Terms Used In Michigan Laws > Chapter 8 > R.S. of 1846 > Chapter 1 - Of the Statutes
- Absent voter: is a voter who utilizes the process described in section 759. See Michigan Laws 168.2
- Ad valorem general property tax: means taxes levied under the general property tax act, 1893 PA 206, MCL 211. See Michigan Laws 324.51101
- Adjourn: A motion to adjourn a legislative chamber or a committee, if passed, ends that day's session.
- Administrative act: includes an action, omission, decision, recommendation, practice, or other procedure of the department. See Michigan Laws 4.351
- Administrative act: includes an action, omission, decision, recommendation, practice, or other procedure of the department. See Michigan Laws 4.771
- Advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
- Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
- All hazard incident: means an incident, whether natural or human-caused, that requires an organized response by a public, private, or governmental entity to protect life, public health or safety, or other values or to minimize any disruption of governmental, social, or economic services. See Michigan Laws 324.51501
- Allegation: something that someone says happened.
- Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
- annual meeting: when applied to townships, mean the annual meeting required by law to be held on the Saturday immediately preceding the first Monday in April. See Michigan Laws 8.3d
- Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
- Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
- Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
- Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
- Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
- Authority: means the Michigan forest finance authority created in section 50503. See Michigan Laws 324.50502
- Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
- Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
- Biofuel: means any renewable liquid or gas fuel offered for sale as a fuel that is derived from recently living organisms or their metabolic by-products and meets applicable quality standards, including, but not limited to, ethanol, ethanol-blended fuel, biodiesel, and biodiesel blends. See Michigan Laws 324.12101
- Biogas: means a biofuel that is a gas. See Michigan Laws 324.12101
- Board: means the board of directors of the Michigan forest finance authority, except where the context clearly requires a different definition. See Michigan Laws 324.50502
- Bonds: means bonds of the authority issued as provided in this part. See Michigan Laws 324.50502
- Breast height: means 4. See Michigan Laws 324.52501
- Brine: means a liquid produced as a by-product of oil or natural gas production or exploration. See Michigan Laws 324.12101
- Bureau: means the legislative service bureau. See Michigan Laws 4.1102
- by-product: means any material that is produced by, is incident to, or results from industrial, commercial, or governmental activity or any other activity or enterprise, that is determined to be liquid by method 9095 (paint filter liquids test) as described in "Test methods for evaluating solid wastes, physical/chemical methods" United States Environmental Protection Agency publication no. See Michigan Laws 324.12101
- Caucus: From the Algonquian Indian language, a caucus meant "to meet together." An informal organization of members of the legislature that exists to discuss issues of mutual concern and possibly to perform legislative research and policy planning for its members. There are regional, political or ideological, ethnic, and economic-based caucuses.
- Certification: means a process where an independent third party organization assesses and evaluates forest management practices according to the standards of a certification program resulting in an issuance of a certificate of compliance or conformity. See Michigan Laws 324.52501
- Certification program: means a program that develops specific standards that measure whether forest management practices are consistent with principles of sustainable forestry. See Michigan Laws 324.52501
- Certified health department: means a city, county, or district department of health certified under section 11716. See Michigan Laws 324.11701
- Certified prescribed burn manager: means an individual who has successfully completed the certification program of the department under section 51513 and possesses a valid certification number. See Michigan Laws 324.51501
- Cesspool: means a cavity in the ground that receives waste to be partially absorbed directly or indirectly by the surrounding soil. See Michigan Laws 324.11701
- city: whenever used in this act , shall be construed to mean a city incorporated under this act, or made subject to its provisions. See Michigan Laws 113.10
- commercial forestland: means forestland that is determined to be a commercial forest under section 51104. See Michigan Laws 324.51101
- Commercial forestland: means commercial forestland that is enrolled under part 511. See Michigan Laws 324.51201
- Commission: means the Michigan law revision commission. See Michigan Laws 4.1102
- Commission: means the commission of agriculture and rural development. See Michigan Laws 324.51301
- Commission: means the commission of natural resources. See Michigan Laws 324.301
- Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
- Compensation: means salaries. See Michigan Laws 4.511
- Complainant: means a prisoner or legislator who files a complaint under section 4. See Michigan Laws 4.351
- Complainant: means a resident veteran, family member of a resident veteran, legal guardian or individual with power of attorney for a resident veteran, or legislator who files a complaint under section 4. See Michigan Laws 4.771
- Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
- Conference committee: A temporary, ad hoc panel composed of conferees from both chamber of a legislature which is formed for the purpose of reconciling differences in legislation that has passed both chambers. Conference committees are usually convened to resolve bicameral differences on major and controversial legislation.
- Conference report: The compromise product negotiated by the conference committee. The "conference report" is submitted to each chamber for its consideration, such as approval or disapproval.
- Conservation: means the wise use of natural resources. See Michigan Laws 324.52501
- Container: means any portable device in which a liquid industrial by-product is stored, transported, treated, or otherwise handled. See Michigan Laws 324.12101
- Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
- Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
- Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
- Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
- Costs: means 1 or more of the following costs that may be chargeable to the waste management project as a capital cost under generally acceptable accounting principles:
(i) The cost or fair market value of the acquisition or construction of lands, property rights, utility extensions, disposal facilities, buildings, structures, fixtures, machinery, equipment, access roads, easements, and franchises. See Michigan Laws 324.11901
Council: means the legislative council. See Michigan Laws 4.1102 Council: means the legislative council established under section 15 of article IV of the state constitution of 1963. See Michigan Laws 4.351 Council: means the legislative council established under section 15 of article IV of the state constitution of 1963. See Michigan Laws 4.771 Council administrator: means the chief executive officer of all legislative council agencies. See Michigan Laws 4.1102 Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries. declassification: means the removal of the commercial forest designation pursuant to section 51116. See Michigan Laws 324.51101 Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another. Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime. Department: means the department of environmental quality or its authorized agent. See Michigan Laws 324.11701 Department: means the department of environmental quality. See Michigan Laws 324.12101 Department: means the department of treasury. See Michigan Laws 141.2103 Department: means the department of natural resources. See Michigan Laws 324.51201 Department: means the department of corrections. See Michigan Laws 4.351 Department: means the department of agriculture and rural development. See Michigan Laws 324.51301 Department: means the department of military and veterans affairs. See Michigan Laws 4.771 Department: means the director of the department of natural resources or his or her designee to whom the director delegates a power or duty by written instrument. See Michigan Laws 324.301 Department: means the department of natural resources. See Michigan Laws 324.51501 Department of natural resources: means the principal state department created in section 501. See Michigan Laws 324.301 Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another. Designated facility: means a treatment facility, storage facility, disposal facility, or reclamation facility that receives liquid industrial by-product from off-site. See Michigan Laws 324.12101 Devise: To gift property by will. Director: means the director of the department of environmental quality or his or her designee. See Michigan Laws 324.11701 Director: means the director of the department. See Michigan Laws 324.12101 Director: means the director of the department or his or her designee. See Michigan Laws 324.51301 Director: means the director of the department of natural resources. See Michigan Laws 324.301 Discarded: means any of the following:
(i) Abandoned by being disposed of, burned, or incinerated; or accumulated, stored, or treated before, or instead of, being abandoned. See Michigan Laws 324.12101
Discharge: means the accidental or intentional spilling, leaking, pumping, releasing, pouring, emitting, emptying, or dumping of liquid industrial by-product into the land, air, or water. See Michigan Laws 324.12101 Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial. Disposal: means the abandonment, discharge, deposit, injection, dumping, spilling, leaking, or placing of a liquid industrial by-product into or on land or water in such a manner that the liquid industrial by-product may enter the environment, or be emitted into the air, or discharged into surface water or groundwater. See Michigan Laws 324.12101 Disposal facility: means a facility or a part of a facility at which liquid industrial by-product is disposed. See Michigan Laws 324.12101 Domestic purposes: refers to burning that is any of the following:
(i) A fire within the curtilage of a dwelling where the material being burned has been properly placed in a debris burner constructed of metal or masonry, with a metal covering device with openings no larger than 3/4 of an inch. See Michigan Laws 324.51501
Domestic septage: means liquid or solid material removed from a septic tank, cesspool, portable toilet, type III marine sanitation device, or similar storage or treatment works that receives only domestic sewage. See Michigan Laws 324.11701 Domestic sewage: means waste and wastewater from humans or household operations. See Michigan Laws 324.11701 Domestic treatment plant septage: means biosolids generated during the treatment of domestic sewage in a treatment works and transported to a receiving facility or managed in accordance with a residuals management program approved by the department. See Michigan Laws 324.11701 Election: means an election or primary election at which the electors of this state or of a subdivision of this state choose or nominate by ballot an individual for public office or decide a ballot question lawfully submitted to them. See Michigan Laws 168.2 election precinct: as used in this act shall mean a political subdivision, the area of which is embraced in its entirety within the confines of a city, ward, township or village, and for which not more than 1 polling place is provided for all qualified and registered electors residing therein. See Michigan Laws 168.654 Electronic: means relating to technology having electrical, digital, magnetic, wireless, optical, electromagnetic, or similar capabilities. See Michigan Laws 4.1121 Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs. Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met. Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other. Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office. Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent Expenses: means expenses incurred by the legislator in connection with the discharge of his official duties. See Michigan Laws 4.511 Facility: means all contiguous land and structures, other appurtenances, and improvements on land for treating, storing, disposing of, or reclamation of liquid industrial by-product. See Michigan Laws 324.12101 facility: means a Michigan veterans' facility established under 1885 PA 152, MCL 36. See Michigan Laws 4.771 Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller. Farm operation: means that term as defined in section 2 of the Michigan right to farm act, 1981 PA 93, MCL 286. See Michigan Laws 324.11701 Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator. Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006. Flammable material: means any substance that will burn, including, but not limited to, refuse, debris, waste forest material, brush, stumps, logs, rubbish, fallen timber, grass, stubble, leaves, fallow land, slash, crops, or crop residue. See Michigan Laws 324.51501 Follow-up work: means forest practices to promote the survival of seeds or seedlings or the protection or enhancement of other work previously undertaken under this part. See Michigan Laws 324.51301 Food establishment septage: means material pumped from a grease interceptor, grease trap, or other appurtenance used to retain grease or other fatty substances contained in restaurant wastes and that is blended into a uniform mixture, consisting of not more than 1 part of that restaurant-derived material per 3 parts of domestic septage prior to land application or is disposed of at a receiving facility. See Michigan Laws 324.11701 Forbearance: A means of handling a delinquent loan. A Forest improvement project: means any of the following:
(i) Production, processing, handling, storage, marketing, or transportation of forest resources, including sawmills, hardboard mills, power stations, warehouses, air and water pollution control equipment, and solid waste disposal facilities. See Michigan Laws 324.51301
Forest management operations and practices: means activities related to the harvesting, reforestation, and other forest management, including, but not limited to, road access for silviculture activity and forest thinning, pest control, disease control, fertilization, forest protection, and wildlife management, that are consistent with principles of sustainable forestry. See Michigan Laws 324.50502 Forest management plan: means a written plan prepared and signed by a registered forester or a natural resources professional that prescribes measures to optimize production, utilization, and regeneration of forest resources. See Michigan Laws 324.51101 Forest practice: means that term as it is defined in section 7jj of the general property tax act, 1893 PA 206, MCL 211. See Michigan Laws 324.51301 Forest resources: means those products, uses, and values associated with forestland, including recreation and aesthetics, fish, forage, soil, timber, watershed, wilderness, and wildlife. See Michigan Laws 324.51301 Forestland: means a tract of land that may include nonproductive land that is intermixed with productive land that is an integral part of a managed forest and that meets all the following:
(i) Does not have material natural resources other than those resources suitable for forest growth or the potential for forest growth. See Michigan Laws 324.51101
Forestland: means that term as defined in part 511. See Michigan Laws 324.51201 Forestland: means a tract of land that may include nonproductive land that is intermixed with productive land that is an integral part of a managed forest and the owner of which agrees to develop, maintain, and actively manage the land as a private forest through planting, natural reproduction, or other silvicultural practices. See Michigan Laws 324.51301 Forestry commission: means a forestry commission appointed by a municipality pursuant to this part. See Michigan Laws 324.52701 Freedom of Information Act: A federal law that mandates that all the records created and kept by federal agencies in the executive branch of government must be open for public inspection and copying. The only exceptions are those records that fall into one of nine exempted categories listed in the statute. Source: OCC Fund: means the landfill maintenance trust fund created in section 11302 . See Michigan Laws 324.11301 Fund: means the septage waste program fund created in section 11717. See Michigan Laws 324.11701 Fund: means the commercial forest fund created under section 51112. See Michigan Laws 324.51101 Fund: means the private forestland enhancement fund created in section 51305. See Michigan Laws 324.51301 Generator: means a person whose act or process produces liquid industrial by-product. See Michigan Laws 324.12101 Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value. Governing body: means the county board of commissioners of a county; the township board of a township; the council, common council, or commission of a city; the council, commission, or board of trustees of a village; the board of education or district board of a school district; the board of an intermediate school district; the board of trustees of a community college district; the county drain commissioner or drainage board of a drainage district; the board of the district library; the legislative body of a metropolitan district; the port commission of a port district; and, in the case of another governmental authority or agency, that official or official body having general governing powers over the authority or agency. See Michigan Laws 141.2103 Governmental unit: means a county, township, municipality, or regional authority. See Michigan Laws 324.11701 grantee: may be construed as including every person to whom any such interest or estate passes in like manner. See Michigan Laws 8.3e Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs. Harvest: means that term as it is defined in section 7jj of the general property tax act, 1893 PA 206, MCL 211. See Michigan Laws 324.51301 in writing: shall be construed to include printing, engraving, and lithographing; except that if the written signature of a person is required by law, the signature shall be the proper handwriting of the person or, if the person is unable to write, the person's proper mark, which may be, unless otherwise expressly prohibited by law, a clear and classifiable fingerprint of the person made with ink or another substance. See Michigan Laws 8.3q Incorporation: means the mechanical mixing of surface-applied septage waste with the soil. See Michigan Laws 324.11701 Injection: means the pressurized placement of septage waste below the surface of soil. See Michigan Laws 324.11701 Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases. Lawsuit: A legal action started by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a complaint that the defendant failed to perform a legal duty, resulting in harm to the plaintiff. Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC Legal material: means any of the following:
(i) The state constitution of 1963. See Michigan Laws 4.1121
Legislative body: means any board of supervisors, township board, city or village legislative body, or school district board. See Michigan Laws 324.52701 Legislative council agencies: means the bureau, commission, and any other legislative council agency designated by the council. See Michigan Laws 4.1102 Legislative session: That part of a chamber's daily session in which it considers legislative business (bills, resolutions, and actions related thereto). Legislator: means a member of the senate or the house of representatives of this state. See Michigan Laws 4.351 Legislator: means a member of the senate or the house of representatives of this state. See Michigan Laws 4.771 Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity. Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt. Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants. Local authority: means an authority created under Act No. See Michigan Laws 324.11901 local unit: means a municipality or county. See Michigan Laws 324.301 Majority leader: see Floor Leaders Metropolitan district: means a district incorporated under the metropolitan district act, 1929 PA 312, MCL 119. See Michigan Laws 168.17 Michigan opioid healing and recovery fund: means the Michigan opioid healing and recovery fund created in section 3 of the Michigan trust fund act, 2000 PA 489, MCL 12. See Michigan Laws 4.1850 Mileage: means cost of transportation via the shortest traveled route either by train, bus or private automobile from the residence of the legislator to Lansing. See Michigan Laws 4.511 Minority leader: See Floor Leaders month: means a calendar month; the word "year" a calendar year; and the word "year" alone shall be equivalent to the words "year of our Lord". See Michigan Laws 8.3j Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan. Municipal security: means a security that when issued was not exempt from this act or former 1943 PA 202 by the provisions of this act or by former 1943 PA 202 or by the provisions of the law authorizing its issuance and that is payable from or secured by any of the following:
(i) Ad valorem real and personal property taxes. See Michigan Laws 141.2103
Municipality: means a county, township, city, village, or school district. See Michigan Laws 324.52701 Municipality: means a county, city, township, village, or local authority, or a combination thereof. See Michigan Laws 324.11901 Municipality: means a county, township, city, village, school district, intermediate school district, community college district, metropolitan district, port district, drainage district, district library, or another governmental authority or agency in this state that has the power to issue a security. See Michigan Laws 141.2103 Municipality: means a city, village, or township. See Michigan Laws 324.301 Name that was formally changed: means a name changed by a proceeding under chapter XI of the probate code of 1939, 1939 PA 288, MCL 711. See Michigan Laws 168.3 National Bank: A bank that is subject to the supervision of the Comptroller of the Currency. The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency is a bureau of the U.S. Treasury Department. A national bank can be recognized because it must have "national" or "national association" in its name. Source: OCC Natural resources professional: means a person who is acknowledged by the department as having the education, knowledge, experience, and skills to identify, schedule, and implement appropriate forest management practices needed to achieve the purposes of this part on land subject to or to be subject to this part. See Michigan Laws 324.51101 Nonindustrial private forestland: means a privately owned tract of land consisting of 20 or more acres, or the timber rights in the land if the timber rights have been severed, that has the productive capacity to grow on average not less than 20 cubic feet per acre per year and that meets either of the following conditions:
(i) For a tract of land that contains less than 40 acres, at least 80% of the land is occupied by forest tree species. See Michigan Laws 324.51301
Note: means a note issued by a municipality pursuant to this part. See Michigan Laws 324.11901 Notes: means notes of the authority issued as provided in this part, including commercial paper. See Michigan Laws 324.50502 Oath: A promise to tell the truth. oath: shall be construed to include the word "affirmation" in all cases where by law an affirmation may be substituted for an oath; and in like cases the word "sworn" shall be construed to include the word "affirmed". See Michigan Laws 8.3k Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period. Office: means the office of the legislative corrections ombudsman created under this act. See Michigan Laws 4.351 Office: means the office of the Michigan veterans' facility ombudsman created under this act. See Michigan Laws 4.771 Official: means an official or employee of the department of corrections. See Michigan Laws 4.351 Official publisher: means :
(i) For the state constitution of 1963, the legislative service bureau. See Michigan Laws 4.1121
Ombudsman: means the office of legislative corrections ombudsman. See Michigan Laws 4.351 Ombudsman: means the Michigan veterans' facility ombudsman. See Michigan Laws 4.771 On-site: means on the same geographically contiguous property, which may be divided by a public or private right-of-way if access is by crossing rather than going along the right-of-way. See Michigan Laws 324.12102 Operating plan: means a plan developed by a receiving facility for receiving septage waste that specifies at least all of the following:
(i) Categories of septage waste that the receiving facility will receive. See Michigan Laws 324.11701
Opioid advisory commission: means the opioid advisory commission created in section 851. See Michigan Laws 4.1850 Oral argument: An opportunity for lawyers to summarize their position before the court and also to answer the judges' questions. Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program. Owner: means a person who holds title to the surface estate of forestland subject to this part. See Michigan Laws 324.51101 Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses. Pathogen: means a disease-causing agent. See Michigan Laws 324.11701 Peace officer: means a sheriff or sheriff's deputy, a village or township marshal, an officer of the police department of any city, village, or township, any officer of the Michigan state police, any peace officer who is trained and licensed or certified under the Michigan commission on law enforcement standards act, 1965 PA 203, MCL 28. See Michigan Laws 324.11701 Peace officer: means any law enforcement officer who is trained and licensed or certified under the Michigan commission on law enforcement standards act, 1965 PA 203, MCL 28. See Michigan Laws 324.12102 Person: means an individual, firm, partnership, association, corporation, unincorporated joint venture, or trust, organized, permitted, or existing under the laws of this state or any other state, including a federal corporation, or a combination thereof, but excluding a municipality, special district having taxing powers, or other political subdivision of this state. See Michigan Laws 324.11901 person: may extend and be applied to bodies politic and corporate, as well as to individuals. See Michigan Laws 8.3l Person: means an individual, partnership, corporation, association, governmental entity, or other legal entity. See Michigan Laws 324.301 Personal property: All property that is not real property. Personal use: means use for any noncommercial purpose. See Michigan Laws 324.51101 Plan: means the forestry development, conservation, and recreation management plan for state forests as provided for in section 52503. See Michigan Laws 324.52501 plant: means a tree, bough, shrub, vine, or other native plant, or a part of a tree, bough, shrub, vine, or other native plant, listed in subsection (1). See Michigan Laws 324.52901 Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court. Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer. Portable toilet: means a receptacle for human waste temporarily in a location for human use. See Michigan Laws 324.11701 Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way. prescribed burning: means the burning, in compliance with a prescription and to meet planned fire or land management objectives, of a continuous cover of fuels. See Michigan Laws 324.51501 Prescription: means a written plan establishing the criteria necessary for starting, controlling, and extinguishing a burn. See Michigan Laws 324.51501 President pro tempore: A constitutionally recognized officer of the Senate who presides over the chamber in the absence of the Vice President. The President Pro Tempore (or, "president for a time") is elected by the Senate and is, by custom, the Senator of the majority party with the longest record of continuous service. primary election: as used in this act , shall mean a primary election held for the purpose of deciding by ballot who shall be the nominees for the offices named in this act, or for the election by ballot of delegates to political conventions. See Michigan Laws 168.7 Primary public safety answering point: means that term as defined in section 102 of the emergency 9-1-1 service enabling act, 1986 PA 32, MCL 484. See Michigan Laws 324.51501 Prisoner: means a person committed to or under the jurisdiction of the department. See Michigan Laws 4.351 Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law. Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government. Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide. Publicly owned treatment works: means any entity that treats municipal sewage or industrial waste or liquid industrial by-product that is owned by the state or a municipality, as that term is defined in 33 USC 1362. See Michigan Laws 324.12102 Qualified forester: means that term as it is defined in section 7jj of the general property tax act, 1893 PA 206, MCL 211. See Michigan Laws 324.51301 Qualified status: means a municipality that has filed a qualifying statement under section 303 and has been determined by the department to be qualified to issue municipal securities without further approval by the department. See Michigan Laws 141.2103 Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business. Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land. Receiving facility: means a structure that is designed to receive septage waste for treatment at a wastewater treatment plant or at a research, development, and demonstration project authorized under section 11511b to which the structure is directly connected, and that is available for that purpose as provided for in an ordinance of the local unit of government where the structure is located or in an operating plan. See Michigan Laws 324.11701 Reclamation: means either processing to recover a usable product or regeneration. See Michigan Laws 324.12102 Record: means information that is inscribed on a tangible medium or that is stored in an electronic or other medium and is retrievable in perceivable form. See Michigan Laws 4.1121 Reforestation: means adequate stocking of forestland is assured by natural seeding, sprouting, suckering, or by planting seeds or seedlings. See Michigan Laws 324.52501 Registered forester: means a person registered under part 535. See Michigan Laws 324.51101 Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant. Remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings. Residence: as used in this act , for registration and voting purposes means that place at which a person habitually sleeps, keeps his or her personal effects, and has a regular place of lodging. See Michigan Laws 168.11 Resident veteran: means a veteran who is a resident of a Michigan veterans' facility or an individual who is a resident of a Michigan veterans' facility by virtue of the individual's relationship with a veteran. See Michigan Laws 4.771 Response activity: means response activity as defined in part 201. See Michigan Laws 324.11301 Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action. Revenue: means money or income received by a municipality as a result of activities authorized by this part, including loan repayments and interest on loan repayments; proceeds from the sale of real or personal property; interest payments on investments; rentals and other payments due and owing on account of an instrument, lease, contract, or agreement to which the municipality is a party; and gifts, grants, bestowals, or other moneys or payments to which a municipality is entitled under this part or other law. See Michigan Laws 324.11901 Rule: means a rule promulgated pursuant to the administrative procedures act of 1969, 1969 PA 306, MCL 24. See Michigan Laws 324.301 Sanitary sewer cleanout septage: means sanitary sewage or cleanout residue removed from a separate sanitary sewer collection system that is not land applied and that is transported by a vehicle licensed under this part elsewhere within the same system or to a receiving facility that is approved by the department. See Michigan Laws 324.11701 School district: means a school district, a local act school district, or an intermediate school district, as those terms are defined in the revised school code, 1976 PA 451, MCL 380. See Michigan Laws 168.4 seal: shall be construed to include any of the following:
(a) The impression of the seal on the paper alone. See Michigan Laws 8.3n
Security: means an evidence of debt such as a bond, note, contract, obligation, refunding obligation, certificate of indebtedness, or other similar instrument issued by a municipality, which pledges payment of the debt by the municipality from an identified source of revenue. See Michigan Laws 141.2103 Septage waste: means the fluid mixture of untreated and partially treated sewage solids, liquids, and sludge of human or domestic origin that is removed from a wastewater system. See Michigan Laws 324.11701 Septage waste servicing license: means a septage waste servicing license as provided for under section 11703 and 11706. See Michigan Laws 324.11701 Septage waste vehicle: means a vehicle that is self-propelled or towed and that includes a tank used to transport septage waste. See Michigan Laws 324.11701 Septage waste vehicle license: means a septage waste vehicle license as provided for under section 11704 and 11706. See Michigan Laws 324.11701 Septic tank: means a septic toilet, chemical closet, or other enclosure used for the decomposition of domestic sewage. See Michigan Laws 324.11701 service area: means the territory for which a receiving facility has the capacity and is available to receive and treat septage waste, except that the geographic service area of a receiving facility shall not extend more than 25 radial miles from the receiving facility. See Michigan Laws 324.11701 servicing: means cleaning, removing, transporting, or disposing, by application to land or otherwise, of septage waste. See Michigan Laws 324.11701 Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims. shall not apply: means that the pertinent provision is not operative as to certain persons or things or in conjunction with a particular date or dates. See Michigan Laws 8.4c Shipping document: means a log, an invoice, a bill of lading, or other record, in either written or electronic form, that includes all of the following information:
(i) The name and address of the generator. See Michigan Laws 324.12102
Silvicultural practices: means the management and manipulation of forest vegetation for the protection, growth, and enhancement of forest products. See Michigan Laws 324.51101 Site: means a location or locations on a parcel or tract, as those terms are defined in section 102 of the land division act, 1967 PA 288, MCL 560. See Michigan Laws 324.11701 Site identification number: means a number that is assigned by the United States Environmental Protection Agency or the department to a transporter or facility. See Michigan Laws 324.12102 Site permit: means a permit issued under section 11709 authorizing the application of septage waste to a site. See Michigan Laws 324.11701 State: means a state of the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands, or any territory or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United States. See Michigan Laws 4.1121 state: when applied to the different parts of the United States, shall be construed to extend to and include the District of Columbia and the several territories belonging to the United States; and the words "United States" shall be construed to include the district and territories. See Michigan Laws 8.3o State forest: means state land owned or controlled by the department that is designated as state forest by the director. See Michigan Laws 324.52501 State forester: means an employee of the department who has a 4-year degree in forest management from an accredited college or university and experience in forest management and who is designated as the state forester by the director. See Michigan Laws 324.50502 Statute: A law passed by a legislature. Storage: means the containment of liquid industrial by-product, on a temporary basis, in a manner that does not constitute disposal of the by-product. See Michigan Laws 324.12102 Storage facility: means a structure that receives septage waste for storage but not for treatment. See Michigan Laws 324.11701 Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony. Subpoena duces tecum: A command to a witness to produce documents. Surface impoundment: means a treatment facility, storage facility, or disposal facility or part of a treatment, storage, or disposal facility that is either a natural topographic depression, a human-made excavation, or a diked area formed primarily of earthen materials. See Michigan Laws 324.12102 Sustainable forest conservation easement: means a conservation easement described in section 2140 on commercial forestland that is approved by the department and meets all of the following:
(i) Is an easement granted in perpetuity to this state, a political subdivision of this state, or a charitable organization described in section 501(c)(3) of the internal revenue code, 26 USC 501, that also meets the requirements of section 170(h)(3) of the internal revenue code, 26 USC 170. See Michigan Laws 324.51201
Sustainable forestry: means forestry practices that are designed to meet present and future needs by employing a land stewardship ethic that integrates the reforestation, managing, growing, nurturing, and harvesting of trees for useful products with the conservation of soil, air and water quality, wildlife and fish habitat, and visual qualities. See Michigan Laws 324.52501 Sustainable forestry: means that term as defined in section 52501. See Michigan Laws 324.50502 Tank: means an enclosed container placed on a septage waste vehicle to carry or transport septage waste. See Michigan Laws 324.11701 Technical assistance: means direct on-site assistance provided to individuals. See Michigan Laws 324.51301 Testify: Answer questions in court. Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries. Timber: means wood growth, mature or immature, growing or dead, standing or down. See Michigan Laws 324.51301 Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident. Transportation: means the movement of liquid industrial by-product by air, rail, public or private roadway, or water. See Michigan Laws 324.12102 Transporter: means a person engaged in the off-site transportation of liquid industrial by-product by air, rail, public roadway, or water. See Michigan Laws 324.12102 Treatment: means any method, technique, or process, including neutralization, designed to change the physical, chemical, or biological character or composition of any liquid industrial by-product, to neutralize the by-product, or to render the by-product safer to transport, store, or dispose of, amenable to recovery, amenable to storage, or reduced in volume. See Michigan Laws 324.12102 Treatment facility: means a facility or part of a facility at which liquid industrial by-product undergoes treatment. See Michigan Laws 324.12102 Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence. Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust. United States: shall be construed to include the district and territories. See Michigan Laws 8.3o Used oil: means any oil that has been refined from crude oil, or any synthetic oil, that has been used and that, as a result of the use, is contaminated by physical or chemical impurities. See Michigan Laws 324.12102 Variable Rate: Having a "variable" rate means that the APR changes from time to time based on fluctuations in an external rate, normally the Prime Rate. This external rate is known as the "index." If the index changes, the variable rate normally changes. Also see Fixed Rate. Vehicle: means a transport vehicle as defined by 49 C. See Michigan Laws 324.12102 Veteran: means that term as defined in section 2a of 1885 PA 152, MCL 36. See Michigan Laws 4.771 Veto: The procedure established under the Constitution by which the President/Governor refuses to approve a bill or joint resolution and thus prevents its enactment into law. A regular veto occurs when the President/Governor returns the legislation to the house in which it originated. The President/Governor usually returns a vetoed bill with a message indicating his reasons for rejecting the measure. In Congress, the veto can be overridden only by a two-thirds vote in both the Senate and the House. village: as used in this act , shall mean an incorporated village. See Michigan Laws 168.9 Waste: means a discarded solid or semisolid material, including garbage, refuse, rubbish, ashes, liquid material, and other discarded materials generated by residential, commercial, agricultural, municipal, or industrial activities, including waste from sewage collected and treated in a municipal sewage system. See Michigan Laws 324.11901 Waste management project: means 1 or more parts of a waste collection, transportation, disposal, or resource recovery system, including plants, works, systems, facility or transfer stations planned, designed, or financed under this part. See Michigan Laws 324.11901 Wetland: means land characterized by the presence of water at a frequency and duration sufficient to support, and that under normal circumstances does support, wetland vegetation or aquatic life, and is commonly referred to as a bog, swamp, or marsh. See Michigan Laws 324.51501