Sections
Subchapter 1 General Provisions 1201-A – 1210
Subchapter 1-A Jury Service 1211 – 1219
Subchapter 2 Commissioners 1251-A – 1257
Subchapter 3 Challenges 1301 – 1303
Subchapter 4 Verdicts 1351 – 1354

Terms Used In Maine Revised Statutes > Title 14 > Part 3 > Chapter 305

  • Abuse: includes , but is not limited to, rape or sexual assault, the striking of an individual, the use of excessive force in the use of bodily restraints, the use of bodily or chemical restraints in a manner that is not in compliance with federal and state laws, regulations and rules and verbal, nonverbal, mental and emotional harassment. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 14 Sec. 1211
  • Adult: means a person who has attained the age of 18 years. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 15 Sec. 225
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Agency: means the protection and advocacy agency for persons with disabilities, designated by the Governor. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 14 Sec. 1211
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • Barrier: means any wire, cable, cable wire, chain link, lumber, gate or other similar device placed or erected across a town way for the purpose of barring access to that way. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 23 Sec. 3271
  • Bureau: means the Department of Health and Human Services, Bureau of Health. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 14 Sec. 1202-A
  • Clerk of court: An officer appointed by the court to work with the chief judge in overseeing the court's administration, especially to assist in managing the flow of cases through the court and to maintain court records.
  • Commissioner: means the Commissioner of Inland Fisheries and Wildlife. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 30-A Sec. 3403
  • Commissioner: means the Commissioner of Transportation. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 23 Sec. 4203
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Complaint: means , but is not limited to, any report or communication, formal or informal, written or oral, including media accounts and telephone calls from any source, including anonymous calls, alleging abuse or neglect of a person with a disability. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 14 Sec. 1211
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Council: means the Maine Children's Growth Council established in subsection 2. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 14 Sec. 1252-D
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Department: means the Department of Inland Fisheries and Wildlife. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 30-A Sec. 3403
  • Department: means the Department of Transportation. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 23 Sec. 4203
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • Exploitation: means the illegal or improper use of an individual or the individual's resources for another's profit or advantage. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 14 Sec. 1211
  • Facility: includes any facility providing services, supports and other assistance or residential services or treatment that operates without a license that is required by law, ordinance or rule. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 14 Sec. 1211
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • Fiscal agent: means an incorporated community organization, agency or institution designated by a community-based AIDS organization and authorized by the bureau to receive and distribute grants to that community-based AIDS organization. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 14 Sec. 1202-A
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Fish: means a cold-blooded, completely aquatic vertebrate characteristically having gills, fins and an elongated streamlined body usually covered with scales and includes any physical part of a fish. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 30-A Sec. 3403
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Genetic information: means the information concerning genes, gene products or inherited characteristics that may be obtained from an individual or family member. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 14 Sec. 1206
  • Genetic test: means a test for determining the presence or absence of an inherited genetic characteristic in an individual, including tests of nucleic acids such as deoxyribonucleic acid, or DNA, ribonucleic acid, or RNA, or mitochondrial DNA, and tests of chromosomes or proteins in order to identify a predisposing genetic characteristic. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 14 Sec. 1206
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
  • Gross estate: The total fair market value of all property and property interests, real and personal, tangible and intangible, of which a decedent had beneficial ownership at the time of death before subtractions for deductions, debts, administrative expenses, and casualty losses suffered during estate administration.
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • in writing: include printing and other modes of making legible words. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 15 Sec. 225
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • Inland waters: means all waters within the State above the rise and fall of the tide and wholly or partially within the territorial limits of the State, except private ponds as defined in subsection 51. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 30-A Sec. 3403
  • Intestate: Dying without leaving a will.
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Juror: A person who is on the jury.
  • lands: includes lands and all tenements and hereditaments connected therewith, and all rights thereto and interests therein. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 15 Sec. 225
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • Majority: when used in reference to age shall mean the age of 18 and over. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 15 Sec. 225
  • Mental illness: means a significant mental illness or emotional impairment, as determined by a qualified mental health professional. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 14 Sec. 1211
  • Month: means a calendar month. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 15 Sec. 225
  • Municipal officers: means the mayor and aldermen or councillors of a city, the selectmen or councillors of a town and the assessors of a plantation. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 15 Sec. 225
  • Municipality: includes cities, towns and plantations, except that "municipality" does not include plantations in Title 10, chapter 110, subchapter IV; or Title 30-A, Part 2. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 15 Sec. 225
  • Neglect: means a negligent act or omission that causes or may cause an individual's injury or death or that places an individual at risk of injury or death. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 14 Sec. 1211
  • Oath: includes an affirmation, when affirmation is allowed. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 15 Sec. 225
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • person: as used in this Title shall be construed to import both the singular and the plural, as the case demands, and shall include corporations, companies, societies and associations. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 14 Sec. 1351
  • Person: means a human being or an organization. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 30-A Sec. 3403
  • Person with a disability: means a person with a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more of the major life activities of that person and includes, but is not limited to, a person with a developmental disability, a learning disability or a mental illness. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 14 Sec. 1211
  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • Personnel: means staff employed by the agency. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 14 Sec. 1211
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • Private pond: means an artifically constructed pond impounded within the limits of the riparian owner, even though the water is not supplied directly from a brook, stream or river. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 30-A Sec. 3403
  • Pro se: A Latin term meaning "on one's own behalf"; in courts, it refers to persons who present their own cases without lawyers.
  • Probable cause: means a reasonable ground for belief that a person with a disability has been or may be subject to abuse or neglect. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 14 Sec. 1211
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Probate: Proving a will
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Real estate: includes lands and all tenements and hereditaments connected therewith, and all rights thereto and interests therein. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 15 Sec. 225
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • River herring: means the species Alosa pseudoharengus, commonly called alewife, and Alosa aestivalis, commonly called blueback herring. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 30-A Sec. 3403
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • Statewide AIDS alliance: means a statewide coalition of community-based AIDS organizations having at least one representative from each member organization. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 14 Sec. 1202-A
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Testator: A male person who leaves a will at death.
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Town: includes cities and plantations, unless otherwise expressed or implied. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 15 Sec. 225
  • Town way: means an area or strip of land designated and held by a municipality for passage by motor vehicles. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 23 Sec. 3271
  • Transportation: means any form of transportation for people or goods within, to or from the State, whether by highway, air, water or rail. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 23 Sec. 4203
  • Transportation infrastructure: means infrastructure related to all modes of transportation, including highways, bridges, railroads, ferries, mass transit, airports and bicycle and pedestrian facilities, as well as all buildings, utilities, facilities and other appurtenances related to those modes. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 23 Sec. 4241
  • Transportation-related services: means all services necessary or convenient to discharge the powers, duties and responsibilities of the department and the commissioner as provided by law including those provided in section 4206. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 23 Sec. 4241
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • United States: includes territories and the District of Columbia. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 15 Sec. 225
  • User fees: Fees charged to users of goods or services provided by the government. In levying or authorizing these fees, the legislature determines whether the revenue should go into the treasury or should be available to the agency providing the goods or services.
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • Voir dire: The process by which judges and lawyers select a petit jury from among those eligible to serve, by questioning them to determine knowledge of the facts of the case and a willingness to decide the case only on the evidence presented in court. "Voir dire" is a phrase meaning "to speak the truth."
  • Year: means a calendar year, unless otherwise expressed. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 15 Sec. 225
  • Young children: means children from birth through 5 years of age. See Maine Revised Statutes Title 14 Sec. 1252-D