Part 1 General Provisions 63M-7-101
Part 2 Commission on Criminal and Juvenile Justice 63M-7-201 – 63M-7-207
Part 3 Utah Substance Abuse Advisory Council 63M-7-301 – 63M-7-306
Part 4 Sentencing Commission 63M-7-401 – 63M-7-406
Part 5 Utah Office for Victims of Crime 63M-7-501 – 63M-7-525
Part 6 Utah Council on Victims of Crime 63M-7-601 – 63M-7-605

Terms Used In Utah Code > Title 63M > Chapter 7

  • Accomplice: means a person who has engaged in criminal conduct as defined in Section 76-2-202. See Utah Code 63M-7-502
  • Administrator: includes "executor" when the subject matter justifies the use. See Utah Code 68-3-12.5
  • appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • assets: (1) The property comprising the estate of a deceased person, or (2) the property in a trust account.
  • attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Board: means the Crime Victim Reparations and Assistance Board created under Section 63M-7-504. See Utah Code 63M-7-502
  • Child: means an unemancipated person who is under 18 years of age. See Utah Code 63M-7-502
  • Claim: means :
    (a) the victim's application or request for a reparations award; and
    (b) the formal action taken by a victim to apply for reparations pursuant to this chapter. See Utah Code 63M-7-502
  • Claimant: means any of the following claiming reparations under this chapter:
    (a) a victim;
    (b) a dependent of a deceased victim;
    (c) a representative other than a collateral source; or
    (d) the person or representative who files a claim on behalf of a victim. See Utah Code 63M-7-502
  • Collateral source: means the definition as provided in Section 63M-7-513. See Utah Code 63M-7-502
  • contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • council: means the Utah Substance Use and Mental Health Advisory Council created in this section. See Utah Code 63M-7-301
  • Criminally injurious conduct: includes an act of terrorism, as defined in 18 U. See Utah Code 63M-7-502
  • decedent: A deceased person.
  • defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • defense attorney: Represent defendants in criminal matters.
  • Dependent: means a natural person to whom the victim is wholly or partially legally responsible for care or support and includes a child of the victim born after the victim's death. See Utah Code 63M-7-502
  • Director: means the director of the Utah Office for Victims of Crime. See Utah Code 63M-7-502
  • Disposition: means the sentencing or determination of penalty or punishment to be imposed upon a person:
    (a) convicted of a crime;
    (b) found delinquent; or
    (c) against whom a finding of sufficient facts for conviction or finding of delinquency is made. See Utah Code 63M-7-502
  • Economic loss: means economic detriment consisting only of allowable expense, work loss, replacement services loss, and if injury causes death, dependent's economic loss and dependent's replacement service loss. See Utah Code 63M-7-502
  • entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Executor: includes "administrator" when the subject matter justifies the use. See Utah Code 68-3-12.5
  • felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Fraudulent claim: means a filed claim based on material misrepresentation of fact and intended to deceive the reparations staff for the purpose of obtaining reparation funds for which the claimant is not eligible as provided in Section 63M-7-510. See Utah Code 63M-7-502
  • Fund: means the Crime Victim Reparations Fund created in Section 51-9-404. See Utah Code 63M-7-502
  • garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
  • Guardian: includes a person who:Utah Code 68-3-12.5
  • Law enforcement officer: means a law enforcement officer as defined in Section 53-13-103. See Utah Code 63M-7-502
  • Mental health counseling: means outpatient and inpatient counseling necessitated as a result of criminally injurious conduct. See Utah Code 63M-7-502
  • misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • Oath: includes "affirmation. See Utah Code 68-3-12.5
  • Offender: means a person who has violated the criminal code through criminally injurious conduct regardless of whether the person is arrested, prosecuted, or convicted. See Utah Code 63M-7-502
  • Offense: means a violation of the criminal code. See Utah Code 63M-7-502
  • office: means the director, the reparations and assistance officers, and any other staff employed for the purpose of carrying out the provisions of this chapter. See Utah Code 63M-7-502
  • oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • Perpetrator: means the person who actually participated in the criminally injurious conduct. See Utah Code 63M-7-502
  • Person: means :Utah Code 68-3-12.5
  • Personal property: includes :Utah Code 68-3-12.5
  • presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Process: means a writ or summons issued in the course of a judicial proceeding. See Utah Code 68-3-12.5
  • Property: includes both real and personal property. See Utah Code 68-3-12.5
  • prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Reparations officer: means a person employed by the office to investigate claims of victims and award reparations under this chapter, and includes the director when the director is acting as a reparations officer. See Utah Code 63M-7-502
  • Representative: means the victim, immediate family member, legal guardian, attorney, conservator, executor, or an heir of a person but does not include service providers. See Utah Code 63M-7-502
  • Restitution: means money or services an appropriate authority orders an offender to pay or render to a victim of the offender's conduct. See Utah Code 63M-7-502
  • sentencing guidelines: A set of rules and principles established by the United States Sentencing Commission that trial judges use to determine the sentence for a convicted defendant. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Service provider: means a person or agency who provides a service to crime victims for a monetary fee except attorneys as provided in Section 63M-7-524. See Utah Code 63M-7-502
  • State: when applied to the different parts of the United States, includes a state, district, or territory of the United States. See Utah Code 68-3-12.5
  • statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • United States: includes each state, district, and territory of the United States of America. See Utah Code 68-3-12.5
  • Veteran: means an individual who:Utah Code 68-3-12.5
  • Victim: includes a resident of this state who is injured or killed by an act of terrorism, as defined in 18 U. See Utah Code 63M-7-502
  • victim advocate: work with prosecutors and assist the victims of a crime.
  • Work loss: means loss of income from work the injured victim would have performed if the injured victim had not been injured and expenses reasonably incurred by the injured victim in obtaining services in lieu of those the injured victim would have performed for income, reduced by any income from substitute work the injured victim was capable of performing but unreasonably failed to undertake. See Utah Code 63M-7-502
  • Writing: includes :Utah Code 68-3-12.5
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