Part 1 Relevance of Mental Disease or Disorder § 46-14-101 – § 46-14-103
Part 2 Procedure When Mental Disease or Disorder an Issue § 46-14-202 – § 46-14-222
Part 3 Disposition of Defendant § 46-14-301 – § 46-14-313

Terms Used In Montana Code > Title 46 > Chapter 14

  • Advanced practice registered nurse: means an individual certified as an advanced practice registered nurse provided for in 37-8-202, with a clinical specialty in psychiatric mental health nursing. See Montana Code 46-1-202
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Charge: means a written statement that accuses a person of the commission of an offense, that is presented to a court, and that is contained in a complaint, information, or indictment. See Montana Code 46-1-202
  • Court: means a place where justice is judicially administered and includes the judge of the court. See Montana Code 46-1-202
  • Cross examine: Questioning of a witness by the attorney for the other side.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Included offense: means an offense that:

    (a) is established by proof of the same or less than all the facts required to establish the commission of the offense charged;

    (b) consists of an attempt to commit the offense charged or to commit an offense otherwise included in the offense charged; or

    (c) differs from the offense charged only in the respect that a less serious injury or risk to the same person, property, or public interest or a lesser kind of culpability suffices to establish its commission. See Montana Code 46-1-202

  • Judgment: means an adjudication by a court that the defendant is guilty or not guilty, and if the adjudication is that the defendant is guilty, it includes the sentence pronounced by the court. See Montana Code 46-1-202
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • mental disease or disorder: means an organic, mental, or emotional disorder that is manifested by a substantial disturbance in behavior, feeling, thinking, or judgment to such an extent that the person requires care, treatment, and rehabilitation. See Montana Code 46-14-101
  • Nolo contendere: No contest-has the same effect as a plea of guilty, as far as the criminal sentence is concerned, but may not be considered as an admission of guilt for any other purpose.
  • Offense: means a violation of any penal statute of this state or any ordinance of its political subdivisions. See Montana Code 46-1-202
  • Person: includes a corporation or other entity as well as a natural person. See Montana Code 1-1-201
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Prosecutor: means an elected or appointed attorney who is vested by law with the power to initiate and carry out criminal proceedings on behalf of the state or a political subdivision. See Montana Code 46-1-202
  • Public defender: Represent defendants who can't afford an attorney in criminal matters.
  • Sentence: means the judicial disposition of a criminal proceeding upon a plea of guilty or nolo contendere or upon a verdict or finding of guilty. See Montana Code 46-1-202
  • Statement: means :

    (a) a writing signed or otherwise adopted or approved by a person;

    (b) a video or audio recording of a person's communications or a transcript of the communications; and

    (c) a writing containing a summary of a person's oral communications or admissions. See Montana Code 46-1-202

  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Testify: means every mode of oral statement under oath or affirmation. See Montana Code 1-1-202
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • Witness: means a person whose testimony is desired in a proceeding or investigation by a grand jury or in a criminal action, prosecution, or proceeding. See Montana Code 46-1-202