Sections
Part I General Provisions 14:1 – 14:28.1
Part II Offenses Against the Person 14:29 – 14:50.2
Part III Offenses Against Property 14:64 – 14:73.12
Part IV Offenses Affecting the Family 14:74 – 14:79.1
Part VI Offenses Affecting the Public Generally 14:101 – 14:112.4
Part VII Offenses Affecting Organized Government 14:113 – 14:141
Part VIII Concluding Provisions 14:142 – 14:143

Terms Used In Louisiana Revised Statutes > Title 14 > Chapter 1

  • Academic health center: means an organization that has a medical school, one or more other health professional schools or programs, and one or more affiliated teaching hospitals. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 17:1519.1
  • Access: means to program, to execute programs on, to communicate with, store data in, retrieve data from, or otherwise make use of any resources, including data or programs, of a computer, computer system, or computer network. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 14:73.1
  • Acquittal:
    1. Judgement that a criminal defendant has not been proved guilty beyond a reasonable doubt.
    2. A verdict of "not guilty."
     
  • Adjourn: A motion to adjourn a legislative chamber or a committee, if passed, ends that day's session.
  • Administrative board: means the administrative board for the Medical Center of Louisiana at New Orleans created by cooperative endeavor agreement pursuant to R. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 17:1519.1
  • Advertisement: means a commercial message in any medium that aids, promotes, or assists, directly or indirectly, a rental-purchase agreement. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 9:3352
  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • Aggrieved person: means a person who was party to any intercepted wire or oral communication or a person against whom the interception was directed. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 15:1302
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • Allowed update rule: means a rule of a licensing body allowed by R. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 12:1602
  • Amortization: Paying off a loan by regular installments.
  • Annual percentage rate: The cost of credit at a yearly rate. It is calculated in a standard way, taking the average compound interest rate over the term of the loan so borrowers can compare loans. Lenders are required by law to disclose a card account's APR. Source: FDIC
  • Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • apprentice: as used in this Chapter is defined as a worker at least sixteen years of age, except where a higher minimum age standard is otherwise fixed by law, who is employed to learn an apprenticeable occupation pursuant to the standards of apprenticeship as provided for in the Louisiana Administrative Code, Title 40, Part 9, §317 in order to fulfill the requirements of the Louisiana Administrative Code, Title 40, Part 9, §301, and who has entered into a written apprentice agreement with an employer, an association of employers, or an organization of employees, providing for not less than two thousand hours of reasonably continuous employment, and for participation in an approved program of training through employment and through education in related and supplemental subjects. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 23:386
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Architectural-engineering corporation: means a corporation organized pursuant to this Chapter for the practice of architecture as provided for by R. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 12:1171
  • Arraignment: A proceeding in which an individual who is accused of committing a crime is brought into court, told of the charges, and asked to plead guilty or not guilty.
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • articles of incorporation: as used in this Part shall be deemed to include the articles of conversion of a converted corporation. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 12:416
  • Articles of organization: means documents filed under R. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 12:1301
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Assignment: includes any written stock power, bond power, bill of sale, deed, declaration of trust or other instrument of transfer;

    (2)  "Claim of beneficial interest" includes a claim of any interest by a decedent's legatee, distributee, heir or creditor, a beneficiary under a trust, a ward, a beneficial owner of a security registered in the name of a nominee, or a minor owner of a security registered in the name of a custodian, or a claim of any similar interest, whether the claim is asserted by the claimant or by a fiduciary or by any other authorized person on his behalf, and includes a claim that the transfer would be in breach of fiduciary duties;

    (3)  "Corporation" means a private or public corporation, association or trust issuing a security;

    (4)  "Fiduciary" means an executor, administrator, trustee, guardian, committee, conservator, curator, tutor, custodian or nominee;

    (5)  "Person" includes an individual, a corporation, government or governmental subdivision or agency, business trust, estate, trust, partnership or association, two or more persons having a joint or common interest, or any other legal or commercial entity;

    (6)  "Security" includes any share of stock, bond, debenture, note or other security issued by a corporation which is registered as to ownership on the books of the corporation;

    (7)  "Transfer" means a change on the books of a corporation in the registered ownership of a security;

    (8)  "Transfer agent" means a person employed or authorized by a corporation to transfer securities issued by the corporation. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 9:3831

  • Association: means an association organized under this Part. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 12:443
  • Attack: means any attack or series of attacks by an enemy of the United States causing, or which may cause, substantial damage or injury to civilian property or persons in the United States in any manner by sabotage or by the use of bombs, missiles, shellfire, or atomic, radiological, chemical, bacteriological, or biological means or other weapons or processes. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 13:2703
  • Aural transfer: means a transfer containing the human voice at any point between and including the point of origin and the point of reception. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 15:1302
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • Bailiff: a court officer who enforces the rules of behavior in courtrooms.
  • Balanced treatment: means providing whatever information and instruction in both creation and evolution models the classroom teacher determines is necessary and appropriate to provide insight into both theories in view of the textbooks and other instructional materials available for use in his classroom. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 17:286.3
  • Baseline: Projection of the receipts, outlays, and other budget amounts that would ensue in the future without any change in existing policy. Baseline projections are used to gauge the extent to which proposed legislation, if enacted into law, would alter current spending and revenue levels.
  • Bench trial: Trial without a jury in which a judge decides the facts.
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • Board: means the Board of Supervisors of Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 17:1519.1
  • Board of directors: means the board of directors of the corporation created under this Chapter. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 12:951
  • Bonds: means any debt obligations issued by any governmental unit, as hereinafter defined, and shall include, but not by way of limitation, the following: bonds, refunding bonds, notes, and certificates payable from and secured by (a) ad valorem and other taxes, (b) other revenues from whatever source derived, and (c) local or special assessments. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 13:5121
  • Builder: means the person undertaking or contracting to build a ship pursuant to a contract or otherwise. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 9:5522
  • Business: means any trade, occupation, profession, or other commercial activity, including but not limited to professions licensed by a state or other governmental agency whether or not engaged in for profit. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 12:1301
  • Business entity: means any of the following business organizations: business corporation, limited liability company, partnership, partnership in commendam, and registered limited liability partnership. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 12:1602
  • Cash price: means the price at which the lessor would have sold the property to the consumer for cash on the date of the rental-purchase agreement. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 9:3352
  • Cellular tracking device: means a device that transmits or receives radio waves to or from a communications device in a manner that interferes with the normal functioning of the communications device or communications network and that can be used to intercept, collect, access, transfer, or forward the data transmitted or received by the communications device, or stored on the communications device; includes an international mobile subscriber identity (IMSI) catcher or other cell phone or telephone surveillance or eavesdropping device that mimics a cellular base station and transmits radio waves that cause cell phones or other communications devices in the area to transmit or receive radio waves, electronic data, location data, information used to calculate location, identifying information, communications content, or metadata, or otherwise obtains this information through passive means, such as through the use of a digital analyzer or other passive interception device; and does not include any device used or installed by an electric utility solely to the extent such device is used by that utility to measure electrical usage, to provide services to customers, or to operate the electric grid. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 15:1302
  • Certification: means a certificate or certification received from an industry recognized organization or a Work Ready Certificate from the Louisiana Workforce Commission or a competency certification developed by the department. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 15:1199.3
  • Chambers: A judge's office.
  • Chancellor: means either the chancellor of the LSU Health Sciences Center at New Orleans or the chancellor of the LSU Health Sciences Center at Shreveport. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 17:1519.1
  • Chancellors: means both such chancellors. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 17:1519.1
  • Charity: An agency, institution, or organization in existence and operating for the benefit of an indefinite number of persons and conducted for educational, religious, scientific, medical, or other beneficent purposes.
  • Chief judge: The judge who has primary responsibility for the administration of a court but also decides cases; chief judges are determined by seniority.
  • Clerk of court: An officer appointed by the court to work with the chief judge in overseeing the court's administration, especially to assist in managing the flow of cases through the court and to maintain court records.
  • Codicil: An addition, change, or supplement to a will executed with the same formalities required for the will itself.
  • Commission: means the Louisiana Workforce Commission. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 23:1
  • commission: means the Judiciary Commission provided for by Article V, Section 25 of the Constitution of Louisiana. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 13:32
  • Commission: means the Louisiana Commission on Human Rights. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 23:663
  • Commissioner: means the commissioner of the Department of Agriculture and Forestry, or his duly authorized representatives acting at his discretion. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 3:4602
  • Committee membership: Legislators are assigned to specific committees by their party. Seniority, regional balance, and political philosophy are the most prominent factors in the committee assignment process.
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Communication: means the acquiring, recording or transmittal, of any information, in any manner whatsoever, concerning any facts, opinions or statements necessary to enable the health care provider to diagnose, treat, prescribe or to act for the patients; said communications may include, but are not limited to any and all medical records, office records, hospital records, charts, correspondence, memoranda, laboratory tests and results, x-rays, photographs, financial statements, diagnoses and prognoses. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 13:3734
  • communication by wire: means any aural transfer made in whole or in part through the use of facilities used for the transmission of communications by aid of wire, cable, or other like connection between the points of origin and reception, including the use of such connection in a switching station, furnished or operated by any person licensed to engage in providing or operating such facilities for the transmission of communications and such term includes any electronic storage of such communication, and such term includes the radio portion of a cordless, portable, or cellular telephone communication that is transmitted between the cordless, portable, or cellular handset and the base or transmitting tower or unit. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 15:1302
  • Communications common carrier: means any person engaged as a common carrier for hire in communication by wire, radio, or electronic communications; however, a person engaged in commercial radio broadcasting which is supervised by the Federal Communications Commission shall not, insofar as such person is so engaged, be deemed a common carrier. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 15:1302
  • communications device: means any type of instrument, device, or machine that is capable of transmitting or receiving telephonic, electronic, radio, text, or data communications, including but not limited to a cellular telephone, a text-messaging device, a personal digital assistant, a computer, or any other similar wireless device that is designed to engage in a call or communicate text or data. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 15:1302
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Components: means all parts and components of a ship which are fabricated by the builder for use in the construction of the ship, which will, when so used, form a part of the ship and the fabrication of which is commenced at the shipyard. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 9:5522
  • Computer: includes an electronic, magnetic, optical, or other high-speed data processing device or system performing logical, arithmetic, and storage functions, and includes any property, data storage facility, or communications facility directly related to or operating in conjunction with such device or system. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 14:73.1
  • Computer network: means a set of related, remotely connected devices and communication facilities including at least one computer system with capability to transmit data through communication facilities. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 14:73.1
  • Computer program: means an ordered set of data representing coded instructions or statements that when executed by a computer cause the computer to process data. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 14:73.1
  • Computer services: means providing access to or service or data from a computer, a computer system, or a computer network, and also includes but is not limited to data processing services, Internet services, electronic mail services, electronic message services, or information or data stored in connection therewith. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 14:73.1
  • Computer software: means a set of computer programs, procedures, and associated documentation concerned with operation of a computer system. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 14:73.1
  • Computer system: means a set of functionally related, connected or unconnected, computer equipment, devices, or computer software. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 14:73.1
  • Concurrent resolution: A legislative measure, designated "S. Con. Res." and numbered consecutively upon introduction, generally employed to address the sentiments of both chambers, to deal with issues or matters affecting both houses, such as a concurrent budget resolution, or to create a temporary joint committee. Concurrent resolutions are not submitted to the President/Governor and thus do not have the force of law.
  • Conference committee: A temporary, ad hoc panel composed of conferees from both chamber of a legislature which is formed for the purpose of reconciling differences in legislation that has passed both chambers. Conference committees are usually convened to resolve bicameral differences on major and controversial legislation.
  • Constituent entity: means each entity that is a party to a merger or consolidation under this Chapter. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 9:3441
  • Constituent entity: means each limited liability company, partnership, partnership in commendam, limited partnership, or corporation which is party to an agreement of merger or consolidation pursuant to R. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 12:1301
  • Consumer: means a natural person who rents personal property under a rental-purchase agreement to be used primarily for personal, family, or household purposes. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 9:3352
  • Consummation: means the time when a consumer becomes contractually obligated on a rental-purchase agreement. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 9:3352
  • Contents: when used with respect to any wire, electronic, or oral communication includes any information concerning the substance, purport, or meaning of that communication. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 15:1302
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • Contract: means a written agreement for the construction of a ship. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 9:5522
  • Converting entity: means a domestic business corporation or domestic unincorporated entity as it exists before the effective date of an entity conversion under the Business Corporation Act. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 12:1602
  • Cooperative: means a corporation organized under this Part and a corporation which becomes subject to this Part in the manner hereinafter provided. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 12:402
  • corporation: shall mean the nonprofit corporation authorized to be formed by this Part or any corporation succeeding to the principal functions thereof or to which the powers conferred upon the corporation by this Part. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 17:3396.2
  • Corporation: means a private or public corporation, association or trust issuing a security;

    (4)  "Fiduciary" means an executor, administrator, trustee, guardian, committee, conservator, curator, tutor, custodian or nominee;

    (5)  "Person" includes an individual, a corporation, government or governmental subdivision or agency, business trust, estate, trust, partnership or association, two or more persons having a joint or common interest, or any other legal or commercial entity;

    (6)  "Security" includes any share of stock, bond, debenture, note or other security issued by a corporation which is registered as to ownership on the books of the corporation;

    (7)  "Transfer" means a change on the books of a corporation in the registered ownership of a security;

    (8)  "Transfer agent" means a person employed or authorized by a corporation to transfer securities issued by the corporation. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 9:3831

  • Corporation: means a Louisiana industrial development corporation created under this Chapter. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 12:951
  • Corporation: means a corporation formed under the laws of this state or a foreign corporation as defined in R. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 12:1301
  • corporation: means a nonprofit corporation organized under and pursuant to the Nonprofit Corporation Law, as provided in Chapter 2 of Title 12 of the Louisiana Revised Statutes of 1950. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 17:3397.3
  • Cost participation: means fees or other charges through which families share in the cost for early intervention services provided pursuant to the provisions of this Chapter. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 28:462
  • Council: means the Reentry Advisory Council. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 15:1199.3
  • Council: means the Louisiana Workforce Investment Council. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 23:1
  • Council: means the Quality Science and Mathematics Council. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 17:372
  • Counterclaim: A claim that a defendant makes against a plaintiff.
  • Court of competent jurisdiction: means state district courts of general criminal jurisdiction and those courts exercising appellate jurisdiction thereof. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 15:1302
  • Court reporter: A person who makes a word-for-word record of what is said in court and produces a transcript of the proceedings upon request.
  • Craft: means an occupation or trade requiring manual dexterity, specified training, and certification or licensing. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 15:1199.3
  • Creation-science: means the scientific evidences for creation and inferences from those scientific evidences. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 17:286.3
  • Cross examine: Questioning of a witness by the attorney for the other side.
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Delivered by electronic means: means either of the following:

                (a) Delivery to an electronic mail address at which a party has consented to receive notices or documents. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 22:2461

  • Dental practitioner: means anyone issued a permit or licensed to practice under the provisions of Chapter 9 of Title 37, when engaged in such practice, and shall include professional dental corporations and partnerships. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 9:4230
  • Department: means the Louisiana Department of Health. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 28:462
  • Department: means the Louisiana Department of Public Safety and Corrections. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 15:1199.3
  • Department: means the Louisiana Department of Agriculture and Forestry. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 3:4602
  • Department: means the Department of Education. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 17:3602
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • division: means the organizational unit of the LSU Health Sciences Center at New Orleans comprised of the hospitals and administrative personnel immediately responsible for the operation of the division. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 17:1519.1
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • Domestic business entity: means a business entity that is incorporated, organized, or formed under the laws of this state. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 12:1602
  • domestic limited liability company: means an entity that is an unincorporated association having one or more members that is organized and existing under this Chapter. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 12:1301
  • Donee: The recipient of a gift.
  • Donor: The person who makes a gift.
  • Early intervention services: means developmental services that:

                (a) Are provided under public supervision. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 28:462

  • Electronic communication: means any transfer of signs, signals, writings, images, sounds, data, or intelligence of any nature transmitted in whole or in part by a wire, radio, electromagnetic, photoelectronic, or photo-optical system, but does not include any of the following:

                (i) Any oral communication. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 15:1302

  • Electronic communications service: means any service which provides to users thereof the ability to send or receive wire or electronic communications. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 15:1302
  • Electronic funds transfer: The transfer of money between accounts by consumer electronic systems-such as automated teller machines (ATMs) and electronic payment of bills-rather than by check or cash. (Wire transfers, checks, drafts, and paper instruments do not fall into this category.) Source: OCC
  • Electronic mail service provider: means any person who both:

                (a) Is an intermediary in sending or receiving electronic mail. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 14:73.1

  • Embezzlement: In most states, embezzlement is defined as theft/larceny of assets (money or property) by a person in a position of trust or responsibility over those assets. Embezzlement typically occurs in the employment and corporate settings. Source: OCC
  • Employee: means any female individual who is employed to work forty or more hours a week and who is employed by the employer. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 23:663
  • employee: means any person in the employ of the Iberville Parish School Board who is a member of or is eligible for membership in the State Teachers' Retirement System of Louisiana and who is not covered by the provisions of the State Teachers' Tenure Act. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 17:531
  • Employer: means any department, office, division, agency, commission, board, committee or other organizational unit of the state. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 23:663
  • En banc: In the bench or "full bench." Refers to court sessions with the entire membership of a court participating rather than the usual quorum. U.S. courts of appeals usually sit in panels of three judges, but may expand to a larger number in certain cases. They are then said to be sitting en banc.
  • Enrolled bill: The final copy of a bill or joint resolution which has passed both chambers in identical form. It is printed on parchment paper, signed by appropriate officials, and submitted to the President/Governor for signature.
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • Evolution-science: means the scientific evidences for evolution and inferences from those scientific evidences. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 17:286.3
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • Executive session: A portion of the Senate's daily session in which it considers executive business.
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • Federal Reserve System: The central bank of the United States. The Fed, as it is commonly called, regulates the U.S. monetary and financial system. The Federal Reserve System is composed of a central governmental agency in Washington, D.C. (the Board of Governors) and twelve regional Federal Reserve Banks in major cities throughout the United States. Source: OCC
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Financial institution: means any banking corporation or trust company, savings and loan association, insurance company or related corporation, partnership, foundation, or other institution engaged primarily in lending or investing funds. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 12:951
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • Foreign corporation: means a corporation formed under the laws of any state other than this state or under the laws of any foreign country. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 12:1301
  • Foreign limited liability company: means a limited liability company formed under the laws of any state other than this state. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 12:1301
  • Foreign limited partnership: means a limited partnership formed under the laws of any state other than this state or under the laws of any foreign country. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 12:1301
  • Foreign partnership: means a partnership formed under the laws of any state other than this state, or under the laws of any foreign country. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 12:1301
  • Forgery: The fraudulent signing or alteration of another's name to an instrument such as a deed, mortgage, or check. The intent of the forgery is to deceive or defraud. Source: OCC
  • Germane: On the subject of the pending bill or other business; a strict standard of relevance.
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Governing authority: means the governing authority of the city of Ruston. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 19:135
  • Governing authority: means the governing authority of the parish of St. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 19:351
  • Governing body: means the board or body in which the bond issuing power of a governmental unit is vested. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 13:5121
  • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
  • Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
  • Guarantor: A party who agrees to be responsible for the payment of another party's debts should that party default. Source: OCC
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • Habeas corpus: A writ that is usually used to bring a prisoner before the court to determine the legality of his imprisonment. It may also be used to bring a person in custody before the court to give testimony, or to be prosecuted.
  • Health care provider: means a hospital, as defined in this Subsection, and means a person, corporation, facility, or institution licensed by the state to provide health care or professional services as a physician, hospital, dentist, registered or licensed practical nurse, pharmacist, optometrist, podiatrist, chiropractor, physical therapist, psychologist, social worker, or licensed professional counselor and an officer, employee, or agent thereof acting in the course and scope of his employment. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 13:3734
  • Hospital: means any hospital as defined in R. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 13:3734
  • Hull Number: means the number assigned to a ship by the builder. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 9:5522
  • Impeachment: (1) The process of calling something into question, as in "impeaching the testimony of a witness." (2) The constitutional process whereby the House of Representatives may "impeach" (accuse of misconduct) high officers of the federal government for trial in the Senate.
  • In forma pauperis: In the manner of a pauper. Permission given to a person to sue without payment of court fees on claim of indigence or poverty.
  • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • Intangible property: Property that has no intrinsic value, but is merely the evidence of value such as stock certificates, bonds, and promissory notes.
  • Intellectual property: includes data, computer programs, computer software, trade secrets as defined in R. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 14:73.1
  • Inter vivos: Transfer of property from one living person to another living person.
  • Intercept: means the aural or other acquisition of the contents of any wire, oral, or electronic communication through the use of any electronic, mechanical, or other device. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 15:1302
  • interest: means a member's rights in a limited liability company, collectively, including the member's share of the profits and losses of the limited liability company, the right to receive distributions of the limited liability company's assets, and any right to vote or participate in management. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 12:1301
  • Internet-connected device: means a physical object to which both of the following apply:

                (a) Is capable of connecting to, and is in regular connection with, the internet. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 14:73.1

  • Interrogatories: Written questions asked by one party of an opposing party, who must answer them in writing under oath; a discovery device in a lawsuit.
  • Intestate: Dying without leaving a will.
  • inventory value: as used in this Subpart , means the cost of property purchased by the trustee and the market value of other property at the time it became subject to the trust, but in the case of a testamentary trust the trustee may use any value finally determined for the purposes of an estate tax. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 9:2157
  • Investigative or law enforcement officer: means any commissioned state police officer of the Department of Public Safety and Corrections who, in the normal course of his law enforcement duties, is investigating an offense enumerated in this Chapter, and the district attorney authorized by law to prosecute or participate in the prosecution of such offense. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 15:1302
  • Joint resolution: A legislative measure which requires the approval of both chambers.
  • Judge: means the senior judge of a judicial district court of the state, any judge of the Orleans Parish Criminal District Court, or a judge designated by a majority vote of the court in writing in advance to consider applications for warrants or orders under this Chapter. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 15:1302
  • Judgement: The official decision of a court finally determining the respective rights and claims of the parties to a suit.
  • Jurisprudence: The study of law and the structure of the legal system.
  • Juror: A person who is on the jury.
  • Law clerk: Assist judges with research and drafting of opinions.
  • Lawsuit: A legal action started by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a complaint that the defendant failed to perform a legal duty, resulting in harm to the plaintiff.
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Legacy: A gift of property made by will.
  • Legatee: A beneficiary of a decedent
  • Legislative session: That part of a chamber's daily session in which it considers legislative business (bills, resolutions, and actions related thereto).
  • Lessor: means a person who regularly provides the use of property through rental-purchase agreements and to whom rental payments are initially payable on the face of the rental-purchase agreement. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 9:3352
  • License: means any license, permit, or certificate issued by any board, commission, or agency of the state or any of its political subdivisions. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 12:1602
  • Licensing body: means the board, commission, or agency of the state or any of its political subdivisions that issues a license. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 12:1602
  • Limited partnership: means a partnership in commendam formed under the laws of this state or a foreign limited partnership as defined in R. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 12:1301
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • Loan limit: means , for any member, the maximum amount permitted to be outstanding at one time on loans made by such member to the corporation, as determined under the provisions of this Chapter. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 12:951
  • LSU HSC hospitals: means the health care institutions set forth in R. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 17:1519.1
  • LSU HSC-NO hospitals: means all the health care institutions set forth in R. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 17:1519.1
  • LSU HSC-S hospitals: means all the health care institutions set forth in R. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 17:1519.1
  • managers: means a person or persons designated by the members of a limited liability company to manage the limited liability company as provided in its articles of organization. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 12:1301
  • Materials: means all materials (other than piping, cables, fittings, and other materials taken out of builder's stock), all items of machinery, and all items of equipment (other than equipment taken out of builder's stock) which are purchased or acquired for use in the construction of the ship, which will, when so used, form a part of the ship and which have been delivered to the shipyard. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 9:5522
  • Medical Center of Louisiana at New Orleans: means Charity Hospital and the Medical Center of Louisiana at New Orleans including University Hospital at New Orleans. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 17:1519.1
  • Medical institution: means any hospital as defined in R. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 9:4230
  • Medical practitioner: means anyone issued a permit or licensed to practice under the provisions of Chapters 11, 13, or 15 of Title 37, when engaged in such practice, and shall include professional medical corporations and partnerships, pharmacists, optometrists, podiatrists, chiropractors, physical therapists, and psychologists. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 9:4230
  • Medically indigent: means any person whose income is below two hundred percent of the federal poverty level and who is uninsured. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 17:1519.1
  • Member: means each incorporator of a cooperative and each person admitted to and retaining membership therein, and shall include a husband and wife admitted to joint membership. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 12:402
  • Member: means an actual member of an association without capital stock and the holder of common stock in an association organized with capital stock. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 12:443
  • Member: means any financial institution authorized to do business within this state which shall undertake to lend money to a corporation created under this Chapter, upon its call, and in accordance with the provisions of this Chapter. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 12:951
  • Member: means a person with a membership interest in a limited liability company with the rights and obligations specified under this Chapter. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 12:1301
  • Mortgage loan: A loan made by a lender to a borrower for the financing of real property. Source: OCC
  • Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
  • Mortgagor: The person who pledges property to a creditor as collateral for a loan and who receives the money.
  • National Bank: A bank that is subject to the supervision of the Comptroller of the Currency. The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency is a bureau of the U.S. Treasury Department. A national bank can be recognized because it must have "national" or "national association" in its name. Source: OCC
  • National Credit Union Administration: The federal regulatory agency that charters and supervises federal credit unions. (NCUA also administers the National Credit Union Share Insurance Fund, which insures the deposits of federal credit unions.) Source: OCC
  • New entity: means the entity into which constituent entities consolidate, as identified in the agreement or certificate of consolidation provided for in this Chapter. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 9:3441
  • Nolo contendere: No contest-has the same effect as a plea of guilty, as far as the criminal sentence is concerned, but may not be considered as an admission of guilt for any other purpose.
  • Oath: A promise to tell the truth.
  • Operating agreement: means any agreement, written or oral, of the members as to, or in the case of a limited liability company having a single member, any written agreement between the member and the company memorializing the affairs of a limited liability company and the conduct of its business. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 12:1301
  • Oral argument: An opportunity for lawyers to summarize their position before the court and also to answer the judges' questions.
  • Oral communication: means any oral communication uttered by a person exhibiting an expectation that such communication is not subject to interception under circumstances justifying such expectation, but such term does not include any electronic communication. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 15:1302
  • Original bill: A bill which is drafted by a committee. It is introduced by the committee or subcommittee chairman after the committee votes to report it.
  • Outlays: Outlays are payments made (generally through the issuance of checks or disbursement of cash) to liquidate obligations. Outlays during a fiscal year may be for payment of obligations incurred in prior years or in the same year.
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • Parent: means a person who meets the definition of such term in federal regulations relative to early intervention programs for infants and toddlers with disabilities and their families (34 CFR 303. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 28:462
  • Partnership: means a partnership formed under the laws of this state or a foreign partnership as defined in R. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 12:1301
  • Party: means any recipient of any notice or document required as part of an insurance transaction, including but not limited to an applicant, an insured, a policyholder, or an annuity contract holder. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 22:2461
  • Patient: means a natural person who receives health care from a licensed health care provider. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 13:3734
  • Pen register: means a device which records and decodes dialing, routing, addressing, or signaling information transmitted by an instrument or facility from which a wire or electronic communication is transmitted, if the information does not include the contents of the communication. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 15:1302
  • Person: includes any natural person, firm, association, corporation, business trust, partnership, federal agency, state or political subdivision or agency thereof, or any body politic. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 12:402
  • Person: includes individuals, firms, partnerships, corporations, and associations. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 12:443
  • Person: includes an individual, corporation, trust, partnership, joint venture, or other organization. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 9:5522
  • Person: means both plural and singular, as the case demands, and includes individuals, partnerships, corporations, companies, societies, and associations

                (14)(a) Except as provided in Subparagraph (b) of this Paragraph, "petroleum product" means any refined hydrocarbon mixture including motor oil, kerosene, gasoline, gasohol, diesel fuel, aviation fuel, heating kerosene, and any blend of two or more refined hydrocarbon mixtures except liquefied petroleum gas and natural gas. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 3:4602

  • Person: means a natural person, corporation, partnership, limited partnership, domestic or foreign limited liability company, joint venture, trust including a common law trust, business trust, statutory trust, voting trust, or any other form of trust, estate, or association. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 12:1301
  • Person: means any employee or agent of the state or a political subdivision thereof, and any individual, partnership, association, joint stock company, trust, or corporation. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 15:1302
  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • Petit jury: A group of citizens who hear the evidence presented by both sides at trial and determine the facts in dispute. Federal criminal juries consist of 12 persons. Federal civil juries consist of six persons.
  • PIPS: means units by which the effort and quality of improvement activities are measured. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 17:3602
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Plan: means an uncompleted professional improvement program. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 17:3602
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
  • President pro tempore: A constitutionally recognized officer of the Senate who presides over the chamber in the absence of the Vice President. The President Pro Tempore (or, "president for a time") is elected by the Senate and is, by custom, the Senator of the majority party with the longest record of continuous service.
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • Pro se: A Latin term meaning "on one's own behalf"; in courts, it refers to persons who present their own cases without lawyers.
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Probate: Proving a will
  • Probation officers: Screen applicants for pretrial release and monitor convicted offenders released under court supervision.
  • Professional accounting corporation: means a corporation organized pursuant to this Chapter and meeting the requirements to obtain a permit as a certified professional accounting firm as provided for by the Louisiana Accountancy Act, R. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 12:1011
  • Professional architectural corporation: means a corporation organized pursuant to this Chapter for the practice of architecture as provided for by R. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 12:1086
  • Professional chiropractic corporation: means a corporation organized pursuant to this Chapter for the practice of chiropractic. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 12:1051
  • Professional dental corporation: means a corporation organized pursuant to this Chapter for the practice of dentistry. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 12:981
  • Professional nursing corporation: means a corporation organized pursuant to this Chapter for the practice of nursing. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 12:1071
  • professional occupational therapy corporation: means a corporation organized pursuant to this Chapter for the practice of occupational therapy. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 12:1190
  • Professional Optometry Corporation: means a corporation organized pursuant to this Chapter for the practice of optometry as provided for by R. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 12:1110
  • Professional psychology corporation: means a corporation organized pursuant to this Chapter for the practice of psychology. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 12:1130
  • Professional social work corporation: means a corporation organized pursuant to this Chapter for the practice of social work. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 12:1400
  • Professional veterinary medicine corporation: means a corporation organized pursuant to this Chapter for the practice of veterinary medicine. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 12:1151
  • Program: means the inmate rehabilitation and workforce development program operated by the Department of Public Safety and Corrections as authorized by the provisions of this Part. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 15:1199.3
  • Program: means the Quality Science and Mathematics Program. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 17:372
  • Program: means a completed five-year professional improvement program, or refers to the subject of this Chapter. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 17:3602
  • Proper means: includes :

                (a) Discovery by independent invention. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 14:73.1

  • property: means immovable property, including servitudes and other rights in or to immovable property. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 19:1
  • property: means immovable property, including servitudes and other rights in or to immovable property, and any electric light, gas or waterworks plants. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 19:101
  • property: means any portion of immovable property, including servitudes and other rights in or to immovable property, where there are no buildings or structures for support or shelter. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 19:121
  • property: means any portion of immovable property, including servitudes and other rights in or to immovable property, and the term "governing authority" means the governing authority of the parish of East Baton Rouge and the city of Baton Rouge. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 19:131
  • property: means any portion of immovable property, including servitudes, rights-of-way, and other rights in or to immovable property, where there are no buildings or structures for support or shelter; the term "governing authority" means the governing authority of the city of Alexandria or the governing authority of the city of New Orleans. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 19:132
  • property: means any portion of immovable property, including servitudes, rights of way, and other rights in or to immovable property; the term "governing authority" means the governing authority of the town of Colfax; and the term "project" means the Aloha-Rigolette Area Louisiana Project. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 19:133
  • property: means any portion of immovable property, including servitudes, rights-of-way, and other rights in or to immovable property, where there are no buildings or structures for support or shelter; the term "governing authority" means the governing authority of the parish of Calcasieu or the city of Lake Charles. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 19:134
  • Property: means any portion of immovable property, including servitudes, rights-of-way, and other rights in or to immovable property. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 19:135
  • property: means any portion of immovable property, including servitudes, rights of way, and other rights in or to immovable property; the term "governing authority" means the governing authority of the city of Pineville; and the term "project" means the Susek Drive Project. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 19:138
  • property: means any portion of immovable property, including servitudes, rights-of-way, and other rights in or to immovable property; the term "governing authority" means the city of Lafayette and parish of Lafayette; and the term "project" means the Kaliste Saloom Road Widening Project or the construction, repair, or enhancement of drainage, roads, or bridges. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 19:139
  • property: means any portion of immovable property including servitudes, rights-of-way, and other rights in or to immovable property, but shall not include any property, utility plant, or facilities owned by any private waterworks or sewerage system. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 19:251
  • property: means any portion of immovable property including servitudes, rights-of-way, and other rights in or to immovable property, but shall not include any property, utility plant, or facilities owned by any private waterworks or sewerage system. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 19:271
  • property: means any portion of immovable property including servitudes, rights of way, and other rights in or to immovable property, but shall not include any property, utility plant, or facilities owned by any private waterworks or sewerage system. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 19:291
  • property: means any portion of immovable property including servitudes, rights-of-way, and other rights in or to immovable property. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 19:311
  • Property: means any portion of immovable property, including servitudes, rights-of-way, and other rights in or to immovable property. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 19:351
  • Property: means property as defined in R. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 14:73.1
  • Property disclosure document: means a document in a form prescribed by the Louisiana Real Estate Commission, or a form that contains at least the minimum language prescribed by the commission, which is presented by the seller to the purchaser in the manner set forth in R. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 9:3196
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • Public defender: Represent defendants who can't afford an attorney in criminal matters.
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • Public School: means any public elementary, middle, junior high, or high school in this state. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 17:3602
  • Purchaser: means a transferee or prospective transferee in any of the types of transactions described in R. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 9:3196
  • Purchaser: means the person for whom a ship is to be constructed pursuant to a contract. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 9:5522
  • Real estate contract: means any written agreement, entered into prior to the perfection of the contract of sale or contract to lease or otherwise with an option to purchase, which relates to the sale, offer for sale, purchase, offer to purchase, lease with option to purchase, offer to lease with option to purchase, any other option to purchase, or any other offer which includes an option to purchase any residential real property or improvements thereon. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 9:3196
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • Recess: A temporary interruption of the legislative business.
  • Rental-purchase agreement: means an agreement for the use of personal property by a natural person primarily for personal, family, or household purposes for an initial period of four months or less, that is automatically renewable with each payment after the initial period, but that does not obligate or require the consumer to continue renting or using the property beyond the initial period, and that permits the consumer to become the owner of the property. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 9:3352
  • Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
  • Representative: means the spouse, parent, tutor, curator, trustee, attorney or other legal agent of the patient. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 13:3734
  • Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
  • Residential real property: means real property consisting of one or not more than four residential dwelling units, which are buildings or structures each of which are occupied or intended for occupancy as single family residences. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 9:3196
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • Revocable trust: A trust agreement that can be canceled, rescinded, revoked, or repealed by the grantor (person who establishes the trust).
  • school bus operator: means any employee of any city, parish, or other local public school board whose duty it is to transport students in any board school bus or activity bus to and from any school of suitable grade approved by the state Department of Education or to and from any school-related activity. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 17:491
  • Sea food products: include shrimp, clams, fish, crabs, lobsters, and all other sea foods, as well as all by-products of sea foods. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 12:443
  • Secretary: means the secretary of the commission. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 23:1
  • Secretary: means the secretary of the Louisiana Department of Public Safety and Corrections. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 15:1199.3
  • Seller: means an owner of residential real property, whether an individual, partnership, corporation, or trust, who sells or attempts to sell residential real property in a manner described in R. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 9:3196
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • Ship: means a tug, pushboat, pullboat, barge, dredge, or other vessel or watercraft of more than fifty tons gross weight to be constructed within the state of Louisiana. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 9:5522
  • Shipyard: means the shipyard or place of business where a ship is to be constructed. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 9:5522
  • Skilled craftsman: means a person who has completed training and certification or licensing in a skilled craft or an apprentice occupation as defined by the Louisiana Workforce Commission which may include but is not limited to electrician, plumber, pipefitter, welder, millwright, heavy equipment operator, carpenter, heating, ventilation and air-conditioning technician, heavy construction, building construction, or machinist. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 15:1199.3
  • Skins and furs: include all the skins and furs of all quadrupeds valuable for their skins or furs, including but not limited to alligators, minks, otter, muskrats, beaver, raccoons, opossums, weasels, spotted skunks, or "civet cats". See Louisiana Revised Statutes 12:443
  • State: means a state, territory, or possession of the United States, the District of Columbia, or the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 12:1301
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Subpoena duces tecum: A command to a witness to produce documents.
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Surviving entity: means the constituent entity surviving a merger, as identified in the agreement or certificate of merger provided for in this Chapter. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 9:3441
  • Surviving entity: means a domestic business corporation or domestic unincorporated entity as it exists immediately after the consummation of an entity conversion under the Business Corporation Act. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 12:1602
  • Task force: means a parish or regional council comprised of governmental leaders and agency representatives from applicable state, tribal, or local entities, service providers, nonprofit organizations, and key stakeholders. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 15:1199.3
  • Teacher: means any employee of a parish or city school board who holds a teacher's certificate and whose legal employment requires such teacher's certificate. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 17:372
  • Teacher: means any public school classroom teacher, librarian, guidance counselor, secondary vocational instructor, principal, assistant principal, or other personnel for whom a valid Louisiana teaching certificate is required for employment; any teacher in an institution which offers thirteenth and fourteenth grade instruction; any speech therapist who possesses a valid Louisiana ancillary certificate issued by the State Board of Elementary and Secondary Education; and any instructor seeking to continue in the program who has been transferred from the Department of Public Safety and Corrections to vocational-technical schools under the State Board of Elementary and Secondary Education. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 17:3602
  • teacher: shall include any member of the teaching staff of a public school in the state and any social worker or school psychologist employed by a local school board in the state who holds a valid professional ancillary certificate in school social work or school psychology issued by the state Department of Education. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 17:1211
  • Teaching certificate: means a certificate issued by the department to school personnel pursuant to the requirements fixed by the department or by law. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 17:3602
  • teaching staff: shall include any person employed by a city, parish, or other local public school board in the state of Louisiana who holds a valid teaching certificate issued by the state Department of Education and any social worker, guidance counselor, school nurse, audiologist, educational diagnostician, speech-language pathologist, or school psychologist employed by a city, parish, or other local public school board in the state who holds the appropriate valid professional ancillary certificate issued by the state Department of Education. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 17:1170
  • Temporary restraining order: Prohibits a person from an action that is likely to cause irreparable harm. This differs from an injunction in that it may be granted immediately, without notice to the opposing party, and without a hearing. It is intended to last only until a hearing can be held.
  • Testate: To die leaving a will.
  • Testator: A male person who leaves a will at death.
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Trap and trace device: means a device or electronic means which captures the incoming electronic or other impulses which identify the originating number of an instrument or device from which a wire or electronic communication was transmitted, except that it shall not include a service, device, or electronic means tariffed by the Louisiana Public Service Commission, used by a subscriber of telecommunicational services to receive the telephone numbers for calls placed to the subscriber. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 15:1302
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Trial jury: A group of citizens who hear the evidence presented by both sides at trial and determine the facts in dispute. Federal criminal juries consist of 12 persons. Federal civil juries consist of six persons.
  • Trust account: A general term that covers all types of accounts in a trust department, such as estates, guardianships, and agencies. Source: OCC
  • Truth in Lending Act: The Truth in Lending Act is a federal law that requires lenders to provide standardized information so that borrowers can compare loan terms. In general, lenders must provide information on Source: OCC
  • Unavailable: means either that a vacancy in office exists, or that the lawful incumbent of the office is absent or unable to exercise the powers and discharge the duties of the office. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 13:2703
  • Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC
  • University Hospital Shreveport: means Louisiana State University Hospital Shreveport, which merged with the LSU Health Sciences Center at Shreveport pursuant to R. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 17:1519.1
  • Unsolicited bulk electronic mail: means any electronic message which is developed and distributed in an effort to sell or lease consumer goods or services and is sent in the same or substantially similar form to more than one thousand recipients. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 14:73.1
  • Usury: Charging an illegally high interest rate on a loan. Source: OCC
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • Voir dire: The process by which judges and lawyers select a petit jury from among those eligible to serve, by questioning them to determine knowledge of the facts of the case and a willingness to decide the case only on the evidence presented in court. "Voir dire" is a phrase meaning "to speak the truth."
  • Work: means in the case of a ship having a keel, the keel, and in the case of a ship not having a keel, the bottom plates, and all materials, machinery, equipment, components, and fabrications forming a part of the ship when permanently installed in place. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 9:5522
  • Workforce development work release: means a program for on-the-job training of inmates who are participating in or have completed the inmate rehabilitation and workforce development program authorized by the provisions of this Part. See Louisiana Revised Statutes 15:1199.3
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.
  • Writ of certiorari: An order issued by the Supreme Court directing the lower court to transmit records for a case for which it will hear on appeal.