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|Chapter 2||Special Taxes|
Terms Used In California Codes > Government Code > Title 4 > Division 4 - FINANCIAL PROVISIONS
- action taken: means a collective decision made by the members of a state body, a collective commitment or promise by the members of the state body to make a positive or negative decision or an actual vote by the members of a state body when sitting as a body or entity upon a motion, proposal, resolution, order or similar action. See California Government Code 11122
- Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
- Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
- Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
- Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
- assessed value: means 25 percent of full value to, and including, the 1980-81 fiscal year, and 100 percent of full value for the 1981-82 fiscal year and fiscal years thereafter. See California Government Code 25
- Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
- Ballot: means original, voter-verifiable paper ballots, including voter-marked paper ballots whether marked manually or via a ballot marking device or system, and, where direct recording electronic (DRE) voting systems are used, the voter-verifiable paper audit trail (VVPAT). See California Elections Code 15366
- ballot: means any of the following:
California Elections Code 301
- Ballot card: means a card or a number of cards upon which are printed, or identified by reference to the ballot, the names of candidates for nomination or election to one or more offices or the ballot titles of one or more measures. See California Elections Code 302
- Ballot-level comparison audit: means a type of risk-limiting audit that involves both of the following steps:
California Elections Code 15366
- board of supervisors: means the board of supervisors of the county within which the city or territory is situated. See California Government Code 34001
- candidate: includes any officeholder who is subject to a recall election. See California Elections Code 305
- City: includes "city and county" and "incorporated town" but does not include "unincorporated town" or "village. See California Government Code 20
- Clerk: means the county elections official, registrar of voters, city clerk, or other officer or board charged with the duty of conducting any election. See California Elections Code 307
- Commissioner: means the Insurance Commissioner of this State. See California Insurance Code 20
- Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
- County: includes city and county. See California Government Code 19
- County: includes "city and county. See California Insurance Code 14
- Domestic: means organized under the laws of this State, whether or not admitted. See California Insurance Code 26
- Election: means any election including a primary that is provided for under this code. See California Elections Code 318
- Election board: means the board of supervisors of each county, the city council or other governing body of a city, or any board or officer to whom similar powers and duties are given by any charter. See California Elections Code 319
- Elections official: means any of the following:
California Elections Code 320
- Elector: means a person who is a United States citizen 18 years of age or older and, except as specified in subdivision (b), is a resident of an election precinct in this state on or before the day of an election. See California Elections Code 321
- Electoral outcome: means the winner or winners of an election contest or whether a measure passed. See California Elections Code 15366
- Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
- Federal election: means any presidential election, general election, primary election, or special election held solely or in part for the purpose of selecting, nominating, or electing any candidate for the office of President, Vice President, presidential elector, Member of the United States Senate, or Member of the United States House of Representatives. See California Elections Code 323
- Foreign: means not organized under the laws of this State, whether or not admitted. See California Insurance Code 27
- Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
- General election: means either of the following:
California Elections Code 324
- Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
- Inspector: means the supervisor of the precinct board of which he or she is a member. See California Elections Code 325
- Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
- Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
- Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
- legislative body: means board of trustees, city council, or other governing body of a city. See California Government Code 34000
- Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
- Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
- Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
- Local election: is a municipal, county, or district election. See California Elections Code 328
- mayor: includes president of the legislative body. See California Government Code 34002
- Measure: means any constitutional amendment or other proposition submitted to a popular vote at any election. See California Elections Code 329
- meeting: includes any congregation of a majority of the members of a state body at the same time and place to hear, discuss, or deliberate upon any item that is within the subject matter jurisdiction of the state body to which it pertains. See California Government Code 11122.5
- Municipal election: means elections in general law cities and where applicable in chartered cities. See California Elections Code 330
- municipal improvement: includes bridges, waterworks, water rights, sewers, light and power works or plants, buildings for municipal uses, wharves, breakwaters, jetties, seawalls, schoolhouses, fire apparatus, street work, and other works, property, or structures necessary or convenient to carry out the objects, purposes, and powers of the city. See California Government Code 43601
- Oath: includes affirmation. See California Government Code 15
- Oath: A promise to tell the truth.
- Party: means a political party or organization that has qualified for participation in any primary or presidential general election. See California Elections Code 338
- Person: includes any person, firm, association, organization, partnership, limited liability company, business trust, corporation, or company. See California Government Code 17
- Person: means any person, firm, association, organization, partnership, business trust, corporation, limited liability company, or company. See California Water Code 19
- Person: means any person, association, organization, partnership, business trust, limited liability company, or corporation. See California Insurance Code 19
- Personal property: All property that is not real property.
- Polling place: means a location where a voter casts a ballot and includes the following terms, as applicable: poll, polling location, and vote center. See California Elections Code 338.5
- Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
- Precinct: means a geographical area within a county that is made up of voters and is formed pursuant to Chapter 3 (commencing with Section 12200) of Division 12. See California Elections Code 338.6
- precinct board: means the board appointed by the elections official to serve at a vote center. See California Elections Code 339
- Precinct board member: is a member of the precinct board and includes an election officer. See California Elections Code 339
- Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
- Primary election: includes all primary nominating elections provided for by this code. See California Elections Code 341
- Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
- Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
- Punchcard: means a tabulating card on which the voter may record his or her vote by punching, marking, or slotting. See California Elections Code 344
- Punching: includes marking a ballot card to record a vote. See California Elections Code 345
- Regular election: is a n election, the specific time for the holding of which is prescribed by law. See California Elections Code 348
- Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
- Risk-limiting audit: means a post-election process that involves hand-to-eye, human inspection of ballots in such a manner that if a full manual tally of all the ballots cast in the contest would show different outcomes than the results reported by the voting system, there is at most a five percent chance that the post-election process will not lead to such a full manual tally. See California Elections Code 15366
- Roster: means the official list of voters for an election, which may be in paper or electronic form. See California Elections Code 349.5
- School office: means the office filled by any school officer. See California Elections Code 351
- Signature: includes either of the following:
California Elections Code 354.5
- Software: includes all programs, voting devices, cards, ballot cards or papers, operating manuals or instructions, test procedures, printouts, and other nonmechanical or nonelectrical items necessary to the operation of a voting system. See California Elections Code 355
- Special election: is a n election, the specific time for the holding of which is not prescribed by law. See California Elections Code 356
- State: means the State of California, unless applied to the different parts of the United States. See California Government Code 18
- State: means the State of California, unless applied to the different parts of the United States. See California Water Code 18
- State: means the State of California, unless applied to the different parts of the United States. See California Insurance Code 28
- state body: means each of the following:
California Government Code 11121
- Statewide election: is a n election held throughout the state. See California Elections Code 357
- Subdivision: means a subdivision of the section in which the term occurs unless some other section is expressly mentioned. See California Government Code 10
- Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
- Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
- Vote center: means a location established for holding elections that offers the services described in Sections 2170, 4005, and 4007. See California Elections Code 357.5
- Vote tabulating device: means any piece of equipment, other than a voting machine, that compiles a total of votes cast by means of ballot card sorting, ballot card reading, paper ballot scanning, electronic data processing, or a combination of that type of equipment. See California Elections Code 358
- Voter: means any elector who is registered under this code. See California Elections Code 359
- Voter list: means the list of registered voters in a single or consolidated precinct or in an entire county. See California Elections Code 359.2
- Voter-nominated office: means a congressional or state elective office for which a candidate may choose to have his or her party preference or lack of party preference indicated upon the ballot. See California Elections Code 359.5
- Voting device: means any device used in conjunction with a ballot card or cards to indicate the choice of the voter by marking, punching, or slotting the ballot card. See California Elections Code 360
- Voting machine: means any electronic device, including, but not limited to, a precinct optical scanner and a direct recording voting system, into which a voter may enter his or her votes, and which, by means of electronic tabulation and generation of printouts or other tangible, human-readable records, furnishes a total of the number of votes cast for each candidate and for or against each measure. See California Elections Code 361
- Voting system: means a mechanical, electromechanical, or electronic system and its software, or any combination of these used for casting a ballot, tabulating votes, or both. See California Elections Code 362