Sections
ARTICLE 1 GENERAL PROVISIONS 490:1-101 – 490:1-310
ARTICLE 2 SALES 490:2-101 – 490:2-725
ARTICLE 2A LEASES 490:2A-101 – 490:2A-532
ARTICLE 3 NEGOTIABLE INSTRUMENTS 490:3-101 – 490:3-605
ARTICLE 4 BANK DEPOSITS AND COLLECTIONS 490:4-101 – 490:4-504
ARTICLE 4A FUNDS TRANSFERS 490:4A-101 – 490:4A-507
ARTICLE 5 LETTERS OF CREDIT 490:5-101 – 490:5-118
ARTICLE 7 DOCUMENTS OF TITLE 490:7-101 – 490:7-702
ARTICLE 8 INVESTMENT SECURITIES 490:8-101 – 490:8-511
ARTICLE 9 SECURED TRANSACTIONS 490:9-101 – 490:9-801
ARTICLE 10 EFFECTIVE DATE AND REPEALER 490:10-101 – 490:10-103.1
ARTICLE 11 EFFECTIVE DATE AND TRANSITION 490:11-101 – 490:11-108

Terms Used In Hawaii Revised Statutes > Chapter 490

  • Access aisle: means the area that is adjacent to a parking space reserved for a person with a disability and that is to be used exclusively by that person for the purpose of entering and exiting a vehicle. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291-51
  • Account: means any deposit or credit account with a bank, including a demand, time, savings, passbook, share draft, or like account, other than an account evidenced by a certificate of deposit;

         (2)  "Afternoon" means the period of a day between noon and midnight;

         (3)  "Banking day" means the part of a day on which a bank is open to the public for carrying on substantially all of its banking functions;

         (4)  "Clearing-house" means an association of banks or other payors regularly clearing items;

         (5)  "Customer" means a person having an account with a bank or for whom a bank has agreed to collect items, including a bank that maintains an account at another bank;

         (6)  "Documentary draft" means a draft to be presented for acceptance or payment if specified documents, certificated securities (section 490:8-102) or instructions for uncertificated securities (section 490:8-102), or other certificates, statements, or the like are to be received by the drawee or other payor before acceptance or payment of the draft;

         (7)  "Draft" means a draft as defined in section 490:3-104 or an item, other than an instrument, that is an order;

         (8)  "Drawee" means a person ordered in a draft to make payment;

         (9)  "Item" means an instrument or a promise or order to pay money handled by a bank for collection or payment. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 490:4-104

  • Acquiring person: means a person who is required to deliver an information statement. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 414E-1
  • Addicted to the excessive use of intoxicating liquor: refers to one who has acquired the habit of using intoxicating liquor excessively to deprive oneself of reasonable self-control, a common drunkard, or a habitual drunkard. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 281-1
  • Additional unemployment benefits: means the unemployment compensation benefits payable under this chapter. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 385-2
  • Adjourn: A motion to adjourn a legislative chamber or a committee, if passed, ends that day's session.
  • Adjournment sine die: The end of a legislative session "without day." These adjournments are used to indicate the final adjournment of an annual or the two-year session of legislature.
  • Adjustment rate: means a percentage rate or rates of adjustment of the assessment base determined by the director of finance at the time the tax increment district is established, based on the historical and projected increases to the assessed values of taxable real property within the boundary of the tax increment district and the projected cost increases to the county for servicing the new developments within the tax increment district. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 46-102
  • Adult entertainment: means an activity to which a minor would not be able to legally gain admittance and shall include but not be limited to:

         (1)  Performing of exotic entertainment;

         (2)  Nude, exotic, or lap dancing;

         (3)  Showing of film, video, still picture, electronic reproduction, or other visual reproduction depicting:

              (A)  Acts or simulated acts of sexual intercourse, masturbation, sodomy, bestiality, oral copulation, flagellation, or any sexual acts that are prohibited by law;

              (B)  Any person being touched, caressed, or fondled on the breast, buttocks, anus, or genitalia;

              (C)  Scenes wherein a person displays the anus or genitalia; or

              (D)  Scenes wherein artificial devices or inanimate objects are employed to depict, or drawings are employed to portray, any of the prohibited activities described above. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 390-1

  • Advanced practice registered nurse: means a person licensed pursuant to chapter 457. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431M-1
  • Adviser: means a person who, at the request of the issuer, a confirmer, or another adviser, notifies or requests another adviser to notify the beneficiary that a letter of credit has been issued, confirmed, or amended. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 490:5-102
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • agency: means an agency defined in section 53-1 or the Hawaii community development authority as established pursuant to chapter 206E. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 46-102
  • Aggravating character: means circumstances and behavior that increase the seriousness or outrageousness of contemptuous conduct. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 396-3
  • Agricultural products: includes floricultural, horticultural, viticultural, forestry, nut, coffee, dairy, livestock, poultry, bee, farm or plantation products, and fish and aquacultural commodities. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 421-1
  • Agriculture: means agriculture as defined in section 3(f) of the Federal Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938, or as the same may be amended from time to time. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 387-1
  • Alcohol: means the product of distillation of any fermented liquid, whether rectified or not, whatever may be the origin thereof, and includes synthetic ethyl alcohol, but not denatured or other alcohol which is considered nonpotable under the customs laws of the United States. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 281-1
  • Alcohol dependence: means any use of alcohol which produces a pattern of pathological use causing impairment in social or occupational functioning or produces physiological dependency evidenced by physical tolerance or withdrawal. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431M-1
  • Alcohol or drug dependence outpatient services: means alcohol or drug dependence nonresidential treatment provided on an ambulatory basis to patients with alcohol or drug dependence problems that includes interventions prescribed and performed by qualified physicians, psychologists, licensed clinical social workers, licensed marriage and family therapists, licensed mental health [counselors], or advanced practice registered nurses. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431M-1
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • Alley: means a street or highway intended to provide access to the rear or side of lots or buildings and not intended for the purpose of through vehicular traffic. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291C-1
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Amortization: Paying off a loan by regular installments.
  • Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appeals board: means the Hawaii labor relations board. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 396-3
  • Appeals board: means the labor and industrial relations appeals board established by section 371-4. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 397-3
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Applicant: means a person at whose request or for whose account a letter of credit is issued. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 490:5-102
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Articles: means the articles of incorporation. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 421-1
  • Assessment base: means the total assessed values of all taxable real property in a tax increment district as most recently certified by the director of finance on the date of creation of the tax increment district. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 46-102
  • Assessment increment: means the amount by which the current assessed values of taxable real property located within the boundaries of a tax increment district exceeds its assessment base. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 46-102
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Association: means any corporation organized under this chapter for the mutual benefit of its members, as agricultural producers, and which confines its operations to purposes authorized by this chapter and restricts the return on the stock or membership capital and the amount of its business with nonmembers to the limits placed thereon by this chapter for associations organized hereunder; provided that any fish marketing association organized pursuant to chapter 422 and in existence on May 7, 1991, shall be considered an association for purposes of this chapter. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 421-1
  • Association: means a nonprofit, incorporated, or unincorporated organization:

         (1)  Upon which responsibilities are imposed and to which authority is granted in a declaration that governs a planned community;

         (2)  That is a planned community association as defined under section 607-14; or

         (3)  That is a homeowners' association, in which:

              (A)  The voting membership is made up of ten or more parcel owners or their proxies, or a combination thereof; and

              (B)  Assessments may be imposed that, if unpaid, may become a lien on the parcel. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 421J-2

  • Association documents: means the articles of incorporation or other document creating the association, if any, the bylaws of the association, the declaration or similar organizational documents and any exhibits thereto, any rules related to use of common areas, architectural control, maintenance of units, restrictions on the use of units, or payment of money as a regular assessment or otherwise in connection with the provisions, maintenance, or services for the benefit of some or all of the units, the owners, or occupants of the units or the common areas, as well as any amendments made to the foregoing documents. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 421J-2
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Attorney-in-fact: A person who, acting as an agent, is given written authorization by another person to transact business for him (her) out of court.
  • Authorized emergency vehicle: includes fire department vehicles, police vehicles, ambulances, ocean safety vehicles, public safety law enforcement vehicles, conservation and resources enforcement vehicles, and department of transportation division of harbors law enforcement vehicles authorized and approved pursuant to section 291-31. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291C-1
  • Aviation artifact: means airplanes, fallen aircraft, crash sites, or any objects or materials associated with the history of aerospace in Hawaii which are over fifty years old, or determined to be of exceptional historic significance by the department. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 6E-2
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • Bailee: means a person that by a warehouse receipt, bill of lading, or other document of title acknowledges possession of goods and contracts to deliver them. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 490:7-102
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Beer: means any beverage obtained by the alcoholic fermentation of any infusion or decoction of barley or other grain, malt, and hops in water. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 281-1
  • Beneficial owner: includes , but is not limited to, any person who directly or indirectly through any contract, arrangement, understanding, relationship, or otherwise has or shares the power to vote or direct the voting of a security or the power to dispose of, or direct the disposition of, the security. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 417E-1
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • Beneficiary: means a person who under the terms of a letter of credit is entitled to have its complying presentation honored. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 490:5-102
  • beneficiary: means a person who is a member, subscriber, enrollee, or dependent of a member, subscriber, or enrollee of or otherwise covered under a prescription drug benefit plan. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431R-1
  • Benefit director: means the director designated as the benefit director of a sustainable business corporation under section 420D-7. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 420D-2
  • Benefit officer: means the individual designated as the benefit officer of a sustainable business corporation under section 420D-9. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 420D-2
  • Benefit year: refers to "benefit year" as that term is defined in section 383-1. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 385-2
  • Bequest: Property gifted by will.
  • Bicycle: means :

         (1)  A vehicle propelled solely by human power upon which any person may ride, having two tandem wheels, and including any vehicle generally recognized as a bicycle though equipped with two front or two rear wheels except a toy bicycle; or

         (2)  A low-speed electric bicycle, as defined under title 15 United States Code section 2085. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291C-1

  • Bicycle lane: means that portion of any highway which has been set aside for the preferential or exclusive use of bicycles. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291C-1
  • Bicycle path: means any facility set aside for the preferential or exclusive use of bicycles and physically separated from a highway. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291C-1
  • Bicycle route: means any highway that is designated to be shared by bicycles and pedestrians or motor vehicles, or both. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291C-1
  • Bikeway: means a bicycle lane, bicycle path, or bicycle route, or any traffic control device, shelter, parking facility, or other support facility to serve bicycles and persons using bicycles. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291C-1
  • Board: means the Hawaii labor relations board, provided for by sections 26-20, 89-5, and 377-2. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 377-1
  • Board: means the fund's board of directors. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 386A-1
  • Board: means the board of directors. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 421-1
  • board: means the executive board or other body, regardless of name, designated in the association documents to act on behalf of the association. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 421J-2
  • board: means a board established by county charter, within a county, that shall have the jurisdiction to hear and determine complaints or violations of liquor laws and to impose penalties as may be provided in this chapter. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 281-1
  • board: means the governing body of the risk retention group elected by the shareholders or members to establish policy, elect or appoint officers and committees, and make other governing decisions. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431K-1
  • Bodily injury: means physical pain, illness, or any impairment of physical condition. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291C-1
  • Boiler: means a closed vessel in which water or other liquid is heated, steam or vapor is generated, steam or vapor is superheated, or any combination thereof under pressure for use external to itself, by the direct application of energy from the combustion of fuels, or from electricity or solar energy. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 397-3
  • Broker-dealer: means a "broker-dealer" as defined in section 485A-102. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 417E-1
  • Burial good: means any item reasonably believed to have been intentionally placed with the human skeletal remains of an individual or individuals at the time of burial. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 6E-2
  • Burial site: means any specific unmarked location where prehistoric or historic human skeletal remains and their associated burial goods are interred, and its immediate surrounding archaeological context, deemed a unique class of historic property and not otherwise included in section 6E-41. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 6E-2
  • Bus: means every motor vehicle designed for carrying more than ten passengers and used for the transportation of persons; and every motor vehicle, other than a school bus or a taxicab, designed and used for the transportation of persons for compensation. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291C-1
  • Business district: means the territory contiguous to and including a highway when within any six hundred feet along such highway there are buildings in use for business or industrial purposes, including but not limited to hotels, banks, or office buildings, and public buildings which occupy at least three hundred feet of frontage on one side or three hundred feet collectively on both sides of the highway. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291C-1
  • Buyer: means a person who buys or contracts to buy goods. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 490:2-103
  • Candidate: means an individual who seeks nomination for election or seeks election to office. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 11-302
  • Carrier: means a person that issues a bill of lading. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 490:7-102
  • Casual basis: means employment that is:

         (1)  Irregular or intermittent; and

         (2)  Performed for a family or household who directly employs the individual providing the services. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 387-1

  • Certificate of disability: means a medical statement issued by a licensed practicing physician or advanced practice registered nurse which verifies that a person is disabled, limited, or impaired in the ability to walk. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291-51
  • Certified substance abuse counselor: means a person who is certified pursuant to section 321-193. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431M-1
  • Chambers: A judge's office.
  • Claimant: means an individual:

         (1)  Who has an unexpired benefit year and has exhausted normal benefits;

         (2)  Whose benefit year expired, or whose normal benefits were exhausted, within a period of twenty-six consecutive weeks immediately preceding the week in which the proclamation provided for in section 385-1 became effective;

         (3)  Who was employed during the week in which the governor's proclamation pursuant to section 385-1 became effective, but who became unemployed and whose total earned wages are insufficient for normal benefits; or

         (4)  Whose unemployment was proximately caused by the disaster identified by the governor in the proclamation provided for in section 385-1 and was self-employed during the week in which the disaster occurred. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 385-2

  • Client company: means any person that enters into a professional employer agreement with a professional employer organization and has covered employees. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 373L-1
  • Closing: means the permanent shutting down of all operations within a covered establishment due to the sale, transfer, merger, other business takeover or transaction of business interests, bankruptcy, or other close of business transaction that results in or may result in the layoff or termination of employees of a covered establishment by the employer. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 394B-2
  • Collective bargaining unit: means all of the employees of one employer (employed within the State), except that where the board has determined and certified that such employees engaged in a single craft, division, department, or plant as provided in section 377-5(b) constitute a separate bargaining unit they shall be so considered. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 377-1
  • Commercial unit: means such a unit of goods as by commercial usage is a single whole for purposes of lease and division of which materially impairs its character or value on the market or in use. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 490:2A-103
  • Commission: means the campaign spending commission. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 11-302
  • Commission: means the liquor commission for the county within which such commission has jurisdiction under this chapter. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 281-1
  • Commissioner: means the insurance commissioner. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 432C-1
  • Commissioner: means the commissioner of securities as provided for in chapter 485A. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 417E-1
  • Commissioner: means the insurance commissioner of this State. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431K-1
  • Common area: means real property within a planned community which is owned or leased by the association or is otherwise available for the use of its members or designated as common area in or pursuant to the declaration. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 421J-2
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Community development plan: means a plan established pursuant to section 206E-5. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 46-102
  • Companionship services for the aged or infirm: means those services that provide fellowship, care, and protection for an individual who, because of advanced age or physical or mental infirmity, cannot care for the individual's own needs. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 387-1
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Completed operations liability: means liability arising out of the installation, maintenance, or repair of any product at a site which is not owned or controlled by any person who:

         (1)  Performs that work; or

         (2)  Hires an independent contractor to perform that work; but shall include liability for activities which are completed or abandoned before the date of the occurrence giving rise to the liability. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431K-1

  • Concurrent resolution: A legislative measure, designated "S. Con. Res." and numbered consecutively upon introduction, generally employed to address the sentiments of both chambers, to deal with issues or matters affecting both houses, such as a concurrent budget resolution, or to create a temporary joint committee. Concurrent resolutions are not submitted to the President/Governor and thus do not have the force of law.
  • Confirmer: means a nominated person who undertakes, at the request or with the consent of the issuer, to honor a presentation under a letter of credit issued by another. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 490:5-102
  • Consignee: means a person named in a bill of lading to which or to whose order the bill promises delivery. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 490:7-102
  • Consignor: means a person named in a bill of lading as the person from which the goods have been received for shipment. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 490:7-102
  • Consumer lease: means a lease that a lessor regularly engaged in the business of leasing or selling makes to a lessee who is an individual and who takes under the lease primarily for a personal, family, or household purpose, if the total payments to be made under the lease contract, excluding payments for options to renew or buy, do not exceed $25,000. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 490:2A-103
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Contract for sale: includes both a present sale of goods and a contract to sell goods at a future time. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 490:2-106
  • Contractor: means any person, firm, or corporation installing, repairing, or servicing and responsible for the safe operation of any boiler, pressure system, amusement ride, or elevator and kindred equipment or structure inspected pursuant to this chapter. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 397-3
  • Contribution: means :

         (1)  A gift, subscription, deposit of money or anything of value, or cancellation of a debt or legal obligation and includes the purchase of tickets to fundraisers, for the purpose of:

              (A)  Influencing the nomination for election, or the election, of any person to office;

              (B)  Influencing the outcome of any question or issue that has been certified to appear on the ballot at the next applicable election; or

              (C)  Use by any candidate committee or noncandidate committee for the purpose of subparagraph (A) or (B);

         (2)  The payment, by any person or party other than a candidate, candidate committee, or noncandidate committee, of compensation for the services of another person that are rendered to the candidate, candidate committee, or noncandidate committee without charge or at an unreasonably low charge for a purpose listed in paragraph (1);

         (3)  A contract, promise, or agreement to make a contribution; or

         (4)  Any loans or advances that are not documented or disclosed to the commission as provided in section 11-372;

         "Contribution" does not include:

         (1)  Services voluntarily provided without compensation by individuals to or on behalf of a candidate, candidate committee, or noncandidate committee;

         (2)  A candidate's expenditure of the candidate's own funds; provided that this expenditure shall be reportable as other receipts and expenditures;

         (3)  Any loans or advances to the candidate committee; provided that these loans or advances shall be reported as loans; or

         (4)  An individual, candidate committee, or noncandidate committee engaging in internet activities for the purpose of influencing an election if:

              (A)  The individual, candidate committee, or noncandidate committee is uncompensated for the internet activities; or

              (B)  The individual, candidate committee, or noncandidate committee uses equipment or services for uncompensated internet activities, regardless of who owns the equipment and services. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 11-302

  • Control share acquisition: means an acquisition of shares of an issuing public corporation resulting in beneficial ownership by an acquiring person of a new range of voting power specified in this chapter, but does not include an acquisition:

         (1)  Before or pursuant to an agreement entered into before July 1, 1987;

         (2)  By a donee pursuant to an inter vivos gift not made to avoid this chapter or by a distributee as defined in chapter 560;

         (3)  Pursuant to a security agreement not created to avoid this chapter;

         (4)  Pursuant to a merger or share exchange executed in accordance with applicable law, if the issuing public corporation is a party to the plan of merger or share exchange;

         (5)  From the issuing public corporation;

         (6)  That is approved by resolution of the board of directors of the issuing public corporation before the acquisition occurs; or

         (7)  That the board of directors of the issuing public corporation determines, by resolution before the acquisition occurs, is not a control share acquisition. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 414E-1

  • Controlled-access highway: means every highway, street, or roadway in respect to which owners or occupants of abutting lands and other persons have no legal right of access to or from the same except at such points only and in such manner as may be determined by the public authority having jurisdiction over such highway, street, or roadway. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291C-1
  • Conversion: means the transfer or sale of a significant amount of a nonprofit entity's assets to a for-profit entity or through any other means as determined by the commissioner. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 432C-1
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Corporate equity: means the excess of the current fair market value of the corporation's assets, including its real property, over the sum of the current transfer values of all shares or membership interests, reduced by the principal balance of outstanding encumbrances upon the corporate real property as a whole. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 421H-1
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • corporation: means a cooperative housing corporation that:

         (1)  Has one and only one class of stock outstanding;

         (2)  Allows each tenant shareholder to occupy a dwelling unit for dwelling purposes solely by reason of the tenant shareholder's ownership of stock in the corporation;

         (3)  Does not allow a shareholder to receive, either conditionally or unconditionally, any distributions from the corporation except when there is a complete or partial liquidation of the corporation; provided that this paragraph does not apply to earnings and profits of the corporation; and

         (4)  Has eighty per cent or more of the gross income for the taxable year in which taxes are paid or incurred pursuant to 26 United States Code section 216(A) derived from tenant shareholders. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 421I-1

  • Council: means the council of the county in which a tax increment district is situated. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 46-102
  • Counterclaim: A claim that a defendant makes against a plaintiff.
  • county: includes the city and county of Honolulu. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 1-22
  • County: means the county in respect of which each commission has jurisdiction under this chapter; provided that in the county of Kalawao liquor may be sold only by such persons and only under such conditions as may be permitted or prescribed from time to time by the department of health. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 281-1
  • County executive agency: means any department, office, board, or commission of a county. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 46-122
  • County legislative body: means the city council or county council of a county. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 46-122
  • Covered employee: means an individual who performs services for a client company pursuant to a professional employer agreement. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 373L-1
  • Covered establishment: means any industrial, commercial, or other business entity that employs at any time in the preceding twelve-month period, fifty or more persons. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 394B-2
  • Crosswalk: means :

         (1)  That part of a roadway at an intersection included within the connections of the lateral lines of the sidewalks on opposite sides of the highway measured from the curbs or, in the absence of curbs, from the edges of the traversable roadway; or

         (2)  Any portion of a roadway at an intersection or elsewhere distinctly indicated for pedestrian crossing by lines or other markings on the surface. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291C-1

  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Day treatment services: means treatment services provided by a hospital, mental health outpatient facility, or nonhospital facility to patients who, because of their conditions, require more than periodic hourly service. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431M-1
  • Dealer: means , for the purpose of the section concerning explosives, any person, corporation, partnership, association, association of dealers, or other form of business enterprise engaged in the business of buying and selling explosives. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 396-3
  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Declaration: means any recorded association document, however denominated, that imposes obligations on the owners of the units with respect to maintenance or operational responsibilities for the common area, architectural control, maintenance of units, or restrictions on the use of units. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 421J-2
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Delivery order: means a record that contains an order to deliver goods directed to a warehouse, carrier, or other person that in the ordinary course of business issues warehouse receipts or bills of lading. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 490:7-102
  • Department: means the department of labor and industrial relations. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 373L-1
  • Department: means the department of labor and industrial relations. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 387-1
  • Department: means the department of labor and industrial relations. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 390-1
  • Department: means the department of labor and industrial relations. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 394B-2
  • Department: means the department of labor and industrial relations. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 396-3
  • Department: means the department of labor and industrial relations. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 397-3
  • Department: means the department of land and natural resources. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 6E-2
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Detoxification services: means the process whereby a person intoxicated by alcohol, drugs, or both, or a person who is dependent upon alcohol, drugs, or both, is assisted through the period of time necessary to eliminate, by metabolic or other means, the intoxicating alcohol or drug dependency factors, as determined by a physician or advanced practice registered nurse, while keeping the physiological risk to the person at a minimum. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431M-1
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • Director: means the director of labor and industrial relations. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 373L-1
  • Director: means the director of labor and industrial relations. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 381-1
  • Director: means the director of labor and industrial relations of the State. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 385-2
  • Director: means the director of labor and industrial relations. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 387-1
  • Director: means the director of labor and industrial relations. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 390-1
  • Director: means the director of transportation. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 286-201
  • Director: means the director of labor and industrial relations. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 394B-2
  • Director: means the director of labor and industrial relations or the director's designee. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 396-3
  • Director: means the director of labor and industrial relations. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 397-3
  • Director: means the director of commerce and consumer affairs. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 415A-2
  • Director: means a natural person designated in the articles of the risk retention group or designated, elected, or appointed by any other manner, name, or title to act as a director. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431K-1
  • Director of finance: means the officer or officers of the county charged with the responsibility of administering the real property taxation function of the county. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 46-102
  • Disability parking permit: means a removable windshield placard, special license plate, temporary removable windshield placard, or disabled paid parking exemption permit. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291-51
  • Disabled paid parking exemption permit: means a permit to be displayed on a dashboard or contained elsewhere on the vehicle, a code, or a two-sided, hanger style placard that indicates that the individual to whom the permit, code, or placard is issued pursuant to this part is licensed to drive a motor vehicle and not able to reach or operate a parking meter or unattended pay station because of a physical disability. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291-51
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Dislocated worker: means an individual who:

         (1)  Has been terminated or laid off or who has received a notice of termination or layoff from employment, is eligible for or has exhausted entitlement to unemployment compensation, and is unlikely to return to the person's previous industry or occupation;

         (2)  Has been terminated or who has received a notice of termination of employment, as a result of any permanent closure of a business, partial closings, and relocation as defined in this section; or

         (3)  Is a long-term unemployed and has limited opportunities for employment or reemployment in the same or a similar occupation in the area in which the individual resides, including any older individual who may have substantial barriers to employment by reason of age. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 394B-2

  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Disqualification: means any of the following three actions:

         (1)  The suspension, revocation, or cancellation of a commercial driver's license by the state or jurisdiction of issuance;

         (2)  Any withdrawal of a person's privileges to drive a commercial motor vehicle by a state or other jurisdiction as the result of a violation of state or local law relating to motor vehicle traffic control (other than parking, vehicle weight, or vehicle defect violations); or

         (3)  A determination by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration that a person is not qualified to operate a commercial motor vehicle under title 49, Code of Federal Regulations Part 391. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 286-231

  • Disqualified person: means any natural person, corporation, partnership, fiduciary, trust, association, government agency, or other entity which for any reason is or becomes ineligible under this chapter to own shares issued by a professional corporation. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 415A-2
  • district: means a contiguous or noncontiguous geographic area designated pursuant to section 46-103 by the county council for the purpose of tax increment financing. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 46-102
  • Divestiture: means the transfer of any covered establishment from one employer to another because of the sale, transfer, merger, bankruptcy, or other business takeover or transaction of business interests that causes the covered establishment's employees to become dislocated workers. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 394B-2
  • Division: means the division of occupational safety and health. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 397-3
  • Document: means a draft or other demand, document of title, investment security, certificate, invoice, or other record, statement, or representation of fact, law, right, or opinion (i) which is presented in a written or other medium permitted by the letter of credit or, unless prohibited by the letter of credit, by the standard practice referred to in section 490:5-108(e), and (ii) which is capable of being examined for compliance with the terms and conditions of the letter of credit. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 490:5-102
  • Domestic service: means services of a household nature performed by an employee in or about a private home (permanent or temporary) of the person by whom he or she is employed. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 387-1
  • Donee: The recipient of a gift.
  • Donor: The person who makes a gift.
  • Driver: means every person who drives or is in actual physical control of a vehicle. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291C-1
  • Drug dependence: means any pattern of pathological use of drugs causing impairment in social or occupational functioning and producing psychological or physiological dependency or both, evidenced by physical tolerance or withdrawal. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431M-1
  • Election: means a proceeding in which the employees in a collective bargaining unit cast a secret ballot for collective bargaining representatives or for any other purpose specified in this chapter and shall include elections conducted by the board, or, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise, by any tribunal having competent jurisdiction or whose jurisdiction was accepted by the parties. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 377-1
  • Election: means any election for office or for determining a question or issue provided by law or ordinance. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 11-302
  • Electric personal assistive mobility device: means a self-balancing, two-wheeled, non-tandem-wheeled device, designed to transport only one person, using an electric propulsion system that limits the maximum speed of the device to twelve and a half miles per hour or less. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291C-1
  • Elevator: means a hoisting and lowering mechanism permanently installed in a structure, designed to carry passengers or authorized personnel, equipped with a car or platform which moves in fixed guides and serves two or more fixed landings. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 397-3
  • Elevators and kindred equipment: means elevators, escalators, dumbwaiters, moving walks, stage lifts, inclined lifts, personnel hoists, permanently installed material lifts, and any other similar mechanized equipment used to convey people in places other than a public right-of-way. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 397-3
  • Employ: includes to permit or suffer to work. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 387-1
  • Employee: includes any person, other than an independent contractor, working for another for hire in the State, and shall not be limited to the employees of a particular employer unless the context clearly indicates otherwise. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 377-1
  • Employee: means any person, whether or not a member of a labor organization, in the employ of a public utility and whose duties pertain or relate to the public utility service in which the public utility is engaged. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 381-1
  • Employee: means any person employed by an employer. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 382-1
  • Employee: includes any individual employed by an employer, but shall not include any individual employed:

         (1)  At a guaranteed compensation totaling $2,000 or more a month, whether paid weekly, biweekly, or monthly;

         (2)  In agriculture for any workweek in which the employer of the individual employs less than twenty employees or in agriculture for any workweek in which the individual is engaged in coffee harvesting;

         (3)  In or about the home of the individual's employer:

              (A)  In domestic service on a casual basis; or

              (B)  Providing companionship services for the aged or infirm;

         (4)  As a house parent in or about any home or shelter maintained for child welfare purposes by a charitable organization exempt from income tax under section 501 of the federal Internal Revenue Code;

         (5)  By the individual's brother, sister, brother-in-law, sister-in-law, son, daughter, spouse, parent, or parent-in-law;

         (6)  In a bona fide executive, administrative, supervisory, or professional capacity or in the capacity of outside salesperson or as an outside collector;

         (7)  In the propagating, catching, taking, harvesting, cultivating, or farming of any kind of fish, shellfish, crustacean, sponge, seaweed, or other aquatic forms of animal or vegetable life, including the going to and returning from work and the loading and unloading of such products prior to first processing;

         (8)  On a ship or vessel and who has a Merchant Mariners Document issued by the United States Coast Guard;

         (9)  As a driver of a vehicle carrying passengers for hire operated solely on call from a fixed stand;

        (10)  As a golf caddy;

        (11)  By a nonprofit school during the time such individual is a student attending such school;

        (12)  In any capacity if by reason of the employee's employment in such capacity and during the term thereof the minimum wage which may be paid the employee or maximum hours which the employee may work during any workweek without the payment of overtime, are prescribed by the federal Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938, as amended, or as the same may be further amended from time to time; provided that if the minimum wage which may be paid the employee under the Fair Labor Standards Act for any workweek is less than the minimum wage prescribed by section 387-2, then section 387-2 shall apply in respect to the employees for such workweek; provided further that if the maximum workweek established for the employee under the Fair Labor Standards Act for the purposes of overtime compensation is higher than the maximum workweek established under section 387-3, then section 387-3 shall apply in respect to such employee for such workweek; except that the employee's regular rate in such an event shall be the employee's regular rate as determined under the Fair Labor Standards Act;

        (13)  As a seasonal youth camp staff member in a resident situation in a youth camp sponsored by charitable, religious, or nonprofit organizations exempt from income tax under section 501 of the federal Internal Revenue Code or in a youth camp accredited by the American Camping Association; or

        (14)  As an automobile salesperson primarily engaged in the selling of automobiles or trucks if employed by an automobile or truck dealer licensed under chapter 437. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 387-1

  • Employee: means any individual engaged in service to an employer. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 394B-2
  • Employee: means every natural person who is required or directed or permitted or suffered by any employer to engage in any employment, or to go to work or be at any time in any place of employment. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 396-3
  • Employee: means a person who may be permitted, required, or directed by an employer for wages or pay to engage in any employment and who has been employed by that employer for at least one year immediately preceding the commencement of leave provided under this chapter. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 398A-1
  • Employee benefits: means all benefits, other than salary and wages, provided or made available to an employee by an employer and includes group life insurance, health insurance, disability insurance, and pensions, regardless of whether benefits are provided by a policy or practice of an employer. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 398A-1
  • Employer: means a person who engages the services of an employee, and includes any person acting on behalf of an employer, but shall not include the State or any political subdivision thereof, or any labor organization or anyone acting in behalf of such organization other than when it is acting as an employer in fact. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 377-1
  • Employer: means any person who employs the services of employees in the stevedoring industry, but shall not include the State or any agency thereof. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 382-1
  • Employer: includes any individual, partnership, association, corporation, business trust, legal representative, or any organized group of persons, acting directly or indirectly in the interest of an employer in relation to an employee, but shall not include the State or any political subdivision thereof or the United States. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 387-1
  • Employer: includes any individual, partnership, association, joint stock company, trust, corporation, the personal representative of the estate of a deceased individual or the receiver, trustee, or successor of any of the same, employing any person, but shall not include the State or any political subdivision thereof or the United States. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 390-1
  • Employer: means any individual or entity that, directly or indirectly, owns, operates, or has a controlling interest in a covered establishment, excluding the State or any political subdivision thereof. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 394B-2
  • Employer: means any person, including the United States, a state or a political subdivision of a state, who owns or leases a commercial motor vehicle or assigns a person to drive a commercial motor vehicle. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 286-231
  • Employer: means :

         (1)  The State and every state agency;

         (2)  Each county and all public and quasi-public corporations and public agencies therein;

         (3)  Every person which has any natural person in service;

         (4)  The legal representative of any deceased employer;

         (5)  Every person having direction, management, control, or custody of any employment, place of employment, or any employee. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 396-3

  • Employer: means any private:

         (1)  Person;

         (2)  Partnership;

         (3)  Corporation;

         (4)  Association; or

         (5)  Other business entity,

    that employs fifty or more employees. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 398A-1

  • Employment: includes the carrying on of any trade, business, occupation, or work, including all excavation, demolition, and construction work, or any process or operation in any way related thereto, in which any person is engaged to work for hire except domestic service in or about a private home. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 396-3
  • Employment agency: means any individual, partnership, corporation, or association engaged in the business of providing employment information, procuring employment for applicants, or procuring employees for placement with employers upon request, for a fee or other valuable thing, exacted, charged, or received, but shall not include the United States or the State or instrumentalities thereof. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 373-1
  • Endorsement: means an authorization on an individual's commercial driver's license or commercial learner's permit required to permit the individual to operate certain types of commercial motor vehicles. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 286-231
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • Entity: includes domestic and foreign corporations, domestic professional corporations, domestic and foreign limited liability companies, domestic and foreign nonprofit corporations, domestic and foreign business trusts, estates, domestic and foreign partnerships, domestic and foreign limited partnerships, domestic and foreign limited liability partnerships, trusts, two or more persons having joint or common economic interest, associations and cooperative associations, and state, federal, and foreign governments. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 421-1
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Equity security: means any stock or similar security; or any security convertible, with or without consideration, into such a security; or carrying any warrant or right to subscribe to or purchase such a security; or any such warrant or right; or any other security which the commissioner deems to be of similar nature and considers necessary or appropriate, by such rules as the commissioner may prescribe in the public interest and for the protection of investors, to treat as an equity security. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 417E-1
  • Escheat: Reversion of real or personal property to the state when 1) a person dies without leaving a will and has no heirs, or 2) when the property (such as a bank account) has been inactive for a certain period of time. Source: OCC
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • establishment: means a single physical location where the selling of liquor takes place. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 281-1
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Executive session: A portion of the Senate's daily session in which it considers executive business.
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • Expenditure: means :

         (1)  Any purchase or transfer of money or anything of value, or promise or agreement to purchase or transfer money or anything of value, or payment incurred or made, or the use or consumption of a nonmonetary contribution for the purpose of:

              (A)  Influencing the nomination for election, or the election, of any person seeking nomination for election or election to office, whether or not the person has filed the person's nomination papers;

              (B)  Influencing the outcome of any question or issue that has been certified to appear on the ballot at the next applicable election; or

              (C)  Use by any party for the purposes set out in subparagraph (A) or (B);

         (2)  Any payment, by any person other than a candidate, candidate committee, or noncandidate committee, of compensation for the services of another person that are rendered to the candidate, candidate committee, or noncandidate committee for any of the purposes mentioned in paragraph (1)(A); provided that payment under this paragraph shall include provision of services without charge; or

         (3)  The expenditure by a candidate of the candidate's own funds for the purposes set out in paragraph (1)(A). See Hawaii Revised Statutes 11-302

  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • Fatality: means the death of a person as a result of a motor vehicle accident. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 286-231
  • Fault: means wrongful act, omission, breach, or default. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 490:2A-103
  • feasibility study: means an analysis which presents the expected activities and results of a risk retention group including, not less than the following:

         (1)  The coverages, deductibles, coverage limits, rates, and rating classification systems for each line of insurance the group intends to offer;

         (2)  Historical and expected loss experience of the proposed members and national experience of similar exposures to the extent that this experience is reasonably available;

         (3)  Pro forma financial statements and projections;

         (4)  Appropriate opinions by a qualified, independent casualty actuary, including a determination of minimum premiums or participation levels required to commence operations and to prevent a hazardous financial condition;

         (5)  Identification of management, underwriting procedures, managerial oversight methods, investment policies;

         (6)  Identification of each state in which the risk retention group has obtained, or sought to obtain, a charter and license, and a description of its status in each state; and

         (7)  Other matters as may be prescribed by the commissioner for liability insurance companies authorized by the insurance laws of the state in which the risk retention group is chartered. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431K-1

  • Federal Reserve System: The central bank of the United States. The Fed, as it is commonly called, regulates the U.S. monetary and financial system. The Federal Reserve System is composed of a central governmental agency in Washington, D.C. (the Board of Governors) and twelve regional Federal Reserve Banks in major cities throughout the United States. Source: OCC
  • Fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it.
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • Finance lease: means a lease with respect to which:

              (i)  The lessor does not select, manufacture, or supply the goods;

             (ii)  The lessor acquires the goods or the right to possession and use of the goods in connection with the lease; and

            (iii)  One of the following occurs:

                   (A)  The lessee receives a copy of the contract by which the lessor acquired the goods or the right to possession and use of the goods before signing the lease contract;

                   (B)  The lessee's approval of the contract by which the lessor acquired the goods or the right to possession and use of the goods is a condition to effectiveness of the lease contract;

                   (C)  The lessee, before signing the lease contract, receives an accurate and complete statement designating the promises and warranties, and any disclaimers of warranties, limitations or modifications of remedies, or liquidated damages, including those of a third party, such as the manufacturer of the goods, provided to the lessor by the person supplying the goods in connection with or as part of the contract by which the lessor acquired the goods or the right to possession and use of the goods; or

                   (D)  If the lease is not a consumer lease, the lessor, before the lessee signs the lease contract, informs the lessee in writing (a) of the identity of the person supplying the goods to the lessor, unless the lessee has selected that person and directed the lessor to acquire the goods or the right to possession and use of the goods from that person, (b) that the lessee is entitled under this article to the promises and warranties, including those of any third party, provided to the lessor by the person supplying the goods in connection with or as part of the contract by which the lessor acquired the goods or the right to possession and use of the goods, and (c) that the lessee may communicate with the person supplying the goods to the lessor and receive an accurate and complete statement of those promises and warranties, including any disclaimers and limitations of them or of remedies. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 490:2A-103

  • Financially impaired: means that a risk retention group:

         (1)  Has admitted assets that are less than the sum of its aggregate liabilities and the amount of surplus to policyholders required to be maintained by a risk retention group chartered in this State and authorized to do the same kind or kinds of insurance; or

         (2)  Has admitted assets that are less than the sum of its aggregate liabilities and outstanding capital stock; or

         (3)  Is insolvent. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431K-1

  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Fixed Rate: Having a "fixed" rate means that the APR doesn't change based on fluctuations of some external rate (such as the "Prime Rate"). In other words, a fixed rate is a rate that is not a variable rate. A fixed APR can change over time, in several circumstances:
    • You are late making a payment or commit some other default, triggering an increase to a penalty rate
    • The bank changes the terms of your account and you do not reject the change.
    • The rate expires (if the rate was fixed for only a certain period of time).
  • Flatrack: means an open-sided platform mounted on a chassis without motive power designed to be drawn by a motor vehicle and used to carry property. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291-21.3
  • For-profit entity: means a corporation organized under chapter 414, including a stock insurance company. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 432C-1
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • Forgery: The fraudulent signing or alteration of another's name to an instrument such as a deed, mortgage, or check. The intent of the forgery is to deceive or defraud. Source: OCC
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Fund: means the additional unemployment compensation fund established by this chapter. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 385-2
  • Fund: means the Hawaii state compensation mutual insurance fund. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 386A-1
  • Gainful occupation: means any activity which produces pecuniary gain for any person or persons connected therewith. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 390-1
  • Gap group individuals: means medically uninsured persons who are residents of the State. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431N-2
  • Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
  • General public benefit: means a material positive impact on society and the environment, taken as a whole and as measured by a third-party standard under section 420D-12, from the business and operations of a sustainable business corporation. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 420D-2
  • Germane: On the subject of the pending bill or other business; a strict standard of relevance.
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Glazing material: means any glass, plastic, or like material, manufactured for use in or on a vehicle, including but not limited to windshields, window openings, or interior partitions. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291-21.3
  • Good faith: means honesty in fact and the observance of reasonable commercial standards of fair dealing. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 490:7-102
  • Good faith: means honesty in fact in the conduct or transaction concerned. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 490:5-102
  • Goods: means all things that are movable at the time of identification to the lease contract, or are fixtures (section 490:2A-309), but the term does not include money, documents, instruments, accounts, chattel paper, general intangibles, or minerals or the like, including oil and gas, before extraction. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 490:2A-103
  • Goods: means all things that are treated as movable for the purposes of a contract for storage or transportation. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 490:7-102
  • Grace period: The number of days you'll have to pay your bill for purchases in full without triggering a finance charge. Source: Federal Reserve
  • Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
  • Gross sales: means the total receipts actually received from the sale of liquor for which the license has been issued without deduction on account of the cost of property sold or expenses of any kind. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 281-1
  • Gross vehicle weight rating: means the value specified by the manufacturer as the loaded weight of a single vehicle. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 286-201
  • Guarantor: A party who agrees to be responsible for the payment of another party's debts should that party default. Source: OCC
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • Hazardous financial condition: means that, based on its present or reasonably anticipated financial condition, a risk retention group, although not yet financially impaired or insolvent, is unlikely to be able to:

         (1)  Meet obligations to policyholders with respect to known claims and reasonably anticipated claims; or

         (2)  Pay other obligations in the normal course of business. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431K-1

  • Hazardous material: means a substance or material which has been determined by the United States Secretary of Transportation to be capable of posing an unreasonable risk to health, safety, and property when transported in commerce, and which has been so designated. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 286-221
  • Hazardous materials incident: means an occurrence or likely occurrence or potential of a spill, release, leakage, dumping, or loss of control of a hazardous material during the course of transportation in commerce including loading, unloading, or temporary storage. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 286-221
  • Hazardous waste: means any material designated in Title 40, Code of Federal Regulations, Part 261 and which are subject to the hazardous waste manifest requirements of Title 40, Code of Federal Regulations, Part 262. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 286-221
  • Health care coverage: means contractually arranged medical, personal, or other services, including preventive services, education, case management, and outreach, provided to an eligible member. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431N-2
  • Hearsay: Statements by a witness who did not see or hear the incident in question but heard about it from someone else. Hearsay is usually not admissible as evidence in court.
  • Highway: means the entire width between the boundary lines of every way publicly maintained and those private streets, as defined in section 46-16, over which the application of this chapter has been extended by ordinance, when any part thereof is open to the use of the public for purposes of vehicular travel. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291C-1
  • Historic preservation: means the research, protection, restoration, rehabilitation, and interpretation of buildings, structures, objects, districts, areas, and sites, including underwater sites and burial sites, significant to the history, architecture, archaeology, or culture of this State, its communities, or the nation. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 6E-2
  • Historic property: means any building, structure, object, district, area, or site, including heiau and underwater site, which is over fifty years old. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 6E-2
  • Hoisting machine: means a machine with a hoist line, sling, or hydraulic lifting mechanism used in construction, demolition, or excavation work. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 396-3
  • Hospital: means a facility licensed as a hospital by the department of health and accredited by the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Health Care Organizations. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431M-1
  • House trailer: means :

         (1)  A trailer or semitrailer which is designed, constructed, and equipped as a dwelling place, living abode, or sleeping place (either permanently or temporarily) and is equipped for use as a conveyance on streets and highways; or

         (2)  A trailer or a semitrailer whose chassis and exterior shell is designed and constructed for use as a house trailer, as defined in paragraph (1), but which is used instead permanently or temporarily for the advertising, sales, display, or promotion of merchandise or services, or for any other commercial purpose except the transportation of property for hire or the transportation of property for distribution by a private carrier. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291C-1

  • Human skeletal remains: means the body or any part of the body of a deceased human being. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 6E-2
  • Imminent hazard: means the existence of a condition that presents a substantial likelihood that death, serious illness, severe personal injury, or a substantial endangerment to health, property, or the environment may occur before the reasonably foreseeable completion date of a formal proceeding begun to lessen the risk of such death, illness, injury, or endangerment. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 286-231
  • In-hospital services: means the provision of medical, nursing, or therapeutic services twenty-four hours a day in a hospital. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431M-1
  • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
  • Independent: means having no material relationship with a sustainable business corporation or any of its subsidiaries. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 420D-2
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • Industry: means a trade, business, industry, or branch thereof, or group of industries in which individuals are employed. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 387-1
  • Infectious substance: means a viable microorganism, or its toxin, which causes or may cause disease in humans and animals, or which is further described as an infectious substance in Title 49, Code of Federal Regulations, Part 173. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 286-221
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • Insolvent: means that a risk retention group has admitted assets that are less than the aggregate amount of its liabilities. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431K-1
  • Installment lease contract: means a lease contract that authorizes or requires the delivery of goods in separate lots to be separately accepted, even though the lease contract contains a clause "each delivery is a separate lease" or its equivalent. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 490:2A-103
  • Insurance: means primary insurance, excess insurance, reinsurance, surplus lines insurance, and any other arrangement for shifting and distributing risk which is determined to be insurance under the laws of this State. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431K-1
  • Inter vivos: Transfer of property from one living person to another living person.
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • International symbol of access: means the symbol adopted by Rehabilitation International in 1969 at its Eleventh World Congress on Rehabilitation of the Disabled. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291-51
  • Interrogatories: Written questions asked by one party of an opposing party, who must answer them in writing under oath; a discovery device in a lawsuit.
  • Intersection: means the area embraced within the prolongation or connection of the lateral curb lines, or, if none, then the lateral boundary lines of the roadways of two highways which join one another at, or approximately at, right angles, or the area within which vehicles traveling upon different highways joining at any other angle may come in conflict. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291C-1
  • Intoxicating liquor: means the same as the term is defined in section 281-1. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291-1
  • intoxicating liquor: includes alcohol, brandy, whiskey, rum, gin, okolehao, sake, beer, ale, porter, and wine; and also includes, in addition to the foregoing, any spirituous, vinous, malt or fermented liquor, liquids, and compounds, whether medicated, proprietary, patented, or not, in whatever form and of whatever constituency and by whatever name called, containing one-half of one per cent or more of alcohol by volume, which are fit for use or may be used or readily converted for use for beverage purposes. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 281-1
  • Invalid disability parking permit: means an expired or voided removable windshield placard, temporary removable windshield placard, special license plates, or disabled paid parking exemption permit. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291-51
  • Investigator: means any investigator of the commission in each case for the county wherein the commission has jurisdiction. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 281-1
  • Issuer: means a bailee that issues a document of title or, in the case of an unaccepted delivery order, the person that orders the possessor of goods to deliver. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 490:7-102
  • Issuer: means a bank or other person that issues a letter of credit, but does not include an individual who makes an engagement for personal, family, or household purposes. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 490:5-102
  • Issuing agency: means the disability and communication access board. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291-51
  • Issuing public corporation: means a corporation incorporated in this State with at least one hundred shareholders and having its principal place of business or substantial assets located in this State. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 414E-1
  • Joint resolution: A legislative measure which requires the approval of both chambers.
  • Joint tenancy: A form of property ownership in which two or more parties hold an undivided interest in the same property that was conveyed under the same instrument at the same time. A joint tenant can sell his (her) interest but not dispose of it by will. Upon the death of a joint tenant, his (her) undivided interest is distributed among the surviving joint tenants.
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Labor dispute: includes any controversy concerning terms, tenure or conditions of employment, or concerning the association or representation of persons in negotiating, fixing, maintaining, changing, or seeking to arrange terms or conditions of employment, regardless of whether the disputants stand in the proximate relation of employer and employee. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 377-1
  • labor dispute: includes any controversy concerning terms or conditions of employment, or concerning the association or representation of persons in negotiating, fixing, maintaining, changing, or seeking to arrange terms or conditions of employment, regardless of whether or not the disputants stand in the proximate relation of employer and employee. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 380-13
  • Labor organization: means any organization of employees which exists for the purpose, in whole or in part, of collective bargaining or of dealing with employers concerning wages, hours, and other terms and conditions of employment. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 381-1
  • Labor organization: means any organization of employees which exists for the purpose, in whole or in part, of collective bargaining or of dealing with employers concerning wages, hours, and other terms and conditions of employment. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 382-1
  • Laned roadway: means roadway which is divided into two or more clearly marked lanes for vehicular traffic. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291C-1
  • Lawsuit: A legal action started by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a complaint that the defendant failed to perform a legal duty, resulting in harm to the plaintiff.
  • Lease: means a transfer of the right to possession and use of goods for a term in return for consideration, but a sale, including a sale on approval or a sale or return, or retention or creation of a security interest is not a lease. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 490:2A-103
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Lease agreement: means the bargain, with respect to the lease, of the lessor and the lessee in fact as found in their language or by implication from other circumstances including course of dealing or usage of trade or course of performance as provided in this article. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 490:2A-103
  • Lease contract: means the total legal obligation that results from the lease agreement as affected by this article and any other applicable rules of law. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 490:2A-103
  • Leasehold interest: means the interest of the lessor or the lessee under a lease contract. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 490:2A-103
  • Legacy: A gift of property made by will.
  • Legal tender: coins, dollar bills, or other currency issued by a government as official money. Source: U.S. Mint
  • Legatee: A beneficiary of a decedent
  • Legislative session: That part of a chamber's daily session in which it considers legislative business (bills, resolutions, and actions related thereto).
  • Lessee: means a person who acquires the right to possession and use of goods under a lease. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 490:2A-103
  • Lessor: means a person who transfers the right to possession and use of goods under a lease. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 490:2A-103
  • Letter of credit: means a definite undertaking that satisfies the requirements of section 490:5-104 by an issuer to a beneficiary at the request or for the account of an applicant or, in the case of a financial institution, to itself or for its own account, to honor a documentary presentation by payment or delivery of an item of value. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 490:5-102
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • Liability: means legal liability for damages, including costs of defense, legal costs and fees, and other claims expenses because of injuries to other persons, damage to their property, or other damage or loss to those other persons resulting from or arising out of:

         (1)  Any business, whether for profit or nonprofit, trade, product, services, including professional services, premises, or operations; or

         (2)  Any activity of any state or county government, or any agency or political subdivision;

    but does not include personal risk liability and an employer's liability with respect to its employees other than legal liability under the Federal Employers' Liability Act, 45 U. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431K-1

  • License: means any license granted under this chapter. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 281-1
  • Licensed clinical social worker: means a person who is a licensed clinical social worker pursuant to chapter 467E. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431M-1
  • Licensed dietitian: means a person who uses the title of licensed dietitian or dietitian and has been licensed to practice dietetics under chapter 448B. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431M-1
  • Licensed marriage and family therapist: means a person licensed in marriage and family therapy practice pursuant to chapter 451J. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431M-1
  • Licensed mental health counselor: means a person:

         (1)  Who engages in the practice of [mental] health counseling and uses the title of licensed mental health counselor;

         (2)  Who is licensed in mental health counseling practice pursuant to chapter 453D; and

         (3)  Whose license is in effect and not revoked or suspended. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431M-1

  • licensed premises: means the building and property that houses the establishment for which a license has been or is proposed to be issued; provided that in the case of class 12 hotel license, "premises" includes the hotel premises; provided further that in the case of a class 15 condominium hotel license, "premises" includes units, as defined in section 514B-3, that are used to provide transient lodging for periods of less than thirty days under a written contract with the owner or owners of each unit in, and common elements for access purposes as established by the declaration of condominium property regime of, the condominium hotel; and provided further that if an establishment is in a retail shopping complex the businesses of which have formed a merchants association, "premises" means the establishment. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 281-1
  • Licensee: includes also all agents, servants, and employees of the holder of a license. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 281-1
  • Licensing authority: means the officer, board, agency, court, or other authority in this State which has the power to issue a license or other legal authorization to render a professional service. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 415A-2
  • Lien: means a charge against or interest in goods to secure payment of a debt or performance of an obligation, but the term does not include a security interest. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 490:2A-103
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Light transmittance: means the ratio of the amount of total visible light, expressed in percentages, which is allowed to pass through the product or material, including the glazing material, to the amount of total visible light falling on the product or material and the glazing material. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291-21.3
  • Lineal descendant: Direct descendant of the same ancestors.
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • Loan program: means the activities and policies undertaken by the office to provide assistance to any department of the State or to any county or board, agency, or instrumentality thereof, or to private individuals or organizations, by making loans or causing loans to be made available to them or by buying, refinancing, or guaranteeing loans made to or other obligations incurred by them for the betterment of native Hawaiians. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 10-21
  • Lockout: means the refusal of a public utility to furnish work to employees as a result of a labor dispute. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 381-1
  • Lot: means a parcel or a single article that is the subject matter of a separate lease or delivery, whether or not it is sufficient to perform the lease contract. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 490:2A-103
  • Material relationship: means a relationship between a person and a sustainable business corporation where:

         (1)  The person is, or has been within the last three years, an employee other than a benefit officer of the sustainable business corporation or any of its subsidiaries;

         (2)  The person is related by blood, marriage, or adoption to; is a party to a civil union with; is a reciprocal beneficiary or household member of; or resides with an officer other than a benefit officer or director of the sustainable business corporation or any of its subsidiaries; or

         (3)  The person or an association of which the person is a director, officer, or manager or in which the person owns beneficially or of record five per cent or more of the outstanding equity interests or the outstanding shares of the sustainable business corporation; provided that percentage ownership in an association shall be calculated as if all outstanding rights to acquire equity interests in the association had been exercised. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 420D-2

  • Medical waste: means for transportation purposes, shipments of medical waste material generated in the diagnosis, treatment, or immunization of human beings and animals, in research pertaining thereto, in the production or testing of biologicals, or which are further described as regulated medical waste in Title 49, Code of Federal Regulations, Part 173. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 286-221
  • Member: includes the holder of a membership in an association without capital stock or the holder of common stock in [an] association organized with capital stock. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 421-1
  • Member: means the person or persons owning a unit or having the right of occupancy of a unit under a recorded lease having a term of twenty or more years from its commencement date; or anyone included in the definition of a member under the association documents, including the developer, whether or not the developer owns a unit. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 421J-2
  • Member: means a person who, under the rules or practices of a nonprofit association, may participate in the selection of persons authorized to manage the affairs of the nonprofit association or in the development of policy of the nonprofit association. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 429-1
  • Membership capital: means that capital paid to a nonstock association by a member in order to be a member and have the rights of membership in the association. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 421-1
  • Mental health outpatient facility: means a mental health establishment, clinic, institution, center, or community mental health center, that provides for the diagnosis, treatment, care, or rehabilitation of mentally ill persons, that has been accredited by the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations or the Commission on Accreditation of Rehabilitation Facilities or certified by the department of health. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431M-1
  • Mental illness: means a syndrome of clinically significant psychological, biological, or behavioral abnormalities that results in personal distress or suffering, impairment of capacity for functioning, or both. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431M-1
  • Merchant lessee: means a lessee that is a merchant with respect to goods of the kind subject to the lease. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 490:2A-103
  • Merger: means the procedure authorized by [section 421-21. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 421-1
  • Minimum status vote: means that in addition to any other approval or vote required by this chapter or the bylaws adopted by the shareholders:

         (1)  The holders of shares of every class or series shall be entitled to vote on the corporate action regardless of any limitation stated in the articles of incorporation or bylaws on the voting rights of any class or series; and

         (2)  The corporate action shall be approved by vote of the shareholders of each class or series entitled to cast at least two-thirds of the votes that all shareholders of the class or series are entitled to cast thereon. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 420D-2

  • Minor: means any person below the age of twenty-one years. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 281-1
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • Mitigation plan: means a plan, approved by the department, for the care and disposition of historic properties, aviation artifacts, and burial sites or the contents thereof, that includes monitoring, protection, restoration, and interpretation plans. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 6E-2
  • month: means a calendar month; and the word "year" a calendar year. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 1-20
  • Moped: means a device upon which a person may ride which has two or three wheels in contact with the ground, a motor having a maximum power output capability measured at the motor output shaft, in accordance with the Society of Automotive Engineers standards, of two horsepower (one thousand four hundred ninety-two watts) or less and, if it is a combustion engine, a maximum piston or rotor displacement of 3. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291C-1
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
  • Mortgagor: The person who pledges property to a creditor as collateral for a loan and who receives the money.
  • Motor carrier: as used in this part means any person who owns a motor vehicle used in, or engages in the transportation of persons or property by motor vehicle on the public highways in the furtherance of any commercial, industrial, or educational enterprise. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 286-201
  • Motor carrier vehicle: means any motor vehicle or vehicle, including integrally mounted equipment and specially constructed motorized equipment, used by a motor carrier to transport passengers or property on the public highways. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 286-201
  • Motor vehicle: means every vehicle which is self-propelled and every vehicle which is propelled by electric power but not operated upon rails but excludes a moped. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291C-1
  • Motorcycle: means every motor vehicle having a seat or saddle for the use of the rider and designed to travel on not more than three wheels in contact with the ground but excludes a farm tractor and a moped. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291C-1
  • National Board: means the National Board of Boiler and Pressure Vessel Inspectors. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 397-3
  • Neighborhood electric vehicle: means a self-propelled electrically powered motor vehicle to which all of the following apply:

         (1)  The vehicle is emission free;

         (2)  The vehicle is designed to be and is operated at speeds of twenty-five miles per hour or less;

         (3)  The vehicle has four wheels in contact with the ground;

         (4)  The vehicle has a gross vehicle weight rating of less than three thousand pounds; and

         (5)  The vehicle conforms to the minimum safety equipment requirements as adopted in the Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard No. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291C-1

  • Nolo contendere: No contest-has the same effect as a plea of guilty, as far as the criminal sentence is concerned, but may not be considered as an admission of guilt for any other purpose.
  • Nominated person: means a person whom the issuer (i) designates or authorizes to pay, accept, negotiate, or otherwise give value under a letter of credit, and (ii) undertakes by agreement or custom and practice to reimburse. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 490:5-102
  • Noncommercial motor vehicle: means a motor vehicle or combination of motor vehicles not defined by the term "commercial motor vehicle (CMV)" under section 286-2. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 286-231
  • Nonhospital facility: means a facility for the care or treatment of alcohol dependent, drug dependent, or mentally ill persons, which has been accredited by the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Health Care Organizations or the Commission on Accreditation of Rehabilitation Facilities or certified by the department of health and, if residential, has been licensed as a special treatment facility by the department of health. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431M-1
  • Nonprofit association: means an unincorporated organization, other than one created by a trust, consisting of two or more members joined by mutual consent for a common, nonprofit purpose. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 429-1
  • Nonprofit entity: means any charitable organization operating pursuant to Title 26 United States Code section 501(c)(3), (4), (8), (9), (26), or 501(e), and whose primary purpose is to provide accident and health or sickness insurance coverage or any type of accident and health or sickness insurance benefits to its members or the public. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 432C-1
  • Normal benefits: means the unemployment compensation benefits payable pursuant to chapter 383. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 385-2
  • oath: includes a solemn affirmation. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 1-21
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • Occupational safety and health standard: means a standard which requires conditions, or the adoption or use of one or more practices, means, methods, operations, or processes, reasonably necessary or appropriate to provide safe or healthful employment and places of employment. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 396-3
  • Offeree: means the beneficial owner, residing in Hawaii, of equity securities which an offeror offers to acquire in connection with a take-over offer. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 417E-1
  • Offeror: means a person who makes or in any way participates in making a take-over offer. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 417E-1
  • Organizing articles: means :

         (1)  For an association, corporation, or nonprofit corporation, the articles of incorporation;

         (2)  For a general partnership or limited liability partnership, the registration statement;

         (3)  For a limited partnership, the certificate of limited partnership; and

         (4)  For a limited liability company, the articles of organization. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 421-1

  • Other entity: includes a domestic or foreign corporation, whether organized for profit or not, a domestic or foreign limited liability company, general partnership, limited partnership, or limited liability partnership. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 415A-2
  • Out-of-service order: means a declaration by an authorized enforcement officer of a federal, state, Canadian, Mexican, or local jurisdiction that a driver, a commercial motor vehicle, or a motor carrier operation is out-of-service pursuant to Section 386. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 286-231
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • Owner: means any person, firm, or corporation with legal title to any boiler, pressure system, amusement ride, or elevator and kindred equipment inspected pursuant to this chapter who may or may not be the user. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 397-3
  • Owner: means a person, other than a lien holder, having the property in or title to a vehicle. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291C-1
  • Owner-employee: means a person who has performed services for an employing unit as defined in section 383-1, and who is or has been a shareholder owning twenty-five per cent or more of the corporation's common stock, and director or officer, or both, of a corporation which is or was the employing unit or who exercises a substantial degree of control over the direction of corporate activities. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 385-2
  • parking: means the standing of a vehicle, whether occupied or not, otherwise than temporarily for the purpose of and while actually engaged in loading or unloading merchandise or passengers. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291C-1
  • Parking space reserved for persons with disabilities: means a public or private parking space, including the access aisle, designated for the use of a person with a disability that is designed and constructed in compliance with the requirements of the federal Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, as

    amended, and related rules and guidelines, and is marked with a sign designating the parking space as reserved for persons with disabilities. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291-51

  • Partial closing: means the permanent shutting down of a portion of operations within a covered establishment due to the sale, transfer, merger, and other business takeover or transaction of business interests and results in or may result in the termination of a portion of the employees of a covered establishment by the employer. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 394B-2
  • Partial hospitalization: means treatment services, including in-hospital treatment services or benefits, provided by a hospital or mental health outpatient facility to patients who, because of their conditions, require more than periodic hourly service. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431M-1
  • Partner: means a partner in a general partnership, limited partnership, or limited liability partnership. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 281-1
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • Pedestrian: means any person afoot, in an invalid chair, or in a vehicle propelled by a person afoot. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291C-1
  • Person: means a natural or legal person. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 373L-1
  • Person: includes one or more individuals, partnerships, associations, corporations, legal representatives, trustees, or receivers. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 377-1
  • Person: includes one or more individuals, labor organizations, partnerships, associations, corporations, legal representatives, trustees, or receivers. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 382-1
  • Person: means one or more individuals, partnerships, associations, corporations, business trust, legal representatives, or any organized group of persons. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 394B-2
  • Person: means an individual, group, partnership, firm, association, corporation, trust, governmental agency, governmental official, administrative body, or tribunal or any form of business or legal entity. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 46-122
  • Person: means any individual, firm, corporation, partnership, or association. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 6E-2
  • Person: includes individuals, partnerships, corporations, limited liability companies, and associations. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 421-1
  • Person: means an individual, firm, corporation, partnership, association, trust or other legal entity, or any combination thereof. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 421J-2
  • Person: means an individual, corporation, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, association, joint venture, government, governmental subdivision, agency, or instrumentality, or any other legal or commercial entity. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 429-1
  • Person: means and includes natural persons, associations, copartnerships, limited liability companies, and corporations, and also includes any agent, servant, and employee of such person. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 281-1
  • Person employed in an executive or supervisory capacity: means any employee who has the authority to hire or fire other employees or whose suggestions and recommendations as to hiring or firing and as to the advancement, promotion, or demotion of other employees will be given particular weight; but shall not mean registered nurses whose compensation is determined on an hourly basis or who are subject to supervision by any person other than the person in charge of all registered nurses at the employer's premises. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 377-1
  • Person with a disability: means a person with a disability that limits or impairs the ability to walk, and who, as determined by a licensed practicing physician or an advanced practice registered nurse:

         (1)  Cannot walk two hundred feet without stopping to rest, and who has been diagnosed with:

              (A)  An arthritic, neurological, orthopedic, renal, vascular, or oncological condition;

              (B)  Lung disease to such an extent that the person's forced (respiratory) expiratory volume for one second, when measured by spirometry, is less than one liter, or the arterial oxygen tension is less than sixty mm/hg on room air at rest; or

              (C)  A cardiac condition to the extent that the person's functional limitations are classified in severity as Class III or Class IV according to the standards set by the American Heart Association; and

         (2)  Because of a condition identified in paragraph (1):

              (A)  Cannot walk two hundred feet under the person's own power without stopping to rest;

              (B)  Cannot walk without the use of, or assistance from, a brace, cane, crutch, another person, prosthetic device, wheelchair, or other assistive device; or

              (C)  Uses portable oxygen. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291-51

  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • Personal risk liability: means liability for damages because of injury to any person, damage to property, or other loss or damage resulting from any personal, familial, or household responsibilities or activities, rather than from responsibilities or activities referred to in paragraphs (1) and (2) in the definition of "liability". See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431K-1
  • Pharmacy benefit manager: means any person, business, or entity that performs pharmacy benefit management, including but not limited to a person or entity under contract with a pharmacy benefit manager to perform pharmacy benefit management on behalf of a managed care company, nonprofit hospital or medical service organization, insurance company, third-party payor, or health program administered by the State. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431R-1
  • Physician: means a person licensed in the practice of medicine or osteopathy pursuant to chapter 453. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431M-1
  • Place of employment: means any place, and the premises appurtenant thereto, where employment is carried on. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 396-3
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Planned community: means one of the following:

         (1)  Real property, other than a condominium or a cooperative housing corporation or a time share plan, that is subject to a planned community association as defined under section 607-14; or

         (2)  A common interest community, other than a condominium or a cooperative housing corporation or a time share plan, which includes all of the following characteristics:

              (A)  Real property subject to a recorded declaration placing restrictions and obligations on the owners of the real property that are enforced or enforceable by a separate entity, the association, established for that purpose whether or not mentioned in the declaration, and:

                   (i)  That owns and maintains certain property within the planned community for the common use or benefit, or both, of the owners of units within the planned community;

                  (ii)  That is obligated to maintain certain property it does not own within the planned community for the common use or benefit, or both, of the owners of units within the planned community; or

                 (iii)  That is obligated to provide services to any such owners or units;

              (B)  Individual owners own separate units that are part of a planned community at least some of which are improved by or are to be improved by residential dwellings;

              (C)  Owners have automatic and non-severable membership in an association by virtue of ownership of units within the planned community; and

              (D)  Owners, other than a master developer or declarant, are obligated by any association document to pay mandatory assessments by virtue of ownership of a unit within the planned community. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 421J-2

  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • Police officer: means every officer authorized to direct or regulate traffic or to make arrests for violations of traffic regulations. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291C-1
  • Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • Preliminary hearing: A hearing where the judge decides whether there is enough evidence to make the defendant have a trial.
  • Premises: shall include but not be limited to a lodging or tenement house, group residence, group living arrangement, hotel, boardinghouse, or restaurant as further defined in section 445-90, or any other like facility serving unsupervised or unrelated individuals. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 46-15.6
  • premises: includes the hotel premises; provided further that in the case of a class 15 condominium hotel license, "premises" includes units, as defined in section 514B-3, that are used to provide transient lodging for periods of less than thirty days under a written contract with the owner or owners of each unit in, and common elements for access purposes as established by the declaration of condominium property regime of, the condominium hotel; and provided further that if an establishment is in a retail shopping complex the businesses of which have formed a merchants association, "premises" means the establishment. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 281-1
  • Prescription drug benefit plan: means an accident and sickness insurance plan or health benefits plan that includes coverage for prescription drugs. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431R-1
  • Prescription drug benefit plan provider: means a person who provides prescription drug coverage as part of an accident and health or sickness insurance contract or other type of health insurance or benefits plan that is offered by the person and is subject to regulation under article 10A of chapter 431, chapter 432, or chapter 432D. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431R-1
  • present sale: means a sale which is accomplished by the making of the contract. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 490:2-106
  • Present value: means the amount as of a date certain of one or more sums payable in the future, discounted to the date certain. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 490:2A-103
  • Presentation: means delivery of a document to an issuer or nominated person for honor or giving of value under a letter of credit. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 490:5-102
  • Presenter: means a person making a presentation as or on behalf of a beneficiary or nominated person. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 490:5-102
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • Pressure piping: means piping systems specified in the American Society of Mechanical Engineers Power Piping Code B31. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 397-3
  • Pressure system: means either a pressure vessel or pressure piping as defined in this section. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 397-3
  • Pressure vessel: means a closed vessel in which pressure is obtained from an external source or by the direct application of heat from a direct or indirect source. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 397-3
  • Principal: means a person who has entered into a development agreement pursuant to the procedures specified in this chapter, including a successor in interest. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 46-122
  • Private entity: means a private owner or lessee of a parking facility or site where invitation to the general public is expressed or implied. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291-51
  • Private parking: means a privately owned parking facility or site where invitation to the general public is expressed or implied. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291-51
  • Private road or driveway: means every way or place in private ownership and used for vehicular travel by the owner and those having express or implied permission from the owner, but not by other persons. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291C-1
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Product liability: means liability for damages because of any personal injury, death, emotional harm, consequential economic damage, or property damage, including damages resulting from the loss of use of property, arising out of the manufacture, design, importation, distribution, packaging, labeling, lease, or sale of a product, but does not include the liability of any person for those damages if the product involved was in the possession of the person when the incident giving rise to the claim occurred. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431K-1
  • Professional corporation: means a domestic professional corporation for profit subject to this chapter. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 415A-2
  • Professional employer agreement: means a written contract by and between a client company and a professional employer organization that:

         (1)  Provides for covered employees to the client company;

         (2)  Describes the duties and responsibilities of the client company and the professional employer organization with respect to the covered employees; and

         (3)  Includes a declaration by the professional employer organization of the professional employer organization's responsibilities under section 373L-6. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 373L-1

  • Professional employer organization: means any person that is a party to a professional employer agreement with a client company and whose covered employees perform services on a long-term, rather than temporary or project-specific basis. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 373L-1
  • Professional service: means any service which lawfully may be rendered only by persons licensed under chapters 442, 448, 453, 455, 457, 459, 461, 463E, 465, 466, 471, and 605, and section 554-2. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 415A-2
  • Programmatic agreement: means a document that sets forth the terms of a formal, legally binding agreement and establishes a process for consultation, review, and compliance with federal laws. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 6E-2
  • Project: means any activity directly undertaken by the State or its political subdivisions or supported in whole or in part through appropriations, contracts, grants, loans, or other forms of funding assistance from the State or its political subdivisions or involving any lease, permit, license, certificate, land use change, or other entitlement for use issued by the State or its political subdivisions. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 6E-2
  • project: means :

         (1)  The lawful acquisition of any property, real, personal, or mixed, tangible or intangible, or any interests therein, pursuant to section 10-4(2);

         (2)  Any capital improvement projects on lands held by the office pursuant to section 10-4(2) or in the public land trust, including but not limited to the construction of buildings and other improvements; infrastructure development, and other enterprises which are acquired, constructed, reconstructed, rehabilitated, improved, altered, or repaired by or on behalf of the office;

         (3)  Pilot projects, demonstrations, or both, where those projects or demonstrations fulfill criteria established by the board, pursuant to section 10-5(7); and

         (4)  Any other projects determined by rules adopted by the board pursuant to chapter 91 or otherwise authorized by the board in accordance with applicable law to be for the betterment of native Hawaiians and are consistent with the purposes of this chapter. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 10-21

  • Project costs: means expenditures made or estimated to be made or monetary obligations incurred or estimated to be incurred by the agency that are listed in a tax increment financing plan as costs of public works or public improvements in a tax increment district, plus other costs incidental to the expenditures or obligations. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 46-102
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • Psychologist: means a person licensed in the practice of psychology pursuant to chapter 465. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431M-1
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • Public nuisances: shall include but not be limited to the placement of structures, stalls, stands, furniture, and containers on streets, sidewalks, and public places where the placement of structures, stalls, stands, furniture, and containers are inconsistent with or frustrate the purpose, function, or activity for which the street, sidewalk, or public place was intended. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 46-15.6
  • Public place: means any publicly owned property or privately owned property open for public use or to which the public is invited for entertainment or business purposes. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 281-1
  • Public utility: has the meaning given that term in section 269-1, excluding, however, the State or any county or any commission or board of the State or of any county, and any person subject to the Federal Railway Labor Act, as amended from time to time. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 381-1
  • Purchase: includes taking by sale, lease, mortgage, security interest, pledge, gift, or any other voluntary transaction creating an interest in goods. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 490:2A-103
  • Purchasing group: means any group which:

         (1)  Has as one of its purposes the purchase of liability insurance on a group basis;

         (2)  Purchases this insurance only for its group members and only to cover their similar or related liability exposure, as described in [paragraph (3)];

         (3)  Is composed of members whose businesses or activities are similar or related with respect to the liability to which members are exposed by virtue of any related, similar, or common business, trade, product, services, premises, or operations; and

         (4)  Is domiciled in any state. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431K-1

  • Qualified: means :

         (1)  Having skill in the diagnosis or treatment of substance use disorders, based on a practitioner's credentials, including but not limited to professional education, clinical training, licensure, board or other certification, clinical experience, letters of reference, other professional qualifications, and disciplinary action; or

         (2)  Being a licensed physician, psychologist, licensed clinical social worker, licensed marriage and family therapist, licensed mental health counselor, or advanced practice registered nurse, and certified pursuant to chapter 321. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431M-1

  • Qualified person: means an individual who is eligible under this chapter to own shares issued by a professional corporation. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 415A-2
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Railroad: means a carrier of persons or property upon cars operated upon stationary rails. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291C-1
  • Railroad sign or signal: means any sign, signal, or device erected by authority of a public body or official or by a railroad and intended to give notice of the presence of railroad tracks or the approach of a railroad train. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291C-1
  • Railroad train: means a steam engine, electric or other motor, with or without cars coupled thereto, operated upon rails. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291C-1
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • Record: means information that is inscribed on a tangible medium or that is stored in an electronic or other medium and is retrievable in perceivable form. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 490:7-102
  • Record: means information that is inscribed on a tangible medium, or that is stored in an electronic or other medium and is retrievable in perceivable form. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 490:5-102
  • Recorded: means recorded or filed in the bureau of conveyances of the State or in the office of the assistant registrar of the land court of the State, as appropriate. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 421J-2
  • Recourse: An arrangement in which a bank retains, in form or in substance, any credit risk directly or indirectly associated with an asset it has sold (in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles) that exceeds a pro rata share of the bank's claim on the asset. If a bank has no claim on an asset it has sold, then the retention of any credit risk is recourse. Source: FDIC
  • Redevelopment plan: means a plan as defined in section 53-1. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 46-102
  • Regulation: means any regulation prescribed by the commission with the approval of the elected executive head of the county for carrying out this chapter. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 281-1
  • Related services: means and includes all services, other than stevedoring services, ordinarily or necessarily performed in regard to cargo, goods, wares, and merchandise of every kind arriving at a terminal facility for shipment by or discharge from vessels and other craft; and "related facilities" means and includes all facilities in connection therewith. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 382-1
  • Relocation: means the removal of all or substantially all of the industrial, commercial, or business operations in a covered establishment to a location outside the State of Hawaii. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 394B-2
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings.
  • Removable windshield placard: means a two-sided, hanger-style placard issued under this part to a person with a disability who presents a certificate of disability that verifies that the applicant's disability is expected to last for at least six years. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291-51
  • Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
  • Representative: includes any person chosen by an employee to represent the employee. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 377-1
  • Representative: means any person or persons, labor organization, organization, or corporation designated either by a public utility or by employees to act for it or them. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 381-1
  • Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
  • Reserves: means reserves required or permitted in the covenants in the resolution or resolutions of the board authorizing the obtaining of loans or issuance of revenue bonds under this part. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 10-21
  • Residence district: means the territory contiguous to and including a highway not comprising a business district when the property on the highway for a distance of three hundred feet or more is in the main improved with residences or residences and buildings in use for business. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291C-1
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • Retail community pharmacy: means a pharmacy, permitted by the board of pharmacy pursuant to section 461-14, that is open to the public, dispenses prescription drugs to the general public, and makes available face-to-face consultations between licensed pharmacists and the general public to whom prescription drugs are dispensed. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431R-1
  • Revenue bonds: means revenue bonds, interim certificates, notes, debentures, or other evidence of indebtedness of the board authorized by or issued under this part. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 10-21
  • Right-of-way: means the right of one vehicle or pedestrian to proceed in a lawful manner in preference to another vehicle or pedestrian approaching under such circumstances of direction, speed, and proximity as to give rise to danger of collision unless one grants precedence to the other. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291C-1
  • Risk retention group: means any corporation or other limited liability association formed under the laws of any state, Bermuda, or the Cayman Islands:

         (1)  Whose primary activity consists of assuming and spreading all, or any portion, of the liability exposure of its group members;

         (2)  Which is organized for the primary purpose of conducting the activity described under paragraph (1);

         (3)  Which:

              (A)  Is chartered and licensed as a liability insurance company and authorized to engage in the business of insurance under the laws of any state; or

              (B)  Before January 1, 1985, was chartered or licensed and authorized to engage in the business of insurance under the laws of Bermuda or the Cayman Islands and, before this date, had certified to the insurance commissioner of at least one state that it satisfied the capitalization requirements of that state, except that any group shall be considered to be a risk retention group only if the group has been engaged in business continuously since this date and only for the purpose of continuing to provide insurance to cover product liability or completed operations liability, as defined in the Product Liability Risk Retention Act of 1981, 15 U. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431K-1

  • Roadway: means that portion of a highway improved, designed, or ordinarily used for vehicular travel, exclusive of the berm or shoulder. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291C-1
  • Safety zone: means the area or space officially set apart within a roadway for the exclusive use of pedestrians and which is protected or is so marked or indicated by adequate signs as to be plainly visible at all times while set apart as a safety zone. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291C-1
  • Scenic lookout: includes any area within or adjoining a public street, road, or highway which is intended for use by motorists as a stopping or parking area attendant to the enjoyment of the surrounding scenery or a view. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291-1
  • School bus: means every motor vehicle as defined in section 286-181 and any regulations promulgated pursuant thereto by the department of education. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291C-1
  • Seasonal pursuit: means one in which it is customary in each year for the volume of employment in such pursuit to be substantially increased during a regularly recurring period or periods of seasonal activity, and in the remainder of the year, owing to climate or other natural conditions, for the volume of employment to be substantially decreased. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 387-1
  • Secondary boycott: includes combining or conspiring to cause or threaten to cause injury to one with whom no labor dispute exists, whether by:

         (1)  Withholding patronage, labor, or other beneficial business intercourse;

         (2)  Picketing;

         (3)  Refusing to handle, install, use, or work on particular materials, equipment, or supplies; or

         (4)  Using any other unlawful means,

    in order to bring one against one's will into a concerted plan to coerce or inflict damage upon another. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 377-1

  • Seller: means a person who sells or contracts to sell goods. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 490:2-103
  • Serious bodily injury: means bodily injury which creates a substantial risk of death or which causes serious, permanent disfigurement, or protracted loss or impairment of the function of any bodily member or organ. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291C-1
  • Serious traffic violation: means conviction of any of the following offenses when operating a commercial motor vehicle, except for weight, defect, and parking violations:

         (1)  Excessive speeding involving any single offense for any speed of fifteen miles per hour or more above the posted speed limit;

         (2)  Reckless driving or driving a commercial motor vehicle in disregard of the safety of persons or property, including but not limited to offenses of driving a commercial motor vehicle in wilful or wanton disregard for the safety of persons or property;

         (3)  Improper or erratic traffic lane changes;

         (4)  Following a vehicle ahead too closely;

         (5)  A violation of any state or local law relating to motor vehicle traffic control, other than a parking violation, arising in connection with a fatal traffic accident;

         (6)  Driving a commercial motor vehicle without obtaining a commercial learner's permit or a commercial driver's license;

         (7)  Driving a commercial motor vehicle without a commercial learner's permit or a commercial driver's license in the driver's possession; provided that this paragraph shall not apply to a citation issued under, or an offense disposed of pursuant to section 286-116(a) or a substantially similar provision of law in another state;

         (8)  Driving a commercial motor vehicle without the proper class or endorsements of commercial driver's license or commercial learner's permit for the specific vehicle group being operated or for the passengers or type of cargo being transported;

         (9)  Texting while driving in violation of a state or county law or ordinance; or

        (10)  Using a mobile electronic device in violation of a state or a county law or ordinance. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 286-231

  • Serious violation: means a violation that carries with it a substantial probability that death or serious physical harm could result from a condition that exists, or from one or more practices, means, methods, operations, or processes that have been adopted or are in use, in a place of employment, unless the employer did not, and could not with the exercise of reasonable diligence, have known of the presence of the violation. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 396-3
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • Shipper: means a person that enters into a contract of transportation with a carrier. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 490:7-102
  • Sidewalk: means that portion of a street between the curb lines, or the lateral lines of a roadway, and the adjacent property lines, intended for use of pedestrians. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291C-1
  • Sign designating the parking space as reserved for persons with disabilities: means a sign which contains:

         (1)  The words, "Reserved Parking";

         (2)  The international symbol of access;

         (3)  Words indicating that the space is reserved for parking by persons with disabilities who have valid placards or special license plates; and

         (4)  The maximum fine for parking illegally in the space. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291-51

  • significant: means twenty per cent or more of the assets of the nonprofit entity or an amount where the for-profit entity gains control or majority ownership of total assets of the nonprofit entity. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 432C-1
  • Special license plate: means a license plate that displays the international symbol of access:

         (1)  In a color that contrasts to the background; and

         (2)  In the same size as the letters or numbers on the plate. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291-51

  • standing: means the halting of a vehicle, whether occupied or not, otherwise than temporarily for the purpose of and while actually engaged in receiving or discharging passengers. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291C-1
  • State: means any state of the United States or the District of Columbia. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431K-1
  • State historic preservation officer: means that officer appointed by the governor as provided in section 6E-5. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 6E-2
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
  • Stevedoring industry: means the business of furnishing services for the loading and unloading of cargo transported or to be transported on vessels and other craft, at any ports within the State, and also means the business of furnishing related services, as herein defined. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 382-1
  • Stevedoring services: means services for the loading and unloading of cargo transported or to be transported on vessels and other craft and the handling of lines of vessels and other craft, at any ports within the State. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 382-1
  • Street: means the entire width between boundary lines of every way publicly maintained when any part thereof is open to the use of the public for purposes of vehicular travel. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291C-1
  • Strike: means the temporary stoppage of work, slowdown, or retarding of production or operations by the concerted action of two or more employees as a result of a labor dispute. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 381-1
  • Strike: means the temporary stoppage of work, slowdown, or retarding of production or operations by the concerted action of employees. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 382-1
  • Sublease: means a lease of goods the right to possession and use of which was acquired by the lessor as a lessee under an existing lease. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 490:2A-103
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Substance abuse services: means the provision of medical, psychological, nursing, counseling, or therapeutic services in response to a treatment plan for alcohol or drug dependence or both which shall include, when appropriate, a combination of aftercare and individual, group, and family counseling services provided by qualified staff. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431M-1
  • Substantial bodily injury: means bodily injury which causes:  (1) a major avulsion, laceration, or penetration of the skin; (2) a chemical, electrical, friction, or scalding burn of second degree severity; (3) a bone fracture; (4) a serious concussion; or (5) a tearing, rupture, or corrosive damage to the esophagus, viscera, or other internal organs. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291C-1
  • Successor of a beneficiary: means a person who succeeds to substantially all of the rights of a beneficiary by operation of law, including a corporation with or into which the beneficiary has been merged or consolidated, an administrator, executor, personal representative, trustee in bankruptcy, debtor in possession, liquidator, and receiver. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 490:5-102
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Sun screening devices: means products or materials used or designed to be used in conjunction with glazing materials for the purpose of reducing the effects of the sun, including, but not limited to tinting films and perforated sun screening materials, but excluding louvered materials. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291-21.3
  • Supplier: means a person from whom a lessor buys or leases goods to be leased under a finance lease. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 490:2A-103
  • Supply contract: means a contract under which a lessor buys or leases goods to be leased. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 490:2A-103
  • Sustainable business corporation: means a domestic corporation, incorporated under chapter 414, that has elected to also become subject to this chapter and whose status as a sustainable business corporation has not been terminated as provided in this chapter. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 420D-2
  • Take-over offer: means the offer to acquire any equity securities of a target company from a resident of this State pursuant to a tender offer or request or invitation for tenders, if after the acquisition of all securities acquired pursuant to the offer either the offeror would be directly or indirectly a beneficial owner of more than ten per cent of any class of the outstanding equity securities of the target company; or the beneficial ownership by the offeror of any class of the outstanding equity securities of the target company would be increased by more than five per cent, provided that this does not apply if after the acquisition of all securities acquired pursuant to the offer, the offeror would not be directly or indirectly a beneficial owner of more than ten per cent of any class of the outstanding equity securities of the target company. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 417E-1
  • Tank vehicle: means any commercial vehicle that is designed to transport any liquid or gaseous materials within a tank or tanks having an individual rated capacity of more than one hundred nineteen gallons and an aggregate rated capacity of one thousand gallons or more that is either permanently or temporarily attached to the vehicle or the chassis. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 286-231
  • Target company: means an issuer of publicly traded equity securities which is organized under the laws of the State or has at least twenty per cent of its equity securities beneficially held by residents of this State, and has substantial assets in this State. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 417E-1
  • Tax increment: means the amount of real property taxes levied for one year on the assessment increment. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 46-102
  • Tax increment financing plan: means the plan for tax increment financing for a tax increment district submitted to the county council. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 46-102
  • Tax increment fund: means a fund which shall be held by the director of finance or other fiduciary designated by the county council and into which all tax increments and other moneys pledged by the county for payment of tax increment bonds are paid, and all proceeds from the sale of tax increment bonds are deposited, and from which moneys are disbursed to pay project costs for the tax increment district or to satisfy claims of holders of tax increment bonds issued for the district. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 46-102
  • Temporary help services: means an arrangement by which a person recruits and hires the person's own employees and:

         (1)  Finds other organizations that need the services of those employees;

         (2)  Assigns those employees to perform work or services for other organizations to support or supplement the other organizations' workforces or to provide assistance in special work situations, including employee absences, skill shortages, seasonal workloads, or special assignments or projects; and

         (3)  Customarily attempts to reassign the employees to successive placements with other organizations at the end of each assignment. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 373L-1

  • Temporary removable windshield placard: means a two-sided, hanger-style placard issued under this part to a person with a disability who presents a certificate of disability that verifies the person's disability in monthly increments, which shall not exceed six months. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291-51
  • Temporary restraining order: Prohibits a person from an action that is likely to cause irreparable harm. This differs from an injunction in that it may be granted immediately, without notice to the opposing party, and without a hearing. It is intended to last only until a hearing can be held.
  • Tenancy in common: A type of property ownership in which two or more individuals have an undivided interest in property. At the death of one tenant in common, his (her) fractional percentage of ownership in the property passes to the decedent
  • Terminal facility: means any dock, wharf, pier, quay, bulkhead, or landing, with the appurtenances thereto, and any warehouse used in connection therewith. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 382-1
  • Testator: A male person who leaves a will at death.
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Texting: means manually entering alphanumeric text into, or reading text from, an electronic device, and includes short message service; e-mailing; instant messaging; a command or request to access a world wide web page; pressing more than a single button to initiate or terminate a voice communication using a mobile telephone; and engaging in any other form of electronic text retrieval or entry, for present or future communication. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 286-231
  • Theatrical employment: means gainful occupation as a model, dancer, singer, musician, entertainer or motion picture, television, radio or theatrical performer. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 390-1
  • Third-party standard: means a standard for defining, reporting, and assessing overall corporate social and environmental performance that conforms to the requirements of this chapter. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 420D-2
  • Through highway: means every highway or portion thereof on which vehicular traffic is given preferential right-of-way, and at the entrances to which vehicular traffic from intersecting highways is required by law to yield the right-of-way to vehicles on such through highway in obedience to a stop sign, yield sign, or other official traffic-control device, when such signs or devices are erected as provided by law. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291C-1
  • Tipped employee: means any employee engaged in an occupation in which the employee customarily and regularly receives more than $20 a month in tips. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 387-1
  • to sell: includes to solicit and receive an order for; to have or keep or offer or expose for sale; to deliver for value or in any other way than purely gratuitously; to peddle; to keep with intent to sell; to traffic in; and the word "sale" includes every act of selling as herein defined. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 281-1
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Toy bicycle: means every device propelled solely by human power upon which any person may ride, having two tandem wheels, including any device generally recognized as a bicycle though equipped with two front or two rear wheels, which has a seat height of not more than twenty-five inches from the ground when the seat is adjusted to its highest position; or a scooter or similar device regardless of seat height. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291C-1
  • Traffic: means pedestrians, ridden or herded animals, vehicles, and other conveyances either singly or together while using any highway for purposes of travel. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291C-1
  • Traffic-control signal: means any device, whether manually, electrically, or mechanically operated, by which traffic is alternately directed to stop and permitted to proceed. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291C-1
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Treatment episode: means one admission to an accredited hospital or nonhospital facility, or office of a qualified physician, psychologist, licensed clinical social worker, licensed marriage and family therapist, licensed mental health counselor, or advanced practice registered nurse for treatment of alcohol or drug dependence, or both, as stipulated in a prescribed treatment plan and that would generally produce remission in those who complete the treatment. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431M-1
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Trust account: A general term that covers all types of accounts in a trust department, such as estates, guardianships, and agencies. Source: OCC
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • Under the influence of liquor: means that the person concerned has consumed intoxicating liquor sufficient to impair at the particular time under inquiry the person's normal mental faculties or ability to care for oneself and guard against casualty, or sufficient to substantially impair at the time under inquiry that clearness of intellect and control of oneself which the person would otherwise normally possess. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 281-1
  • Unfair labor practice: means any unfair labor practice as defined in sections 377-6 to 377-8. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 377-1
  • Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC
  • Unit: means a physical portion of the planned community designated for separate ownership or occupancy. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 421J-2
  • User: means any person, firm, or corporation legally in possession and responsible for the safe operation of any boiler, pressure system, amusement ride, or elevator and kindred equipment inspected pursuant to this chapter. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 397-3
  • User fees: Fees charged to users of goods or services provided by the government. In levying or authorizing these fees, the legislature determines whether the revenue should go into the treasury or should be available to the agency providing the goods or services.
  • Variable Rate: Having a "variable" rate means that the APR changes from time to time based on fluctuations in an external rate, normally the Prime Rate. This external rate is known as the "index." If the index changes, the variable rate normally changes. Also see Fixed Rate.
  • Vehicle: means every device in, upon, or by which any person or property is or may be transported or drawn upon a roadway or highway, including mopeds and bicycles, but excluding toy bicycles, devices other than bicycles moved by human power, and devices used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291C-1
  • Vendor: means any person, firm, or corporation that sells or distributes any boiler, pressure system, amusement ride, or elevator and kindred equipment required to be inspected pursuant to this chapter. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 397-3
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Wage: means (except as the department may provide under section 387-11) legal tender of the United States or checks on banks convertible into cash on demand at full face value thereof and in addition thereto the reasonable cost as determined by the department, to the employer of furnishing an employee with board, lodging, or other facilities if such board, lodging, or other facilities are customarily furnished by such employer to the employer's employees. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 387-1
  • Wages: means all remuneration for services from whatever source, including commissions and bonuses, remuneration from self-employment, tips or gratuities paid directly to an individual by a customer of the employer and reported to the employer for payroll tax deduction purposes, and the cash value of all remuneration in any medium other than cash. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 385-2
  • Warehouse: means a person engaged in the business of storing goods for hire. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 490:7-102
  • Week: means any period of seven consecutive days as the director may by rule prescribe. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 385-2
  • Wilful violation: means a voluntary act or omission by the employer, as distinguished from an accidental act or omission, that is done with intentional disregard of, or plain indifference to, any standard, rule, citation, or order issued under the authority of this chapter. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 396-3
  • workweek: means a fixed and regularly recurring period of seven consecutive days. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 387-1
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.
  • writing: includes printing and typewriting. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 281-1