Terms Used In New York Laws > Domestic Relations > Article 3 - Solemnization, Proof and Effect of Marriage
- Judgement that a criminal defendant has not been proved guilty beyond a reasonable doubt.
- A verdict of "not guilty."
- Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
- Arraignment: A proceeding in which an individual who is accused of committing a crime is brought into court, told of the charges, and asked to plead guilty or not guilty.
- Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
- Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
- Chambers: A judge's office.
- Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
- Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
- Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
- Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
- Judge advocate: means an officer of a force of the organized militia who is a member of the judge advocate general's corps or who is designated as a judge advocate;
(10) "Legal officer" means an officer of the New York naval militia designated to perform legal duties for a command;
(11) "Code" means article seven of this chapter;
(12) "Accuser" means a person who signs and swears to charges, any person who directs that charges nominally be signed and sworn to by another, and any other person who has an interest other than an official interest in the prosecution of the accused. See N.Y. Military Law 130.1
- minister: when used in this article, shall include those defined in section two of the religious corporations law. See N.Y. Domestic Relations Law 11
- Oath: A promise to tell the truth.
- Organized militia: means the organized militia, the composition of which is stated in section two of this chapter;
(2) "Officer" means a commissioned officer including a commissioned warrant officer;
(3) "Superior officer" means an officer superior in rank or command;
(4) "Enlisted person" means any person who is serving in an enlisted grade in any force of the organized militia;
(5) "Active state duty" means full time military duty in the active service of the state under an order of the governor issued pursuant to sections six or seven of this chapter and while going to and returning from such duty;
(6) "Duty status other than active state duty" means any one of the types of duty described in section forty-six of this chapter and while going to and returning from such duty;
(7) "Military court" means a court-martial, a court of inquiry, a provost court;
(8) "Military judge" means an official of a general court-martial detailed in accordance with section 130. See N.Y. Military Law 130.1
- Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
- Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
- Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
- Testify: Answer questions in court.
- Testimony: Evidence presented orally by witnesses during trials or before grand juries.
- Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.