As used in this chapter:

(1) "Alternative fuel" means a liquefied petroleum gas, liquefied natural gas, compressed natural gas product, or a combination of liquefied petroleum gas and a compressed natural gas product used in an internal combustion engine or motor to propel any form of vehicle, machine, or mechanical contrivance. It includes all forms of fuel commonly or commercially known or sold as butane, propane, liquefied natural gas, or compressed natural gas.

Terms Used In South Carolina Code 12-28-110

  • department: means the South Carolina Department of Revenue. See South Carolina Code 9-16-90
  • partnership: includes a limited liability company taxed for South Carolina income tax purposes as a partnership;

    (2) "partner" includes a member of a limited liability company taxed for South Carolina income tax purposes as a partnership;

    (3) "corporation" includes a limited liability company or professional or other association taxed for South Carolina income tax purposes as a corporation; and

    (4) "shareholder" includes a member of a limited liability company taxed for South Carolina income tax purposes as a corporation. See South Carolina Code 9-16-315
  • person: includes any individual, trust, estate, partnership, receiver, association, company, limited liability company, corporation, or other entity or group; and

    (2) "individual" means a human being. See South Carolina Code 12-2-20

(2) "Blend stock" includes any petroleum product component of gasoline, such as naphtha, reformate, or toluene, that can be blended for use in a motor fuel. However, it does not include any substance that ultimately is used for consumer nonmotor fuel use and is sold or removed in drum quantities 55 gallons or less at the time of the removal or sale.

(3) "Blended fuel" means a mixture composed of gasoline or diesel fuel and another liquid, other than a de minimis amount of a product such as carburetor detergent or oxidation inhibitor, that can be used as a fuel in a highway vehicle.

(4) "Blender" includes a person who produces blended motor fuel outside the bulk transfer/terminal system.

(5) "Blending" means the mixing of one or more petroleum products, with or without another product, regardless of the original character of the product blended, if the product obtained by the blending is capable of use or otherwise sold for use in the generation of power for the propulsion of a motor vehicle, an airplane, or a motorboat. It does not include blending that occurs in the process of refining by the original refiner of crude petroleum or the blending or products known as lubricating oil and greases.

(6) "Bulk end user" means a person who receives into the person’s own storage facilities in transport truck lots of motor fuel subject to the user fee for the person’s consumption.

(7) "Bulk plant" means a motor fuel storage and distribution facility that is not a terminal and from which motor fuel may be removed at a rack.

(8) "Bulk transfer" means a transfer of motor fuel from one location to another by pipeline tender or marine delivery within bulk transfer/terminal system.

(9) "Bulk transfer/terminal system" means the motor fuel distribution system consisting of refineries, pipelines, vessels, and terminals. Gasoline in a refinery, pipeline, vessel, or terminal is in the bulk transfer/terminal system. Motor fuel subject to the user fee in the fuel supply tank of an engine, or in a tank car, rail car, trailer, truck, or other equipment suitable for ground transportation is not in the bulk transfer/terminal system.

(10) "Director" means the administrative head of the Department of Revenue or his designee.

(11) "Dead storage" is the amount of motor fuel subject to the user fee that will not be pumped out of a storage tank because the motor fuel is below the mouth of the draw pipe. For this purpose, a dealer may assume that the amount of motor fuel in dead storage is two hundred gallons for a tank with a capacity of ten thousand gallons or less and four hundred gallons for a tank with a capacity of more than ten thousand gallons.

(12) "Delivery" means the placing of motor fuel subject to the user fee or any liquid into the fuel tank of a motor vehicle.

(13) "Department" means the South Carolina Department of Revenue.

(14) "Destination state" means the state, territory, or foreign country to which motor fuel is directed for delivery into a storage facility, a receptacle, a container, or a type of transportation equipment for the purpose of resale or use.

(15) "Diesel fuel" means a liquid, including biodiesel and a biodiesel blend that is commonly or commercially known or sold as a fuel that is suitable for use in a diesel-powered highway vehicle. A liquid meets this requirement if, without further processing or blending, the liquid has practical and commercial fitness for use in the propulsion engine of a diesel-powered highway vehicle. However, a liquid does not possess this practical and commercial fitness solely by reason of its possible or rare use as a fuel in the propulsion engine of a diesel-powered highway vehicle. "Diesel fuel" does not include jet fuel if the buyer is registered to purchase jet fuel subject to federal taxes applicable to jet fuel and the seller obtains certification of that fact satisfactory to the Internal Revenue Service before making the sale.

(16) "Diesel-powered highway vehicle" means a motor vehicle operated on a highway that is propelled by a diesel-powered engine.

(17) "Distributor" means a person who acquires motor fuel from a supplier or from another distributor for subsequent sale or use.

(18) "Dyed diesel fuel" means diesel fuel that is required to be dyed under United States Environmental Protection Agency and Internal Revenue Service rules or pursuant to other requirements subsequently set by the agency or service including any invisible marker requirements.

(19) "Eligible purchaser" means a person who has been authorized by the department pursuant to Section 12-28-930 to make the election under Section 12-28-925.

(20) "Enterer" includes a person who is the importer of record under federal customs law with respect to motor fuel subject to the user fee. If the importer of record is acting as an agent, the person for whom the agent is acting is the enterer. If there is no importer of record of motor fuel subject to the user fee entered into this State, the owner of the diesel fuel at the time it is brought into South Carolina is the enterer.

(21) "Entry" means the importing of motor fuel subject to the user fee into this State. However, if motor fuel subject to the user fee is brought into this State in the fuel tank of a motor vehicle, it is not deemed to be an "entry" if it is not removed from the fuel tank except as used for the propulsion of that motor vehicle, except to the extent that motor fuel subject to the user fee was acquired user fee-free for export or a refund of the user fee was claimed as a result of exportation from the state from which that motor fuel subject to the user fee was transported into South Carolina.

(22) "Ethanol" means "fuel grade ethanol".

(23) "Export" means to obtain motor fuel in this State for sale or other distribution in another state. In applying this definition, motor fuel delivered out-of-state by or for the seller constitutes an export by the seller and motor fuel delivered out-of-state by or for the purchaser constitutes an export by the purchaser.

(24) "Exporter" means a person, other than a supplier, who purchases motor fuel subject to the user fee in this State for the purpose of transporting or delivering the fuel to another state or country.

(25) "Fuel grade ethanol" means American Society for Testing and Materials standard in effect January 1, 1995, and successor rules, as the D-4806 specification for denatured fuel grade ethanol for blending with gasoline for use as automatic spark-ignition engine fuels.

(26) "Fuel transportation vehicle" means a vehicle designed for highway use which also is designed or used to transport motor fuels subject to the user fee and includes transport trucks and tank wagons.

(27) "Gasohol" means blended fuel composed of gasoline and fuel alcohol.

(28) "Gasoline" means all products commonly or commercially known or sold as gasoline that are suitable for use as a motor fuel. It does not include a product sold as a product other than gasoline and has an American Society for Testing Materials octane number of less than seventy-five as determined by the "motor method" and does not include aviation gasoline if the buyer is registered to purchase aviation gasoline free of user fees and the seller obtains certification of that fact satisfactory to the Department before making the sale.

(29) "Gasoline blend stocks" includes any petroleum product component of gasoline, such as naphtha, reformate, or toluene, that can be blended for use in a motor fuel. However, it does not include any substance that ultimately is used for consumer nonmotor fuel use and is sold or removed in drum quantities fifty-five gallons or less at the time of the removal or sale.

(30) "Gross gallons" means the total, measured product, exclusive of temperature or pressure adjustments, considerations or deductions, in United States gallons.

(31) "Heating oil" means a motor fuel subject to the user fee that is burned in a boiler, furnace, or stove for heating or industrial processing purposes.

(32) "Highway vehicle" means a self-propelled vehicle that is designed for use on a highway.

(33) "Import" means to bring motor fuel into this State for sale, use, or storage by any means of conveyance other than in the fuel supply tank of a motor vehicle. In applying this definition, motor fuel delivered into this State from out-of-state by or for the seller constitutes an import by the seller, and motor fuel delivered into this State from out-of-state by or for the purchaser constitutes an import by the purchaser.

(34) "Import verification number" means the number assigned by the department or its delegate or appointee with respect to a single transport truck delivery into this State from another state upon request for an assigned number by an importer or the transporter carrying motor fuel subject to the user fee into this State for the account of an importer.

(35) "In this State" means the area within the borders of South Carolina including all territories within the borders owned by or added to the United States of America.

(36) "Invoiced gallons" means the gallons actually billed on an invoice in payment to a supplier.

(37) "K-1 kerosene" means burner fuel designed for unvented space heaters which meets American Society for Testing Materials standard D-3699, in effect January 1, 1995, and successor rules, as the specification for #1-K kerosene.

(38) "Liquid" means a substance that is liquid in excess of sixty degrees Fahrenheit and a pressure of fourteen and seven-tenths pounds a square inch absolute.

(39) "Motor fuel" means gasoline, diesel fuel, substitute fuel, renewable fuel, alternative fuel, and blended fuel.

(40) "Motor fuel transporter" means a person who transports motor fuel by transport truck or railroad tank car.

(41) "Motor vehicle" means a vehicle that is propelled by an internal combustion engine or motor and is designed to permit the vehicle’s mobile use on highways. It does not include:

(a) farm machinery including machinery designed for off-road use but capable of movement on roads at low speeds;

(b) a vehicle operated on rails; or

(c) machinery designed principally for off-road use.

(42) "Net gallons" means the remaining product, after all considerations and deductions have been made, measured in United States gallons, corrected to a temperature of sixty degrees Fahrenheit, thirteen degrees Celsius, and a pressure of fourteen and seven-tenths pounds a square inch, the ultimate end amount.

(43) "Permissive supplier" means a person who does not meet the geographic jurisdictional connections to this State required of a supplier as defined in Section 12-28-920(A), but who:

(a) is a position holder in a federally qualified terminal located outside this State; or

(b) acquires a product in out-of-state terminals from a position holder in a transaction that otherwise qualifies as a two-party exchange under Section 12-28-110(63); and under this subitem and subitem (a);

(c) is registered under Section 4101 of the Internal Revenue Code for transactions in taxable motor fuels in the bulk transfer/terminal distribution system.

(44) "Person" means a natural person, a partnership, a firm, an association, a corporation, a representative appointed by a court, the State, a political subdivision or any other entity, group, or syndicate.

(45) "Position holder" means the person who holds the inventory position in motor fuel in a terminal, as reflected on the records of the terminal operator. A person holds the inventory position in motor fuel when that person has a contract with the terminal operator for the use of storage facilities and terminaling services for fuel at the terminal. The term includes a terminal operator who owns fuel in the terminal.

(46) "Public highway" means the entire width between boundary lines of each publicly maintained way in this State, including streets and alleys in municipalities, when any part of the way is open to the public use for vehicle travel.

(47) "Qualified terminal" means a qualified terminal as defined under Internal Revenue Code, regulation, and practices and which has been assigned a terminal control number by the Internal Revenue Service.

(48) "Rack" means a mechanism for delivering motor fuel from a refinery, a terminal, or a bulk plant into a railroad tank car, a transport truck, or another means of bulk transfer outside of the bulk transfer/terminal system.

(49) "Refiner" means a person who owns, operates, or otherwise controls a refinery within the United States.

(50) "Refinery" means a facility used to produce motor fuel subject to the user fee from crude oil, unfinished oils, natural gas liquids, or other hydrocarbons and from which motor fuel subject to the user fee may be removed by pipeline, by vessel, or at a rack.

(51) "Removal" means a physical transfer other than by evaporation, loss, or destruction of motor fuel subject to the user fee from a terminal, manufacturing plant, customs custody, pipeline, marine vessel including barges and tankers, refinery, or any receptacle that stores motor fuel subject to the user fee.

(52) "Retailer" means a person who engages in the business of selling or distributing to the end user within this State.

(53)(a) "Supplier" means a person who meets all the following conditions:

(i) is subject to the general taxing jurisdiction of this State;

(ii) is registered under Section 4101 of the Internal Revenue Code for transactions in taxable motor fuels in the bulk transfer/terminal distribution system; and

(iii) is one of the following:

1. is the "position holder" in a terminal or refinery in this State;

2. imports motor fuel subject to the user fee into this State from a foreign country;

3. acquires motor fuel subject to the user fee from a terminal or refinery in this State from a position holder pursuant to a "two-party exchange";

4. is the position holder in a terminal or refinery outside this State with respect to motor fuel subject to the user fee which that person imports into this State on his account.

(b) A terminal operator is not considered a supplier merely because the terminal operator handles motor fuel subject to the user fee consigned to it within a terminal. When the term "supplier" is used in this chapter other than in this section, it is deemed to also refer the term "permissive supplier" unless provided otherwise.

(54) "Tank wagon" means a straight truck having multiple compartments designed or used to carry liquid motor fuel.

(55) "Motor fuel subject to the user fee" means gasoline, diesel fuel, kerosene, blended fuel, substitute fuel, alternative fuel and blends of them and any other substance blended with them.

(56) "Terminal" is a storage and distribution facility for motor fuel subject to the user fee, supplied by pipeline or marine vessel, which has been registered as a qualified terminal by the Internal Revenue Service.

(57)(a) "Terminal bulk transfers" include, but are not limited to: a marine barge movement of fuel from a refinery or terminal to a terminal;

(b) pipeline movements of fuel from a refinery or terminal to a terminal.

(c) book transfers of products within a terminal between suppliers before completion of removal across the rack;

(d) two-party exchanges between licensed suppliers.

(58) "Terminal operator" is a person who owns, operates, or otherwise controls a terminal and does not use a substantial portion of the motor fuel subject to the user fee that is transferred through or stored in the terminal for its own use. "For its own use" means for its own consumption or in the manufacture of products other than motor fuel. A terminal operator may own the motor fuel subject to the user fee that is transferred through or stored in the terminal.

(59) "Throughputter" means a person who does all of the following:

(a) receives transfer of motor fuel subject to the user fee from refiners, importers, terminal operators, or other throughputters;

(b) stores the motor fuel subject to the user fee in a terminal;

(c) owns the motor fuel subject to the user fee or holds the inventory position to the motor fuel subject to the user fee, as reflected on the records of the terminal operator, at the time of removal or sale from a terminal.

(60) "Transmix" means the buffer or interface between two different products in a pipeline shipment or a mix of two different products within a refinery or terminal that results in an off-grade mixture.

(61) "Transport truck" means a semitrailer or trailer combination rig designed or used to transport liquid motor fuel over the highways.

(62) "Transporter" means a person engaged in the business of transporting motor fuels subject to the user fee.

(63) "Two-party exchange" means a transaction in which a product is transferred from one licensed supplier or licensed permissive supplier to another pursuant to an exchange agreement. An exchange agreement means an agreement between a licensed supplier or licensed permissive supplier and another licensed supplier or permissive supplier where one is a position holder in a terminal who agrees to deliver motor fuel subject to the user fee to the other party or the other party’s customer at the loading rack of the terminal where the delivering party holds an inventory position.

(64) "Ultimate purchaser" means a person who uses motor fuel subject to the user fee.

(65) "Ultimate vendor" means a person who sells motor fuel subject to the user fee to the user of the fuel, the ultimate purchaser.

(66) "Undyed diesel fuel" means diesel fuel that is not subject to the United States Environmental Protection Agency requirements, or has not been dyed in accordance with Internal Revenue Service Fuel dyeing provisions.

(67) "Vehicle fuel tank" means any receptacle on a motor vehicle from which fuel is supplied for the propulsion of the motor vehicle.

(68) "Wholesaler" means a person who acquires motor fuel subject to the user fee from a supplier or from another wholesaler for subsequent sale and distribution at wholesale by tank cars, motor vehicles, or both.

(69) "Substitute fuel" means a liquid that is commonly and commercially known or sold as a fuel that is suitable for use in a highway vehicle. The fuel meets this requirement if, without further processing or blending, the fuel is a fluid and has practical and commercial fitness for use in the propulsion of a highway vehicle. This includes all liquids regardless of temperature or pressure.

(70) "Biodiesel" means a fuel composed of mono-alkyl esters of long chain fatty acids generally derived from vegetable oils or animal fats, commonly known as B100, that is commonly and commercially known or sold as a fuel that is suitable for use in a highway vehicle. The fuel meets this requirement if, without further processing or blending, the fuel is a fluid and has practical and commercial fitness for use in the propulsion of a highway vehicle. "Biodiesel" means a diesel fuel substitute produced from nonpetroleum renewable resources that meets the registration requirements for fuels and fuel additives established by the United States Environmental Protection Agency pursuant to Section 211 of the Clean Air Act (42 U.S.C. 7545) and that meets the American Society for Testing and Materials D6751-02a Standard Specification for Biodiesel Fuel (B100) Blend Stock for Distillate Fuels.

(71) "Biodiesel blend" means a blend of biodiesel fuel with petroleum based diesel fuel, commonly designated Bxx where xx represents the volume percentage of biodiesel fuel in the blend (for example B20 is 20 percent biodiesel, 80 percent petro diesel), and that is commonly and commercially known or sold as a fuel that is suitable for use in a highway vehicle. The fuel meets this requirement if, without further processing or blending, the fuel is a fluid and has practical and commercial fitness for use in the propulsion of a highway vehicle.

(72) "Renewable fuel" means liquid nonpetroleum based fuels that can be placed in vehicle fuel tanks and used as a fuel in a highway vehicle. It includes all forms of fuel commonly or commercially known or sold as biodiesel and ethanol.

(73) "Diesel gallon equivalent" or "DGE" means the amount of liquefied natural gas containing the same energy content as one gallon of diesel. For purposes of calculating the motor fuel user fee on liquefied natural gas that is used or consumed in this State in producing or generating power for propelling a motor vehicle, each 6.06 pounds of liquefied natural gas equals one gallon of motor fuel.

(74) "Gasoline gallon equivalent" or "GGE" means the amount of compressed natural gas or liquefied petroleum gas containing the same energy content as one gallon of gasoline. For purposes of calculating the motor fuel user fee on compressed natural gas or liquefied petroleum gas that is used or consumed in South Carolina in producing or generating power for propelling a motor vehicle, each 126.67 cubic feet of compressed natural gas, or 5.66 pounds if the compressed natural gas is dispensed via a mass flow meter, equals one gallon of motor fuel and each gallon of liquefied petroleum gas equals .73 of a gallon of motor fuel.