Prostitution and Related Offenses
Obscenity and Related Offenses
Gambling Offenses
Offenses Involving Controlled Substances
Offenses Against Animals
Offenses Involving Fighting Birds
Offenses Involving Unused Property Markets
Offenses Involving Tobacco Products and Inhalant Delivery Systems
Miscellaneous

Terms Used In Oregon Statutes > Chapter 167 - Offenses Against General Welfare and Animals

  • Adjourn: A motion to adjourn a legislative chamber or a committee, if passed, ends that day's session.
  • Agricultural lien: means an interest, other than a security interest or a lien created under ORS 87. See Oregon Statutes 79.0102
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • Bank: means an organization that is engaged in the business of banking. See Oregon Statutes 79.0102
  • Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
  • board of directors: means the governing body of a district. See Oregon Statutes 545.002
  • Certificate of title: includes another record maintained as an alternative to the certificate of title by the governmental unit that issues certificates of title if a statute permits the security interest in question to be indicated on the record as a condition or result of the security interest's obtaining priority over the rights of the lien creditor with respect to the collateral. See Oregon Statutes 79.0102
  • Chattel paper: means a record or records that evidence both a monetary obligation and a security interest in specific goods, a security interest in specific goods and software used in the goods, a security interest in specific goods and license of software used in the goods, a lease of specific goods, or a lease of specific goods and license of software used in the goods. See Oregon Statutes 79.0102
  • Collateral: means the property subject to a security interest or agricultural lien. See Oregon Statutes 79.0102
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • County court: includes board of county commissioners. See Oregon Statutes 174.100
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Department: means the Department of Revenue. See Oregon Statutes 317.010
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Deposit account: means a demand, time, savings, passbook or similar account maintained with a bank. See Oregon Statutes 79.0102
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • District: means an irrigation district organized or operating under this chapter. See Oregon Statutes 545.002
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • Document: means a document of title or a receipt of the type described in ORS 77. See Oregon Statutes 79.0102
  • Donee: The recipient of a gift.
  • elector: includes every person 18 years of age or older, whether a resident of the district or state or not, who is an owner or a vendee under a contract of purchase of land situated within the district and subject to the charges or assessments of the district. See Oregon Statutes 545.002
  • Electronic funds transfer: The transfer of money between accounts by consumer electronic systems-such as automated teller machines (ATMs) and electronic payment of bills-rather than by check or cash. (Wire transfers, checks, drafts, and paper instruments do not fall into this category.) Source: OCC
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • Excise tax: means a tax measured by or according to net income imposed upon national banking associations, all other banks, and financial, centrally assessed, mercantile, manufacturing and business corporations for the privilege of carrying on or doing business in this state. See Oregon Statutes 317.010
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • Fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it.
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • Financial institution: has the meaning given that term in ORS 314. See Oregon Statutes 317.010
  • Financing statement: means a record or records composed of an initial financing statement and any filed record relating to the initial financing statement. See Oregon Statutes 79.0102
  • Fixture filing: means the filing of a financing statement covering goods that are or are to become fixtures and satisfying ORS 79. See Oregon Statutes 79.0102
  • Fixtures: means goods that have become so related to particular real property that an interest in them arises under real property law. See Oregon Statutes 79.0102
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • Goods: means all things that are movable when a security interest attaches. See Oregon Statutes 79.0102
  • Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
  • insurer: means any domestic, foreign or alien insurer as defined in ORS 731. See Oregon Statutes 317.010
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • Manufactured structure: has the meaning given that term in ORS 446. See Oregon Statutes 79.0102
  • Mortgage: means a consensual interest in real property, including fixtures, which secures payment or performance of an obligation. See Oregon Statutes 79.0102
  • Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
  • Mortgagor: The person who pledges property to a creditor as collateral for a loan and who receives the money.
  • National Bank: A bank that is subject to the supervision of the Comptroller of the Currency. The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency is a bureau of the U.S. Treasury Department. A national bank can be recognized because it must have "national" or "national association" in its name. Source: OCC
  • Oregon net loss: means taxable loss, except as otherwise provided with respect to insurers in subsection (11) of this section and ORS 317. See Oregon Statutes 317.010
  • Oregon taxable income: means taxable income, less the deduction allowed under ORS 317. See Oregon Statutes 317.010
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • Presentence report: A report prepared by a court's probation officer, after a person has been convicted of an offense, summarizing for the court the background information needed to determine the appropriate sentence. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
  • Public debt: Cumulative amounts borrowed by the Treasury Department or the Federal Financing Bank from the public or from another fund or account. The public debt does not include agency debt (amounts borrowed by other agencies of the Federal Government). The total public debt is subject to a statutory limit.
  • public notice: means any legal publication which requires an affidavit of publication as required in ORS 193. See Oregon Statutes 174.104
  • Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act: Federal law that, among other things, requires lenders to provide "good faith" estimates of settlement costs and make other disclosures regarding the mortgage loan. RESPA also limits the amount of funds held in escrow for real estate taxes and insurance. Source: OCC
  • Registered organization: includes a business trust that is formed or organized under the law of a single state if a statute of the state governing business trusts requires that the business trust's organic record be filed with the state. See Oregon Statutes 79.0102
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Security agreement: means an agreement that creates or provides for a security interest. See Oregon Statutes 79.0102
  • Sentencing guidelines: A set of rules and principles established by the United States Sentencing Commission that trial judges use to determine the sentence for a convicted defendant. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • State: means a state of the United States, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands or any territory or insular possession subject to the jurisdiction of the United States. See Oregon Statutes 79.0102
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Taxable income or loss: means the taxable income or loss determined, or in the case of a corporation for which no federal taxable income or loss is determined, as would be determined, under chapter 1, Subtitle A of the Internal Revenue Code and any other laws of the United States relating to the determination of taxable income or loss of corporate taxpayers, with the additions, subtractions, adjustments and other modifications as are specifically prescribed by this chapter except that in determining taxable income or loss for any year, no deduction under ORS 317. See Oregon Statutes 317.010
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • Transmitting utility: means an organization primarily engaged in the business of:

    (A) Operating a railroad, subway, street railway or trolley bus;

    (B) Transmitting communications electrically, electromagnetically or by light;

    (C) Transmitting goods by pipeline or sewer; or

    (D) Transmitting or producing and transmitting electricity, steam, gas or water. See Oregon Statutes 79.0102

  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Trial jury: A group of citizens who hear the evidence presented by both sides at trial and determine the facts in dispute. Federal criminal juries consist of 12 persons. Federal civil juries consist of six persons.
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.