Terms Used In New York Laws > Public Health > Article 2
- Judgement that a criminal defendant has not been proved guilty beyond a reasonable doubt.
- A verdict of "not guilty."
- Addict: means a person who habitually uses a controlled substance for a non-legitimate or unlawful use, and who by reason of such use is dependent thereon. See N.Y. Public Health Law 3302
- Administer: means the direct application of a controlled substance, whether by injection, inhalation, ingestion, or any other means, to the body of a patient or research subject. See N.Y. Public Health Law 3302
- Advertisement: means the publication, dissemination, circulation, or placing before the public, or causing directly or indirectly to be made, published, disseminated, or placed before the public, any announcement or statement in a newspaper, magazine, or other publication, or in the form of a book, notice, circular, pamphlet, letter, hand-bill, poster, bill, sign, placard, card, label, tag, or by radio or television or any other means. See N.Y. Public Health Law 3400
- Advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
- Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
- Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
- Agent: means an authorized person who acts on behalf of or at the direction of a manufacturer, distributor, or dispenser. See N.Y. Public Health Law 3302
- Allegation: something that someone says happened.
- Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
- Amortization: Paying off a loan by regular installments.
- Annuity: A periodic (usually annual) payment of a fixed sum of money for either the life of the recipient or for a fixed number of years. A series of payments under a contract from an insurance company, a trust company, or an individual. Annuity payments are made at regular intervals over a period of more than one full year.
- Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
- Applicant: means a for-profit entity or not-for-profit corporation and includes: board members, officers, managers, owners, partners, principal stakeholders and members who submit an application to become a registered organization. See N.Y. Public Health Law 3360
- Appraisal: A determination of property value.
- Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
- approved: as used in this title shall mean a provider who is approved by the department in accordance with department regulations and has entered into an agreement with the department for the provision of evaluations, service coordination or early intervention services. See N.Y. Public Health Law 2550
- Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
- Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
- Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
- Attorney-at-law: A person who is legally qualified and licensed to practice law, and to represent and act for clients in legal proceedings.
- Attorney-in-fact: A person who, acting as an agent, is given written authorization by another person to transact business for him (her) out of court.
- Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
- Baseline: Projection of the receipts, outlays, and other budget amounts that would ensue in the future without any change in existing policy. Baseline projections are used to gauge the extent to which proposed legislation, if enacted into law, would alter current spending and revenue levels.
- Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
- Bequest: Property gifted by will.
- Birth-related neurological injury: means an injury to the brain or spinal cord of a live infant caused by the deprivation of oxygen or mechanical injury occurring in the course of labor, delivery or resuscitation, or by other medical services provided or not provided during delivery admission, that rendered the infant with a permanent and substantial motor impairment or with a developmental disability as that term is defined by section 1. See N.Y. Public Health Law 2999-H
- Board: means the board of examiners of nursing home administrators as provided for in this article. See N.Y. Public Health Law 2895-A
- Burial: includes transportation and/or cremation. See N.Y. Public Health Law 3400
- By means of the internet: means any sale, delivery, distribution, or dispensing of a controlled substance that uses the internet, is initiated by use of the internet or causes the internet to be used. See N.Y. Public Health Law 3302
- Certified medical use: means the acquisition, possession, use, or, transportation of medical marihuana by a certified patient, or the acquisition, possession, delivery, transportation or administration of medical marihuana by a designated caregiver, for use as part of the treatment of the patient's serious condition, as authorized in a certification under this title including enabling the patient to tolerate treatment for the serious condition. See N.Y. Public Health Law 3360
- Certified patient: means a patient who is a resident of New York state or receiving care and treatment in New York state as determined by the commissioner in regulation, and is certified under section thirty-three hundred sixty-one of this title. See N.Y. Public Health Law 3360
- Chambers: A judge's office.
- charitable asset: shall mean assets representing five percent of the fair market value of the corporation seeking to convert into a corporation or other entity organized for pecuniary profit pursuant to paragraph two of this subsection; provided, however, that for the purposes of the conversion of a corporation or corporations after the effective date of the chapter of the laws of two thousand seven which amended this paragraph, "charitable asset" shall mean assets representing ten percent of the fair market value of the corporation or corporations. See N.Y. Insurance Law 4301
- Children with physical disabilities: means any persons under twenty-one years of age who are disabled by reason of a defect or disability, whether congenital or acquired by accident, injury, or disease, or who are suffering from long-term disease, including, but without limiting the generality of the foregoing, chronic granulomatous, cystic fibrosis, epidermolysis bullosa, muscular dystrophy, nephrosis, rheumatic fever and rheumatic heart disease, blood dyscrasies, cancer, lymphatic diseases, including, but not limited to: insufficiency of lymphatic circulatory function (to include all forms of lymphedema, both primary and secondary); lipedema; complex vascular diseases of the lymphatic
lymphangiomatosis, lymphangioleio-myomatosis, lymphangiectasias, lymphangiomas, cystic hygromas,
and complex vascular/lymphatic malformations and syndromes, brain injured, and chronic asthma, or from any disease or condition likely to result in a disability in the absence of treatment, provided, however, no child shall be deprived of a service under the provisions of this chapter solely because of the degree of mental retardation. See N.Y. Public Health Law 2581
- Clinical laboratory services: shall mean the microbiological, serological, chemical, hematological, biophysical, cytological or pathological examination of materials derived from the human body, for the purposes of obtaining information for the diagnosis, prevention, or treatment of disease or the assessment of health condition. See N.Y. Public Health Law 238
- Commissioner: means commissioner of health of the state of New York. See N.Y. Public Health Law 3302
- Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
- Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
- Compounding: means the combining, admixing, mixing, diluting, pooling, reconstituting, or otherwise altering of a drug or bulk drug substance to create a drug with respect to an outsourcing facility under section 503B of the federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act and further defined in this section. See N.Y. Public Health Law 3302
- Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
- Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
- Controlled substance: means a substance or substances listed in section thirty-three hundred six of this chapter. See N.Y. Public Health Law 3302
- Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
- Coordinated standards and procedures: means standards and procedures developed by state early intervention service agencies pursuant to section twenty-five hundred fifty-one of this title. See N.Y. Public Health Law 2541
- Council: means the early intervention coordinating council established under section twenty-five hundred fifty-three of this title. See N.Y. Public Health Law 2541
- Credit report: A detailed report of an individual's credit history prepared by a credit bureau and used by a lender in determining a loan applicant's creditworthiness. Source: OCC
- Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
- Decedent: A deceased person.
- Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
- Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
- delivery: means the actual, constructive or attempted transfer from one person to another of a controlled substance, whether or not there is an agency relationship. See N.Y. Public Health Law 3302
- Department: means the department of health of the state of New York. See N.Y. Public Health Law 3302
- Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
- Designated caregiver: means the individual designated by a certified patient in a registry application. See N.Y. Public Health Law 3360
- Developmental delay: means that a child has not attained developmental milestones expected for the child's chronological age, as measured by qualified professionals using appropriate diagnostic instruments and/or procedures and informed clinical opinion, in one or more of the following areas of development: cognitive, physical, communication, social or emotional, or adaptive. See N.Y. Public Health Law 2541
- Devise: To gift property by will.
- Direct supervision: means a physician must be present in the section of the facility where the procedure is being performed and is not concurrently encumbered by responsibilities that would preclude the physician from responding to a request for assistance within a timeframe that poses no risk to the patient. See N.Y. Public Health Law 3501
- Disability: means :
(a) a developmental delay; or
(b) a diagnosed physical or mental condition that has a high probability of resulting in developmental delay, such as Down syndrome or other chromosomal abnormalities, sensory impairments, inborn errors of metabolism or fetal alcohol syndrome. See N.Y. Public Health Law 2541
- Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
- Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
- Dispense: means to deliver a controlled substance to an ultimate user or research subject by lawful means, including by means of the internet, and includes the packaging, labeling, or compounding necessary to prepare the substance for such delivery. See N.Y. Public Health Law 3302
- Distribute: means to deliver a controlled substance, including by means of the internet, other than by administering or dispensing. See N.Y. Public Health Law 3302
- Distributor: means a person who distributes a controlled substance. See N.Y. Public Health Law 3302
- Diversion: means manufacture, possession, delivery or use of a controlled substance by a person or in a manner not specifically authorized by law. See N.Y. Public Health Law 3302
- Donor: The person who makes a gift.
- Drug: means
(a) substances recognized as drugs in the official United States Pharmacopoeia, official Homeopathic Pharmacopoeia of the United States, or official National Formulary, or any supplement to any of them;
(b) substances intended for use in the diagnosis, cure, mitigation, treatment, or prevention of disease in man or animals; and
(c) substances (other than food) intended to affect the structure or a function of the body of man or animal. See N.Y. Public Health Law 3302
- Early intervention official: means an appropriate municipal official designated by the chief executive officer of a municipality and an appropriate designee of such official. See N.Y. Public Health Law 2541
- Early intervention services: means developmental services that:
(a) are provided under public supervision;
(b) are selected in collaboration with the parents;
(c) are designed to meet a child's developmental needs in any one or more of the following areas:
(i) physical development, including vision and hearing,
(ii) cognitive development,
(iii) communication development,
(iv) social or emotional development, or
(v) adaptive development;
(d) meet the coordinated standards and procedures;
(e) are provided by qualified personnel;
(f) are provided in conformity with an IFSP;
(g) are, to the maximum extent appropriate, provided in natural environments, including the home and community settings where children without disabilities would participate;
(h) include, as appropriate:
(i) family training, counseling, home visits and parent support groups,
(ii) special instruction,
(iii) speech pathology and audiology,
(iv) occupational therapy,
(v) physical therapy,
(vi) psychological services,
(vii) case management services, hereafter referred to as service coordination services,
(viii) medical services for diagnostic or evaluation purposes, subject to reasonable prior approval requirements for exceptionally expensive services, as prescribed by the commissioner,
(ix) early identification, screening, and assessment services,
(x) health services necessary to enable the infant or toddler to benefit from the other early intervention services,
(xi) nursing services,
(xii) nutrition services,
(xiii) social work services,
(xiv) vision services,
(xv) assistive technology devices and assistive technology services,
(xvi) transportation and related costs that are necessary to enable a child and the child's family to receive early intervention services, and
(xvii) other appropriate services approved by the commissioner. See N.Y. Public Health Law 2541
- Electronic: means of or relating to technology having electrical, digital, magnetic, wireless, optical, electromagnetic or similar capabilities. See N.Y. Public Health Law 3302
- Electronic prescription: means a prescription issued with an electronic signature and transmitted by electronic means in accordance with regulations of the commissioner and the commissioner of education and consistent with federal requirements. See N.Y. Public Health Law 3302
- Electronic record: means a paperless record that is created, generated, transmitted, communicated, received or stored by means of electronic equipment and includes the preservation, retrieval, use and disposition in accordance with regulations of the commissioner and the commissioner of education and in compliance with federal law and regulations. See N.Y. Public Health Law 3302
- Electronic signature: means an electronic sound, symbol, or process, attached to or logically associated with an electronic record and executed or adopted by a person with the intent to sign the record, in accordance with regulations of the commissioner and the commissioner of education. See N.Y. Public Health Law 3302
- Eligible child: means an infant or toddler from birth through age two who has a disability; provided, however, that any toddler with a disability who has been determined to be eligible for program services under section forty-four hundred ten of the education law and:
(i) who turns three years of age on or before the thirty-first day of August shall, if requested by the parent, be eligible to receive early intervention services contained in an IFSP until the first day of September of that calendar year; or
(ii) who turns three years of age on or after the first day of September shall, if requested by the parent and if already receiving services pursuant to this title, be eligible to continue receiving such services until the second day of January of the following calendar year. See N.Y. Public Health Law 2541
- Embalmer: means a person to whom a valid license as such has been duly issued. See N.Y. Public Health Law 3400
- Embalming: means preparing, disinfecting and preserving, either hypodermically, arterially or by any other recognized means the body of a deceased person for burial, cremation or other final disposition. See N.Y. Public Health Law 3400
- Embalming fluid: means any chemicals or substances manufactured primarily for use by licensed funeral directors, undertakers or embalmers, or registered residents, to prepare, disinfect or preserve, either hypodermically, arterially or by any other recognized means the body of a deceased person for burial, cremation or other final disposition. See N.Y. Public Health Law 3400
- Enterprise risk: means any activity, circumstance, event, or series of events involving one or more subsidiaries of a parent corporation that, if not remedied promptly, is likely to have a material adverse effect upon the financial condition or liquidity of the parent corporation, including anything that would cause the parent corporation's risk-based capital to fall into company action level as set forth in section one thousand three hundred twenty-two of this chapter, or that would cause further transaction of business to be hazardous to the insurer's policyholders or creditors or the public. See N.Y. Insurance Law 1702
- Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
- Escheat: Reversion of real or personal property to the state when 1) a person dies without leaving a will and has no heirs, or 2) when the property (such as a bank account) has been inactive for a certain period of time. Source: OCC
- Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
- Evaluation: means a multidisciplinary professional, objective assessment conducted by appropriately qualified personnel and conducted pursuant to section twenty-five hundred forty-four of this title to determine a child's eligibility under this title. See N.Y. Public Health Law 2541
- Evaluator: means a team of two or more professionals approved pursuant to section twenty-five hundred fifty-one of this title to conduct screenings and evaluations. See N.Y. Public Health Law 2541
- Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
- Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
- Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
- Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
- Federal agency: means the Drug Enforcement Administration, United States Department of Justice, or its successor agency. See N.Y. Public Health Law 3302
- Federal controlled substances act: means the Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act of 1970, Public Law 91-513, and any act
or acts amendatory or supplemental thereto or regulations promulgated thereunder. See N.Y. Public Health Law 3302
- Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation: A government corporation that insures the deposits of all national and state banks that are members of the Federal Reserve System. Source: OCC
- Federal registration number: means such number assigned by the Federal agency to any person authorized to manufacture, distribute, sell, dispense or administer controlled substances. See N.Y. Public Health Law 3302
- Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
- Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
- Finance charge: The total cost of credit a customer must pay on a consumer loan, including interest. The Truth in Lending Act requires disclosure of the finance charge. Source: OCC
- Financial relationship: shall mean an ownership interest, investment interest or compensation arrangement. See N.Y. Public Health Law 238
- Form of medical marihuana: means characteristics of the medical marihuana recommended or limited for a particular certified patient, including the method of consumption and any particular strain, variety, and quantity or percentage of marihuana or particular active ingredient. See N.Y. Public Health Law 3360
- Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
- Fund: means the New York state medical indemnity fund. See N.Y. Public Health Law 2999-H
- Funeral directing: means the care and disposal of the body of a deceased person and/or the preserving, disinfecting and preparing by embalming or otherwise, the body of a deceased person for funeral services, transportation, burial or cremation; and/or funeral directing or embalming as presently known whether under these titles or designations or otherwise. See N.Y. Public Health Law 3400
- Funeral director: means a person to whom a valid license as such has been duly issued. See N.Y. Public Health Law 3400
- Funeral establishment: means a single physical location, address or premises devoted to or used for the care and preparation of a body of a deceased person for disposition and for mourning or funeral ceremonial purposes. See N.Y. Public Health Law 3400
- Funeral firm: means an individual, partnership, corporation or estate representative engaged in the business and practice of funeral directing. See N.Y. Public Health Law 3400
- Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
- Grace period: The number of days you'll have to pay your bill for purchases in full without triggering a finance charge. Source: Federal Reserve
- Group practice: shall mean a group of two or more practitioners organized as a partnership, professional corporation, foundation, not-for-profit corporation, faculty practice plan or similar association; and
(a) in which each practitioner who is a member of the group provides substantially the full range of services which the practitioner routinely provides, including medical care, consultation, diagnosis or treatment, through the joint use of shared office space, facilities, equipment and personnel; and
(b) for which substantially all of the services of the practitioners who are members of the group are provided through the group and are billed in the name of the group and amounts so received are treated as receipts of the group; and
(c) in which the overhead expenses of the income from the practice are distributed in accordance with methods previously determined by members of the group; and
(d) provided, however, in the case of a faculty practice plan associated with a hospital with an approved residency training program in which practitioner members may provide a variety of different specialty services and provide professional services both within and outside the group, as well as perform other tasks such as research, the provisions of paragraphs (a), (b) and (c) of this subdivision shall be applied only with respect to the services provided within the faculty practice plan. See N.Y. Public Health Law 238
- Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
- Habitual user: means any person who is, or by reason of repeated use of any controlled substance for non-legitimate or unlawful use is in danger of becoming, dependent upon such substance. See N.Y. Public Health Law 3302
- Health care provider: shall mean a practitioner in an individual practice, group practice, partnership, professional corporation or other authorized form of association, a hospital or other health care institution issued an operating certificate pursuant to this chapter or the mental hygiene law, a certified home health agency or a licensed home care services agency, and any other purveyor of health or health related items or services including but not limited to a clinical laboratory, a physiological laboratory, a pharmacy, a purveyor of x-ray or imaging services, a purveyor of physical therapy services, a purveyor of health or health related supplies, appliances or equipment, or an ambulance service. See N.Y. Public Health Law 238
- health officer: as used in this article shall mean a county health officer, a city health officer, a town health officer, a village health officer, the health officer of a consolidated health district or a state district health officer. See N.Y. Public Health Law 2304
- Hearsay: Statements by a witness who did not see or hear the incident in question but heard about it from someone else. Hearsay is usually not admissible as evidence in court.
- Holding company operating subsidiary: means a subsidiary (other than a separate account subsidiary) engaged or organized to engage in either or both of the following activities (1) the ownership and management of other subsidiaries, and (2) the raising of capital (debt or equity) that could be loaned to, or invested in, other subsidiaries or loaned to the parent corporation, provided that any such subsidiary may in addition engage in the ownership and management of assets authorized as investments for the parent corporation. See N.Y. Insurance Law 1702
- IFSP: means the individualized family service plan adopted in accordance with section twenty-five hundred forty-five of this title. See N.Y. Public Health Law 2541
- Immediate family member: shall include spouse; birth and adoptive parents, children and siblings; stepparents, stepchildren and stepsiblings;
brothers-in-law, sisters-in-law, sons-in-law and daughters-in-law; and grandparents and grandchildren. See N.Y. Public Health Law 238
- Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
- Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
- Institutional dispenser: means a hospital, veterinary hospital, clinic, dispensary, maternity home, nursing home, mental hospital or similar facility approved and certified by the department as authorized to obtain controlled substances by distribution and to dispense and administer such substances pursuant to the order of a practitioner. See N.Y. Public Health Law 3302
- Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
- Interested investor: shall mean , with respect to a health care provider, an investor who is a practitioner in a position to make or to influence referrals or business to the health care provider, or who is an immediate family member of such an investor. See N.Y. Public Health Law 238
- Internet: as used in this article , also includes other networks, whether private or public, used to transmit information by electronic means. See N.Y. Public Health Law 3302
- Interrogatories: Written questions asked by one party of an opposing party, who must answer them in writing under oath; a discovery device in a lawsuit.
- Investment subsidiary: means a subsidiary (other than a separate account subsidiary) engaged or organized to engage exclusively in the ownership and management of assets (other than equity securities of subsidiaries) authorized as investments for the parent corporation and of other investment subsidiaries. See N.Y. Insurance Law 1702
- Investor: shall mean , with respect to a health care provider, a person with a financial relationship with the health care provider, subject to the exceptions provided in paragraph (b) of subdivision three, subdivision four and paragraph (b) of subdivision five of section two hundred thirty-eight-a of this title. See N.Y. Public Health Law 238
- Irrevocable trust: A trust arrangement that cannot be revoked, rescinded, or repealed by the grantor.
- Jurisprudence: The study of law and the structure of the legal system.
- Labor peace agreement: means an agreement between an entity and a labor organization that, at a minimum, protects the state's proprietary interests by prohibiting labor organizations and members from engaging in picketing, work stoppages, boycotts, and any other economic interference with the registered organization's business. See N.Y. Public Health Law 3360
- Lawsuit: A legal action started by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a complaint that the defendant failed to perform a legal duty, resulting in harm to the plaintiff.
- Lead agency: means the department of health, the public agency responsible for the administration of the early intervention system in collaboration with the state early intervention service agencies. See N.Y. Public Health Law 2541
- Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
- Legatee: A beneficiary of a decedent
- Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
- License: means a written authorization issued by the department or the New York state department of education permitting persons to engage in a specified activity with respect to controlled substances. See N.Y. Public Health Law 3302
- License: means a license granted and issued by the department under this article to practice radiography, radiation therapy technology or nuclear medicine technology. See N.Y. Public Health Law 3501
- Licensed practitioner: means a person licensed or otherwise authorized under the education law to practice medicine, dentistry, podiatry, or chiropractic. See N.Y. Public Health Law 3501
- Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
- Manufacture: means the production, preparation, propagation, compounding, cultivation, conversion or processing of a controlled substance, either directly or indirectly or by extraction from substances of natural origin, or independently by means of chemical synthesis, or by a combination of extraction and chemical synthesis, and includes any packaging or repackaging of the substance or labeling or relabeling of its container, except that this term does not include the preparation, compounding, packaging or labeling of a controlled substance:
(a) by a practitioner as an incident to his administering or dispensing of a controlled substance in the course of his professional practice; or
(b) by a practitioner, or by his authorized agent under his supervision, for the purpose of, or as an incident to, research, teaching, or chemical analysis and not for sale; or
(c) by a pharmacist as an incident to his dispensing of a controlled substance in the course of his professional practice. See N.Y. Public Health Law 3302
- Marihuana: means all parts of the plant of the genus Cannabis, whether growing or not; the seeds thereof; the resin extracted from any part of the plant; and every compound, manufacture, salt, derivative, mixture, or preparation of the plant, its seeds or resin. See N.Y. Public Health Law 3302
- Medical marihuana: means marihuana as defined in subdivision twenty-one of section thirty-three hundred two of this article, intended for a certified medical use, as determined by the commissioner in his or her sole discretion. See N.Y. Public Health Law 3360
- Medical service: means such diagnostic, therapeutic, and rehabilitative care by medical and paramedical personnel, including hospital and related care, and drugs, prostheses, appliances, equipment and devices as necessary. See N.Y. Public Health Law 2581
- Member of a holding company system: shall include a holding company, a controlled insurer, a controlled person, and any person who alone or in concert with any other persons directly or indirectly controls a holding company or controls a person who controls a holding company. See N.Y. Insurance Law 2701
- Minority leader: See Floor Leaders
- Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
- Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
- Mortgage loan: A loan made by a lender to a borrower for the financing of real property. Source: OCC
- Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
- Mortgagor: The person who pledges property to a creditor as collateral for a loan and who receives the money.
- Municipality: means a county outside the city of New York or the city of New York in the case of a county contained within the city of New York. See N.Y. Public Health Law 2541
- National Bank: A bank that is subject to the supervision of the Comptroller of the Currency. The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency is a bureau of the U.S. Treasury Department. A national bank can be recognized because it must have "national" or "national association" in its name. Source: OCC
- Nuclear medicine technology: means the use of radiopharmaceuticals administered to human beings for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes under the supervision of a physician authorized by a radioactive materials license. See N.Y. Public Health Law 3501
- Nursing home: means a facility issued an operating certificate as a nursing home pursuant to article twenty-eight of this chapter. See N.Y. Public Health Law 2895-A
- Nursing home administrator: means an individual who is charged with and has responsibility for the general administration of a nursing home whether or not such individual has an ownership interest in such home and whether or not his functions and duties are shared with one or more other individuals. See N.Y. Public Health Law 2895-A
- Oath: A promise to tell the truth.
- Obesity: means the condition in which a person's body mass index is at least thirty kilograms per meter squared, or where a person's body mass index is at least twenty-seven kilograms per meter squared and the person suffers from one or more of the following conditions or diseases:
1. See N.Y. Public Health Law 262
- Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
- Opiate: means any substance having an addiction-forming or addiction-sustaining liability similar to morphine or being capable of conversion into a drug having addiction-forming or addiction-sustaining liability. See N.Y. Public Health Law 3302
- Opium poppy: means the plant of the species Papaver somniferum L. See N.Y. Public Health Law 3302
- Outlays: Outlays are payments made (generally through the issuance of checks or disbursement of cash) to liquidate obligations. Outlays during a fiscal year may be for payment of obligations incurred in prior years or in the same year.
- Outsourcing facility: means a facility that:
(a) is engaged in the compounding of sterile drugs as defined in section sixty-eight hundred two of the education law;
(b) is currently registered as an outsourcing facility pursuant to article one hundred thirty-seven of the education law; and
(c) complies with all applicable requirements of federal and state law, including the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act. See N.Y. Public Health Law 3302
- Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
- Parent: means parent or person in parental relation to the child. See N.Y. Public Health Law 2541
- Parent corporation: means a parent corporation of a type described in subsection (a), (b) or (c) of section one thousand seven hundred one of this article. See N.Y. Insurance Law 1702
- Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
- Person: means individual, institution, corporation, government or governmental subdivision or agency, business trust, estate, trust, partnership or association, or any other legal entity. See N.Y. Public Health Law 3302
- Personal property: All property that is not real property.
- Pharmacist: means any person licensed by the state department of education to practice pharmacy. See N.Y. Public Health Law 3302
- Pharmacy: means any place registered as such by the New York state board of pharmacy and registered with the Federal agency pursuant to the federal controlled substances act. See N.Y. Public Health Law 3302
- Pharmacy services: shall mean the preparing, compounding, preserving or, the dispensing of drugs, medicines and therapeutic devices on the basis of prescriptions or other legal authority. See N.Y. Public Health Law 238
- Physical therapy services: means physical therapy as defined by section sixty-seven hundred thirty-one of the education law. See N.Y. Public Health Law 238
- Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
- Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
- Poppy straw: means all parts, except the seeds, of the opium poppy, after mowing. See N.Y. Public Health Law 3302
- Practitioner: shall mean a licensed or registered physician, dentist, podiatrist, chiropractor, nurse, midwife, physician assistant or specialist assistant, physical therapist, or optometrist. See N.Y. Public Health Law 238
- Practitioner: means :
dentist, podiatrist, veterinarian, scientific investigator, or other person licensed, or otherwise permitted to dispense, administer or conduct research with respect to a controlled substance in the course of a licensed professional practice or research licensed pursuant to this article. See N.Y. Public Health Law 3302
- Practitioner: means a practitioner who (i) is a physician licensed by New York state and practicing within the state, (ii) who by training or experience is qualified to treat a serious condition as defined in subdivision seven of this section; and (iii) has completed a two to four hour course as determined by the commissioner in regulation and registered with the department; provided however, a registration shall not be denied without cause. See N.Y. Public Health Law 3360
- Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
- Preliminary hearing: A hearing where the judge decides whether there is enough evidence to make the defendant have a trial.
- Prescribe: means a direction or authorization, by prescription, permitting an ultimate user lawfully to obtain controlled substances from any person authorized by law to dispense such substances. See N.Y. Public Health Law 3302
- Prescription: shall mean an official New York state prescription, an electronic prescription, an oral prescription, an out-of-state prescription, or any one. See N.Y. Public Health Law 3302
- prescription monitoring program registry: means the prescription monitoring program registry established pursuant to section thirty-three hundred forty-three-a of this article. See N.Y. Public Health Law 3302
- Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
- Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
- Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
- Proceeds: shall mean the face or other pay-out value of an insurance policy or annuity plus reasonable interest to date of payment as shall be prescribed by regulations promulgated by the superintendent. See N.Y. Insurance Law 2701
- Professional medical physicist: means a person licensed or otherwise authorized to practice medical physics in accordance with article one hundred sixty-six of the education law. See N.Y. Public Health Law 3501
- Program: means the federal child care and adult food program. See N.Y. Public Health Law 2586
- Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
- public asset: shall mean assets representing ninety-five percent of the fair market value of the corporation seeking to convert into a corporation or other entity organized for pecuniary profit pursuant to paragraph two of this subsection; provided, however, that for the purposes of the conversion of a corporation or corporations after the effective date of the chapter of the laws of two thousand seven which amended this paragraph, "public asset" shall mean assets representing ninety percent of the fair market value of the corporation or corporations. See N.Y. Insurance Law 4301
- Public health council: shall mean the public health and health planning council. See N.Y. Public Health Law 238
- Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
- public library system: as used in this article means:
(1) A library established by one or more counties. See N.Y. Education Law 272
- Public place: means a public place as defined in regulation by the commissioner. See N.Y. Public Health Law 3360
- Qualified personnel: means :
(a) persons holding a state approved or recognized certificate, license or registration in one of the following fields:
(i) special education teachers;
(ii) speech and language pathologists and audiologists;
(iii) occupational therapists;
(iv) physical therapists;
(v) social workers;
(vii) dieticians or nutritionists;
(viii) other persons designated by the commissioner who meet requirements that apply to the area in which the person is providing early intervention services, where not in conflict with existing professional licensing, certification and/or registration requirements. See N.Y. Public Health Law 2541
- Qualified plaintiff: means every plaintiff or claimant who (i) has been found by a jury or court to have sustained a birth-related neurological injury as the result of medical malpractice, or (ii) has sustained a birth-related neurological injury as the result of alleged medical malpractice, and has settled his or her lawsuit or claim therefor; and (iii) has been ordered to be enrolled in the fund by a court in New York state. See N.Y. Public Health Law 2999-H
- Qualifying health care costs: means the future medical, hospital, surgical, nursing, dental, rehabilitation, habilitation, respite, custodial, durable medical equipment, home modifications, assistive technology, vehicle modifications, transportation for purposes of health care
appointments, prescription and non-prescription medications, and other health care costs actually incurred for services rendered to and supplies utilized by qualified plaintiffs, which are necessary to meet their health care needs, as determined by their treating physicians, physician assistants, or nurse practitioners and as otherwise defined by the commissioner in regulation. See N.Y. Public Health Law 2999-H
- Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
- Radiation oncologist: means a physician duly licensed to practice medicine in the state of New York and who is certified by the American Board of Radiology or by the American Osteopathic Board of Radiology in radiation oncology. See N.Y. Public Health Law 3501
- Radiation therapy: means the use of external beam and remote afterloading brachytherapy equipment for the application of ionizing radiation to human beings for therapeutic purposes under the supervision of a radiation oncologist. See N.Y. Public Health Law 3501
- Radiation therapy services: shall mean the use of high energy x-rays, particles, or radiation materials for the treatment of cancer and other diseases. See N.Y. Public Health Law 238
- Radiography: means the use of x-rays or x-ray producing equipment on human beings for diagnostic purposes under the supervision of a licensed practitioner. See N.Y. Public Health Law 3501
- Radiologic technologist: means a person who is licensed under this article to practice radiography or radiation therapy or nuclear medicine. See N.Y. Public Health Law 3501
- Recourse: An arrangement in which a bank retains, in form or in substance, any credit risk directly or indirectly associated with an asset it has sold (in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles) that exceeds a pro rata share of the bank's claim on the asset. If a bank has no claim on an asset it has sold, then the retention of any credit risk is recourse. Source: FDIC
- Registered organization: means a registered organization under sections thirty-three hundred sixty-four and thirty-three hundred sixty-five of this title. See N.Y. Public Health Law 3360
- Registered resident: means a person who passed a funeral directing examination and who is duly registered as such with the department while in the employ of a registered funeral firm and who is engaged in the practice of funeral directing under the supervision of a licensed funeral director or undertaker and embalmer; provided, however, that a registered resident shall not have authority to sign any form or document required by law which requires the signature of a licensed funeral director or make funeral arrangements or own or manage a funeral firm. See N.Y. Public Health Law 3400
- Registry application: means an application properly completed and filed with the department by a certified patient under section thirty-three hundred sixty-three of this title. See N.Y. Public Health Law 3360
- Registry identification card: means a document that identifies a certified patient or designated caregiver, as provided under section thirty-three hundred sixty-three of this title. See N.Y. Public Health Law 3360
- Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
- Remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings.
- Rural: shall mean (i) a county with a population of two hundred thousand persons or less, or a town with a population density of one hundred fifty persons or less per square mile; and (ii) other rural areas pursuant to standards promulgated in regulation by the commissioner. See N.Y. Public Health Law 238
- Sell: means to sell, exchange, give or dispose of to another, or offer or agree to do the same. See N.Y. Public Health Law 3302
- Serious condition: means :
(i) having one of the following severe debilitating or life-threatening conditions: cancer, positive status for human immunodeficiency virus or acquired immune deficiency syndrome, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Parkinson's disease, multiple sclerosis, damage to the nervous tissue of the spinal cord with objective neurological
of intractable spasticity, epilepsy, inflammatory bowel disease, neuropathies, Huntington's disease, post-traumatic stress disorder, pain that degrades health and functional capability where the use of medical marihuana is an alternative to opioid use, substance use disorder, or as added by the commissioner; and
(ii) any of the following conditions where it is clinically associated with, or a complication of, a condition under this paragraph or its treatment: cachexia or wasting syndrome; severe or chronic pain; severe nausea; seizures; severe or persistent muscle spasms; or such conditions as are added by the commissioner. See N.Y. Public Health Law 3360
- Service coordinator: means a person who:
(a) meets the qualifications established in federal law and regulation and demonstrates knowledge and understanding of:
(i) infants and toddlers who may be eligible for services under this title;
(ii) principles of family-centered services;
(iii) part H of the federal individuals with disabilities education act and its corresponding regulations;
(iv) the nature and scope of services available under this title; and
(v) the requirements for authorizing and paying for such services and other pertinent information;
(b) is responsible for:
(i) assisting eligible children and their families in gaining access to services listed on the IFSP;
(ii) coordinating early intervention services with other services such as medical and health services provided to the child;
(iii) coordinating the performance of evaluations and assessments;
(iv) participating in the development, monitoring and evaluation of the IFSP;
(v) assisting the parent in identifying available service providers;
(vi) coordinating service delivery;
(vii) informing the family of advocacy services;
(viii) where appropriate, facilitating the transition of the child to other appropriate services; and
(ix) assisting in resolving any disputes which may arise between the family and service providers, as necessary and appropriate; and
(c) meets such other standards as are specified pursuant to section twenty-five hundred fifty-one of this title. See N.Y. Public Health Law 2541
- Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
- Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
- Special certification: means a special certification made under subdivision nine of section thirty-three hundred sixty-one of this title. See N.Y. Public Health Law 3360
- State early intervention service agencies: means the departments of health, education and social services and the offices of mental health, mental retardation and developmental disabilities and office of alcoholism and substance abuse services. See N.Y. Public Health Law 2541
- Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
- Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
- Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
- Subsidiary: means subsidiaries of the types described in subsection (b) of section one thousand seven hundred four of this article and subsidiaries acquired or held under this article, section one thousand four hundred five or section four thousand two hundred forty of this chapter, but shall not include a subsidiary acquired or held under section one thousand four hundred four of this chapter or a subsidiary acquired or held by an insurer authorized to make investments by subsection (c) of section one thousand four hundred three of this chapter. See N.Y. Insurance Law 1702
- Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
- Supervision: means the oversight of a licensed radiologic technologist by a licensed practitioner acting within the limits specified in the law under which the practitioner is licensed. See N.Y. Public Health Law 3501
- Testify: Answer questions in court.
- Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
- Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
- Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
- Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
- Ultimate user: means a person who lawfully obtains and possesses a controlled substance for his own use or the use by a member of his household or for an animal owned by him or in his custody. See N.Y. Public Health Law 3302
- Undertaker: means a person to whom a valid license as such has been duly issued. See N.Y. Public Health Law 3400
- Undertaking: means the care, disposal, transportation, burial or cremation by any means other than embalming of the body of a deceased person. See N.Y. Public Health Law 3400
- Uphold: The decision of an appellate court not to reverse a lower court decision.
- X-ray or imaging services: shall mean diagnostic imaging techniques which shall include but not be limited to the following:
(a) Conventional x-ray or radiology. See N.Y. Public Health Law 238
- Year: shall mean the twelve-month period commencing July first unless otherwise specified. See N.Y. Public Health Law 2541