§ 251 Definitions
§ 252 Found Property and Found Instruments to Be Deposited With Police; Penalty for Failure to Deliver to Police; Delivery to Persons in Possession of Premi
§ 253 Duties of Police
§ 254 Disposition of Lost Property
§ 255 Disposition of Instruments
§ 256 Exceptions
§ 257 Title to Lost Property
§ 258 Proceeds to Be Paid Into Fund

Terms Used In New York Laws > Personal Property > Article 7-B - Lost and Found Property

  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Designated felony act: means an act which, if done by an adult, would be a crime: (i) defined in sections 125. See N.Y. Family Court Law 301.2
  • Detention: means the temporary care and maintenance of children away from their own homes, as defined in section five hundred two of the executive law. See N.Y. Family Court Law 301.2
  • Dispositional hearing: means a hearing to determine whether the respondent requires supervision, treatment or confinement. See N.Y. Family Court Law 301.2
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Fact-finding hearing: means a hearing to determine whether the respondent or respondents committed the crime or crimes alleged in the petition or petitions. See N.Y. Family Court Law 301.2
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • finder: as used in this article means the person who first takes possession of lost property. See N.Y. Personal Property Law 251
  • Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
  • instrument: as used in this article means a check, draft, promissory note, bond, bill of lading, warehouse receipt, stock certificate or other paper or document, other than those payable, drawn or issued to bearer or to cash and other than money, evidencing, representing or embodying a chose in action or a right with respect to property or a share, participation or other interest in property or in an enterprise. See N.Y. Personal Property Law 251
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Juvenile delinquent: means a person over seven and less than sixteen years of age, or commencing on October first, two thousand eighteen a person over seven and less than seventeen years of age, and commencing October first, two thousand nineteen a person over seven and less than eighteen years of age, who, having committed an act that would constitute a crime, or a violation, where such violation is alleged to have occurred in the same transaction or occurrence of the alleged criminal act, if committed by an adult, (a) is not criminally responsible for such conduct by reason of infancy, or (b) is the defendant in an action ordered removed from a criminal court to the family court pursuant to article seven hundred twenty-five of the criminal procedure law. See N.Y. Family Court Law 301.2
  • lost property: as used in this article includes lost or mislaid property. See N.Y. Personal Property Law 251
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • owner: as used in this article means any person entitled to possession of the lost property as against the finder and against any other person who has made a claim. See N.Y. Personal Property Law 251
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • Presentment agency: means the agency or authority which pursuant to section two hundred fifty-four or two hundred fifty-four-a is responsible for presenting a juvenile delinquency petition. See N.Y. Family Court Law 301.2
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • property: as used in this article means money, instruments payable, drawn or issued to bearer or to cash, goods, chattels and tangible personal property other than (a) "instruments" as defined in subdivision two of this section, (b) animals, (c) wrecks governed by the provisions of the navigation law, (d) logs and other property governed by section three hundred twenty-three of the town law and (e) vehicles governed by the vehicle and traffic law. See N.Y. Personal Property Law 251
  • Respondent: means the person against whom a juvenile delinquency petition is filed pursuant to section 310. See N.Y. Family Court Law 301.2
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Transportation company: as used in this article means the person carrying on a business of operating a transportation facility. See N.Y. Personal Property Law 251
  • Transportation facility: as used in this article means a railroad car or coach, Pullman car, street surface railroad car, subway car, motor bus, motor coach, taxicab, aircraft or steamship, and any other vehicle or conveyance used for carriage of persons whether or not such use is in the course of a business of transporting persons. See N.Y. Personal Property Law 251
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.