Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
Authorized emergency vehicle: includes :
fire department vehicles;
other publicly or privately owned vehicles as designated by the commissioner of the Department of Public Safety. See Utah Code 41-6a-102
Case action plan: means a document developed by the Department of Corrections that identifies the program priorities for the treatment of the offender, including the criminal risk factors as determined by a risk and needs assessment conducted by the department. See Utah Code 41-6a-1607
Charity: An agency, institution, or organization in existence and operating for the benefit of an indefinite number of persons and conducted for educational, religious, scientific, medical, or other beneficent purposes.
Community correctional center: means a nonsecure correctional facility operated by the department. See Utah Code 41-6a-1607
Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
Correctional facility: means any facility operated to house offenders, either in a secure or nonsecure setting:
Divided highway: means a highway divided into two or more roadways by:
an unpaved intervening space;
a physical barrier; or
a clearly indicated dividing section constructed to impede vehicular traffic. See Utah Code 41-6a-102
Emergency: means any riot, disturbance, homicide, inmate violence occurring in any correctional facility, or any situation that presents immediate danger to the safety, security, and control of the department. See Utah Code 41-6a-1607
Executive director: means the executive director of the Department of Corrections. See Utah Code 41-6a-1607
Explosives: means any chemical compound or mechanical mixture commonly used or intended for the purpose of producing an explosion and that contains any oxidizing and combustive units or other ingredients in proportions, quantities, or packing so that an ignition by fire, friction, concussion, percussion, or detonator of any part of the compound or mixture may cause a sudden generation of highly heated gases, and the resultant gaseous pressures are capable of producing destructive effects on contiguous objects or of causing death or serious bodily injury. See Utah Code 41-6a-102
Farm tractor: means a motor vehicle designed and used primarily as a farm implement, for drawing plows, mowing machines, and other implements of husbandry. See Utah Code 41-6a-102
Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
Flammable liquid: means a liquid that has a flashpoint of 100 degrees F. See Utah Code 41-6a-102
Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
Gross weight: means the weight of a vehicle without a load plus the weight of any load on the vehicle. See Utah Code 41-6a-102
Habeas corpus: A writ that is usually used to bring a prisoner before the court to determine the legality of his imprisonment. It may also be used to bring a person in custody before the court to give testimony, or to be prosecuted.
Highway: means the entire width between property lines of every way or place of any nature when any part of it is open to the use of the public as a matter of right for vehicular travel. See Utah Code 41-6a-102
Inmate: means any person who is committed to the custody of the department and who is housed at a correctional facility or at a county jail at the request of the department. See Utah Code 41-6a-1607
Intersection: means the area embraced within the prolongation or connection of the lateral curblines, or, if none, then the lateral boundary lines of the roadways of two or more highways which join one another. See Utah Code 41-6a-102
Metal tire: means a tire, the surface of which in contact with the highway is wholly or partly of metal or other hard nonresilient material. See Utah Code 41-6a-102
Motor vehicle: means a vehicle that is self-propelled and every vehicle which is propelled by electric power obtained from overhead trolley wires, but not operated upon rails. See Utah Code 41-6a-102
Motorcycle: means :
a motor vehicle, other than a tractor, having a seat or saddle for the use of the rider and designed to travel with not more than three wheels in contact with the ground; or
Person: means every natural person, firm, copartnership, association, or corporation. See Utah Code 41-6a-102
Pole trailer: means every vehicle without motive power:
designed to be drawn by another vehicle and attached to the towing vehicle by means of a reach, or pole, or by being boomed or otherwise secured to the towing vehicle; and
that is ordinarily used for transporting long or irregular shaped loads including poles, pipes, or structural members generally capable of sustaining themselves as beams between the supporting connections. See Utah Code 41-6a-102
Private road or driveway: means every way or place in private ownership and used for vehicular travel by the owner and those having express or implied permission from the owner, but not by other persons. See Utah Code 41-6a-102
Probable cause: A reasonable ground for belief that the offender violated a specific law.
Probate: Proving a will
Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
Probation officers: Screen applicants for pretrial release and monitor convicted offenders released under court supervision.
Railroad: means a carrier of persons or property upon cars operated on stationary rails. See Utah Code 41-6a-102
Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
Risk and needs assessment: means an actuarial tool validated on criminal offenders that determines:
an individual's risk of reoffending; and
the criminal risk factors that, when addressed, reduce the individual's risk of reoffending. See Utah Code 41-6a-1607
Roadway: means that portion of highway improved, designed, or ordinarily used for vehicular travel. See Utah Code 41-6a-102
School bus: means a motor vehicle that:
complies with the color and identification requirements of the most recent edition of "Minimum Standards for School Buses"; and
is used to transport school children to or from school or school activities. See Utah Code 41-6a-102
Secure correctional facility: means any prison, penitentiary, or other institution operated by the department or under contract for the confinement of offenders, where force may be used to restrain them if they attempt to leave the institution without authorization. See Utah Code 41-6a-1607
Semitrailer: means a vehicle with or without motive power:
designed for carrying persons or property and for being drawn by a motor vehicle; and
constructed so that some part of its weight and that of its load rests on or is carried by another vehicle. See Utah Code 41-6a-102
Sentencing guidelines: A set of rules and principles established by the United States Sentencing Commission that trial judges use to determine the sentence for a convicted defendant. Source: U.S. Courts
Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
Sidewalk: means that portion of a street between the curb lines, or the lateral lines of a roadway, and the adjacent property lines intended for the use of pedestrians. See Utah Code 41-6a-102
Solid rubber tire: means a tire of rubber or other resilient material that does not depend on compressed air for the support of the load. See Utah Code 41-6a-102
Traffic: means pedestrians, ridden or herded animals, vehicles, and other conveyances either singly or together while using any highway for the purpose of travel. See Utah Code 41-6a-102
Traffic-control device: means a sign, signal, marking, or device not inconsistent with this chapter placed or erected by a highway authority for the purpose of regulating, warning, or guiding traffic. See Utah Code 41-6a-102
Traffic-control signal: means a device, whether manually, electrically, or mechanically operated, by which traffic is alternately directed to stop and permitted to proceed. See Utah Code 41-6a-102
Trailer: means a vehicle with or without motive power designed for carrying persons or property and for being drawn by a motor vehicle and constructed so that no part of its weight rests upon the towing vehicle. See Utah Code 41-6a-102
Truck: means a motor vehicle designed, used, or maintained primarily for the transportation of property. See Utah Code 41-6a-102
Truck tractor: means a motor vehicle:
designed and used primarily for drawing other vehicles; and
constructed to carry a part of the weight of the vehicle and load drawn by the truck tractor. See Utah Code 41-6a-102
Urban district: means the territory contiguous to and including any street, in which structures devoted to business, industry, or dwelling houses are situated at intervals of less than 100 feet, for a distance of a quarter of a mile or more. See Utah Code 41-6a-102
Vehicle: means a device in, on, or by which a person or property is or may be transported or drawn on a highway, except devices used exclusively on stationary rails or tracks. See Utah Code 41-6a-102
Victim Impact Statement: A written or spoken statement by the victim or his or her representative about the physical, emotional, and financial impact of a crime on the victim. The statement is given to the court before sentencing.