Terms Used In Hawaii Revised Statutes > Chapter 712
- Judgement that a criminal defendant has not been proved guilty beyond a reasonable doubt.
- A verdict of "not guilty."
- Administrative revocation: means termination of the respondent's license, and the privilege to operate a vessel underway on or in the waters of the State pursuant to part III, but does not include any revocation imposed under section 291E-61 or 291E-61. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291E-1
- Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
- Alcohol: means ethanol or any substance containing ethanol. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291E-1
- Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
- Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
- Board: means the motor vehicle repair industry board. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 437B-1
- Certified substance abuse counselor: means any person certified by the department of health pursuant to section 321-193(10), or any other substance abuse specialist or medical practitioner the director of health may appoint to carry out the functions of a certified substance abuse counselor under this chapter. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291E-1
- Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
- Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
- Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
- Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
- Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
- county: includes the city and county of Honolulu. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 1-22
- Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
- Director: means the administrative director of the courts or any other person within the judiciary appointed by the director to conduct administrative reviews or hearings or carry out other functions relating to administrative revocation under part III. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291E-1
- Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
- Drug: means any controlled substance, as defined and enumerated in schedules I through IV of chapter 329, or its metabolites. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291E-1
- Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
- Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
- Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
- Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
- Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
- Habeas corpus: A writ that is usually used to bring a prisoner before the court to determine the legality of his imprisonment. It may also be used to bring a person in custody before the court to give testimony, or to be prosecuted.
- Ignition interlock device: means a breath alcohol ignition interlock device that is certified pursuant to section 291E-6 and rules adopted thereunder that, when affixed to the ignition system of a motor vehicle, prevents the vehicle from being started without first testing, and thereafter from being operated without periodically retesting, a deep-lung breath sample of the person required to use the device that indicates the person's alcohol concentration is less than . See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291E-1
- Impair: means to weaken, to lessen in power, to diminish, to damage, or to make worse by diminishing in some material respect or otherwise affecting in an injurious manner. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291E-1
- Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
- Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
- Intoxicant: means alcohol or any drug, as defined in this section. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291E-1
- Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
- Law enforcement officer: means any public servant, whether employed by the State, a county, or by the United States, vested by law with a duty to maintain public order or to make arrests for offenses or to enforce the criminal laws, and includes a conservation and resources enforcement officer as specified in section 199-3. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291E-1
- Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
- License: means any driver's license or any other license or permit to operate a motor vehicle issued under, or granted by, the laws of this State and includes:
(1) Any learner's permit or instruction permit;
(2) The privilege of any person to operate a motor vehicle, regardless of whether the person holds a valid license;
(3) Any nonresident's operating privilege; and
(4) The eligibility, including future eligibility, of any person to apply for a license or privilege to operate a motor vehicle. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291E-1
- Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
- Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
- Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
- Motor vehicle: means any passenger car, truck, truck tractor, motorcycle, or motor scooter, as defined in section 286-2, and the integral parts thereof. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 437B-1
- Motor vehicle mechanic: means any person whether self-employed or employed by another, who, for compensation, engages in the diagnosis or repair of malfunctions of motor vehicles, and may be classified as "intermediate" or "journey worker" as the terms are commonly used in the motor vehicle repair industry. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 437B-1
- Motor vehicle repair dealer: means any person who is, or has in the person's employ, a motor vehicle mechanic licensed under this chapter and who, for compensation, engages in the business of diagnosing or repairing malfunctions of motor vehicles. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 437B-1
- Nolo contendere: No contest-has the same effect as a plea of guilty, as far as the criminal sentence is concerned, but may not be considered as an admission of guilt for any other purpose.
- notice: means the written notice issued to the respondent pursuant to section 291E-33. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291E-1
- Number plates: refer to the number plates or special number plates, which are commonly known as license plates, that are issued under sections 249-9, 249-9. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291E-1
- Operate: means to drive or assume actual physical control of a vehicle upon a public way, street, road, or highway or to navigate or otherwise use or assume physical control of a vessel underway on or in the waters of the State. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291E-1
- Operator: means a person who drives or assumes actual physical control of a vehicle or a person who operates, navigates, or who has an essential role in the operation of a vessel underway. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291E-1
- Personal property: All property that is not real property.
- Place: as used in this part means any building, structure, or place, or any separate part or portion thereof, whether permanent or not, or the ground itself. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 712-1280
- Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
- Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
- Privilege: refers to the authority to operate a vessel underway on or in the waters of the State. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291E-1
- Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
- Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
- Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
- Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
- Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
- Repair of motor vehicles: means all maintenance of and modifications and repairs to motor vehicles, including the rebuilding or restoring of rebuilt vehicles as defined in section 286-2, but excluding repairing tires, changing tires, lubricating vehicles, installing light bulbs, batteries, windshield wiper blades, and other minor accessories, cleaning, adjusting, and replacing spark plugs, replacing oil and air filters, and other minor services, which the board by rule determines may be performed by persons without the skills and knowledge required of motor vehicle mechanics and helpers. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 437B-1
- Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
- Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
- State: means : any state or possession of the United States; the District of Columbia; the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico; the United States Virgin Islands; American Samoa; Guam; any province or territory of the Dominion of Canada; and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, except when the word, in context, clearly refers to the State of Hawaii. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291E-1
- Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
- Temporary permit: means that portion of the notice of administrative revocation that, when completed by a law enforcement officer, permits the respondent to operate a vehicle for thirty days in the case of an alcohol related offense and forty-four days in the case of a drug related offense or until such time as the director may establish under part III. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291E-1
- Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
- Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
- Trusteed surplus: means the aggregate value of the insurer's general state deposits and trusteed assets deposited with a trustee in compliance with section 431:4F-105, plus accrued investment income thereon where such interest is collected by the states for trustees, less the aggregate net amount of all of the insurer's reserves and other liabilities in the United States as determined in accordance with section 431:4F-106. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431:4F-101
- Under the influence: means that a person:
(1) Is under the influence of alcohol in an amount sufficient to impair the person's normal mental faculties or ability to care for the person and guard against casualty;
(2) Is under the influence of any drug that impairs the person's ability to operate the vehicle in a careful and prudent manner;
(3) Has . See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291E-1
- United States branch: means the business unit through which business is transacted within the United States by an alien insurer and the assets and liabilities of the insurer within the United States pertaining to such business. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 431:4F-101
- Vehicle: includes a:
(1) Motor vehicle;
(2) Moped; and
(3) Vessel. See Hawaii Revised Statutes 291E-1
- Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
- Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.