§ 20-311 Definitions
§ 20-311a Real Estate Commission
§ 20-311b Duties of commission
§ 20-311c Executive director. Expenses of commission members. Records
§ 20-311d Bond for chairperson
§ 20-311e Deposit of fees
§ 20-311f Arbitration of disputes between brokers or salespersons
§ 20-312 License required. Imposition of fine
§ 20-312a Liability of brokers for salespersons affiliated as independent contractors
§ 20-312b Licensed real estate broker or real estate salesperson not deemed “employee” under section 31-275
§ 20-313 Application for license
§ 20-314 License qualifications. Examinations. Renewals. Fees. Reinstatement. Hearings
§ 20-314a Regulations concerning approval of schools, courses and advertising. Exemption from experience requirement for certain applicants
§ 20-314b Validity of license
§ 20-314c Real estate student intern program. Application. Exemption from license requirements while enrolled in intern program
§ 20-315 Bond
§ 20-316 Grounds for refusal of license
§ 20-317 Persons licensed in another state as a real estate broker or salesperson. Requirements for Connecticut license. Consent to suits and actions
§ 20-318 Certificate
§ 20-319 Renewal. Continuing education requirements. Regulations
§ 20-319a Change of salesperson’s employment or affiliation. Fees
§ 20-320 Suspension or revocation of licenses. Fines
§ 20-320a Paid referral of any buyer of real property to an attorney, mortgage broker or lender prohibited. Suspension or revocation of license. Fines
§ 20-320b Prohibition against influencing real estate appraisals. Violation, penalty
§ 20-321 Notice and hearing
§ 20-322 Appeal
§ 20-323 Revocation of license upon conviction of crime
§ 20-324 Misrepresentation; penalty
§ 20-324a Real Estate Guaranty Fund
§ 20-324b Fee payable to fund
§ 20-324c Level of guaranty fund. Credits to guaranty fund and General Fund
§ 20-324d Limitation of actions
§ 20-324e Procedure
§ 20-324f Penalty for false or untrue claim
§ 20-324g Procedure for commission
§ 20-324h Payment from guaranty fund
§ 20-324i Regulations
§ 20-324j Appeal of commission decision, order or regulation
§ 20-324k Brokers to maintain escrow or trust account for certain moneys held. Disputed deposits
§ 20-325 Engaging in business without license
§ 20-325a Actions to recover commissions arising out of real estate transactions. Real estate broker’s lien for real property. Claim for lien. Provisions re commercial real estate transactions
§ 20-325b Certain real estate agreements to contain notice regarding commissions. Requirements
§ 20-325c Real estate broker or salesperson acting as mortgage broker
§ 20-325d Disclosure of representation. Regulations
§ 20-325e Hearings re real property claims for liens. Foreclosures. Judicial intervention
§ 20-325f Broker subagency. Written consent of client required. Vicarious liability of principal
§ 20-325g Dual agency consent agreements. Conclusive presumption of informed consent
§ 20-325h Prohibitions on use or disclosure of confidential information
§ 20-325i Designated buyer agents and seller agents
§ 20-325j Regulations re appointment of designated buyer or seller agent
§ 20-325k Commercial real estate transactions. Notice of commission rights
§ 20-325l Cooperation with out-of-state brokers and salespersons regarding commercial real estate transactions in this state
§ 20-325m Real estate brokers to retain certain real estate transaction records
§ 20-326 Report to Governor
§ 20-327 Employees
§ 20-327a Periodic publication of information and material
§ 20-327b Residential condition report. Exemptions. Template
§ 20-327c Credit due purchaser at closing if report not furnished
§ 20-327d No new implied or express warranties created. Seller not required to secure inspections, tests or other methods of determining condition of property
§ 20-327e Seller’s representations construed to extend to his actual knowledge only
§ 20-327f Notice re existence of hazardous waste facilities. Liability not imposed by section. Seller and licensee not required to participate in compiling list of facilities
§ 20-327g Notice of list of properties upon which hunting or shooting sports regularly take place. Liability not imposed by section
§ 20-327h Notice re housing discrimination and fair housing laws
§ 20-328 Regulations
§ 20-329 Exceptions concerning the licensure of brokers and salespersons
§ 20-329a Advertising and sale in this state of property in another state: Definitions
§ 20-329b Excepted activities. Filing fees
§ 20-329c Secretary as agent for service of process; bond; license required
§ 20-329d Submission of documents, promotional plan and advertising materials to department. Filing fees
§ 20-329e Investigation by department
§ 20-329f Issuance of license. Fees
§ 20-329g Reference to commission or department prohibited
§ 20-329h Rights of purchasers
§ 20-329i Penalty
§ 20-329j Commission members may not participate
§ 20-329k Nonliability of advertising media
§ 20-329l Appeal
§ 20-329m Regulations
§ 20-329n Deposits of purchasers and lessees to be held in escrow
§ 20-329o Real property securities dealers. Definitions. Certain sales not deemed a sale to the public
§ 20-329p License and endorsement requirements
§ 20-329q Statement to purchaser
§ 20-329r Appraisal of real property
§ 20-329s Filing and approval of materials to be used by dealer
§ 20-329t Annual financial report
§ 20-329u Desist order for violation. Appeal
§ 20-329v Permit to sell real property security required. Application
§ 20-329w Issuance or denial of permit. Limitation of commission’s authority. Hearing
§ 20-329x Prohibited acts. Penalty
§ 20-329y Civil action for injury from transaction
§ 20-329z Regulations
§ 20-329aa Appeal
§ 20-329bb Exemptions
§ 20-329cc “Nonmaterial fact concerning real property” defined
§ 20-329dd Nonmaterial fact concerning real property. No disclosure required. No cause of action
§ 20-329ee Purchaser or lessee may request written disclosure of property’s status re homicide, other felony or suicide
§ 20-329ff Legal rights retained for physical deficiencies
§ 20-329gg Exemptions. Federal transactions

Terms Used In Connecticut General Statutes > Chapter 392

  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • another: may extend and be applied to communities, companies, corporations, public or private, limited liability companies, societies and associations. See Connecticut General Statutes 1-1
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Attorney-at-law: A person who is legally qualified and licensed to practice law, and to represent and act for clients in legal proceedings.
  • Attorney-in-fact: A person who, acting as an agent, is given written authorization by another person to transact business for him (her) out of court.
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • broker: means (A) any person, partnership, association, limited liability company or corporation which acts for another person or entity and for a fee, commission or other valuable consideration, lists for sale, sells, exchanges, buys or rents, or offers or attempts to negotiate a sale, exchange, purchase or rental of, an estate or interest in real estate, or a resale of a mobile manufactured home, as defined in subdivision (1) of §. See Connecticut General Statutes 20-311
  • Commercial real estate transaction: means any transaction involving the sale, exchange, lease or sublease of real property other than real property containing any building or structure occupied or intended to be occupied by no more than four families or a single building lot to be used for family or household purposes. See Connecticut General Statutes 20-311
  • Commission: means the Connecticut Real Estate Commission appointed under the provisions of §. See Connecticut General Statutes 20-311
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Designated buyer agent: means a broker or salesperson designated by the real estate broker with whom the broker or salesperson is affiliated or employed to solely represent a named buyer or tenant client of the real estate broker during the term of a buyer representation agreement or authorization. See Connecticut General Statutes 20-311
  • Designated seller agent: means a broker or salesperson designated by the real estate broker with whom the broker or salesperson is affiliated or employed to solely represent a named seller or landlord client of the real estate broker during the term of a listing agreement or authorization. See Connecticut General Statutes 20-311
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Embezzlement: In most states, embezzlement is defined as theft/larceny of assets (money or property) by a person in a position of trust or responsibility over those assets. Embezzlement typically occurs in the employment and corporate settings. Source: OCC
  • Engaging in the real estate business: means acting for another and for a fee, commission or other valuable consideration in the listing for sale, selling, exchanging, buying or renting, or offering or attempting to negotiate a sale, exchange, purchase or rental of, an estate or interest in real estate or a resale of a mobile manufactured home, as defined in subdivision (1) of §. See Connecticut General Statutes 20-311
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • Forgery: The fraudulent signing or alteration of another's name to an instrument such as a deed, mortgage, or check. The intent of the forgery is to deceive or defraud. Source: OCC
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Mortgage loan: A loan made by a lender to a borrower for the financing of real property. Source: OCC
  • Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
  • oath: shall include affirmations in cases where by law an affirmation may be used for an oath, and, in like cases, the word "swear" shall include the word "affirm". See Connecticut General Statutes 1-1
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Person: means any individual, partnership, association, limited liability company or corporation. See Connecticut General Statutes 20-311
  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • Recourse: An arrangement in which a bank retains, in form or in substance, any credit risk directly or indirectly associated with an asset it has sold (in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles) that exceeds a pro rata share of the bank's claim on the asset. If a bank has no claim on an asset it has sold, then the retention of any credit risk is recourse. Source: FDIC
  • salesperson: means a person affiliated with any real estate broker as an independent contractor or employed by a real estate broker to list for sale, sell or offer for sale, to buy or offer to buy or to negotiate the purchase or sale or exchange of real estate, or to offer for resale, a mobile manufactured home, as defined in subdivision (1) of §. See Connecticut General Statutes 20-311
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • succeeding: when used by way of reference to any section or sections, mean the section or sections next preceding, next following or next succeeding, unless some other section is expressly designated in such reference. See Connecticut General Statutes 1-1
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Trust account: A general term that covers all types of accounts in a trust department, such as estates, guardianships, and agencies. Source: OCC
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.