Sections
Article 1 General Provisions 32-1701 – 32-1706
Article 2 Licensing 32-1721 – 32-1730
Article 3 Regulation 32-1741 – 32-1753
Article 4 Referral 32-1761
Article 5 Dispensers of Contact Lenses 32-1771

Terms Used In Arizona Laws > Title 32 > Chapter 16

  • Affidavit: A written statement of facts confirmed by the oath of the party making it, before a notary or officer having authority to administer oaths.
  • Allegation: something that someone says happened.
  • Amendment: A proposal to alter the text of a pending bill or other measure by striking out some of it, by inserting new language, or both. Before an amendment becomes part of the measure, thelegislature must agree to it.
  • Answer: The formal written statement by a defendant responding to a civil complaint and setting forth the grounds for defense.
  • Board: means the state board of optometry. See Arizona Laws 32-1701
  • Complaint: A written statement by the plaintiff stating the wrongs allegedly committed by the defendant.
  • Conviction: means a judgment of conviction by any state or federal court of competent jurisdiction in a criminal cause, regardless of whether an appeal is pending or could be taken, and includes any judgment or order based on a plea of no contest. See Arizona Laws 32-1701
  • Damages: Money paid by defendants to successful plaintiffs in civil cases to compensate the plaintiffs for their injuries.
  • Defendant: In a civil suit, the person complained against; in a criminal case, the person accused of the crime.
  • doctor of optometry: means a person who has graduated from an accredited college of optometry. See Arizona Laws 32-1701
  • Evidence: Information presented in testimony or in documents that is used to persuade the fact finder (judge or jury) to decide the case for one side or the other.
  • Fee simple: Absolute title to property with no limitations or restrictions regarding the person who may inherit it.
  • Felony: A crime carrying a penalty of more than a year in prison.
  • Forgery: The fraudulent signing or alteration of another's name to an instrument such as a deed, mortgage, or check. The intent of the forgery is to deceive or defraud. Source: OCC
  • Housing: means any structure suitable for residence by an individual or family. See Arizona Laws 9-441
  • Housing development project: means any undertaking related to real property, structures or improvements in a housing development area, for the purpose of establishing housing and other facilities necessary or incidental to the housing and primarily for the use of those residing in the housing. See Arizona Laws 9-441
  • Indictment: The formal charge issued by a grand jury stating that there is enough evidence that the defendant committed the crime to justify having a trial; it is used primarily for felonies.
  • Injunction: An order of the court prohibiting (or compelling) the performance of a specific act to prevent irreparable damage or injury.
  • Lease: A contract transferring the use of property or occupancy of land, space, structures, or equipment in consideration of a payment (e.g., rent). Source: OCC
  • Licensee: means a person licensed to practice the profession of optometry pursuant to this chapter. See Arizona Laws 32-1701
  • Local governing body: means the council or legislative body charged with governing the municipality. See Arizona Laws 9-441
  • Misdemeanor: Usually a petty offense, a less serious crime than a felony, punishable by less than a year of confinement.
  • Municipality: means an incorporated city or town. See Arizona Laws 9-441
  • Oath: includes an affirmation or declaration. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Partnership: A voluntary contract between two or more persons to pool some or all of their assets into a business, with the agreement that there will be a proportional sharing of profits and losses.
  • pharmaceutical agent: means a prescription or nonprescription substance or a schedule III controlled substance used for examination, diagnosis or treatment of conditions of the human eye and its adnexa. See Arizona Laws 32-1701
  • Plea: In a criminal case, the defendant's statement pleading "guilty" or "not guilty" in answer to the charges, a declaration made in open court.
  • Pleadings: Written statements of the parties in a civil case of their positions. In the federal courts, the principal pleadings are the complaint and the answer.
  • Practice of the profession of optometry: means :

    (a) The examination or refraction of the human eye and its appendages and the employment of any objective or subjective means or methods other than surgery for the purpose of diagnosing or treating any visual, muscular, neurological or anatomical anomalies of the eye. See Arizona Laws 32-1701

  • Presiding officer: A majority-party Senator who presides over the Senate and is charged with maintaining order and decorum, recognizing Members to speak, and interpreting the Senate's rules, practices and precedents.
  • Probation: A sentencing alternative to imprisonment in which the court releases convicted defendants under supervision as long as certain conditions are observed.
  • Quorum: The number of legislators that must be present to do business.
  • Service of process: The service of writs or summonses to the appropriate party.
  • Settlement: Parties to a lawsuit resolve their difference without having a trial. Settlements often involve the payment of compensation by one party in satisfaction of the other party's claims.
  • Statute: A law passed by a legislature.
  • Subpoena: A command to a witness to appear and give testimony.
  • Summons: Another word for subpoena used by the criminal justice system.
  • Surgery: means , in reference to the human eye and its appendages, an invasive procedure in which in vivo human tissue is cut, burned, vaporized, removed, coagulated or photodisrupted by use of an electrical cautery, a scalpel, a cryoprobe, a laser or ionizing radiation. See Arizona Laws 32-1701
  • Temporary restraining order: Prohibits a person from an action that is likely to cause irreparable harm. This differs from an injunction in that it may be granted immediately, without notice to the opposing party, and without a hearing. It is intended to last only until a hearing can be held.
  • Testify: includes every manner of oral statement under oath or affirmation. See Arizona Laws 1-215
  • Trial: A hearing that takes place when the defendant pleads "not guilty" and witnesses are required to come to court to give evidence.
  • Trustee: A person or institution holding and administering property in trust.
  • Unprofessional conduct: means :

    (a) Wilful betrayal of a professional secret or wilful violation of a privileged communication except as otherwise required by law. See Arizona Laws 32-1701

  • Wilfully: means , with respect to conduct or to a circumstance described by a statute defining an offense, that a person is aware or believes that the person's conduct is of that nature or that the circumstance exists. See Arizona Laws 1-215