Terms Used In Vermont Statutes > Title 2 > Chapter 20
Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
Annual meeting: when applied to towns shall mean the annual town meeting in March or an adjournment thereof. See
Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
Articles of incorporation: include amended and restated articles of incorporation, articles of merger, and special charters. See
Contract: A legal written agreement that becomes binding when signed.
Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
Deed: The legal instrument used to transfer title in real property from one person to another.
Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
Domestic: when applied to a corporation, company, association, or copartnership shall mean organized under the laws of this State; "foreign" when so applied, shall mean organized under the laws of another state, government, or country. See
Executor: A male person named in a will to carry out the decedent
Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
Juror: A person who is on the jury.
Legacy: A gift of property made by will.
Lien: A claim against real or personal property in satisfaction of a debt.
Meeting: means any structured communications conducted by participants in person or through the use of electronic or telecommunications medium permitting simultaneous or sequentially structured communications for the purpose of reaching a collective agreement. See
Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
Municipality: shall include a city, town, town school district, incorporated school or fire district or incorporated village, and all other governmental incorporated units. See
Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
Person: means an individual, firm, partnership, corporation, company, association, joint stock association, or body politic, including a trustee, receiver, assignee, or other similar representative. See
Person: includes individual and entity. See
Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
Proceeding: includes civil suit and criminal, administrative, and investigatory action. See
Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
real estate: as used in this chapter shall mean such lands, tenements, rights, and estates as are made liable to execution by section 2781 of this title. See
real estate: shall include lands, tenements, and hereditaments and all rights thereto and interests therein, and pews or slips in places of public worship shall be treated as real estate. See
road: shall include bridges thereon and their approaches. See
Secretary: means the corporate officer to whom the board of directors has delegated responsibility under subsection 8. See
Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
Shareholder: means the person in whose name shares are registered in the records of a corporation or upon presentation for registration are entitled to be registered in the records of a corporation. See
Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
sworn: shall include affirmed. See
Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
United States: includes district, authority, bureau, commission, department, and any other agency of the United States. See
Voting group: means all shares of one or more classes or series that under the articles of incorporation or this title are entitled to vote and be counted together collectively on a matter at a meeting of shareholders. See
Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.