Terms Used In Hawaii Revised Statutes > Chapter 487N
- Accidental harm: means bodily injury, death, sickness, or disease caused by a motor vehicle accident to a person. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431:10C-103
- Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
- Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
- Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
- Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
- Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
- Ballot: includes a ballot used in an election by mail pursuant to part VIIA, including a ballot approved for electronic transmission. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 11-1
- Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
- Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
- blind: as used in this chapter , whether used as an adjective or noun, means blind or visually handicapped. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 347-2
- Business: means a sole proprietorship, partnership, corporation, association, or other group, however organized, and whether or not organized to operate at a profit. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 487N-1
- Business income: means income arising from transactions and activity in the regular course of the taxpayer's trade or business and includes income from tangible and intangible property if the acquisition, management, and disposition of the property constitute integral parts of the taxpayer's regular trade or business operations. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 235-21
- Candidate: means an individual who seeks nomination for election or seeks election to office. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 11-302
- Candidate committee: means an organization, association, or individual that receives campaign funds, makes expenditures, or incurs financial obligations on behalf of a candidate with the candidate's authorization. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 11-302
- Commercial domicile: means the principal place from which the trade or business of the taxpayer is directed or managed. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 235-21
- Commission: means the campaign spending commission. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 11-302
- Compensation: means wages, salaries, commissions, and any other form of remuneration paid to employees for personal services. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 235-21
- Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
- Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
- Contribution: means :
(1) A gift, subscription, deposit of money or anything of value, or cancellation of a debt or legal obligation and includes the purchase of tickets to fundraisers, for the purpose of:
(A) Influencing the nomination for election, or the election, of any person to office;
(B) Influencing the outcome of any question or issue that has been certified to appear on the ballot at the next applicable election; or
(C) Use by any candidate committee or noncandidate committee for the purpose of subparagraph (A) or (B);
(2) The payment, by any person or party other than a candidate, candidate committee, or noncandidate committee, of compensation for the services of another person that are rendered to the candidate, candidate committee, or noncandidate committee without charge or at an unreasonably low charge for a purpose listed in paragraph (1);
(3) A contract, promise, or agreement to make a contribution; or
(4) Any loans or advances that are not documented or disclosed to the commission as provided in section 11-372;
"Contribution" does not include:
(1) Services voluntarily provided without compensation by individuals to or on behalf of a candidate, candidate committee, or noncandidate committee;
(2) A candidate's expenditure of the candidate's own funds; provided that this expenditure shall be reportable as other receipts and expenditures;
(3) Any loans or advances to the candidate committee; provided that these loans or advances shall be reported as loans; or
(4) An individual, candidate committee, or noncandidate committee engaging in internet activities for the purpose of influencing an election if:
(A) The individual, candidate committee, or noncandidate committee is uncompensated for the internet activities; or
(B) The individual, candidate committee, or noncandidate committee uses equipment or services for uncompensated internet activities, regardless of who owns the equipment and services. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 11-302
- Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
- Council: means the information privacy and security council established under section 487N-5. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 487N-1
- county: includes the city and county of Honolulu. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 1-22
- Credit bureau: An agency that collects individual credit information and sells it for a fee to creditors so they can make a decision on granting loans. Typical clients include banks, mortgage lenders, credit card companies, and other financing companies. (Also commonly referred to as consumer-reporting agency or credit-reporting agency.) Source: OCC
- Criminal conduct: means :
(1) The commission of an offense punishable by imprisonment for more than one year;
(2) The operation or use of a motor vehicle with the specific intent of causing injury or damage; or
(3) The operation or use of a motor vehicle as a converter without a good faith belief by the operator or user that the operator or user is legally entitled to operate or use such vehicle. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431:10C-103
- Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
- Decedent: A deceased person.
- Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
- Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
- District: means , unless otherwise specified, the district of political representation with the fewest eligible voters in a particular election. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 11-1
- Election: means any election for office or for determining a question or issue provided by law or ordinance. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 11-302
- Election period: means :
(1) The two-year time period between the day after the general election through the day of the next general election, if a candidate is seeking nomination or election to a two-year office;
(2) The four-year time period between the day after the general election through the day of the next general election, if a candidate is seeking nomination or election to a four-year office; or
(3) For a special election, the period between the day after the general election for that office through the day of the special election. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 11-302
- encrypted: means the use of an algorithmic process to transform data into a form in which the data is rendered unreadable or unusable without the use of a confidential process or key. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 487N-1
- Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
- Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
- Expenditure: means :
(1) Any purchase or transfer of money or anything of value, or promise or agreement to purchase or transfer money or anything of value, or payment incurred or made, or the use or consumption of a nonmonetary contribution for the purpose of:
(A) Influencing the nomination for election, or the election, of any person seeking nomination for election or election to office, whether or not the person has filed the person's nomination papers;
(B) Influencing the outcome of any question or issue that has been certified to appear on the ballot at the next applicable election; or
(C) Use by any party for the purposes set out in subparagraph (A) or (B);
(2) Any payment, by any person other than a candidate, candidate committee, or noncandidate committee, of compensation for the services of another person that are rendered to the candidate, candidate committee, or noncandidate committee for any of the purposes mentioned in paragraph (1)(A); provided that payment under this paragraph shall include provision of services without charge; or
(3) The expenditure by a candidate of the candidate's own funds for the purposes set out in paragraph (1)(A). See Hawaii Revised Statutes 11-302
- Federal Reserve System: The central bank of the United States. The Fed, as it is commonly called, regulates the U.S. monetary and financial system. The Federal Reserve System is composed of a central governmental agency in Washington, D.C. (the Board of Governors) and twelve regional Federal Reserve Banks in major cities throughout the United States. Source: OCC
- Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
- Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
- Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
- Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
- Government agency: means any department, division, board, commission, public corporation, or other agency or instrumentality of the State or of any county. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 487N-1
- Grace period: The number of days you'll have to pay your bill for purchases in full without triggering a finance charge. Source: Federal Reserve
- Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
- Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
- Individual: means a natural person. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 11-302
- Injury: means accidental harm not resulting in death. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431:10C-103
- Insured: means :
(1) The person identified by name as insured in a motor vehicle insurance policy complying with section 431:10C-301; and
(2) A person residing in the same household with a named insured, specifically:
(A) A spouse or reciprocal beneficiary or other relative of a named insured; and
(B) A minor in the custody of a named insured or of a relative residing in the same household with a named insured. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431:10C-103
- Insurer: means every person holding a valid certificate of authority to engage in the business of making contracts of motor vehicle insurance in this State. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431:10C-103
- Intangible property: Property that has no intrinsic value, but is merely the evidence of value such as stock certificates, bonds, and promissory notes.
- Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
- Internal Revenue Code: means subtitle A, chapter 1, of the federal Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended as of December 31, 2018, as it applies to the determination of gross income, adjusted gross income, ordinary income and loss, and taxable income, except those provisions of the Internal Revenue Code and federal public laws which, pursuant to this chapter, do not apply or are otherwise limited in application and except for the provisions of Public Law 109-001 which apply to section 170 of the Internal Revenue Code. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 235-2.3
- Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
- Lawsuit: A legal action started by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a complaint that the defendant failed to perform a legal duty, resulting in harm to the plaintiff.
- Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
- Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
- Loan: means an advance of money, goods, or services, with a promise to repay in full or in part within a specified period of time. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 11-302
- month: means a calendar month; and the word "year" a calendar year. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 1-20
- Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
- Motor vehicle: means any vehicle of a type required to be registered under chapter 286, including a trailer attached to such a vehicle, but not including motorcycles and motor scooters. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431:10C-103
- Motor vehicle insurance policy: means an insurance policy that meets the requirements of section 431:10C-301. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431:10C-103
- National Credit Union Administration: The federal regulatory agency that charters and supervises federal credit unions. (NCUA also administers the National Credit Union Share Insurance Fund, which insures the deposits of federal credit unions.) Source: OCC
- Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
- Office: means any Hawaii elective public or constitutional office, excluding county neighborhood board and federal elective offices. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 11-302
- Operator: means any person operating a nursing facility, whether as owner or proprietor, or as lessee, sublessee, mortgagee in possession, licensee, or otherwise, or engaging or continuing in any service business that involves the actual furnishing of nursing facility services. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 346E-1
- Owner: means a person who holds the legal title to a motor vehicle; except that in the case of a motor vehicle which is the subject of a security agreement or lease with a term of not less than one year with the debtor or lessee having the right to possession, such term means the debtor or lessee. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431:10C-103
- Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
- Party: means any political party that satisfies the requirements of section 11-61. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 11-302
- Person: means an individual, a partnership, a candidate committee or noncandidate committee, a party, an association, a corporation, a business entity, an organization, or a labor union and its auxiliary committees. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 11-302
- Person: means , when appropriate to the context, not only individuals, but corporations, firms, associations, and societies. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431:10C-103
- Personal information: means an individual's first name or first initial and last name in combination with any one or more of the following data elements, when either the name or the data elements are not encrypted:
(1) Social security number;
(2) Driver's license number or Hawaii identification card number; or
(3) Account number, credit or debit card number, access code, or password that would permit access to an individual's financial account. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 487N-1
- Personal property: All property that is not real property.
- Personal vehicle: means a vehicle that is:
(1) Used by a transportation network company driver to provide a prearranged ride;
(2) Owned, leased, or otherwise authorized for use by the transportation network company driver; and
(3) Not a taxicab, limousine, or other for-hire vehicle. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431:10C-701
- Prearranged ride: means the provision of transportation by a transportation network company driver to a passenger, beginning when a transportation network company driver accepts a passenger's request for a ride through a digital network or software application service controlled by a transportation network company, continuing while the transportation network company driver transports the requesting passenger, and ending when the requesting passenger, or the last passenger from the requesting passenger's party, departs from the personal vehicle. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431:10C-701
- Qualifying contribution: means an aggregate monetary contribution of $100 or less by an individual Hawaii resident during a matching payment period that is received after a candidate files a statement of intent to seek public funds. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 11-302
- Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
- Records: means any material on which written, drawn, spoken, visual, or electromagnetic information is recorded or preserved, regardless of physical form or characteristics. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 487N-1
- Regulation: means any rule and regulation promulgated by the commissioner pursuant to chapter 91. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431:10C-103
- Sales: means all gross receipts of the taxpayer not allocated under sections 235-24 to 235-28. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 235-21
- Security breach: means an incident of unauthorized access to and acquisition of unencrypted or unredacted records or data containing personal information where illegal use of the personal information has occurred, or is reasonably likely to occur and that creates a risk of harm to a person. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 487N-1
- service animal: means any dog that is individually trained to do work or perform tasks for the benefit of an individual with a disability, including a physical, sensory, psychiatric, intellectual, or other mental disability. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 347-2.5
- Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
- State: means any state of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, any territory or possession of the United States, and any foreign country or political subdivision thereof. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 235-21
- Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
- Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
- Transportation network company: means an entity that uses a digital network or software application service to connect passengers to transportation network company drivers; provided that the entity:
(1) Does not own, control, operate, or manage the personal vehicles used by transportation network company drivers; and
(2) Is not a taxicab association or a for-hire vehicle owner. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431:10C-701
- Transportation network company driver: means an individual who operates a personal vehicle used to transport a passenger between points chosen by the passenger and prearranged through a transportation network company and that is:
(1) Owned, leased, or otherwise authorized for use by the individual;
(2) Not a taxicab or for-hire vehicle; and
(3) Used to provide prearranged rides to passengers. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431:10C-701
- Treasurer: means a person appointed under section 11-324 and unless expressly indicated otherwise, includes deputy treasurers. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 11-302
- Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
- Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
- Uninsured motor vehicle: means any of the following:
(1) A motor vehicle for which there is no bodily injury liability insurance or self-insurance applicable at the time of the accident; or
(2) An unidentified motor vehicle that causes an accident resulting in injury; provided the accident is reported to the police or proper governmental authority within thirty days or as soon as practicable thereafter. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431:10C-103
- Usury: Charging an illegally high interest rate on a loan. Source: OCC
- Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.