Article 1 General and Miscellaneous Provisions 45-37-10 – 45-37-11
Article 2 Alcoholic Beverages 45-37-20 – 45-37-22.04
Article 3 Boards and Commissions 45-37-30
Article 4 Business, Labor, and Occupations 45-37-40 – 45-37-42
Article 6 Coroner 45-37-60 – 45-37-61
Article 7 County Commission 45-37-70 – 45-37-73.02
Article 8 Courts 45-37-80 – 45-37-84.45
Article 9 Economic and Industrial Development and Tourism 45-37-90 – 45-37-91.05
Article 10 Education 45-37-100
Article 11 Elections 45-37-110 – 45-37-111
Article 12 Employees 45-37-120 – 45-37-123.198
Article 14 Fire Protection and Emergency Medical Services 45-37-140 – 45-37-140.14
Article 15 Gambling 45-37-150 – 45-37-150.19
Article 16 Government Operations 45-37-160 – 45-37-162.06
Article 17 Health and Environment 45-37-170 – 45-37-171.70
Article 19 Legislature 45-37-190
Article 20 Licenses and Licensing 45-37-200 – 45-37-200.03
Article 21 Motor Vehicles and Transportation 45-37-210
Article 22 Parks, Historic Preservation, Museums, and Recreation 45-37-220
Article 23 Sheriff 45-37-230 – 45-37-235
Article 24 Taxation 45-37-240 – 45-37-249.11
Article 26 Zoning and Planning 45-37-260 – 45-37-260.01

Terms Used In Alabama Code > Title 45 > Chapter 37

  • abortion: The use or prescription of any instrument, medicine, drug, or any other substance or device with the intent to terminate the pregnancy of a woman known to be pregnant with knowledge that the termination by those means will with reasonable likelihood cause the death of the unborn child. See Alabama Code 26-23E-3
  • abortion: as used in this chapter , does not include a procedure or act to terminate the pregnancy of a woman with an ectopic pregnancy, nor does it include the procedure or act to terminate the pregnancy of a woman when the unborn child has a lethal anomaly. See Alabama Code 26-23F-3
  • abortion: The use or prescription of any instrument, medicine, drug, or any other substance or device with the intent to terminate the pregnancy of a woman known to be pregnant with knowledge that the termination by those means will with reasonable likelihood cause the death of the unborn child. See Alabama Code 26-23H-3
  • ABORTION INDUCING DRUG: A medicine, drug, or any other substance prescribed or dispensed with the intent of terminating the clinically diagnosable pregnancy of a woman, with the knowledge that the termination will with reasonable likelihood cause the death of the unborn child. See Alabama Code 26-23E-3
  • ABORTION OR REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH CENTER: A facility defined and regulated as an abortion or reproductive health center by the rules of the Alabama State Board of Health. See Alabama Code 26-23E-3
  • ACCUMULATED CONTRIBUTIONS: The sum of all the amounts deducted from the compensation of a member credited to his or her individual account in the District Attorneys' Plan, together with regular interest thereon. See Alabama Code 12-17-227
  • ACCUMULATED CONTRIBUTIONS: The sum of all the amounts deducted from the compensation of a member credited to his or her individual account in the Judges' and Clerks' Plan, together with regular interest thereon. See Alabama Code 12-18-150
  • act: Alabama Explosives Safety Act of 1993. See Alabama Code 8-17-241
  • action: Any suit, counterclaim, crossclaim or third party claim filed at law or in equity, including any claim therein asserted by one or more parties or against one or more parties in a multi-party action or suit, or an appeal thereof. See Alabama Code 12-19-271
  • ACTIVE DUTY: Full-time duty in the active military service of the United States. See Alabama Code 35-10-70
  • ACTUARIAL EQUIVALENT: A benefit of equal value when computed upon the basis of the mortality tables adopted by the Board of Control and regular interest. See Alabama Code 12-17-227
  • ACTUARIAL EQUIVALENT: A benefit of equal value when computed upon the basis of the mortality tables adopted by the Board of Control and regular interest. See Alabama Code 12-18-150
  • ADJUSTED RBC REPORT: An RBC report which has been adjusted by the commissioner in accordance with subsection (e) of Section 27-2B-3. See Alabama Code 27-2B-2
  • administer: To give or apply a pharmacologic or other therapeutic agent to a patient. See Alabama Code 26-23E-3
  • Advice and consent: Under the Constitution, presidential nominations for executive and judicial posts take effect only when confirmed by the Senate, and international treaties become effective only when the Senate approves them by a two-thirds vote.
  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • affiliate: A person who controls, is controlled by, or is under common control with another person. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Affirmed: In the practice of the appellate courts, the decree or order is declared valid and will stand as rendered in the lower court.
  • agent: The same meaning as in subdivision (2) of Section 8-6-2. See Alabama Code 8-6-171
  • agreement: Any agreement between a wholesaler and a supplier, whether oral or written, whereby a wholesaler is granted the right to purchase and sell a brand or brands of wine sold by a supplier. See Alabama Code 45-37-21.03
  • aircraft: Any contrivance now known or hereafter invented, used or designed for navigation of or flight in the air, except a parachute or other contrivance designed for use primarily as safety equipment. See Alabama Code 4-4-1
  • airport: Any area of land or water designed and set aside for the landing and taking-off of aircraft and utilized or to be utilized in the interest of the public for such purposes. See Alabama Code 4-6-2
  • AIRPORT HAZARD: Any structure or tree or use of land which obstructs the airspace required for the flight of aircraft in landing or taking-off at any airport or is otherwise hazardous to such landing or taking-off of aircraft. See Alabama Code 4-6-2
  • AIRPORT HAZARD AREA: Any area of land or water upon which an airport hazard might be established if not prevented as provided in this chapter. See Alabama Code 4-6-2
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • ANCILLARY BUSINESS: A business owned by a wholesaler, or by a substantial partner of a wholesaler, the primary business of which is directly related to the transporting, storing, or marketing of the brand or brands of wine of a supplier with whom the wholesaler has an agreement; or a business owned by a wholesaler, a substantial stockholder of a wholesaler, or a substantial partner of a wholesaler which recycles empty beverage containers. See Alabama Code 45-37-21.03
  • ANIMAL SHELTER: Any facility operated by or under contract for the state or any county, municipal corporation, or other political subdivision of the state for the purpose of impounding or harboring seized, stray, homeless, abandoned, or unwanted dogs, cats, and other animals; any veterinary hospital or clinic operated by a veterinarian or veterinarians which operates for such purpose in addition to its customary purposes; and any facility operated, owned, or maintained by a duly incorporated humane society, animal welfare organization, or other nonprofit organization for the purpose of providing for and promoting the welfare, protection, and humane treatment of animals. See Alabama Code 3-9-1
  • ANIMAL WELFARE ORGANIZATION: Any unincorporated nonprofit organization or business entity existing for fostering and adopting dogs and cats by the public. See Alabama Code 3-9-1
  • annuity: Payments for life derived from the accumulated contributions of a member. See Alabama Code 12-17-227
  • annuity: Payments for life derived from the accumulated contributions of a member. See Alabama Code 12-18-150
  • ANNUITY STARTING DATE: The first day for which a benefit is payable as an annuity or any other form under Section 45-49A-63. See Alabama Code 45-49A-63
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Appellate: About appeals; an appellate court has the power to review the judgement of another lower court or tribunal.
  • applicant: The person filing an application for registration of a mark under this article and the person's legal representative, successors, or assigns. See Alabama Code 8-12-6
  • Appropriation: The provision of funds, through an annual appropriations act or a permanent law, for federal agencies to make payments out of the Treasury for specified purposes. The formal federal spending process consists of two sequential steps: authorization
  • Arraignment: A proceeding in which an individual who is accused of committing a crime is brought into court, told of the charges, and asked to plead guilty or not guilty.
  • Arrest: Taking physical custody of a person by lawful authority.
  • associate: When used to indicate a relationship with:

    (A) a domestic or foreign entity or organization for which the person is:

    (i) an officer or governing person; or

    (ii) a beneficial owner of 10 percent or more of a class of voting ownership interests or similar securities of the entity or organization;

    (B) a trust or estate in which the person has a substantial beneficial interest or for which the person serves as trustee or in a similar fiduciary capacity;

    (C) the person's spouse or a relative of the person related by consanguinity or affinity within the fifth degree who resides with the person; or

    (D) a governing person or an affiliate or officer of the person. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03

  • association: Includes, but is not limited to, an unincorporated nonprofit association as defined in Chapter 17 and an unincorporated professional association as defined in Article 1 of Chapter 30. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Attachment: A procedure by which a person's property is seized to pay judgments levied by the court.
  • Attorney-at-law: A person who is legally qualified and licensed to practice law, and to represent and act for clients in legal proceedings.
  • Attorney-in-fact: A person who, acting as an agent, is given written authorization by another person to transact business for him (her) out of court.
  • Authorized stock: means the stock of all classes and series a corporation or foreign corporation is authorized to issue. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-1.40
  • AVERAGE DAILY MEMBERSHIP: The meaning ascribed in Section 16-13-232. See Alabama Code 45-37-249.02
  • AVERAGE FINAL COMPENSATION: The average annual compensation of a district attorney with respect to which he or she had made contributions pursuant to Section 12-17-227. See Alabama Code 12-17-227
  • AVERAGE FINAL COMPENSATION: The average annual compensation of a judge or clerk with respect to which he or she had made contributions pursuant to Section 12-18-152 during the five years in his or her last 10 years of membership service for which the average is highest or during his or her entire period of membership service if less than five years. See Alabama Code 12-18-150
  • Bail: Security given for the release of a criminal defendant or witness from legal custody (usually in the form of money) to secure his/her appearance on the day and time appointed.
  • Bailiff: a court officer who enforces the rules of behavior in courtrooms.
  • Bankruptcy: Refers to statutes and judicial proceedings involving persons or businesses that cannot pay their debts and seek the assistance of the court in getting a fresh start. Under the protection of the bankruptcy court, debtors may discharge their debts, perhaps by paying a portion of each debt. Bankruptcy judges preside over these proceedings.
  • Beneficial stockholder: means a person who owns the beneficial interest in stock, which may be a record stockholder or a person on whose behalf shares of stock are registered in the name of an intermediary or nominee. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-1.40
  • beneficiary: Any person in receipt of a pension, an annuity, a retirement allowance or other benefit as provided by this division. See Alabama Code 12-17-227
  • beneficiary: Any person in receipt of a pension, an annuity, a retirement allowance or other benefit as provided by this article. See Alabama Code 12-18-150
  • beneficiary: The person or persons named by a member by written designation filed with the board to receive payments under this plan after the member's death. See Alabama Code 45-49A-63
  • bingo: That specific kind of game commonly known as bingo in which prizes are awarded on the basis of designated numbers or symbols on a card or electronic marking machine conforming to numbers or symbols selected at random. See Alabama Code 45-37-150.01
  • blast: The firing or detonating of explosives. See Alabama Code 8-17-241
  • blaster: A person qualified by reason of training, knowledge, and experience to design, supervise, or detonate explosives in blasting operations, who has obtained a valid blaster certification card issued by the office. See Alabama Code 8-17-241
  • BLASTING CONTRACTOR: A person employed, hired, or contracted by a client or other person to plan, organize, supervise, and conduct blasting operations. See Alabama Code 8-17-241
  • BLASTING OPERATION: The use of explosives in the blasting of stone, rock, or any other natural formation, or in any construction, quarry work, or demolition of man-made structures. See Alabama Code 8-17-241
  • BLASTING PRIVILEGES: Blasting certification, blasting contractor licensing, and blasting permits. See Alabama Code 8-17-241
  • board: The Board of Directors of the Alabama Local Government Training Institute. See Alabama Code 11-3-42
  • board: The Police and Fire Pension Board as constituted under Section 45-49A-63. See Alabama Code 45-49A-63
  • board: The board of directors of the authority. See Alabama Code 45-37-91.01
  • BOARD OF CONTROL: The board provided for in Section 36-27-23 to administer the retirement system. See Alabama Code 12-17-227
  • BOARD OF CONTROL: The board provided for in Section 36-27-23 to administer the retirement system. See Alabama Code 12-18-150
  • BOARD OF DIRECTORS: The group of persons vested with the management of the affairs of the corporation irrespective of the name by which the group is designated. See Alabama Code 10A-3-1.02
  • BODILY REMAINS: The physical remains, corpse, or body parts of a dead unborn infant who has been expelled or extracted from his or her mother. See Alabama Code 26-23F-3
  • BREAK IN SERVICE: A period of absence which would constitute a break in the member's service under the Mobile County Personnel Board rules; provided, however, that periods of leave and periods of service in the uniformed services of the United States determined in accordance with Section 45-49A-63. See Alabama Code 45-49A-63
  • BROKER-DEALER: The same meaning as in subdivision (3) of Section 8-6-2. See Alabama Code 8-6-171
  • bureau: The public corporation for which this part provides. See Alabama Code 45-37-91.01
  • BUSINESS CORPORATION: A corporation or foreign corporation as defined in Chapter 2 or Chapter 2A, as applicable. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • BUSINESS TRUST: A business trust as defined in Chapter 16. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • bylaws: The code or codes of rules adopted for the regulation or management of the affairs of the corporation irrespective of the name or names by which the rules are designated. See Alabama Code 10A-3-1.02
  • CANINE CORPS DOGS: Those members of the canine family maintained by governmental agencies for exclusive use in official duties assigned to those agencies. See Alabama Code 3-7A-1
  • cat: All members of the domesticated feline (Felis catus) family. See Alabama Code 3-7A-1
  • CERTIFICATE OF DISSOLUTION: Any document such as a certificate of dissolution, statement of dissolution, or articles of dissolution, required or permitted to be filed publicly with respect to an entity's dissolution and winding up of its business, activity, activities, not for profit activity, or affairs. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • certificate of incorporation: as used in this chapter is synonymous to the term "certificate of formation" used in Chapter 1. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-1.40
  • CERTIFICATE OF OWNERSHIP: An instrument evidencing an ownership interest or membership interest in an entity. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • CERTIFICATED OWNERSHIP INTEREST: An ownership interest of a domestic entity represented by a certificate. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • certification: Duly authenticated by the proper officer or filing officer of the jurisdiction the laws of which govern the internal affairs of an entity. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • CHAMBER OF COMMERCE: That organization the headquarters of which is in the largest city to the membership in which any reputable person engaged in mercantile, manufacturing, banking, jobbing, or similar business is eligible, and which most nearly of all organizations in such city, regardless of name, performs the functions of such organizations as are commonly known as chambers of commerce. See Alabama Code 45-37-91.01
  • Chambers: A judge's office.
  • CHIEF OF POLICE: The chief of police of any municipality electing to establish a bingo ordinance parallel, or similar, to this article to apply in the municipality. See Alabama Code 45-37-150.01
  • circuit: means judicial circuit. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • city: The City of Mobile, Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-49A-63
  • CITY MOTEL-HOTEL ASSOCIATION: That association in the largest city the membership of which is composed of persons engaged in the hotel, motel, tourist court, or similar business in such city or in the county and which has the largest membership of any such organization in the city. See Alabama Code 45-37-91.01
  • CIVIL AIRCRAFT: Any aircraft, other than a military aircraft of the United States or of a state, territory or possession of the United States. See Alabama Code 4-4-1
  • Civil forfeiture: The loss of ownership of property used to conduct illegal activity.
  • Clerk of court: An officer appointed by the court to work with the chief judge in overseeing the court's administration, especially to assist in managing the flow of cases through the court and to maintain court records.
  • code: The Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended from time to time. See Alabama Code 45-49A-63
  • COMMERCIAL RECREATIONAL USE: Any use of land for the purpose of receiving consideration for opening such land to recreational use where such use or activity is profit-motivated. See Alabama Code 35-15-21
  • commission: The citizens supervisory commission. See Alabama Code 45-37-121
  • commission: The Alabama Securities Commission. See Alabama Code 8-6-171
  • commissioner: The Commissioner of Agriculture and Industries. See Alabama Code 2-1-1
  • committee: The Jefferson County Community Service Committee authorized in Section 45-37-249. See Alabama Code 45-37-249.02
  • Common law: The legal system that originated in England and is now in use in the United States. It is based on judicial decisions rather than legislative action.
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Contingent beneficiary: Receiver of property or benefits if the first named beneficiary fails to receive any or all of the property or benefits in question before his (her) death.
  • Continuance: Putting off of a hearing ot trial until a later time.
  • contribution: A tangible or intangible benefit that a person transfers to an entity in consideration for an ownership interest in the entity or otherwise in the person's capacity as an owner or a member. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • CONVERTED ENTITY: An entity resulting from a conversion. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Converted organization: means the organization into which a converting organization converts pursuant to this article. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-9.01
  • Converting corporation: means a converting organization that is a corporation. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-9.01
  • CONVERTING ENTITY: An entity as the entity existed before the entity's conversion. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Converting organization: means an organization that converts into another organization pursuant to this article. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-9.01
  • cooperative: Includes an employee cooperative as defined in Chapter 11. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • corporation: Includes a domestic or foreign business corporation as defined in Chapter 2 or Chapter 2A, as applicable, a domestic or foreign nonprofit corporation as defined in Chapter 3, a domestic or foreign professional corporation as defined in Chapter 4, and those entities specified in Chapter 20 as corporate. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • CORRECTIVE ORDER: An order issued by the commissioner specifying corrective actions which the commissioner has determined are required. See Alabama Code 27-2B-2
  • Counterclaim: A claim that a defendant makes against a plaintiff.
  • county: Any county to which this part applies. See Alabama Code 45-37-91.01
  • county: A county within the population class prescribed by this part. See Alabama Code 45-37-121
  • county: Jefferson County, Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-37-249.02
  • county: Jefferson County, Alabama. See Alabama Code 45-37-140.01
  • COUNTY COMMISSION: The Jefferson County Commission. See Alabama Code 45-37-249.02
  • COUNTY COMMISSION: The governing body as created in Section 11-3-1 and each county governing body created by local act. See Alabama Code 11-3-42
  • court: Every court and judge having jurisdiction in a case. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Court reporter: A person who makes a word-for-word record of what is said in court and produces a transcript of the proceedings upon request.
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • day: When used in the computation of time excludes the first day and includes the last day of the period so computed, unless the last day is a Saturday, Sunday, or legal holiday, in which event the period runs until the end of the next day that is not a Saturday, a Sunday, or a legal holiday. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • dealer: Every person engaged in the business of buying, selling, or exchanging vehicles who has an established place of business for such purpose in this state and to whom current dealer registration plates have been issued by the Department of Revenue. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • DEBTOR IN BANKRUPTCY: A person who is the subject of:

    (A) an order for relief under the United States bankruptcy laws, Title 11, United States Code, or comparable order under a successor statute of general application; or

    (B) a comparable order under federal, state, or foreign law governing insolvency. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03

  • Decedent: A deceased person.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • defense: Any affirmative defense under Rule 8(c), Alabama Rules of Civil Procedure, filed in any action at law or in equity. See Alabama Code 12-19-271
  • delivery: means any method of delivery used in conventional commercial practice, including delivery by hand, mail, commercial delivery, and, if authorized in accordance with Section 10A-2A-1. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-1.40
  • department: The Alabama Department of Public Health. See Alabama Code 27-3A-3
  • department: The Alabama State Law Enforcement Agency acting directly or through its duly authorized officers and agents. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • department: The Department of Human Resources. See Alabama Code 8-6-171
  • Dependent: A person dependent for support upon another.
  • Deposition: An oral statement made before an officer authorized by law to administer oaths. Such statements are often taken to examine potential witnesses, to obtain discovery, or to be used later in trial.
  • DESIGNATED MEMBER: The spouse, child, grandchild, parent, brother, or sister of a deceased individual who owned an interest, including a controlling interest, in a wholesaler; or any person who inherits the ownership interest of the deceased individual in the wholesaler under the terms of the will of the deceased individual, or under the laws of intestate succession of this state; or any person who or entity which has otherwise by designation in writing by the deceased individual, succeeded the deceased individual in the business of the wholesaler, or has succeeded to the ownership interest of the deceased individual in the wholesaler pursuant to a written contract or instrument; and also includes the appointed and qualified personal representative and the testamentary trustee of a deceased individual owning an ownership interest in a wholesaler. See Alabama Code 45-37-21.03
  • dilution: Dilution by blurring or dilution by tarnishment, regardless of the presence or absence of:

    a. See Alabama Code 8-12-6

  • DILUTION BY BLURRING: The association arising from the similarity between a mark and a famous mark that impairs the distinctiveness of the famous mark. See Alabama Code 8-12-6
  • DILUTION BY TARNISHMENT: The association arising from the similarity between a mark and a famous mark that harms the reputation of the famous mark. See Alabama Code 8-12-6
  • director: An individual who serves on the board of directors, by whatever name known, of a foreign or domestic corporation. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • director: The Secretary of the Alabama State Law Enforcement Agency. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • Discovery: Lawyers' examination, before trial, of facts and documents in possession of the opponents to help the lawyers prepare for trial.
  • Dismissal: The dropping of a case by the judge without further consideration or hearing. Source:
  • dispense: To sell, distribute, administer, leave with, give away, dispose of, deliver, or supply a drug or medicine to the ultimate user or the user's agent. See Alabama Code 26-23E-3
  • distribution: A transfer of property, including cash, from an entity to an owner or member of the entity in the owner's or member's capacity as an owner or member. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Distribution: means a direct or indirect transfer of cash or other property (except a corporation's own stock) or incurrence of indebtedness by a corporation to or for the benefit of its stockholders in respect of any of its stock. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-1.40
  • distributor: Any person engaged in the business of making sales of fireworks for resale to all holders of the required Alabama permits who in turn shall resell to any permit holder; or any person who receives, brings, or imports any fireworks of any kind into the State of Alabama, except to a holder of an Alabama manufacturer's or distributor's permit. See Alabama Code 8-17-210
  • DISTRICT ATTORNEY: Except as otherwise provided in Section 12-17-227. See Alabama Code 12-17-227
  • DISTRICT FOR FIGHTING FIRES: A district created under this article for establishing and maintaining a system for fighting or preventing fires and providing medical rescue services and systems. See Alabama Code 45-37-140.01
  • DISTRICT FOR FIRE FIGHTING AND GARBAGE DISPOSAL: A district created under this article for establishing and maintaining a system for fighting and preventing fires and providing medical rescue services and systems and a system for collection and disposal of garbage. See Alabama Code 45-37-140.01
  • DISTRICT FOR GARBAGE DISPOSAL: A district created under this article for establishing and maintaining a system for the collection and disposal of garbage. See Alabama Code 45-37-140.01
  • DISTRICT FOR PARKS AND RECREATIONAL FACILITIES: A district created under this article for establishing parks and recreational facilities. See Alabama Code 45-37-140.01
  • Docket: A log containing brief entries of court proceedings.
  • Document: means a writing as defined in Chapter 1. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-1.40
  • dog: All members of the domesticated canine (Canis familiaris) family. See Alabama Code 3-7A-1
  • domestic: With respect to an entity, that the entity is formed and exists pursuant to this title. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • DOMESTIC ENTITY: An organization formed and existing pursuant to this title. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • DOMESTIC INSURER: Any insurer domiciled in this state. See Alabama Code 27-2B-2
  • Dower: A widow
  • driver: Every person who drives or is in actual physical control of a vehicle. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • ECTOPIC PREGNANCY: Any pregnancy resulting from a fertilized egg that has implanted or attached outside the uterus. See Alabama Code 26-23F-3
  • ECTOPIC PREGNANCY: Any pregnancy resulting from either a fertilized egg that has implanted or attached outside the uterus or a fertilized egg implanted inside the cornu of the uterus. See Alabama Code 26-23H-3
  • EDUCATION ORGANIZATION: An organization within this state, not for pecuniary profit, whose primary purpose is education in nature and designed to develop the capabilities of individuals by instruction in any public or private elementary or secondary school, or any private college, not for pecuniary profit, and approved by the State Department of Education. See Alabama Code 45-37-150.01
  • EFFECTIVE DATE OF THIS TITLE: January 1, 2011. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • electronic: Relating to technology having electrical, digital, magnetic, wireless, optical, electromagnetic, or similar capabilities. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Electronic funds transfer: The transfer of money between accounts by consumer electronic systems-such as automated teller machines (ATMs) and electronic payment of bills-rather than by check or cash. (Wire transfers, checks, drafts, and paper instruments do not fall into this category.) Source: OCC
  • ELECTRONIC SIGNATURE: An electronic signature as that term is defined in the Alabama Electronic Transactions Act, Chapter 1A of Title 8, or any successor statute. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • ELECTRONIC WRITING: Information that is stored in an electronic or other nontangible medium and is retrievable in paper form through an automated process used in conventional commercial practice. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Eligible entity: means an unincorporated entity, foreign unincorporated entity, nonprofit corporation, or foreign nonprofit corporation. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-1.40
  • Eligible interests: means interests or memberships. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-1.40
  • employer: The State of Alabama or any department, agency, or local governing body by which a district attorney is paid. See Alabama Code 12-17-227
  • employer: The State of Alabama or any department, agency, or local governing body by which a judge or clerk is paid. See Alabama Code 12-18-150
  • enrollee: An individual who has contracted for or who participates in coverage under an insurance policy, a health maintenance organization contract, a health service corporation contract, an employee welfare benefit plan, a hospital or medical services plan, or any other benefit program providing payment, reimbursement, or indemnification for health care costs for the individual or the eligible dependents of the individual. See Alabama Code 27-3A-3
  • Entitlement: A Federal program or provision of law that requires payments to any person or unit of government that meets the eligibility criteria established by law. Entitlements constitute a binding obligation on the part of the Federal Government, and eligible recipients have legal recourse if the obligation is not fulfilled. Social Security and veterans' compensation and pensions are examples of entitlement programs.
  • entity: A domestic entity or foreign entity. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Entity: includes corporation; foreign corporation; nonprofit corporation; foreign nonprofit corporation; estate; trust; unincorporated entity; foreign unincorporated entity; and state, United States, and foreign government. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-1.40
  • equipment: The receptacle and numbered objects drawn from it, the master board upon which such objects are placed as drawn, the cards or sheets bearing numbers or other designations to be covered, and the objects used to cover them or electronic card marking machines, and the board or signs, however operated, used to announce or display the numbers or designations as they are drawn. See Alabama Code 45-37-150.01
  • Equitable: Pertaining to civil suits in "equity" rather than in "law." In English legal history, the courts of "law" could order the payment of damages and could afford no other remedy. See damages. A separate court of "equity" could order someone to do something or to cease to do something. See, e.g., injunction. In American jurisprudence, the federal courts have both legal and equitable power, but the distinction is still an important one. For example, a trial by jury is normally available in "law" cases but not in "equity" cases. Source: U.S. Courts
  • EQUIVALENT ACTUARIAL VALUE: The equivalent value when computed on the basis of the 1995 Buck Mortality Table (Male) for Members, the 1995 Buck Mortality Table (Female) for Beneficiaries, and an interest rate of seven percent per year, compounded annually. See Alabama Code 45-49A-63
  • Escrow: Money given to a third party to be held for payment until certain conditions are met.
  • Ex officio: Literally, by virtue of one's office.
  • EXISTING SCHOOL WARRANTS: Collectively, the following limited obligation warrants issued by the county for the benefit of public schools in the county: a. See Alabama Code 45-37-249.02
  • Expenses: means reasonable expenses of any kind that are incurred in connection with a matter. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-1.40
  • explosives: Any chemical compound or other substance or mechanical system intended for the purpose of producing an explosion, or that contains oxidizing and combustible units, or other ingredients, in such proportions or quantities that ignition by detonation may produce an explosion, capable of causing injury to persons or damage to property. See Alabama Code 8-17-241
  • Fair market value: The price at which an asset would change hands in a transaction between a willing, informed buyer and a willing, informed seller.
  • father: The biological father of the human fetus. See Alabama Code 26-23-2
  • Federal Reserve System: The central bank of the United States. The Fed, as it is commonly called, regulates the U.S. monetary and financial system. The Federal Reserve System is composed of a central governmental agency in Washington, D.C. (the Board of Governors) and twelve regional Federal Reserve Banks in major cities throughout the United States. Source: OCC
  • Fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it.
  • ferret: All members of the ferret (Mustela putorius furo) family. See Alabama Code 3-7A-1
  • FILING ENTITY: A domestic entity that is a corporation, limited partnership, limited liability limited partnership, limited liability company, professional association, employee cooperative corporation, or real estate investment trust. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Filing entity: means an unincorporated entity, other than a limited liability partnership, that is of a type that is created by filing a public organic record or is required to file a public organic record that evidences its creation. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-1.40
  • FILING INSTRUMENT: An instrument, document, or statement that is required or permitted by this title to be delivered for filing by or for an entity to a filing officer. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • FILING OFFICER: The officer with whom a filing instrument is required or permitted to be delivered for filing pursuant to this title. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • FINAL AVERAGE SALARY: For a member who first became a uniformed officer prior to March 28, 1990, the average of the member's salary for his or her final 36 months of service and, for a member who first became a uniformed officer on or after March 28, 1990, the average of the member's salary for his or her final 60 months of service. See Alabama Code 45-49A-63
  • FINAL DISPOSITION: The burial, interment, cremation, or other legal disposition of the bodily remains of a deceased unborn infant. See Alabama Code 26-23F-3
  • FINANCIAL EXPLOITATION: Any of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 8-6-171

  • Firefighter: means a current member or members of, or a retired member or members from, a paid, part-paid or volunteer fire department of a city, town, county, or other subdivision of the state or civilian federal firefighters or of a public corporation organized for the purpose of providing water, water systems, fire protection services, or fire protection facilities in the state; and such words shall include the chief, assistant chief, wardens, engineers, captains, firemen, and all other officers and employees of such departments who actually engage in fire fighting or in rendering first aid in case of drownings or asphyxiation at the scene of action. See Alabama Code 32-6-270
  • FIREWORKS SEASONS: The dates of June 20 through July 10 and December 15 through January 2 of each year shall be the only periods when seasonal retailers may sell fireworks. See Alabama Code 8-17-210
  • Fiscal year: The fiscal year is the accounting period for the government. For the federal government, this begins on October 1 and ends on September 30. The fiscal year is designated by the calendar year in which it ends; for example, fiscal year 2006 begins on October 1, 2005 and ends on September 30, 2006.
  • Foreclosure: A legal process in which property that is collateral or security for a loan may be sold to help repay the loan when the loan is in default. Source: OCC
  • foreign: With respect to an entity, that the entity is formed and existing under the laws of a jurisdiction other than this state. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • foreign corporation: as used in this division , shall mean:

    (1) Any bank or other corporation now or hereafter organized or existing under the laws of any state of the United States other than this state; and

    (2) Any national banking association or other corporation organized under the laws of the United States having its principal place of business in any state of the United States other than this state. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-15.10

  • foreign corporation: means an entity incorporated or existing under this chapter. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-1.40
  • FOREIGN ENTITY: An organization formed and existing under the laws of a jurisdiction other than this state. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • FOREIGN FILING ENTITY: A foreign entity that registers or is required to register as a foreign entity under Article 7. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • FOREIGN GOVERNMENTAL AUTHORITY: A governmental official, agency, or instrumentality of a jurisdiction other than this state. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • FOREIGN INSURER: Any insurer which is licensed to do business in this state but not domiciled in this state. See Alabama Code 27-2B-2
  • FOREIGN LIMITED LIABILITY LIMITED PARTNERSHIP: A foreign limited liability limited partnership as defined in Chapter 9A. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • FOREIGN LIMITED LIABILITY PARTNERSHIP: A foreign limited liability partnership as defined in Chapter 8A. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • FOREIGN LIMITED PARTNERSHIP: A foreign limited partnership as defined in Chapter 9A. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • FOREIGN NONFILING ENTITY: A foreign entity that is not a foreign filing entity. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Foreign nonprofit corporation: means a corporation incorporated under a law other than the law of this state which would be a nonprofit corporation if incorporated under the law of this state. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-1.40
  • FRATERNAL BENEFIT SOCIETY: Any insurer licensed under Chapter 34. See Alabama Code 27-2B-2
  • FRATERNAL ORGANIZATION: An organization within this state not for pecuniary profit, which is a branch, lodge, or chapter of a national or state organization and exists for the common business or other interests of its members. See Alabama Code 45-37-150.01
  • fund: The Judicial Retirement Fund provided for in Chapter 18 of this title. See Alabama Code 12-17-227
  • fund: The Judicial Retirement Fund provided for in this chapter. See Alabama Code 12-18-150
  • fund: The assets of the plan held in trust by the board pursuant to Section 45-49A-63. See Alabama Code 45-49A-63
  • FUNDAMENTAL BUSINESS TRANSACTION: A merger, interest exchange, conversion, or sale of all or substantially all of an entity's assets. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Garnishment: Generally, garnishment is a court proceeding in which a creditor asks a court to order a third party who owes money to the debtor or otherwise holds assets belonging to the debtor to turn over to the creditor any of the debtor
  • GENERAL PARTNERSHIP: A partnership as defined in Chapter 8A. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Gift: A voluntary transfer or conveyance of property without consideration, or for less than full and adequate consideration based on fair market value.
  • GOOD FAITH: Honesty in fact and the observance of reasonable commercial standards of fair dealing in the trade, as defined in and interpreted under the Uniform Commercial Code, Section 7-2-103. See Alabama Code 45-37-21.03
  • GOVERNING AUTHORITY: A person or group of persons who are entitled to manage and direct the affairs of an entity pursuant to this title and the governing documents of the entity, except that if the governing documents of the entity or this title divide the authority to manage and direct the affairs of the entity among different persons or groups of persons according to different matters, governing authority means the person or group of persons entitled to manage and direct the affairs of the entity with respect to a matter under the governing documents of the entity or this title. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • GOVERNING PERSON: A person serving as part of the governing authority of an entity. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Governing statute: means the statute governing the internal affairs of a corporation, foreign corporation, nonprofit corporation, foreign nonprofit corporation, unincorporated entity, or foreign unincorporated entity. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-1.40
  • Grace period: The number of days you'll have to pay your bill for purchases in full without triggering a finance charge. Source: Federal Reserve
  • Grantor: The person who establishes a trust and places property into it.
  • Guarantor: A party who agrees to be responsible for the payment of another party's debts should that party default. Source: OCC
  • HAS BEEN EXPOSED: Suspected or confirmed contact of saliva with a break or abrasion of the skin or with any mucous membrane, as determined by the health officer or medical or law enforcement personnel. See Alabama Code 3-7A-1
  • HEALTH OFFICER: The State Health Officer or any county health officer as defined in Section 22-3-2, or his or her designee. See Alabama Code 3-7A-1
  • HEALTH ORGANIZATION: Any health care service plan, health maintenance organization, limited health service organization, dental services corporation, or other managed care organization licensed under this title. See Alabama Code 27-2B-2
  • HOUSE TRAILER: Either of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1

  • IMMUNIZATION AGAINST RABIES: The injection, in a manner approved by the State Health Officer and the State Veterinarian, of rabies vaccine approved by the State Health Officer and the State Veterinarian. See Alabama Code 3-7A-1
  • Impeachment: (1) The process of calling something into question, as in "impeaching the testimony of a witness." (2) The constitutional process whereby the House of Representatives may "impeach" (accuse of misconduct) high officers of the federal government for trial in the Senate.
  • IMPOUNDING OFFICER: An agent of a county or municipality vested with impounding authority for animals covered under this chapter. See Alabama Code 3-7A-1
  • Indemnification: In general, a collateral contract or assurance under which one person agrees to secure another person against either anticipated financial losses or potential adverse legal consequences. Source: FDIC
  • individual: A natural person and the estate of an incompetent or deceased natural person. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • insolvency: The inability of a person to pay the person's debts as they become due in the usual course of business or affairs. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • insolvent: A person who is unable to pay the person's debts as they become due in the usual course of business or affairs. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • institute: The Alabama Local Government Training Institute. See Alabama Code 11-3-42
  • insurer: As defined in Section 27-1-2, including, without limitation, any fraternal benefit society and any health organization. See Alabama Code 27-2B-2
  • Inter vivos: Transfer of property from one living person to another living person.
  • Interest: means either or both of the following rights under the governing statute governing an unincorporated entity:

    (i) the right to receive distributions from the entity either in the ordinary course or upon liquidation; or

    (ii) the right to receive notice or vote on issues involving its internal affairs, other than as an agent, assignee, proxy, or person responsible for managing its business and affairs. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-1.40

  • Interest holder: means a person who holds of record an interest. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-1.40
  • Interest rate: The amount paid by a borrower to a lender in exchange for the use of the lender's money for a certain period of time. Interest is paid on loans or on debt instruments, such as notes or bonds, either at regular intervals or as part of a lump sum payment when the issue matures. Source: OCC
  • Intestate: Dying without leaving a will.
  • INVESTMENT ADVISER: The same meaning as in subdivision (18) of Section 8-6-2. See Alabama Code 8-6-171
  • INVESTMENT ADVISER REPRESENTATIVE: The same meaning as in subdivision (19) of Section 8-6-2. See Alabama Code 8-6-171
  • ISSUING AUTHORITY: A municipality or other governmental entity authorized to issue permits and conduct the duties provided by this article. See Alabama Code 8-17-241
  • JEFFERSON COUNTY LEGISLATIVE DELEGATION: The elected members of the House of Representatives and the Senate from districts wholly or partially within the county. See Alabama Code 45-37-249.02
  • Joint resolution: A legislative measure which requires the approval of both chambers.
  • JUDGE OF PROBATE: The judge of probate of the county in which a domestic entity is required or permitted to deliver a filing instrument for filing pursuant to this title. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • JUDGE OR CLERK: Any justice of the Supreme Court, judge of the Court of Civil Appeals, judge of the Court of Criminal Appeals, circuit judge, district judge, probate judge, or circuit clerk who is not a member of the Judicial Retirement Fund or Clerks' and Registers' Supernumerary Fund on November 7, 2016 and who is first elected or appointed to his or her position on or after November 8, 2016. See Alabama Code 12-18-150
  • Juror: A person who is on the jury.
  • LARGEST CITY: That city of the county having the largest population according to the last or any subsequent federal census. See Alabama Code 45-37-91.01
  • law: Unless the context requires otherwise, both statutory and common law. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Lawsuit: A legal action started by a plaintiff against a defendant based on a complaint that the defendant failed to perform a legal duty, resulting in harm to the plaintiff.
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Legacy: A gift of property made by will.
  • Legislative session: That part of a chamber's daily session in which it considers legislative business (bills, resolutions, and actions related thereto).
  • LETHAL ANOMALY: A child would die at birth or be still born. See Alabama Code 26-23F-3
  • LETHAL ANOMALY: A condition from which an unborn child would die after birth or shortly thereafter or be stillborn. See Alabama Code 26-23H-3
  • Liabilities: The aggregate of all debts and other legal obligations of a particular person or legal entity.
  • license: An authorization issued pursuant to Section 8-17-247 that identifies persons eligible to do business as a blasting contractor or a quarry operator where explosives will be involved in blasting operations. See Alabama Code 8-17-241
  • license: A license, certificate of registration, or other legal authorization. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • LICENSING AUTHORITY: The state court, state regulatory licensing board, or other like agency which has the power to issue a license or other legal authorization to render professional services. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • LIFE OR HEALTH INSURER: Any insurer licensed to do business in this state and authorized to transact life and/or disability insurance, including a property and casualty insurer writing only disability insurance, but shall not include fraternal benefit societies, health care service corporations, dental service organizations, health maintenance organizations, dental plan organizations, or mutual aid associations. See Alabama Code 27-2B-2
  • LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANY: A limited liability company as defined in Chapter 5A. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • LIMITED LIABILITY LIMITED PARTNERSHIP: A limited liability limited partnership as defined in Chapter 9A. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • LIMITED LIABILITY PARTNERSHIP: A limited liability partnership as defined in Chapter 8A. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • LIMITED PARTNER: A person who has been admitted to a limited partnership as a limited partner as provided by:

    (A) in the case of a domestic limited partnership, Chapter 9A; or

    (B) in the case of a foreign limited partnership, the laws of its jurisdiction of formation. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03

  • LIMITED PARTNERSHIP: A limited partnership as defined in Chapter 9A. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Lineal descendant: Direct descendant of the same ancestors.
  • Litigation: A case, controversy, or lawsuit. Participants (plaintiffs and defendants) in lawsuits are called litigants.
  • location: A single building, hall, enclosure, or outdoor area used for the purpose of playing bingo pursuant to a permit issued under this article. See Alabama Code 45-37-150.01
  • MANAGERIAL OFFICIAL: An officer or a governing person. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • manufacturer: Any person engaged in the making, manufacture, or construction of fireworks of any kind within the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 8-17-210
  • mark: Any trade name, trademark, or service mark entitled to registration under this article whether registered or not. See Alabama Code 8-12-6
  • MEDICAL BOARD: The board of physicians provided for in Section 36-27-23. See Alabama Code 12-17-227
  • MEDICAL BOARD: The board of physicians provided for in Section 36-27-23. See Alabama Code 12-18-150
  • MEDICAL EMERGENCY: A condition which, in reasonable medical judgment, so complicates the medical condition of the pregnant woman that her pregnancy must be terminated to avoid a serious health risk as defined in this chapter. See Alabama Code 26-23H-3
  • member: Any district attorney included in membership of the plan. See Alabama Code 12-17-227
  • member: One having membership rights in a corporation in accordance with the provisions of its governing documents. See Alabama Code 10A-3-1.02
  • member: Any judge or clerk included in membership of the plan. See Alabama Code 12-18-150
  • member: An individual who qualified for membership in a qualified organization pursuant to its bylaws, articles of incorporation, charter, or other legal entity. See Alabama Code 45-37-150.01
  • member: Any person included in the membership of the plan, as provided in Subpart 2. See Alabama Code 45-49A-63
  • MEMBERSHIP SERVICE: Service as a district attorney on account of which contributions are made. See Alabama Code 12-17-227
  • MEMBERSHIP SERVICE: Service as a judge or clerk on account of which contributions are made. See Alabama Code 12-18-150
  • merger: The combination of one or more domestic entities with one or more domestic entities or non-code organizations resulting in:

    (A) one or more surviving domestic entities or non-code organizations;

    (B) the creation of one or more new domestic entities or non-code organizations, or one or more surviving domestic entities or non-code organizations; or

    (C) one or more surviving domestic entities or non-code organizations and the creation of one or more new domestic entities or non-code organizations. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03

  • Merger: means a transaction pursuant to Section 10A-2A-11. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-1.40
  • MILITARY SERVICE: Any of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 35-10-70

  • Mortgage loan: A loan made by a lender to a borrower for the financing of real property. Source: OCC
  • Mortgagee: The person to whom property is mortgaged and who has loaned the money.
  • Mortgagor: The person who pledges property to a creditor as collateral for a loan and who receives the money.
  • mother: The female who is pregnant with a live human fetus which may be subject to a partial-birth abortion under this chapter. See Alabama Code 26-23-2
  • MOTOR VEHICLE: Every vehicle which is self-propelled and every vehicle which is propelled by electric power obtained from overhead trolley wires, but not operated upon rails, except for electric personal assistive mobility devices. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • motorcycle: Every motor vehicle having a seat or saddle for the use of the rider and designed to travel on not more than three wheels in contact with the ground, but excluding a tractor. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • MUNICIPAL AIRPORT: An airport under the direct control and management of a municipality; provided, that for the purpose of this and the following definition, the letting by a municipality to others of any privilege or concession upon an airport shall not be construed as depriving the municipality of any control or management over any part of such airport or the operations thereon. See Alabama Code 4-4-1
  • municipality: Any county, city, town or incorporated village of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 4-4-1
  • naic: The National Association of Insurance Commissioners. See Alabama Code 27-2B-2
  • National Bank: A bank that is subject to the supervision of the Comptroller of the Currency. The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency is a bureau of the U.S. Treasury Department. A national bank can be recognized because it must have "national" or "national association" in its name. Source: OCC
  • NEGATIVE TREND: With respect to a life or health insurer or a fraternal benefit society, a negative trend over a period of time, as determined in accordance with the trend test calculation included in the RBC instructions. See Alabama Code 27-2B-2
  • NON-CODE ORGANIZATION: An organization other than a domestic entity. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • NONFILING ENTITY: A domestic entity that is not a filing entity. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • NONPROFIT ASSOCIATION: An unincorporated nonprofit association as defined in Chapter 17. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • NONPROFIT CORPORATION: A domestic or foreign nonprofit corporation as defined in Chapter 3. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • NONPROFIT CORPORATION: A nonprofit corporation no part of the income or profit of which is distributable to its members, directors, or officers. See Alabama Code 10A-3-1.02
  • NONPROFIT ENTITY: An entity that is a nonprofit corporation, nonprofit association, or other entity that is organized solely for one or more nonprofit purposes. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • office: The State Fire Marshal's Office. See Alabama Code 8-17-241
  • officer: An individual elected, appointed, or designated as an officer of an entity by the entity's governing authority or under the entity's governing documents. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Open-end credit: A credit agreement (typically a credit card) that allows a customer to borrow against a preapproved credit line when purchasing goods and services. The borrower is only billed for the amount that is actually borrowed plus any interest due. (Also called a charge account or revolving credit.) Source: OCC
  • OPERATING AIRCRAFT: Performing the services of an aircraft pilot. See Alabama Code 4-4-1
  • OPERATING AIRPORT: Managing and controlling an airport open for use. See Alabama Code 4-4-1
  • Organization: means a general partnership, including a limited liability partnership; limited partnership, including a limited liability limited partnership; limited liability company; business trust; corporation; nonprofit corporation; professional corporation; or any other person having a governing statute. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-9.01
  • organization: A corporation, limited partnership, general partnership, limited liability company, business trust, real estate investment trust, joint venture, joint stock company, cooperative, association, bank, insurance company, credit union, savings and loan association, or other organization, regardless of whether the organization is for profit, not for profit, nonprofit, domestic, or foreign. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Organizational documents: means :

    (A) for a general partnership or foreign general partnership, its partnership agreement and if applicable, its registration as a limited liability partnership or a foreign limited liability partnership;

    (B) for a limited partnership or foreign limited partnership, its certificate of formation and partnership agreement, or comparable writings as provided in its governing statute;

    (C) for a limited liability company or foreign limited liability company, its certificate of formation and limited liability company agreement, or comparable writings as provided in its governing statute;

    (D) for a business or statutory trust or foreign business or statutory trust, its agreement of trust and declaration of trust, or comparable writings as provided in its governing statute;

    (E) for a corporation for profit or foreign corporation for profit, its certificate of incorporation, bylaws, and other agreements among its stockholders that are authorized by its governing statute, or comparable writings as provided in its governing statute;

    (F) for a nonprofit corporation or foreign nonprofit corporation, its certificate of incorporation, bylaws, and other agreements that are authorized by its governing statute, or comparable writings as provided in its governing statute;

    (G) for a professional corporation or foreign professional corporation, its certificate of incorporation, bylaws, and other agreements among its stockholders that are authorized by its governing statute, or comparable writings as provided in its governing statute; and

    (H) for any other organization, the basic writings that create the organization and determine its internal governance and the relations among the persons that own it, have an interest in it, or are members of it. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-9.01

  • organizer: A person, who need not be an owner or member of the entity, who, having the capacity to contract, is authorized to execute documents in connection with the formation of the entity. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • OUTDOOR RECREATIONAL LAND: Land and water, as well as buildings, structures, machinery, and other such appurtenances used for or susceptible of recreational use. See Alabama Code 35-15-21
  • Oversight: Committee review of the activities of a Federal agency or program.
  • owner: Any public or private organization of any character, including a partnership, corporation, association, any individual, or any federal, state or local political subdivision or any agency of any of the foregoing having a legal right of possession of outdoor recreational land. See Alabama Code 35-15-21
  • owner: Any person having a right of property in a dog, cat, ferret, or other animal, or who keeps or harbors the animal, or who has it in his or her care, or acts as its custodian, or who permits the animal to remain on or about any premises occupied by him or her. See Alabama Code 3-7A-1
  • owner: A person, other than a lienholder, having the property in or title to a vehicle. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • OWNERSHIP INTEREST: An owner's interest in an entity. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • PARTIAL-BIRTH ABORTION: An abortion in which the person performing the abortion partially vaginally delivers a living fetus before killing the fetus and completing the delivery. See Alabama Code 26-23-2
  • partner: A limited partner or general partner. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • partnership: Includes a general partnership, a limited liability partnership, a foreign limited liability partnership, a limited partnership, a foreign limited partnership, a limited liability limited partnership, and a foreign limited liability limited partnership. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • PARTNERSHIP AGREEMENT: Any agreement (whether referred to as a partnership agreement or otherwise), written, oral or implied, of the partners as to the activities and affairs of a general partnership or a limited partnership. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • PARTY TO THE MERGER: A domestic entity or non-code organization that under a plan of merger is combined by a merger. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • PATHOLOGICAL STUDY: The examination of body tissue for diagnostic or forensic purposes, and any related activities necessary to perform such study. See Alabama Code 26-23F-3
  • pension: Payments for life derived from money provided by the employer. See Alabama Code 12-17-227
  • pension: Payments for life derived from money provided by the employer. See Alabama Code 12-18-150
  • Per stirpes: The legal means by which the children of a decedent, upon the death of an ancestor at a level above that of the decedent, receive by right of representation the share of the ancestor
  • permit: A municipal explosives use permit. See Alabama Code 8-17-241
  • permit: The written authority of the State Fire Marshal issued under the authority of this article. See Alabama Code 8-17-210
  • permitholder: A qualified organization issued a permit pursuant to this article. See Alabama Code 45-37-150.01
  • person: Includes a natural person, corporation, partnership, association, or other entity. See Alabama Code 45-37-91.01
  • person: An individual, including the estate of an incompetent or deceased individual, or an organization, whether created by the laws of this state or another state or foreign country, including, without limitation, a general partnership, limited liability partnership, limited partnership, limited liability limited partnership, limited liability company, corporation, professional corporation, nonprofit corporation, professional association, trustee, personal representative, fiduciary, as defined in Section 19-3-150 or person performing in any similar capacity, business trust, estate, trust, association, joint venture, government, governmental subdivision, agency, or instrumentality, or any other legal or commercial entity. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • person: Any individual, regardless of age, maturity, or experience. See Alabama Code 35-15-21
  • person: Individuals, firms, partnerships, and associations. See Alabama Code 3-7A-1
  • person: Any individual, firm, copartnership, corporation, company, association, joint stock association or body politic and includes any trustee, receiver, assignee or other similar representative thereof. See Alabama Code 4-6-2
  • person: Any individual, corporation, company, association, firm, partnership, society, joint stock company, or any other entity, including any governmental entity or unincorporated association of persons. See Alabama Code 12-19-271
  • person: An individual, a partnership, a corporation or two or more individuals having a joint or common interest. See Alabama Code 2-1-1
  • person: A natural person, firm, association, corporation, or other legal entity. See Alabama Code 45-37-150.01
  • person: Every natural person, firm, copartnership, association, or corporation. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • person: Any individual, firm, partnership, corporation, association, union, or other organization. See Alabama Code 8-12-6
  • person: Includes any corporation, association, copartnership or one or more individuals. See Alabama Code 8-17-210
  • personal property: includes money, goods, chattels, things in action and evidence of debt, deeds and conveyances. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • physician: A doctor of medicine or osteopathy legally authorized to practice medicine and surgery by the state or any other individual legally authorized by the state to perform abortions. See Alabama Code 26-23-2
  • physician: A person currently licensed by the Medical Licensure Commission, State of Alabama, to practice medicine or osteopathy pursuant to Section 34-24-50, et seq. See Alabama Code 26-23E-3
  • physician: A person licensed to practice medicine and surgery or osteopathic medicine and surgery in Alabama. See Alabama Code 26-23H-3
  • Plaintiff: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit.
  • plan: The District Attorneys' Plan provided for in Section 12-17-227. See Alabama Code 12-17-227
  • plan: The Judges' and Clerks' Plan provided for in Section 12-18-151. See Alabama Code 12-18-150
  • plan: The City of Mobile, Alabama, Police and Firefighters Retirement Plan, as provided for in this part. See Alabama Code 45-49A-63
  • PLAN YEAR: The 12-month period beginning on any October 1. See Alabama Code 45-49A-63
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: Any municipality, city, town, village or county. See Alabama Code 4-6-2
  • Power of attorney: A written instrument which authorizes one person to act as another's agent or attorney. The power of attorney may be for a definite, specific act, or it may be general in nature. The terms of the written power of attorney may specify when it will expire. If not, the power of attorney usually expires when the person granting it dies. Source: OCC
  • Precedent: A court decision in an earlier case with facts and law similar to a dispute currently before a court. Precedent will ordinarily govern the decision of a later similar case, unless a party can show that it was wrongly decided or that it differed in some significant way.
  • prescription: A physician's order for the preparation and administration of a drug or device for a patient. See Alabama Code 26-23E-3
  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • Principal office: means the office (in or out of this state) so designated in the annual report where the principal executive offices of a corporation or foreign corporation are located. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-1.40
  • Probate: Proving a will
  • Probation officers: Screen applicants for pretrial release and monitor convicted offenders released under court supervision.
  • Proceeding: includes any civil suit and criminal, administrative, and investigatory action. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-1.40
  • PROFESSIONAL ASSOCIATION: A professional association as defined in Chapter 30. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • PROFESSIONAL CORPORATION: A domestic or foreign professional corporation as defined in Chapter 4. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • PROFESSIONAL ENTITY: A professional association and a professional corporation. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • PROFESSIONAL SERVICE: Any type of service that may lawfully be performed only pursuant to a license issued by a state court, state regulatory licensing board, or other like agency pursuant to state laws. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • property: Includes all property, whether real, personal, or mixed, or tangible or intangible, or any right or interest therein. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • PROPERTY AND CASUALTY INSURER: Any insurer licensed to do business in this state and authorized to transact property, marine, casualty, and/or surety insurance, but shall not include monoline mortgage guaranty insurers, financial guaranty insurers and title insurers. See Alabama Code 27-2B-2
  • Prosecute: To charge someone with a crime. A prosecutor tries a criminal case on behalf of the government.
  • provider: A health care provider duly licensed or certified by the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 27-3A-3
  • Public defender: Represent defendants who can't afford an attorney in criminal matters.
  • Public law: A public bill or joint resolution that has passed both chambers and been enacted into law. Public laws have general applicability nationwide.
  • public warehouse: as used in this chapter , shall not be construed as applying to any building, structure, or protected enclosure, or portion thereof, used exclusively for the checking or storing of hats, wearing apparel, or baggage or exclusively for the storing of furs when the storage thereof is merely incidental to the business of a dealer therein or to the business of cleaning or renovating such furs. See Alabama Code 8-15-1
  • QUALIFIED INDIVIDUAL: Any agent, investment adviser representative, or person who serves in a supervisory, compliance, legal, or associated member capacity of a broker-dealer or investment adviser. See Alabama Code 8-6-171
  • QUALIFIED ORGANIZATION: A bona fide religious, educational, service, senior citizens, fraternal, or veterans' organization which operates without profit to its members and which either has been in existence continuously as such an organization for a period of two years or is exempt from taxation by virtue of having been classified as a tax exempt nonprofit organization by the Internal Revenue Service. See Alabama Code 45-37-150.01
  • QUARANTINE FOR RABIES OBSERVATION: Confinement under the direct care, custody, control, and supervision of a licensed veterinarian for a period of 10 days subsequent to the date of the exposure, or as otherwise directed by the appropriate health officer. See Alabama Code 3-7A-1
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • RABIES OFFICER: A licensed veterinarian as defined in Section 34-29-61, duly appointed by the county board of health and approved by the State Health Officer and State Veterinarian. See Alabama Code 3-7A-1
  • rbc: Risk-based capital. See Alabama Code 27-2B-2
  • RBC INSTRUCTIONS: The RBC report including risk-based capital instructions adopted by the NAIC, as the RBC instructions may be amended by the NAIC from time to time in accordance with the procedures adopted by the NAIC. See Alabama Code 27-2B-2
  • RBC LEVEL: An insurer's company action level RBC, regulatory action level RBC, authorized control level RBC, or mandatory control level RBC where:

    a. See Alabama Code 27-2B-2

  • RBC PLAN: A comprehensive financial plan containing the elements specified in subsection (b) of Section 27-2B-4. See Alabama Code 27-2B-2
  • RBC REPORT: The report required in Section 27-2B-3. See Alabama Code 27-2B-2
  • REAL ESTATE INVESTMENT TRUST: An unincorporated trust, association, or other entity as defined in Chapter 10. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • real property: includes lands, tenements and hereditaments. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • REASONABLE QUALIFICATIONS: The standard of the reasonable criteria established and consistently used by the respective supplier for Alabama wholesalers that entered into, continued, or renewed an agreement with the supplier during a period of 24 months prior to the proposed transfer of the business of the wholesaler, or for Alabama wholesalers who have changed managers or designated managers during a period of 24 months prior to the proposed change in manager or successor manager of the business of the wholesaler. See Alabama Code 45-37-21.03
  • Record date: means the date fixed for determining the identity of the corporation's stockholders and their stockholdings for purposes of this chapter. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-1.40
  • Record stockholder: means (i) the person in whose name shares of stock are registered in the records of the corporation, or (ii) the person identified as the beneficial owner of stock in a beneficial ownership certificate pursuant to Section 10A-2A-7. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-1.40
  • Recourse: An arrangement in which a bank retains, in form or in substance, any credit risk directly or indirectly associated with an asset it has sold (in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles) that exceeds a pro rata share of the bank's claim on the asset. If a bank has no claim on an asset it has sold, then the retention of any credit risk is recourse. Source: FDIC
  • REFUNDING SCHOOL WARRANTS: Any warrants or other obligations of the county issued after May 27, 2015, to refinance, on such terms as the county commission shall determine in its discretion, either a. See Alabama Code 45-37-249.02
  • registrant: The person to whom the registration of a mark under this article is issued and the person's legal representative, successors, or assigns. See Alabama Code 8-12-6
  • registration: The registration certificate or certificates and registration plates issued under the laws of this state pertaining to the registration of vehicles. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • REGULAR INTEREST: Interest compounded annually at the rate determined by the Board of Control. See Alabama Code 12-17-227
  • REGULAR INTEREST: Interest compounded annually at the rate determined by the Board of Control. See Alabama Code 12-18-150
  • RELIGIOUS ORGANIZATION: An organization, church, body of communicants, or group, not for pecuniary profit, gathered in common membership for mutual support and edification in piety, worship, and religious observances; or any society, not for pecuniary profit, of individuals united for religious purposes at a definite place; or a church related private school, not for pecuniary profit. See Alabama Code 45-37-150.01
  • Remainder: An interest in property that takes effect in the future at a specified time or after the occurrence of some event, such as the death of a life tenant.
  • Remainderman: One entitled to the remainder of an estate after a particular reserved right or interest, such as a life tenancy, has expired.
  • Remand: When an appellate court sends a case back to a lower court for further proceedings.
  • Reporter: Makes a record of court proceedings and prepares a transcript, and also publishes the court's opinions or decisions (in the courts of appeals).
  • Rescission: The cancellation of budget authority previously provided by Congress. The Impoundment Control Act of 1974 specifies that the President may propose to Congress that funds be rescinded. If both Houses have not approved a rescission proposal (by passing legislation) within 45 days of continuous session, any funds being withheld must be made available for obligation.
  • research: A systematic investigation, including research development, testing and evaluation, designed to develop or contribute to generalized knowledge but does not include treatment, medication, diagnostic or remedial tests, surgical procedures, or observations which have the purpose of determining or improving the life or health of the unborn infant or preserving the life or health of the unborn infant or the unborn infant's mother or pathological study. See Alabama Code 26-23F-3
  • Restitution: The court-ordered payment of money by the defendant to the victim for damages caused by the criminal action.
  • retailer: Any person engaged in the business of making sales of fireworks to consumers within the State of Alabama during a calendar year from January 1 through December 31. See Alabama Code 8-17-210
  • RETALIATORY ACTION: Includes, but is not limited to, the refusal to continue an agreement, or a material reduction in the quality of service or in the quantity of products available to a wholesaler under an agreement, which refusal or reduction is not made in good faith. See Alabama Code 45-37-21.03
  • retired military: as used in this division , unless the context clearly requires a different meaning, means only those persons who are nondisability retirees from active duty in the Army, or the Navy, or the Marine Corps, or the Air Force, or the Coast Guard of the United States. See Alabama Code 32-6-290
  • retired volunteer firefighter: includes a volunteer firefighter who is a resident of this state and who has retired from a volunteer fire department in another state and who otherwise meets the requirements of this subsection. See Alabama Code 32-6-270
  • retirement: Withdrawal from active service with a retirement allowance or optional benefit in lieu thereof granted under this division. See Alabama Code 12-17-227
  • retirement: Withdrawal from active service with a retirement allowance or optional benefit in lieu thereof granted under this article. See Alabama Code 12-18-150
  • RETIREMENT ALLOWANCE: The sum of the annuity and the pension. See Alabama Code 12-17-227
  • RETIREMENT ALLOWANCE: The sum of the annuity and the pension. See Alabama Code 12-18-150
  • RETIREMENT SYSTEM: The Employees' Retirement System of Alabama as defined in Section 36-27-2. See Alabama Code 12-17-227
  • RETIREMENT SYSTEM: The Employees' Retirement System of Alabama as defined in Section 36-27-2. See Alabama Code 12-18-150
  • sale: An exchange of articles or fireworks for money, including barter, exchange, gift, or offer thereof, and each such transaction made by any person, whether as principal proprietor, salesman, agent, association, copartnership, or one or more individuals. See Alabama Code 8-17-210
  • SALES TERRITORY: An area of exclusive sales responsibility for the brand or brands of wine sold by a supplier as designated by an agreement. See Alabama Code 45-37-21.03
  • SEASONAL RETAILER: Any person engaged in the business of making sales of fireworks to consumers within the State of Alabama during the fireworks season(s) only, from permanent buildings or temporary or moveable stands. See Alabama Code 8-17-210
  • Secretary: means the corporate officer to whom the board of directors has delegated responsibility under Section 10A-2A-8. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-1.40
  • SECRETARY OF STATE: The Secretary of State of the State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • seismograph: An instrument designed to measure and record the surface vibrations produced by blasting in three mutually perpendicular (transverse, vertical, and longitudinal) directions. See Alabama Code 8-17-241
  • semitrailer: Every vehicle with or without motive power, other than a pole trailer, designed for carrying persons or property and for being drawn by a motor vehicle and so constructed that some part of its weight and that of its load rests upon or is carried by another vehicle. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • SENIOR CITIZENS ORGANIZATION: An organization within this state, not for pecuniary profit, which consists of at least 15 members who are 60 years of age or older and exists for their mutual support and advancing the causes of elderly or retired persons. See Alabama Code 45-37-150.01
  • Sentencing guidelines: A set of rules and principles established by the United States Sentencing Commission that trial judges use to determine the sentence for a convicted defendant. Source: U.S. Courts
  • service: Service recognized in accordance with Subpart 3 for purposes of determining a member's eligibility for a benefit under the plan and the amount of that benefit. See Alabama Code 45-49A-63
  • SERVICE MARK: Any word, name, symbol, character, or device, or any combination thereof and the distinctive feature of radio, television, or other advertising adopted and used by a person to identify services rendered or offered by the person and to distinguish them from the services of others. See Alabama Code 8-12-6
  • SERVICE MEMBER: An individual who is in military service and is a member of the armed services or reserve forces of the United States or a member of the Alabama National Guard. See Alabama Code 35-10-70
  • SERVICE ORGANIZATION: A branch, lodge, or chapter of a national or state organization, not for pecuniary profit, which is authorized by its written constitution, charter, articles of incorporation, or bylaws to engage in a fraternal, civic, or service purpose within the state; and a local civic organization, not for pecuniary profit and not affiliated with a state or national organization, which is recognized by resolution adopted by the city in which the organization conducts its principal activities, whose constitution, charter, articles of incorporation, or bylaws contain a provision for the perpetuation of the organization as a nonprofit organization whose entire assets are pledged to charitable purposes, and whose constitution, charter, articles of incorporation, or bylaws, contain a provision that all assets, real property, and personal property shall revert to the benefit of the city government upon dissolution of the organization. See Alabama Code 45-37-150.01
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • SEXUALLY MATURE ANIMAL: Any dog or cat that has reached the age of 180 days. See Alabama Code 3-9-1
  • sheriff: The Sheriff of Jefferson County. See Alabama Code 45-37-150.01
  • SPECIAL FIREWORKS: All articles of fireworks that are classified as Class B explosives in the regulations of the U. See Alabama Code 8-17-210
  • SPECIAL OCCASION: A single gathering or session at which a series of successive bingo games authorized by this article are played pursuant to a special permit issued under Section 45-37-150. See Alabama Code 45-37-150.01
  • state: The State of Alabama and any department, board, bureau, commission, or other agency thereof. See Alabama Code 11-3-42
  • state: Includes, when referring to a part of the United States, a state or commonwealth, and its agencies and governmental subdivisions, and a territory or possession, and its agencies and governmental subdivisions, of the United States. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • state: The State of Alabama. See Alabama Code 4-4-1
  • state: A state, territory, or possession of the United States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, or a province of Canada. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • STATE SALES TAX: The tax or taxes imposed by the state sales tax statutes. See Alabama Code 45-37-249.02
  • STATE SALES TAX STATUTES: Division 1 of Article 1 of Chapter 23 of Title 40, as heretofore or hereafter amended, including all other statutes of the state which expressly set forth any exemptions from the computation of the tax levied in the state sales tax statutes and all other statutes of the state which expressly apply to or purport to affect the administration of the state sales tax statutes, and the incidence and collection of the taxes imposed therein. See Alabama Code 45-37-249.02
  • STATE USE TAX: The tax or taxes imposed by the state use tax statutes. See Alabama Code 45-37-249.02
  • STATE USE TAX STATUTES: Article 2 of Chapter 23 of Title 40, as heretofore or hereafter amended, including all other statutes of the state which expressly set forth any exemptions from the computation of the tax levied in the state use tax statutes and all other statutes of the state which expressly apply to or purport to affect the administration of the state use tax statutes, and the incidence and collection of the taxes imposed therein. See Alabama Code 45-37-249.02
  • Statute of limitations: A law that sets the time within which parties must take action to enforce their rights.
  • STATUTORY CAPITAL AND SURPLUS: The combination of capital and surplus. See Alabama Code 27-2B-2
  • sterilization: The surgical removal of the reproductive organs of a dog or cat in order to render the animal unable to reproduce. See Alabama Code 3-9-1
  • Stock: means the units into which the proprietary interests in a corporation or foreign corporation are divided. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-1.40
  • Stock exchange: means a transaction pursuant to Section 10A-2A-11. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-1.40
  • Stockholder: means a record stockholder. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-1.40
  • structure: Any object constructed or installed by man including, but without limitation, buildings, towers, smokestacks and overhead transmission lines. See Alabama Code 4-6-2
  • Subpoena duces tecum: A command to a witness to produce documents.
  • subscriber: A person who agrees with or makes an offer to an entity to purchase by subscription an ownership interest in the entity. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • subscription: include a mark when the person cannot write, if his name is written near the mark, and witnessed by a person who writes his own name as a witness, and include with respect to corporate securities facsimile signature placed upon any instrument or writing with intent to execute or authenticate such instrument or writing. See Alabama Code 1-1-1
  • subscription: An agreement between a subscriber and an entity, or a written offer made by a subscriber to an entity before or after the entity's formation, in which the subscriber agrees or offers to purchase a specified ownership interest in the entity. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • subsidiary: An entity or organization at least 50 percent of:

    (A) the ownership or membership interest of which is owned by a parent entity or parent organization; or

    (B) the voting power of which is possessed by a parent entity or parent organization. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03

  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • SUPERNUMERARY DISTRICT ATTORNEY: A supernumerary district attorney who has elected to come under the provisions and requirements of Division 2 of this article. See Alabama Code 12-17-227
  • supplier: A manufacturer or importer of wine licensed by the board. See Alabama Code 45-37-21.03
  • Temporary restraining order: Prohibits a person from an action that is likely to cause irreparable harm. This differs from an injunction in that it may be granted immediately, without notice to the opposing party, and without a hearing. It is intended to last only until a hearing can be held.
  • Tenancy in common: A type of property ownership in which two or more individuals have an undivided interest in property. At the death of one tenant in common, his (her) fractional percentage of ownership in the property passes to the decedent
  • Testify: Answer questions in court.
  • Tort: A civil wrong or breach of a duty to another person, as outlined by law. A very common tort is negligent operation of a motor vehicle that results in property damage and personal injury in an automobile accident.
  • TOTAL ADJUSTED CAPITAL: The sum of:

    a. See Alabama Code 27-2B-2

  • TRADE NAME: A word, name, symbol, character, design, drawing, device, or any combination thereof adopted and used by a person to identify the person's business (including vocation, occupation, or profession), and distinguish it from the business of others. See Alabama Code 8-12-6
  • trademark: Any word, name, symbol, character, design, drawing, or device, or any combination thereof adopted and used by a person to identify goods made or sold by the person and to distinguish them from goods made or sold by others. See Alabama Code 8-12-6
  • traffic: Pedestrians, ridden or herded animals, vehicles, streetcars, and other conveyances either singly or together while using any highway for purposes of travel. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • trailer: Every vehicle with or without motive power, other than a pole trailer, designed for carrying persons or property and for being drawn by a motor vehicle and so constructed that no part of its weight rests upon the towing vehicle. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • Transcript: A written, word-for-word record of what was said, either in a proceeding such as a trial or during some other conversation, as in a transcript of a hearing or oral deposition.
  • TRANSFER OF THE BUSINESS OF THE WHOLESALER: The voluntary sale, assignment, or other transfer of all or control of the business or all or substantially all of the assets of the wholesaler, or all or control of the capital stock of the wholesaler including, without limitation, the sale or other transfer of capital stock or assets by merger, consolidation, or dissolution, or of the capital stock of the parent corporation, or of the capital stock or beneficial ownership of any other entity owning or controlling the wholesaler. See Alabama Code 45-37-21.03
  • tree: Any object of natural growth. See Alabama Code 4-6-2
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Trust account: A general term that covers all types of accounts in a trust department, such as estates, guardianships, and agencies. Source: OCC
  • trustee: A person who serves as a trustee of a trust, including a real estate investment trust. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • Type of entity: means a generic form of entity: (i) recognized at common law; or (ii) formed under a governing statute, regardless of whether some entities formed under that law are subject to provisions of that law that create different categories of the form of entity. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-1.40
  • UNBORN INFANT: A human being in utero at any stage of development regardless of viability. See Alabama Code 26-23F-3
  • UNCERTIFICATED OWNERSHIP INTEREST: An ownership interest in a domestic entity that is not represented by a certificate. See Alabama Code 10A-1-1.03
  • uncontrolled: as used in this chapter shall in no case be construed to prohibit the driving of any animal or stock over, upon or along the public streets and highways of this state by the owner thereof or his duly authorized agent. See Alabama Code 3-5-6
  • Uniform Commercial Code: A set of statutes enacted by the various states to provide consistency among the states' commercial laws. It includes negotiable instruments, sales, stock transfers, trust and warehouse receipts, and bills of lading. Source: OCC
  • UNIFORMED OFFICER: A person employed by the city's police department or fire department as a police officer or firefighter, as the case may be, who (i) is certified as a police officer or firefighter by the State of Alabama, (ii) is in training to be certified by the State of Alabama as a police officer or firefighter, (iii) is employed by the city's police department or fire department other than as a certified police officer or firefighter and who was a participant in the plan immediately preceding October 1, 1997, or (iv) is in the police or fire cadet program. See Alabama Code 45-49A-63
  • United States: includes any district, authority, bureau, commission, department, and any other agency of the United States. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-1.40
  • Unrestricted voting trust beneficial owner: means , with respect to any stockholder rights, a voting trust beneficial owner whose entitlement to exercise the stockholder right in question is not inconsistent with the voting trust agreement. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-1.40
  • used: A mark shall be deemed to be used in this state:

    a. See Alabama Code 8-12-6

  • UTILIZATION REVIEW: A system for prospective and concurrent review of the necessity and appropriateness in the allocation of health care resources and services given or proposed to be given to an individual within this state. See Alabama Code 27-3A-3
  • UTILIZATION REVIEW AGENT: Any person or entity, including the State of Alabama, performing a utilization review, except the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 27-3A-3

  • vehicle: Every device in, upon, or by which any person or property is or may be transported or drawn upon a highway, excepting devices moved by human power or used exclusively upon stationary rails or tracks or electric personal assistive mobility devices; provided, that for the purposes of this title, a bicycle or a ridden animal shall be deemed a vehicle, except those provisions of this title, which by their very nature can have no application. See Alabama Code 32-1-1.1
  • Venue: The geographical location in which a case is tried.
  • Veto: The procedure established under the Constitution by which the President/Governor refuses to approve a bill or joint resolution and thus prevents its enactment into law. A regular veto occurs when the President/Governor returns the legislation to the house in which it originated. The President/Governor usually returns a vetoed bill with a message indicating his reasons for rejecting the measure. In Congress, the veto can be overridden only by a two-thirds vote in both the Senate and the House.
  • volunteer rescue squad: means only those persons or organizations who are members of the Alabama Association of Rescue Squads, Inc. See Alabama Code 32-6-170
  • Voting group: means all stock of one or more classes or series that under the certificate of incorporation or this chapter are entitled to vote and be counted together collectively on a matter at a meeting of stockholders. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-1.40
  • Voting power: means the current power to vote in the election of directors. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-1.40
  • Voting trust beneficial owner: means an owner of a beneficial interest in stock of the corporation held in a voting trust established pursuant to Section 10A-2A-7. See Alabama Code 10A-2A-1.40
  • VULNERABLE ADULT: Any of the following:

    a. See Alabama Code 8-6-171

  • wholesaler: Any person engaged in the business of making sales of fireworks to any other person engaged in the business of making sales at seasonal retail. See Alabama Code 8-17-210
  • wholesaler: A wholesaler of wine licensed by the board. See Alabama Code 45-37-21.03
  • without substantial justification: when used with reference to any action, claim, defense or appeal, including without limitation any motion, means that such action, claim, defense or appeal (including any motion) is frivolous, groundless in fact or in law, or vexatious, or interposed for any improper purpose, including without limitation, to cause unnecessary delay or needless increase in the cost of litigation, as determined by the court. See Alabama Code 12-19-271
  • woman: A female human being, whether or not she has reached the age of majority. See Alabama Code 26-23H-3
  • Writ: A formal written command, issued from the court, requiring the performance of a specific act.