Article 1 Savings Liability
Article 2 Savings Accounts
Article 3 Contracts for Savings Programs
Article 4 Powers of Attorney on Savings Accounts
Article 5 Married Persons and Minors
Article 6 Multiple-Party Accounts
Article 7 Accounts of Administrators, Executors, Guardians, Custodians, Trustees, and Other Fiduciaries
Article 8 Accounts of Incompetents
Article 9 Accounts of Deceased Nonresidents
Article 10 Savings Accounts as Legal Investments and as Security; Public Funds
Article 11 Interest
Article 12 Withdrawals
Article 13 Redemption

Terms Used In California Codes > Financial Code > Division 2 > Chapter 5

  • action: as used in this Title is to be construed, whenever it is necessary so to do, as including a special proceeding of a civil nature. See California Code of Civil Procedure 363
  • Action: includes a civil action and a criminal action. See California Evidence Code 105
  • Advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Agency: means the Labor and Workforce Development Agency. See California Labor Code 18.5
  • agreement: means the total legal obligation that results from the parties' agreement as determined by this code and as supplemented by any other applicable laws. See California Commercial Code 1201
  • Amusement ride: includes the business of operating bungee jumping services or providing services to facilitate bungee jumping, but does not include slides, playground equipment, coin-operated devices or conveyances which operate directly on the ground or on the surface or pavement directly on the ground or the operation of amusement devices of a permanent nature. See California Labor Code 7901
  • Appeals board: means the Workers' Compensation Appeals Board. See California Labor Code 6101
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Aquaculture: means that form of agriculture devoted to the propagation, cultivation, maintenance, and harvesting of aquatic plants and animals in marine, brackish, and fresh water. See California Fish and Game Code 17
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Attorney-in-fact: A person who, acting as an agent, is given written authorization by another person to transact business for him (her) out of court.
  • Bag limit: means the maximum limit, in number or amount, of birds, mammals, fish, reptiles, or amphibians that may lawfully be taken by any one person during a specified period of time. See California Fish and Game Code 18
  • Bank: means a person engaged in the business of banking, and includes a savings bank, savings and loan association, credit union, and trust company. See California Commercial Code 1201
  • Beneficiary: means a person to whom a donative transfer of property is made or that person's successor in interest, and:

    California Probate Code 24

  • Bequest: Property gifted by will.
  • Bill of lading: means a document evidencing the receipt of goods for shipment issued by a person engaged in the business of transporting or forwarding goods. See California Commercial Code 1201
  • Birth admission: means the time after birth that the newborn remains in the hospital nursery prior to discharge. See California Health and Safety Code 124116
  • board: means the Occupational Safety and Health Standards Board. See California Labor Code 140
  • Burden of producing evidence: means the obligation of a party to introduce evidence sufficient to avoid a ruling against him on the issue. See California Evidence Code 110
  • Burden of proof: means the obligation of a party to establish by evidence a requisite degree of belief concerning a fact in the mind of the trier of fact or the court. See California Evidence Code 115
  • Business: includes every kind of business described in Section 1270. See California Evidence Code 1560
  • Buyer: means a person who buys or contracts to buy goods. See California Commercial Code 2103
  • CalWORKs recipient: means a recipient of aid under Chapter 2 (commencing with Section 11200) of Part 3 of Division 9 of the Welfare and Institutions Code or any successor program. See California Education Code 79200
  • CCS: means the California Children's Services program administered through the State Department of Health Services. See California Health and Safety Code 124116
  • certificated members: shall mean members who retain membership under this system while employed in positions subject to coverage under the Defined Benefit Program under the State Teachers' Retirement System. See California Government Code 20636.1
  • Chambers: A judge's office.
  • Charity: An agency, institution, or organization in existence and operating for the benefit of an indefinite number of persons and conducted for educational, religious, scientific, medical, or other beneficent purposes.
  • City: includes incorporated city, city and county, municipal corporation, municipality, town and incorporated town. See California Financial Code 13
  • Civil action: includes civil proceedings. See California Evidence Code 120
  • Commission: means the Fish and Game Commission, and "commissioner" means a member of the Fish and Game Commission. See California Fish and Game Code 30
  • Commission: means the California Transportation Commission. See California Government Code 14501
  • commission: means the California Transportation Commission. See California Government Code 14002.5
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • compensation: means the remuneration paid out of funds controlled by the employer in payment for the member's services performed during normal working hours or for time during which the member is excused from work because of any of the following:

    California Government Code 20630

  • Conduct: includes all active and passive behavior, both verbal and nonverbal. See California Evidence Code 125
  • Conservator: includes a limited conservator. See California Probate Code 30
  • contract: means the bargain of the parties in fact, as found in their language or inferred from other circumstances, including course of performance, course of dealing, or usage of trade as provided in Section 1303. See California Commercial Code 1201
  • Contract for sale: includes both a present sale of goods and a contract to sell goods at a future time. See California Commercial Code 2106
  • Contract for sale of real property: means an agreement wherein one party agrees to convey title to real property to another party upon the satisfaction of specified conditions set forth in the contract and which requires conveyance of title within one year from the date of formation of the contract, whether designated in the agreement a "contract for sale of real property" "land sale contract" "deposit receipt" "agreement for sale" "agreement to convey" or otherwise. See California Civil Code 886.010
  • County: includes city and county. See California Fish and Game Code 32
  • County: includes city and county. See California Financial Code 14
  • Creditor: includes a general creditor, a secured creditor, a lien creditor, and any representative of creditors, including an assignee for the benefit of creditors, a trustee in bankruptcy, a receiver in equity, and an executor or administrator of an insolvent debtor's or assignor's estate. See California Commercial Code 1201
  • Day: means calendar day, and "week" means calendar week. See California Fish and Game Code 35
  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Defense attorney: Represent defendants in criminal matters.
  • Department: means the Department of Fish and Wildlife. See California Fish and Game Code 37
  • Department: means the Department of Transportation. See California Government Code 14501
  • Department: means the department. See California Health and Safety Code 124030
  • Department: means the State Department of Health Services. See California Health and Safety Code 124116
  • Department: means Department of Industrial Relations. See California Labor Code 19
  • Department: means the Department of Transportation. See California Government Code 14002.5
  • Department: means the Department of Industrial Relations. See California Labor Code 6302
  • Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • Director: means the Director of Fish and Wildlife. See California Fish and Game Code 39
  • Director: means the director. See California Health and Safety Code 124030
  • Director: means Director of Industrial Relations. See California Labor Code 20
  • Director: means the Director of Transportation. See California Government Code 14002.5
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • District: means fish and game district. See California Fish and Game Code 41
  • Division: means the Division of Labor Standards Enforcement. See California Labor Code 2650
  • Division: means the Division of Occupational Safety and Health. See California Labor Code 6302
  • Donor: The person who makes a gift.
  • Embezzlement: In most states, embezzlement is defined as theft/larceny of assets (money or property) by a person in a position of trust or responsibility over those assets. Embezzlement typically occurs in the employment and corporate settings. Source: OCC
  • Employer: means any person who, directly or indirectly or through an employee, agent, independent contractor, or any other person, employs an industrial homeworker. See California Labor Code 2650
  • employer: means :

    California Labor Code 3300

  • Escheat: Reversion of real or personal property to the state when 1) a person dies without leaving a will and has no heirs, or 2) when the property (such as a bank account) has been inactive for a certain period of time. Source: OCC
  • Evidence: means testimony, writings, material objects, or other things presented to the senses that are offered to prove the existence or nonexistence of a fact. See California Evidence Code 140
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • Fault: means a default, breach, or wrongful act or omission. See California Commercial Code 1201
  • Federal Reserve System: The central bank of the United States. The Fed, as it is commonly called, regulates the U.S. monetary and financial system. The Federal Reserve System is composed of a central governmental agency in Washington, D.C. (the Board of Governors) and twelve regional Federal Reserve Banks in major cities throughout the United States. Source: OCC
  • Fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it.
  • Financial institution: means a state or national bank, state or federal savings and loan association or credit union, or like organization. See California Probate Code 40
  • Fish: means a wild fish, mollusk, crustacean, invertebrate, amphibian, or part, spawn, or ovum of any of those animals. See California Fish and Game Code 45
  • Fishery: means both of the following:

    California Fish and Game Code 94

  • Followup services: means all of the following:

    California Health and Safety Code 124116

  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • Fund: means State Compensation Insurance Fund. See California Labor Code 6101
  • Fungible goods: means :

    California Commercial Code 1201

  • Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Good faith: except as otherwise provided in Division 5 (commencing with Section 5101), means honesty in fact and the observance of reasonable commercial standards of fair dealing. See California Commercial Code 1201
  • Governing body: means the county board of supervisors or boards of supervisors in the case of counties acting jointly. See California Health and Safety Code 124030
  • Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • Habeas corpus: A writ that is usually used to bring a prisoner before the court to determine the legality of his imprisonment. It may also be used to bring a person in custody before the court to give testimony, or to be prosecuted.
  • Health care: means any care, treatment, service, or procedure to maintain, diagnose, or otherwise affect a patient's physical or mental condition. See California Probate Code 3200
  • Health care decision: means a decision regarding the patient's health care, including the following:

    California Probate Code 3200

  • Health care institution: means an institution, facility, or agency licensed, certified, or otherwise authorized or permitted by law to provide health care in the ordinary course of business. See California Probate Code 3200
  • health care provider: includes , but is not limited to, the following:

    California Probate Code 4781

  • hearing: means the hearing at which a question under this code arises, and not some earlier or later hearing. See California Evidence Code 145
  • Hearing loss: means a hearing loss of 30 decibels or greater in the frequency region important for speech recognition and comprehension in one or both ears (from 500 through 4000 Hz). See California Health and Safety Code 124116
  • Holder: means :

    California Commercial Code 1201

  • Home: means any room, house, apartment, or other premises, whichever is most extensive, used in whole or in part as a place of dwelling. See California Labor Code 2650
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • Industrial homework: means any manufacture in a home of materials or articles for an employer when such articles or materials are not for the personal use of the employer or a member of his or her family. See California Labor Code 2650
  • Industrial homeworker: means any person who does industrial homework. See California Labor Code 2650
  • Infant: means a child 29 days through 12 months old. See California Health and Safety Code 124116
  • injury: as used in this division , includes cancer, including leukemia, that develops or manifests itself during a period in which any member described in subdivision (a) is in the service of the department or unit, if the member demonstrates that he or she was exposed, while in the service of the department or unit, to a known carcinogen as defined by the International Agency for Research on Cancer, or as defined by the director. See California Labor Code 3212.1
  • Instrument: means a will, a document establishing or modifying a trust, a deed, or any other writing that designates a beneficiary or makes a donative transfer of property. See California Probate Code 45
  • Intangible property: Property that has no intrinsic value, but is merely the evidence of value such as stock certificates, bonds, and promissory notes.
  • Inter vivos: Transfer of property from one living person to another living person.
  • interested person: includes any of the following:

    California Probate Code 48

  • Intervention services: means the early intervention services described in Part C of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (20 U. See California Health and Safety Code 124116
  • Irrevocable trust: A trust arrangement that cannot be revoked, rescinded, or repealed by the grantor.
  • Juror: A person who is on the jury.
  • Labor Commissioner: means Chief of the Division of Labor Standards Enforcement. See California Labor Code 21
  • Law: includes constitutional, statutory, and decisional law. See California Evidence Code 160
  • Lawsuit: A legal action started by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a complaint that the defendant failed to perform a legal duty, resulting in harm to the plaintiff.
  • Money: means a medium of exchange currently authorized or adopted by a domestic or foreign government. See California Commercial Code 1201
  • Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
  • Mortgagor: The person who pledges property to a creditor as collateral for a loan and who receives the money.
  • natural resource: includes land, water, air, minerals, vegetation, wildlife, silence, historic or aesthetic sites, or any other natural resource which, irrespective of ownership contributes, or in the future may contribute, to the health, safety, welfare, or enjoyment of a substantial number of persons, or to the substantial balance of an ecological community. See California Government Code 12605
  • Net: means any gear made of any kind of twine, thread, string, rope, wire, wood, or other materials used for the gilling, entangling, trapping, or impounding of fish. See California Fish and Game Code 56
  • Newborn: means a child less than 29 days old. See California Health and Safety Code 124116
  • Newborn hearing screening services: means those hearing screening tests that are necessary to achieve the identification of all newborns and infants with a hearing loss. See California Health and Safety Code 124116
  • Nonresident: means a person who is not a resident as defined in Section 70. See California Fish and Game Code 57
  • Oath: A promise to tell the truth.
  • Occupational Safety and Health Standards Board: as used in this part means the Occupational Safety and Health Standards Board of the Division of Occupational Safety and Health, Department of Industrial Relations, State of California. See California Labor Code 7801
  • Original: means the writing itself or any counterpart intended to have the same effect by a person executing or issuing it. See California Evidence Code 255
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • Packer: means any person canning fish or preserving fish by the common methods of drying, salting, pickling, smoking, cold packing, or vacuum packing. See California Fish and Game Code 7700
  • Parent: means any individual entitled to take as a parent under this code by intestate succession from the child whose relationship is involved. See California Probate Code 54
  • Parent: means a natural parent, adoptive parent, or legal guardian of a child. See California Health and Safety Code 124116
  • Patient: means an adult who does not have a conservator of the person and for whom a health care decision needs to be made. See California Probate Code 3200
  • Permit: means a document issued by the division which indicates that an inspection of the ride has been performed pursuant to rules and regulations adopted by the division. See California Labor Code 7901
  • permit: means a permit that is issued pursuant to Section 33222. See California Food and Agricultural Code 33221
  • Person: includes a natural person, firm, association, organization, partnership, business trust, corporation, limited liability company, or public entity. See California Evidence Code 175
  • Person: means any natural person or any partnership, corporation, limited liability company, trust, or other type of association. See California Fish and Game Code 67
  • person: includes any person, firm, association, organization, partnership, business trust, corporation, limited liability company, company, district, county, city and county, city, town, the state, and any of the agencies and political subdivisions of such entities. See California Government Code 12604
  • Person: means any individual, partnership and each partner thereof, corporation, limited liability company, or association. See California Labor Code 2650
  • Person: means an individual, corporation, government or governmental subdivision or agency, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, limited liability company, association, or other entity. See California Probate Code 56
  • Person: means an individual, corporation, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, limited liability company, association, joint venture, government, governmental subdivision, agency, or instrumentality, public corporation, or any other legal or commercial entity. See California Commercial Code 1201
  • Person: means any person, association, organization, partnership, business trust, limited liability company, or corporation. See California Labor Code 18
  • Personal representative: means executor, administrator, administrator with the will annexed, special administrator, successor personal representative, public administrator acting pursuant to Section 7660, or a person who performs substantially the same function under the law of another jurisdiction governing the person's status. See California Probate Code 58
  • physical therapy: as used in this chapter , and a license issued pursuant to this chapter does not authorize the diagnosis of disease. See California Business and Professions Code 2620
  • Physician Orders for Life Sustaining Treatment form: means a request regarding resuscitative measures that directs a health care provider regarding resuscitative and life-sustaining measures. See California Probate Code 4780
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
  • Power of termination: includes the power created in a transferee to terminate a fee simple estate in real property to enforce a restriction on the use of the real property in the form of a limitation or condition subsequent to which the fee simple estate is subject, whether the power is characterized in the instrument that creates or evidences it as an executory interest, executory limitation, or otherwise, and includes the interest known at common law as an executory interest preceded by a fee simple determinable. See California Civil Code 885.010
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • preliminary fact: means a fact upon the existence or nonexistence of which depends the admissibility or inadmissibility of evidence. See California Evidence Code 400
  • present sale: means a sale which is accomplished by the making of the contract. See California Commercial Code 2106
  • Pretrial conference: A meeting of the judge and lawyers to discuss which matters should be presented to the jury, to review evidence and witnesses, to set a timetable, and to discuss the settlement of the case.
  • Process: signifies a writ or summons issued in the course of a judicial proceeding. See California Code of Civil Procedure 17
  • proffered evidence: means evidence, the admissibility or inadmissibility of which is dependent upon the existence or nonexistence of a preliminary fact. See California Evidence Code 401
  • Property: includes both real and personal property. See California Evidence Code 185
  • Property: means anything that may be the subject of ownership and includes both real and personal property and any interest therein. See California Probate Code 62
  • property: includes property real and personal. See California Civil Code 14
  • Public defender: Represent defendants who can't afford an attorney in criminal matters.
  • Public employee: means an officer, agent, or employee of a public entity. See California Evidence Code 195
  • Public entity: includes a nation, state, county, city and county, city, district, public authority, public agency, or any other political subdivision or public corporation, whether foreign or domestic. See California Evidence Code 200
  • Purchase: means "buy" as defined in Section 24. See California Fish and Game Code 68
  • Recess: A temporary interruption of the legislative business.
  • Record: includes every kind of record maintained by a business. See California Evidence Code 1560
  • Reduction plant: means any plant used in the reduction or conversion of fish into fish flour, fishmeal, fish scrap, fertilizer, fish oil, or other fishery products or byproducts. See California Fish and Game Code 7700
  • Remedy: means any remedial right to which an aggrieved party is entitled with or without resort to a tribunal. See California Commercial Code 1201
  • Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
  • Request regarding resuscitative measures: includes one, or both of, the following:

    California Probate Code 4780

  • Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
  • Resident: means any person who has resided continuously in the State of California for six months or more immediately prior to the date of his application for a license or permit, any person on active military duty with the Armed Forces of the United States or auxiliary branch thereof, or any person enrolled in the Job Corps established pursuant to Section 2883 of Title 29 of the United States Code. See California Fish and Game Code 70
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • Right: includes remedy. See California Commercial Code 1201
  • season: means "open season. See California Fish and Game Code 62
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of Labor and Workforce Development. See California Labor Code 19.5
  • Secretary: means the Secretary of Transportation. See California Government Code 14002.5
  • Security: includes any note, stock, treasury stock, bond, debenture, evidence of indebtedness, certificate of interest or participation in an oil, gas, or mining title or lease or in payments out of production under such a title or lease, collateral trust certificate, transferable share, voting trust certificate or, in general, any interest or instrument commonly known as a security, or any certificate of interest or participation, any temporary or interim certificate, receipt, or certificate of deposit for, or any warrant or right to subscribe to or purchase, any of the foregoing. See California Probate Code 70
  • Security interest: includes any interest of a consignor and a buyer of accounts, chattel paper, a payment intangible, or a promissory note in a transaction that is subject to Division 9 (commencing with Section 9101). See California Commercial Code 1201
  • Sell: includes offer or possess for sale, barter, exchange, or trade. See California Fish and Game Code 75
  • Seller: means a person who sells or contracts to sell goods. See California Commercial Code 2103
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Sheriff: includes marshal. See California Code of Civil Procedure 17
  • Signed: includes using any symbol executed or adopted with present intention to adopt or accept a writing. See California Commercial Code 1201
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Fish and Game Code 9.2
  • Spouse: includes domestic partner, as defined in Section 37 of this code, as required by Section 297. See California Probate Code 72
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Labor Code 12.2
  • Spouse: includes "registered domestic partner" as required by Section 297. See California Code of Civil Procedure 17
  • Standards board: means the Occupational Safety and Health Standards Board, within the department. See California Labor Code 6302
  • State: means the State of California, unless applied to the different parts of the United States. See California Evidence Code 220
  • State: means the State of California, unless applied to the different parts of the United States. See California Fish and Game Code 83
  • State: includes any state of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, and any territory or possession subject to the legislative authority of the United States. See California Probate Code 74
  • State: means a state of the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands, or any territory or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United States. See California Commercial Code 1201
  • State agency: means any agency, department, division, commission, board, bureau, officer, or other authority of the State of California. See California Labor Code 6101
  • Statement: means (a) oral or written verbal expression or (b) nonverbal conduct of a person intended by him as a substitute for oral or written verbal expression. See California Evidence Code 225
  • Statute: includes a treaty and a constitutional provision. See California Evidence Code 230
  • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
  • Subdivision: means a subdivision of the section in which that term occurs unless some other section is expressly mentioned. See California Fish and Game Code 73
  • Subpoena duces tecum: A command to a witness to produce documents.
  • Take: means hunt, pursue, catch, capture, or kill, or attempt to hunt, pursue, catch, capture, or kill. See California Fish and Game Code 86
  • Temporary restraining order: Prohibits a person from an action that is likely to cause irreparable harm. This differs from an injunction in that it may be granted immediately, without notice to the opposing party, and without a hearing. It is intended to last only until a hearing can be held.
  • Tenancy in common: A type of property ownership in which two or more individuals have an undivided interest in property. At the death of one tenant in common, his (her) fractional percentage of ownership in the property passes to the decedent
  • Term: means a portion of an agreement that relates to a particular matter. See California Commercial Code 1201
  • Testator: A male person who leaves a will at death.
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • third party: means a person that has engaged in a transaction or made an agreement subject to this code. See California Commercial Code 1201
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Town: includes "unincorporated town" and "village. See California Government Code 21
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Transferor: means the testator, settlor, grantor, owner, or other person who executes an instrument. See California Probate Code 81
  • Transport: includes offer or receive for transportation. See California Fish and Game Code 88
  • Trier of fact: includes (a) the jury and (b) the court when the court is trying an issue of fact other than one relating to the admissibility of evidence. See California Evidence Code 235
  • Trust: includes the following:

    California Probate Code 82

  • Trust company: means an entity that has qualified to engage in and conduct a trust business in this state. See California Probate Code 83
  • Trustee: includes an original, additional, or successor trustee, whether or not appointed or confirmed by a court. See California Probate Code 84
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Veto: The procedure established under the Constitution by which the President/Governor refuses to approve a bill or joint resolution and thus prevents its enactment into law. A regular veto occurs when the President/Governor returns the legislation to the house in which it originated. The President/Governor usually returns a vetoed bill with a message indicating his reasons for rejecting the measure. In Congress, the veto can be overridden only by a two-thirds vote in both the Senate and the House.
  • Violation: includes a failure to comply with any requirement of the code. See California Labor Code 22
  • Voir dire: The process by which judges and lawyers select a petit jury from among those eligible to serve, by questioning them to determine knowledge of the facts of the case and a willingness to decide the case only on the evidence presented in court. "Voir dire" is a phrase meaning "to speak the truth."
  • Will: includes codicil and any testamentary instrument which merely appoints an executor or revokes or revises another will. See California Probate Code 88
  • will: includes codicil. See California Civil Code 14
  • Writ: means an order or precept in writing, issued in the name of the people, or of a court or judicial officer. See California Code of Civil Procedure 17
  • Writing: means handwriting, typewriting, printing, photostating, photographing, photocopying, transmitting by electronic mail or facsimile, and every other means of recording upon any tangible thing, any form of communication or representation, including letters, words, pictures, sounds, or symbols, or combinations thereof, and any record thereby created, regardless of the manner in which the record has been stored. See California Evidence Code 250
  • Writing: includes printing, typewriting, or any other intentional reduction to tangible form. See California Commercial Code 1201
  • Writing: includes printing and typewriting. See California Code of Civil Procedure 17