Chapter 1 General Provisions
Chapter 2 Matters To Be Considered in Granting Custody
Chapter 3 Temporary Custody Order During Pendency of Proceeding
Chapter 4 Joint Custody
Chapter 5 Visitation Rights
Chapter 6 Custody Investigation and Report
Chapter 7 Action for Exclusive Custody
Chapter 8 Location of Missing Party or Child
Chapter 9 Check to Determine Whether Child is Missing Person
Chapter 10 Appointment of Counsel to Represent Child
Chapter 11 Mediation of Custody and Visitation Issues
Chapter 12 Counseling of Parents and Child
Chapter 13 Supervised Visitation and Exchange Services, Education, and Counseling

Terms Used In California Codes > Family Code > Division 8 > Part 2

  • Acquire: includes purchase, condemnation, lease, and gift. See California Government Code 19243.2
  • Administrator: means the Administrator of Local Agency Security of the State of California. See California Government Code 53630
  • Adult: means an individual 18 years of age or older. See California Government Code 53633
  • Affected county: means each county from which territory is proposed to be transferred to create a new county. See California Government Code 56864
  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • Age: refers to the chronological age of any individual who has reached a 40th birthday. See California Government Code 19878.5
  • Agency: means the Labor and Workforce Development Agency. See California Education Code 32290
  • Agent of depository: means a trust company or trust department of a state or national bank located in this state, including the trust department of a depository where authorized, and the Federal Home Loan Bank of San Francisco, which is authorized to act as an agent of depository for the purposes of this article pursuant to Section 53657. See California Government Code 53630
  • Aggrieved person: includes any person who claims to have been injured by a discriminatory housing practice or believes that the person will be injured by a discriminatory housing practice that is about to occur. See California Government Code 19880.1
  • Aid-in-dying drug: means a drug determined and prescribed by a physician for a qualified individual, which the qualified individual may choose to self-administer to bring about his or her death due to a terminal disease. See California Government Code 53633
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • Amortization: Paying off a loan by regular installments.
  • Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Approved county: means the territory to be included in a new county after the registered voters in the affected county or counties have approved the creation of such a new county at a primary election, pursuant to Article 4 (commencing with Section 23350), but before an election is held for purposes of determining the location of the county seat and the selection of county officers for such new county, pursuant to Article 4. See California Government Code 56864
  • Aquaculture: means that form of agriculture devoted to the propagation, cultivation, maintenance, and harvesting of aquatic plants and animals in marine, brackish, and fresh water. See California Government Code 51917
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Attending physician: means the physician who has primary responsibility for the health care of an individual and treatment of the individual's terminal disease. See California Government Code 53633
  • Attending physician checklist and compliance form: means a form, as described in Section 443. See California Government Code 53633
  • automobile dismantler: is a ny person not otherwise expressly excluded by Section 221 who:

    California Education Code 8263 v2

  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • Bailiff: a court officer who enforces the rules of behavior in courtrooms.
  • ballot: means any of the following:

    California Education Code 88078

  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Baseline: Projection of the receipts, outlays, and other budget amounts that would ensue in the future without any change in existing policy. Baseline projections are used to gauge the extent to which proposed legislation, if enacted into law, would alter current spending and revenue levels.
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • Board: means the Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology and Hearing Aid Dispensers Board. See California Education Code 74265.5
  • Board: means the State Public Works Board. See California Government Code 19243.2
  • bus: is a ny vehicle, including a trailer bus, designed, used, or maintained for carrying more than 15 persons including the driver. See California Education Code 8265
  • business: includes a proprietorship, partnership, corporation, and any other form of commercial enterprise. See California Education Code 8265.1
  • California state preschool program: means part-day and full-day educational programs for low-income or otherwise disadvantaged three- and four-year-old children. See California Education Code 8208
  • candidate: includes any officeholder who is subject to a recall election. See California Education Code 88085
  • Child care and development programs: means those programs that offer a full range of services for children from infancy to 13 years of age, for any part of a day, by a public or private agency, in centers and family child care homes. See California Education Code 8208
  • Child care and development services: means those services designed to meet a wide variety of needs of children and their families, while their parents or guardians are working, in training, seeking employment, incapacitated, or in need of respite. See California Education Code 8208
  • Children with exceptional needs: means either of the following:

    California Education Code 8208

  • City: includes every city and city and county within this State. See California Education Code 8270
  • Clerk: means the clerk of a county board of supervisors. See California Government Code 56864
  • Commission: means the County Formation Review Commission. See California Government Code 56864
  • Commission: means the Fish and Game Commission, and "commissioner" means a member of the Fish and Game Commission. See California Government Code 51924
  • Commissioner: means any county agricultural commissioner. See California Education Code 19957.5
  • Construction: includes the extension, enlargement, repair, renovation, restoration, improvement, furnishing, and equipping of any public building. See California Government Code 19243.2
  • Consulting physician: means a physician who is independent from the attending physician and who is qualified by specialty or experience to make a professional diagnosis and prognosis regarding an individual's terminal disease. See California Government Code 53633
  • consumer: means a natural individual who has made application to a person for employment purposes, for insurance for personal, family, or household purposes, or the hiring of a dwelling unit, as defined in subdivision (c) of Section 1940. See California Education Code 101034.5
  • Contamination: includes any equivalent effect resulting from the disposal of waste, whether or not waters of the state are affected. See California Health and Safety Code 103448
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Corporation: includes a limited liability company. See California Government Code 53630
  • Cost: includes , but is not limited to, expenditures that are related to the operation of child care and development programs. See California Education Code 8208
  • Council: means the Fair Employment and Housing Council and "council member" means a member of the council. See California Government Code 19878
  • County: includes "city and county. See California Education Code 32284
  • County: includes "city and county. See California Education Code 17389
  • County: includes "city and county. See California Education Code 1915
  • County: includes city and county. See California Government Code 50967
  • County: includes city and county. See California Government Code 51925
  • County: includes city and county. See California Education Code 14004.5
  • County: includes city and county. See California Education Code 24937
  • County: includes every county and city and county within this State. See California Education Code 8275
  • court-appointed investigator: means a probation officer, domestic relations investigator, or court-appointed evaluator directed by the court to conduct an investigation pursuant to this chapter. See California Health and Safety Code 102315
  • creed: include all aspects of religious belief, observance, and practice, including religious dress and grooming practices. See California Government Code 19878.5
  • Dangerous condition: means a condition of property that creates a substantial (as distinguished from a minor, trivial or insignificant) risk of injury when such property or adjacent property is used with due care in a manner in which it is reasonably foreseeable that it will be used. See California Government Code 830
  • Dealer: is a person not otherwise expressly excluded by Section 286 who:

    California Education Code 8276.5

  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Department: means Department of Industrial Relations. See California Education Code 32295.5
  • Department: means the Department of Human Resources. See California Government Code 19815
  • Department: means the State Department of Public Health. See California Government Code 53633
  • Department: means the Department of Fish and Wildlife. See California Government Code 51928
  • Department: means the Department of Food and Agriculture. See California Education Code 19959
  • Department: means the Department of Fair Employment and Housing. See California Government Code 19878
  • department: means State Department of Health Services. See California Education Code 24943
  • Department: means the Department of Motor Vehicles except, when used in Chapter 2 (commencing with Section 2100) of Division 2 and in Divisions 11 (commencing with Section 21000), 12 (commencing with Section 24000), 13 (commencing with Section 29000), 14 (commencing with Section 31600), 14. See California Education Code 8277.2
  • Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
  • Depository: means a state or national bank, savings association or federal association, a state or federal credit union, or a federally insured industrial loan company, in this state in which the moneys of a local agency are deposited. See California Government Code 53630
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • Director: means Director of Industrial Relations. See California Education Code 32390
  • Director: means the Director of Fish and Wildlife. See California Government Code 51929
  • Director: means the Director of Fair Employment and Housing. See California Government Code 19878
  • Director: means "State Director of Health Services. See California Education Code 24944
  • Disadvantaged community: means a community with a median household income less than 80 percent of the statewide average. See California Government Code 18903
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Discrimination: includes refusal to sell, rent, or lease housing accommodations. See California Government Code 19880.1
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • distributor: is a ny person other than a manufacturer who sells or distributes new vehicles subject to registration under this code, new trailers subject to identification pursuant to Section 5014. See California Education Code 8277.65
  • distributor branch: is a n office maintained by a distributor for the sale of new vehicles or new trailers subject to identification pursuant to Section 5014. See California Education Code 8277.66
  • Division: means the Division of Labor Standards Enforcement. See California Government Code 12751
  • Donor: The person who makes a gift.
  • driver: is a person who drives or is in actual physical control of a vehicle. See California Education Code 8278.3
  • driving school: is a business which, for compensation, conducts or offers to conduct instruction in the operation of motor vehicles. See California Education Code 8279.2
  • driving school owner: is a ny person licensed by the department to engage in the business of giving instruction for compensation in the driving of motor vehicles or in the preparation of an applicant for examination for a driver's license issued by the department. See California Education Code 8279.4
  • Election: means any election including a primary that is provided for under this code. See California Education Code 88097
  • Elections official: means any of the following:

    California Education Code 88100

  • Elector: means a person who is a United States citizen 18 years of age or older and, except as specified in subdivision (b), is a resident of an election precinct in this state on or before the day of an election. See California Education Code 88101
  • Employer: includes any person regularly employing five or more persons, or any person acting as an agent of an employer, directly or indirectly, the state or any political or civil subdivision of the state, and cities, except as follows:

    California Government Code 19878.5

  • Employer: means any person who, directly or indirectly or through an employee, agent, independent contractor, or any other person, employs an industrial homeworker. See California Government Code 12751
  • Employment agency: includes any person undertaking for compensation to procure employees or opportunities to work. See California Government Code 19878.5
  • employment purposes: when used in connection with an investigative consumer report, means a report used for the purpose of evaluating a consumer for employment, promotion, reassignment, or retention as an employee. See California Education Code 101034.5
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • Fair Credit Reporting Act: A federal law, established in 1971 and revised in 1997, that gives consumers the right to see their credit records and correct any mistakes. Source: OCC
  • Fair Debt Collection Practices Act: The Fair Debt Collection Practices Act is a set of United States statutes added as Title VIII of the Consumer Credit Protection Act. Its purpose is to ensure ethical practices in the collection of consumer debts and to provide consumers with an avenue for disputing and obtaining validation of debt information in order to ensure the information's accuracy. It is often used in conjunction with the Fair Credit Reporting Act. Source: OCC
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation: A government corporation that insures the deposits of all national and state banks that are members of the Federal Reserve System. Source: OCC
  • Federal Reserve System: The central bank of the United States. The Fed, as it is commonly called, regulates the U.S. monetary and financial system. The Federal Reserve System is composed of a central governmental agency in Washington, D.C. (the Board of Governors) and twelve regional Federal Reserve Banks in major cities throughout the United States. Source: OCC
  • Federally insured industrial loan company: means an industrial loan company licensed under Division 7 (commencing with Section 18000) of the Financial Code, the investment certificates of which are insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation. See California Government Code 53630
  • Fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it.
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • Fish: means a wild fish, mollusk, crustacean, invertebrate, amphibian, or part, spawn, or ovum of any of those animals. See California Government Code 51930
  • Fishery: means both of the following:

    California Government Code 52008

  • for hire: means that the entity providing transportation services is compensated for the transportation under contract or agreement. See California Education Code 8370
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • Forgery: The fraudulent signing or alteration of another's name to an instrument such as a deed, mortgage, or check. The intent of the forgery is to deceive or defraud. Source: OCC
  • Four-year-old children: means children who will have their fourth birthday on or before the date specified of the fiscal year in which they are enrolled in a California state preschool program, as follows:

    California Education Code 8208

  • franchise: is a written agreement between two or more persons having all of the following conditions:

    California Education Code 8329

  • franchisee: is a ny person who, pursuant to a franchise, receives new motor vehicles subject to registration under this code, new off-highway motorcycles, as defined in Section 436, new all-terrain vehicles, as defined in Section 111, or new trailers subject to identification pursuant to Section 5014. See California Education Code 8330
  • franchisor: is a ny person who manufactures, assembles, or distributes new motor vehicles subject to registration under this code, new off-highway motorcycles, as defined in Section 436, new all-terrain vehicles, as defined in Section 111, or new trailers subject to identification pursuant to Section 5014. See California Education Code 8331
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
  • Gender: means sex, and includes a person's gender identity and gender expression. See California Government Code 19878.5
  • Gender expression: means a person's gender-related appearance and behavior whether or not stereotypically associated with the person's assigned sex at birth. See California Government Code 19878.5
  • General election: means either of the following:

    California Education Code 88104

  • Genetic information: includes any request for, or receipt of, genetic services, or participation in clinical research that includes genetic services, by an individual or any family member of the individual. See California Government Code 19878.5
  • Germane: On the subject of the pending bill or other business; a strict standard of relevance.
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • Hazardous substance: means either of the following:

    California Health and Safety Code 103448

  • Hearing aid dispenser: as used in this article , means a person engaged in the practice of fitting or selling hearing aids to an individual with impaired hearing. See California Education Code 76231
  • Highway: is a way or place of whatever nature, publicly maintained and open to the use of the public for purposes of vehicular travel. See California Education Code 8332.7
  • Home: means any room, house, apartment, or other premises, whichever is most extensive, used in whole or in part as a place of dwelling. See California Government Code 12751
  • improvements pertaining to the realty: include any machinery or equipment installed for use on property taken by eminent domain, or on the remainder if such property is part of a larger parcel, that cannot be removed without a substantial economic loss or without substantial damage to the property on which it is installed, regardless of the method of installation. See California Education Code 8280.1
  • In forma pauperis: In the manner of a pauper. Permission given to a person to sue without payment of court fees on claim of indigence or poverty.
  • Indebtedness: means the net obligations of a county arising from contract or through the operation of law, other than short-term operational expenses, but including and not limited to obligations arising under general obligation bonds, leases, joint powers agreements, and similar obligations or contracts entered into by the county prior to the date on which a petition is filed. See California Government Code 56864
  • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • Industrial homework: means any manufacture in a home of materials or articles for an employer when such articles or materials are not for the personal use of the employer or a member of his or her family. See California Government Code 12751
  • Industrial homeworker: means any person who does industrial homework. See California Government Code 12751
  • Informed decision: means a decision by an individual with a terminal disease to request and obtain a prescription for a drug that the individual may self-administer to end the individual's life, that is based on an understanding and acknowledgment of the relevant facts, and that is made after being fully informed by the attending physician of all of the following:

    California Government Code 53633

  • instruction: includes classroom driver education, in-vehicle driver training, and correspondence study. See California Education Code 8279.2
  • Interrogatories: Written questions asked by one party of an opposing party, who must answer them in writing under oath; a discovery device in a lawsuit.
  • investigative consumer report: means a consumer report in which information on a consumer's character, general reputation, personal characteristics, or mode of living is obtained through any means. See California Education Code 101034.5
  • investigative consumer reporting agency: means any person who, for monetary fees or dues, engages in whole or in part in the practice of collecting, assembling, evaluating, compiling, reporting, transmitting, transferring, or communicating information concerning consumers for the purposes of furnishing investigative consumer reports to third parties, but does not include any governmental agency whose records are maintained primarily for traffic safety, law enforcement, or licensing purposes, or any licensed insurance agent, insurance broker, or solicitor, insurer, or life insurance agent. See California Education Code 101034.5
  • Joint committee: Committees including membership from both houses of teh legislature. Joint committees are usually established with narrow jurisdictions and normally lack authority to report legislation.
  • Kelp: means kelp or other marine aquatic plants and the seeds thereof. See California Government Code 51933
  • Labor Commissioner: means Chief of the Division of Labor Standards Enforcement. See California Education Code 32400
  • Labor organization: includes any organization that exists and is constituted for the purpose, in whole or in part, of collective bargaining or of dealing with employers concerning grievances, terms or conditions of employment, or of other mutual aid or protection. See California Government Code 19878.5
  • Lease: means a lease or sublease of real property for other than residential purposes, and includes modifications and other agreements affecting a lease. See California Civil Code 1995.020
  • Licensee: means a person or entity, other than a corporation, authorized by a license, certificate, registration, or other means to engage in a business or profession regulated by this code or referred to in Section 1000 or 3600. See California Education Code 17351
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • Local agency: means county, city, city and county, including a chartered city or county, a community college district, or other public agency or corporation in this state. See California Government Code 53630
  • Local educational agency: means a school district, a county office of education, a community college district, or a school district acting on behalf of one or more schools within the school district. See California Education Code 8208
  • manufacturer branch: is a n office maintained by a manufacturer for the sale of new vehicles to dealers or for directing or supervising in whole or in part the manufacturer's representatives. See California Education Code 8352
  • Medical condition: means either of the following:

    California Government Code 19878.5

  • Medically confirmed: means the medical diagnosis and prognosis of the attending physician has been confirmed by a consulting physician who has examined the individual and the individual's relevant medical records. See California Government Code 53633
  • Mental disability: includes , but is not limited to, all of the following:

    California Government Code 19878.5

  • Mental health specialist: means a psychiatrist or a licensed psychologist. See California Government Code 53633
  • Mile: means either a statute mile (5,280 feet) or a nautical mile (6,077 feet) depending on the application. See California Government Code 51936
  • Military and veteran status: means a member or veteran of the United States Armed Forces, United States Armed Forces Reserve, the United States National Guard, and the California National Guard. See California Government Code 19878.5
  • Mistrial: An invalid trial, caused by fundamental error. When a mistrial is declared, the trial must start again from the selection of the jury.
  • motor vehicle: includes a recreational vehicle as that term is defined in subdivision (a) of Section 18010 of the Health and Safety Code, but does not include a truck camper. See California Education Code 8360
  • National Bank: A bank that is subject to the supervision of the Comptroller of the Currency. The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency is a bureau of the U.S. Treasury Department. A national bank can be recognized because it must have "national" or "national association" in its name. Source: OCC
  • National Credit Union Administration: The federal regulatory agency that charters and supervises federal credit unions. (NCUA also administers the National Credit Union Share Insurance Fund, which insures the deposits of federal credit unions.) Source: OCC
  • Net: means any gear made of any kind of twine, thread, string, rope, wire, wood, or other materials used for the gilling, entangling, trapping, or impounding of fish. See California Government Code 51937
  • New motor vehicle dealer: is a dealer, as defined in Section 285, who, in addition to the requirements of that section, either acquires for resale new and unregistered motor vehicles from manufacturers or distributors of those motor vehicles or acquires for resale new off-highway motorcycles, or all-terrain vehicles from manufacturers or distributors of the vehicles. See California Education Code 8360.2
  • Nominate: means the selection, at a state-conducted primary election, of candidates who are entitled by law to participate in the general election for that office, but does not mean any other lawful mechanism that a political party may adopt for the purposes of choosing the candidate who is preferred by the party for a nonpartisan or voter-nominated office. See California Education Code 88112
  • Nonresident: means a person who is not a resident as defined in Section 70. See California Government Code 51938
  • Notice: includes all papers and orders required to be served in any proceedings before any court, board, or officer, or when required by law to be served independently of such proceeding. See California Government Code 26660
  • Nuisance: means anything which meets all of the following requirements:

    California Health and Safety Code 103448

  • Oath: includes an affirmation or declaration. See California Education Code 17389
  • Oath: includes affirmation. See California Education Code 19423
  • On the bases enumerated in this part: means or refers to discrimination on the basis of one or more of the following: race, religious creed, color, national origin, ancestry, physical disability, mental disability, medical condition, genetic information, marital status, sex, age, sexual orientation, or military and veteran status. See California Government Code 19878.5
  • Operator: as used in this article , means any person, partnership, organization or corporation that controls, manages, conducts or otherwise administers a swap meet. See California Government Code 11292
  • order: include a decree, as appropriate under the circumstances. See California Government Code 50972
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • owner: is a person having all the incidents of ownership, including the legal title of a vehicle whether or not such person lends, rents, or creates a security interest in the vehicle. See California Education Code 8368
  • paratransit vehicle: is a passenger vehicle, other than a bus, schoolbus, school pupil activity bus, youth bus, general public paratransit vehicle, or taxicab that is both of the following:

    California Education Code 8370

  • Parent: means a biological parent, stepparent, adoptive parent, foster parent, caretaker relative, or any other adult living with a child who has responsibility for the care and welfare of the child. See California Education Code 8208
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Party: means a political party or organization that has qualified for participation in any primary or presidential general election. See California Education Code 88122
  • Person: means any person, association, organization, partnership, business trust, limited liability company, or corporation. See California Education Code 32289
  • Person: includes a corporation as well as a natural person. See California Education Code 17389
  • Person: means any individual, partnership, corporation, limited liability company, or other organization or combination thereof, except that only individuals can be licensed under this chapter. See California Education Code 74265.5
  • Person: includes any city, county, district, the state, and the United States, to the extent authorized by federal law. See California Health and Safety Code 103448
  • Person: includes a natural person, firm, copartnership, association, limited liability company, or corporation. See California Education Code 8404
  • Person: includes a natural person, firm, association, organization, partnership, business trust, corporation, limited liability company, or public entity. See California Government Code 50973
  • Person: includes one or more individuals, partnerships, associations, corporations, limited liability companies, legal representatives, trustees, trustees in bankruptcy, and receivers or other fiduciaries. See California Government Code 19878
  • Person: means any natural person or any partnership, corporation, limited liability company, trust, or other type of association. See California Government Code 51941
  • Person: means any individual, partnership and each partner thereof, corporation, limited liability company, or association. See California Government Code 12751
  • person: as used in this title shall not be construed to require duplicative reporting by any individual, corporation, trust, estate, cooperative, association, government, or governmental subdivision or agency, or other entity involved in the same transaction. See California Education Code 101034.5
  • personal property: include money, goods, chattels, things in action, and evidences of debt. See California Education Code 17413
  • Petitioner: includes plaintiff, where appropriate. See California Government Code 50978
  • Physical disability: includes , but is not limited to, all of the following:

    California Government Code 19878.5

  • Physician: means a doctor of medicine or osteopathy currently licensed to practice medicine in this state. See California Government Code 53633
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • Pollution: means an alteration of the quality of the waters of the state by waste to a degree which unreasonably affects either of the following:

    California Health and Safety Code 103448

  • Pooled securities: means eligible securities held by an agent of depository for a depository and securing deposits of one or more local agencies. See California Government Code 53630
  • Practice of fitting or selling hearing aids: as used in this article , means those practices used for the purpose of selection and adaptation of hearing aids, including direct observation of the ear, testing of hearing in connection with the fitting and selling of hearing aids, taking of ear mold impressions, fitting or sale of hearing aids, and any necessary postfitting counseling. See California Education Code 76224
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • Preservation: means rehabilitation, stabilization, restoration, conservation, development, and reconstruction, or any combination of those activities. See California Government Code 18903
  • Principal county: means the county from which it is proposed that territory with the greatest proportion of assessed value, as shown on the last equalized assessment roll, relative to the total amount of taxable property within the boundaries of a proposed county, is to be transferred to create, in part, that proposed county. See California Government Code 56864
  • private school: is a ny school, whether conducted for profit or not, giving a course of training similar to that given in a public school at or below the twelfth grade, including but not limited to schools owned or operated by any church. See California Education Code 8409
  • Pro per: A slang expression sometimes used to refer to a pro se litigant. It is a corruption of the Latin phrase "in propria persona." Source: U.S. Courts
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Probate: Proving a will
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Proceeding: includes an action. See California Government Code 50974
  • Process: signifies a writ or summons issued in the course of a judicial proceeding. See California Education Code 17389
  • property: includes property real and personal. See California Education Code 17413
  • Property: includes all property, real, personal or mixed, tangible or intangible, or any interest therein necessary or desirable for carrying out the purposes of this part. See California Government Code 19243.2
  • Proprietary child care agency: means an organization or facility providing child care, which is operated for profit. See California Education Code 8208
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • Protect against: includes repairing, remedying or correcting a dangerous condition, providing safeguards against a dangerous condition, or warning of a dangerous condition. See California Government Code 830
  • Protection: means those actions necessary to prevent harm or damage to persons, property, or natural, cultural, and historic resources, actions to improve access to public open-space areas, or actions to allow the continued use and enjoyment of property or natural, cultural, and historic resources, and includes site monitoring, acquisition, development, restoration, preservation, and interpretation. See California Government Code 18903
  • Public place: means any street, alley, park, public building, any place of business or assembly open to or frequented by the public, and any other place that is open to the public view, or to which the public has access. See California Government Code 53633
  • Purchase: means "buy" as defined in Section 24. See California Government Code 51942
  • Qualified individual: means an adult who has the capacity to make medical decisions, is a resident of California, and has satisfied the requirements of this part in order to obtain a prescription for a drug to end his or her life. See California Government Code 53633
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • Recourse: An arrangement in which a bank retains, in form or in substance, any credit risk directly or indirectly associated with an asset it has sold (in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles) that exceeds a pro rata share of the bank's claim on the asset. If a bank has no claim on an asset it has sold, then the retention of any credit risk is recourse. Source: FDIC
  • Regional board: means any California regional water quality control board for a region as specified in Section 13200. See California Health and Safety Code 103448
  • Registration service: includes , but is not limited to, a person who, for compensation, processes registration documents, conducts lien sales, or processes vehicle dismantling documents. See California Education Code 8421.5
  • relevant market area: is a ny area within a radius of 10 miles from the site of a potential new dealership. See California Education Code 8423
  • Religious dress practice: shall be construed broadly to include the wearing or carrying of religious clothing, head or face coverings, jewelry, artifacts, and any other item that is part of an individual observing a religious creed. See California Government Code 19878.5
  • Religious grooming practice: shall be construed broadly to include all forms of head, facial, and body hair that are part of an individual observing a religious creed. See California Government Code 19878.5
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • remanufacturer: is a ny person who for commission, money, or other thing of value, produces a vehicle that consists of any used or reconditioned integral parts, including, but not limited to, frame, engine, transmission, axles, brakes, or suspension which is subject to registration under this code. See California Education Code 8426
  • Resident: means any person who manifests an intent to live or be located in this state on more than a temporary or transient basis. See California Education Code 8431
  • Resident: means any person who has resided continuously in the State of California for six months or more immediately prior to the date of his application for a license or permit, any person on active military duty with the Armed Forces of the United States or auxiliary branch thereof, or any person enrolled in the Job Corps established pursuant to Section 2883 of Title 29 of the United States Code. See California Government Code 51943
  • Restoration: means the improvement of physical structures or facilities and, in the case of natural systems and landscape features, includes, but is not limited to, projects for the control of erosion, stormwater capture and storage or to otherwise reduce stormwater pollution, the control and elimination of invasive species, the planting of native species, the removal of waste and debris, prescribed burning, fuel hazard reduction, fencing out threats to existing or restored natural resources, road elimination, improving instream, riparian, or managed wetland habitat conditions, and other plant and wildlife habitat improvement to increase the natural system value of the property or coastal or ocean resource. See California Government Code 18903
  • Savings association or federal association: means a savings association, savings and loan association, or savings bank as defined by Section 5102 of the Financial Code. See California Government Code 53630
  • season: means "open season. See California Government Code 51939.2
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of Labor and Workforce Development. See California Education Code 32300
  • Security: means any of the eligible securities or obligations listed in Section 53651. See California Government Code 53630
  • Sell: includes offer or possess for sale, barter, exchange, or trade. See California Government Code 51945
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Sex: includes , but is not limited to, the following:

    California Government Code 19878.5

  • Sexual orientation: means heterosexuality, homosexuality, and bisexuality. See California Government Code 19878.5
  • Sheriff: includes marshal. See California Education Code 17389
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Education Code 17317
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Education Code 32283
  • spouse: includes a registered domestic partner, as required by Section 297. See California Education Code 17413
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Government Code 51072
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Education Code 19407
  • Standard reimbursement rate: means that rate established by the Superintendent pursuant to Section 8265. See California Education Code 8208
  • State: includes the District of Columbia and the territories when applied to the different parts of the United States, and the words "United States" may include the district and territories. See California Education Code 17389
  • State: means a state of the United States, the District of Columbia, or a commonwealth, territory, or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United States. See California Government Code 51073
  • State: means the State of California, unless applied to the different parts of the United States. See California Government Code 51950
  • State: means the State of California, unless applied to the different parts of the United States. See California Education Code 14022
  • State: means the State of California, unless applied to the different parts of the United States. See California Education Code 25000.5
  • state agency: includes every state office, officer, department, division, bureau, board, and commission. See California Government Code 11000
  • State agency: includes any state office, officer, department, division, bureau, board, commission, organization, or agency including, without limitation, the University of California, the California State University, the California Community Colleges, and the Judicial Council. See California Government Code 19243.2
  • State board: means the State Water Resources Control Board. See California Health and Safety Code 103448
  • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
  • stock: means a species, subspecies, geographical grouping, or other category of fish capable of management as a unit. See California Government Code 52032
  • Subdivision: means a subdivision of the section in which that term occurs unless some other section is expressly mentioned. See California Government Code 51944
  • Subdivision: means a subdivision of the section in which that term occurs unless some other section is expressly mentioned. See California Education Code 19970
  • Subdivision: means a subdivision of the section in which that term occurs unless some other section is expressly mentioned. See California Education Code 14002.05
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • subscription: includes mark when the signer or subscriber cannot write, such signer's or subscriber's name being written near the mark by a witness who writes his own name near the signer's or subscriber's name. See California Education Code 12057
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Supervisor: means any individual having the authority, in the interest of the employer, to hire, transfer, suspend, lay off, recall, promote, discharge, assign, reward, or discipline other employees, or the responsibility to direct them, or to adjust their grievances, or effectively to recommend that action, if, in connection with the foregoing, the exercise of that authority is not of a merely routine or clerical nature, but requires the use of independent judgment. See California Government Code 19878.5
  • Support: refers to a support obligation owing on behalf of a child, spouse, or family, or an amount owing pursuant to Section 17402. See California Government Code 51075
  • swap meet: as used in this article , includes a flea market or an open-air market and means an event, regardless of the number of persons offering or displaying personal property or the absence of fees, at which used personal property is offered or displayed for sale or exchange if the event is held more than six times in any 12-month period. See California Government Code 11292
  • Take: means hunt, pursue, catch, capture, or kill, or attempt to hunt, pursue, catch, capture, or kill. See California Government Code 51951
  • Teacher: means a person with the appropriate permit issued by the Commission on Teacher Credentialing who provides program supervision and instruction that includes supervision of a number of aides, volunteers, and groups of children. See California Education Code 8208
  • Tenancy in common: A type of property ownership in which two or more individuals have an undivided interest in property. At the death of one tenant in common, his (her) fractional percentage of ownership in the property passes to the decedent
  • Tenant: includes a subtenant or assignee. See California Civil Code 1995.020
  • Terminal disease: means an incurable and irreversible disease that has been medically confirmed and will, within reasonable medical judgment, result in death within six months. See California Government Code 53633
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • To employ: means to engage, suffer or permit any person to do industrial homework, or to tolerate, suffer, or permit articles or materials under one's custody or control to be manufactured in a home by industrial homework. See California Government Code 12751
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • traffic: includes pedestrians, ridden animals, vehicles, street cars, and other conveyances, either singly or together, while using any highway for purposes of travel. See California Education Code 8483.3
  • trailer: includes a semitrailer when used in conjunction with an auxiliary dolly, if the auxiliary dolly is of a type constructed to replace the function of the drawbar and the front axle or axles of a trailer. See California Education Code 8483.76
  • transit bus: is a ny bus owned or operated by a publicly owned or operated transit system, or operated under contract with a publicly owned or operated transit system, and used to provide to the general public, regularly scheduled transportation for which a fare is charged. See California Education Code 8484
  • Treasurer: means treasurer of the local agency. See California Government Code 53630
  • Trustor: The person who makes or creates a trust. Also known as the grantor or settlor.
  • Undue hardship: means an action requiring significant difficulty or expense, when considered in light of the following factors:

    California Government Code 19878.5

  • Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC
  • United States: means the United States of America, and in relation to any particular matter includes the officers, agents, employees, agencies, or instrumentalities authorized to act in relation thereto. See California Education Code 14022.5
  • vehicle: is a device by which any person or property may be propelled, moved, or drawn upon a highway, excepting a device moved exclusively by human power or used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks. See California Education Code 8486
  • Vendor: as used in this article , means any person, partnership, organization or corporation who exchanges, sells, or offers for sale or exchange any merchandise at a swap meet. See California Government Code 11292
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • Violation: includes a failure to comply with any requirement of the code. See California Education Code 32400 v2
  • Voir dire: The process by which judges and lawyers select a petit jury from among those eligible to serve, by questioning them to determine knowledge of the facts of the case and a willingness to decide the case only on the evidence presented in court. "Voir dire" is a phrase meaning "to speak the truth."
  • Voter: means any elector who is registered under this code. See California Education Code 88183
  • Waste: includes sewage and any and all other waste substances, liquid, solid, gaseous, or radioactive, associated with human habitation, or of human or animal origin, or from any producing, manufacturing, or processing operation, including waste placed within containers of whatever nature prior to, and for purposes of, disposal. See California Health and Safety Code 103448
  • Water quality control: means the regulation of any activity or factor which may affect the quality of the waters of the state and includes the prevention and correction of water pollution and nuisance. See California Health and Safety Code 103448
  • Water quality control plan: consists of a designation or establishment for the waters within a specified area of all of the following:

    California Health and Safety Code 103448

  • Water quality objectives: means the limits or levels of water quality constituents or characteristics which are established for the reasonable protection of beneficial uses of water or the prevention of nuisance within a specific area. See California Health and Safety Code 103448
  • Waters of the state: means any surface water or groundwater, including saline waters, within the boundaries of the state. See California Health and Safety Code 103448
  • Writ: means an order or precept in writing, issued in the name of the people, or of a court or judicial officer. See California Education Code 17389
  • Writing: includes printing and typewriting. See California Education Code 17389