
Chapter 16 Rights of Inspection
Chapter 17 Service of Process
Chapter 18 Involuntary Dissolution
Chapter 19 Voluntary Dissolution
Chapter 20 General Provisions Relating to Dissolution
Chapter 21 Foreign Corporations
Chapter 22 Crimes and Penalties
Chapter 22.5 Victims of Corporate Fraud Compensation Fund
Chapter 23 Transition Provisions

Terms Used In California Codes > Corporations Code > Title 1 > Division 1

  • Access costs: means living expenses and expenses for transportation, supplies, technology, and books. See California Education Code 69432.7
  • Account: means the Dentally Underserved Account established in Section 1973, which is contained within the fund. See California Education Code 68051
  • Accrediting organization: means an organization approved by the board. See California Education Code 70110
  • Achievement level descriptors: means a narrative description of the knowledge, skills, and processes expected of pupils at different grade levels and at different performance levels on achievement tests. See California Education Code 60603
  • Achievement test: means any summative standardized test that measures the level of performance that a pupil has achieved on state-adopted content standards. See California Education Code 60603
  • Acquiring district: means a district in which all or a part of, a state-aided district or an applicant district has been included. See California Education Code 16733
  • Acquittal:
    1. Judgement that a criminal defendant has not been proved guilty beyond a reasonable doubt.
    2. A verdict of "not guilty."
     
  • Action: means a judicial proceeding or arbitration in which a payment in money may be awarded or enforced with respect to a foreign-money claim. See California Education Code 71025
  • Acupuncture: means the stimulation of a certain point or points on or near the surface of the body by the insertion of needles to prevent or modify the perception of pain or to normalize physiological functions, including pain control for the treatment of certain diseases or dysfunctions of the body, and includes the techniques of electroacupuncture, cupping, and moxibustion. See California Education Code 54420
  • Acupuncturist: means an individual to whom a license has been issued to practice acupuncture pursuant to this chapter, which is in effect and is not suspended or revoked. See California Education Code 54420
  • Additional place of practice: as used in this article , means any place of practice that increases the number of places of practice of the applicant, and includes an additional office that the applicant proposes to originally establish, either individually or in association with another, as well as an established place of practice that the applicant acquires or proposes to acquire, in whole or in part, by purchase, repossession, reassignment, gift, devise, bequest, or operation of law, except as otherwise provided in this article. See California Education Code 66011
  • Adjourn: A motion to adjourn a legislative chamber or a committee, if passed, ends that day's session.
  • Administering agency: means any agency designated pursuant to Section 25502 of the Health and Safety Code. See California Education Code 17210
  • Administrative fund: means the funds used to administer this article. See California Education Code 69980
  • Administrative procedure: means any written administrative procedure adopted by the local agency for presentation of a grievance for ultimate decision by the governing body of the local agency. See California Government Code 53296
  • Adult patient: means a dental patient 13 years of age or older. See California Education Code 67358.7
  • Advanced transportation technologies: means emerging commercially competitive transportation-related technologies identified by the authority as capable of creating long-term, high-value-added jobs for Californians while enhancing the state's commitment to energy conservation, pollution and greenhouse gas emissions reduction, and transportation efficiency. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 50113.2
  • Advertise: as used in this chapter , includes, but is not limited to, any public communication, as defined in subdivision (a) of Section 651, the issuance of any card, sign, or device to any person, or the causing, permitting, or allowing of any sign or marking on, or in, any building or structure, or in any newspaper or magazine or in any directory, or any printed matter whatsoever, with or without any limiting qualification. See California Education Code 54703
  • Advertising medium: includes banner, sign, placard, poster, streamer, and card. See California Government Code 53250
  • Advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
  • Advisory body: means the advisory body for each individual agriculture program. See California Education Code 69767
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Affinity: signifies the connection existing in consequence of marriage, between each of the married persons and the blood relatives of the other when applied to the marriage relation. See California Education Code 17389
  • Agent: means a person who was an officer or director of a corporation, as defined in subdivision (e), at the time the fraudulent acts occurred, was named in a final criminal restitution order in connection with the fraudulent acts, and was acting in the person's capacity as the corporation's officer or director when committing the fraudulent acts. See California Government Code 31471
  • Agriculture programs: means the programs specified in Section 221, Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 5301) of Division 4, Sections 6037, 6038, and 9641. See California Education Code 69767
  • Aide: means an individual who provides supportive services to an occupational therapist or occupational therapy assistant and who is trained by an occupational therapist or occupational therapy assistant to perform, under appropriate supervision, delegated, selected client and nonclient-related tasks for which the aide has demonstrated competency. See California Education Code 56126
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • Alternative sources: means devices or technologies used for a renewable electrical generation facility, as defined in paragraph (1) of subdivision (a) of Section 25741, a combined heat and power system, as defined in Section 2840. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 50113.2
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Amortization: Paying off a loan by regular installments.
  • Annual percentage rate: The cost of credit at a yearly rate. It is calculated in a standard way, taking the average compound interest rate over the term of the loan so borrowers can compare loans. Lenders are required by law to disclose a card account's APR. Source: FDIC
  • Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • antiknock index number: when used in this chapter, means that number assigned to a spark-ignition engine fuel that designates the antiknock quality. See California Government Code 53250
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Appliance: means any new television, radio, audio or video recorder, or playback device normally used or sold for use in the home or in a private motor vehicle, or any new refrigerator, freezer, range, oven, washer, dryer, dishwasher, room air conditioner, or sewing machine normally used or sold for use in the home, or any new typewriter, adding machine, calculator, or other similar machine, or any electrically operated tool, any of which appliances have a manufacturer's invoice sale value of fifty dollars ($50) or more. See California Education Code 67345.2
  • Applicant for licensure: as used in this chapter , means an unlicensed person who has completed the required education and required hours of supervised experience for licensure. See California Education Code 54703
  • Application: means a request for payment from the fund submitted to the Secretary of State pursuant to this chapter. See California Government Code 31471
  • Apportionment: means an apportionment made under this chapter unless the context otherwise requires. See California Education Code 16502
  • Apportionment: means an apportionment made under this chapter unless the context otherwise requires. See California Education Code 16702
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • arts: includes , but is not limited to, all of the following: dance. See California Education Code 52522.2
  • assessment: as used in this chapter , shall have the same meaning as the term "evaluation" in the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, as provided in Section 1414 of Title 20 of the United States Code. See California Education Code 56302.5
  • Associate: as used in this chapter , means an unlicensed person who has earned his or her master's or doctoral degree qualifying him or her for licensure and is registered with the board as an associate. See California Education Code 54703
  • Association: means the Occupational Therapy Association of California or a similarly constituted organization representing occupational therapists in this state. See California Education Code 56126
  • Association: means the organized body consisting of the purchasers of time-share interests in a time-share plan. See California Education Code 16313
  • Attorney-in-fact: A person who, acting as an agent, is given written authorization by another person to transact business for him (her) out of court.
  • Authority: means the California Alternative Energy and Advanced Transportation Financing Authority established pursuant to Section 26004, and any board, commission, department, or officer succeeding to the functions of the authority, or to which the powers conferred upon the authority by this division shall be given. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 50113.2
  • Automotive spark-ignition engine fuel: means a product used for the generation of power in a spark-ignition internal combustion engine. See California Government Code 53250
  • award: as used in this chapter , may include, but is not limited to, contracts, grants, interagency agreements, loans, and other financial agreements designed to fund public interest research, demonstration, and development projects or programs. See California Government Code 17201
  • Award year: means one academic year, or the equivalent, of attendance at a qualifying institution. See California Education Code 70032
  • Award year: means one academic year, or the equivalent, of attendance at a qualifying institution. See California Education Code 69432.7
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • ballot: means any of the following:

    California Education Code 88078

  • Bank-offered spot rate: means the spot rate of exchange at which a bank will sell foreign money at a spot rate. See California Education Code 71025
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Baseline: Projection of the receipts, outlays, and other budget amounts that would ensue in the future without any change in existing policy. Baseline projections are used to gauge the extent to which proposed legislation, if enacted into law, would alter current spending and revenue levels.
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • Benefits: means the payment of higher education expenses on behalf of a beneficiary by the Scholarshare trust during the beneficiary's attendance at an institution of higher education. See California Education Code 69980
  • Bequest: Property gifted by will.
  • Board: means the Veterinary Medical Board. See California Education Code 52180
  • Board: means the Acupuncture Board. See California Education Code 54420
  • Board: as used in this chapter , means the Board of Behavioral Sciences. See California Education Code 54703
  • Board: means the Scholarshare Investment Board established pursuant to subparagraph (B) of paragraph (2) of subdivision (a) of Section 69984. See California Education Code 69980
  • Board: as used in this chapter , Chapter 13 (commencing with Section 4980), Chapter 13. See California Education Code 56174
  • Board: means the Scholarshare Investment Board established pursuant to subparagraph (B) of paragraph (2) of subdivision (a) of Section 69984. See California Education Code 69999.8
  • Board: means the Scholarshare Investment Board established pursuant to Section 69984. See California Education Code 70010.1
  • Board: means the Dental Board of California. See California Education Code 66021
  • Board: means the Dental Board of California. See California Education Code 66042.1
  • Board: means the Dental Board of California. See California Education Code 68051
  • board: as used in this chapter means the Medical Board of California. See California Education Code 68071
  • Board: means the Osteopathic Medical Board of California. See California Education Code 69516
  • Board: means the California Board of Occupational Therapy. See California Education Code 56126
  • Board: means the California Board of Podiatric Medicine. See California Education Code 69618.3
  • Board: means the Medical Board of California. See California Education Code 70110
  • Board: as used in this chapter , means the regional planning board. See California Government Code 31472
  • Board: means the State Mining and Geology Board. See California Government Code 31499.16
  • Board: as used in this chapter means the California Horse Racing Board. See California Education Code 66278
  • Board: means the State Allocation Board. See California Education Code 16502
  • Board: means the State Allocation Board. See California Education Code 16702
  • Board: means the State Public Works Board. See California Education Code 56145
  • Bond: means a state general obligation bond issued pursuant to an act adopting the provisions of this chapter. See California Government Code 16722
  • Bond act: means the act authorizing the issuance of state general obligation bonds and adopting this chapter by reference. See California Government Code 16722
  • candidate: includes any officeholder who is subject to a recall election. See California Education Code 88085
  • Case law: The law as laid down in cases that have been decided in the decisions of the courts.
  • Caucus: From the Algonquian Indian language, a caucus meant "to meet together." An informal organization of members of the legislature that exists to discuss issues of mutual concern and possibly to perform legislative research and policy planning for its members. There are regional, political or ideological, ethnic, and economic-based caucuses.
  • Census administration: means a test administration in which all pupils take comparable assessments of the same content and where results of individual performance are appropriate and meaningful to parents, pupils, and teachers. See California Education Code 60603
  • center: means the California Habeas Corpus Resource Center, and "board" means the board of directors of the center. See California Government Code 53313.5
  • certificate: as used in this chapter are deemed to be synonomous. See California Education Code 70011.9
  • Certification: means the issuance of a certificate to a dentist licensed by the board who provides the board with his or her name, and the location where the administration of oral conscious sedation will occur, and fulfills the requirements specified in Sections 1647. See California Education Code 67347.8
  • Certification: means the issuance of a certificate to a dentist licensed by the board who provides the board with his or her name and the location at which the administration of oral conscious sedation will occur, and fulfills the requirements specified in Sections 1647. See California Education Code 67358.7
  • Certified nurse-midwife: means a person to whom a certificate has been issued pursuant to Article 2. See California Education Code 70110
  • Charity: An agency, institution, or organization in existence and operating for the benefit of an indefinite number of persons and conducted for educational, religious, scientific, medical, or other beneficent purposes.
  • Child development program: means a full-day or part-day comprehensive developmental program for children ages 0 to 14 years that is administered by the State Department of Education. See California Education Code 52550
  • Claimant: means an aggrieved person who resides in the state at the time of the fraud and who submits an application pursuant to this chapter. See California Government Code 31471
  • clear legible type: means type which meets all the following qualifications:

    California Education Code 60648.5

  • Clerk: means the county elections official, registrar of voters, city clerk, or other officer or board charged with the duty of conducting any election. See California Education Code 88087
  • Clerk of court: An officer appointed by the court to work with the chief judge in overseeing the court's administration, especially to assist in managing the flow of cases through the court and to maintain court records.
  • commission: means the Student Aid Commission created by this article. See California Education Code 69515
  • Commission: means the Student Aid Commission. See California Education Code 70032
  • commission: means the Student Aid Commission. See California Education Code 69618
  • commission: means the Student Aid Commission. See California Education Code 70100
  • Commission: means the Seismic Safety Commission. See California Government Code 31493
  • Commission: means the Seismic Safety Commission. See California Government Code 31499.16
  • Commission: means the Student Aid Commission. See California Education Code 69432.7
  • Commissioner: means any county agricultural commissioner. See California Education Code 19957.5
  • Commissioner: means the Real Estate Commissioner. See California Education Code 16313
  • Committee: means the finance committee or other body created by that act and authorized to cause bonds to be issued by the adoption of a resolution or resolutions. See California Government Code 16722
  • Committee: means the Pooled Money Investment Board. See California Government Code 17220
  • Committee: means a diversion evaluation committee created by this article. See California Education Code 66021
  • Committee: means a diversion evaluation committee created by this article. See California Education Code 69516
  • Committee: means the Higher Education Facilities Finance Committee created pursuant to Section 67353. See California Education Code 67332
  • Committee: means the Higher Education Facilities Finance Committee created pursuant to Section 67353. See California Education Code 67345.2
  • Committee: means the Higher Education Facilities Finance Committee created pursuant to Section 67353. See California Education Code 67358.2
  • Committee: means the Higher Education Facilities Finance Committee, created pursuant to Section 67353. See California Education Code 56145
  • Complaint: means any written document containing a disclosure of information as specified in subdivision (c). See California Government Code 53296
  • Compression-ignition engine fuel: means a product used for the generation of power in a compression-ignition internal combustion engine. See California Government Code 53250
  • Concurrent resolution: A legislative measure, designated "S. Con. Res." and numbered consecutively upon introduction, generally employed to address the sentiments of both chambers, to deal with issues or matters affecting both houses, such as a concurrent budget resolution, or to create a temporary joint committee. Concurrent resolutions are not submitted to the President/Governor and thus do not have the force of law.
  • Conference committee: A temporary, ad hoc panel composed of conferees from both chamber of a legislature which is formed for the purpose of reconciling differences in legislation that has passed both chambers. Conference committees are usually convened to resolve bicameral differences on major and controversial legislation.
  • conscious sedation: means a minimally depressed level of consciousness produced by a pharmacologic or nonpharmacologic method, or a combination thereof, that retains the patient's ability to maintain independently and continuously an airway, and respond appropriately to physical stimulation or verbal command. See California Education Code 67337
  • Consortium: means a multistate collaborative organized to develop a comprehensive system of assessments or formative tools such as described in Section 60605. See California Education Code 60603
  • Consumer: means any individual who seeks or acquires, by purchase or lease, any goods, services, money, or credit for personal, family, or household purposes. See California Education Code 52950
  • Content standards: means the specific academic knowledge, skills, and abilities that all public schools in this state are expected to teach, and all pupils are expected to learn, in reading, writing, mathematics, history-social science, world languages, visual and performing arts, and science, at each grade level tested. See California Education Code 60603
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • Continuing competence: means a dynamic and multidimensional process in which the occupational therapist or occupational therapy assistant develops and maintains the knowledge, performance skills, interpersonal abilities, critical reasoning, and ethical reasoning skills necessary to perform current and future roles and responsibilities within the profession. See California Education Code 56126
  • Conversion date: means the banking day next preceding the date on which money, in accordance with this title, is (i) paid to a claimant in an action or distribution proceeding, (ii) paid to the official designated by law to enforce a judgment or award on behalf of a claimant, or (iii) used to recoup, setoff, or counterclaim in different moneys in an action or distribution proceeding. See California Education Code 71025
  • Corporation: means a domestic corporation as defined by Section 162 or 2509 or a foreign corporation that is qualified to transact business in California pursuant to Section 2105. See California Government Code 31471
  • Council: as used in this chapter , means the Planning Advisory and Assistance Council established pursuant to subdivision (a) of Section 65040. See California Government Code 31454.6
  • Council of governments: means a single or multicounty council created by a joint powers agreement pursuant to Chapter 5 (commencing with Section 6500) of Division 1 of Title 1. See California Government Code 31494.1
  • Counterclaim: A claim that a defendant makes against a plaintiff.
  • County: includes "city and county. See California Education Code 17389
  • County: includes "city and county. See California Education Code 1915
  • county: includes the City and County of San Francisco. See California Government Code 31499.16
  • County office: means the office filled by any county officer. See California Education Code 88092
  • Court reporter: A person who makes a word-for-word record of what is said in court and produces a transcript of the proceedings upon request.
  • Credit report: A detailed report of an individual's credit history prepared by a credit bureau and used by a lender in determining a loan applicant's creditworthiness. Source: OCC
  • Currency: means any coined money, banknotes, or other paper money as are authorized by law which circulates from hand to hand as the medium of exchange. See California Education Code 66018
  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Deep sedation: means a drug-induced depression of consciousness during which patients cannot be easily aroused but respond purposefully following repeated or painful stimulation. See California Education Code 67305
  • Defendant: means a person (including corporation, association, partnership and firm or governmental entity) against whom a litigation is brought or maintained or sought to be brought or maintained. See California Education Code 69618.5
  • Dental college approved by the board: means a dental school or college that is approved by the Commission on Dental Accreditation of the American Dental Association, that is accredited by a body that has a reciprocal accreditation agreement with that commission, or that has been approved by the Dental Board of California through its own approval process. See California Education Code 66900
  • Dentally underserved area: means a geographic area eligible to be designated as having a shortage of dental professionals pursuant to Part I of Appendix B to Part 5 of Chapter 1 of Title 42 of the Code of Federal Regulations or an area of the state in which unmet priority needs for dentists exist as determined by the California Healthcare Workforce Policy Commission pursuant to Section 128224 of the Health and Safety Code. See California Education Code 68051
  • department: whenever used in this code , unless the context otherwise requires, means the State Department of Education. See California Education Code 89
  • Department: means the Department of Consumer Affairs. See California Education Code 52950
  • department: means the State Department of Public Health. See California Education Code 56836.25
  • Department: means the Department of Consumer Affairs. See California Education Code 66025.91
  • Department: means the Department of Housing and Community Development. See California Government Code 31494.1
  • Department: means the Department of Food and Agriculture. See California Education Code 19959
  • Department: means the State Department of Education. See California Education Code 16502
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
  • designated instruction and services: means "related services" as that term is defined in Section 1401(26) of Title 20 of the United States Code and Section 300. See California Education Code 56363
  • Developer: means and includes any person who creates a time-share plan or is in the business of selling time-share interests, other than those employees or agents of the developer who sell time-share interests on the developer's behalf, or retains agents to do the same, or any person who succeeds to the interest of a developer by sale, lease, assignment, mortgage, or other transfer, but the term includes only those persons who offer time-share interests for disposition in the ordinary course of business. See California Education Code 16313
  • Developmental engine fuel: means an engine fuel that does not meet standards established by this chapter but has characteristics that may lead to an improved fuel standard or the development of an alternative fuel standard. See California Government Code 53250
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • Diesel fuel: means any hydrocarbon oil meant for combustion in compression-ignition engines offered for sale that meets the standards for diesel fuel prescribed by this chapter. See California Government Code 53250
  • Direct supervision: means supervision of dental procedures based on instructions given by a licensed dentist, who must be physically present in the treatment facility during the performance of those procedures. See California Education Code 66042.1
  • Director: means the Director of the Department of Consumer Affairs. See California Education Code 52950
  • Director: means the Director of Education for kindergarten and grades 1 to 12, inclusive. See California Education Code 16502
  • Director: means the Director of Education. See California Education Code 16702
  • Disciplinary action: means any direct form of discipline as defined in personnel rules and regulations adopted by the local agency. See California Government Code 53296
  • Discipline: means an advanced dental educational program in an area of dental practice not approved as a specialty by the American Dental Association. See California Education Code 66900
  • Disclosure of information: means the written provision of evidence regarding gross mismanagement or a significant waste of funds, an abuse of authority, or a substantial and specific danger to public health or safety. See California Government Code 53296
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • dissenting shareholder: means the recordholder of dissenting shares and includes a transferee of record. See California Government Code 17296.5
  • dissenting shares: means shares to which all of the following apply:

    California Government Code 17296.5

  • Distribution proceeding: means a judicial or nonjudicial proceeding for the distribution of a fund in which one or more foreign-money claims is asserted and includes an accounting, an assignment for the benefit of creditors, a foreclosure, the liquidation or rehabilitation of a corporation or other entity, and the distribution of an estate, trust, or other fund. See California Education Code 71025
  • District: as used in this chapter , means a regional planning district created by the Office of Planning and Research pursuant to Section 65040. See California Government Code 31455
  • District: as used in this chapter , means a district created and operating under this chapter. See California Government Code 31471.5
  • Diversion program: means a treatment program created by this article for osteopathic physicians and surgeons whose competency may be threatened or diminished due to abuse of drugs or alcohol. See California Education Code 69516
  • Division: means the Division of Consumer Services. See California Education Code 52950
  • Division of Licensing: shall be deemed to refer to the board. See California Education Code 68071
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • Donor: The person who makes a gift.
  • Early primary program: means an integrated, experiential, and developmentally appropriate educational program for children in preschool, kindergarten, and grades 1 to 3, inclusive, that incorporates various instructional strategies and authentic assessment practices, including educationally appropriate curricula, heterogeneous groupings, active learning activities, oral language development, small group instruction, peer interaction, use of concrete manipulative materials in the classroom, planned articulation among preschool, kindergarten, and primary grades, and parent involvement and education. See California Education Code 52550
  • effective date: means January 1, 1977. See California Government Code 31484
  • Election: means any election including a primary that is provided for under this code. See California Education Code 88097
  • Elections official: means any of the following:

    California Education Code 88100

  • Elector: means a person who is a United States citizen 18 years of age or older and, except as specified in subdivision (b), is a resident of an election precinct in this state on or before the day of an election. See California Education Code 88101
  • Electronic transmission to the corporation: means a communication (a) delivered by (1) facsimile telecommunication or electronic mail when directed to the facsimile number or electronic mail address, respectively, which the corporation has provided from time to time to shareholders or members and directors for sending communications to the corporation, (2) posting on an electronic message board or network which the corporation has designated for those communications, and which transmission shall be validly delivered upon the posting, or (3) other means of electronic communication, (b) as to which the corporation has placed in effect reasonable measures to verify that the sender is the shareholder or member (in person or by proxy) or director purporting to send the transmission, and (c) that creates a record that is capable of retention, retrieval, and review, and that may thereafter be rendered into clearly legible tangible form. See California Education Code 17499
  • element: means the housing element of the community's general plan, as required pursuant to this article and subdivision (c) of Section 65302. See California Government Code 31494.1
  • Embezzlement: In most states, embezzlement is defined as theft/larceny of assets (money or property) by a person in a position of trust or responsibility over those assets. Embezzlement typically occurs in the employment and corporate settings. Source: OCC
  • Employee: means any person employed by a local agency. See California Government Code 53296
  • Employee: means any firefighter or law enforcement officer represented by an employee organization, as defined in subdivision (b). See California Education Code 72023.5
  • Employee organization: means any organization recognized by the employer for the purpose of representing firefighters or law enforcement officers in matters relating to wages, hours, and other terms and conditions of employment within the scope of arbitration. See California Education Code 72023.5
  • Employer: means any local agency employing employees, as defined in subdivision (a), or any entity, except the State of California, acting as an agent of any local agency, either directly or indirectly. See California Education Code 72023.5
  • Engine fuel: means any gasoline, diesel, or alternative fuel used for the generation of power in an internal combustion engine or fuel cell in a motor vehicle, or electrical power delivered conductively or inductively to an electric motor in electric or plug-in hybrid vehicles. See California Government Code 53250
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • Environmental assessor: means an environmental professional as defined in Section 312. See California Education Code 17210
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Examination: means an entry level examination for occupational therapists and occupational therapy assistants administered by the National Board for Certification in Occupational Therapy or by another nationally recognized credentialing body. See California Education Code 56126
  • executed: when used with respect to the documents filed pursuant to this code or pursuant to regulations adopted under this code, and presented to the Secretary of State, include a document bearing a signature under subdivision (a). See California Education Code 17495
  • Executive director: means the administrator of the Scholarshare trust appointed by the board to administer and manage the Scholarshare trust. See California Education Code 69980
  • Executive session: A portion of the Senate's daily session in which it considers executive business.
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • Experience: as used in this chapter , means experience in interpersonal relationships, psychotherapy, marriage and family therapy, direct clinical counseling, and nonclinical practice that satisfies the requirements for licensure as a marriage and family therapist. See California Education Code 54703
  • extramural dental facility: means any clinical facility that has contracted with an approved dental hygiene educational program for instruction in dental hygiene, that exists outside or beyond the walls, boundaries, or precincts of the primary campus of the approved program, and in which dental hygiene services are rendered. See California Education Code 66746
  • Fair Credit Reporting Act: A federal law, established in 1971 and revised in 1997, that gives consumers the right to see their credit records and correct any mistakes. Source: OCC
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation: A government corporation that insures the deposits of all national and state banks that are members of the Federal Reserve System. Source: OCC
  • Federal Reserve System: The central bank of the United States. The Fed, as it is commonly called, regulates the U.S. monetary and financial system. The Federal Reserve System is composed of a central governmental agency in Washington, D.C. (the Board of Governors) and twelve regional Federal Reserve Banks in major cities throughout the United States. Source: OCC
  • fee: includes , but is not limited to, any application fee, license fee, permit fee, inspection fee, certification fee, registration fee, identification fee, analysis fee, or certificate fee. See California Education Code 69813
  • Fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it.
  • Field test: means an assessment or assessment items administered to a representative sample of a population to ensure that the test or item produces results that are valid, reliable, and fair. See California Education Code 60603
  • Final judgment: means a judgment, arbitration award, or criminal restitution order for which appeals have been exhausted or for which the period for appeal has expired, enforcement of which is not barred by the order of any court or by any statutory provision, which has not been nullified or rendered void by any court order or statutory provision, and for which the claimant has not otherwise been fully reimbursed. See California Government Code 31471
  • Finance charge: The total cost of credit a customer must pay on a consumer loan, including interest. The Truth in Lending Act requires disclosure of the finance charge. Source: OCC
  • Financial need: means a student's financial need calculated pursuant to the federal financial need methodology (as established by Title IV of the federal Higher Education Act of 1965, as amended (20 U. See California Education Code 70032
  • Financial services: as used in this chapter means financial services or products that are considered to be financial in nature as described in Section 1843(k) of Title 12 of the United States Code. See California Education Code 60204
  • Firefighter: means any person who is employed to perform firefighting, fire prevention, fire training, hazardous materials response, emergency medical services, fire or arson investigation, or any related duties, without respect to the rank, job title, or job assignment of that person. See California Education Code 72023.5
  • fiscal agent: means any state fiscal agent selected and acting pursuant to Chapter 2 (commencing with Section 16670). See California Government Code 16650
  • Fixed Rate: Having a "fixed" rate means that the APR doesn't change based on fluctuations of some external rate (such as the "Prime Rate"). In other words, a fixed rate is a rate that is not a variable rate. A fixed APR can change over time, in several circumstances:
    • You are late making a payment or commit some other default, triggering an increase to a penalty rate
    • The bank changes the terms of your account and you do not reject the change.
    • The rate expires (if the rate was fixed for only a certain period of time).
  • Forbearance: A means of handling a delinquent loan. A
  • Foreign money: means money other than money of the United States of America. See California Education Code 71025
  • Foreign-money claim: means a claim upon an obligation to pay, or a claim for recovery of a loss, expressed in or measured by a foreign money. See California Education Code 71025
  • Formative assessment tools: means assessment tools and processes that are embedded in instruction and used by teachers and pupils to provide timely feedback for purposes of adjusting instruction to improve learning. See California Education Code 60603
  • Foster family home: includes a small family home as defined in paragraph (6) of subdivision (a) of Section 1502 of the Health and Safety Code, a certified family home of a foster family agency as defined in Section 1506 of the Health and Safety Code, and a resource family as defined in Section 1517 of the Health and Safety Code and Section 16519. See California Education Code 56155.5
  • Frequent user coordinated care housing services: means housing combined with other supportive services for homeless persons identified by a city or county as the most costly, frequent users of publicly funded emergency services. See California Government Code 31494.1
  • Fuel oil: means any product offered for sale that is burned in a furnace or boiler for the generation of heat and meets the standards prescribed for fuel oil by this chapter. See California Government Code 53250
  • Functional plan: as used in this chapter , means an intermediate- or short-range plan for the operation of a discrete function of state government. See California Government Code 31454.1
  • Fund: means the Victims of Corporate Fraud Compensation Fund created by Section 2280. See California Government Code 31471
  • Fund: means the fund created by that act, and into which the proceeds from the sale of the bonds are paid. See California Government Code 16722
  • Fund: means the California Memorial Scholarship Fund established pursuant to Section 5066 of the Vehicle Code. See California Education Code 70010.1
  • Fund: means the State Dentistry Fund. See California Education Code 68051
  • Fund: means the 1988 Higher Education Capital Outlay Bond Fund created pursuant to Section 67333. See California Education Code 67332
  • Fund: means the June 1990 Higher Education Capital Outlay Bond Fund created pursuant to Section 67346. See California Education Code 67345.2
  • Fund: means the 1992 Higher Education Capital Outlay Bond Fund created pursuant to Section 67358. See California Education Code 67358.2
  • Fund: means the Higher Education Capital Outlay Bond Fund, created pursuant to subdivision (e) of Section 67354. See California Education Code 56145
  • fund: includes any account in a fund which consists of money derived from different sources for different purposes. See California Education Code 69999.6
  • Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
  • Gasoline: means a volatile mixture of liquid hydrocarbons, generally containing small amounts of additives, suitable for use as a fuel in a spark-ignition internal combustion engine. See California Government Code 53250
  • Gasoline-oxygenate blend: means a fuel consisting primarily of gasoline along with a substantial amount of one or more oxygenates that meets ASTM International Standard D4814. See California Government Code 53250
  • General anesthesia: as used in this article , means a controlled state of depressed consciousness or unconsciousness, accompanied by partial or complete loss of protective reflexes, produced by a pharmacologic or nonpharmacologic method, or a combination thereof. See California Education Code 66903.2
  • General anesthesia: means a drug-induced loss of consciousness during which patients are not arousable, even by painful stimulation. See California Education Code 67305
  • General election: means either of the following:

    California Education Code 88104

  • General supervision: means supervision of dental procedures based on instructions given by a licensed dentist but not requiring the physical presence of the supervising dentist during the performance of those procedures. See California Education Code 66042.1
  • Geotechnical report: means a report prepared by a certified engineering geologist or a civil engineer practicing within the area of his or her competence, which identifies seismic hazards and recommends mitigation measures to reduce the risk of seismic hazard to acceptable levels. See California Government Code 31499.16
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Good standing: means that the person has a current, valid license to practice occupational therapy or assist in the practice of occupational therapy and has not been disciplined by the recognized professional licensing or standard-setting body within five years prior to application or renewal of the person's license. See California Education Code 56126
  • governing boards: means the local boards of trustees and the Board of Governors of the California Community Colleges, the Trustees of the California State University, and the Regents of the University of California. See California Education Code 66011
  • Green Party: means the Green Party of California. See California Education Code 66013
  • Greenhouse: means a structure covered with transparent or translucent materials for the purpose of admitting natural light and controlling the atmosphere for growing plants, including floricultural, ornamental, or other nursery and agricultural products. See California Education Code 19960
  • Guarantor: A party who agrees to be responsible for the payment of another party's debts should that party default. Source: OCC
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • Habeas corpus: A writ that is usually used to bring a prisoner before the court to determine the legality of his imprisonment. It may also be used to bring a person in custody before the court to give testimony, or to be prosecuted.
  • Handle: has the meaning the term is given in Article 1 (commencing with Section 25500) of Chapter 6. See California Education Code 17210
  • Hazardous air emissions: means emissions into the ambient air of air contaminants that have been identified as a toxic air contaminant by the State Air Resources Board or by the air pollution control officer for the jurisdiction in which the project is located. See California Education Code 17210
  • Hazardous material: has the meaning the term is given in subdivision (d) of Section 25260 of the Health and Safety Code. See California Education Code 17210
  • high school grade point average: includes senior year coursework. See California Education Code 69432.7
  • hosting platform: means a marketplace that is created for the primary purpose of facilitating the rental of a residential unit offered for occupancy for tourist or transient use for compensation to the offeror of that unit, and the operator of the hosting platform derives revenues, including booking fees or advertising revenues, from providing or maintaining that marketplace. See California Education Code 66025
  • In forma pauperis: In the manner of a pauper. Permission given to a person to sue without payment of court fees on claim of indigence or poverty.
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • Indirect project children: means children of parents who have come to the district subsequent to the start of the state project and who are not employed by a contractor or subcontractor of a state project but who are children in the area in addition to those which would be expected as a result of normal development and growth of the area as determined pursuant to regulations of the director which he or she is hereby authorized to adopt. See California Education Code 16502
  • individualized instruction based upon performance criteria: means an educational method in which (a) aptitudes, interests, motivations, and other characteristics of each student play a major role in the selection of educational objectives and the determination of the sequence of study and choice of materials and procedures. See California Education Code 54704
  • initiative: means the California Initiative to Advance Precision Medicine established in Section 65057. See California Government Code 31470.6
  • Instructional program: means a program of study that results in the award of a baccalaureate degree or undergraduate certificate, or undergraduate coursework in a program of study leading directly to a first professional degree for which no baccalaureate degree or undergraduate degree is awarded. See California Education Code 70032
  • Insurer: includes an insurance company and any person authorized to represent the insurer with respect to a claim. See California Education Code 56350
  • Intangible property: Property that has no intrinsic value, but is merely the evidence of value such as stock certificates, bonds, and promissory notes.
  • Inter vivos: Transfer of property from one living person to another living person.
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • interested person: means an owner or any other person interested in any of the following:

    California Government Code 17253

  • Intestate: Dying without leaving a will.
  • Investment management: means the functions performed by a manager contracted to perform functions delegated by the board. See California Education Code 69980
  • Investment manager: means a manager contracted to perform functions delegated by the board. See California Education Code 69980
  • Joint tenancy: A form of property ownership in which two or more parties hold an undivided interest in the same property that was conveyed under the same instrument at the same time. A joint tenant can sell his (her) interest but not dispose of it by will. Upon the death of a joint tenant, his (her) undivided interest is distributed among the surviving joint tenants.
  • Judgment: means the criminal restitution order. See California Government Code 53192.5
  • Judgment debtor: means a corporation or agent against which a judgment, arbitration award, or criminal restitution order has been entered for conduct constituting intentional fraud. See California Government Code 31471
  • Judicial office: means the office filled by any judicial officer. See California Education Code 88105
  • jurisdiction: means a city, city and county, or county. See California Government Code 31494.1
  • Juror: A person who is on the jury.
  • Kerosene: means a fuel offered for sale that meets the standards for kerosene prescribed in this chapter. See California Government Code 53250
  • Law enforcement officer: means any person who is a peace officer, as defined in Section 830. See California Education Code 72023.5
  • Lawsuit: A legal action started by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a complaint that the defendant failed to perform a legal duty, resulting in harm to the plaintiff.
  • Legacy: A gift of property made by will.
  • Legal tender: coins, dollar bills, or other currency issued by a government as official money. Source: U.S. Mint
  • Legislative body: means the board of supervisors of a county or city, or the governing board, by whatever name called, of a school district, district, municipal corporation, political subdivision, public corporation, or other public agency of the state. See California Government Code 53200
  • Lender: as used in this chapter means a bank, savings and loan association, savings bank, credit union, industrial bank, or other lender licensed to make loans in California or a subsidiary or an affiliate of one of those entities. See California Education Code 60204
  • Lender: means any person other than an automobile dealer or automobile distributor who is engaged in the business of financing the purchase or sale of motor vehicles or of buying conditional sales contracts, chattel mortgages or leases on motor vehicles sold at retail within this state. See California Education Code 60222
  • License: includes "certificate" "permit" and "registration. See California Education Code 69999.16
  • license: includes a license, limited permit, or any other authorization to engage in practice regulated by this chapter. See California Education Code 56163
  • Licensed midwife: means an individual to whom a license to practice midwifery has been issued pursuant to this article. See California Education Code 70110
  • Licensee: means a person or entity, other than a corporation, authorized by a license, certificate, registration, or other means to engage in a business or profession regulated by this code or referred to in Section 1000 or 3600. See California Education Code 17351
  • licensee: as used in this chapter means the holder of a physician's and surgeon's certificate or doctor of podiatric medicine's certificate, as the case may be, who is engaged in the professional practice authorized by the certificate under the jurisdiction of the appropriate board. See California Education Code 70020
  • Licensee: includes the holder of a license. See California Education Code 69999.16
  • Licensing authority: means the board, which has jurisdiction over a particular licensee. See California Education Code 69999.16
  • Licensing board: means any board, as defined in Section 22, the State Bar of California, and the Department of Real Estate. See California Education Code 17351
  • Licentiate: means any person authorized by a license, certificate, registration, or other means to engage in a business or profession regulated by this code or referred to in Sections 1000 and 3600. See California Education Code 17331
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Lineal descendant: Direct descendant of the same ancestors.
  • listing: as used in this part includes, but is not limited to:

    California Government Code 53185

  • Litigation: means any civil action or proceeding, commenced, maintained or pending in any state or federal court. See California Education Code 69618.5
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • Local agency: means a county, city, school district, district, municipal corporation, political subdivision, public corporation, or other public agency of the state. See California Government Code 53200
  • local agency: means a county, city, public district, joint powers agency, or any public or municipal corporation. See California Government Code 53212
  • Local agency: as used in this article means a city, city and county, district, school district, municipal or public corporation, political subdivision, or other public agency of the State, or any instrumentality of one or more of any such agencies. See California Government Code 53215
  • local agency: means any county, city, city and county, including any charter county, city, or city and county, and any district, school district, municipal or public corporation, political subdivision, or public agency of the state, or any instrumentality of one or more of any such agencies. See California Government Code 53247
  • Local agency: means city, county, or district. See California Government Code 53290
  • Local agency: means any county, city, city and county, including any charter county, city, or city and county, and any district, school district, community college district, municipal or public corporation, political subdivision, or public agency of the state, or any instrumentality of any one or more of these agencies. See California Government Code 53296
  • Local educational agency: means a county office of education, school district, state special school, or direct-funded charter school as described in Section 47651. See California Education Code 60603
  • Lubricant: means a lubricating oil or other substance that reduces friction and wear between moving parts within an engine and other motor vehicle components. See California Government Code 53250
  • Lubricating oil: means motor oil, engine lubricant, engine oil, lubricating axle oil, gear oil, or manual transmission fluid. See California Government Code 53250
  • Manager: means any employee having significant responsibilities for formulating or administering local agency or departmental policies and programs or administering the local agency or a department. See California Government Code 53296
  • Managing entity: means the person who undertakes the duties, responsibilities, and obligations of the management of a time-share plan. See California Education Code 16313
  • Manufacturer: means manufacturer, refiner, producer, or importer. See California Government Code 53250
  • Manufacturer: means (i) . See California Education Code 60222
  • Manufacturer: means any individual, partnership, corporation, association, or other legal relationship which is involved in the manufacture, assembly, or production of an appliance or whose brand name appears on any appliance. See California Education Code 67345.2
  • Markup: The process by which congressional committees and subcommittees debate, amend, and rewrite proposed legislation.
  • materia medica: as used in this code or in any initiative act referred to in this code, means those substances listed in the official United States Pharmacopoeia, the official Homeopathic Pharmacopoeia of the United States, the official United States Dispensatory, New and Nonofficial Remedies, or the National Formulary, or any supplement thereof, except substances covered by subdivision (a) of Section 4052 and Section 4057 of this code. See California Education Code 17314
  • Matrix sampling: means administering different portions of a single assessment to different groups of pupils for the purpose of sampling a broader representation of content and reducing testing time. See California Education Code 60603
  • Medi-Cal threshold languages: means primary languages spoken by limited-English-proficient (LEP) population groups meeting a numeric threshold of 3,000 eligible LEP Medi-Cal beneficiaries residing in a county, 1,000 Medi-Cal eligible LEP beneficiaries residing in a single ZIP Code, or 1,500 LEP Medi-Cal beneficiaries residing in two contiguous ZIP Codes. See California Education Code 68051
  • mediation: means a process in which a neutral person or persons facilitate communication between the disputants to assist them in reaching a mutually acceptable agreement. See California Education Code 70039
  • minimal sedation: means a drug-induced state during which patients respond normally to verbal commands. See California Education Code 66010
  • Minor patient: means a dental patient under the age of 13 years. See California Education Code 67347.8
  • Mitigation: means those measures that are consistent with established practice and that will reduce seismic risk to acceptable levels. See California Government Code 31499.16
  • moderate sedation: means a drug-induced depression of consciousness during which a patient responds purposefully to verbal commands, either alone or accompanied by light tactile stimulation, no interventions are required to maintain a patient's airway, spontaneous ventilation is adequate, and cardiovascular function is usually maintained. See California Education Code 67345.2
  • Money: means a medium of exchange for the payment of obligations or a store of value authorized or adopted by a government or by intergovernmental agreement. See California Education Code 71025
  • Money exchange house: means any individual or business engaged in the business of exchanging or dealing in the currency of the United States, Mexico, or any other country. See California Education Code 66018
  • Money of the claim: means the money determined as proper pursuant to Section 676. See California Education Code 71025
  • month: means a calendar month, unless otherwise expressed. See California Education Code 17413
  • Month: means a calendar month, unless otherwise expressed. See California Education Code 17389
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Mortgage loan: A loan made by a lender to a borrower for the financing of real property. Source: OCC
  • Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
  • Mortgagor: The person who pledges property to a creditor as collateral for a loan and who receives the money.
  • Motor oil: means an oil that reduces friction and wear between the moving parts within an internal combustion engine and also serves as a coolant. See California Government Code 53250
  • motor oil: means any product used to lubricate the moving parts of an internal combustion engine. See California Government Code 53315.8
  • motor oil dealer: means any person, firm, or corporation engaged in the business of producing, packaging, or otherwise preparing motor oil for market, or selling or distributing motor oil. See California Government Code 53315.8
  • Motor vehicle fuel: means "engine fuel" when that term is used in this chapter. See California Government Code 53250
  • National Bank: A bank that is subject to the supervision of the Comptroller of the Currency. The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency is a bureau of the U.S. Treasury Department. A national bank can be recognized because it must have "national" or "national association" in its name. Source: OCC
  • National Credit Union Administration: The federal regulatory agency that charters and supervises federal credit unions. (NCUA also administers the National Credit Union Share Insurance Fund, which insures the deposits of federal credit unions.) Source: OCC
  • new law: means this division of the Corporations Code as amended by act of the California Legislature, 1975-76 Regular Session, effective January 1, 1977, and as in effect on that date. See California Government Code 31484
  • Nominate: means the selection, at a state-conducted primary election, of candidates who are entitled by law to participate in the general election for that office, but does not mean any other lawful mechanism that a political party may adopt for the purposes of choosing the candidate who is preferred by the party for a nonpartisan or voter-nominated office. See California Education Code 88112
  • Nomination documents: means declaration of candidacy and nomination papers. See California Education Code 88113
  • Nonpartisan office: means an office, except for a voter-nominated office, for which no party may nominate a candidate. See California Education Code 88114
  • Oath: includes affirmation. See California Education Code 17324
  • Oath: includes affirmation. See California Education Code 88115
  • Oath: includes an affirmation or declaration. See California Education Code 17389
  • Oath: includes affirmation. See California Education Code 17493
  • Oath: A promise to tell the truth.
  • Occupational therapist: means an individual who meets the minimum education requirements specified in Section 2570. See California Education Code 56126
  • Occupational therapy: means the therapeutic use of purposeful and meaningful goal-directed activities (occupations) with individuals, groups, populations, or organizations, to support participation, performance, and function in roles and situations in home, school, workplace, community, and other settings. See California Education Code 56126
  • Occupational therapy assistant: means an individual who is licensed pursuant to the provisions of this chapter, who is in good standing as determined by the board, and based thereon, who is qualified to assist in the practice of occupational therapy under this chapter, and who works under the appropriate supervision of a licensed occupational therapist. See California Education Code 56126
  • Occupational therapy services: means the services of an occupational therapist or the services of an occupational therapy assistant under the appropriate supervision of an occupational therapist. See California Education Code 56126
  • Office: as used in this chapter means the Office of Planning and Research. See California Government Code 31454
  • office: means the Office of Emergency Services. See California Government Code 31493
  • Officer: means any appointed member of a local board, commission, or other governing body who supervises or is responsible for the work of one or more local agency employers. See California Government Code 53296
  • Official census: as used in this chapter , means any decennial or special federal census, or an official estimate of the State Department of Finance. See California Government Code 31472.1
  • Oral argument: An opportunity for lawyers to summarize their position before the court and also to answer the judges' questions.
  • Oral conscious sedation: means a minimally depressed level of consciousness produced by oral medication that retains the patient's ability to maintain independently and continuously an airway, and respond appropriately to physical stimulation or verbal command. See California Education Code 67347.8
  • Oral conscious sedation: means a minimally depressed level of consciousness produced by oral medication that retains the patient's ability to maintain independently and continuously an airway, and respond appropriately to physical stimulation or verbal command. See California Education Code 67358.7
  • Parkfield characteristic earthquake: means an earthquake that has, among other qualities, a magnitude between 5. See California Government Code 31490.6
  • Parkfield prototype earthquake prediction system: means a dense cluster of instruments along the Parkfield section of the San Andreas fault which monitors earthquake activity, local distortion of the Earth's crust, strain levels, creep adjustments along the fault, and other phenomena which may be useful in making a short-term earthquake prediction. See California Government Code 31490.6
  • Participant: means an individual, trust, estate, partnership, association, company or corporation, a custodian under the California Uniform Transfers to Minors Act (Part 9 (commencing with Section 3900) of Division 4 of the Probate Code) or similar provisions adopted by another state, a state or local government agency, or a legal representative of a participant who has entered into a participation agreement pursuant to this article. See California Education Code 69980
  • Participant: means a surviving dependent of a California resident killed as a result of injuries sustained during the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, who has executed, or on whose behalf has been executed, an agreement pursuant to Section 70011. See California Education Code 70010.1
  • Participant: means a California-licensed osteopathic physician and surgeon. See California Education Code 69516
  • Participating institution: means any campus of the California State University or the University of California that elects to participate in the DREAM Program pursuant to the requirements specified for a qualifying institution as set forth in this article. See California Education Code 70032
  • Participating party: means a person, federal or state agency, department, board, authority, or commission, state or community college, or university, or a city or county, regional agency, public district, school district, or other political entity engaged in the business or operations in the state, whether organized for profit or not for profit, that applies for financial assistance from the authority for the purpose of implementing a project. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 50113.2
  • Participation agreement: means an agreement between a participant and the Scholarshare trust, pursuant to this article. See California Education Code 69980
  • Party: means a political party or organization that has qualified for participation in any primary or presidential general election. See California Education Code 88122
  • Person: means a natural person, corporation, limited liability company, partnership, joint venture, association, estate, trust, government, governmental subdivision or agency, or other legal entity, or any combination thereof. See California Education Code 16313
  • Person: means an individual, a corporation, government or governmental subdivision or agency, business trust, estate, trust, joint venture, partnership, association, two or more persons having a joint or common interest, or any other legal or commercial entity. See California Education Code 71025
  • Person: means an individual, partnership, corporation, limited liability company, association, or other group, however organized. See California Education Code 52950
  • Person: means any individual, organization, or corporate body, except that only individuals may be licensed under this chapter. See California Education Code 54420
  • person: includes firm, association, partnership, individual, limited liability company, and corporation. See California Education Code 56836.24
  • Person: means an individual, partnership, unincorporated organization, or corporation. See California Education Code 56126
  • Person: means any individual, firm, corporation, partnership, limited liability company, association, trustee, receiver or assignee for the benefit of creditors. See California Education Code 60222
  • personal property: include money, goods, chattels, things in action, and evidences of debt. See California Education Code 17413
  • Personal property: includes money, goods, chattels, things in action, and evidences of debt. See California Education Code 17389
  • personally identifiable: as used in this part , includes all of the following information:

    California Education Code 54444.5

  • persons: includes corporations, firms, partnerships and associations existing under or authorized by the laws of this State or any other State, or any foreign country. See California Education Code 16700
  • Phase I environmental assessment: means a preliminary assessment of a property to determine whether there has been or may have been a release of a hazardous material, or whether a naturally occurring hazardous material is present, based on reasonably available information about the property and the area in its vicinity. See California Education Code 17210
  • Phototherapy device: means equipment that emits ultraviolet radiation used by a health care professional in the treatment of disease. See California Education Code 66025.91
  • Physical agent modalities: means techniques that produce a response in soft tissue through the use of light, water, temperature, sound, or electricity. See California Education Code 56126
  • Plaintiff: means the person who commences, institutes or maintains a litigation or causes it to be commenced, instituted or maintained, including an attorney at law acting in propria persona. See California Education Code 69618.5
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • Podiatric licensing authority: refers to any officer, board, commission, committee, or department of another state that may issue a license to practice podiatric medicine. See California Education Code 69618.3
  • podiatric medicine: means the diagnosis, medical, surgical, mechanical, manipulative, and electrical treatment of the human foot, including the ankle and tendons that insert into the foot and the nonsurgical treatment of the muscles and tendons of the leg governing the functions of the foot. See California Education Code 69624
  • podiatric residency: means a program of supervised postgraduate clinical training, one year or more in duration, approved by the board. See California Education Code 69628
  • Polling place: means a location where a voter casts a ballot and includes the following terms, as applicable: poll, polling location, and vote center. See California Education Code 88123
  • Population sampling: means administering assessments to a representative sample of pupils instead of the entire pupil population. See California Education Code 60603
  • Portfolio material: means a selection of representative samples of the child's performance within the program setting that may include, but not be limited to, teacher observations, work samples, developmental profiles, photographs, and audio or video recordings that present a picture of the child's progress over time. See California Education Code 52550
  • Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
  • Practice setting: means either of the following:

    California Education Code 68051

  • Precinct: means a geographical area within a county that is made up of voters and is formed pursuant to Chapter 3 (commencing with Section 12200) of Division 12. See California Education Code 88124
  • Preliminary endangerment assessment: means an activity that is performed to determine whether current or past hazardous material management practices or waste management practices have resulted in a release or threatened release of hazardous materials, or whether naturally occurring hazardous materials are present, which pose a threat to children's health, children's learning abilities, public health or the environment. See California Education Code 17210
  • Preliminary hearing: A hearing where the judge decides whether there is enough evidence to make the defendant have a trial.
  • Preparedness: means long-term preearthquake hazard mitigation, reconstruction, and recovery planning and preparation for emergency response. See California Government Code 31493
  • President pro tempore: A constitutionally recognized officer of the Senate who presides over the chamber in the absence of the Vice President. The President Pro Tempore (or, "president for a time") is elected by the Senate and is, by custom, the Senator of the majority party with the longest record of continuous service.
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • Pretrial conference: A meeting of the judge and lawyers to discuss which matters should be presented to the jury, to review evidence and witnesses, to set a timetable, and to discuss the settlement of the case.
  • Primary election: includes all primary nominating elections provided for by this code. See California Education Code 88127
  • prior law: means the applicable law as in effect prior to January 1, 1977. See California Government Code 31484
  • private school children with disabilities: means children with disabilities enrolled by a parent in private schools or facilities that meet the definition of "elementary school" in Section 300. See California Education Code 56170
  • Pro se: A Latin term meaning "on one's own behalf"; in courts, it refers to persons who present their own cases without lawyers.
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Probation officers: Screen applicants for pretrial release and monitor convicted offenders released under court supervision.
  • Process: signifies a writ or summons issued in the course of a judicial proceeding. See California Education Code 17389
  • program: means the Cal Grant B Service Incentive Grant Program established by this section. See California Education Code 69438
  • Program: means the California Memorial Scholarship Program established pursuant to Section 70010. See California Education Code 70010.1
  • Program: means the California Dental Corps Loan Repayment Program. See California Education Code 68051
  • Program fund: means the program fund established by this article, which shall be held as a separate fund within the Scholarshare trust. See California Education Code 69980
  • Program manager: means the staff manager of the diversion program, as designated by the executive officer of the board. See California Education Code 66021
  • Program manager: means the staff manager of the diversion program, as designated by the executive officer of the board. See California Education Code 69516
  • Project: as used in this chapter , means the California Science Project. See California Education Code 52955
  • project: means either of the following:

    California Government Code 31499.2

  • Project: means a land, building, improvement to the land or building, rehabilitation, work, property, or structure, real or personal, stationary or mobile, including, but not limited to, machinery and equipment utilized in the state, whether or not in existence or under construction, that utilizes, or is designed to utilize, an alternative source, or that is utilized for the design, technology transfer, manufacture, production, assembly, distribution, or service of advanced transportation technologies or alternative source components. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 50113.2
  • Project: means the purposes for which a school district has applied for an apportionment. See California Education Code 16502
  • Project: means the purpose or purposes for which a school district has applied for an apportionment or apportionments. See California Education Code 16702
  • Project children: means children of parents who have come to the district subsequent to the start of the state project and who are employed by the State of California or the federal government in connection with a state project and children of parents employed by any contractor or subcontractor of a state project. See California Education Code 16502
  • property: includes property real and personal. See California Education Code 17413
  • Property: includes both personal and real property. See California Education Code 17389
  • Proposed schoolsite: means real property acquired or to be acquired or proposed for use as a schoolsite, prior to its occupancy as a school. See California Education Code 17210
  • Proxy voting: The practice of allowing a legislator to cast a vote in committee for an absent legislator.
  • Public defender: Represent defendants who can't afford an attorney in criminal matters.
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • Public report: means a preliminary public report, conditional public report, final public report, or other such disclosure document authorized for use in connection with the offering of time-share interests pursuant to this chapter. See California Education Code 16313
  • purchase: include exchange, barter, gift, and offer of contract to sell or buy. See California Education Code 60222
  • Qualified higher education expenses: means the expenses of attendance at an institution of higher education as provided in paragraph (3) of subsection (e) of Section 529 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as it is amended from time to time, if, as determined by the board, the amendment is consistent with the purposes of this article, and as determined and certified by the institution of higher education in the same manner as prescribed in Title IV of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U. See California Education Code 69980
  • Qualifying institution: means an institution that complies with paragraphs (2) and (3) and is any of the following:

    California Education Code 69432.7

  • Rate of exchange: means the rate at which money of one country may be converted into money of another country in a free financial market convenient to or reasonably usable by a person obligated to pay or to state a rate of conversion. See California Education Code 71025
  • Recourse: An arrangement in which a bank retains, in form or in substance, any credit risk directly or indirectly associated with an asset it has sold (in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles) that exceeds a pro rata share of the bank's claim on the asset. If a bank has no claim on an asset it has sold, then the retention of any credit risk is recourse. Source: FDIC
  • Recovery Account: shall be deemed to refer to the Consumer Recovery Account. See California Education Code 16096
  • Refunding warrants: refers to warrants drawn by the Controller on the General Fund pursuant to this article to provide funds for the payment of reimbursement warrants bearing a fixed maturity date or warrants issued pursuant to Section 17211. See California Government Code 17240
  • Region: as used in this chapter , means the area included within a district. See California Government Code 31473
  • Regional plan: as used in this chapter , means a comprehensive, long-term general plan for the physical development of the region, and any land outside its boundaries which in the board's judgment bears relation to its planning. See California Government Code 31474
  • Regular election: is a n election, the specific time for the holding of which is prescribed by law. See California Education Code 88136
  • Regulations: means the rules and regulations set forth in Division 20 (commencing with Section 2000) of Title 16 of the California Code of Regulations. See California Education Code 52180
  • Reimbursement warrants: refers to warrants drawn by the Controller on the General Fund pursuant to this article to reimburse the General Cash Revolving Fund for demands against the General Fund for which warrants were drawn against the General Cash Revolving Fund. See California Government Code 17240
  • related services: means transportation, and such developmental, corrective, and other supportive services (including speech-language pathology and audiology services, interpreting services, psychological services, physical and occupational therapy, recreation, including therapeutic recreation, social work services, school nurse services designed to enable an individual with exceptional needs to receive a free appropriate public education as described in the individualized education program of the child, counseling services, including rehabilitation counseling, orientation, and mobility services, and medical services, except that such medical services shall be for diagnostic and evaluation purposes only) as may be required to assist an individual with exceptional needs to benefit from special education, and includes the early identification and assessment of disabling conditions in children. See California Education Code 56363
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings.
  • Remedial action plan: means a plan approved by the Department of Toxic Substances Control pursuant to Section 25356. See California Education Code 17210
  • Report: as used in this chapter , means the State Environmental Goals and Policy Report. See California Government Code 31454.5
  • Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
  • Reprisal action: means any act of intimidation, restraint, coercion, discrimination, or disciplinary action against any employee, or applicant for employment, who files a complaint pursuant to Section 53297. See California Government Code 53296
  • Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
  • Retailer: means any person who is engaged or who intends to engage in the business of selling motor vehicles at retail in this state. See California Education Code 60222
  • Revenue: means all rents, receipts, purchase payments, loan repayments, and all other income or receipts derived by the authority from a project, or the sale, lease, or other disposition of alternative source or advanced transportation technology facilities, or the making of loans to finance alternative source or advanced transportation technology facilities, and any income or revenue derived from the investment of money in any fund or account of the authority. See California Revenue and Taxation Code 50113.2
  • Right of offset: Banks' legal right to seize funds that a guarantor or debtor may have on deposit to cover a loan in default. It is also known as the right of set-off. Source: OCC
  • Salesperson: when used without modification, means a person licensed as a salesperson under any of the provisions of this part. See California Government Code 53151
  • Satisfactory academic progress: means those criteria required by applicable federal standards published in Title 34 of the Code of Federal Regulations. See California Education Code 70032
  • Satisfactory academic progress: means those criteria required by applicable federal standards published in Title 34 of the Code of Federal Regulations. See California Education Code 69432.7
  • Scholarshare trust: means the trust created pursuant to this article. See California Education Code 69980
  • Scholarship: means a participant's account as established by the board with moneys deposited in the fund. See California Education Code 70010.1
  • School district: includes county offices of education. See California Education Code 52550
  • Scope of arbitration: means economic issues, including salaries, wages and overtime pay, health and pension benefits, vacation and other leave, reimbursements, incentives, differentials, and all other forms of remuneration. See California Education Code 72023.5
  • Security: means an undertaking to assure payment, to the party for whose benefit the undertaking is required to be furnished, of the party's reasonable expenses, including attorney's fees and not limited to taxable costs, incurred in or in connection with a litigation instituted, caused to be instituted, or maintained or caused to be maintained by a vexatious litigant. See California Education Code 69618.5
  • Sequester: To separate. Sometimes juries are sequestered from outside influences during their deliberations.
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • Sheriff: includes marshal. See California Education Code 17389
  • Short-term prediction: means a prediction of an earthquake that is expected to occur within a few hours to a few weeks. See California Government Code 31490.6
  • Signature: includes either of the following:

    California Education Code 88166

  • Signature: includes mark when the signer cannot write, such signer's name being written near the mark by a witness who writes his own name near the signer's name. See California Education Code 17494
  • Solar device: means the equipment associated with the collection, transfer, distribution, storage, and control of solar energy. See California Government Code 17070
  • Solar energy system: means a solar energy device that has the primary purpose of providing for the collection and distribution of solar energy for the generation of electricity, that produces at least one kW, and not more than five MW, alternating current rated peak electricity, and that meets or exceeds the eligibility criteria established pursuant to Section 25782. See California Government Code 17552
  • Special election: is a n election, the specific time for the holding of which is not prescribed by law. See California Education Code 88167.5
  • Specialty: means an area of dental practice approved by the American Dental Association and recognized by the board. See California Education Code 66900
  • Spot rate: means the rate of exchange at which foreign money is sold by a bank or other dealer in foreign exchange for immediate or next day availability or for settlement by immediate payment in cash or equivalent, by charge to an account, or by an agreed delayed settlement not exceeding two days. See California Education Code 71025
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Education Code 17317
  • spouse: includes a registered domestic partner, as required by Section 297. See California Education Code 17413
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Education Code 17389
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Education Code 17489
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Education Code 19407
  • Standard test: means a test conducted in accordance with the latest published standard adopted by ASTM International. See California Government Code 53250
  • State: means a State of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, or a territory or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United States. See California Education Code 71025
  • State: includes the District of Columbia and the territories when applied to the different parts of the United States, and the words "United States" may include the district and territories. See California Education Code 17389
  • State act: means the Carpenter-Presley-Tanner Hazardous Substance Account Act (Chapter 6. See California Education Code 17210
  • state agency: includes every state office, officer, department, division, bureau, board, and commission. See California Government Code 11000
  • State Clearinghouse: means the office of that name established by executive action of the Governor or any successor office designated by the Governor as the clearinghouse for information from the Office of Management and Budget in accordance with the Intergovernmental Cooperation Act of 1968 (P. See California Government Code 31464
  • State project: means any construction project undertaken by the state, or the state and federal government jointly, which will cause a sudden influx of people into the area affected and where sufficient housing, schools, and other community facilities are not available. See California Education Code 16502
  • State-aided district: means a district to which an apportionment has been made under this chapter. See California Education Code 16733
  • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Subpoena duces tecum: A command to a witness to produce documents.
  • Summative assessment: means an assessment designed to be given near the end of the school year to evaluate a pupil's knowledge and skills relative to a specific set of academic standards. See California Education Code 60603
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • supervision: means responsibility for, and control of, the quality of mental health and related services provided by the supervisee. See California Education Code 56021
  • supervision: means responsibility for, and control of, the quality of mental health and related services provided by the supervisee. See California Education Code 56363
  • supervisor: means any employee regardless of job description or title, having authority, in the interest of the employer, to hire, transfer, suspend, layoff, recall, promote, discharge, assign, reward, or discipline other employees, or responsibility to direct them, or to adjust their grievances, or effectively to recommend this action, if, in connection with the foregoing, the exercise of this authority is not of a merely routine or clerical nature, but requires the use of independent judgment. See California Government Code 53296
  • Supervisor: as used in this chapter , means an individual who meets all of the following requirements:

    California Education Code 54703

  • Supportive housing: means housing with no limit on length of stay, that is occupied by the target population, and that is linked to an onsite or offsite service that assists the supportive housing resident in retaining the housing, improving his or her health status, and maximizing his or her ability to live and, when possible, work in the community. See California Government Code 31494.1
  • Supportive services: include , but are not limited to, a combination of subsidized, permanent housing, intensive case management, medical and mental health care, substance abuse treatment, employment services, and benefits advocacy. See California Government Code 31494.1
  • Tanning device: means an ultraviolet tanning device and any accompanying equipment, including, but not limited to, protective eyewear, timers, and handrails. See California Education Code 66025.91
  • Tanning facility: means any location, place, area, structure, or business that provides persons access to any tanning device. See California Education Code 66025.91
  • Temporary restraining order: Prohibits a person from an action that is likely to cause irreparable harm. This differs from an injunction in that it may be granted immediately, without notice to the opposing party, and without a hearing. It is intended to last only until a hearing can be held.
  • Testate: To die leaving a will.
  • Testify: includes any mode of oral statement made under oath or affirmation. See California Education Code 17389
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Time-share interest: means and includes either of the following:

    California Education Code 16313

  • Time-share plan: means any arrangement, plan, scheme, or similar device, other than an exchange program, whether by membership agreement, sale, lease, deed, license, right to use agreement, or by any other means, whereby a purchaser, in exchange for consideration, receives ownership rights in or the right to use accommodations for a period of time less than a full year during any given year, on a recurring basis for more than one year, but not necessarily for consecutive years. See California Education Code 16313
  • Town: includes "unincorporated town" and "village. See California Education Code 19430
  • Trainee: as used in this chapter , means an unlicensed person who is currently enrolled in a master's or doctoral degree program, as specified in Sections 4980. See California Education Code 54703
  • trainee: means any person licensed under this chapter for the purpose of receiving comprehensive practical experience and instruction in clinical laboratory procedures in one of the sciences or in general clinical laboratory science under the direct and responsible supervision of a person authorized to direct a laboratory under the provisions of this chapter, clinical laboratory scientist, clinical chemist scientist, clinical microbiologist scientist, clinical toxicologist scientist, clinical immunohematologist scientist, clinical genetic molecular biologist scientist, clinical cytogeneticist scientist, clinical histocompatibility scientist, or other equivalent licensee in the science or specialty or subspecialty for which he or she is licensed in a clinical laboratory certified for this purpose by the department under this chapter. See California Education Code 56836.40
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Transitional housing: means buildings configured as rental housing developments, but operated under program requirements that require the termination of assistance and recirculating of the assisted unit to another eligible program recipient at a predetermined future point in time that shall be no less than six months from the beginning of the assistance. See California Government Code 31494.1
  • Trust fund: means the Agriculture Trust Fund created pursuant to Section 232. See California Education Code 69767
  • Truth in Lending Act: The Truth in Lending Act is a federal law that requires lenders to provide standardized information so that borrowers can compare loan terms. In general, lenders must provide information on Source: OCC
  • Ultraviolet tanning device: means equipment that emits electromagnetic radiation with wavelengths in the air between 200 and 400 nanometers used for tanning of the skin, including, but not limited to, a sunlamp, tanning booth, or tanning bed. See California Education Code 66025.91
  • Unapplied money: means money in the General Fund in the treasury for which outstanding warrants have not already been drawn and which would remain in the General Fund if all outstanding warrants theretofore drawn were paid. See California Government Code 17220
  • Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC
  • University: as used in this article , means the University of California. See California Education Code 69511.5
  • User fees: Fees charged to users of goods or services provided by the government. In levying or authorizing these fees, the legislature determines whether the revenue should go into the treasury or should be available to the agency providing the goods or services.
  • Usury: Charging an illegally high interest rate on a loan. Source: OCC
  • Variable Rate: Having a "variable" rate means that the APR changes from time to time based on fluctuations in an external rate, normally the Prime Rate. This external rate is known as the "index." If the index changes, the variable rate normally changes. Also see Fixed Rate.
  • Vexatious litigant: means a person who does any of the following:

    California Education Code 69618.5

  • Victim advocate: work with prosecutors and assist the victims of a crime.
  • Voter: means any elector who is registered under this code. See California Education Code 88183
  • Voter-nominated office: means a congressional or state elective office for which a candidate may choose to have his or her party preference or lack of party preference indicated upon the ballot. See California Education Code 88185
  • Writ: means an order or precept in writing, issued in the name of the people, or of a court or judicial officer. See California Education Code 17389
  • Writing: includes printing and typewriting. See California Education Code 17389