Advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
Affected entity: means :
a county of the first or second class in whose unincorporated area the area proposed for annexation is located;
a county of the third, fourth, fifth, or sixth class in whose unincorporated area the area proposed for annexation is located, if the area includes residents or commercial or industrial development;
a school district whose boundary includes any part of an area proposed for annexation, if the boundary is proposed to be adjusted as a result of the annexation; and
a municipality whose boundaries are within 1/2 mile of an area proposed for annexation. See Utah Code 10-2-401
Agent: means a person who, on behalf of a dealer, purchaser, or livestock market, as defined in Section 4-30-102, solicits or negotiates the consignment or purchase of livestock. See Utah Code 4-7-103
Agriculture: means the science and art of the production of plants and animals useful to man, including the preparation of plants and animals for human use and disposal by marketing or otherwise. See Utah Code 4-7-110
Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
Annexation petition: means a petition under Section 10-2-403 proposing the annexation to a municipality of a contiguous, unincorporated area that is contiguous to the municipality. See Utah Code 10-2-401
Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
Appropriation: means an allocation of money by the governing body for a specific purpose. See Utah Code 10-2-428
Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
Attorney-in-fact: A person who, acting as an agent, is given written authorization by another person to transact business for him (her) out of court.
Budget: means a plan of financial operations for a fiscal period which embodies estimates of proposed expenditures for given purposes and the proposed means of financing them. See Utah Code 10-2-428
Budget officer: means the city auditor in a city of the first and second class, the mayor or some person appointed by the mayor with the approval of the city council in a city of the third, fourth, or fifth class, the mayor in the council-mayor optional form of government, or the person designated by the charter in a charter city. See Utah Code 10-2-428
Budget period: means the fiscal period for which a budget is prepared. See Utah Code 10-2-428
Charity: An agency, institution, or organization in existence and operating for the benefit of an indefinite number of persons and conducted for educational, religious, scientific, medical, or other beneficent purposes.
Check: means an order in a specific amount drawn upon a depository by an authorized officer of a city. See Utah Code 10-2-428
City: means a municipality that is classified by population as a city of the first class, a city of the second class, a city of the third class, a city of the fourth class, or a city of the fifth class, under Section 10-2-301. See Utah Code 10-1-104
Delivered value: means the fair market value of the taxable energy delivered for sale or use in the municipality and includes:
the value of the energy itself; and
any transportation, freight, customer demand charges, services charges, or other costs typically incurred in providing taxable energy in usable form to each class of customer in the municipality. See Utah Code 10-1-303
Department: means any functional unit within a fund that carries on a specific activity, such as a fire or police department within a city general fund. See Utah Code 10-2-428
Electronic funds transfer: The transfer of money between accounts by consumer electronic systems-such as automated teller machines (ATMs) and electronic payment of bills-rather than by check or cash. (Wire transfers, checks, drafts, and paper instruments do not fall into this category.) Source: OCC
Energy supplier: means a person supplying taxable energy, except that the commission may by rule exclude from this definition a person supplying a de minimis amount of taxable energy. See Utah Code 10-1-303
Enterprise fund: means a fund as defined by the Governmental Accounting Standards Board that is used by a municipality to report an activity for which a fee is charged to users for goods or services. See Utah Code 10-1-404
Enterprise fund: means a fund as defined by the Governmental Accounting Standards Board that is used by a municipality to report an activity for which a fee is charged to users for goods or services. See Utah Code 10-2-428
Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
Estimated revenue: means the amount of revenue estimated to be received from all sources during the budget period in each fund for which a budget is being prepared. See Utah Code 10-2-428
Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
Feasibility consultant: means a person or firm with expertise in the processes and economics of local government. See Utah Code 10-2-401
Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
Financial officer: means the mayor in the council-mayor optional form of government or the city official as authorized by Section 10-6-158. See Utah Code 10-2-428
Fiscal period: means the annual or biennial period for accounting for fiscal operations in each city. See Utah Code 10-2-428
Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
Franchise agreement: means a franchise or an ordinance, contract, or agreement granting a franchise. See Utah Code 10-1-303
Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
Fund: is a s defined by the Governmental Accounting Standards Board as reflected in the Uniform Accounting Manual for All Local Governments prepared by the Office of the Utah State Auditor. See Utah Code 10-1-404
Fund: is a s defined by generally accepted accounting principles as reflected in the Uniform Accounting Manual for Utah Cities. See Utah Code 10-2-428
General fund: is a s defined by the Governmental Accounting Standards Board as reflected in the Uniform Accounting Manual for All Local Governments prepared by the Office of the Utah State Auditor. See Utah Code 10-1-404
General fund: is a s defined by the Governmental Accounting Standards Board as reflected in the Uniform Accounting Manual for All Local Governments prepared by the Office of the Utah State Auditor. See Utah Code 10-2-428
Governing body: means a city council, or city commission, as the case may be, but the authority to make any appointment to any position created by this chapter is vested in the mayor in the council-mayor optional form of government. See Utah Code 10-2-428
Governing body: means collectively the legislative body and the executive of any municipality. See Utah Code 10-1-104
Gross receipts from telecommunications service: includes a charge necessary to complete a sale of a telecommunications service. See Utah Code 10-1-402
Horse event: means an event in which horses are roped or tripped for the purpose of a specific event or contest. See Utah Code 4-2-502
Horse tripping: means the lassoing or roping of the legs of an equine, or otherwise tripping or causing an equine to fall by any means, for the purpose of entertainment, sport, or contest, or practice for entertainment, sport, or contest. See Utah Code 4-2-502
Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
Interfund loan: means a loan of cash from one fund to another, subject to future repayment. See Utah Code 10-1-404
Interfund loan: means a loan of cash from one fund to another, subject to future repayment. See Utah Code 10-2-428
Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
Last completed fiscal period: means the fiscal period next preceding the current period. See Utah Code 10-2-428
Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
Livestock: means cattle, sheep, goats, swine, horses, mules, poultry, domesticated elk as defined in Section 4-39-102, or any other domestic animal or domestic furbearer raised or kept for profit. See Utah Code 4-7-110
Livestock: means cattle, swine, equines, sheep, camelidae, ratites, bison, goats, and domesticated elk as defined in Section 4-39-102. See Utah Code 4-7-103
Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
Mobile telecommunications service: is a s defined in the Mobile Telecommunications Sourcing Act, 4 U. See Utah Code 10-1-402
a metro township as that term is defined in Section 10-2a-403 unless the term is used in the context of authorizing, governing, or otherwise regulating the provision of municipal services. See Utah Code 10-1-104
Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
Organization: means a corporation, government or governmental subdivision or agency, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, association, two or more persons having a joint or common interest, or any other legal entity. See Utah Code 4-7-110
Outlays: Outlays are payments made (generally through the issuance of checks or disbursement of cash) to liquidate obligations. Outlays during a fiscal year may be for payment of obligations incurred in prior years or in the same year.
Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
Peninsula: when used to describe an unincorporated area, means an area surrounded on more than 1/2 of its boundary distance, but not completely, by incorporated territory and situated so that the length of a line drawn across the unincorporated area from an incorporated area to an incorporated area on the opposite side shall be less than 25% of the total aggregate boundaries of the unincorporated area. See Utah Code 10-1-104
Person: means a natural person or individual, corporation, organization, or other legal entity. See Utah Code 4-7-110
own title to real property within the area proposed for disconnection; and
sign a request for disconnection proposing to disconnect the area proposed for disconnection from the municipality; or
the mayor of the municipality within which the area proposed for disconnection is located who signs a request for disconnection proposing to disconnect the area proposed for disconnection from the municipality. See Utah Code 10-2-501
Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
Process: means a writ or summons issued in the course of a judicial proceeding. See Utah Code 48-2e-1156
Producer: means a person who is primarily engaged in the business of raising livestock for profit. See Utah Code 4-7-103
Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
Public funds: means any money or payment collected or received by an officer or employee of the city acting in an official capacity and includes money or payment to the officer or employee for services or goods provided by the city, or the officer or employee while acting within the scope of employment or duty. See Utah Code 10-2-428
Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
if the location described in this Subsection (8)(a) is known, the location of the telecommunications equipment:
to which a call is charged; and
from which the call originates or terminates;
if the location described in Subsection (8)(a) is not known but the location described in this Subsection (8)(b) is known, the location of the origination point of the signal of the telecommunications service first identified by:
the telecommunications system of the telecommunications provider; or
if the system used to transport the signal is not a system of the telecommunications provider, information received by the telecommunications provider from its service provider; or
if the locations described in Subsection (8)(a) or (b) are not known, the location of a customer's place of primary use. See Utah Code 10-1-402
Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
Signature: includes a name, mark, or sign written with the intent to authenticate an instrument or writing. See Utah Code 48-2e-1156
Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
Unincorporated peninsula: means an unincorporated area:
that is part of a larger unincorporated area;
that extends from the rest of the unincorporated area of which it is a part;
that is surrounded by land that is within a municipality, except where the area connects to and extends from the rest of the unincorporated area of which it is a part; and
whose width, at any point where a straight line may be drawn from a place where it borders a municipality to another place where it borders a municipality, is no more than 25% of the boundary of the area where it borders a municipality. See Utah Code 10-2-401
United States: includes each state, district, and territory of the United States of America. See Utah Code 48-2e-1156
Urban development: means :
a housing development with more than 15 residential units and an average density greater than one residential unit per acre; or
a commercial or industrial development for which cost projections exceed $750,000 for all phases. See Utah Code 10-2-401
Utah Code: means the 1953 recodification of the Utah Code, as amended, unless the text expressly references a portion of the 1953 recodification of the Utah Code as it existed:Utah Code 48-2e-1156
Utility: means a utility owned by a city, in whole or in part, that provides electricity, gas, water, or sewer, or any combination of them. See Utah Code 10-2-428
Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
Warrant: means an order drawn upon the city treasurer, in the absence of sufficient money in the city's depository, by an authorized officer of a city for the purpose of paying a specified amount out of the city treasury to the person named or to the bearer as money becomes available. See Utah Code 10-2-428