Act: means the National Community and Service Trust Act of 1993, 42 U. See Utah Code 9-20-102
Advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
Agent: means a person who, on behalf of a dealer, purchaser, or livestock market, as defined in Section 4-30-102, solicits or negotiates the consignment or purchase of livestock. See Utah Code 4-7-103
Agricultural seed: includes :
grass, forage, cereal, oil, fiber, and other kinds of crop seed commonly recognized within this state as agricultural seed;
combinations of the seed described in Subsections (2)(a) and (2)(b); and
Agriculture: means the science and art of the production of plants and animals useful to man, including the preparation of plants and animals for human use and disposal by marketing or otherwise. See Utah Code 4-1-109
Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
an agency authorized under the laws of a state, territory, or possession to officially certify seed and that has standards and procedures approved by the United States Secretary of Agriculture to assure the genetic purity and identity of the seed certified; or
an agency of a foreign country determined by the United States Secretary of Agriculture to adhere to procedures and standards for seed certification. See Utah Code 4-16-102
Dormant: means viable seed, excluding hard seed, that fail to germinate when provided the specified germination conditions for the kind of seed in question. See Utah Code 4-16-102
Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
Executive director: means the executive director of the Department of Heritage and Arts. See Utah Code 9-1-102
Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
Flower seed: includes the seed of herbaceous plants that are:
grown for their blooms, ornamental foliage, or other ornamental parts; and
commonly known and sold under the name of flower or wildflower seed in this state. See Utah Code 4-16-102
Germination: means the emergence and development from the seed embryo of those essential structures that are, for the kind of seed in question, indicative of the ability to produce a normal plant under favorable conditions. See Utah Code 4-16-102
Hard seed: means seed that remains hard at the end of the prescribed germination test period because the seed has not absorbed water due to an impermeable seed coat. See Utah Code 4-16-102
High quality professional development: means professional development that meets high quality standards developed by the State Board of Education. See Utah Code 9-22-102
Horse event: means an event in which horses are roped or tripped for the purpose of a specific event or contest. See Utah Code 4-2-502
Horse tripping: means the lassoing or roping of the legs of an equine, or otherwise tripping or causing an equine to fall by any means, for the purpose of entertainment, sport, or contest, or practice for entertainment, sport, or contest. See Utah Code 4-2-502
Hybrid: means the first generation seed of a cross produced by controlling pollination and by combining:
two or more inbred lines;
one inbred or a single cross with an open-pollinated variety; or
two varieties or species, except open-pollinated varieties of corn, Zea mays. See Utah Code 4-16-102
Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
Inert matter: means all matter that is not seed, including broken seeds, sterile florets, chaff, fungus bodies, and stones, as determined by methods defined by rule. See Utah Code 4-16-102
Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
Kind: means one or more related species or subspecies of seed that singly or collectively are known by one common name, for example, corn, oats, alfalfa, and timothy. See Utah Code 4-16-102
Label: includes a representation on an invoice, bill, or letterhead. See Utah Code 4-16-102
Labeling: includes a tag or other device attached to, written, stamped, or printed on a container or accompanying a lot of bulk seeds that:
claims to specify the information required on the seed label by this chapter; and
Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
Livestock: means cattle, sheep, goats, swine, horses, mules, poultry, domesticated elk as defined in Section 4-39-102, or any other domestic animal or domestic furbearer raised or kept for profit. See Utah Code 4-1-109
Livestock: means cattle, swine, equines, sheep, camelidae, ratites, bison, goats, and domesticated elk as defined in Section 4-39-102. See Utah Code 4-7-103
Lot: means a definite quantity of seed identified by a number or other mark, every portion or bag of which is uniform within recognized tolerances for the factors that appear in the labeling. See Utah Code 4-16-102
Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
Mortgage: The written agreement pledging property to a creditor as collateral for a loan.
Noxious weed seed: means weed seed declared noxious by the commissioner in accordance with Section 4-17-103. See Utah Code 4-16-102
Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
Off-type: means a seed or plant not part of the variety because the seed or plant deviates in one or more characteristics from the variety. See Utah Code 4-16-102
Organization: means a corporation, government or governmental subdivision or agency, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, association, two or more persons having a joint or common interest, or any other legal entity. See Utah Code 4-1-109
Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
Person: means a natural person or individual, corporation, organization, or other legal entity. See Utah Code 4-1-109
Person: means an individual, partnership, corporation, company, association, receiver, trustee, or agent. See Utah Code 4-16-102
Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
Process: means a writ or summons issued in the course of a judicial proceeding. See Utah Code 68-3-12.5
Producer: means a person who is primarily engaged in the business of raising livestock for profit. See Utah Code 4-7-103
Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
Tree and shrub seed: includes seed of woody plants commonly known and sold as tree and shrub seeds in this state. See Utah Code 4-16-102
Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
United States: includes each state, district, and territory of the United States of America. See Utah Code 68-3-12.5
Variety: means a subdivision of a kind that is:
distinct, meaning a variety can be differentiated by one or more identifiable morphological, physiological, or other characteristics from all other varieties of public knowledge;
uniform, meaning that variations in essential and distinctive characteristics are describable; and
stable, meaning a variety's essential and distinctive characteristics and uniformity will remain unchanged when reproduced or reconstituted as required by the category of variety. See Utah Code 4-16-102
Vegetable seed: includes the seed of those crops that are:
grown in gardens or on truck farms; and
generally known and sold under the name of vegetable or herb seed in this state. See Utah Code 4-16-102
Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
Weed seed: means the seed of all plants generally recognized as weeds within this state, as determined by methods defined by rule. See Utah Code 4-16-102