Sections
Part 1 General Provisions 490:2A-101 – 490:2A-109
Part 2 Formation and Construction of Lease Contract 490:2A-201 – 490:2A-221
Part 3 Effect of Lease Contract 490:2A-301 – 490:2A-311
Part 4 Performance of Lease Contract: Repudiated, Substituted, and Excused 490:2A-401 – 490:2A-407
Part 5 Default 490:2A-501 – 490:2A-532

Terms Used In Hawaii Revised Statutes > Chapter 490 > ARTICLE 2A - LEASES

  • Acquiring person: means a person who is required to deliver an information statement. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 414E-1
  • Addicted to the excessive use of intoxicating liquor: refers to one who has acquired the habit of using intoxicating liquor excessively to deprive oneself of reasonable self-control, a common drunkard, or a habitual drunkard. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 281-1
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • Aggravating character: means circumstances and behavior that increase the seriousness or outrageousness of contemptuous conduct. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 396-3
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Amortization: Paying off a loan by regular installments.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appeals board: means the Hawaii labor relations board. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 396-3
  • Appeals board: means the labor and industrial relations appeals board established by section 371-4. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 397-3
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • Beer: means any beverage obtained by the alcoholic fermentation of any infusion or decoction of barley or other grain, malt, and hops in water. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 281-1
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • Board: means the Hawaii labor relations board, provided for by sections 26-20, 89-5, and 377-2. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 377-1
  • Boiler: means a closed vessel in which water or other liquid is heated, steam or vapor is generated, steam or vapor is superheated, or any combination thereof under pressure for use external to itself, by the direct application of energy from the combustion of fuels, or from electricity or solar energy. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 397-3
  • Candidate: means an individual who seeks nomination for election or seeks election to office. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 11-302
  • Collective bargaining unit: means all of the employees of one employer (employed within the State), except that where the board has determined and certified that such employees engaged in a single craft, division, department, or plant as provided in section 377-5(b) constitute a separate bargaining unit they shall be so considered. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 377-1
  • Commercial unit: means such a unit of goods as by commercial usage is a single whole for purposes of lease and division of which materially impairs its character or value on the market or in use. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 490:2A-103
  • Commission: means the liquor commission for the county within which such commission has jurisdiction under this chapter. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 281-1
  • Commission: means the campaign spending commission. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 11-302
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Consumer lease: means a lease that a lessor regularly engaged in the business of leasing or selling makes to a lessee who is an individual and who takes under the lease primarily for a personal, family, or household purpose, if the total payments to be made under the lease contract, excluding payments for options to renew or buy, do not exceed $25,000. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 490:2A-103
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Contractor: means any person, firm, or corporation installing, repairing, or servicing and responsible for the safe operation of any boiler, pressure system, amusement ride, or elevator and kindred equipment or structure inspected pursuant to this chapter. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 397-3
  • Contribution: means :

         (1)  A gift, subscription, deposit of money or anything of value, or cancellation of a debt or legal obligation and includes the purchase of tickets to fundraisers, for the purpose of:

              (A) Influencing the nomination for election, or the election, of any person to office;

              (B) Influencing the outcome of any question or issue that has been certified to appear on the ballot at the next applicable election; or

              (C)  Use by any candidate committee or noncandidate committee for the purpose of subparagraph (A) or (B);

         (2)  The payment, by any person or party other than a candidate, candidate committee, or noncandidate committee, of compensation for the services of another person that are rendered to the candidate, candidate committee, or noncandidate committee without charge or at an unreasonably low charge for a purpose listed in paragraph (1);

         (3)  A contract, promise, or agreement to make a contribution; or

         (4)  Any loans or advances that are not documented or disclosed to the commission as provided in section 11-372;

         "Contribution" does not include:

         (1)  Services voluntarily provided without compensation by individuals to or on behalf of a candidate, candidate committee, or noncandidate committee;

         (2)  A candidate's expenditure of the candidate's own funds; provided that this expenditure shall be reportable as other receipts and expenditures;

         (3)  Any loans or advances to the candidate committee; provided that these loans or advances shall be reported as loans; or

         (4)  An individual, candidate committee, or noncandidate committee engaging in internet activities for the purpose of influencing an election if:

              (A)  The individual, candidate committee, or noncandidate committee is uncompensated for the internet activities; or

              (B)  The individual, candidate committee, or noncandidate committee uses equipment or services for uncompensated internet activities, regardless of who owns the equipment and services. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 11-302

  • Control share acquisition: means an acquisition of shares of an issuing public corporation resulting in beneficial ownership by an acquiring person of a new range of voting power specified in this chapter, but does not include an acquisition:

         (1)  Before or pursuant to an agreement entered into before July 1, 1987;

         (2)  By a donee pursuant to an inter vivos gift not made to avoid this chapter or by a distributee as defined in chapter 560;

         (3)  Pursuant to a security agreement not created to avoid this chapter;

         (4)  Pursuant to a merger or share exchange executed in accordance with applicable law, if the issuing public corporation is a party to the plan of merger or share exchange;

         (5)  From the issuing public corporation;

         (6)  That is approved by resolution of the board of directors of the issuing public corporation before the acquisition occurs; or

         (7)  That the board of directors of the issuing public corporation determines, by resolution before the acquisition occurs, is not a control share acquisition. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 414E-1

  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • county: includes the city and county of Honolulu. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 1-22
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Dealer: means , for the purpose of the section concerning explosives, any person, corporation, partnership, association, association of dealers, or other form of business enterprise engaged in the business of buying and selling explosives. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 396-3
  • Department: means the department of labor and industrial relations. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 373L-1
  • Department: means the department of labor and industrial relations. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 396-3
  • Department: means the department of labor and industrial relations. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 397-3
  • Director: means the director of labor and industrial relations. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 373L-1
  • Director: means the director of transportation. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 286-201
  • Director: means the director of labor and industrial relations or the director's designee. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 396-3
  • Director: means the director of labor and industrial relations. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 397-3
  • Director: means the director of commerce and consumer affairs. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 415A-2
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Division: means the division of occupational safety and health. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 397-3
  • Donee: The recipient of a gift.
  • Donor: The person who makes a gift.
  • Election: means any election for office or for determining a question or issue provided by law or ordinance. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 11-302
  • Elevator: means a hoisting and lowering mechanism permanently installed in a structure, designed to carry passengers or authorized personnel, equipped with a car or platform which moves in fixed guides and serves two or more fixed landings. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 397-3
  • Elevators and kindred equipment: means elevators, escalators, dumbwaiters, moving walks, stage lifts, inclined lifts, personnel hoists, permanently installed material lifts, and any other similar mechanized equipment used to convey people in places other than a public right-of-way. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 397-3
  • Employee: includes any person, other than an independent contractor, working for another for hire in the State, and shall not be limited to the employees of a particular employer unless the context clearly indicates otherwise. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 377-1
  • Employee: means every natural person who is required or directed or permitted or suffered by any employer to engage in any employment, or to go to work or be at any time in any place of employment. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 396-3
  • Employee: means a person who may be permitted, required, or directed by an employer for wages or pay to engage in any employment and who has been employed by that employer for at least one year immediately preceding the commencement of leave provided under this chapter. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 398A-1
  • Employee benefits: means all benefits, other than salary and wages, provided or made available to an employee by an employer and includes group life insurance, health insurance, disability insurance, and pensions, regardless of whether benefits are provided by a policy or practice of an employer. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 398A-1
  • Employer: means a person who engages the services of an employee, and includes any person acting on behalf of an employer, but shall not include the State or any political subdivision thereof, or any labor organization or anyone acting in behalf of such organization other than when it is acting as an employer in fact. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 377-1
  • Employer: means :

         (1)  The State and every state agency;

         (2)  Each county and all public and quasi-public corporations and public agencies therein;

         (3)  Every person which has any natural person in service;

         (4)  The legal representative of any deceased employer;

         (5)  Every person having direction, management, control, or custody of any employment, place of employment, or any employee. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 396-3

  • Employer: means any private:

         (1)  Person;

         (2)  Partnership;

         (3)  Corporation;

         (4)  Association; or

         (5)  Other business entity,

    that employs fifty or more employees. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 398A-1

  • Employment: includes the carrying on of any trade, business, occupation, or work, including all excavation, demolition, and construction work, or any process or operation in any way related thereto, in which any person is engaged to work for hire except domestic service in or about a private home. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 396-3
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Expenditure: means :

         (1)  Any purchase or transfer of money or anything of value, or promise or agreement to purchase or transfer money or anything of value, or payment incurred or made, or the use or consumption of a nonmonetary contribution for the purpose of:

              (A) Influencing the nomination for election, or the election, of any person seeking nomination for election or election to office, whether or not the person has filed the person's nomination papers;

              (B) Influencing the outcome of any question or issue that has been certified to appear on the ballot at the next applicable election; or

              (C)  Use by any party for the purposes set out in subparagraph (A) or (B);

         (2)  Any payment, by any person other than a candidate, candidate committee, or noncandidate committee, of compensation for the services of another person that are rendered to the candidate, candidate committee, or noncandidate committee for any of the purposes mentioned in paragraph (1)(A); provided that payment under this paragraph shall include provision of services without charge; or

         (3)  The expenditure by a candidate of the candidate's own funds for the purposes set out in paragraph (1)(A). See Hawaii Revised Statutes 11-302

  • Fault: means wrongful act, omission, breach, or default. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 490:2A-103
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • Finance lease: means a lease with respect to which:

              (i)  The lessor does not select, manufacture, or supply the goods;

             (ii)  The lessor acquires the goods or the right to possession and use of the goods in connection with the lease; and

            (iii)  One of the following occurs:

                   (A)  The lessee receives a copy of the contract by which the lessor acquired the goods or the right to possession and use of the goods before signing the lease contract;

                   (B)  The lessee's approval of the contract by which the lessor acquired the goods or the right to possession and use of the goods is a condition to effectiveness of the lease contract;

                   (C)  The lessee, before signing the lease contract, receives an accurate and complete statement designating the promises and warranties, and any disclaimers of warranties, limitations or modifications of remedies, or liquidated damages, including those of a third party, such as the manufacturer of the goods, provided to the lessor by the person supplying the goods in connection with or as part of the contract by which the lessor acquired the goods or the right to possession and use of the goods; or

                   (D)  If the lease is not a consumer lease, the lessor, before the lessee signs the lease contract, informs the lessee in writing (a) of the identity of the person supplying the goods to the lessor, unless the lessee has selected that person and directed the lessor to acquire the goods or the right to possession and use of the goods from that person, (b) that the lessee is entitled under this article to the promises and warranties, including those of any third party, provided to the lessor by the person supplying the goods in connection with or as part of the contract by which the lessor acquired the goods or the right to possession and use of the goods, and (c) that the lessee may communicate with the person supplying the goods to the lessor and receive an accurate and complete statement of those promises and warranties, including any disclaimers and limitations of them or of remedies. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 490:2A-103

  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Goods: means all things that are movable at the time of identification to the lease contract, or are fixtures (section 490:2A-309), but the term does not include money, documents, instruments, accounts, chattel paper, general intangibles, or minerals or the like, including oil and gas, before extraction. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 490:2A-103
  • Gross vehicle weight rating: means the value specified by the manufacturer as the loaded weight of a single vehicle. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 286-201
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • Hazardous material: means a substance or material which has been determined by the United States Secretary of Transportation to be capable of posing an unreasonable risk to health, safety, and property when transported in commerce, and which has been so designated. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 286-221
  • Hazardous materials incident: means an occurrence or likely occurrence or potential of a spill, release, leakage, dumping, or loss of control of a hazardous material during the course of transportation in commerce including loading, unloading, or temporary storage. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 286-221
  • Hazardous waste: means any material designated in Title 40, Code of Federal Regulations, Part 261 and which are subject to the hazardous waste manifest requirements of Title 40, Code of Federal Regulations, Part 262. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 286-221
  • Historic preservation: means the research, protection, restoration, rehabilitation, and interpretation of buildings, structures, objects, districts, areas, and sites, including underwater sites and burial sites, significant to the history, architecture, archaeology, or culture of this State, its communities, or the nation. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 6E-2
  • Hoisting machine: means a machine with a hoist line, sling, or hydraulic lifting mechanism used in construction, demolition, or excavation work. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 396-3
  • Infectious substance: means a viable microorganism, or its toxin, which causes or may cause disease in humans and animals, or which is further described as an infectious substance in Title 49, Code of Federal Regulations, Part 173. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 286-221
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • Installment lease contract: means a lease contract that authorizes or requires the delivery of goods in separate lots to be separately accepted, even though the lease contract contains a clause "each delivery is a separate lease" or its equivalent. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 490:2A-103
  • Inter vivos: Transfer of property from one living person to another living person.
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • intoxicating liquor: includes alcohol, brandy, whiskey, rum, gin, okolehao, sake, beer, ale, porter, and wine; and also includes, in addition to the foregoing, any spirituous, vinous, malt or fermented liquor, liquids, and compounds, whether medicated, proprietary, patented, or not, in whatever form and of whatever constituency and by whatever name called, containing one-half of one per cent or more of alcohol by volume, which are fit for use or may be used or readily converted for use for beverage purposes. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 281-1
  • Investigator: means any investigator of the commission in each case for the county wherein the commission has jurisdiction. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 281-1
  • Issuing public corporation: means a corporation incorporated in this State with at least one hundred shareholders and having its principal place of business or substantial assets located in this State. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 414E-1
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Labor dispute: includes any controversy concerning terms, tenure or conditions of employment, or concerning the association or representation of persons in negotiating, fixing, maintaining, changing, or seeking to arrange terms or conditions of employment, regardless of whether the disputants stand in the proximate relation of employer and employee. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 377-1
  • Lease: means a transfer of the right to possession and use of goods for a term in return for consideration, but a sale, including a sale on approval or a sale or return, or retention or creation of a security interest is not a lease. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 490:2A-103
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Lease agreement: means the bargain, with respect to the lease, of the lessor and the lessee in fact as found in their language or by implication from other circumstances including course of dealing or usage of trade or course of performance as provided in this article. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 490:2A-103
  • Lease contract: means the total legal obligation that results from the lease agreement as affected by this article and any other applicable rules of law. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 490:2A-103
  • Leasehold interest: means the interest of the lessor or the lessee under a lease contract. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 490:2A-103
  • Lessee: means a person who acquires the right to possession and use of goods under a lease. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 490:2A-103
  • Lessor: means a person who transfers the right to possession and use of goods under a lease. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 490:2A-103
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • License: means any license granted under this chapter. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 281-1
  • licensed premises: means the building and property that houses the establishment for which a license has been or is proposed to be issued; provided that in the case of class 12 hotel license, "premises" includes the hotel premises; provided further that in the case of a class 15 condominium hotel license, "premises" includes units, as defined in section 514B-3, that are used to provide transient lodging for periods of less than thirty days under a written contract with the owner or owners of each unit in, and common elements for access purposes as established by the declaration of condominium property regime of, the condominium hotel; and provided further that if an establishment is in a retail shopping complex the businesses of which have formed a merchants association, "premises" means the establishment. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 281-1
  • Licensee: includes also all agents, servants, and employees of the holder of a license. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 281-1
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Lien: means a charge against or interest in goods to secure payment of a debt or performance of an obligation, but the term does not include a security interest. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 490:2A-103
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • Lot: means a parcel or a single article that is the subject matter of a separate lease or delivery, whether or not it is sufficient to perform the lease contract. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 490:2A-103
  • Medical waste: means for transportation purposes, shipments of medical waste material generated in the diagnosis, treatment, or immunization of human beings and animals, in research pertaining thereto, in the production or testing of biologicals, or which are further described as regulated medical waste in Title 49, Code of Federal Regulations, Part 173. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 286-221
  • Merchant lessee: means a lessee that is a merchant with respect to goods of the kind subject to the lease. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 490:2A-103
  • Minor: means any person below the age of twenty-one years. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 281-1
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Motor carrier: as used in this part means any person who owns a motor vehicle used in, or engages in the transportation of persons or property by motor vehicle on the public highways in the furtherance of any commercial, industrial, or educational enterprise. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 286-201
  • Motor carrier vehicle: means any motor vehicle or vehicle, including integrally mounted equipment and specially constructed motorized equipment, used by a motor carrier to transport passengers or property on the public highways. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 286-201
  • National Board: means the National Board of Boiler and Pressure Vessel Inspectors. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 397-3
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • Occupational safety and health standard: means a standard which requires conditions, or the adoption or use of one or more practices, means, methods, operations, or processes, reasonably necessary or appropriate to provide safe or healthful employment and places of employment. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 396-3
  • Other entity: includes a domestic or foreign corporation, whether organized for profit or not, a domestic or foreign limited liability company, general partnership, limited partnership, or limited liability partnership. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 415A-2
  • Owner: means any person, firm, or corporation with legal title to any boiler, pressure system, amusement ride, or elevator and kindred equipment inspected pursuant to this chapter who may or may not be the user. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 397-3
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Person: means and includes natural persons, associations, copartnerships, limited liability companies, and corporations, and also includes any agent, servant, and employee of such person. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 281-1
  • Person: includes one or more individuals, partnerships, associations, corporations, legal representatives, trustees, or receivers. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 377-1
  • Person: means an individual, group, partnership, firm, association, corporation, trust, governmental agency, governmental official, administrative body, or tribunal or any form of business or legal entity. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 46-122
  • Person employed in an executive or supervisory capacity: means any employee who has the authority to hire or fire other employees or whose suggestions and recommendations as to hiring or firing and as to the advancement, promotion, or demotion of other employees will be given particular weight; but shall not mean registered nurses whose compensation is determined on an hourly basis or who are subject to supervision by any person other than the person in charge of all registered nurses at the employer's premises. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 377-1
  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • Place of employment: means any place, and the premises appurtenant thereto, where employment is carried on. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 396-3
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • Premises: shall include but not be limited to a lodging or tenement house, group residence, group living arrangement, hotel, boardinghouse, or restaurant as further defined in section 445-90, or any other like facility serving unsupervised or unrelated individuals. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 46-15.6
  • premises: includes the hotel premises; provided further that in the case of a class 15 condominium hotel license, "premises" includes units, as defined in section 514B-3, that are used to provide transient lodging for periods of less than thirty days under a written contract with the owner or owners of each unit in, and common elements for access purposes as established by the declaration of condominium property regime of, the condominium hotel; and provided further that if an establishment is in a retail shopping complex the businesses of which have formed a merchants association, "premises" means the establishment. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 281-1
  • Present value: means the amount as of a date certain of one or more sums payable in the future, discounted to the date certain. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 490:2A-103
  • Pressure piping: means piping systems specified in the American Society of Mechanical Engineers Power Piping Code B31. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 397-3
  • Pressure system: means either a pressure vessel or pressure piping as defined in this section. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 397-3
  • Pressure vessel: means a closed vessel in which pressure is obtained from an external source or by the direct application of heat from a direct or indirect source. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 397-3
  • Professional corporation: means a domestic professional corporation for profit subject to this chapter. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 415A-2
  • Professional service: means any service which lawfully may be rendered only by persons licensed under chapters 442, 448, 453, 455, 457, 459, 461, 463E, 465, 466, 471, and 605, and section 554-2. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 415A-2
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • Public nuisances: shall include but not be limited to the placement of structures, stalls, stands, furniture, and containers on streets, sidewalks, and public places where the placement of structures, stalls, stands, furniture, and containers are inconsistent with or frustrate the purpose, function, or activity for which the street, sidewalk, or public place was intended. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 46-15.6
  • Purchase: includes taking by sale, lease, mortgage, security interest, pledge, gift, or any other voluntary transaction creating an interest in goods. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 490:2A-103
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings.
  • Representative: includes any person chosen by an employee to represent the employee. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 377-1
  • Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • Serious violation: means a violation that carries with it a substantial probability that death or serious physical harm could result from a condition that exists, or from one or more practices, means, methods, operations, or processes that have been adopted or are in use, in a place of employment, unless the employer did not, and could not with the exercise of reasonable diligence, have known of the presence of the violation. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 396-3
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
  • Sublease: means a lease of goods the right to possession and use of which was acquired by the lessor as a lessee under an existing lease. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 490:2A-103
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Supplier: means a person from whom a lessor buys or leases goods to be leased under a finance lease. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 490:2A-103
  • Supply contract: means a contract under which a lessor buys or leases goods to be leased. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 490:2A-103
  • Tank vehicle: means any commercial vehicle that is designed to transport any liquid or gaseous materials within a tank or tanks having an individual rated capacity of more than one hundred nineteen gallons and an aggregate rated capacity of one thousand gallons or more that is either permanently or temporarily attached to the vehicle or the chassis. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 286-231
  • Temporary restraining order: Prohibits a person from an action that is likely to cause irreparable harm. This differs from an injunction in that it may be granted immediately, without notice to the opposing party, and without a hearing. It is intended to last only until a hearing can be held.
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Texting: means manually entering alphanumeric text into, or reading text from, an electronic device, and includes short message service; e-mailing; instant messaging; a command or request to access a world wide web page; pressing more than a single button to initiate or terminate a voice communication using a mobile telephone; and engaging in any other form of electronic text retrieval or entry, for present or future communication. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 286-231
  • to sell: includes to solicit and receive an order for; to have or keep or offer or expose for sale; to deliver for value or in any other way than purely gratuitously; to peddle; to keep with intent to sell; to traffic in; and the word "sale" includes every act of selling as herein defined. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 281-1
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Under the influence of liquor: means that the person concerned has consumed intoxicating liquor sufficient to impair at the particular time under inquiry the person's normal mental faculties or ability to care for oneself and guard against casualty, or sufficient to substantially impair at the time under inquiry that clearness of intellect and control of oneself which the person would otherwise normally possess. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 281-1
  • Unfair labor practice: means any unfair labor practice as defined in sections 377-6 to 377-8. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 377-1
  • User: means any person, firm, or corporation legally in possession and responsible for the safe operation of any boiler, pressure system, amusement ride, or elevator and kindred equipment inspected pursuant to this chapter. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 397-3
  • User fees: Fees charged to users of goods or services provided by the government. In levying or authorizing these fees, the legislature determines whether the revenue should go into the treasury or should be available to the agency providing the goods or services.
  • Vendor: means any person, firm, or corporation that sells or distributes any boiler, pressure system, amusement ride, or elevator and kindred equipment required to be inspected pursuant to this chapter. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 397-3
  • Wilful violation: means a voluntary act or omission by the employer, as distinguished from an accidental act or omission, that is done with intentional disregard of, or plain indifference to, any standard, rule, citation, or order issued under the authority of this chapter. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 396-3
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.