§ 2A:18-27 Life of execution and return.
§ 2A:18-29 Liability of officer to judgment creditor for neglect or default in making execution
§ 2A:18-32 Docketing judgments of the Special Civil Part
§ 2A:18-33 Docketing of judgment pending determination of motion for new trial or appeal
§ 2A:18-34 Statement and affidavit filed with clerk; transcript entry of judgment
§ 2A:18-35 Issue and return of execution not necessary
§ 2A:18-36 Clerks’ dockets
§ 2A:18-37 Indexes to dockets; dockets and indexes public records
§ 2A:18-38 Operation and effect of docketed judgment in general
§ 2A:18-39 Satisfaction of docketed judgment; entry
§ 2A:18-40 Execution out of Superior Court on docketed judgment
§ 2A:18-41 Jurisdiction of Special Civil Part over docketed judgments
§ 2A:18-42 No execution on docketed judgments pending application for new trial or appeal
§ 2A:18-43 New trial notwithstanding judgment docketed and execution issued
§ 2A:18-44 Revival of docketed judgment
§ 2A:18-45 Entry in docket of determination on appeal
§ 2A:18-51 Tenancy created by agent; termination by owner; recovery of possession or rentals
§ 2A:18-52 Dismissal of action involving title of land
§ 2A:18-53 Removal of tenant in certain cases; jurisdiction
§ 2A:18-54 Notices and summons; substituted service; service by posting
§ 2A:18-55 Discontinuance upon payment into court of rent in arrears; receipt
§ 2A:18-56 Proof of notice to quit prerequisite to judgment
§ 2A:18-57 Judgment for possession; warrant for removal; issuance
§ 2A:18-58 Execution of warrant; use of force
§ 2A:18-59 Review; landlord liable for unlawful proceedings
§ 2A:18-59.1 Terminally ill tenants
§ 2A:18-59.3 Eviction, foreclosure prohibited during certain emergency circumstances.
§ 2A:18-60 Removal of proceedings into Law Division
§ 2A:18-61 Trial by jury in Law Division
§ 2A:18-61.1 Grounds for removal of tenants.
§ 2A:18-61.1a Findings
§ 2A:18-61.1b Permanent retirement from residential use
§ 2A:18-61.1c 5-year restriction
§ 2A:18-61.1d Maximum authorized rent
§ 2A:18-61.1e Rights of former tenants
§ 2A:18-61.1f Local ordinances permitted
§ 2A:18-61.1g Relocation of displaced tenant; violations, penalty.
§ 2A:18-61.1h Reimbursement to displaced tenant
§ 2A:18-61.2 Removal of residential tenants; required notice; contents; service.
§ 2A:18-61.3 Causes for eviction or nonrenewal of lease
§ 2A:18-61.3a Mobile home parks; restrictions on “for sale” signs; prohibition
§ 2A:18-61.4 Waiver of rights by provision in lease; unenforceability
§ 2A:18-61.5 Severability
§ 2A:18-61.6 Owner liability for wrongful evictions
§ 2A:18-61.8 Conversion of multiple dwelling into condominium, cooperative or fee simple ownership; notice to and rights to tenants
§ 2A:18-61.9 Notice to tenant after master deed or agreement to establish cooperative
§ 2A:18-61.10 Removal of tenant to allow conversion to cooperative or condominium; moving expense compensation
§ 2A:18-61.11 Comparable housing; offer of rental; stay of eviction; alternative compensation; senior citizens and disabled protected tenancy period
§ 2A:18-61.12 Rules and regulations
§ 2A:18-61.16a Rent defined
§ 2A:18-61.22 Short title
§ 2A:18-61.23 Legislative findings and declarations
§ 2A:18-61.24 Definitions
§ 2A:18-61.25 Protected tenancy status; conversion of dwelling unit of eligible senior citizen or disabled tenant
§ 2A:18-61.26 Administrative agency
§ 2A:18-61.27 Notice to tenants
§ 2A:18-61.28 Eligibility for protected tenancy status
§ 2A:18-61.29 Registration of conversion; approval after proof of notice of eligibility to tenants
§ 2A:18-61.30 Protected tenancy status; applicability after notice of eligibility and filing of conversion recording
§ 2A:18-61.31 Rent increase restrictions
§ 2A:18-61.32 Termination of protected tenancy
§ 2A:18-61.33 Termination upon purchase of unit by senior citizen or disabled tenant
§ 2A:18-61.34 Informing prospective purchaser of act; contract or agreement for sale; clause informing of application of act and acknowledgment by purchaser
§ 2A:18-61.35 Fee
§ 2A:18-61.36 Agreement by tenant to waive rights; deemed against public policy and unenforceable
§ 2A:18-61.37 Severability
§ 2A:18-61.38 Rules and regulations
§ 2A:18-61.39 Liberal construction of act
§ 2A:18-61.40 Short title
§ 2A:18-61.41 Findings, declarations.
§ 2A:18-61.42 Definitions.
§ 2A:18-61.43 Maximum qualifying income, adjustment
§ 2A:18-61.44 Protected tenancy, qualification, duration
§ 2A:18-61.45 Designation of administrative agency
§ 2A:18-61.46 Notice, etc. required of owner seeking to convert, notice to tenants
§ 2A:18-61.47 Determining tenants’ qualifications
§ 2A:18-61.48 Requirements for registration of conversion for building, structure.
§ 2A:18-61.48a Prohibition of conversion of affordable rental housing unit to condominium, cooperative form of ownership.
§ 2A:18-61.49 Applicability of protected tenancy
§ 2A:18-61.50 Termination of protected tenancy
§ 2A:18-61.51 Tenancy protection terminated by tenant purchase
§ 2A:18-61.52 Costs of conversion no basis for rent increases
§ 2A:18-61.53 Public offering statements, requisites
§ 2A:18-61.54 Municipal fees
§ 2A:18-61.55 Tenant waivers, unenforceable
§ 2A:18-61.56 Actions against qualified tenants, limitations
§ 2A:18-61.57 Removal for good cause
§ 2A:18-61.58 Severability
§ 2A:18-61.59 Rules, regulations
§ 2A:18-61.60 Tenants’ organization permitted to accept billing for utility.
§ 2A:18-61.61 Deduction of certain utility costs from rental payment.
§ 2A:18-61.62 Issuance of “Notice of Rent Protection Emergency.”
§ 2A:18-61.63 Effect of issuance of “Notice of Rent Protection Emergency.”
§ 2A:18-61.64 Report of violation, investigation, penalties.
§ 2A:18-61.65 Violations considered as consumer fraud.
§ 2A:18-61.66 Payment of certain fees, expenses incurred in landlord-tenant disputes.
§ 2A:18-61.67 Notice provided in lease.
§ 2A:18-66 Judgment; orders as to payment; stay of execution
§ 2A:18-67 Docketing small claims judgments
§ 2A:18-69 Costs
§ 2A:18-71 Costs on vacation of judgment
§ 2A:18-72 Disposal of remaining personal property abandoned by tenant
§ 2A:18-73 Notice to tenant prior to disposition
§ 2A:18-74 Contents of notice
§ 2A:18-75 Storing abandoned property
§ 2A:18-76 Conditions under which the property is considered abandoned
§ 2A:18-77 Tenant’s reimbursement for storage costs
§ 2A:18-78 Disposal of property, options
§ 2A:18-79 Immunity
§ 2A:18-80 Deductions from sale proceeds
§ 2A:18-81 Compliance with act constitutes complete defense
§ 2A:18-82 Noncompliance with act; tenant’s recovery
§ 2A:18-83 Applicability of act
§ 2A:18-84 Nonapplicability to motor vehicles

Terms Used In New Jersey Statutes > Title 2A > Chapter 18

  • Academic year: means the period between the time school opens in any school district or under any board of education after the general summer vacation until the next succeeding summer vacation. See New Jersey Statutes 18A:1-1
  • Adjourn: A motion to adjourn a legislative chamber or a committee, if passed, ends that day's session.
  • Advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • Aggregate: means the sums expended or to be expended for the provision or performance of any goods or services in connection with the same immediate purpose or task, or the furnishing of similar goods or services, during the same contract year through a contract awarded by a purchasing agent. See New Jersey Statutes 18A:18A-2
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Amortization: Paying off a loan by regular installments.
  • Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • assessor: when used in relation to the assessment of taxes or water rents or other public assessments, includes all officers, boards or commissions charged with the duty of making such assessments, unless a particular officer, board or commission is specified. See New Jersey Statutes 1:1-2
  • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Attorney-at-law: A person who is legally qualified and licensed to practice law, and to represent and act for clients in legal proceedings.
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Baseline: Projection of the receipts, outlays, and other budget amounts that would ensue in the future without any change in existing policy. Baseline projections are used to gauge the extent to which proposed legislation, if enacted into law, would alter current spending and revenue levels.
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • Bequest: Property gifted by will.
  • Bid threshold: means the dollar amount set in N. See New Jersey Statutes 18A:18A-2
  • Board: means the board of education. See New Jersey Statutes 18A:1-1
  • Board of education: means and includes the board of education of any local school district, consolidated school district, regional school district, county vocational school and any other board of education or other similar body other than the State Board of Education, the Commission on Higher Education or the Presidents' Council, established and operating under the provisions of Title 18A of the New Jersey Statutes and having authority to make purchases and to enter into contracts for the provision or performance of goods or services. See New Jersey Statutes 18A:18A-2
  • census: means the latest Federal census effective within this State. See New Jersey Statutes 1:1-2
  • certified mail: include private express carrier service, provided that the private express carrier service provides confirmation of mailing. See New Jersey Statutes 1:1-2
  • Chambers: A judge's office.
  • Charity: An agency, institution, or organization in existence and operating for the benefit of an indefinite number of persons and conducted for educational, religious, scientific, medical, or other beneficent purposes.
  • collector: when used in relation to the collection of taxes or water rents or other public assessments, includes all officers charged with the duty of collecting such taxes, water rents or assessments, unless a particular officer is specified. See New Jersey Statutes 1:1-2
  • Commissioner: means the Commissioner of Education. See New Jersey Statutes 18A:1-1
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Competitive contracting: means the method described in sections 45 through 49 of P. See New Jersey Statutes 18A:18A-2
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Concession: means the granting of a license or right to act for or on behalf of the board of education, or to provide a service requiring the approval or endorsement of the board of education, and which may or may not involve a payment or exchange, or provision of services by or to the board of education, provided that the term concession shall not include vending machines. See New Jersey Statutes 18A:18A-2
  • Concurrent resolution: A legislative measure, designated "S. Con. Res." and numbered consecutively upon introduction, generally employed to address the sentiments of both chambers, to deal with issues or matters affecting both houses, such as a concurrent budget resolution, or to create a temporary joint committee. Concurrent resolutions are not submitted to the President/Governor and thus do not have the force of law.
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Contract: means any agreement, including but not limited to a purchase order or a formal agreement, which is a legally binding relationship enforceable by law, between a vendor who agrees to provide or perform goods or services and a board of education which agrees to compensate a vendor, as defined by and subject to the terms and conditions of the agreement. See New Jersey Statutes 18A:18A-2
  • Contract year: means the period of 12 consecutive months following the award of a contract. See New Jersey Statutes 18A:18A-2
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Counterclaim: A claim that a defendant makes against a plaintiff.
  • County superintendent: means the County Superintendent of Schools. See New Jersey Statutes 18A:1-1
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Department: means the State Department of Education. See New Jersey Statutes 18A:1-1
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Devise: To gift property by will.
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • District: means a school district. See New Jersey Statutes 18A:1-1
  • District: means and includes any local school district, consolidated school district, regional school district, county vocational school and any other board of education or other similar body other than the State board, established under the provisions of Title 18A of the New Jersey Statutes. See New Jersey Statutes 18A:18A-2
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • Donor: The person who makes a gift.
  • Embezzlement: In most states, embezzlement is defined as theft/larceny of assets (money or property) by a person in a position of trust or responsibility over those assets. Embezzlement typically occurs in the employment and corporate settings. Source: OCC
  • Employee: includes the holder of any position or employment. See New Jersey Statutes 18A:1-1
  • Employment: includes employment in a position. See New Jersey Statutes 18A:1-1
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Escheat: Reversion of real or personal property to the state when 1) a person dies without leaving a will and has no heirs, or 2) when the property (such as a bank account) has been inactive for a certain period of time. Source: OCC
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • Executive session: A portion of the Senate's daily session in which it considers executive business.
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • Extraordinary unspecifiable services: means services which are specialized and qualitative in nature requiring expertise, extensive training and proven reputation in the field of endeavor. See New Jersey Statutes 18A:18A-2
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • Federal Reserve System: The central bank of the United States. The Fed, as it is commonly called, regulates the U.S. monetary and financial system. The Federal Reserve System is composed of a central governmental agency in Washington, D.C. (the Board of Governors) and twelve regional Federal Reserve Banks in major cities throughout the United States. Source: OCC
  • Fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it.
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Fixed Rate: Having a "fixed" rate means that the APR doesn't change based on fluctuations of some external rate (such as the "Prime Rate"). In other words, a fixed rate is a rate that is not a variable rate. A fixed APR can change over time, in several circumstances:
    • You are late making a payment or commit some other default, triggering an increase to a penalty rate
    • The bank changes the terms of your account and you do not reject the change.
    • The rate expires (if the rate was fixed for only a certain period of time).
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • Forgery: The fraudulent signing or alteration of another's name to an instrument such as a deed, mortgage, or check. The intent of the forgery is to deceive or defraud. Source: OCC
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
  • Germane: On the subject of the pending bill or other business; a strict standard of relevance.
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • goods or services: means any work, labor, commodities, equipment, materials, or supplies of any tangible or intangible nature, except real property or any interest therein, provided or performed through a contract awarded by a purchasing agent, including goods and property subject to N. See New Jersey Statutes 18A:18A-2
  • Grace period: The number of days you'll have to pay your bill for purchases in full without triggering a finance charge. Source: Federal Reserve
  • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
  • Guarantor: A party who agrees to be responsible for the payment of another party's debts should that party default. Source: OCC
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • Higher education: means that education which is provided by any or all of the public institutions of higher education as herein defined and any or all equivalent private institutions. See New Jersey Statutes 18A:1-1
  • Impeachment: (1) The process of calling something into question, as in "impeaching the testimony of a witness." (2) The constitutional process whereby the House of Representatives may "impeach" (accuse of misconduct) high officers of the federal government for trial in the Senate.
  • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
  • Index rate: means the rate of annual percentage increase, rounded to the nearest half-percent, in the Implicit Price Deflator for State and Local Government Purchases of Goods and Services, computed and published quarterly by the United States Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis. See New Jersey Statutes 18A:18A-2
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • institution: as used in this chapter shall include any corporation, joint stock association, business trust, business joint venture, business partnership, savings and loan association, credit union or other mutual savings institution or limited liability company, limited liability partnership or any other similar entity. See New Jersey Statutes 17B:20-1
  • Inter vivos: Transfer of property from one living person to another living person.
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • Interrogatories: Written questions asked by one party of an opposing party, who must answer them in writing under oath; a discovery device in a lawsuit.
  • Joint committee: Committees including membership from both houses of teh legislature. Joint committees are usually established with narrow jurisdictions and normally lack authority to report legislation.
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Legacy: A gift of property made by will.
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • Local school district: means any school district comprising within its territorial boundaries the territory comprised in one or more municipalities, except a regional school district. See New Jersey Statutes 18A:1-1
  • Lowest price: means the least possible amount that meets all requirements of the request of a purchasing agent. See New Jersey Statutes 18A:18A-2
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • month: means a calendar month, and the word "year" means a calendar year. See New Jersey Statutes 1:1-2
  • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
  • Mortgage loan: A loan made by a lender to a borrower for the financing of real property. Source: OCC
  • Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
  • Mortgagor: The person who pledges property to a creditor as collateral for a loan and who receives the money.
  • National Bank: A bank that is subject to the supervision of the Comptroller of the Currency. The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency is a bureau of the U.S. Treasury Department. A national bank can be recognized because it must have "national" or "national association" in its name. Source: OCC
  • Nolo contendere: No contest-has the same effect as a plea of guilty, as far as the criminal sentence is concerned, but may not be considered as an admission of guilt for any other purpose.
  • oath: includes "affirmation. See New Jersey Statutes 1:1-2
  • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
  • Official newspaper: means any newspaper designated by the board of education pursuant to R. See New Jersey Statutes 18A:18A-2
  • Open-end credit: A credit agreement (typically a credit card) that allows a customer to borrow against a preapproved credit line when purchasing goods and services. The borrower is only billed for the amount that is actually borrowed plus any interest due. (Also called a charge account or revolving credit.) Source: OCC
  • Outlays: Outlays are payments made (generally through the issuance of checks or disbursement of cash) to liquidate obligations. Outlays during a fiscal year may be for payment of obligations incurred in prior years or in the same year.
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • person: includes corporations, companies, associations, societies, firms, partnerships and joint stock companies as well as individuals, unless restricted by the context to an individual as distinguished from a corporate entity or specifically restricted to one or some of the above enumerated synonyms and, when used to designate the owner of property which may be the subject of an offense, includes this State, the United States, any other State of the United States as defined infra and any foreign country or government lawfully owning or possessing property within this State. See New Jersey Statutes 1:1-2
  • Personal property: includes goods and chattels, rights and credits, moneys and effects, evidences of debt, choses in action and all written instruments by which any right to, interest in, or lien or encumbrance upon, property or any debt or financial obligation is created, acknowledged, evidenced, transferred, discharged or defeated, in whole or in part, and everything except real property as herein defined which may be the subject of ownership. See New Jersey Statutes 1:1-2
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • population: when used in any statute, shall be taken to mean the population as shown by the latest Federal census effective within this State, and shall be construed as synonymous with "inhabitants. See New Jersey Statutes 1:1-2
  • Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • Private school: means a school, under college grade, which does not derive its support entirely or in part from public funds. See New Jersey Statutes 18A:1-1
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Professional services: means services rendered or performed by a person authorized by law to practice a recognized profession and whose practice is regulated by law and the performance of which services requires knowledge of an advanced type in a field of learning acquired by a prolonged formal course of specialized instruction and study as distinguished from general academic instruction or apprenticeship and training. See New Jersey Statutes 18A:18A-2
  • Proprietary: means goods or services of a specialized nature, that may be made or marketed by a person or persons having the exclusive right to make or sell them, when the need for such goods or services has been certified in writing by the board of education to be necessary for the conduct of its affairs. See New Jersey Statutes 18A:18A-2
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • Public school: means a school, under college grade, which derives its support entirely or in part from public funds. See New Jersey Statutes 18A:1-1
  • Public school system: means the system of public schools of the State. See New Jersey Statutes 18A:1-1
  • Public works: means building, altering, repairing, improving or demolishing any public structure or facility constructed or acquired by a board of education to house school district functions or provide water, waste disposal, power, transportation and other public infrastructures. See New Jersey Statutes 18A:18A-2
  • Purchase order: means a document issued by the purchasing agent authorizing a purchase transaction with a vendor to provide or perform goods or services to the board of education, which, when fulfilled in accordance with the terms and conditions of a request of a purchasing agent and other provisions and procedures that may be established by the board of education, will result in payment by the board of education. See New Jersey Statutes 18A:18A-2
  • Purchases: means transactions, for a valuable consideration, creating or acquiring an interest in goods, services and property, except real property or any interest therein. See New Jersey Statutes 18A:18A-2
  • Purchasing agent: means the secretary, business administrator or the business manager of the board of education duly assigned the authority, responsibility and accountability for the purchasing activity of the board of education and having the power to prepare advertisements, to advertise for and receive bids and to award contracts as permitted by this chapter, but if there be no secretary, business administrator or business manager, such officer, committees or employees to whom such power has been delegated by the board of education. See New Jersey Statutes 18A:18A-2
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Quotation: means the response to a formal or informal request made by a purchasing agent to a vendor for provision or performance of goods or services, when the aggregate cost is less than the bid threshold. See New Jersey Statutes 18A:18A-2
  • real estate: as used in this chapter shall include any real property and any interest therein, including, without limitation, any interest on, above or below the surface of the land, any leasehold estate therein, and any such interest held or to be held by the insurer in cotenancy with one or more other persons and any partnership interest held by the insurer in any general or limited partnership engaged in a business primarily involving the owning, improving, developing, operating or leasing of real estate. See New Jersey Statutes 17B:20-1
  • real property: include lands, tenements and hereditaments and all rights thereto and interests therein. See New Jersey Statutes 1:1-2
  • Recess: A temporary interruption of the legislative business.
  • Recourse: An arrangement in which a bank retains, in form or in substance, any credit risk directly or indirectly associated with an asset it has sold (in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles) that exceeds a pro rata share of the bank's claim on the asset. If a bank has no claim on an asset it has sold, then the retention of any credit risk is recourse. Source: FDIC
  • registered mail: include "certified mail". See New Jersey Statutes 1:1-2
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
  • Residence: means domicile, unless a temporary residence is indicated. See New Jersey Statutes 18A:1-1
  • Responsible: means able to complete the contract in accordance with its requirements, including but not limited to requirements pertaining to experience, moral integrity, operating capacity, financial capacity, credit, and workforce, equipment, and facilities availability. See New Jersey Statutes 18A:18A-2
  • Responsive: means conforming in all material respects to the terms and conditions, specifications, legal requirements, and other provisions of the request. See New Jersey Statutes 18A:18A-2
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • Revolving credit: A credit agreement (typically a credit card) that allows a customer to borrow against a preapproved credit line when purchasing goods and services. The borrower is only billed for the amount that is actually borrowed plus any interest due. (Also called a charge account or open-end credit.) Source: OCC
  • School nurse: shall mean and include any school nurse, school nurse supervisor, head school nurse, chief school nurse, school nurse coordinator or any other nurse performing school nursing services in the public schools. See New Jersey Statutes 18A:1-1
  • Sequester: To separate. Sometimes juries are sequestered from outside influences during their deliberations.
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Service or services: means the performance of work, or the furnishing of labor, time, or effort, or any combination thereof, not involving or connected to the delivery or ownership of a specified end product or goods or a manufacturing process. See New Jersey Statutes 18A:18A-2
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • State: extends to and includes any State, territory or possession of the United States, the District of Columbia and the Canal Zone. See New Jersey Statutes 1:1-2
  • State board: means the State Board of Education. See New Jersey Statutes 18A:1-1
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Subpoena duces tecum: A command to a witness to produce documents.
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • sworn: includes "affirmed. See New Jersey Statutes 1:1-2
  • taxing district: when used in a law relating to the assessment or collection of taxes, assessments or water rates or water rents, include every political division of the State, less than a county, whose inhabitants, governing body or officers have the power to levy taxes, assessments or rates. See New Jersey Statutes 1:1-2
  • Teaching staff member: means a member of the professional staff of any district or regional board of education, or any board of education of a county vocational school, holding office, position or employment of such character that the qualifications, for such office, position or employment, require him to hold a valid and effective standard, provisional or emergency certificate, appropriate to his office, position or employment, issued by the State Board of Examiners and includes a school nurse and a school athletic trainer. See New Jersey Statutes 18A:1-1
  • Tenancy in common: A type of property ownership in which two or more individuals have an undivided interest in property. At the death of one tenant in common, his (her) fractional percentage of ownership in the property passes to the decedent
  • territory: extends to and includes any territory or possession of the United States, the District of Columbia and the Canal Zone. See New Jersey Statutes 1:1-2
  • Testator: A male person who leaves a will at death.
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Trust account: A general term that covers all types of accounts in a trust department, such as estates, guardianships, and agencies. Source: OCC
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • Uphold: The decision of an appellate court not to reverse a lower court decision.
  • Usury: Charging an illegally high interest rate on a loan. Source: OCC
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • Veto: The procedure established under the Constitution by which the President/Governor refuses to approve a bill or joint resolution and thus prevents its enactment into law. A regular veto occurs when the President/Governor returns the legislation to the house in which it originated. The President/Governor usually returns a vetoed bill with a message indicating his reasons for rejecting the measure. In Congress, the veto can be overridden only by a two-thirds vote in both the Senate and the House.
  • Work: means any task, program, undertaking, or activity, related to any development, redevelopment, construction or reconstruction performed or provided pursuant to a contract with a board of education. See New Jersey Statutes 18A:18A-2
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.