Administrator: includes "executor" when the subject matter justifies the use. See Utah Code 68-3-12.5
Advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
Agricultural crops: means any product of cultivation;
"Board" means the Agricultural and Wildlife Damage Prevention Board;
"Bounty" means the monetary compensation paid to persons for the harvest of predatory or depredating animals;
"Damage" means any injury or loss to livestock, poultry, agricultural crops, or wildlife inflicted by predatory or depredating animals or depredating birds;
"Depredating animal" means a field mouse, gopher, ground squirrel, jack rabbit, raccoon, or prairie dog;
"Depredating bird" means a Brewer's blackbird or starling;
"Livestock" means cattle, horses, mules, sheep, goats, and swine;
"Predatory animal" means any coyote; and
"Wildlife" means any form of animal life generally living in a state of nature, except a predatory animal or a depredating animal or bird. See Utah Code 4-23-103
Agricultural use: means a use that relates to the tilling of soil and raising of crops, or keeping or raising domestic animals. See Utah Code 15A-1-202
Agriculture: means the science and art of the production of plants and animals useful to man, including the preparation of plants and animals for human use and disposal by marketing or otherwise. See Utah Code 4-1-109
Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
Approved code: means a code, including the standards and specifications contained in the code, approved by the division under Section 15A-1-204 for use by a compliance agency. See Utah Code 15A-1-202
Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
Automatic renewal provision: means a provision under which a service contract is renewed for one or more specified periods if:
the renewal causes the service contract to be in effect more than six months after the day of the initiation of the service contract; and
the renewal is effective unless the consumer gives notice to the seller of the consumer's intention to terminate the service contract. See Utah Code 15-10-102
Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
Bailiff: a court officer who enforces the rules of behavior in courtrooms.
Building: means a structure used or intended for supporting or sheltering any use or occupancy and any improvements attached to it. See Utah Code 15A-1-202
Business entity: means a sole proprietorship, partnership, limited partnership, limited liability company, corporation, or other entity or association used to carry on a business for profit. See Utah Code 13-57-102
Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
County: means a unit of local government that is a body corporate and politic and a legal subdivision of the state, with geographic boundaries as described in Section 17-50-104, and powers as provided in Part 3, County Powers. See Utah Code 17-50-101
Domesticated elk: means elk of the genus and species cervus elaphus, held in captivity and domestically raised for commercial purposes. See Utah Code 4-39-102
Domesticated elk facility: means a facility where only domesticated elk are raised. See Utah Code 4-39-102
Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
Executive: when used to describe the powers, duties, or functions of a person or body elected as the county executive or a person appointed as the county manager or administrative officer, refers to:
the power and duty to carry laws and ordinances into effect and secure their due observance; and
those powers, duties, and functions that, under constitutional and statutory provisions and through long usage and accepted practice and custom at the federal and state level, have come to be regarded as belonging to the executive branch of government. See Utah Code 17-50-101
Executive director: means the executive director of the Department of Commerce. See Utah Code 15A-1-202
Extradition: The formal process of delivering an accused or convicted person from authorities in one state to authorities in another state.
Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
Grand jury: agreement providing that a lender will delay exercising its rights (in the case of a mortgage,
Industrial hemp: means any part of a cannabis plant, whether growing or not, with a concentration of less than 0. See Utah Code 4-41-102
Industrial hemp certificate: means a certificate that the department issues to a higher education institution to grow or cultivate industrial hemp under Subsection 4-41-103(1). See Utah Code 4-41-102
Industrial hemp laboratory permit: means a permit that the department issues to a laboratory qualified to test industrial hemp under the state hemp production plan. See Utah Code 4-41-102
Industrial hemp producer license: means a license that the department issues to a person for the purpose of cultivating or processing industrial hemp or an industrial hemp product. See Utah Code 4-41-102
Industrial hemp product: means a product derived from, or made by, processing industrial hemp plants or industrial hemp parts. See Utah Code 4-41-102
Industrial hemp retailer permit: means a permit that the department issues to a retailer who sells any industrial hemp product. See Utah Code 4-41-102
Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
Law clerk: Assist judges with research and drafting of opinions.
Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
Legal funding: means a payment of $500,000 or less to an individual in exchange for the right to receive an amount out of the potential proceeds of any realized settlement, judgment, award, or verdict the individual may receive in a civil legal action. See Utah Code 13-57-102
Legislative: when used to describe the powers, duties, or functions of a county commission or council, refers to:
the power and duty to enact ordinances, levy taxes, and establish budgets; and
those powers, duties, and functions that, under constitutional and statutory provisions and through long usage and accepted practice and custom at the federal and state level, have come to be regarded as belonging to the legislative branch of government. See Utah Code 17-50-101
Legislative session: That part of a chamber's daily session in which it considers legislative business (bills, resolutions, and actions related thereto).
Licensee: means a person possessing an industrial hemp producer license that the department issues under this chapter. See Utah Code 4-41-102
Livestock: means cattle, sheep, goats, swine, horses, mules, poultry, domesticated elk as defined in Section 4-39-102, or any other domestic animal or domestic furbearer raised or kept for profit. See Utah Code 4-1-109
Local regulator: means a political subdivision of the state that is empowered to engage in the regulation of construction, alteration, remodeling, building, repair, and other activities subject to the codes. See Utah Code 15A-1-202
Maintenance funding agreement: means an agreement between an individual and a maintenance funding provider under which the maintenance funding provider provides legal funding to the individual. See Utah Code 13-57-102
Maintenance funding provider: means a business entity that engages in the business of legal funding. See Utah Code 13-57-102
Manufactured home: means a transportable factory built housing unit constructed on or after June 15, 1976, according to the HUD Code, in one or more sections, that:
in the traveling mode, is eight body feet or more in width or 40 body feet or more in length, or when erected on site, is 400 or more square feet; and
is built on a permanent chassis and designed to be used as a dwelling with or without a permanent foundation when connected to the required utilities, and includes the plumbing, heating, air-conditioning, and electrical systems. See Utah Code 15A-1-302
Mass timber: means a structural element of Type IV construction primarily of solid, built-up, panelized or engineered wood products that meet minimum cross section dimensions of Type IV construction. See Utah Code 15A-2a-102
Medicinal dosage form: means :
a concentrated oil;
a liquid suspension;
a sublingual preparation;
a topical preparation;
a transdermal preparation;
a gelatinous cube, gelatinous rectangular cuboid, or lozenge in a cube or rectangular cuboid shape; or
Not for human occupancy: means use of a structure for purposes other than protection or comfort of human beings, but allows people to enter the structure for:
maintenance and repair; and
the care of livestock, crops, or equipment intended for agricultural use which are kept there. See Utah Code 15A-1-202
Notice: includes all papers and orders, except process, required to be served in any proceeding before any court, board, commission or officer, or when required by law to be served independently of such proceedings. See Utah Code 17-22-1
Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
Organization: means a corporation, government or governmental subdivision or agency, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, association, two or more persons having a joint or common interest, or any other legal entity. See Utah Code 4-1-109
Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
Person: means a natural person or individual, corporation, organization, or other legal entity. See Utah Code 4-1-109
Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
Power purchase agreement: means an agreement:
between a customer and a solar retailer;
for the customer's purchase of electricity generated by a residential solar energy system owned by the solar retailer; and
that provides for the customer to make payments over a term of at least five years. See Utah Code 13-52-102
Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
Process: as used in this chapter includes all writs, warrants, summonses and orders of the courts of justice or judicial officers. See Utah Code 17-22-1
Process: means a writ or summons issued in the course of a judicial proceeding. See Utah Code 68-3-12.5
Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
Right of rescission: Right to cancel, within three business days, a contract that uses the home of a person as collateral, except in the case of a first mortgage loan. There is no fee to the borrower, who receives a full refund of all fees paid. The right of rescission is guaranteed by the Truth in Lending Act (TILA). Source: OCC
State hemp production plan: means a plan submitted by the state to, and approved by, the United States Department of Agriculture in accordance with 7 C. See Utah Code 4-41-102
State regulator: means an agency of the state which is empowered to engage in the regulation of construction, alteration, remodeling, building, repair, and other activities subject to the codes adopted pursuant to this chapter. See Utah Code 15A-1-202
Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
System lease agreement: means an agreement:
under which a customer leases a residential solar energy system from a solar retailer; and
that provides for the customer to make payments over a term of at least five years for the lease of the residential solar energy system. See Utah Code 13-52-102
System purchase agreement: means an agreement under which a customer purchases a residential solar energy system from a solar retailer. See Utah Code 13-52-102