Part 1 General Provisions 4-6-101 – 4-6-149
Part 2 Volunteer Inmate Work Program 4-6-201 – 4-6-202

Terms Used In Tennessee Code > Title 4 > Chapter 6

  • Adventure tourism activities: means outdoor recreational opportunities such as equine and motorized trail riding, rappelling, road biking, rock climbing, hang gliding, spelunking, shooting sports, mountain biking, canoeing, paragliding, zip lining and other such activities. See Tennessee Code 11-25-104
  • Agriculture: means :

    • (i) The land, buildings and machinery used in the commercial production of farm products and nursery stock. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105

    • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
    • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
    • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
    • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
    • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
    • Assembly building: means a building where a number of persons congregate for amusement, civic, educational, recreational, religious or social purposes. See Tennessee Code 7-62-101
    • Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
    • Attorney-in-fact: A person who, acting as an agent, is given written authorization by another person to transact business for him (her) out of court.
    • Authority: means the Doe Mountain recreation authority. See Tennessee Code 11-25-104
    • Authorized shares: means the shares of all classes a domestic or foreign corporation is authorized to issue. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201
    • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
    • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
    • Base personnel policies: means the policies that are required to be adopted under this chapter and that are enumerated in §. See Tennessee Code 5-23-102
    • Bequest: Property gifted by will.
    • Board: means the mayor and the aldermen. See Tennessee Code 6-1-101
    • Board: means the board of directors of the authority. See Tennessee Code 11-25-104
    • board of directors: means the governing board of a corporation, whether denominated the board of directors or otherwise, except that no person or group of persons is the board of directors because of powers delegated to that person or group pursuant to §. See Tennessee Code 48-51-201
    • Business: includes every trade, occupation, profession, investment activity and other lawful purpose for gain or the preservation of assets whether or not carried on for profits. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
    • Bylaws: means the code or codes of rules (other than the charter) adopted pursuant to chapters 51-68 of this title for the regulation or management of the affairs of the corporation irrespective of the name or names by which such rules are designated. See Tennessee Code 48-51-201
    • Charter: includes amended and restated charters and articles of merger. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201
    • City: means any city or territory to be incorporated that may adopt chapters 30-36 of this title. See Tennessee Code 6-30-102
    • Class: when used with reference to membership interests, means a category of membership interests that differs in one (1) or more rights or preferences from another category of membership interests of the LLC. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
    • Code: includes the Tennessee Code and all amendments and revisions to the code and all additions and supplements to the code. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
    • Collector: includes any person entrusted with the collection of public revenue. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
    • Committee: means the county financial management committee. See Tennessee Code 5-21-102
    • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
    • Confirmation of good standing: means confirmation by the commissioner of revenue issued through electronic communication to the secretary of state or a certificate of tax clearance that at the time such confirmation is issued an LLC or a foreign LLC is current on all taxes and penalties to the satisfaction of the commissioner. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
    • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
    • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
    • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
    • County: means the county in which any such city or territory to be incorporated under chapters 30-36 of this title is located, or in which the major portion of the population of any such city or territory to be incorporated is located as indicated by the last federal census. See Tennessee Code 6-30-102
    • County: means the county in this state in which Doe Mountain is located. See Tennessee Code 11-25-104
    • County: means any county or any metropolitan form of government in this state having a population of two hundred thousand (200,000) or more, according to the 1980 federal census or any subsequent federal census, that by resolution has made the findings and determinations required by §. See Tennessee Code 7-60-103
    • County employees: means employees of the county as defined under the federal Fair Labor Standards Act (29 U. See Tennessee Code 5-23-102
    • County mayor: means and includes "county executive" unless the context clearly indicates otherwise. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
    • Court: includes every court and judge having jurisdiction in the case. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
    • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
    • Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
    • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
    • Delegates: means those persons elected or appointed to vote in a representative assembly for the election of a director or directors or on other matters. See Tennessee Code 48-51-201
    • delivery: means any method of delivery used in conventional commercial practice, including delivery by hand, mail, commercial delivery, and, if authorized in accordance with §. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201
    • Department: means the finance department. See Tennessee Code 5-21-102
    • Department head: means the city administrator, city recorder, treasurer, police chief and any other department heads appointed by the board or mayor. See Tennessee Code 6-1-101
    • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
    • Devise: To gift property by will.
    • Director: means the director of the finance department. See Tennessee Code 5-21-102
    • Directors: means natural persons, designated in the charter or bylaws or elected or appointed by the incorporators, and their successors and natural persons elected or appointed to act as members of the board, irrespective of the names or titles by which such persons are described. See Tennessee Code 48-51-201
    • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
    • Dissolution: means that the LLC has incurred an event under §. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
    • Document: means :

      • (A) Any tangible medium on which information is inscribed, and includes any writing or written instrument. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201

      • domestic corporation: means a corporation for profit, which is not a foreign corporation, incorporated under or subject to the Tennessee Business Corporation Act, compiled in chapters 11-27 of this title, as amended. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
      • Electronic: means relating to technology having electrical, digital, magnetic, wireless, optical, electromagnetic, or similar capabilities. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201
      • Electronic record: means information that is stored in an electronic or other medium and is retrievable in paper form through an automated process used in conventional commercial practice, unless otherwise authorized in accordance with §. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201
      • Employee: includes an officer but not a director. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201
      • Entity: includes the following, whether foreign or domestic: LLCs. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
      • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
      • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
      • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
      • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
      • Executor: includes an administrator, where the subject matter applies to an administrator. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
      • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
      • farm products: means forage and sod crops. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
      • Fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it.
      • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
      • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
      • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
      • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
      • Foreign corporation: means a corporation for profit incorporated under a law other than the laws of this state. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
      • Foreign nonprofit corporation: means a corporation incorporated under a law other than the law of this state, which would be a nonprofit corporation if incorporated under the laws of this state. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201
      • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
      • General services district: means a service district within a metropolitan government whose geographical limits are coextensive with the total area in which the government functions. See Tennessee Code 7-1-101
      • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
      • Governing body: means the legislative body of a county as defined in this chapter. See Tennessee Code 11-25-104
      • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
      • Highway: includes public bridges and may be held equivalent to the words "county way" "county road" or "state road". See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
      • Home: means residential housing, including real property and improvements on real property, consisting of one (1) or more dwelling units, including, but not limited to, condominium units, owned by one (1) person or family of lower or moderate income that occupies or intends to occupy one (1) of such units. See Tennessee Code 7-60-103
      • Home mortgage: means an interest-bearing loan to a person or family of lower or moderate income for the purpose of purchasing or improving a home, constituting a first lien on real property and evidenced by a promissory note and secured by a mortgage, deed of trust or other security instrument on such home, but does not include a loan primarily for the purpose of refinancing an existing loan. See Tennessee Code 7-60-103
      • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
      • Individual: includes the estate of an incompetent or deceased individual. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201
      • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
      • Interest: means either or both of the following rights under the organic law of an unincorporated entity:

        • (A) The right to receive distributions from the entity either in the ordinary course or upon liquidation. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201

        • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
        • Irrevocable trust: A trust arrangement that cannot be revoked, rescinded, or repealed by the grantor.
        • Joint resolution: A legislative measure which requires the approval of both chambers.
        • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
        • Lands: includes lands, tenements and hereditaments, and all rights thereto and interests therein, equitable as well as legal. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
        • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
        • Legacy: A gift of property made by will.
        • Legacy pension plan: means the Tennessee consolidated retirement system that is established in title 8, chapters 34-37, excluding the Hybrid Retirement Plan for State Employees and Teachers, compiled in title 8, chapter 36, part 9. See Tennessee Code 9-4-1201
        • Legislative session: That part of a chamber's daily session in which it considers legislative business (bills, resolutions, and actions related thereto).
        • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
        • Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
        • Manager: means a person elected, appointed, or otherwise designated as a manager by the governing body, and any other person considered elected as a manager pursuant to §. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
        • Member: means a person reflected in the required records of an LLC as the owner of some governance rights of a membership interest of the LLC. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
        • Membership: means the rights and obligations a member has pursuant to a corporation's charter, bylaws and chapters 51-68 of this title. See Tennessee Code 48-51-201
        • Metropolitan government: means the political entity created by consolidation of all, or substantially all, of the political and corporate functions of a county and a city or cities. See Tennessee Code 7-1-101
        • Minor: means any person who has not attained eighteen (18) years of age. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
        • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
        • Month: means a calendar month. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
        • Month: means the time from any day of any month to the corresponding day of the succeeding month, if any, and if none, the last day of the succeeding month. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201
        • Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
        • Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
        • Municipality: means any county, or any incorporated city or town in this state with respect to which the authority may be organized. See Tennessee Code 11-25-104
        • Mutual benefit corporation: means a domestic corporation which becomes by operation of law a mutual benefit corporation pursuant to §. See Tennessee Code 48-51-201
        • notes: means the bonds and notes respectively authorized to be issued by counties under this chapter. See Tennessee Code 7-60-103
        • Oath: includes affirmation. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
        • Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
        • Officer: means the mayor, aldermen, city attorney and city judge. See Tennessee Code 6-1-101
        • Organic document: means a public organic document or a private organic document. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201
        • Organic law: means the statute governing the internal affairs of a domestic or foreign business or nonprofit corporation or unincorporated entity. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201
        • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
        • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
        • Person: includes a corporation, firm, company or association. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
        • Person: means any individual, partnership, firm, association, corporation, or combination of individuals of whatever form or character. See Tennessee Code 11-25-104
        • Person: includes individual and entity. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
        • Personal property: includes money, goods, chattels, things in action, and evidences of debt. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
        • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
        • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
        • Principal office: means the office (in or out of this state) so designated in the annual report where the principal executive offices of a domestic or foreign corporation are located. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201
        • Private organic document: means any document (other than the public organic document, if any) that determines the internal governance of an unincorporated entity. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201
        • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
        • Proceeding: includes civil suit and criminal, administrative, and investigatory action. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
        • Project: means any outdoor recreational facility, or any other structure, improvement, or facility constructed, leased, equipped, renovated or acquired for any of the purposes set forth in this chapter, and also includes, but is not limited to, trails, roads, streets, bridges, towers, erosion control facilities, paths, signs, shelters, cabins, and utility services, such as water, sanitary sewer, electricity, gas and natural gas, and telecommunications that are constructed, leased, equipped, renovated or acquired as a supporting system or facility for any of the purposes set forth in this chapter. See Tennessee Code 11-25-104
        • Property: includes both personal and real property. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
        • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
        • Proxy voting: The practice of allowing a legislator to cast a vote in committee for an absent legislator.
        • Public benefit corporation: means a domestic corporation which becomes by operation of law a public benefit corporation pursuant to §. See Tennessee Code 48-51-201
        • Public organic document: means the document, if any, that is filed of public record to create an unincorporated entity. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201
        • Purposes of this chapter: means ameliorating the deterioration of counties by preserving and expanding employment opportunities in the construction and related industries and the tax base of counties by undertaking or assisting in the financing of home mortgages for persons and families of lower and moderate income. See Tennessee Code 7-60-103
        • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
        • real property: include lands, tenements and hereditaments, and all rights thereto and interests therein, equitable as well as legal. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
        • Record: means information that is inscribed on a tangible medium or that is stored in an electronic or other medium and is retrievable in a perceivable form. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
        • Record date: means the date established under chapter 16 or 17 on which a corporation determines the identity of its shareholders for purposes of chapters 11-27 of this title. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201
        • Registered office: means the place in this state designated in the articles as the registered office of the LLC. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
        • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
        • Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
        • Representative: when applied to those who represent a decedent, includes executors and administrators, unless the context implies heirs and distributees. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
        • Representative: means a governor, manager, employee or other agent of a foreign LLC. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
        • revenue bonds: means bonds, notes, interim certificates or other obligations of an authority issued pursuant to this chapter, or pursuant to any other law, as supplemented by, or in conjunction with, this chapter. See Tennessee Code 11-25-104
        • Revenues: means all revenues derived from and on account of a project, directly or indirectly, including license or admission fees, payments under a lease or sale contract and repayments under any loan agreement, or under notes, debentures, bonds and other secured or unsecured debt obligations of a lessee or contracting party delivered as provided in this chapter, and any revenues pledged by a municipality. See Tennessee Code 11-25-104
        • Road: includes public bridges and may be held equivalent to the words "county way" "county road" or "state road". See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
        • Secretary: means the corporate officer to whom the bylaws or the board of directors has delegated responsibility under §. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201
        • Secretary of state: means the person who holds the office of secretary of state of Tennessee. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
        • Series: means a category of membership interests, within a class of membership interests, that have some of the same rights and preferences as other membership interests within the same class, but that differ in one (1) or more rights and preferences from another category of membership interests within that class. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
        • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
        • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
        • Sewage treatment works: means any facility for the purpose of treating, neutralizing or stabilizing municipal sewage, including treatment or disposal plants, the necessary intercepting, outfall and outlet sewers, pumping stations integral to such plants or sewers, equipment and furnishings thereof and their appurtenances. See Tennessee Code 68-221-201
        • Shareholder: means the person in whose name shares are registered in the records of a corporation or the beneficial owner of shares to the extent of the rights granted by a nominee certificate on file with a corporation. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201
        • signature: means , with present intent to authenticate or adopt a document:

          • (A) To execute or adopt a tangible symbol to a document, and includes any manual, facsimile, or conformed signature. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201

          • signed: includes a mark, the name being written near the mark and witnessed, or any other symbol or methodology executed or adopted by a party with intention to authenticate a writing or record, regardless of being witnessed. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
          • State: when applied to the different parts of the United States, includes the District of Columbia and the several territories of the United States. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
          • State: means the state of Tennessee and, unless otherwise indicated by the context, any agency, authority, branch, bureau, commission, corporation, department or instrumentality of the state, now or hereafter existing. See Tennessee Code 11-25-104
          • State: means the state of Tennessee. See Tennessee Code 7-60-103
          • State employee: means any person who is a state official, including members of the general assembly, the attorney general and reporter, district attorneys general, state judges, and district public defenders, or any person who is employed in the service of and whose compensation is payable by the state, or any person who is employed by the state whose compensation is paid in whole or in part from federal or other funds. See Tennessee Code 9-4-1101
          • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
          • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
          • Tax clearance for termination or withdrawal: means confirmation by the commissioner of revenue issued through electronic communication to the secretary of state or a certificate of tax clearance that an LLC or a foreign LLC has filed all applicable reports, including, but not limited to, a final report, and has paid all fees, penalties and taxes as required by the revenue laws of this state. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
          • Teacher: has the meaning set forth in §. See Tennessee Code 9-4-1201
          • Termination: means the end of an LLC's existence as a legal entity and occurs when the articles of termination are filed with the secretary of state under §. See Tennessee Code 48-202-101
          • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
          • This charter: refers to chapters 30-36 of this title. See Tennessee Code 6-30-102
          • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
          • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
          • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
          • Trustees: means the five (5) trustees designated in §. See Tennessee Code 9-4-1101
          • Trustees: means the five (5) trustees designated in §. See Tennessee Code 9-4-1201
          • Unincorporated entity: means an organization or artificial legal person that either has a separate legal existence or has the power to acquire an estate in real property in its own name and that is not any of the following: a domestic or foreign business or nonprofit corporation, an estate, a trust, a state, the United States, or a foreign government. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201
          • United States: includes the District of Columbia and the several territories of the United States. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
          • United States: includes district, authority, bureau, commission, department, and any other agency of the United States. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201
          • Urban services district: means a service district within a metropolitan government in which are furnished by the metropolitan government municipal services additional to those provided in the general services district. See Tennessee Code 7-1-101
          • User fees: Fees charged to users of goods or services provided by the government. In levying or authorizing these fees, the legislature determines whether the revenue should go into the treasury or should be available to the agency providing the goods or services.
          • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
          • Veto: The procedure established under the Constitution by which the President/Governor refuses to approve a bill or joint resolution and thus prevents its enactment into law. A regular veto occurs when the President/Governor returns the legislation to the house in which it originated. The President/Governor usually returns a vetoed bill with a message indicating his reasons for rejecting the measure. In Congress, the veto can be overridden only by a two-thirds vote in both the Senate and the House.
          • Voice vote: A vote in which the Presiding Officer states the question, then asks those in favor and against to say "Yea" or "Nay," respectively, and announces the result according to his or her judgment. The names or numbers of legisators voting on each side are not recorded.
          • Voting group: means all shares of one (1) or more classes or series that under the charter or chapters 11-27 of this title are entitled to vote and be counted together collectively on a matter at a meeting of shareholders. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201
          • Voting power: means the total number of votes entitled to be cast for the election of directors at the time the determination of voting power is made, excluding a vote which is contingent upon the happening of a condition or event that has not occurred at the time. See Tennessee Code 48-51-201
          • Ward: means a geographical subdivision of the municipality established for the purpose of securing representation on the board. See Tennessee Code 6-1-101
          • written: includes printing, typewriting, engraving, lithography, and any other mode of representing words and letters. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105
          • written: means any information in the form of a document. See Tennessee Code 48-11-201
          • Year: means a calendar year, unless otherwise expressed. See Tennessee Code 1-3-105