the entity's services or facilities are likely to require expansion or significant modification because of an intended use of land;
the entity has filed with the municipality a copy of the entity's general or long-range plan; or
the entity has filed with the municipality a request for notice during the same calendar year and before the municipality provides notice to an affected entity in compliance with a requirement imposed under this chapter. See Utah Code 10-9a-103
Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
Appeal authority: means the person, board, commission, agency, or other body designated by ordinance to decide an appeal of a decision of a land use application or a variance. See Utah Code 10-9a-103
Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
Armed forces: means the United States Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard. See Utah Code 48-2e-1156
Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
Article: means a bedding, upholstered furniture, quilted clothing, or filling material. See Utah Code 4-24-105
Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
Bedding: means a:
quilted, packing, mattress, or hammock pad; or
mattress, boxspring, comforter, quilt, sleeping bag, studio couch, pillow, or cushion made with a filling material that can be used for sleeping or reclining. See Utah Code 4-24-105
Brand: means any identifiable mark applied to livestock that is intended to show ownership and the mark's location. See Utah Code 4-24-102
City: means a municipality that is classified by population as a city of the first class, a city of the second class, a city of the third class, a city of the fourth class, or a city of the fifth class, under Section 10-2-301. See Utah Code 10-1-104
Embezzlement: In most states, embezzlement is defined as theft/larceny of assets (money or property) by a person in a position of trust or responsibility over those assets. Embezzlement typically occurs in the employment and corporate settings. Source: OCC
Employee: means a person who is not an elected or appointed officer and who is employed on a full- or part-time basis by a political subdivision. See Utah Code 10-8-33
Event permit: means a permit that a political subdivision issues to the organizer of a public food truck event located on public property. See Utah Code 10-8-27
Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
Executor: includes "administrator" when the subject matter justifies the use. See Utah Code 48-2e-1156
Fair Debt Collection Practices Act: The Fair Debt Collection Practices Act is a set of United States statutes added as Title VIII of the Consumer Credit Protection Act. Its purpose is to ensure ethical practices in the collection of consumer debts and to provide consumers with an avenue for disputing and obtaining validation of debt information in order to ensure the information's accuracy. It is often used in conjunction with the Fair Credit Reporting Act. Source: OCC
Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
Filling material: means cotton, wool, kapok, feathers, down, shoddy, hair, or other material, or a combination of materials, whether loose or in bags, bales, batting, pads, or other prefabricated form that is, or can be, used in bedding, upholstered furniture, or quilted clothing. See Utah Code 4-24-105
Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
Food truck: means a fully encased food service establishment:
on a motor vehicle or on a trailer that a motor vehicle pulls to transport; and
from which a food truck vendor, standing within the frame of the vehicle, prepares, cooks, sells, or serves food or beverages for immediate human consumption. See Utah Code 10-8-27
Food truck event: means an event where an individual has ordered or commissioned the operation of a food truck at a private or public gathering. See Utah Code 10-8-27
Food truck operator: means a person who owns, manages, or controls, or who has the duty to manage or control, the operation of a food truck. See Utah Code 10-8-27
Food truck vendor: means a person who sells, cooks, or serves food or beverages from a food truck. See Utah Code 10-8-27
Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
General plan: means a document that a municipality adopts that sets forth general guidelines for proposed future development of the land within the municipality. See Utah Code 10-9a-103
Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
Governing body: means collectively the legislative body and the executive of any municipality. See Utah Code 10-1-104
Health department food truck permit: means a document that a local health department issues to authorize a person to operate a food truck within the jurisdiction of the local health department. See Utah Code 10-8-27
Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
Label: means the display of written, printed, or graphic matter upon a tag or upon the immediate container of a bedding, upholstered furniture, quilted clothing, or filling material. See Utah Code 4-24-105
Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
Livestock: means cattle, calves, horses, mules, sheep, goats, or hogs. See Utah Code 4-24-102
Livestock market: means a public market place consisting of pens or other enclosures where cattle, calves, horses, or mules are received on consignment and kept for subsequent sale, either through public auction or private sale. See Utah Code 4-24-102
Manufacture: means to make, process, or prepare from new or secondhand material, in whole or in part, a bedding, upholstered furniture, quilted clothing, or filling material for sale. See Utah Code 4-24-105
Mark: means any cutting and shaping of the ears or brisket area of livestock that is intended to show ownership. See Utah Code 4-24-102
Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
a metro township as that term is defined in Section 10-2a-403 unless the term is used in the context of authorizing, governing, or otherwise regulating the provision of municipal services. See Utah Code 10-1-104
National Bank: A bank that is subject to the supervision of the Comptroller of the Currency. The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency is a bureau of the U.S. Treasury Department. A national bank can be recognized because it must have "national" or "national association" in its name. Source: OCC
New material: includes by-products from a textile mill using only new raw material synthesized from a product that has been melted, liquified, and re-extruded. See Utah Code 4-24-105
Nonrecurring tax notice charge: means a tax notice charge that a political subdivision certifies to the county treasurer on a one-time or case-by-case basis rather than regularly over multiple calendar years. See Utah Code 10-8-49
Notice of lien: means a notice that:
a political subdivision records in the office of the recorder of the county in which a property that is the subject of a nonrecurring tax notice charge is located; and
describes the nature and amount of the nonrecurring tax notice charge and whether the political subdivision intends to certify the charge to the county treasurer under statutory authority that allows the treasurer to place the charge on the property tax notice described in Section 59-2-1317. See Utah Code 10-8-49
Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
Officer: means a person who is elected or appointed to an office or position within a political subdivision. See Utah Code 10-8-33
Open range: means land upon which cattle, sheep, or other domestic animals are grazed or permitted to roam by custom, license, lease, or permit. See Utah Code 4-24-102
Organization: means a corporation, government or governmental subdivision or agency, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, association, two or more persons having a joint or common interest, or any other legal entity. See Utah Code 4-7-110
Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
Person: includes an individual, partnership, association, organization, corporation, labor union, legal representative, trustee, trustee in bankruptcy, receiver , and other organized groups of persons. See Utah Code 10-9a-212
Person: means a natural person or individual, corporation, organization, or other legal entity. See Utah Code 4-7-110
every place, establishment, or facility of whatever kind, nature, or class that caters or offers services, facilities, or goods to the general public for a fee or charge, except, an establishment that is:
located within a building that contains not more than five rooms for rent or hire; and
actually occupied by the proprietor of the establishment as the proprietor's residence; and
a place, establishment, or facility that caters or offers services, facilities, or goods to the general public gratuitously if the place, establishment, or facility receives any substantial governmental subsidy or support. See Utah Code 10-9a-212
Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
Political subdivision: means :
a city, town, or metro township; or
a county, as it relates to the licensing and regulation of businesses in the unincorporated area of the county. See Utah Code 10-8-27
Political subdivision: means any county, city, town, school district, community reinvestment agency, special improvement or taxing district, local district, special service district, entity created by an interlocal agreement adopted under Title 11, Chapter 13, Interlocal Cooperation Act, or other governmental subdivision or public corporation. See Utah Code 10-8-33
Political subdivision: means :
a county, as that term is defined in Section 17-50-101;
a municipality, as that term is defined in Section 10-1-104;
a local district, as that term is defined in Section 17B-1-102;
a special service district, as that term is defined in Section 17D-1-102;
an interlocal entity, as that term is defined in Section 11-13-103;
Political subdivision lien: means a lien that a statute expressly authorizes a political subdivision to hold and record, including a direct charge that constitutes, according to an express statutory provision, a lien. See Utah Code 10-8-49
Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
Process: means a writ or summons issued in the course of a judicial proceeding. See Utah Code 48-2e-1156
Quilted clothing: means a filled garment or apparel, exclusive of trim used for aesthetic effect, or a stiffener, shoulder pad, interfacing, or other material that is made in whole or in part from filling material and sold or offered for sale. See Utah Code 4-24-105
Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
Repair: means to restore, recover, alter, or renew bedding or upholstered furniture for a consideration. See Utah Code 4-24-105
Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
Retailer: means a person who sells bedding, upholstered furniture, quilted clothing, or filling material to a consumer for use primarily for personal, family, household, or business purposes. See Utah Code 4-24-105
Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
Sterilize: means to disinfect, decontaminate, sanitize, cleanse, or purify as required by Section 4-10-113. See Utah Code 4-24-105
Street: means a public right-of-way, including a highway, avenue, boulevard, parkway, road, lane, walk, alley, viaduct, subway, tunnel, bridge, public easement, or other way. See Utah Code 10-9a-103
Subdivision: includes :
the division or development of land whether by deed, metes and bounds description, devise and testacy, map, plat, or other recorded instrument; and
except as provided in Subsection (57)(c), divisions of land for residential and nonresidential uses, including land used or to be used for commercial, agricultural, and industrial purposes. See Utah Code 10-9a-103
Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
Tag: means a card, flap, or strip attached to an article for the purpose of displaying information required by this chapter or under rule made pursuant to it. See Utah Code 4-24-105
an actual or reasonably anticipated assembly of 500 or more people that continues, or reasonably can be expected to continue, for two or more hours per day; or
an event that requires a more extensive review to protect public health and safety because the event's nature or conditions have the potential of generating environmental or health risks. See Utah Code 10-8-27
Temporary restraining order: Prohibits a person from an action that is likely to cause irreparable harm. This differs from an injunction in that it may be granted immediately, without notice to the opposing party, and without a hearing. It is intended to last only until a hearing can be held.
Unincorporated: means the area outside of the incorporated area of a city or town. See Utah Code 10-9a-103
United States: includes each state, district, and territory of the United States of America. See Utah Code 48-2e-1156
Upholstered furniture: means portable or fixed furniture, except fixed seats in motor vehicles, boats, or aircraft, that is made in whole or in part with filling material, exclusive of trim used for aesthetic effect. See Utah Code 4-24-105
Used: means an article that has been sold to a consumer and has left the store. See Utah Code 4-24-105
Wholesaler: means a person who offers an article for resale to a retailer or institution rather than a final consumer. See Utah Code 4-24-105