Article 1 Property Rights; Tort and Contract Rights and Liabilities 30-4-1 – 30-4-17
Article 2 Conveyances by Spouse of Insane Person 30-4-30 – 30-4-37
Article 3 Criminal Desertion and Nonsupport Proceedings 30-4-50 – 30-4-65
Article 4 Reciprocal State Enforcement of Duty to Support 30-4-80 – 30-4-98

Terms Used In Alabama Code > Title 30 > Chapter 4

  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appraisal: A determination of property value.
  • Conviction: A judgement of guilt against a criminal defendant.
  • Extradition: The formal process of delivering an accused or convicted person from authorities in one state to authorities in another state.
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • Fiduciary: A trustee, executor, or administrator.
  • Fraud: Intentional deception resulting in injury to another.
  • Guardian: A person legally empowered and charged with the duty of taking care of and managing the property of another person who because of age, intellect, or health, is incapable of managing his (her) own affairs.
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • non compos mentis: include all persons of unsound mind. See Alabama Code 30-3D-608
  • parents: as used in this article , shall include the natural legal parent or parents, or other persons who shall have legally acquired the custody of such child or children, and the father of such child or children, though born out of lawful wedlock. See Alabama Code 30-4-50
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Probation officers: Screen applicants for pretrial release and monitor convicted offenders released under court supervision.
  • Right of survivorship: The ownership rights that result in the acquisition of title to property by reason of having survived other co-owners.
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.