Terms Used In Alabama Code > Title 30 > Chapter 1
- Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
- Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
- claimant: Any of the following persons applying for compensation under this article:
a. See Alabama Code 15-23-3
- Clerk of court: An officer appointed by the court to work with the chief judge in overseeing the court's administration, especially to assist in managing the flow of cases through the court and to maintain court records.
- COLLATERAL SOURCE: Source of income, financial or other benefits or advantages for economic loss other than the compensation paid by the compensation commission which the claimant has received or is entitled to receive or is readily available to the claimant, from any one or more of the following:
a. See Alabama Code 15-23-3
- commission: The Alabama Crime Victims Compensation Commission as created by Section 15-23-4. See Alabama Code 15-23-3
- CONFIDENTIAL COMMUNICATION: Any information exchanged between a victim and a victim counselor in private or in the presence of a third party who is necessary to facilitate communication or further the counseling process and which is disclosed in the course of the counselor's treatment of the victim for any emotional or psychological condition resulting from a sexual assault or family violence. See Alabama Code 15-23-41
- Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
- CRIMINALLY INJURIOUS CONDUCT: Criminally injurious conduct includes any of the following acts:
a. See Alabama Code 15-23-3
- Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
- dependent: A natural person wholly or partially dependent upon the victim for care or support, and includes a child of the victim born after the death of the victim where the death occurred as a result of criminally injurious conduct. See Alabama Code 15-23-3
- ECONOMIC LOSS: Monetary detriment consisting only of allowable expense, work loss, replacement services loss and, if injury causes death, economic loss and replacement services loss of a dependent, but shall not include noneconomic loss or noneconomic detriment. See Alabama Code 15-23-3
- Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
- Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
- FAMILY VIOLENCE: The occurrence of one or more of the following acts between family or household members:
a. See Alabama Code 15-23-41
- Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
- Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
- Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
- Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
- Obligation: An order placed, contract awarded, service received, or similar transaction during a given period that will require payments during the same or a future period.
- REPLACEMENT SERVICES LOSS: Expenses reasonably incurred in obtaining ordinary and necessary services in lieu of those the victim would have performed, not for income, but for the benefit of self or family, if the victim had not been injured or died. See Alabama Code 15-23-3
- Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
- Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
- SEXUAL ASSAULT: Any sexual offense enumerated in Sections 13A-6-60 through 13A-6-70. See Alabama Code 15-23-41
- Testify: Answer questions in court.
- Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
- Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
- Trust account: A general term that covers all types of accounts in a trust department, such as estates, guardianships, and agencies. Source: OCC
- Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
- United States: includes the territories thereof and the District of Columbia. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
- victim: A person who suffered serious personal injury or death as a result of criminally injurious conduct. See Alabama Code 15-23-3
- victim: A person who consults a victim counselor for assistance in overcoming adverse emotional or psychological effects of a sexual assault or family violence. See Alabama Code 15-23-41
- VICTIM COUNSELING: Assessment, diagnosis, and treatment to alleviate the adverse emotional or psychological impact of a sexual assault or family violence on the victim. See Alabama Code 15-23-41
- VICTIM COUNSELING CENTER: A private organization or unit of a government agency which has as one of its primary purposes the treatment of victims for any emotional or psychological condition resulting from a sexual assault or family violence. See Alabama Code 15-23-41
- VICTIM COUNSELOR: Any employee or supervised volunteer of a victim counseling center or other agency, business, or organization that provides counseling to victims who is not affiliated with a law enforcement agency or a prosecutor's office and whose duties include treating victims for any emotional or psychological condition resulting from a sexual assault or family violence. See Alabama Code 15-23-41
- WORK LOSS: Loss of income from work the victim or claimant would have performed if the victim had not been injured or died, reduced by any income from substitute work actually performed by the victim or claimant or by income the victim or claimant would have earned in available appropriate substitute work which he or she was capable of performing but unreasonably failed to undertake. See Alabama Code 15-23-3