Chapter 1 Easements: By Prescription
Chapter 2 Easements in Gross: Alienation, Inheritance, Assignment
Chapter 3 Easements: Way of Necessity
Chapter 4 Solar Easement
Chapter 5 Uniform Conservation Easement Act
Chapter 6 Easements: WPA Projects
Chapter 7 Oil and Gas: Estates in Land
Chapter 8 Oil and Gas: Cancellation of Contracts and Leases for Oil and Gas
Chapter 9 Oil and Gas: Purchase of and Payment for Crude Oil
Chapter 10 Lapse of Mineral Interest
Chapter 11 Abandoned Railroad Rights-of-Way
Chapter 12 Coal: Estates in Land
Chapter 13 Mineral Estates of Unknown or Missing Owners

Terms Used In Indiana Code > Title 32 > Article 23

  • adjacent mineral producer: means a person that:

    Indiana Code 32-23-13-1

  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • authority: refers to the Indiana stadium and convention building authority created by this chapter. See Indiana Code 5-1-17-1
  • authority: refers to the Indiana finance authority. See Indiana Code 5-1-17.5-4
  • board: refers to the board of directors of the authority. See Indiana Code 5-1-17-2
  • bonds: means bonds, notes, commercial paper, or other evidences of indebtedness. See Indiana Code 5-1-17-3
  • capital improvement board: refers to a capital improvement board of managers created by Indiana Code 5-1-17-4
  • coal bed methane: has the meaning set forth in Indiana Code 32-23-7-0.3
  • coal bed methane estate in land: means the aggregate of all rights in land that affect the coal bed methane:

    Indiana Code 32-23-7-0.4

  • coal bed methane production area: means the area of land determined by the operator in which multiple wells are drilled for a common production purpose. See Indiana Code 32-23-7-0.5
  • coal land: means the coal estate in land that contains coal and is subject to a vested interest by a plaintiff, under this chapter, to the coal lying within the land. See Indiana Code 32-23-12-2
  • coal owner: means a person vested with an undivided fractional fee simple interest or other freehold interest in coal contained within the coal land. See Indiana Code 32-23-12-3
  • commission: refers to the Indiana motorsports commission created by this chapter. See Indiana Code 5-1-17.5-9
  • conservation easement: means a nonpossessory interest of a holder in real property that imposes limitations or affirmative obligations with the purpose of:

    Indiana Code 32-23-5-2

  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • easement in gross of a commercial character: means an easement:

    Indiana Code 32-23-2-1

  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it.
  • Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
  • Highway: includes county bridges and state and county roads, unless otherwise expressly provided. See Indiana Code 1-1-4-5
  • holder: means any of the following:

    Indiana Code 32-23-5-3

  • joint owner: means a person who is a joint tenant, a tenant in common, a tenant by the entirety, or other person who is a coal owner of less than one hundred percent (100%) of an undivided interest in all the coal within the coal land that is sought to be developed. See Indiana Code 32-23-12-4
  • Joint tenancy: A form of property ownership in which two or more parties hold an undivided interest in the same property that was conveyed under the same instrument at the same time. A joint tenant can sell his (her) interest but not dispose of it by will. Upon the death of a joint tenant, his (her) undivided interest is distributed among the surviving joint tenants.
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • mineral interest: means the interest that is created by an instrument that transfers, by:

    Indiana Code 32-23-10-1

  • mineral interest of an unknown or missing owner: means :

    Indiana Code 32-23-13-2

  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
  • oil and gas: means petroleum and mineral oils and gaseous substances of whatever character naturally lying or found beneath the surface of land. See Indiana Code 32-23-7-1
  • oil and gas estate in land: means the aggregate of all rights in land that affect the oil and gas in, on, under, or that may be taken from beneath the surface of the land. See Indiana Code 32-23-7-2
  • passive solar energy system: means a structure specifically designed to retain heat that is derived from solar energy. See Indiana Code 32-23-4-1
  • person in interest: means :

    Indiana Code 32-23-7-4

  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • public utility: has the meaning set forth in Indiana Code 32-23-11-2
  • railroad: refers to a railroad company. See Indiana Code 32-23-11-3
  • right-of-way: means a strip or parcel of real property in which a railroad has acquired an interest for use as a part of the railroad's transportation corridor. See Indiana Code 32-23-11-4
  • solar easement: means an easement obtained for the purpose of exposure of a solar energy device or a passive solar energy system to the direct rays of the sun. See Indiana Code 32-23-4-2
  • solar energy device: means an artifice, an instrument, or the equipment designed to receive the direct rays of the sun and convert the rays into heat, electricity, or another form of energy to provide heating, cooling, or electrical power. See Indiana Code 32-23-4-3
  • Sole ownership: The type of property ownership in which one individual holds legal title to the property and has full control of it.
  • state agency: has the meaning set forth in Indiana Code 5-1-17-5
  • surface rights: means all rights relating to the occupancy, user, or ownership of the surface of land affected by this chapter. See Indiana Code 32-23-7-5
  • Tenancy in common: A type of property ownership in which two or more individuals have an undivided interest in property. At the death of one tenant in common, his (her) fractional percentage of ownership in the property passes to the decedent
  • third party right of enforcement: means a right that is:

    Indiana Code 32-23-5-4

  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • unknown or missing owner: means a person:

    Indiana Code 32-23-13-3