Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
Agency: means a board, commission, department, division, officer, council, office, committee, bureau, or other administrative unit of this state, including the agency head, agency employees, or other persons acting on behalf of or under the authority of the agency head, but does not mean the Legislature, the courts, the governor, any political subdivision of the state, or any administrative unit of a political subdivision of the state. See Utah Code 63G-4-103
Agency head: means an individual or body of individuals in whom the ultimate legal authority of the agency is vested by statute. See Utah Code 63G-4-103
Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
Assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
Camper: means any structure designed, used, and maintained primarily to be mounted on or affixed to a motor vehicle that contains a floor and is designed to provide a mobile dwelling, sleeping place, commercial space, or facilities for human habitation or for camping. See Utah Code 41-1a-102
Electric motor vehicle: means a motor vehicle that is powered solely by an electric motor drawing current from a rechargeable energy storage system. See Utah Code 41-1a-102
Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
Extradition: The formal process of delivering an accused or convicted person from authorities in one state to authorities in another state.
Farm truck: means a truck used by the owner or operator of a farm solely for the owner's or operator's own use in the transportation of:
farm products, including livestock and its products, poultry and its products, floricultural and horticultural products;
farm supplies, including tile, fence, and every other thing or commodity used in agricultural, floricultural, horticultural, livestock, and poultry production; and
livestock, poultry, and other animals and things used for breeding, feeding, or other purposes connected with the operation of a farm. See Utah Code 41-1a-102
Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
Gross laden weight: means the actual weight of a vehicle or combination of vehicles, equipped for operation, to which shall be added the maximum load to be carried. See Utah Code 41-1a-102
Hearsay: Statements by a witness who did not see or hear the incident in question but heard about it from someone else. Hearsay is usually not admissible as evidence in court.
Hybrid electric motor vehicle: means a motor vehicle that draws propulsion energy from onboard sources of stored energy that are both:
an internal combustion engine or heat engine using consumable fuel; and
a rechargeable energy storage system where energy for the storage system comes solely from sources onboard the vehicle. See Utah Code 41-1a-102
Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
Oral argument: An opportunity for lawyers to summarize their position before the court and also to answer the judges' questions.
Owner: means a person, other than a lienholder, holding title to a vehicle, vessel, or outboard motor whether or not the vehicle, vessel, or outboard motor is subject to a security interest. See Utah Code 41-1a-102
Park model recreational vehicle: means a unit that:
is designed and marketed as temporary living quarters for recreational, camping, travel, or seasonal use;
is not permanently affixed to real property for use as a permanent dwelling;
requires a special highway movement permit for transit; and
is built on a single chassis mounted on wheels with a gross trailer area not exceeding 400 square feet in the setup mode. See Utah Code 41-1a-102
Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
Party: means the agency or other person commencing an adjudicative proceeding, all respondents, all persons permitted by the presiding officer to intervene in the proceeding, and all persons authorized by statute or agency rule to participate as parties in an adjudicative proceeding. See Utah Code 63G-4-103
Person: means an individual, group of individuals, partnership, corporation, association, political subdivision or its units, governmental subdivision or its units, public or private organization or entity of any character, or another agency. See Utah Code 63G-4-103
Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
Plug-in hybrid electric motor vehicle: means a hybrid electric motor vehicle that has the capability to charge the battery or batteries used for vehicle propulsion from an off-vehicle electric source, such that the off-vehicle source cannot be connected to the vehicle while the vehicle is in motion. See Utah Code 41-1a-102
Presiding officer: means an agency head, or an individual or body of individuals designated by the agency head, by the agency's rules, or by statute to conduct an adjudicative proceeding. See Utah Code 63G-4-103
Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
Process: means a writ or summons issued in the course of a judicial proceeding. See Utah Code 48-2e-1156
Registration: means a document issued by a jurisdiction that allows operation of a vehicle or vessel on the highways or waters of this state for the time period for which the registration is valid and that is evidence of compliance with the registration requirements of the jurisdiction. See Utah Code 41-1a-102
Remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings.
Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
Respondent: means a person against whom an adjudicative proceeding is initiated, whether by an agency or any other person. See Utah Code 63G-4-103
Semitrailer: means every vehicle without motive power designed for carrying persons or property and for being drawn by a motor vehicle and constructed so that some part of its weight and its load rests or is carried by another vehicle. See Utah Code 41-1a-102
Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
Special group license plate: means a type of license plate designed for a particular group of people or a license plate authorized and issued by the division in accordance with Section 41-1a-418. See Utah Code 41-1a-102
State: when applied to the different parts of the United States, includes a state, district, or territory of the United States. See Utah Code 48-2e-1156
Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
Superior agency: means an agency required or authorized by law to review the orders of another agency. See Utah Code 63G-4-103
Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
Trailer: means a vehicle without motive power designed for carrying persons or property and for being drawn by a motor vehicle and constructed so that no part of its weight rests upon the towing vehicle. See Utah Code 41-1a-102
Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
Vehicle: includes a motor vehicle, trailer, semitrailer, off-highway vehicle, camper, park model recreational vehicle, manufactured home, and mobile home. See Utah Code 41-1a-102
Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.