Terms Used In Vermont Statutes Title 18 Sec. 2

  • Corporation: A legal entity owned by the holders of shares of stock that have been issued, and that can own, receive, and transfer property, and carry on business in its own name.
  • following: when used by way of reference to a section of the law shall mean the next preceding or following section. See
  • Municipality: shall include a city, town, town school district, incorporated school or fire district or incorporated village, and all other governmental incorporated units. See
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • State: when applied to the different parts of the United States may apply to the District of Columbia and any territory and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. See
  • Town: shall include city and wards or precincts therein; "selectboard members" and "board of civil authority" shall extend to and include the mayor and aldermen of cities; "trustees" shall extend to and include bailiffs of incorporated villages; and the laws applicable to the inhabitants and officers of towns shall be applicable to the inhabitants and similar officers of all municipal corporations. See
  • Village: shall mean an incorporated village. See

§ 2. Definitions

The following words and phrases, as used in this title, will have the following meanings unless the context otherwise requires:

(1) "Department" means the Department of Health.

(2) "Board" means the State Board of Health.

(3) "Commissioner" means the Commissioner of Health or the Commissioner’s designee.

(4) "Health officer" means Commissioner of Health, the Commissioner’s designee, or a local or district health officer.

(5) "Local board of health" means the local health officer, with the selectboard of the town or city council of a city.

(6) "Palliative care" means interdisciplinary care given to improve the quality of life of patients and their families facing the problems associated with a serious medical condition. Palliative care through the continuum of illness involves addressing physical, cognitive, emotional, psychological, and spiritual needs and facilitating patient autonomy, access to information, and choice.

(7) "Permit" means any permit or license issued pursuant to this title.

(8) "Person" means any individual, company, corporation, association, partnership, the U.S. government or any department or agency thereof, and the State of Vermont or any department, agency, subdivision, or municipality thereof.

(9) "Public health hazard" means the potential harm to the public health by virtue of any condition or any biological, chemical, or physical agent. In determining whether a health hazard is public or private, the Commissioner shall consider at least the following factors:

(A) the number of persons at risk;

(B) the characteristics of the person or persons at risk;

(C) the characteristics of the condition or agent which is the source of potential harm;

(D) the availability of private remedies;

(E) the geographical area and characteristics thereof where the condition or agent which is the source of the potential harm or the receptors exist; and

(F) Department policy as established by rule or agency procedure.

(10) "Public health risk" means the probability of experiencing a public health hazard.

(11) "Selectboard," in the context of this title, includes trustees of an incorporated village, or a city council when appropriate.

(12) "Significant public health risk" means a public health risk of such magnitude that the Commissioner or a local health officer has reason to believe that it must be mitigated. The magnitude of the risk is a factor of the characteristics of the public health hazard and the degree and the circumstances of exposure to such public health hazard. (Amended 1959, No. 329 (Adj. Sess.), § 27, eff. March 1, 1961; 1977, No. 147 (Adj. Sess.); 1985, No. 267 (Adj. Sess.), § 2; 2009, No. 25, § 2.)