Part 1 General Provisions 63M-7-101
Part 2 Commission on Criminal and Juvenile Justice 63M-7-201 – 63M-7-210
Part 3 Utah Substance Abuse Advisory Council 63M-7-301 – 63M-7-306
Part 4 Sentencing Commission 63M-7-401 – 63M-7-406
Part 5 Utah Office for Victims of Crime 63M-7-501 – 63M-7-525
Part 6 Utah Council on Victims of Crime 63M-7-601 – 63M-7-605

Terms Used In Utah Code > Title 63M > Chapter 7

  • Accomplice: means a person who has engaged in criminal conduct as defined in Section 76-2-202. See Utah Code 63M-7-502
  • Administrator: includes "executor" when the subject matter justifies the use. See Utah Code 48-2e-1156
  • Appeal: A request made after a trial, asking another court (usually the court of appeals) to decide whether the trial was conducted properly. To make such a request is "to appeal" or "to take an appeal." One who appeals is called the appellant.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Bicycle: includes an electric assisted bicycle. See Utah Code 41-6a-102
  • Board: means the Crime Victim Reparations and Assistance Board created under Section 63M-7-504. See Utah Code 63M-7-502
  • Child: means an unemancipated person who is under 18 years of age. See Utah Code 63M-7-502
  • Claim: means :
    (a) the victim's application or request for a reparations award; and
    (b) the formal action taken by a victim to apply for reparations pursuant to this chapter. See Utah Code 63M-7-502
  • Claimant: means any of the following claiming reparations under this chapter:
    (a) a victim;
    (b) a dependent of a deceased victim;
    (c) a representative other than a collateral source; or
    (d) the person or representative who files a claim on behalf of a victim. See Utah Code 63M-7-502
  • Collateral source: means the definition as provided in Section 63M-7-513. See Utah Code 63M-7-502
  • Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • council: means the Utah Substance Use and Mental Health Advisory Council created in this section. See Utah Code 63M-7-301
  • Criminally injurious conduct: includes an act of terrorism, as defined in 18 U. See Utah Code 63M-7-502
  • Crosswalk: means :
    (a) that part of a roadway at an intersection included within the connections of the lateral lines of the sidewalks on opposite sides of the highway measured from:
    (i) 
    (A) the curbs; or
    (B) in the absence of curbs, from the edges of the traversable roadway; and
    (ii) in the absence of a sidewalk on one side of the roadway, that part of a roadway included within the extension of the lateral lines of the existing sidewalk at right angles to the centerline; or
    (b) any portion of a roadway at an intersection or elsewhere distinctly indicated for pedestrian crossing by lines or other markings on the surface. See Utah Code 41-6a-102
  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • Defense attorney: Represent defendants in criminal matters.
  • Dependent: means a natural person to whom the victim is wholly or partially legally responsible for care or support and includes a child of the victim born after the victim's death. See Utah Code 63M-7-502
  • Director: means the director of the Utah Office for Victims of Crime. See Utah Code 63M-7-502
  • Disposition: means the sentencing or determination of penalty or punishment to be imposed upon a person:
    (a) convicted of a crime;
    (b) found delinquent; or
    (c) against whom a finding of sufficient facts for conviction or finding of delinquency is made. See Utah Code 63M-7-502
  • Economic loss: means economic detriment consisting only of allowable expense, work loss, replacement services loss, and if injury causes death, dependent's economic loss and dependent's replacement service loss. See Utah Code 63M-7-502
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • Executor: includes "administrator" when the subject matter justifies the use. See Utah Code 48-2e-1156
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Fraudulent claim: means a filed claim based on material misrepresentation of fact and intended to deceive the reparations staff for the purpose of obtaining reparation funds for which the claimant is not eligible as provided in Section 63M-7-510. See Utah Code 63M-7-502
  • Fund: means the Crime Victim Reparations Fund created in Section 51-9-404. See Utah Code 63M-7-502
  • Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
  • Guardian: includes a person who:Utah Code 48-2e-1156
  • Highway: means the entire width between property lines of every way or place of any nature when any part of it is open to the use of the public as a matter of right for vehicular travel. See Utah Code 41-6a-102
  • Highway authority: means the same as that term is defined in Section 72-1-102. See Utah Code 41-6a-102
  • Intersection: means the area embraced within the prolongation or connection of the lateral curblines, or, if none, then the lateral boundary lines of the roadways of two or more highways which join one another. See Utah Code 41-6a-102
  • Jurisdiction: (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. Concurrent jurisdiction exists when two courts have simultaneous responsibility for the same case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases.
  • Law enforcement officer: means a law enforcement officer as defined in Section 53-13-103. See Utah Code 63M-7-502
  • Legislative session: That part of a chamber's daily session in which it considers legislative business (bills, resolutions, and actions related thereto).
  • Mental health counseling: means outpatient and inpatient counseling necessitated as a result of criminally injurious conduct. See Utah Code 63M-7-502
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • Month: means a calendar month, unless otherwise expressed. See Utah Code 48-2e-1156
  • Moped: includes a motor assisted scooter. See Utah Code 41-6a-102
  • Motor vehicle: means a vehicle that is self-propelled and every vehicle which is propelled by electric power obtained from overhead trolley wires, but not operated upon rails. See Utah Code 41-6a-102
  • Oath: includes "affirmation. See Utah Code 48-2e-1156
  • Offender: means a person who has violated the criminal code through criminally injurious conduct regardless of whether the person is arrested, prosecuted, or convicted. See Utah Code 63M-7-502
  • Offense: means a violation of the criminal code. See Utah Code 63M-7-502
  • office: means the director, the reparations and assistance officers, and any other staff employed for the purpose of carrying out the provisions of this chapter. See Utah Code 63M-7-502
  • Operator: means a person who is in actual physical control of a vehicle. See Utah Code 41-6a-102
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • parking: means the standing of a vehicle, whether the vehicle is occupied or not. See Utah Code 41-6a-102
  • Peace officer: means a peace officer authorized under Title 53, Chapter 13, Peace Officer Classifications, to direct or regulate traffic or to make arrests for violations of traffic laws. See Utah Code 41-6a-102
  • Pedestrian: means a person traveling:
    (a) on foot; or
    (b) in a wheelchair. See Utah Code 41-6a-102
  • Perpetrator: means the person who actually participated in the criminally injurious conduct. See Utah Code 63M-7-502
  • Person: means :Utah Code 48-2e-1156
  • Person: means every natural person, firm, copartnership, association, or corporation. See Utah Code 41-6a-102
  • Personal property: includes :Utah Code 48-2e-1156
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Plea agreement: An arrangement between the prosecutor, the defense attorney, and the defendant in which the defendant agrees to plead guilty in exchange for special considerations. Source:
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • Private road or driveway: means every way or place in private ownership and used for vehicular travel by the owner and those having express or implied permission from the owner, but not by other persons. See Utah Code 41-6a-102
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Process: means a writ or summons issued in the course of a judicial proceeding. See Utah Code 48-2e-1156
  • Property: includes both real and personal property. See Utah Code 48-2e-1156
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Reparations officer: means a person employed by the office to investigate claims of victims and award reparations under this chapter, and includes the director when the director is acting as a reparations officer. See Utah Code 63M-7-502
  • Representative: means the victim, immediate family member, legal guardian, attorney, conservator, executor, or an heir of a person but does not include service providers. See Utah Code 63M-7-502
  • Restitution: means money or services an appropriate authority orders an offender to pay or render to a victim of the offender's conduct. See Utah Code 63M-7-502
  • Right-of-way: means the right of one vehicle or pedestrian to proceed in a lawful manner in preference to another vehicle or pedestrian approaching under circumstances of direction, speed, and proximity that give rise to danger of collision unless one grants precedence to the other. See Utah Code 41-6a-102
  • Road: includes :Utah Code 48-2e-1156
  • Roadway: means that portion of highway improved, designed, or ordinarily used for vehicular travel. See Utah Code 41-6a-102
  • Semitrailer: means a vehicle with or without motive power:
    (i) designed for carrying persons or property and for being drawn by a motor vehicle; and
    (ii) constructed so that some part of its weight and that of its load rests on or is carried by another vehicle. See Utah Code 41-6a-102
  • Sentencing guidelines: A set of rules and principles established by the United States Sentencing Commission that trial judges use to determine the sentence for a convicted defendant. Source: U.S. Courts
  • Service provider: means a person or agency who provides a service to crime victims for a monetary fee except attorneys as provided in Section 63M-7-524. See Utah Code 63M-7-502
  • Sidewalk: means that portion of a street between the curb lines, or the lateral lines of a roadway, and the adjacent property lines intended for the use of pedestrians. See Utah Code 41-6a-102
  • standing: means the temporary halting of a vehicle, whether occupied or not, for the purpose of and while actually engaged in receiving or discharging passengers. See Utah Code 41-6a-102
  • State: when applied to the different parts of the United States, includes a state, district, or territory of the United States. See Utah Code 48-2e-1156
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
  • Traffic: means pedestrians, ridden or herded animals, vehicles, and other conveyances either singly or together while using any highway for the purpose of travel. See Utah Code 41-6a-102
  • Traffic-control device: means a sign, signal, marking, or device not inconsistent with this chapter placed or erected by a highway authority for the purpose of regulating, warning, or guiding traffic. See Utah Code 41-6a-102
  • Trailer: means a vehicle with or without motive power designed for carrying persons or property and for being drawn by a motor vehicle and constructed so that no part of its weight rests upon the towing vehicle. See Utah Code 41-6a-102
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • United States: includes each state, district, and territory of the United States of America. See Utah Code 48-2e-1156
  • Utah Code: means the 1953 recodification of the Utah Code, as amended, unless the text expressly references a portion of the 1953 recodification of the Utah Code as it existed:Utah Code 48-2e-1156
  • Vehicle: means a device in, on, or by which a person or property is or may be transported or drawn on a highway, except devices used exclusively on stationary rails or tracks. See Utah Code 41-6a-102
  • Veteran: means an individual who:Utah Code 48-2e-1156
  • Victim: includes a resident of this state who is injured or killed by an act of terrorism, as defined in 18 U. See Utah Code 63M-7-502
  • Victim advocate: work with prosecutors and assist the victims of a crime.
  • Work loss: means loss of income from work the injured victim would have performed if the injured victim had not been injured and expenses reasonably incurred by the injured victim in obtaining services in lieu of those the injured victim would have performed for income, reduced by any income from substitute work the injured victim was capable of performing but unreasonably failed to undertake. See Utah Code 63M-7-502
  • Writing: includes :Utah Code 48-2e-1156
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