Title 1 Short Title; Public Policy of State
Title 2 Definitions
Title 3 Administration
Title 4 Unemployment Funds
Title 5 Coverage
Title 6 Contributions to Fund
Title 7 Benefits and Claims
Title 7-A Shared Work Programs
Title 8 Hearings and Appeals
Title 9 Penalities and Misdemeanors
Title 10 General and Miscellaneous Provisions

Terms Used In New York Laws > Labor > Article 18

  • Acquittal:
    1. Judgement that a criminal defendant has not been proved guilty beyond a reasonable doubt.
    2. A verdict of "not guilty."
     
  • Act: means the federal Job Training Partnership Act as enacted into law by Public Law 97-300. See N.Y. Executive Law 971
  • administrative head or body: means the chief official or board of a county hurricane protection, flood and shoreline erosion control district. See N.Y. County Law 280-A
  • Advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • agency: means a county hurricane protection, flood and shoreline erosion control agency. See N.Y. County Law 280-A
  • ALI: means the delivery or receipt of the approximate geographic location, as specified in the FCC order, of the wireless device being used to place a 911 call. See N.Y. County Law 325
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • Amortization: Paying off a loan by regular installments.
  • ANI: means the delivery or receipt of the telephone number assigned to the wireless device being used to place a 911 call. See N.Y. County Law 325
  • Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Applicant: means any person acting on his behalf or authorized to act on behalf of any other person for the purpose of securing a permit. See N.Y. Executive Law 876
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • Bail: means cash bail or a bail bond. See N.Y. Criminal Procedure Law 500.10
  • Bail bond: means a written undertaking, executed by one or more obligors, that the principal designated in such instrument will, while at liberty as a result of an order fixing bail and of the posting of the bail bond in satisfaction thereof, appear in a designated criminal action or proceeding when his attendance is required and otherwise render himself amenable to the orders and processes of the court, and that in the event that he fails to do so the obligor or obligors will pay to the people of the state of New York a specified sum of money, in the amount designated in the order fixing bail. See N.Y. Criminal Procedure Law 500.10
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Board: means the board of supervisors of a county or an elected county legislative body or city legislative body by whatsoever name designated. See N.Y. County Law 301
  • Board: shall mean the New York state 911 board. See N.Y. County Law 325
  • building emissions: means greenhouse gas emissions as expressed in metric tons of carbon dioxide equivalent emitted as a result of operating a covered building and calculated in accordance with rules promulgated by the department in consultation with the mayor's office of long term planning and sustainability. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 28-320.1
  • building emissions intensity: means , for a covered building, the number obtained by dividing the building emissions by the gross floor area for such building, expressed in metric tons of carbon dioxide equivalent per square foot per year. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 28-320.1
  • Cabinet: means the urban revitalization affairs cabinet created pursuant to an executive order to assist the governor in the coordination of state policies and programs affecting urban areas. See N.Y. Executive Law 895
  • capacity resource: means a facility that has the capability to generate and transmit electrical power and sell capacity (i) by bilateral contracts, (ii) in the wholesale capacity market, or (iii) by indirect sales of capacity in the wholesale market in accordance with the schedules of rates and charges of a utility in effect pursuant to section 66 of the public service law. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 28-320.1
  • carbon dioxide equivalent: means the metric used to compare the emissions of various greenhouse gases based upon their global warming potential as defined in the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Fifth Assessment Report (2014). See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 28-320.1
  • Cash bail: means a sum of money, in the amount designated in an order fixing bail, posted by a principal or by another person on his behalf with a court or other authorized public servant or agency, upon

    the condition that such money will become forfeit to the people of the state of New York if the principal does not comply with the directions of a court requiring his attendance at the criminal action or proceeding involved or does not otherwise render himself amenable to the orders and processes of the court. See N.Y. Criminal Procedure Law 500.10

  • Chief judge: The judge who has primary responsibility for the administration of a court but also decides cases; chief judges are determined by seniority.
  • city building: means a building that is owned by the city or for which the city regularly pays all of the annual energy bills, or a cultural institution that is in the Cultural Institutions Group as determined by the department of cultural affairs for which the city regularly pays all or part of the annual energy bills. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 28-320.1
  • clean distributed energy resource: means a distributed energy resource that (i) uses any of the following sources to generate electricity: hydropower, solar photovoltaics, geothermal wells or loops, tidal action, waves or water currents, or wind; or (ii) is designed and operated to store energy, including but not limited to batteries, thermal systems, mechanical systems, compressed air, and superconducting equipment. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 28-320.1
  • Coastal area: shall mean (a) the state's coastal waters, and (b) the adjacent shorelands, including landlocked waters and subterranean waters, to the extent such coastal waters and adjacent lands are strongly influenced by each other including, but not limited to, islands, wetlands, beaches, dunes, barrier islands, cliffs, bluffs, inter-tidal estuaries and erosion prone areas. See N.Y. Executive Law 911
  • Coastal waters: means lakes Erie and Ontario, the St. See N.Y. Executive Law 911
  • Committee membership: Legislators are assigned to specific committees by their party. Seniority, regional balance, and political philosophy are the most prominent factors in the committee assignment process.
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Comprehensive harbor management plan: shall mean a plan to address the problems of conflict, congestion and competition for space in the use of harbors, surface waters and underwater lands of the state within a city, town or village or abounding a city, town or village to a distance of fifteen hundred feet from shore. See N.Y. Executive Law 911
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • cooling tower: means a cooling tower, evaporative condenser or fluid cooler that is part of a recirculated water system incorporated into a building's cooling, industrial process, refrigeration, or energy production system. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 28-317.2
  • Council: shall mean the council on professional opportunity. See N.Y. Executive Law 940
  • Council: shall mean the Long Island South Shore Estuary reserve council created by section nine hundred sixty-four of this article. See N.Y. Executive Law 962
  • Council: means the committee, board or council established by the governor to meet the requirements of section one hundred twenty-two of the act for a state job training coordinating council. See N.Y. Executive Law 971
  • Court: includes , where appropriate, a judge authorized to act as described in a particular statute, though not as a court. See N.Y. Criminal Procedure Law 500.10
  • covered building: means , as it appears in the records of the department of finance, (i) a building that exceeds 25,000 gross square feet (2322. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 28-320.1
  • covered building: means a building that is (i) a rent regulated accommodation, (ii) a building whose main use or dominant occupancy is classified as occupancy group A-3 religious house of worship, (iii) owned by a housing development fund company organized pursuant to the business corporation law and article 11 of the private housing finance law, or (iv) a building that participates in a project-based federal housing program and, as it appears in the records of the department of finance, such building (i) exceeds 25,000 (2322. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 28-321.1
  • Credit Score: A number, roughly between 300 and 800, that measures an individual's credit worthiness. The most well-known type of credit score is the FICO score. This score represents the answer from a mathematical formula that assigns numerical values to various pieces of information in your credit report. Source: OCC
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
  • Department: shall mean the secretary of state or his or her designee. See N.Y. Executive Law 962
  • Direct dispatch: shall mean that the public safety answering point can, by encoding or toning, alert the responding agency without having to relay or reroute calls unless the call originates outside the jurisdiction. See N.Y. County Law 325
  • Director: means the director of the office of business permits. See N.Y. Executive Law 876
  • Director: means the executive director of the urban affairs cabinet and chief administrative officer of the office of urban revitalization. See N.Y. Executive Law 895
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • Distressed urban area: means communities within cities or urban counties of the state characterized by blight, stagnating or declining tax base, an unemployment rate in excess of the statewide average, an aged housing stock, a stagnating or declining population or the existence of ten per centum or more of the population at or below the poverty level. See N.Y. Executive Law 895
  • distributed energy resource: means a resource comprised of one or multiple units capable of generating or storing electricity, all at a single location that is directly or indirectly connected to an electric utility transmission and distribution system. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 28-320.1
  • district: means a county hurricane proection, flood and shoreline erosion control district except where otherwise stated. See N.Y. County Law 280-A
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • Estuary: shall mean all or part of the mouth of a river or stream or any body of water having an unimpaired natural connection with the open sea and within which sea water is measurably diluted with fresh-water derived from land drainage, including associated aquatic ecosystems and those portions of tributaries draining into the estuary up to the historic height of migration of anadromous fish or the historic head of tidal influence, whichever is higher. See N.Y. Executive Law 962
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
  • Expedited deployment funding: means eligible wireless 911 costs estimated to be incurred by local public safety answering points for enhanced wireless 911 service. See N.Y. County Law 325
  • FCC order: means all orders issued by the Federal Communications Commission pursuant to the proceeding entitled "Revision of the Commission's Rule to Ensure Compatibility with Enhanced 911 Emergency Calling Systems" (CC Docket No. See N.Y. County Law 325
  • Fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it.
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Fund: shall mean the statewide public safety communications account established pursuant to section ninety-seven-qq of the state finance law. See N.Y. County Law 325
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • governing body: means the elected legislative body of the county. See N.Y. County Law 280-A
  • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
  • greenhouse gas: means a unit of greenhouse gas, including carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), perfluorocarbons (PFCs), sulfur hexafluoride (SF6), and nitrogen trifluoride (NF3). See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 28-320.1
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • Inland waterways: shall mean (a) the state's major inland lakes consisting of lakes Baldwin, Ballston, Big Tupper, Black, Campfire, Canadarago, Canandaigua, Carmel, Cazenovia, Cayuga, Champlain, Charles, Chateaugay, Chautauqua, Chazy, Conesus, Cranberry, Dean Pond (in the county of Putnam), Drew, East Caroga, Dickiebusch, Echo (in the county of Westchester), George, Glencoma, Great Sacandaga, Honeoye, Indian, Katonah, Kentwood, Keuka, Kitchawan, Little Wolf (in the county of Franklin), Lincolndale, Long, Lost (in the county of Putnam), Meahagh, Mirror, MacGregor, Mahopac, Minerva, Mohegan, Nimham, Neatahwanta, Northville, Oceola, Oneida, Onondaga, Oscaleta, Ossi, Otisco, Otsego, Owasco, Palmer, Peach, Placid, Purdys, Putnam, Raquette, Rippowam, Ronkonkoma, Round, Sacandaga, Saratoga, Schroon, Secor, Seneca, Shenorock, Skaneateles, Silver (in the county of Wyoming), Sagamore, Saranac, Seven Hills, Tibet, Tonetta, Teakettle Spout, Truesdale, Waccabuc, West Caroga and Wixon, Simon (in the county of Franklin) and the Fulton chain of lakes; (b) the state's major rivers comprised of the Allegheny, Ausable, Battenkill, Black, Boquet, Bronx, Canisteo, Chaumont (including Chaumont bay), Chemung, Chenango, Cohocton, Delaware, Deer, Genesee, Grasse, Great Chazy, Hoosic, Hudson north of the federal dam at Troy, Indian, Little (in the Adirondack park), Little Ausable, Little Salmon (including north and south branches), Mad, Mettowee, Mohawk, Oswegatchie, Oswego, Pocantico, Racquette, Sacandaga, Salmon, Saranac, Saw Mill, Schroon, Susquehanna, Tenmile, Tioga, Tioughnioga, Wallkill and Buffalo rivers, and the north and middle branches of the Moose river; (c) the state's major creeks comprised of the 18 Mile Creek located in Erie county, Chittenango Creek, Bash Bish and Kinderhook Creek located in Columbia county, Kinderhook Creek located in Rensselaer county, Basher Kill, Bushkill, Cattaraugus, Cayadutta, Cincinnati, East Kill, Esopus (including upper and lower branches), Ferguson, Fish (including east and west branches), Gooseberry, Great Valley, Kennyetto, Little Sandy, Moyer, Mud Creek located in Oneida county, Ninemile Creek, Onondaga, Oriskany, Peekskill Hollow, Reall, Roeliff Jansen Kill, Rondout, Sandy, Sauquoit, Schoharie, Shawangunk Kill, Six Mile Creek, South Sandy, Oatka, Tonawanda, West Kill, Scajaquada, Wappinger, Webatuck, Wassaic, Willsey in the village of Wurtsboro, Wood Creek

    located in Herkimer county, Wood Creek located in Oneida county, Black Creek located in Monroe county, Black Creek located in Genesee and Wyoming counties, Ellicott Creek located in Erie county, Wynantskill, Claverack, Taghkanic, Agawamuck, Wyomanock, and Ley Creek and Butternut Creek located in Onondaga county, and Nanticoke; (d) the Barge Canal System as defined in section two of the canal law; and (e) the adjacent shorelands to the extent that such inland waters and adjacent lands are strongly influenced by each other including, but not limited to, islands, wetlands, beaches, dunes, barrier islands, cliffs, bluffs and erosion prone areas. See N.Y. Executive Law 911

  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • Joint resolution: A legislative measure which requires the approval of both chambers.
  • Jurisdictional protocol: shall mean a written agreement entered into by two or more law enforcement agencies setting forth procedures to ensure the organized, coordinated, and prompt mobilization of personnel, equipment, services, or facilities in order to achieve the fastest response to a 911 emergency. See N.Y. County Law 325
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • Local agency: means any community organization created for the purposes of enhancing the revitalization of distressed urban areas. See N.Y. Executive Law 895
  • Local public safety answering point: means a site designated and operated by a local governmental entity for the purpose of receiving emergency calls from customers of a wireless telephone service supplier. See N.Y. County Law 325
  • metric tons of carbon dioxide equivalent: means the global standard unit in carbon accounting to quantify greenhouse gas emissions, also expressed as tCO2e. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 28-320.1
  • Minority: shall mean a resident of New York state or a permanent resident alien residing in New York state who is a member of a group historically underrepresented in the scientific, technical, health, and health-related professions as defined by the regents after consultation with the council. See N.Y. Executive Law 940
  • Minority leader: See Floor Leaders
  • Municipality: means any county except a county wholly contained within a city and any city having a population of one million or more persons. See N.Y. County Law 301
  • Obligor: means a person who executes a bail bond on behalf of a principal and thereby assumes the undertaking described therein. See N.Y. Criminal Procedure Law 500.10
  • Office: means the office of business permits created by this article. See N.Y. Executive Law 876
  • Office: means the office of urban revitalization created by this article. See N.Y. Executive Law 895
  • Oral argument: An opportunity for lawyers to summarize their position before the court and also to answer the judges' questions.
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • Permit: means the whole or part of any state agency permit, license, certificate, approval, registration, charter, or similar form of permission required by law or by state agency rules and regulations having the force and effect of law. See N.Y. Executive Law 876
  • Person: means any individual, proprietorship, partnership, association, cooperative, corporation, nonprofit organization, state or local government agency, and any other organization required to obtain one or more permits. See N.Y. Executive Law 876
  • Personal property: All property that is not real property.
  • Petit jury: A group of citizens who hear the evidence presented by both sides at trial and determine the facts in dispute. Federal criminal juries consist of 12 persons. Federal civil juries consist of six persons.
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Plan: shall mean the comprehensive management plan created pursuant to section nine hundred sixty-six of this article. See N.Y. Executive Law 962
  • Plan: means the governor's coordination and special services plan as required by section one hundred twenty-one of the act. See N.Y. Executive Law 971
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • Principal: means a defendant in a criminal action or proceeding, or a person adjudged a material witness therein, or any other person so involved therein that he may by law be compelled to appear before a court for the purpose of having such court exercise control over his person to secure his future attendance at the action or proceeding when required, and who in fact either is before the court for such purpose or has been before it and been subjected to such control. See N.Y. Criminal Procedure Law 500.10
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • Public safety agency: means a functional division of a public agency which provides or has the authority to provide police, firefighting, emergency medical or ambulance services or other emergency services or a private entity which provides emergency medical or ambulance services. See N.Y. County Law 301
  • Public service answering point: means a communications facility which first receives 911 calls from persons within a 911 service area and which may, as appropriate, directly dispatch the services of a public safety agency or extend, transfer, relay or otherwise route 911 calls to the appropriate public safety agency. See N.Y. County Law 301
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Ranking minority member: The highest ranking (and usually longest serving) minority member of a committee or subcommittee.
  • Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
  • Recess: A temporary interruption of the legislative business.
  • Remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings.
  • rent regulated accommodation: means a building containing one or more dwelling units required by law or by an agreement with a governmental entity to be regulated in accordance with the emergency tenant protection act of 1974, the rent stabilization law of 1969, or the local emergency housing rent control act of 1962. See N.Y. New York City Administrative Code 28-320.1
  • Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
  • Reserve: shall mean all the water and underwater lands comprising the South Shore Estuary and the lands which gather and transmit precipitation as either groundwater or run-off into such system and which are designated on a map prepared by a designated planning entity and adopted by the council. See N.Y. Executive Law 962
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • Securing order: means an order of a court committing a principal to the custody of the sheriff, or fixing bail, or releasing him on his own recognizance. See N.Y. Criminal Procedure Law 500.10
  • Service delivery areas: means the areas designated by the governor in accordance with the provisions of section one hundred one of the act. See N.Y. Executive Law 971
  • Service supplier: means (i) a telephone corporation which provides local exchange access service within a 911 service area, or (ii) a provider of "voice over internet protocol service" or "VOIP service" that provides such service within a 911 service area. See N.Y. County Law 301
  • Service supplier: means a telephone corporation which provides local exchange access service within a 911 service area. See N.Y. County Law 325
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • shoreline: means the lands between high and low water mark, the lands contiguous or adjacent to the high water mark, beaches, dunes and bluffs. See N.Y. County Law 280-A
  • South Shore Estuary: shall mean the Estuary located on the South Shore of Long Island between the western boundary of the Town of Hempstead and the Eastern Boundary of Shinnecock Bay. See N.Y. Executive Law 962
  • State agency: means any department, board, bureau, commission, division, office, council or agency of the state, or a public benefit corporation or public authority at least one of whose members is appointed by the governor. See N.Y. Executive Law 876
  • State agency: means any department, board, bureau, commission, division, office, council or agency of the state, or a public benefit corporation or authority authorized by the laws of the state. See N.Y. Executive Law 895
  • State agency: means any department, bureau, commission, board, public authority or other agency of the state, including any public benefit corporation any member of which is appointed by the governor. See N.Y. Executive Law 911
  • State public safety answering point: means a site designated and operated by the division of state police for the purposes of receiving emergency calls from customers of a wireless telephone service supplier. See N.Y. County Law 325
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Surety: means an obligor who is not a principal. See N.Y. Criminal Procedure Law 500.10
  • System costs: means the costs associated with obtaining and maintaining the telecommunication equipment, all operations and maintenance costs and the telephone services costs necessary to establish and provide an E911 system. See N.Y. County Law 301
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC
  • User fees: Fees charged to users of goods or services provided by the government. In levying or authorizing these fees, the legislature determines whether the revenue should go into the treasury or should be available to the agency providing the goods or services.
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.
  • Wireless communications service: means all commercial mobile services, as that term is defined in section 332(d) of title 47, United States Code, as amended from time to time, including, but not limited to, all broadband personal communications services, wireless radio telephone services, geographic area specialized and enhanced specialized mobile radio services, and incumbent-wide area specialized mobile radio licensees, which offer real time, two-way voice or data service that is interconnected with the public switched telephone network or otherwise provides access to emergency communications services. See N.Y. County Law 301
  • Workforce preparation programs: means employment and training programs and human resource utilization activities including but not limited to job training and development, vocational education, public assistance employment, labor market information and employment services. See N.Y. Executive Law 971