Terms Used In South Carolina Code > Title 16 > Chapter 13 > Article 1
- Accident and health insurance: means insurance of human beings against death or personal injury by accident, and each insurance of human beings against sickness, ailment, and any type of physical disability resulting from accident or disease, and prepaid dental service, but not including coverages required by the Workers' Compensation Law of this State. See South Carolina Code 38-1-20
- Administrator: means the administrator of the Department of Consumer Affairs. See South Carolina Code 40-68-10
- Administrator: means the Administrator of the Department of Consumer Affairs (department) or the administrator's designees. See South Carolina Code 40-58-20
- Administrator: means the individual to whom the director has delegated authority to administer the programs of a specific board or of a professional or occupational group for which the department has regulatory authority or has delegated authority to administer the programs of a specific board;
(2) "Authorization to practice" or "Practice authorization" means the approval to practice the specified profession, engage in the specified occupation, or use a title protected under this article, which has been granted by the applicable board. See South Carolina Code 40-1-20
- Admitted assets: means assets of an insurer considered admitted on the most recent statutory financial statement of the insurer filed with the department pursuant to Section 38-13-80. See South Carolina Code 38-1-20
- Advanced Practice Social Worker: means a person duly licensed to practice independent advanced practice social work under this act. See South Carolina Code 40-63-20
- Advanced Practice Supervision: means an interactional professional and educational relationship between an advanced practice supervisor and a social worker that provides evaluation and direction over the supervisee's practice of advanced practice social work and promotes continued development of the social worker's knowledge, skills, and abilities to engage in the practice of advanced practice social work in an ethical and competent manner. See South Carolina Code 40-63-20
- Advertising: means a commercial message in a medium that promotes, either directly or indirectly, a mortgage loan transaction. See South Carolina Code 40-58-20
- Advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
- Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
- Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
- Alarm business: means an entity that is licensed by the South Carolina Contractor's Licensing Board to engage in the burglar or fire alarm system business, or both. See South Carolina Code 40-79-20
- Alarm technician: means an individual who specializes in any activity or work related to the set up or installation, repair, alteration, or connection of an alarm system to a client's property. See South Carolina Code 40-79-20
- Alien insurer: means an insurer incorporated or organized under the laws of a country other than the United States of America, its states, commonwealths, territories, or insular possessions. See South Carolina Code 38-1-20
- Allegation: something that someone says happened.
- Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
- Annual percentage rate: The cost of credit at a yearly rate. It is calculated in a standard way, taking the average compound interest rate over the term of the loan so borrowers can compare loans. Lenders are required by law to disclose a card account's APR. Source: FDIC
- Annuity: means each contract or agreement to make periodic payments, whether in fixed or variable dollar amounts, or both, at specified intervals. See South Carolina Code 38-1-20
- Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
- APA: means the American Pyrotechnics Association. See South Carolina Code 40-56-20
- Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
- Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
- Applicant: means a business seeking to be licensed under this chapter or seeking the renewal of a license under this chapter. See South Carolina Code 40-68-10
- Appointment: means an individual designated by an official or authorized representative of an authorized insurer to act on its behalf as a producer. See South Carolina Code 38-1-20
- Appraisal: A determination of property value.
- Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
- Approved Advanced Practice Supervisor: means a licensed advanced practice social worker who has met the qualifications as determined by the board. See South Carolina Code 40-63-20
- Approved Clinical Supervisor: means a licensed clinical social worker who has met the qualifications as determined by the board. See South Carolina Code 40-63-20
- Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
- ASHA: means the American Speech-Language Hearing Association. See South Carolina Code 40-67-20
- Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
- Assigned employee: means a person performing services for a client company as affected by a contract between a licensee and client company in which employment responsibilities are shared. See South Carolina Code 40-68-10
- Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
- Attorney-at-law: A person who is legally qualified and licensed to practice law, and to represent and act for clients in legal proceedings.
- Audiologist: means an individual who practices audiology. See South Carolina Code 40-67-20
- audiology service: means screening, identifying, assessing, diagnosing, habilitating, and rehabilitating individuals with peripheral and central auditory and vestibular disorders; preventing hearing loss; researching normal and disordered auditory and vestibular functions; administering and interpreting behavioral and physiological measures of the peripheral and central auditory and vestibular systems; selecting, fitting, programming, and dispensing all types of amplification and assistive listening devices including hearing aids, and providing training in their use; providing aural habilitation, rehabilitation, and counseling to hearing impaired individuals and their families; designing, implementing, and coordinating industrial and community hearing conservation programs; training and supervising individuals not licensed in accordance with this chapter who perform air conduction threshold testing in the industrial setting; designing and coordinating infant hearing screening and supervising individuals not licensed in accordance with this chapter who perform infant hearing screenings; performing speech or language screening, limited to a pass-fail determination; screening of other skills for the purpose of audiological evaluation; and identifying individuals with other communication disorders. See South Carolina Code 40-67-20
- Authorized agency: means any duly constituted criminal investigative department or agency of the United States or of this State; the Department of Insurance; the Department of Revenue; the Department of Public Safety; the Department of Motor Vehicles; the Workers' Compensation Commission; the State Accident Fund; the Second Injury Fund; the Department of Employment and Workforce; the Department of Consumer Affairs; the Human Affairs Commission; the Department of Health and Environmental Control; the Department of Social Services; the Department of Health and Human Services; the Department of Labor, Licensing and Regulation; all other state boards, commissions, and agencies; the Office of the Attorney General of South Carolina; or the prosecuting attorney of any judicial circuit, county, municipality, or political subdivision of this State or of the United States, and their respective employees or personnel acting in their official capacity. See South Carolina Code 38-55-530
- Baccalaureate Social Worker: means a person duly licensed to practice baccalaureate social work under this act. See South Carolina Code 40-63-20
- Balanced budget: A budget in which receipts equal outlays.
- Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
- Basic health insurance plan: means a lower cost health insurance plan developed pursuant to Section 38-71-1420. See South Carolina Code 38-71-1330
- Beneficiary: A person who is entitled to receive the benefits or proceeds of a will, trust, insurance policy, retirement plan, annuity, or other contract. Source: OCC
- Benefit contract: means the agreement for provision of benefits authorized by this chapter, as that agreement is described in this chapter. See South Carolina Code 38-38-40
- Benefit member: means an adult member who is designated by the bylaws or rules of the society to be a benefit member under a benefit contract. See South Carolina Code 38-38-40
- Bid: means an offer to furnish labor, equipment or materials, or other services regulated by this chapter. See South Carolina Code 40-79-20
- Board: means the South Carolina State Board of Examiners in Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology. See South Carolina Code 40-67-20
- Board: means the State Board of Registration for Geologists. See South Carolina Code 40-77-20
- Board: means the board of directors of the program established pursuant to Section 38-71-1410. See South Carolina Code 38-71-1330
- Board: means the South Carolina Contractor's Licensing Board. See South Carolina Code 40-79-20
- Board: means the State Board of Pyrotechnic Safety. See South Carolina Code 40-56-20
- Board: means the South Carolina State Board of Examiners for Registered Environmental Sanitarians. See South Carolina Code 40-61-10
- Board: means the South Carolina Board of Social Work Examiners. See South Carolina Code 40-63-20
- Borrower: means a natural person in whose dwelling a security interest is or is intended to be retained or acquired if that person's ownership interest in the dwelling is or is to be subject to the security interest. See South Carolina Code 40-58-20
- Branch manager: means the natural person who is in charge of and who is responsible for the business operations of a branch office of a licensee. See South Carolina Code 40-58-20
- Branch office: means an office of the licensee that is separate and distinct from the licensee's principal office. See South Carolina Code 40-58-20
- Burglar alarm system business: means a person, firm, association, partnership, corporation, or other legal entity authorized by law and approved by the board that designs, installs, services, maintains, or alters burglar alarm systems, including burglar alarm systems with an electric fence as defined herein, and heat and smoke sensors installed within a burglar alarm system; a burglar alarm system detects intrusion, burglary, and breaking or entering but does not include home health care signaling devices. See South Carolina Code 40-79-20
- Bylaws: means the society's articles of incorporation, constitution, and bylaws, however designated. See South Carolina Code 38-38-40
- Case Management: means a procedure to plan, provide, and monitor services from a variety of resources on behalf of and in collaboration with a client. See South Carolina Code 40-63-20
- Casualty insurance: means each insurance against legal liability of the insured for bodily injury to or death of another person, including workers' compensation insurance, and for damages to or loss or destruction of the property of another person; medical payments insurance when written in conjunction with insurance covering liability for the deaths or bodily injuries of another person; guaranteeing the fidelity of a person holding a position of public or private trust; loss of or damage to property caused by burglary, theft, larceny, robbery, fraud, or unlawful taking or secretion of property owned by or entrusted to the insured; loss of or damage to property of the insured resulting from the explosion of or damage to a fired or unfired boiler or other pressure vessel, engine, turbine, compressor, pump, wheel, or an apparatus generating, transmitting, or using electric power, and machinery or equipment connected with any of them; loss resulting from nonpayment of debts owed to merchants or another person extending credit. See South Carolina Code 38-1-20
- Certificate: means the document issued as written evidence of the benefit contract. See South Carolina Code 38-38-40
- Certificate of insurance: means a memorandum copy, complete or abbreviated, of an insurance contract. See South Carolina Code 38-1-20
- Certificate of registration: means a serially numbered document issued by the board certifying that the person named therein has been duly registered by the board as a registered sanitarian, containing the name of the person registered and the date of registration, and authenticated by the signatures as determined by the board. See South Carolina Code 40-61-10
- Chambers: A judge's office.
- Charity: An agency, institution, or organization in existence and operating for the benefit of an indefinite number of persons and conducted for educational, religious, scientific, medical, or other beneficent purposes.
- Claim: means a request from a pharmacy or pharmacist to be reimbursed for the cost of filling or refilling a prescription for a drug or for providing a medical supply or device. See South Carolina Code 38-71-2110
- Claim: means a request from a pharmacy or pharmacist to be reimbursed for the cost of administering, filling, or refilling a prescription for a drug or for providing a medical supply or device. See South Carolina Code 38-71-2200
- Claims processing services: means the administrative services performed in connection with the processing and adjudicating of claims relating to pharmacist services that include:
(a) receiving payments for pharmacist services;
(b) making payments to pharmacists or pharmacies for pharmacist services; or
(c) both receiving and making payments. See South Carolina Code 38-71-2200
- Clean claim: means an eligible electronic or paper claim for reimbursement that:
(a) is received by the insurer within one hundred twenty business days of the date the health care services at issue were performed;
(b)(i) when submitted via paper has all the elements of the standardized CMS 1500 or UB 04 claim form, or the successor of each as either may be amended from time to time; or
(ii) when submitted via an electronic transaction, uses only permitted standard code sets and has all the elements of the standard electronic formats as required by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 and other federal and state regulatory authority;
(c) is for health care services covered by the health insurance plan and rendered to an insured person by a provider eligible for reimbursement under the health insurance plan;
(d) has any corresponding referral that may be required for the applicable claim;
(e) is a claim for which the insurer is the primary payor, or for which the insurer's responsibility as a secondary payor has been clearly established;
(f) has no material defect, error, or impropriety that would affect the adjudication of the claim;
(g) includes all required substantiating documentation or coding;
(h) is not subject to any particular circumstance that the insurer reasonably believes, subject to review by the Department of Insurance, would prevent accurate or timely payment from being made on the claim under the terms of the health insurance plan, the participating provider agreement, or the insurer's published filing requirements; and
(i) is under a health insurance plan for which the insurer has been timely paid all applicable premiums. See South Carolina Code 38-59-210
- Clerk of court: An officer appointed by the court to work with the chief judge in overseeing the court's administration, especially to assist in managing the flow of cases through the court and to maintain court records.
- Client: means the individual, couple, family, group, organization, or community that seeks or receives social work services. See South Carolina Code 40-63-20
- Client company: means a person that contracts with a licensee and is assigned employees by the licensee under that contract. See South Carolina Code 40-68-10
- Clinical Social Worker: means a person duly licensed to practice clinical social work under this act. See South Carolina Code 40-63-20
- Clinical Supervision: means an interactional professional and educational relationship between a clinical supervisor and a social worker that provides evaluation and direction over the supervisee's practice of clinical social work and promotes continued development of the social worker's knowledge, skills, and abilities to engage in the practice of clinical social work in an ethical and competent manner. See South Carolina Code 40-63-20
- Coinsurance: means a stipulation or requirement that the insured undertakes to be his own insurer to the extent that he fails to maintain insurance of a given percentage of the value of the property against loss or damage. See South Carolina Code 38-1-20
- Commission: means the part of the premium paid to the producer as compensation for his services. See South Carolina Code 38-1-20
- Commission: means the group of individuals charged by law with the responsibility of licensing or otherwise regulating an occupation or profession within the State. See South Carolina Code 40-1-20
- commitment: means a statement, written or electronic, by the mortgage lender setting forth the terms and conditions upon which the mortgage lender is willing to make a particular mortgage loan to a particular borrower. See South Carolina Code 40-58-20
- Committee: means the advisory committee to the commissioner referred to in Section 38-71-1420. See South Carolina Code 38-71-1330
- Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
- Company: includes a corporation, fraternal organization, burial association, other association, partnership, society, order, individual, or aggregation of individuals engaging or proposing or attempting to engage as principals in any kind of insurance or surety business, including the exchanging of reciprocal or interinsurance contracts between individuals, partnerships, and corporations. See South Carolina Code 38-1-20
- Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
- Consultation: means a problem solving process in which expertise is offered to an individual, group, organization, or community. See South Carolina Code 40-63-20
- Consumer fireworks: means any small firework device designed to produce visible effects by combustion and which must comply with the construction, chemical composition, and labeling regulations of the U. See South Carolina Code 40-56-20
- Containers: means all vessels including, but not limited to, tanks, cylinders, or pressure vessels used for storage of liquefied petroleum gases. See South Carolina Code 40-82-20
- Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
- Continuing Education: means education and training, which are oriented to maintain, improve, or enhance social work practice. See South Carolina Code 40-63-20
- Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
- Contractor: means an entity licensed to engage in the burglar or fire alarm system business. See South Carolina Code 40-79-20
- Contractor: means a person or company engaging in the installation, servicing, repairing, adjusting, disconnecting or connecting piping to bulk storage tanks, pumps, compressors and equipment for gas systems. See South Carolina Code 40-82-20
- control: means ownership of all of the voting stock or comparable voting interest of the controlled person. See South Carolina Code 40-58-20
- Controlling person: means :
(a) an officer or director of a corporation seeking to offer professional employer services, a shareholder holding ten percent or more of the voting stock of a corporation seeking to offer professional employer services, or a partner of a partnership seeking to offer professional employer services;
(b) an individual who possesses, directly or indirectly, the power to direct or cause the direction of the management or policies of a company seeking to offer professional employer services through the ownership of voting securities, by contract or otherwise, and who is actively involved in the day-to-day management of the company; or
(c) an individual employed, appointed, or authorized by a business seeking to offer professional employer services to enter into a contractual relationship with a client company on behalf of the business. See South Carolina Code 40-68-10
- Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
- cooperative: means a private purchasing cooperative composed of small employers formed under this article. See South Carolina Code 38-71-1330
- Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
- Counseling: means a method used by social workers to assist individuals, couples, families, and groups in learning how to solve problems and make decisions about personal, health, social, educational, vocational, financial, and other interpersonal concerns. See South Carolina Code 40-63-20
- Counterclaim: A claim that a defendant makes against a plaintiff.
- CPSC: means the U. See South Carolina Code 40-56-20
- Credit report: A detailed report of an individual's credit history prepared by a credit bureau and used by a lender in determining a loan applicant's creditworthiness. Source: OCC
- Credit Score: A number, roughly between 300 and 800, that measures an individual's credit worthiness. The most well-known type of credit score is the FICO score. This score represents the answer from a mathematical formula that assigns numerical values to various pieces of information in your credit report. Source: OCC
- Customer service personnel: means an individual working for a licensed alarm entity who provides support for customer problems, complaints, questions, and concerns involving an alarm system. See South Carolina Code 40-79-20
- Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
- Dealer: means a person engaging in the installation of liquefied petroleum gas systems or in the manufacture, distribution, sale, storing, or transporting by tank truck, tank trailer, or container of liquefied petroleum gases or engaging in installing, servicing, repairing, adjusting, disconnecting, or connecting appliances to liquefied petroleum gas systems and containers. See South Carolina Code 40-82-20
- Dealer: means any person, corporation, or partnership who buys precious metal or precious or semiprecious stones or gems from the general public, whether in bulk or in manufactured form, with an intent to obtain a monetary profit for himself or for a principal. See South Carolina Code 40-54-10
- Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
- Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
- Delivered by electronic means: includes :
(a) delivery to an electronic mail address at which a party has consented to receive notices or documents; or
(b) placement on an electronic network or site accessible by means of the Internet, mobile application, computer, mobile device, tablet, or another electronic device, together with separate written notice of the placement that must be provided by electronic mail to the address at which the party has consented to receive notice or by another delivery method that has been consented to by the party. See South Carolina Code 38-55-710
- Department: means the Department of Labor, Licensing and Regulation. See South Carolina Code 40-65-20
- Department: means the South Carolina Department of Consumer Affairs. See South Carolina Code 40-68-10
- Department: means the Department of Insurance of South Carolina. See South Carolina Code 38-1-20
- Department: means the Department of Labor, Licensing and Regulation. See South Carolina Code 40-79-20
- Department: means the Department of Labor, Licensing and Regulation. See South Carolina Code 40-56-20
- Department: means the Department of Labor, Licensing and Regulation;
(5) "Director" means the Director of the Department of Labor, Licensing and Regulation or the director's official designee;
(6) "Licensee" means a person granted an authorization to practice pursuant to this article and refers to a person holding a license, permit, certification, or registration granted pursuant to this article;
(7) "Licensing act" means the individual statute or regulations, or both, of each regulated profession or occupation which include, but are not limited to, board governance, the qualifications and requirements for authorization to practice, prohibitions, and disciplinary procedures;
(8) "Person" means an individual, partnership, or corporation;
(9) "Profession" or "occupation" means a profession or occupation regulated or administered, or both, by the department pursuant to this article. See South Carolina Code 40-1-20
- Dependent: means a spouse, an unmarried child under the age of nineteen years, an unmarried child who is a full-time student between the ages of nineteen and twenty-two and who is financially dependent upon the parent, and an unmarried child of any age who is medically certified as disabled and dependent upon the parent. See South Carolina Code 38-71-1330
- Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
- Designee or deputy director: means the person or persons appointed by the director, serving at the will and pleasure of the director as his designee, to supervise and carry out the functions and duties of the department as provided by law. See South Carolina Code 38-1-20
- Director: means the Director of the Department of Labor, Licensing and Regulation. See South Carolina Code 40-67-20
- Director: means the person who is appointed by the Governor upon the advice and consent of the Senate and who is responsible for the operation and management of the department. See South Carolina Code 38-1-20
- Director: means the Director of the Department of Insurance of this State. See South Carolina Code 38-71-1330
- Director: means the Director of the Department of Insurance of this State. See South Carolina Code 38-38-40
- Director: means the Director of the Department of Labor, Licensing and Regulation. See South Carolina Code 40-63-20
- Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
- Display fireworks: means large fireworks designed primarily to produce visible or audible effects by combustion, deflagration, or detonation. See South Carolina Code 40-56-20
- Domestic insurer: means an insurer incorporated or organized under the laws of this State. See South Carolina Code 38-1-20
- Donee: The recipient of a gift.
- Donor: The person who makes a gift.
- Dwelling: means the same as the term in Section 226. See South Carolina Code 40-58-20
- Electric fence: means an electrified fence with a height not to exceed ten feet or two feet higher than the perimeter fence, whichever is higher, that is equipped with an energizer, driven by a commercial storage battery that does not exceed twelve volts DC. See South Carolina Code 40-79-20
- Electronic funds transfer: The transfer of money between accounts by consumer electronic systems-such as automated teller machines (ATMs) and electronic payment of bills-rather than by check or cash. (Wire transfers, checks, drafts, and paper instruments do not fall into this category.) Source: OCC
- Eligible employee: means an employee:
(a) as defined in Section 38-71-710(1) or Section 38-71-840(7) who works on a full-time basis and has a normal workweek of thirty or more hours; or
(b) who is a licensed real estate person engaged in the sale, leasing, or rental of real estate for a licensed real estate broker on a straight commission basis, who has signed a valid independent contractor agreement with the broker who works on a full-time basis and has a normal workweek of thirty or more hours. See South Carolina Code 38-71-1330
- Embezzlement: In most states, embezzlement is defined as theft/larceny of assets (money or property) by a person in a position of trust or responsibility over those assets. Embezzlement typically occurs in the employment and corporate settings. Source: OCC
- Emergency medical care: means those health care services provided in a hospital emergency facility to evaluate and treat an emergency medical condition. See South Carolina Code 38-71-1520
- Emergency medical condition: means a medical condition manifesting itself by acute symptoms of sufficient severity, including severe pain, such that a prudent layperson who possesses an average knowledge of health and medicine could reasonably expect the absence of immediate medical attention to result in:
(a) placing the health of the individual, or with respect to a pregnant woman, the health of the woman or her unborn child, in serious jeopardy;
(b) serious impairment to bodily functions; or
(c) serious dysfunction of any bodily organ or part. See South Carolina Code 38-71-1520
- Employee: means a natural person who has an employment relationship, acknowledged by both the natural person and the mortgage broker, and is treated like an employee for purposes of compliance with the federal income tax laws. See South Carolina Code 40-58-20
- Employees: as used in this article includes, for the purposes of insurance hereunder, as employees of a single employer, the officers, managers, and employees of the employer and of subsidiary or affiliated corporations of a corporate employer and the individual proprietors, partners, and employees of individuals and firms the business of which is controlled by the insured employer through stock ownership, contract, or otherwise. See South Carolina Code 38-71-710
- Employer: as used in this article may include any municipal corporation or the proper officers, as such, of any unincorporated municipality or any department of the municipal corporation or unincorporated municipality determined by conditions pertaining to the employment. See South Carolina Code 38-71-710
- Entire work force: means all persons engaged by a client company and are employees as defined in Title 42 including persons considered employees under Sections 42-1-400, 42-1-410, and 42-1-420. See South Carolina Code 40-68-10
- Entity: means a sole proprietorship, partnership, limited liability partnership, limited liability company, association, joint venture, cooperative, corporation, or other legal entity authorized by law and approved by the board. See South Carolina Code 40-79-20
- Environmental health and control programs: means programs for achieving and maintaining conditions to insure an environment that is conducive to health, comfort, safety, and well-being and provides adequate protection to the public. See South Carolina Code 40-61-10
- Environmental sanitarian: means a person trained and qualified to carry out educational, inspectional, and supervisory duties in environmental health and control programs and who is registered. See South Carolina Code 40-61-10
- Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
- Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
- Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
- Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
- Examination: means a standardized test of social work knowledge, skills, and abilities approved by the board. See South Carolina Code 40-63-20
- Exempt commercial policies: means policies for commercial insureds as may be provided for in regulation issued by the director. See South Carolina Code 38-1-20
- Exempt person: means :
(a) an employee of a licensee whose responsibilities are limited to clerical or support duties for the employer and who does not solicit borrowers, accept applications, or negotiate the terms of loans on behalf of the employer;
(b) a depository institution or a subsidiary that is wholly owned and controlled by the depository institution and regulated by a federal banking agency or an institution regulated by the Farm Credit Administration. See South Carolina Code 40-58-20
- Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
- False statement or misrepresentation: means a statement or representation made by a person that is false, material, made with the person's knowledge of the falsity of the statement and made with the intent of obtaining or causing another to obtain or attempting to obtain or causing another to obtain an undeserved economic advantage or benefit or made with the intent to deny or cause another to deny any benefit or payment in connection with an insurance transaction, and such shall constitute fraud. See South Carolina Code 38-55-530
- Federal Reserve System: The central bank of the United States. The Fed, as it is commonly called, regulates the U.S. monetary and financial system. The Federal Reserve System is composed of a central governmental agency in Washington, D.C. (the Board of Governors) and twelve regional Federal Reserve Banks in major cities throughout the United States. Source: OCC
- Fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it.
- Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
- Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
- Finance charge: The total cost of credit a customer must pay on a consumer loan, including interest. The Truth in Lending Act requires disclosure of the finance charge. Source: OCC
- Financial services or financial services related business: means pertaining to securities, commodities, banking, insurance, consumer lending, or real estate including, but not limited to, acting as or being associated with a bank or savings association, credit union, mortgage lender, mortgage servicer, mortgage broker, real estate broker, real estate salesperson or agent, closing agent, title company, or escrow agent. See South Carolina Code 40-58-20
- Fire alarm system business: means an individual, firm, association, partnership, corporation, or other legal entity authorized by law and approved by the board that designs, installs, services, maintains, or alters fire alarm systems. See South Carolina Code 40-79-20
- Fireworks: means any composition or device designed to produce a visible or an audible effect by combustion, deflagration, or detonation, and which meets the definition of "consumer fireworks" or "display fireworks" as defined by this section. See South Carolina Code 40-56-20
- Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
- Fixed Rate: Having a "fixed" rate means that the APR doesn't change based on fluctuations of some external rate (such as the "Prime Rate"). In other words, a fixed rate is a rate that is not a variable rate. A fixed APR can change over time, in several circumstances:
- You are late making a payment or commit some other default, triggering an increase to a penalty rate
- The bank changes the terms of your account and you do not reject the change.
- The rate expires (if the rate was fixed for only a certain period of time).
- Force majeure: means any act of God, governmental act, act of terrorism, war, fire, flood, earthquake, hurricane, or other natural disaster, explosion or civil commotion. See South Carolina Code 38-59-210
- Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
- Foreign insurer: means an insurer incorporated or organized under the laws of the United States or of any jurisdiction within the United States other than this State. See South Carolina Code 38-1-20
- Forgery: The fraudulent signing or alteration of another's name to an instrument such as a deed, mortgage, or check. The intent of the forgery is to deceive or defraud. Source: OCC
- Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
- Freedom of Information Act: A federal law that mandates that all the records created and kept by federal agencies in the executive branch of government must be open for public inspection and copying. The only exceptions are those records that fall into one of nine exempted categories listed in the statute. Source: OCC
- Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
- General appointment: means an appointment of a person who, as a representative of an insurer or insurers, is vested with authority to supervise producers and to exercise this management authority as is delegated to him by the principal. See South Carolina Code 38-1-20
- Geologist: means a person with special knowledge of the science of geology, hydrology, geophysics, and related earth sciences and principles and methods of geological analysis acquired by professional education and practical experience. See South Carolina Code 40-77-20
- Geologist-in-training: means a person who possesses the qualifications prescribed in Section 40-77-230 and who has been certified as a geologist-in-training. See South Carolina Code 40-77-20
- Geology: means the science dealing with the earth and its history; investigation, prediction, and location of the materials and structures which compose it; the natural processes that cause change in the earth; and the applied science of utilizing knowledge of the earth and its constituent rocks, minerals, liquids, gases, and other materials for the benefit of mankind. See South Carolina Code 40-77-20
- Germane: On the subject of the pending bill or other business; a strict standard of relevance.
- Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
- Grace period: The number of days you'll have to pay your bill for purchases in full without triggering a finance charge. Source: Federal Reserve
- group health insurance policy: is a policy or contract which insures against disablement, disease, or sickness of the insured, excluding disablement which results from accident or from accidental means, which covers more than one person, except blanket health policies, family health policies, franchise health policies, and accident and health policies. See South Carolina Code 38-71-710
- Guarantor: A party who agrees to be responsible for the payment of another party's debts should that party default. Source: OCC
- Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
- Health benefit plan: means any individual, blanket, or group plan, policy, or contract for health care services issued or delivered by a health care insurer in this State as defined in Section 38-71-670(6) and 38-71-840(14), including the state health plan as defined in Section 1-11-710. See South Carolina Code 38-71-2200
- Health care services: means services included in furnishing an individual medical care or hospitalization, or services incident to the furnishing of medical care or hospitalization, and other services to prevent, alleviate, cure, or heal human illness, injury, or physical disability. See South Carolina Code 38-59-210
- Health insurance plan: means a health insurance policy or health benefit plan offered by a health insurer or a health maintenance organization that provides health insurance coverage, as defined in Section 38-71-670(6). See South Carolina Code 38-59-210
- Health maintenance organization: means an organization as defined in Section 38-33-20(8). See South Carolina Code 38-59-210
- Home state: means the District of Columbia and a state or territory of the United States in which an insurance producer maintains his principal place of residence or principal place of business and is licensed to act as an insurance producer. See South Carolina Code 38-1-20
- Immediate family member: means a spouse, child, sibling, parent, grandparent, or grandchild including stepparents, stepchildren, stepsiblings, and adoptive relationships. See South Carolina Code 40-58-20
- Immune: means that neither a civil action nor a criminal prosecution may arise from any action taken pursuant to this article unless actual malice on the part of the reporting person or gross negligence or reckless disregard for the rights of the reported person is present. See South Carolina Code 38-55-530
- Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
- Independent Social Worker-Advanced Practice: means a person duly licensed to practice Independent Social Work-Advanced Practice under this act. See South Carolina Code 40-63-20
- Independent Social Worker-Clinical Practice: means a person duly licensed to practice Independent Social Work-Clinical Practice under this act. See South Carolina Code 40-63-20
- Individual: means a natural person. See South Carolina Code 40-79-20
- Individual servicing a mortgage loan: means an employee of a mortgage lender licensed in this State, that:
(a) collects or receives payments including payments of principal, interest, escrow amounts, and other amounts due on existing obligations due and owing to the licensed mortgage lender for a mortgage loan including, but not limited to, when:
(i) the borrower is in default; or
(ii) the borrower is in reasonably foreseeable likelihood of default;
(b) works with the borrower and the licensed mortgage lender, collects data, and makes decisions necessary to modify, either temporarily or permanently, certain terms of those obligations; or
(c) otherwise finalizes collection through the foreclosure process. See South Carolina Code 40-58-20
- Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
- Installs: means activity or work which involves the set-up, installation, or connection of alarm system equipment in any manner to a client's property. See South Carolina Code 40-79-20
- insurance: includes annuities. See South Carolina Code 38-1-20
- Insurance agency: means a corporation, association, partnership, limited liability company, limited liability partnership, or other legal entity in which more than one person has a financial interest. See South Carolina Code 38-1-20
- Insurance broker: means an individual licensed by the department to represent citizens of this State in placing their insurance. See South Carolina Code 38-1-20
- Insurance company: means an "insurer". See South Carolina Code 38-1-20
- insured: as used in this article may not be construed as preventing a person other than the insured, with a proper insurable interest, from making application for and owning a policy covering the insured or from being entitled under such a policy to any indemnities, benefits, and rights provided therein. See South Carolina Code 38-71-640
- Insurer: includes a corporation, fraternal organization, burial association, other association, partnership, society, order, individual, or aggregation of individuals engaging or proposing or attempting to engage as principals in any kind of insurance or surety business, including the exchanging of reciprocal or interinsurance contracts between individuals, partnerships, and corporations. See South Carolina Code 38-1-20
- Insurer: means an insurance company, a health maintenance organization, and any other entity providing health insurance coverage, as defined in Section 38-71-670(6), which is licensed to engage in the business of insurance in this State and which is subject to state insurance regulation. See South Carolina Code 38-59-210
- Insurer: means an entity that provides health insurance in this State. See South Carolina Code 38-71-1330
- Insurer: means an entity that provides health insurance coverage in this State as defined in Section 38-71-670(7) and Section 38-71-840(16). See South Carolina Code 38-71-2110
- Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
- Intern: means an individual who has met the requirements for licensure as a speech-language pathology or audiology intern under this chapter and has been issued this license by the board. See South Carolina Code 40-67-20
- Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
- Jurisprudence: The study of law and the structure of the legal system.
- Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
- Legal tender: coins, dollar bills, or other currency issued by a government as official money. Source: U.S. Mint
- Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
- License: means an authorization to practice social work issued by the board pursuant to this chapter. See South Carolina Code 40-63-20
- License: means an authorization to practice speech-language pathology or audiology issued by the board pursuant to this chapter and includes an authorization to practice as a speech-language pathology intern, an audiology intern, and a speech-language pathology assistant. See South Carolina Code 40-67-20
- License: means a document issued by the state's director or his designee authorizing a person to act as an insurance producer for the lines of authority specified in the document. See South Carolina Code 38-1-20
- Licensee: means an individual who has met the requirements for licensure under this chapter and has been issued a license to practice as a social worker. See South Carolina Code 40-63-20
- Licensee: means an individual who has met the requirements for licensure under this chapter and has been issued a license for speech language pathology or audiology or for speech language pathology or audiology intern or speech-language pathology assistant. See South Carolina Code 40-67-20
- Licensee: means a person licensed under this chapter as a professional employer organization to provide professional employer services. See South Carolina Code 40-68-10
- Licensee: means an alarm business that has been issued a license by the board pursuant to this chapter. See South Carolina Code 40-79-20
- Licensee: means a person, firm, or entity that has been issued a license by the board under the provisions of this chapter to manufacture, sell, or store fireworks. See South Carolina Code 40-56-20
- Licensee: means a person who is licensed pursuant to this chapter. See South Carolina Code 40-58-20
- Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
- Life insurance: means a contract of insurance upon the lives of human beings. See South Carolina Code 38-1-20
- Limited line insurance: includes crop, travel surety, Federal Crop Insurance Program, and any other form of insurance that the director considers necessary in order to ensure compliance with the reciprocal provisions of this chapter. See South Carolina Code 38-1-20
- Liquefied petroleum gas: means material composed predominately of hydrocarbons or mixtures of hydrocarbons, including propane, propylene, butanes (normal butane or isobutane), and butylenes. See South Carolina Code 40-82-20
- List: means the list of drugs for which a pharmacy benefit manager has established a maximum allowable cost. See South Carolina Code 38-71-2110
- Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
- Loan correspondent: means a person engaged in the business of making mortgage loans as a third party originator and who does not engage in all three of the following activities with respect to each mortgage loan:
(a) underwrite the mortgage loan written by their employees;
(b) approve the mortgage loan; and
(c) fund the mortgage loan utilizing an unrestricted warehouse or credit line. See South Carolina Code 40-58-20
- Loan originator: means a natural person who, in exchange for compensation or gain or in the expectation of compensation or gain as an employee of a licensed mortgage lender, solicits, negotiates, accepts, or offers to accept applications for mortgage loans, including electronic applications, or includes direct contact with, or informing mortgage loan applicants of, the rates, terms, disclosures, and other aspects of the mortgage loan. See South Carolina Code 40-58-20
- Local law enforcement agency: means the chief of police for businesses located within the corporate limits of a municipality and the county law enforcement agency for businesses located outside the corporate limits of a municipality. See South Carolina Code 40-54-10
- Lodge: means subordinate member units of the society, known as camps, courts, councils, branches, or by any other designation. See South Carolina Code 38-38-40
- Managed care organization: means a licensed insurance company, a hospital or medical services plan contract, a health maintenance organization, or any other entity which is subject to regulation by the department and which operates a managed care plan. See South Carolina Code 38-71-1520
- Managed care plan: means a plan operated by a managed care organization which provides for the financing and delivery of health care and treatment services to individuals enrolled in the plan through its own employed health care providers or contracting with selected specific providers that conform to explicit selection standards, or both. See South Carolina Code 38-71-1520
- Managing principal: means a natural person who meets the requirements of Section 37-22-140(C) and who agrees to be primarily responsible for the operations of a licensed mortgage lender. See South Carolina Code 40-58-20
- Marine insurance: means each insurance against loss or destruction of or damage to aircraft, vessels, or watercraft and their cargoes; insurance covering the risks or perils of navigation, transit, or transportation of all forms of property, including the liability of a carrier for hire for the loss of property of shippers delivered for transporting; marine builder's risks; bridges, tunnels, piers, wharves, docks and slips, dry docks, marine railways, and other aids to navigation and transportation, precious stones, precious metals, and jewelry, whether in the course of transportation or otherwise; coverage of personal property by all risk forms known as the "Personal Property Floater"; and coverage of mobile machinery and equipment. See South Carolina Code 38-1-20
- Masters Social Worker: means a person licensed to engage in the practice of Masters Social Work. See South Carolina Code 40-63-20
- Maximum allowable cost: means the maximum amount that a pharmacy benefit manager will reimburse a pharmacist or pharmacy for the cost of a generic drug. See South Carolina Code 38-71-2110
- Maximum Allowable Cost List: means a listing of generic drugs used by a pharmacy benefits manager to set the maximum allowable cost at which reimbursement to a pharmacy or pharmacist may be made. See South Carolina Code 38-71-2200
- Medical care: means amounts paid for:
(a) the diagnosis, cure, mitigation, treatment, or prevention of disease or amounts paid for the purpose of affecting a structure or function of the body;
(b) amounts paid for transportation primarily for and essential to medical care referred to in subitem (a); and
(c) amounts paid for insurance covering medical care referred to in subitems (a) and (b). See South Carolina Code 38-71-1330
- Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
- Monitoring personnel: means an individual who performs daily office functions, observing the operation and activation of alarm systems from a monitoring station. See South Carolina Code 40-79-20
- Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
- Mortgage broker: means a person who acts as a mortgage broker, as that term is defined in item (1). See South Carolina Code 40-58-20
- Mortgage lender: means a person who acts as a mortgage lender as that term is defined in item (2) or engages in the business of servicing mortgage loans for others or collecting or otherwise receiving mortgage loan payments directly from borrowers for distribution to another person. See South Carolina Code 40-58-20
- Mortgage loan: A loan made by a lender to a borrower for the financing of real property. Source: OCC
- Mortgage loan: means a loan made to a natural person primarily for personal, family, or household use, primarily secured by a mortgage, deed of trust, or other security interest on residential real property or security interest arising under an installment sales contract or equivalent security interest against the borrower's dwelling and: (i) located in South Carolina, (ii) negotiated, offered, or otherwise transacted within this State, in whole or in part, or (iii) made or extended within this State. See South Carolina Code 40-58-20
- Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
- Mortgagor: The person who pledges property to a creditor as collateral for a loan and who receives the money.
- National Credit Union Administration: The federal regulatory agency that charters and supervises federal credit unions. (NCUA also administers the National Credit Union Share Insurance Fund, which insures the deposits of federal credit unions.) Source: OCC
- Nationwide Mortgage Licensing System and Registry: means a mortgage licensing system developed and maintained by the Conference of State Bank Supervisors and the American Association of Residential Mortgage Regulators of licensees licensed pursuant to this chapter. See South Carolina Code 40-58-20
- Negotiate: means the act of conferring directly with or offering advice directly to a purchaser or prospective purchaser of a particular contract of insurance concerning substantive benefits, terms, or conditions of the contract, provided that the person engaged in that act either sells insurance or obtains insurance from insurers for purchasers. See South Carolina Code 38-1-20
- Network plan: means a health insurance plan issued by an insurer under which the financing and delivery of medical care, including items and services paid for as medical care, are provided, in whole or in part, through a defined set of providers under contract with the insurer. See South Carolina Code 38-71-1330
- Network providers: means those pharmacists and pharmacies who provide covered health care services or supplies to an insured or a member pursuant to a contract with a network plan to act as a participating provider. See South Carolina Code 38-71-2110
- Nolo contendere: No contest-has the same effect as a plea of guilty, as far as the criminal sentence is concerned, but may not be considered as an admission of guilt for any other purpose.
- Oath: A promise to tell the truth.
- Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
- Optician: means one who prepares and dispenses lenses, spectacles, eyeglasses, and appurtenances to the intended wearers on prescriptions from licensed physicians or optometrists and in accordance with these prescriptions, mechanically interprets, measures, adapts, fits, and adjusts lenses, spectacles, eyeglasses, and appurtenances to the human face for the aid or correction of visual or ocular anomalies of the human eye;
(2) "Apprentice" means a qualified person registered by the board who is working under the supervision of a licensed optician, optometrist, or ophthalmologist and who is being trained in the practice of opticianry;
(3) "Board" means the South Carolina Board of Examiners in Opticianry; and
(4) "Direct supervision" means, with regard to a supervisee, the licensed optician must be on the premises at all times. See South Carolina Code 40-38-20
- Other prescription drug or device services: means services other than claims processing services, provided directly or indirectly by a pharmacy benefits manager, whether in connection with or separate from claims processing services, including without limitation:
(a) negotiating rebates, discounts, or other financial incentives and arrangements with drug companies;
(b) disbursing or distributing rebates;
(c) managing or participating in incentive programs or arrangements for pharmacist services;
(d) negotiating or entering into contractual arrangements with pharmacists or pharmacies, or both;
(e) developing formularies;
(f) designing prescription benefit programs; or
(g) advertising or promoting services. See South Carolina Code 38-71-2200
- Participating provider: means a provider who provides covered health care services to an insured or a member pursuant to a contract with an insurer or health insurance plan. See South Carolina Code 38-59-210
- Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
- Party: means a recipient of a notice or document required as part of an insurance transaction, including, but not limited to, an applicant, an insured, a policyholder, or an annuity contract holder. See South Carolina Code 38-55-710
- Permanent place of business: means a fixed premises either owned by the dealer or leased by him. See South Carolina Code 40-54-10
- Person: means any natural person, company, corporation, unincorporated association, partnership, professional corporation, or other legal entity and includes any applicant, policyholder, claimant, medical providers, vocational rehabilitation provider, attorney, agent, insurer, fund, or advisory organization. See South Carolina Code 38-55-530
- Person: means an individual, organization, or corporation, except that only individuals can be licensed under this chapter. See South Carolina Code 40-67-20
- Person: means an individual, association, corporation, partnership, or other private legal entity. See South Carolina Code 40-68-10
- Person: means a corporation, agency, partnership, association, voluntary organization, individual, or another entity, organization, or aggregation of individuals. See South Carolina Code 38-1-20
- Person: means a natural person, partnership, limited liability company, limited partnership, corporation, association, or other group engaged in joint business activities, however organized. See South Carolina Code 40-58-20
- Personal property: All property that is not real property.
- Pharmacist services: means products, goods, and services, or any combination of products, goods, and services, provided as a part of the practice of pharmacy. See South Carolina Code 38-71-2200
- Pharmacy benefit manager: means an entity that contracts with pharmacists or pharmacies on behalf of an insurer, third party administrator, or the South Carolina Public Employee Benefit Authority to:
(a) process claims for prescription drugs or medical supplies or provide retail network management for pharmacies or pharmacists;
(b) pay pharmacies or pharmacists for prescription drugs or medical supplies; or
(c) negotiate rebates with manufacturers for drugs paid for or procured as described in this section. See South Carolina Code 38-71-2110
- Pharmacy benefits manager: means an entity that contracts with pharmacists or pharmacies on behalf of an insurer, third party administrator, or the South Carolina Public Employee Benefit Authority to:
(a) process claims for prescription drugs or medical supplies or provide retail network management for pharmacies or pharmacists;
(b) pay pharmacies or pharmacists for prescription drugs or medical supplies; or
(c) negotiate rebates with manufacturers for drugs paid for or procured as described in this article. See South Carolina Code 38-71-2200
- Pharmacy benefits manager affiliate: means a pharmacy or pharmacist that directly or indirectly, through one or more intermediaries, owns or controls, is owned or controlled by, or is under common ownership or control with a pharmacy benefits manager. See South Carolina Code 38-71-2200
- Physician: means a doctor of medicine or doctor of osteopathic medicine licensed by the South Carolina Board of Medical Examiners. See South Carolina Code 38-59-210
- Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
- plan: means any hospital or medical policy or certificate, major medical expense insurance, hospital or medical service plan contract, or health maintenance organization subscriber contract that provides benefits consisting of medical care provided directly through insurance or reimbursement, or otherwise and including items and services paid for medical care. See South Carolina Code 38-71-1330
- Plan of operation: means the plan of operation of the program established pursuant to Section 38-71-1410. See South Carolina Code 38-71-1330
- Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
- Plea agreement: An arrangement between the prosecutor, the defense attorney, and the defendant in which the defendant agrees to plead guilty in exchange for special considerations. Source:
- Policy: means a contract of insurance. See South Carolina Code 38-1-20
- Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
- practice of audiology: means the rendering of or the offering to render any audiology service to an individual, group, organization, or the public. See South Carolina Code 40-67-20
- practice of speech-language pathology: means the rendering of or the offering to render any speech-language pathology services to an individual, group, organization, or the public. See South Carolina Code 40-67-20
- Precious metal: means any article made in whole or in part of gold, silver, or platinum. See South Carolina Code 40-54-10
- Premium: means payment given in consideration of a contract of insurance. See South Carolina Code 38-1-20
- Premiums: means premiums, rates, dues, or other required contributions, by whatever name known, which are payable under the certificate. See South Carolina Code 38-38-40
- Primary qualifying party: means a qualifying party who is an owner, partner, or officer of a burglar alarm system business, or a full-time employee holding a managerial or supervisory position within the alarm system business and who qualifies the licensee to engage in the burglar or fire alarm business and is registered as a qualifying party with the department in accordance with this chapter. See South Carolina Code 40-79-20
- Private Practice: means the provision of clinical or advanced social work services by a Licensed Independent Social Worker who assumes responsibility for the nature and quality of the services provided to the client in exchange for direct payment or third-party reimbursement. See South Carolina Code 40-63-20
- Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
- Probate: Proving a will
- Probation: means allowing a licensed person the director has found to have violated South Carolina, any United States territory, or another state's laws to continue selling, soliciting, or negotiating insurance on behalf of an insurer. See South Carolina Code 38-1-20
- Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
- Processor or underwriter: means an employee of a mortgage broker, mortgage lender, or exempt person who performs clerical or support duties at the direction of and subject to the supervision and instruction of a licensee or exempt person and may include direct contact with applicants but does not include soliciting, negotiating, accepting, or offering to accept applications that include personal identifying information as defined in Section 16-13-510(D) for mortgage loans including electronic applications or informing applicants of the rates, terms, disclosures, and other aspects of the mortgage loan. See South Carolina Code 40-58-20
- producer: means a person who represents an insurance company and is required to be licensed pursuant to Section 38-43-10. See South Carolina Code 38-1-20
- Professional employer organization: means an individual business entity that offers professional employer services. See South Carolina Code 40-68-10
- Professional employer organization group: means a combination of professional employer services companies that operates under a group license issued under Section 40-68-80. See South Carolina Code 40-68-10
- Professional employer services: means an arrangement by which employees of a licensee are assigned to work at a client company and in which employment responsibilities are shared by the licensee and the client company. See South Carolina Code 40-68-10
- Professional society: as used in this chapter includes legal, medical, osteopathic, optometric, chiropractic, psychological, dental, accounting, pharmaceutic, and engineering organizations having as members at least a majority of the eligible licentiates in the area served by the particular society and any foundations composed of members of these societies. See South Carolina Code 40-71-10
- professional soil classifier: means a person who, by reason of his special knowledge of the physical, chemical, and biological sciences applicable to soils as natural bodies and of the methods and principles of soil classification as acquired by soil education and soil classification experience in the formation, morphology, description, and mapping of soils, is qualified to practice soil classifying, who has been licensed by the Department of Labor, Licensing and Regulation, and who has passed an examination in the fundamental soil and related subjects as provided for in this chapter. See South Carolina Code 40-65-20
- Program: means the South Carolina Small Employer Insurer Reinsurance Program pursuant to Section 38-71-1410. See South Carolina Code 38-71-1330
- Property insurance: means each insurance against direct or indirect loss of or damage to a property resulting from fire, smoke, weather disturbances, climatic conditions, earthquake, volcanic eruption, rising waters, insects, blight, animals, war damage, riot, civil commotion, destruction by order of civil authority to prevent spread of conflagration or for other reason, water damage, vandalism, glass breakage, explosion of a water system, collision, theft of automobiles, and personal effects in them (but no other forms of theft insurance), loss of or damage to domestic or wild animals, and any other perils to property which in the discretion of the director or his designee form proper subjects of property insurance, if not specified in items (1), (7), (11), (35), (40), (54), or (59) of this section. See South Carolina Code 38-1-20
- Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
- Provider: means a physician, hospital, or other person properly licensed, certified, or permitted, where required, to furnish health care services. See South Carolina Code 38-59-210
- Psychotherapy: means the use of treatment methods utilizing a specialized, formal interaction between an appropriately Licensed Social Worker and an individual, couple, family, or group in which a therapeutic relationship is established, maintained, and sustained to understand unconscious processes, intrapersonal, interpersonal, and psychosocial dynamics, and the diagnosis and treatment of mental, emotional, and behavioral disorders, conditions, and addictions. See South Carolina Code 40-63-20
- Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
- Public practice of geology: means the performance of geological service or work in the nature of consultation, investigation, surveys, evaluations, planning, mapping, and inspection of geologic work required for or supporting compliance with municipal, county, State of South Carolina, or federal regulations. See South Carolina Code 40-77-20
- Purchase: means the acquisition, including by means of being pawned to a dealer, of precious metal or precious or semiprecious stones or gems or both precious metal and precious or semiprecious stones or gems for a consideration of cash, goods, or other precious metals or precious or semiprecious stones or gems or both precious metals and precious or semiprecious stones or gems. See South Carolina Code 40-54-10
- Pyrotechnics: means any composition or device designed to produce visible or audible effects for entertainment purposes by combustion, deflagration, or detonation. See South Carolina Code 40-56-20
- Qualified loan originator: means a natural person who acts as a loan originator exclusively for a mortgage broker licensee and who is not an employee of the mortgage broker. See South Carolina Code 40-58-20
- Qualifying party: means an individual, owner, partner, officer, or employee of an alarm system business who has met the necessary requirements of a qualifying party and is registered with the department in accordance with this chapter. See South Carolina Code 40-79-20
- Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
- Real property: Land, and all immovable fixtures erected on, growing on, or affixed to the land.
- Regionally accredited institution: means a school, college, or university which is a candidate for accreditation or is accredited by any accreditation body established to serve six defined geographic areas in the United States. See South Carolina Code 40-67-20
- Registered: means an owner, partner, principle officer, qualifying party, or registered employee of an alarm business whose name and address has been listed or registered with the department as an individual who has access to a client's property or burglar alarm records that can reveal, but not be limited to, the type of burglar alarm system, burglar alarm security numbers or code, or any other information pertaining to the system that could compromise the client's burglar alarm system. See South Carolina Code 40-79-20
- Registered employee: means an individual of an alarm system business who has not met the requirements of a qualifying party and is employed more than thirty days in any given calendar year and is registered with the department in accordance with this chapter. See South Carolina Code 40-79-20
- Registered professional geologist: means a person registered as a professional geologist by the board pursuant to Section 40-77-230. See South Carolina Code 40-77-20
- Reinsuring insurer: means a small employer insurer participating in the reinsurance program pursuant to Section 38-71-1410. See South Carolina Code 38-71-1330
- Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
- Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
- Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
- Reseller: means a person engaging in the resale of liquefied petroleum gas by filling cylinders of not more than one hundred pounds capacity of liquefied petroleum gas and who owns and operates this business separate and independent of a dealer except that the reseller may purchase liquefied petroleum gas from a dealer as an independent contractor. See South Carolina Code 40-82-20
- Responsible charge: means direct control and personal supervision of soil classification. See South Carolina Code 40-65-20
- Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
- Risk-assuming insurer: means a small employer insurer whose application is approved by the commissioner pursuant to Section 38-71-1390. See South Carolina Code 38-71-1330
- Rules: means all rules, regulations, or resolutions adopted by the supreme governing body or board of directors which are intended to have general application to the members of the society. See South Carolina Code 38-38-40
- Sell: means to exchange a contract of insurance by any means, for money or its equivalent, on behalf of an insurance company. See South Carolina Code 38-1-20
- Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
- Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
- Small employer: means , in connection with a health insurance plan with respect to a calendar year and a plan year, any person, firm, corporation, partnership, association, or employer, as defined in Section 3(5) of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, that is actively engaged in business that, on at least fifty percent of its working days during the preceding calendar year, employed no more than fifty eligible employees or employed an average of not more than fifty employees on business days during the preceding calendar year and who employs at least one employee on the first day of the plan year. See South Carolina Code 38-71-1330
- Small employer insurer: means an insurer that offers health insurance plans covering eligible employees of one or more small employers in this State. See South Carolina Code 38-71-1330
- Society: means fraternal benefit society, unless otherwise indicated. See South Carolina Code 38-38-40
- Soil: means all of the groups of natural bodies occupying the unconsolidated portion of the earth's surface capable of supporting plant life and having properties due to the combined effect of climate and living organisms, as modified by topography and time, upon parent materials. See South Carolina Code 40-65-20
- Soil classification: means plotting the boundaries and describing and evaluating the kinds of soil as to their behavior and response to management under various uses. See South Carolina Code 40-65-20
- Soil-classifier-in-training: means a person who complies with the requirements for education and character and who has passed an examination in the fundamental soil and related subjects as provided for in this chapter. See South Carolina Code 40-65-20
- Solicit: means attempting to sell insurance or asking or urging a person to apply for a particular kind of insurance from a particular company. See South Carolina Code 38-1-20
- Special appointment: means an individual designated by an insurer to supervise and assist other producers in the proper discharge of their duties under an insurer's policy contract. See South Carolina Code 38-1-20
- Speech-language pathologist: means an individual who practices speech-language pathology. See South Carolina Code 40-67-20
- Speech-language pathology assistant: means an individual who provides speech-language pathology services as prescribed, directed, and supervised by a speech-language pathologist licensed under this chapter. See South Carolina Code 40-67-20
- Standard health insurance plan: means a health insurance plan developed pursuant to Section 38-71-1420. See South Carolina Code 38-71-1330
- Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
- Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
- Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
- Subpoena duces tecum: A command to a witness to produce documents.
- Surety: includes insurance or a bond that covers obligations to pay the debts, or answer for the default, of another, including faithlessness in a position of public or private trust. See South Carolina Code 38-1-20
- Surplus lines insurance: means insurance in this State of risks located or to be performed in this State, permitted to be placed through a licensed broker, or a licensed broker as provided in Section 38-45-10(8)(b)(ii), with a nonadmitted insurer eligible to accept the insurance, other than reinsurance, wet marine and transportation insurance, insurance independently procured, and life and health insurance and annuities. See South Carolina Code 38-1-20
- Systems: means an assembly of equipment consisting of the container and any device which is connected to the container for the utilization of liquefied petroleum gas. See South Carolina Code 40-82-20
- Tablefunding: means a settlement at which a loan is funded by a contemporaneous advance of loan funds and an assignment of the loan to the person advancing the funds. See South Carolina Code 40-58-20
- Temporary restraining order: Prohibits a person from an action that is likely to cause irreparable harm. This differs from an injunction in that it may be granted immediately, without notice to the opposing party, and without a hearing. It is intended to last only until a hearing can be held.
- Terminate: means the cancellation of the relationship between an insurance producer and the insurer or the termination of a producer's authority to transact insurance. See South Carolina Code 38-1-20
- Testify: Answer questions in court.
- Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
- Title insurance: means insurance of the owners of real property and other persons lawfully interested in the title insurance against loss by reason of defective titles and undisclosed liens and encumbrances affecting the property. See South Carolina Code 38-1-20
- Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
- Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
- Travel insurance: includes insurance coverage for trip cancellation, trip interruption, baggage, life, sickness and accident, disability, and personal effects when limited to a specific trip and sold in connection with transportation provided by a common carrier. See South Carolina Code 38-1-20
- Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
- Trust account: A general term that covers all types of accounts in a trust department, such as estates, guardianships, and agencies. Source: OCC
- Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
- Truth in Lending Act: The Truth in Lending Act is a federal law that requires lenders to provide standardized information so that borrowers can compare loan terms. In general, lenders must provide information on Source: OCC
- Uniform application: means the current version of the National Association of Insurance Commissioners Uniform Application for resident and nonresident producer licensing. See South Carolina Code 38-1-20
- Unique identifier: means a number or other identifier assigned by protocols established by the Nationwide Mortgage Licensing System and Registry. See South Carolina Code 40-58-20
- Uphold: The decision of an appellate court not to reverse a lower court decision.
- Usury: Charging an illegally high interest rate on a loan. Source: OCC
- Verdict: The decision of a petit jury or a judge.