Terms Used In Texas Civil Practice and Remedies Code 74A.001

  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.

In this chapter:
(1) “Gross negligence” has the meaning assigned by Section 41.001.
(2) “Health care provider” means any individual, partnership, professional association, corporation, facility, or institution duly licensed, certified, registered, or chartered by this state to provide health care or medical care, including a physician. The term includes:
(A) an officer, director, shareholder, member, partner, manager, owner, or affiliate of a physician or other health care provider; and
(B) an employee, independent contractor, or agent of a physician or other health care provider acting in the course and scope of the employment or contractual relationship.
(3) “Health information exchange” has the meaning assigned by Section 182.151, Health and Safety Code. The term includes:
(A) an officer, director, shareholder, member, partner, manager, owner, or affiliate of the health information exchange; and
(B) an employee, independent contractor, or agent of the health information exchange acting in the course and scope of the employment or contractual relationship.
(4) “Malice” has the meaning assigned by Section 41.001.
(5) “Physician” means:
(A) an individual licensed to practice medicine in this state under Subtitle B, Title 3, Occupations Code;
(B) a professional association organized by an individual physician or a group of physicians;
(C) a partnership or limited liability partnership formed by a group of physicians;
(D) a limited liability company formed by a group of physicians;
(E) a nonprofit health corporation certified by the Texas Medical Board under Chapter 162, Occupations Code; or
(F) a single legal entity authorized to practice medicine in this state owned by a group of physicians.