1.  A person is not guilty of an offense unless his or her liability is based on conduct which includes a voluntary act.

 2.  A “voluntary act” is:

Terms Used In Missouri Laws 562.011

  • person: may extend and be applied to bodies politic and corporate, and to partnerships and other unincorporated associations. See Missouri Laws 1.020

 (1)  A bodily movement performed while conscious as a result of effort or determination; or

 (2)  An omission to perform an act of which the actor is physically capable.

 3.  Possession is a voluntary act if the possessor knowingly procures or receives the thing possessed, or having acquired control of it was aware of his or her control for a sufficient time to have enabled him or her to dispose of it or terminate his or her control.

 4.  A person is not guilty of an offense based solely upon an omission to perform an act unless the law defining the offense expressly so provides, or a duty to perform the omitted act is otherwise imposed by law.